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Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629414/fibrinogen-deficiency-in-a-dog-a-case-report
#1
Franck Jolivet, Armelle Diquélou, Catherine Trumel, Simon Privat, Olivier Dossin
BACKGROUND: Among coagulation disorders, primary fibrinogen deficiency is very rare in dogs. It is divided into hypofibrinogenemia, afibrinogenemia and dysfibrinogenemia. Afibrinogenemia has been described in three dogs. There are, however, no published case reports of primary hypofibrinogenemia in dogs. CASE PRESENTATION: A 1.5 year-old male German Pointer dog was evaluated for a locked-jaw syndrome associated with eye protrusion which appeared after a minor head trauma...
June 19, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625259/-antithrombin-iii-for-early-diagnosis-of-dic-in-sepsis-patients-a-retrospective-analysis-with-445-patients
#2
Yanjing Xu, Ran Zhu, Yini Sun, Xin Li, Xiaochun Ma
OBJECTIVE: To investigated the role of antithrombin III (AT-III) levels in the early diagnosis of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in patients with sepsis and the predictive effect of AT-III on the development of DIC. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted. Patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University from January to December in 2015 were enrolled. The patients were divided into sepsis group and non-sepsis group according to the diagnostic criteria of sepsis...
February 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599429/disseminated-carcinomatosis-of-the-bone-marrow-with-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-as-the-first-symptom-of-recurrent-rectal-cancer-successfully-treated-with-chemotherapy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Hiroshi Takeyama, Tsutomu Sakiyama, Tomoko Wakasa, Kotaro Kitani, Keisuke Inoue, Hiroaki Kato, Shinya Ueda, Masanori Tsujie, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Masao Yukawa, Yoshio Ohta, Masatoshi Inoue
Disseminated carcinomatosis of the bone marrow (DCBM) is a condition in which bone marrow (BM) metastases diffusely invade the BM, and is frequently accompanied by disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). While prostate, lung, breast and stomach malignancies, in addition to neuroblastoma, are the most prevalent non-hematological malignancies to metastasize frequently to the BM, colorectal cancer is a malignancy that rarely metastasizes to the BM. The present case describes a 65-year-old male patient treated by resection and one course adjuvant chemotherapy for stage IIIC rectal cancer who presented with nasal bleeding at 8 months post-surgery...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596655/a-correlation-of-the-platelet-count-with-d-dimer-levels-as-an-indicator-for-component-therapy-in-children-with-dengue-hemorrhagic-fever
#4
Arthi Sridhar, B M Sunil Kumar, Aarathi Rau, A T K Rau
Dengue Fever (DF) may evolve into two life threatening forms-Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) and Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS). DHF is associated with increased vascular permeability and plasma leakage causing thrombocytopenia and loss of clotting factors into the third space and may result in bleeding initially due to thrombocytopenia and later due to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), often as a terminal event. Prompt recognition and treatment of minor bleeds in DF children with incipient DIC with component therapy may be associated with improved survival while failure to do so is usually catastrophic...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596650/role-of-plasma-fibrinogen-in-diagnosis-and-prediction-of-short-term-outcome-in-neonatal-sepsis
#5
Piyali Mitra, Debasish Guha, Shankha S Nag, Badal C Mondal, Sayantan Dasgupta
The study was carried out to determine the role of plasma fibrinogen in diagnosis of neonatal sepsis and to evaluate its role in predicting short term outcome. Sixty five neonates with clinical features suggestive of neonatal sepsis were included in this study. Seventy five neonates served as the control group. Plasma fibrinogen, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time and platelet counts were performed in all the neonates. Cut-off value of plasma fibrinogen for diagnosis of neonatal sepsis was determined with the help of receiver operating characteristic curve...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593773/-hellp-syndrome-requiring-therapeutic-plasma-exchange-due-to-progression-to-multiple-organ-dysfunction-syndrome-with-predominant-encephalopathy-respiratory-and-renal-insufficiency
#6
M Trávniková, J Gumulec, Z Kořístek, M Navrátil, M Janáč, J Pelková, P Šuráň, E Doležálková, O Šimetka
OBJECTIVE: Case report of woman with twin pregnancy complicated by HELLP syndrome which progressed to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome with predominant encephalopathy, renal and respiratory insufficiency with the need to perform repeated therapeutic plasma exchange. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of gynecology and obstetrics, University Hospital in Ostrava; Departmet of hematooncology, University Hospital in Ostrava; Department of gynecology and obstetrics, Vsetín hospital; Department of hematology and transfusion, Vsetín Hospital...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592770/dic-an-update-on-diagnosis-and-treatment
