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Joseph E Tanenbaum, Vincent J Alentado, Jacob A Miller, Daniel Lubelski, Edward C Benzel, Thomas E Mroz
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Lumbar fusion is a common and costly procedure in the United States. Reimbursement for surgical procedures is increasingly tied to care quality and patient safety as part of value-based reimbursement programs. The incidence of adverse quality events among lumbar fusion patients is unknown using the definition of care quality (patient safety indicators [PSI]) utilized by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). The association between insurance status and the incidence of PSI is similarly unknown in lumbar fusion patients...
October 17, 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Fawziah Marra, Mei Chong, Mehdi Najafzadeh
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown an increasing incidence of herpes zoster (HZ) infection, which may be related to the introduction of varicella vaccination programs in children. We examined the epidemiology and treatment costs of HZ and post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN) over time in British Columbia, Canada. METHODS: The cohort consisted of all cases with HZ infection from January 1, 1997 and December 31, 2012. Incident zoster was defined as a case (ICD-9 053 or ICD-10 B02) without a previous episode of HZ or PHN in the previous 12 months...
October 20, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Nobuyuki Murakoshi, Kazutaka Aonuma
Drug treatment and/or implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantation are the most widely accepted first-line therapies for channelopathic patients who have recurrent syncope, sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT), or documented ventricular fibrillation (VF), or are survivors of cardiac arrest. In recent years, there have been significant advances in mapping techniques and ablation technology, coupled with better understanding of the mechanisms of ventricular tachyarrhythmia in channelopathies. Catheter ablation has provided important insights into the role of the Purkinje network and the right ventricular outflow tract in the initiation and perpetuation of VT/VF, and has evolved as a promising treatment modality for ventricular tachyarrhythmia even in channelopathies...
October 2016: Journal of Arrhythmia
Steven Swiryn, Michael V Orlov, David G Benditt, John P DiMarco, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Edward Karst, Fujian Qu, Mara T Slawsky, Melanie Turkel, Albert L Waldo
BACKGROUND: The RATE Registry (Registry of Atrial Tachycardia and Atrial Fibrillation Episodes) is a prospective, outcomes-oriented registry designed to document the prevalence of atrial tachycardia and/or fibrillation (AT/AF) of any duration in patients with pacemakers and implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) and evaluate associations between rigorously adjudicated AT/AF and predefined clinical events, including stroke. The appropriate clinical response to brief episodes of AT/AF remains unclear...
October 18, 2016: Circulation
Madhab Lamichhane, Joseph C Gardiner, Nicole R Bianco, Steven J Szymkiewicz, Ranjan K Thakur
PURPOSE: The wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) is generally used for short periods of sudden cardiac death (SCD) risk; circumstances may occasionally result in prolonged use (over 1 year). The aim of this study was to determine the benefits and risks of prolonged use in patients with systolic heart failure (HF). METHODS: ZOLL's post-market US database included adult patients (≥18 years) with ischemic and/or non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM, NICM) and at least 1 year of use...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
Nitin V Kolhe, Richard J Fluck, Andrew W Muirhead, Maarten W Taal
BACKGROUND: The absence of effective interventions in presence of increasing national incidence and case-fatality in acute kidney injury requiring dialysis (AKI-D) warrants a study of regional variation to explore any potential for improvement. We therefore studied regional variation in the epidemiology of AKI-D in English National Health Service over a period of 15 years. METHOD: We analysed Hospital Episode Statistics data for all patients with a diagnosis of AKI-D, using ICD-10-CM codes, in English regions between 2000 and 2015 to study temporal changes in regional incidence and case-fatality...
