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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678441/acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-lymphoma-of-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-region
#1
Celeste Sánchez-Romero, Hélder Antônio Rebelo Pontes, Flávia Sirotheau Corrêa Pontes, André Caroli Rocha, Román Carlos, Javier C Rendón, Oslei Paes de Almeida, Felipe Paiva Fonseca
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to describe the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features of acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (ALL/LBL) of the oral and maxillofacial region (OMF). STUDY DESIGN: Cases diagnosed as ALL/LBL of the OMF region were retrieved from the files of 2 Brazilian and 1 Guatemalan oral pathology services from 2005 to 2017. Microscopic and immunohistochemical features of each case were reviewed and fully described, and clinical data were retrieved from the pathology reports...
January 31, 2018: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643536/-genetic-diagnosis-of-caroli-syndrome-with-autosomal-recessive-polycystic-kidney-disease-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
X Y Yang, L P Zhu, X Q Liu, C Y Zhang, Y Yao, Y Wu
This case report is about one genetically specified diagnosed infant case of Caroli syndrome with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) in China. The patient in this case report was an eight-month infant boy with an atypical onset and the main clinical manifestation was non-symptomatic enlargement of the liver and kidneys. The imaging study demonstrated a diffused cystic dilatation of intrahepatic bile ducts as well as polycystic changes in bilateral kidneys. The basic blood biochemical tests indicated a normal hepatorenal function...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629261/an-unusual-left-atrial-mass-in-a-woman-with-active-breast-cancer-and-recent-cardiothoracic-surgery
#3
Giuseppe Ciliberti, Luciano Carotti, Nicola Russo, Margherita Ilaria Gioia, Giovanni Caroli, Federico Guerra, Marco Di Eusanio, Alessandro Capucci
Atrial masses are rare and more often localized in the right atrium. They are usually detected incidentally, and the leading causes are tumors, thrombi, or infective vegetations. However, normal structures and artifacts ("pseudomasses") should also be considered in differential diagnosis, especially after cardiac and/or aortic surgery. We present a case of an unusual left atrial image observed on transthoracic echocardiography in an 83-year-old woman after an intervention of open-chest ascending aorta replacement and myocardial revascularization...
January 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Echography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608753/t2bacteria-magnetic-resonance-assay-for-the-rapid-detection-of-eskapec-pathogens-directly-in-whole-blood
#4
Giulia De Angelis, Brunella Posteraro, Elena De Carolis, Giulia Menchinelli, Francesco Franceschi, Mario Tumbarello, Gennaro De Pascale, Teresa Spanu, Maurizio Sanguinetti
Objectives: To evaluate the magnetic resonance-based T2Bacteria Panel assay for direct detection of ESKAPEc (Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli) pathogens in blood samples of patients with suspected bloodstream infection (BSI). Patients and methods: Adult patients admitted to the Emergency Medicine Department, Infectious Diseases Unit and ICU of a large tertiary-care hospital were included if they had a blood culture (BC) ordered concomitantly with a whole-blood sample for T2Bacteria testing...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594202/time-to-surgery-and-pathologic-complete-response-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-in-rectal-cancer-a-population-study-on-2094-patients
#5
Gabriella Macchia, Maria Antonietta Gambacorta, Carlotta Masciocchi, Giuditta Chiloiro, Giovanna Mantello, Maika di Benedetto, Marco Lupattelli, Elisa Palazzari, Liliana Belgioia, Almalina Bacigalupo, Aldo Sainato, Sabrina Montrone, Lucia Turri, Angela Caroli, Antonino De Paoli, Fabio Matrone, Carlo Capirci, Giampaolo Montesi, Rita Marina Niespolo, Mattia Falchetto Osti, Luciana Caravatta, Alessandra Galardi, Domenico Genovesi, Maria Elena Rosetto, Caterina Boso, Piera Sciacero, Lucia Giaccherini, Salvatore Parisi, Antonella Fontana, Francesco Romeo Filippone, Vincenzo Picardi, Alessio Giuseppe Morganti, Vincenzo Valentini
Background: To retrospectively evaluate the difference in terms of pathologic complete response (pCR) according to time elapsed between chemoradiation (CRT) and total mesorectal excision (TME) on a large unselected real-life dataset of locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) patients. Methods: A multicentre retrospective cohort study of LARC patients from 21 Italian Radiotherapy Institutions was performed. Patients were stratified into 3 different time intervals from CRT...