#7
Hideo Wada, Kei Hasegawa, Maki Watanabe
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) was considered to be a fatal disease. However, it has recently been suggested that very early DIC protects the host against microthrombosis and infection localization. Therefore, early treatment of DIC may be contraindicated in patients with sepsis. These factors suggest that the diagnosis and treatment of DIC will gain further importance. The Japanese Clinical Practice Guidelines for Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock 2016 (J-SSCG2016), which include details regarding the management of DIC, have been recently published...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592318/potential-survival-benefit-of-polymyxin-b-hemoperfusion-in-patients-with-septic-shock-a-propensity-matched-cohort-study
#8
Yoshihiko Nakamura, Taisuke Kitamura, Fumiaki Kiyomi, Mineji Hayakawa, Kota Hoshino, Yasumasa Kawano, Reiko Yamasaki, Takeshi Nishida, Mariko Mizunuma, Hiroyasu Ishikura
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether polymyxin B hemoperfusion (PMX-HP) improves the survival of patients with septic shock. METHODS: This was a retrospective, multicenter study conducted on patients treated during a 3-year period. We performed propensity-score analyses of the Japan Septic Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (JSEPTIC DIC) study database. The study included data on 1723 patients with septic shock aged 16 years or older...
June 7, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585847/-uterine-inversion
#9
L Mužná, R Pilka
AIM: Summarize the literature on the inversion of the uterus. DESIGN: A review article. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, SZZ Krnov, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital, Palacky University, Olomouc. METHOD: Literature review was conducted using the following key words. There were included articles published in English since 1980, from which relevant data were obtained. RESULTS: In the literature the general occurrence is broad, ranging from 1:27 000 in the UK to 1:1739 in the US, where it varies greatly according to geographic location...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583709/imported-malaria-in-pregnant-women-experienced-in-japan
#10
Mikio Kimura, Michiko Koga, Chihiro Hasegawa, Yoshikazu Mutoh, Yasuyuki Kato, Haruhiko Maruyama
INTRODUCTION: With ever-growing global exchanges, the number of travelers, including pregnant women, to the tropics is increasing, which poses a risk of contracting malaria. Although there are several reports on imported malaria in pregnancy from Western countries, those focusing on cases experienced in Japan are very limited. METHODS: We searched for cases of malaria in pregnancy in the treatment records submitted to the Research Group on Chemotherapy of Tropical Diseases, Japan, during the period 1993-2016...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565733/-how-i-treat-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation
#11
Y Hu, Y D Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565731/-consensus-of-chinese-experts-on-diagnosis-of-disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-version-2017
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2017: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552727/disseminated-intravascular-coagulation-caused-by-moojenactivase-a-procoagulant-snake-venom-metalloprotease
#13
Marco A Sartim, Gabriel N Cezarette, Anna L Jacob-Ferreira, Fabiani G Frantz, Lucia H Faccioli, Suely V Sampaio
Snake venom toxins that activate coagulation factors are key players in the process of venom-induced coagulopathy, and account for severe clinical manifestations. The present study applies a variety of biochemical, hematological, and histopathological approaches to broadly investigate the intravascular and systemic effects of moojenactivase (MooA), the first described PIIId subclass metalloprotease isolated from Bothrops sp. venom that activates coagulation factors. MooA induced consumption coagulopathy with high toxic potency, characterized by prolongation of prothrombin and activated partial thromboplastin time, consumption of fibrinogen and the plasma coagulation factors X and II, and thrombocytopenia...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551057/-postoperative-excessive-blood-loss-after-cardiac-surgery-can-be-predicted-with-international-society-on-thrombosis-and-hemostasis-scoring-system
#14
Yoon Ji Choi, Seung Zhoo Yoon, Beom Joon Joo, Jung Man Lee, Yun-Seok Jeon, Young Jin Lim, Jong Hwan Lee, Hyuk Ahn
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Prediction of postoperative excessive blood loss is useful for management of Intensive Care Unit after cardiac surgery. The aim of present study was to examine the effectiveness of International Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis scoring system in patients with cardiac surgery. METHOD: After obtaining approval from the institutional review board, the medical records of patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery using Cardio-Pulmonary Bypass between March 2010 and February 2014 were retrospectively reviewed...