2016: PloS One
Thomas Sené, Olivier Lidove, Joel Sebbah, Jean-Marc Darondel, Hervé Picard, Laurent Aaron, Olivier Fain, Thierry Zenone, Dominique Joly, Philippe Charron, Jean-Marc Ziza
The incidence and predictive factors of arrhythmias and/or conduction abnormalities (ACAs) requiring cardiac device (CD) implantation are poorly characterized in Fabry disease (FD). The aim of our retrospective study was to determine the prevalence, incidence, and factors associated with ACA requiring CD implantation in a monocentric cohort of patients with confirmed FD who were followed up in a department of internal medicine and reference center for FD.Forty-nine patients (20M, 29F) were included. Nine patients (4M, 5F; 18%) had at least one episode of ACA leading to device therapy...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Martin Grett, Martin Christ, Hans-Joachim Trappe
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the incidence and risk factors for progression to pacemaker dependency or the need for cardiac resynchronization in typical patients with an implanted defibrillator with regard to an alternative implantation of a subcutaneous ICD (S-ICD). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: After retrospective analysis of 291 patients with first implantation of a transvenous single chamber ICD (VVI-ICD) from 2010-2016 and excluding those with an indication for pacemaker or lack of follow-up data, 121 patients were included and investigated with regard to the following endpoints: need for pacemaker stimulation, upgrade for cardiac resynchronization (CRT), and secondary occurrence and effectiveness of antitachycardia pacing (ATP)...
October 13, 2016: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
Deepak Dimri, Venkatashiva Reddy B, Amit Kumar Singh
Background. The pattern of skin morbidity in an area depends on climate, geography, socioeconomic status, nutrition, genetics, and habits of the community. Objective. The objective of the present study was to describe the morbidity profile of patients attending dermatology outpatient department in a tertiary care centre of Garhwal hills, North India. Methodology. This is a record based study carried out using the morbidity registers. Patient details, diagnosis, and treatment provided by physicians were documented in the morbidity register...
2016: Dermatology Research and Practice
C Bouza, T Lopez-Cuadrado, J M Amate-Blanco
BACKGROUND: Severe sepsis is a challenge for healthcare systems, and epidemiological studies are essential to assess its burden and trends. However, there is no consensus on which coding strategy should be used to reliably identify severe sepsis. This study assesses the use of explicit codes to define severe sepsis and the impacts of this on the incidence and in-hospital mortality rates. METHODS: We examined episodes of severe sepsis in adults aged ≥18 years registered in the 2006-2011 national hospital discharge database, identified in an exclusive manner by two ICD-9-CM coding strategies: (1) those assigned explicit ICD-9-CM codes (995...
October 3, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Nicholas J Rukin, Zain A Siddiqui, Edmund C P Chedgy, Bhaskar K Somani
AIMS: The study aimed to determine the current trends in urolithiasis-related admissions and associated interventions in England between 2006/2007 and 2013/2014 utilizing Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) online data. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data was extracted from the online HES data set for each year from 2006/2007 to 2013/2014 inclusive. Admissions and procedural interventions were identified from their corresponding OPCS-4 and ICD-10 codes. RESULTS: Finished consultant episodes (FCEs) for urolithiasis have increased by 20% over the last 7 years, with 93,039 FCEs in the year 2013/2014...
October 1, 2016: Urologia Internationalis
Emmanuel M Kanoupakis, John A Fanourgiakis, Hercules E Mavrakis, Eleutherios M Kallergis, Emmanuel N Simantirakis, Stavros I Crysostomakis, Ilias G Saloustros, Gregory I Chlouverakis, Panos E Vardas
PURPOSE: The aim of the current study is to disseminate long-term "real-world" data on mortality and device therapies in primary and secondary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) recipients on the island of Crete. METHODS: We analyzed data for all consecutive patients who received an ICD in our tertiary university hospital from 1993 until December 2013. Follow-up visits were performed every 6 months or more frequently when indicated. Survival status was recorded, and all stored episodes during interrogation were registered and classified as appropriate or inappropriate...
August 20, 2016: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
Javier Jiménez-Candil, Jesús Hernández, Pedro Perdiguero, Ana Martín, José Moríñigo, Loreto Bravo, Olga Durán, Pedro Luis Sánchez
Nonsustained ventricular tachycardias (NSVTs) are frequently observed in patients with left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. The prognostic implications of such NSVTs are conflicting. Our objective was to determine the relation between the burden of NSVT occurring early (within the first 6 months after ICD implant) and prognosis among ICD patients with LV dysfunction. We followed 416 ICD patients (age: 65 ± 11 years; LV ejection fraction: 30 ± 8; ischemic origin: 62%; primary prevention: 63%) with LV dysfunction for 41 ± 27 months...