June 2017: Clinical and Translational Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563166/repeat-associated-mechanisms-of-genome-evolution-and-function-revealed-by-the-mus-caroli-and-mus-pahari-genomes
#6
David Thybert, Maša Roller, Fábio C P Navarro, Ian Fiddes, Ian Streeter, Christine Feig, David Martin-Galvez, Mikhail Kolmogorov, Václav Janoušek, Wasiu Akanni, Bronwen Aken, Sarah Aldridge, Varshith Chakrapani, William Chow, Laura Clarke, Carla Cummins, Anthony Doran, Matthew Dunn, Leo Goodstadt, Kerstin Howe, Matthew Howell, Ambre-Aurore Josselin, Robert C Karn, Christina M Laukaitis, Lilue Jingtao, Fergal Martin, Matthieu Muffato, Stefanie Nachtweide, Michael A Quail, Cristina Sisu, Mario Stanke, Klara Stefflova, Cock Van Oosterhout, Frederic Veyrunes, Ben Ward, Fengtang Yang, Golbahar Yazdanifar, Amonida Zadissa, David J Adams, Alvis Brazma, Mark Gerstein, Benedict Paten, Son Pham, Thomas M Keane, Duncan T Odom, Paul Flicek
Understanding the mechanisms driving lineage-specific evolution in both primates and rodents has been hindered by the lack of sister clades with a similar phylogenetic structure having high-quality genome assemblies. Here, we have created chromosome-level assemblies of the Mus caroli and Mus pahari genomes. Together with the Mus musculus and Rattus norvegicus genomes, this set of rodent genomes is similar in divergence times to the Hominidae (human-chimpanzee-gorilla-orangutan). By comparing the evolutionary dynamics between the Muridae and Hominidae, we identified punctate events of chromosome reshuffling that shaped the ancestral karyotype of Mus musculus and Mus caroli between 3 and 6 million yr ago, but that are absent in the Hominidae...
April 2018: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520352/laparoscopic-hepatectomy-for-the-treatment-of-caroli-s-disease-a-case-report
#7
Chao-Bo Chen, Wei-Dong Hu, Wan-Wen Zhao, Yan-Yan Gu, Hong-Wei Hou, Zheng Pan
Caroli disease is a rare congenital disorder characterized by nonobstructive dilatation of intrahepatic ducts. In cases with symptomatic intrahepatic manifestations, treatment should correspond to the type with hepatic resection for localized disease and transplantation for diffuse forms. If possible, complete resection of the cysts can cure the symptoms and avoid the risk of malignancy. A 66-year-old woman presented to Wuxi Xishan People's Hospital with recurrent intermittent upper quadrant abdominal pain...
March 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511191/discrete-energy-levels-of-caroli-de-gennes-matricon-states-in-quantum-limit-in-fete-0-55-se-0-45
#8
Mingyang Chen, Xiaoyu Chen, Huan Yang, Zengyi Du, Xiyu Zhu, Enyu Wang, Hai-Hu Wen
Caroli-de Gennes-Matricon (CdGM) states were predicted in 1964 as low-energy excitations within vortex cores of type-II superconductors. In the quantum limit, the energy levels of these states were predicted to be discrete with the basic levels at ±μΔ2 /EF (μ = 1/2, 3/2, 5/2, …) with Δ the superconducting energy gap and EF the Fermi energy. However, due to the small ratio of Δ/EF in most type-II superconductors, it is very difficult to observe the discrete CdGM states, but rather a symmetric peak which appears at zero bias at the vortex center...
March 6, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500662/risk-of-post-operative-venous-thromboembolism-in-patients-with-meningioma
#9
Giorgio Carrabba, Marco Riva, Valeria Conte, Andrea Di Cristofori, Manuela Caroli, Marco Locatelli, Massimo Castellani, Paolo Bucciarelli, Andrea Artoni, Nino Stocchetti, Ida Martinelli, Paolo Rampini
The surgical resection of meningiomas can be complicated by venous thromboembolism (VTE) in the post-operative period, but the exact incidence of this event is not known. Aim of this study was to assess the occurrence of VTE in patients operated for meningioma who underwent a post-operative clinical and objective screening for VTE. Patients undergoing meningioma resection between 2000 and 2010 who accepted to be investigated for VTE in the post-operative period were included in the study. The screening included daily clinical assessment, pulmonary perfusion scintigraphy (Q-SCAN) on day 2 and venous compression ultrasonography (CUS) of the lower limbs within day 7...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490410/effect-of-additional-treatments-combined-with-conventional-therapies-in-pregnant-patients-with-high-risk-antiphospholipid-syndrome-a-multicentre-study
#10
Amelia Ruffatti, Marta Tonello, Ariela Hoxha, Savino Sciascia, Maria J Cuadrado, José O Latino, Sebastian Udry, Tatiana Reshetnyak, Nathalie Costedoat-Chalumeau, Nathalie Morel, Luca Marozio, Angela Tincani, Laura Andreoli, Ewa Haladyj, Pier L Meroni, Maria Gerosa, Jaume Alijotas-Reig, Sara Tenti, Karoline Mayer-Pickel, Michal J Simchen, Maria T Bertero, Sara De Carolis, Véronique Ramoni, Arsène Mekinian, Elvira Grandone, Aldo Maina, Fátima Serrano, Vittorio Pengo, Munther A Khamashta
The effect of additional treatments combined with conventional therapy on pregnancy outcomes was examined in high-risk primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS) patients to identify the most effective treatment strategy. The study's inclusion criteria were (1) positivity to lupus anticoagulant alone or associated with anticardiolipin and/or anti-β2 glycoprotein I antibodies; (2) a history of severe maternal-foetal complications (Group I) or a history of one or more pregnancies refractory to conventional therapy leading to unexplained foetal deaths not associated with severe maternal-foetal complications (Group II)...