May 24, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540205/clinicopathological-spectrum-of-snake-bite-induced-acute-kidney-injury-from-india
#15
Sanjay Vikrant, Ajay Jaryal, Anupam Parashar
AIM: To study the clinico-pathological spectrum of snake bite-induced acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: A retrospective study of patients admitted at Indira Gandhi Medical College Hospital, Shimla with snake bite-induced AKI from July 2003 to June 2016. Medical records were evaluated for patient's information on demographic, clinical characteristics, complications and outcome. Outcomes of duration of hospital stay, requirement for intensive care unit support, treatment with dialysis, survival and mortality were analyzed...
May 6, 2017: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539856/natural-regulatory-anticoagulants-proteins-among-sudanese-patients-with-dengue-virus-infection
#16
Bashir Abdrhman Bashir, Osman Khalaf Allah Saeed
THE COAGULATION SYSTEM: Abnormalities in natural physiologic anticoagulants are observed in dengue infection. Laboratory values such as protein C (PC), protein S (PS), and antithrombin (AT) indicate this problem on the coagulation system in dengue. Recently, an interrelationship between dengue and the levels of natural anticoagulants has been observed. OBJECTIVE: The study conducted to find out the effect of dengue on the natural anticoagulant proteins. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in Port Sudan Teaching Hospital from February 2013 to June 2014 for 334 cases of dengue caused by dengue virus, 217 (65%) males and 117 (35%) were females along with 101 cases of control 64 (63...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536812/maternal-ascites-an-independent-prognostic-factor-in-severe-preeclampsia-a-matched-cohort-study
#17
J Yavana Suriya, Anish Keepanasseril, K Manikandan, Dilip Kumar Maurya, P Veena, S Soundara Raghavan
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a multi-systemic, multi-organ dysfunction associated with increased maternal and perinatal complications. The presence of maternal ascites, a manifestation of endothelial dysfunction and increased capillary permeability, is shown to be associated with adverse outcomes. We aim to investigate the impact of maternal ascites on pregnancy outcome in women with severe preeclampsia. METHODS: A matched cohort study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital in South India between March 2014 and March 2015...
May 23, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533998/ipilimumab-as-a-cause-of-severe-pan-colitis-and-colonic-perforation
#18
Raj Shah, Danielle Witt, Talal Asif, Fahad F Mir
Ipilimumab is a human monoclonal antibody that functions as a cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) inhibitor that is used to treat malignant melanoma. Due to ipilimumab's removal of immune regulation, specifically through the inactivation of CTLA-4, it is commonly associated with inflammatory and autoimmune events. Gastrointestinal (GI) related immune-related adverse events such as diarrhea occur in 29% of patients with 7.6% of patients specifically suffering from colitis. We describe a case of colonic perforation with ipilimumab use...
April 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523571/congenital-immature-pure-erythroid-leukemia-with-e-cadherin-expression
#19
Akihiro Tamura, Suguru Uemura, Atsuro Saito, Saki Okubo, Nanako Nino, Teppei Tahara, Takehito Yokoi, Kenji Kishimoto, Toshiaki Ishida, Daiichiro Hasegawa, Keiichiro Kawasaki, Seiji Yoshimoto, Hideto Nakao, Makiko Yoshida, Yoshiyuki Kosaka
Congenital pure erythroid leukemia is exceedingly rare and poses a diagnostic challenge. We report an atypical case of congenital pure erythroid leukemia that did not express typical erythroid markers. The patient presented with a high white blood cell count with blastic cells at birth. Although flow cytometric analyses of peripheral blood and bone marrow showed a large CD45-negative cell population, we did not identify any evidence of monoclonality. While the circulating blasts decreased with only supportive care, hepatomegaly with multiple nodules was accompanied by liver failure, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and development of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514870/biomarker-profile-of-sepsis-associated-coagulopathy-using-biochip-assay-for-inflammatory-cytokines
#20
Amanda Walborn, Debra Hoppensteadt, Daneyal Syed, Michael Mosier, Jawed Fareed
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a major pathophysiological mechanism of sepsis and greatly increases the risk of death in septic patients. Disseminated intravascular coagulation is a complex physiological phenomenon that involves inappropriate activation of coagulation, inflammation, and endothelial processes. The purpose of this study was to analyze the levels of inflammatory cytokines in the plasma of patients with DIC in order to compare the measured levels with those from healthy individuals, draw correlations, and provide a basis for further biomarker panel development...
January 1, 2017: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
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