August 23, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Norbert Zanker, Diane Schuster, James Gilkerson, Kenneth Stein
AIM: The aim of this study was to summarize how implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) by Boston Scientific sense, detect, discriminate rhythms, and classify episodes. METHODS: Modern devices include multiple programming selections, diagnostic features, therapy options, memory functions, and device-related history features. Device operation includes logical steps from sensing, detection, discrimination, therapy delivery to history recording. The program is designed to facilitate the application of the device algorithms to the individual patient's clinical needs...
September 2016: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
Mieczysław Szyszkowicz, Termeh Kousha, Mila Kingsbury, Ian Colman
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between ambient air pollution and emergency department (ED) visits for depression. METHODS: Health data were retrieved from the National Ambulatory Care Reporting System. ED visits for depression were retrieved from the National Ambulatory Care Reporting System using the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), Tenth revision codes; ICD-10: F32 (mild depressive episode) and ICD-10: F33 (recurrent depressive disorder)...
2016: Environmental Health Insights
Shingo Sasaki, Yoshihiro Shoji, Yuji Ishida, Takahiko Kinjo, Yuichi Tsushima, Maiko Seno, Fumie Nishizaki, Taihei Itoh, Kei Izumiyama, Takashi Yokota, Hiroaki Yokoyama, Masahiro Yamada, Daisuke Horiuchi, Masaomi Kimura, Takumi Higuma, Hirofumi Tomita, Ken Okumura
BACKGROUND: The wearable cardioverter-defibrillator (WCD) has been expected to play a role as an effective bridge therapy to implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation in patients at high risk of ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VA). Although WCD has been available since April 2014 in Japan, its usefulness remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: During the early period after hospitalization, patients at high risk of VA after excluding some elderly patients were prescribed WCD...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
Yoshihisa Naruse, Akihiko Nogami, Yasutoshi Shinoda, Yuichi Hanaki, Yasuhiro Shirai, Shinya Kowase, Kenji Kurosaki, Takeshi Machino, Kenji Kuroki, Hiro Yamasaki, Miyako Igarashi, Yukio Sekiguchi, Kazutaka Aonuma
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies showed that J waves were associated with higher incidence of ventricular tachyarrhythmia (VT/VF) in patients with idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (VF) and myocardial infarction. We sought to assess the association between J waves and VT/VF in patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM). METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively enrolled 109 patients (79 men; mean age, 60 ± 15 years) with NICM who underwent implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) implantation...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Usha Manian, Lorne J Gula
We present an overview of arrhythmia management in elderly patients as it pertains to implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy and prevention of sudden death. Treatment of arrhythmia in elderly patients is fraught with challenges pertaining to goals of care and patient frailty. With an ever increasing amount of technology available, realistic expectations of therapy need to balance quality and quantity of life. The ICD is an important treatment option for selected patients at risk of ventricular arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Nick A Heywood, Michael D Gill, Natasha Charlwood, Rachel Brindle, Cliona C Kirwan
BACKGROUND: Clinical coding data provide the basis for Hospital Episode Statistics and Healthcare Resource Group codes. High accuracy of this information is required for payment by results, allocation of health and research resources, and public health data and planning. We sought to identify the level of accuracy of clinical coding in general surgical admissions across hospitals in the Northwest of England. METHOD: Clinical coding departments identified a total of 208 emergency general surgical patients discharged between 1st March and 15th August 2013 from seven hospital trusts (median = 20, range = 16-60)...
August 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Sara Jayne Long, David Fone, Andrea Gartner, Mark A Bellis
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the risk of emergency hospital admissions for violence (EHAV) associated with demographic and socioeconomic factors in Wales between 2007/2008 and 2013/2014, and to describe the site of injury causing admission. DESIGN: Database analysis of 7 years' hospital admissions using the Patient Episode Database for Wales (PEDW). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Wales, UK, successive annual populations ∼2.8 million aged 0-74 years...
2016: BMJ Open
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