February 28, 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437626/compounds-with-potential-activity-against-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#11
C Sao Emani, M J Williams, I Wiid, B Baker, C Carolis
The high acquisition of drug resistance by Mycobacterium tuberculosis necessitates the ongoing search for new drugs to be incorporated in the tuberculosis (TB) regimen. Compounds used for the treatment of other diseases have the potential to be repurposed for the treatment of TB. In this study, a high throughput screening of compounds against thiol-deficient M. smegmatis strains and subsequent validations with thiol-deficient M. tuberculosis strains, revealed that Δ egtA and Δ mshA mutants had increased susceptibility to azaguanine (Aza) and sulfaguanidine (Su), Δ egtB and Δ egtE mutants had increased susceptibility to bacitracin (Ba) and Δ egtA , Δ mshA , and Δ egtB mutants had increased susceptibility to fusaric acid (Fu)...
February 5, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421908/glass-like-stress-relaxation-of-a-permanent-gelatin-network-as-a-signature-of-pretransitional-helix-coil-fluctuations
#12
Christiane Caroli, Olivier Ronsin, Anaël Lemaître
The stress response of permanently crosslinked gelatin gels was recently observed to display glass-like features, namely, a stretched-exponential behavior terminated by an exponential decay, the characteristic time scales of which increase dramatically with decreasing temperature. This phenomenon is studied here using a model of flexible polymer gel network where relaxation proceeds via elementary monomer exchanges between helix and coil segments. The relaxation dynamics of a full network simulation is found to be nearly identical to that of a model of independent strands, which shows that for flexible polymer gels in the range of elastic moduli of interest, both strand contour length disorder and elastic couplings are irrelevant...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371645/study-of-the-soluble-salts-formation-in-a-recently-restored-house-of-pompeii-by-in-situ-raman-spectroscopy
#13
Nagore Prieto-Taboada, Silvia Fdez-Ortiz de Vallejuelo, Marco Veneranda, Iker Marcaida, Héctor Morillas, Maite Maguregui, Kepa Castro, Ernesto De Carolis, Massimo Osanna, Juan Manuel Madariaga
The walls and mural paintings of Pompeii exposed directly to the rainfalls are the most impacted in view of the observed decay. However, there are also wall paintings in protected rooms showing evidences of decaying. The aim of this research was to study the salts formed in such protected wall paintings only by non-invasive and in-situ Raman spectroscopy to understand their decaying processes. The perystile of the House of the Gilded Cupids (Regio VI, Insula 16), one of the most important houses of Pompeii was studied...
