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Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812000/diagnostic-imaging-features-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-a-narrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Francesco Esposito, Rosanna Mamone, Marco Di Serafino, Carmela Mercogliano, Valerio Vitale, Gianfranco Vallone, Patrizia Oresta
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is an inflammatory process, characterized by intestinal necrosis of variable extension, leading to perforation, generalized peritonitis and death. The classical pathogenetic theory focuses on mucosal damage related to a stress induced intestinal ischemia leading to mucosal injury and bacterial colonization of the wall. A more recent hypothesis emphasizes the role of immaturity of gastrointestinal and immune system, particularly of the premature, responsible of bowel wall vulnerability and suffering...
June 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804821/d-dimer-testing-laboratory-aspects-and-current-issues
#2
Jecko Thachil, Giuseppe Lippi, Emmanuel J Favaloro
D-dimer has become one of the commonly requested coagulation tests, especially in the venous thromboembolism rule out setting. Appropriate D-dimer testing has significantly decreased the number of radiological investigations in this clinical scenario. D-dimer testing also plays an important role in the diagnostic process of the systemic coagulation disorders, especially disseminated intravascular coagulation in conjunction with other coagulation tests. However, widespread D-dimer testing without good understanding of the technical issues related to the test has recently caused some concerns...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792416/identifying-coagulopathies-in-the-pathophysiology-of-cold-stress-syndrome-in-the-florida-manatee-trichechus-manatus-latirostris
#3
Ashley Barratclough, Bobbi J Conner, Marjory B Brooks, Alyssa Pontes Stablein, Trevor J Gerlach, Roger L Reep, Ray L Ball, Ruth Francis Floyd
Cold stress syndrome (CSS) in the Florida manatee Trichechus manatus latirostris has been defined as morbidity and mortality resulting from prolonged exposure to water temperatures <20°C. The pathophysiology is described as multifactorial, involving nutritional, immunological and metabolic disturbances; however, the exact mechanisms are unknown. We hypothesized that thromboembolic complications contribute to the pathophysiology of CSS in addition to the previously described factors. During the winter of 2014-2015, 10 Florida manatees with clinical signs of CSS were presented to Lowry Park Zoo, Tampa, FL, USA...
August 9, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783522/fatal-liver-gas-gangrene-after-biliary-surgery
#4
Yui Miyata, Hiroyuki Kashiwagi, Kazuya Koizumi, Jun Kawachi, Madoka Kudo, Shinichi Teshima, Naoko Isogai, Katsunori Miyake, Rai Shimoyama, Ryota Fukai, Hidemitsu Ogino
INTRODUCTION: Liver gas gangrene is a rare condition with a highly mortality rate. It is mostly associated with host factors, such as malignancy and immunosuppression. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 57-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with abnormalities of her serum hepato-biliary enzymes. She had a history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cerebral infarction, and chronic renal failure. She was diagnosed with bile duct cancer of the liver hilum and a left hepatectomy was carried out, with extrahepatic bile duct resection...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781792/prostate-cancer-with-disseminated-carcinomatosis-of-the-bone-marrow-two-case-reports
#5
Tasuku Hiroshige, Yoshiro Eguchi
Disseminated carcinomatosis of the bone marrow (DCBM) is caused by cancer metastasis to the bone marrow and is often accompanied by disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), with rapid clinical progression. We herein report two cases receiving treatment with combined androgen blockade (CAB) and denosumab for prostate cancer with DCBM. The patient in case 1 was an 80-year-old man who was admitted with a 3-day history of melena and was diagnosed with prostate cancer with DCBM by bone marrow biopsy. Despite receiving therapy with CAB and denosumab, the patient developed castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) with accompanying relapse of DIC and succumbed to the disease 7 months later...
August 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771780/successful-combination-therapy-of-propranolol-and-prednisolone-for-a-case-with-congenital-kasabach-merritt-syndrome
#6
Kento Mizutani, Ai Umaoka, Kenshiro Tsuda, Masato Kakeda, Koji Habe, Keiichi Yamanaka, Megumi Suyama, Hitoshi Mizutani
A male fetus was delivered by cesarean section with a large hemangioma on his right chest and thrombocytopenia. Clinically, Kasabach-Merritt syndrome (KMS) was suspected, and immediately he was treated with daily prednisolone (PSL) 1 mg/kg and recombinant thrombomodulin without response. Additional propranolol (1-3 mg/kg per day) and increased PSL 2 mg/kg per day therapy successfully controlled his disseminated intravascular coagulation and decreased the tumor size without serious side-effects. No relapse of KMS was observed after cease of PSL and propranolol...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766813/acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-associated-with-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysm-after-tooth-extraction
#7
Shunsuke Hino, Akio Takeda, Takahiro Kaneko, Norio Horie, Tetsuo Shimoyama
OBJECTIVE: To present a rare case of persistent bleeding from the tooth extraction socket in a patient with chronic disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). BACKGROUND: Acute exacerbation of chronic DIC occurs by various trigger factors. CLINICAL REPORT: The patient's chronic DIC in association with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm was activated by tooth extraction, resulting in persistent bleeding from the socket. CONCLUSION: Patients with chronic DIC may have persistent bleeding following tooth extraction...
September 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761529/severity-of-anemia-and-hemostatic-parameters-are-strong-predictors-of-outcome-in-postoperative-neurosurgical-patients
#8
Mrinalini Kotru, Satya Shiv Munjal, Deepti Mutreja, Guresh Kumar, Manmohan Singh, Tullika Seth, Hara Prasad Pati
OBJECTIVE: Post-operative neurosurgical patients are commonly associated with haemostatic derangements; many a times leading to development of overt disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and eventually death in some of them. The present study has analysed the factors that would predict the outcome in post operative neurosurgical patients with deranged haemostatic parameters. METHODS: This is a prospective, descriptive study over a period of 15 months on 115 post operative neurosurgical patients who were clinically suspected to have DIC and investigated for the haemostatic parameters...
July 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757779/symmetrical-peripheral-gangrene-in-sepsis-after-treatment-with-inotropes
#9
Jiin-Ling Jiang, Lin-Wei Tseng, Huai-Ren Chang
Symmetrical peripheral gangrene (SPG) is characterized by sudden onset of peripheral, frequently symmetrical, gangrene in the absence of major vascular occlusive disease. We report a case of four limb SPG caused by septic shock with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) that had been treated with inotropes. This case shows that SPG may be present as a complication of sepsis due to systematic derangement that affects a wide range of organ systems, including coagulation and microcirculation. Early recognition and prompt management of sepsis and optimization of the process of weaning off the inotropes at the earliest opportunity are necessary to avoid SPG...
April 2017: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756923/atractylenolide-%C3%A2-protects-against-lipopolysaccharide-induced-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-by-anti-inflammatory-and-anticoagulation-effect
#10
Xiao-Mei Tang, Zhi-Kai Liao, You-Wei Huang, Xi Lin, Liang-Cai Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether atractylenolide Ⅰ (ATL-Ⅰ) has protective effect on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in vivo and in vitro, and explore whether NF-κB signaling pathway is involved in ATL-Ⅰ treatment. METHODS: New Zealand white rabbits were injected with LPS through marginal ear vein over a period of 6 h at a rate of 600 μg/kg (10 mL/h). Similarly, in the treatment groups, 1.0, 2.0, or 5.0 mg/kg ATL-Ⅰ were given...
June 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747069/a-proposal-of-the-modification-of-japanese-society-on-thrombosis-and-hemostasis-jsth-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-dic-diagnostic-criteria-for-sepsis-associated-dic
#11
Toshiaki Iba, Marcello Di Nisio, Jecko Thachil, Hideo Wada, Hidesaku Asakura, Koichi Sato, Daizoh Saitoh
Sepsis-associated disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) carries a high risk of death. Thus, a simple tool to quickly establish DIC diagnosis is required. The purpose of this study was to introduce the simple and reliable tool for the prediction of outcome in patients with sepsis complicated by coagulopathy. We investigated the performance of simplified Japanese Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis (JSTH) DIC diagnostic criteria. In this study, we conducted a retrospective, multicenter survey in 107 general emergency and critical care centers in secondary and tertiary care hospitals...
January 1, 2017: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744699/evaluating-iowa-severe-maternal-morbidity-trends-and-maternal-risk-factors-2009-2014
#12
Brittni N Frederiksen, Catherine J Lillehoj, Debra J Kane, Dave Goodman, Kristin Rankin
Objectives To describe statewide SMM trends in Iowa from 2009 to 2014 and identify maternal characteristics associated with SMM, overall and by age group. Methods We used 2009-2014 linked Iowa birth certificate and hospital discharge data to calculate SMM based on a 25-condition definition and 24-condition definition. The 24-condition definition parallels the 25-condition definition, but excludes blood transfusions. We calculated SMM rates for all delivery hospitalizations (N = 196,788) using ICD-9-CM diagnosis and procedure codes...