January 25, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330748/surgery-in-elderly-patients-with-intracranial-meningioma-neuropsychological-functioning-during-a-long-term-follow-up
#14
Andrea Di Cristofori, Barbara Zarino, Giulio Bertani, Marco Locatelli, Paolo Rampini, Giorgio Carrabba, Manuela Caroli
Surgical treatment of elderly patients with meningioma is has proved to be safe, especially when patients are selected using dedicated surgical scores. These scores take into account tumor size, edema, location and patient's co-morbidities. Neuropsychological functioning (NPF) of this kind of patients has been poorly studied in literature and it is not taken into account by these scores. Aim of our study was to describe the long-term outcome in terms of NPF of elderly patients undergoing surgery. Patients older than 70 years of age affected by intracranial meningioma and selected with the Clinical-Radiological Grading Score were included in our study...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323060/spectrum-of-hepatobiliary-cystic-lesions-a-7-year-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-referral-center-in-north-india-and-review-of-literature
#15
Prasenjit Das, Pragya Sharma, Tripti Nakra, Shouriyo Ghosh, Rajni Yadav, Brijnandan Gupta, Gaurav Khanna, K S Madhusudhan, Rajesh Panwar, M K Anoop, Ragini Kilambi, Anand N Singh, Nihar R Dash, Sujoy Pal, Siddhartha Datta Gupta
CONTEXT: Cysts arising from the hepatobiliary tree are a group of heterogeneous lesions with regard to pathogenesis, clinical presentation, and radiological finding. They can be intrahepatic or extrahepatic, developmental, secondary to infective/inflammatory etiologies, as well as neoplastic. This study was conducted to determine the spectrum of hepatobiliary cysts in surgically intervened cases, with regard to their prevalence, histological spectrum, and clinicoradiological correlation, wherever possible...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314454/neurophysiological-comparison-among-tonic-high-frequency-and-burst-spinal-cord-stimulation-novel-insights-into-spinal-and-brain-mechanisms-of-action
#16
Tommaso Bocci, Giuliano De Carolis, Mery Paroli, Davide Barloscio, Laura Parenti, Lara Tollapi, Massimiliano Valeriani, Ferdinando Sartucci
RATIONALE: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is an effective option for neuropathic pain treatment. New technological developments, as high-frequency (HF) and theta burst stimulation (TBS), have shown promising results, although putative mechanisms of action still remain debated. METHODS: thirty patients with lower back pain were enrolled and underwent LF, HF, and TBS. Laser evoked potentials (LEPs) were recorded by using a Nd:YAG laser. Amplitudes and latencies of the main two components (N1, N2/P2) were compared among different experimental sessions...
January 4, 2018: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287366/antioxidant-spotting-in-micelles-and-emulsions
#17
Carolina Aliaga, Amaia López de Arbina, Camila Pastenes, Marcos Caroli Rezende
A simple protocol is described for locating the site of action of an antioxidant (AO) in a micro-heterogeneous mixture, based on the pattern of the reactivity curve towards the AO of a series of 4-alkanoyl TEMPO radicals. The resulting cut-off curves yield information regarding the hydrophobic microenvironment surrounding the reactive AO group, and its accessibility by the probe. Convex curves are an indication of an AO located in a more hydrophilic environment, while concave plots originate from AOs in a more hydrophobic location in the micro-heterogeneous system...
April 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286696/observation-of-caroli-de-gennes-matricon-vortex-states-in-yba_-2-cu_-3-o_-7-%C3%AE
#18
Christophe Berthod, Ivan Maggio-Aprile, Jens Bruér, Andreas Erb, Christoph Renner
The copper oxides present the highest superconducting temperature and properties at odds with other compounds, suggestive of a fundamentally different superconductivity. In particular, the Abrikosov vortices fail to exhibit localized states expected and observed in all clean superconductors. We have explored the possibility that the elusive vortex-core signatures are actually present but weak. Combining local tunneling measurements with large-scale theoretical modeling, we positively identify the vortex states in YBa_{2}Cu_{3}O_{7-δ}...
December 8, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274674/comparative-study-between-obstetric-antiphospholipid-syndrome-and-obstetric-morbidity-related-with-antiphospholipid-antibodies
#19
Jaume Alijotas-Reig, Enrique Esteve-Valverde, Raquel Ferrer-Oliveras, Elisa LLurba, Amelia Ruffatti, Angela Tincani, Elmina Lefkou, Mª Tiziana Bertero, Gerard Espinosa, Sara de Carolis, Patrizia Rovere-Querini, Krista Lundelin, Elisa Picardo, Arsene Mekinian
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To compare clinical, laboratory, treatment and live birth rate data between women with aPL-related obstetric complications (OMAPS) not fulfilling the Sydney criteria and women fulfilling them (OAPS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective and prospective multicentre study. Data comparison between groups from The European Registry on Antiphospholipid Syndrome included within the framework of the European Forum on Antiphospholipid Antibody projects...
December 20, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251424/inadequate-sunlight-exposure-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#20
Piero Vernia, Giorgia Burrelli Scotti, Anna Dei Giudici, Ambra Chiappini, Santi Cannizzaro, Maria Teresa Afferri, Aurora de Carolis
OBJECTIVE: Inadequate sun exposure impairs vitamin D activity and favors low bone density, especially in patients at increased risk for osteoporosis, such as those affected by inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In this study, sun exposure was investigated in a large series of patients with IBD in a Mediterranean country, Italy, where this risk is considered less likely to occur than in higher latitudes. METHODS: This is a case-control study of 292 patients with IBD [132 with Crohn's disease (CD) and 160 with ulcerative colitis (UC)], 80 diseased and 540 healthy controls, conducted via a validated questionnaire to quantify sunlight exposure...
January 2018: Journal of Digestive Diseases
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