July 25, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743331/-chinese-emergency-medicine-expert-consensus-on-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-sepsis-complicated-with-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation
#13
Lijun Wang, Yanfen Chai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730909/dramatic-response-of-acute-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-to-erlotinib-in-a-patient-with-lung-adenocarcinoma-with-activating-egfr-mutation
#14
Jung Soo Kim, Jeong-Seon Ryu, Sang Hoon Jeon, Hyun-Jung Kim, Hae-Seong Nam, Jae Hwa Cho, Seung Min Kwak, Hong Lyeol Lee
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a commonly encountered clinical situation characterized by thrombotic occlusion or bleeding in patients with lung cancer. DIC in patients with cancer is usually asymptomatic, taking a chronic form as a compensatory mechanism. Although acute DIC in patients with lung cancer is rarely reported, it can be fatal. We herein describe a patient with lung adenocarcinoma with an activating mutation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene who developed acute DIC after minor surgical excision...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725562/pleural-empyema-and-streptococcal-toxic-shock-syndrome-due-to-streptococcus-pyogenes-in-a-healthy-spanish-traveler-in-japan
#15
Tetsuya Sakai, Daisuke Taniyama, Saeko Takahashi, Morio Nakamura, Takashi Takahashi
Group A Streptococcus (GAS, Streptococcus pyogenes) causes invasive infections including streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS) and local infections. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a case of an invasive GAS infection with pneumonia and pleural empyema (PE) followed by STSS (disseminated intravascular coagulation [DIC] and acute renal insufficiency) in a healthy male adult. He received combined supportive therapies of PE drainage, anti-DIC agent, hemodialysis, and antimicrobials and eventually made a clinical recovery...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717074/effect-of-thrombomodulin-alfa-on-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-in-patients-with-lung-cancer
#16
Kentaro Nakano, Kumiya Sugiyama, Hideyuki Satoh, Hajime Arifuku, Takayoshi Fujimatsu, Naruo Yoshida, Hiroyoshi Watanabe, Shingo Tokita, Tomoshige Wakayama, Masamitsu Tatewaki, Ryosuke Souma, Hiroyuki Masuda, Kenya Koyama, Hirokuni Hirata, Yasutsugu Fukushima
Objective The mortality rate due to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is higher in patients with lung cancer than in those without. We examined the effect of treatment with thrombomodulin alfa (TM-α) for DIC in lung cancer patients. Methods Subjects were 57 patients with DIC (43 men, 14 women; mean age, 71.7 years), comprising 31 with lung cancer and 26 without. DIC patients with or without lung cancer did not differ significantly in their background characteristics. Results No significant difference was noted in the mortality rate between patients with lung cancer (61...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711778/the-efficacy-and-associated-bleeding-complications-of-recombinant-antithrombin-supplementation-among-intensive-care-unit-patients
#17
Hiroyuki Koami, Yuichiro Sakamoto, Ryota Sakurai, Miho Ohta, Hisashi Imahase, Mayuko Yahata, Mitsuru Umeka, Toru Miike, Futoshi Nagashima, Takashi Iwamura, Kosuke Chris Yamada, Satoshi Inoue
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and complications of recombinant antithrombin (rAT) supplementation for adult patients with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) compared with conventional plasma derived AT (pAT) treatment in the intensive care unit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed in a single national university hospital in Japan. Adult patients from April 2015 to March 2016 with DIC were divided into two groups based on the type of AT agent used: the pAT group (n=24) and the rAT group (n=21)...
July 3, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710195/marantic-endocarditis-and-paraneoplastic-pulmonary-embolism
#18
Tiago Lobo Ferreira, Rosa Alves, Tiago Judas, Maria F Delerue
Cancer is frequently associated with a hypercoagulable state. Almost 15% of patients with cancer will suffer a thromboembolic event during their clinical course. The aetiology of this hypercoagulable state is multifactorial and includes procoagulant factors associated with malignancy as well as the host's inflammatory response. Cancer-associated thrombophilia can present as venous thromboembolism, migratory superficial thrombophlebitis, arterial thrombosis, disseminated intravascular coagulation, thrombotic microangiopathy and rarely non-bacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE)...
July 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705211/streptococcal-toxic-shock-syndrome-due-to-streptococcus-dysgalactiae-subspecies-equisimilis-in-breast-cancer-related-lymphedema-a-case-report
#19
Makoto Sumazaki, Fumi Saito, Hideaki Ogata, Miho Yoshida, Yorichika Kubota, Syunsuke Magoshi, Hironori Kaneko
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer-related lymphedema often causes cellulitis and is one of the most common complications after breast cancer surgery. Streptococci are the major pathogens underlying such cellulitis. Among the streptococci, the importance of the Lancefield groups C and G is underappreciated; most cases involve Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis. Despite having a relatively weak toxicity compared with group A streptococci, Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis is associated with a mortality rate that is as high as that of group A streptococci in cases of invasive infection because Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis mainly affects elderly individuals who already have various comorbidities...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702197/usefulness-of-plasminogen-activator-inhibitor-1-as-a-predictive-marker-of-mortality-in-sepsis
#20
Kota Hoshino, Taisuke Kitamura, Yoshihiko Nakamura, Yuhei Irie, Norihiko Matsumoto, Yasumasa Kawano, Hiroyasu Ishikura
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is one of the most significant causes of mortality in intensive care units. It indicates crosstalk between inflammation and coagulation. In this study, we aimed to identify prognostic markers among sepsis biomarkers and coagulation/fibrinolysis markers. METHODS: Patients with sepsis according to the Sepsis-3 criteria were enrolled from January 2013 to September 2015. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify an independent predictive marker of 28-day mortality among sepsis biomarkers and coagulation/fibrinolysis markers on ICU admission...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
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