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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933280/reliability-of-objective-eye-tracking-measures-among-healthy-adolescent-athletes
#1
David R Howell, Anna N Brilliant, Christina L Master, William P Meehan
OBJECTIVE: To determine the test-retest correlation of an objective eye-tracking device among uninjured youth athletes. DESIGN: Repeated-measures study. SETTING: Sports-medicine clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Healthy youth athletes (mean age = 14.6 ± 2.2 years; 39% women) completed a brief, automated, and objective eye-tracking assessment. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: Participants completed the eye-tracking assessment at 2 different testing sessions...
June 21, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927909/self-reported-concussions-from-playing-a-sport-or-being-physically-active-among-high-school-students-united-states-2017
#2
Lara DePadilla, Gabrielle F Miller, Sherry Everett Jones, Alexis B Peterson, Matthew J Breiding
Increased susceptibility to concussions and longer recovery times among high school athletes compared with older athletes (1) make concussions among youths playing a sport or being physically active an area of concern. Short-term and long-term sequelae of concussions can include cognitive, affective, and behavioral changes (1). Surveillance methods used to monitor concussions among youths likely underestimate the prevalence. Estimates assessed from emergency departments miss concussions treated outside hospitals, those generated using high school athletic trainer reports miss concussions sustained outside of school-based sports (2), and both sources miss medically untreated concussions...
June 22, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910452/the-relative-age-effect-height-and-weight-characteristics-among-lower-and-upper-secondary-school-athletes-in-norway-and-sweden
#3
Stig Arve Sæther, Tomas Peterson, Vazjwar Matin
The relative age effect (RAE) has been found among youth elite athletes within a range of sports. However, the RAE has been studied to a lesser degree among youth non-elite athletes, and even less among school pupils attending sport specialisation programmes (SSPs). The aim of the present study was to investigate RAE, height, and weight, and compare Swedish lower secondary school and Norwegian upper secondary school pupils. Study 1 includes 156 lower secondary school athletes (95 boys and 61 girls) following an SSP in Sweden, while study 2 includes 111 upper secondary school athletes (81 boys and 30 girls) from two Norwegian schools...
December 8, 2017: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910443/effects-of-a-six-week-strength-training-programme-on-change-of-direction-performance-in-youth-team-sport-athletes
#4
Frank A Bourgeois, Paul Gamble, Nic D Gill, Mike R McGuigan
This study investigated the effects of eccentric phase-emphasis strength training (EPE) on unilateral strength and performance in 180- and 45-degree change of direction (COD) tasks in rugby union players. A 12-week cross-over design was used to compare the efficacy of resistance training executed with 3 s eccentric duration (EPE, n = 12) against conventional strength training, with no constraints on tempo (CON, n = 6). Players in each condition were categorised as 'fast' (FAST) or 'slow' (SLOW) using median trial times from baseline testing...
October 24, 2017: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910351/anthropometric-and-physical-performance-of-youth-handball-players-the-role-of-the-relative-age
#5
Alba Camacho-Cardenosa, Marta Camacho-Cardenosa, Adrián González-Custodio, Ismael Martínez-Guardado, Rafael Timón, Guillermo Olcina, Javier Brazo-Sayavera
BACKGROUND: The relative age effect is essential throughout all of the talent selection processes in sports, especially during adolescence, which leaves fewer athletes within each cohort that are born late in the selected year. The aim of the present study was to examine the role of relative age in anthropometric and physical performance characteristics of youth handball players by gender. METHODS: The sample that was selected included 47 participants (male n = 23, female n = 24)...
May 23, 2018: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910345/understanding-adolescent%C3%A2-parent-interpersonal-relationships-in-youth-sports-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
Ausra Lisinskiene, Timothy Guetterman, Saulius Sukys
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between participation in youth sport and adolescent⁻parent attachment. A mixed-method explanatory sequential study design was applied. In the first phase, 648 adolescent athletes and non-athletes completed the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment⁻Revised (IPPA⁻R). In the second phase, 15 adolescent athletes took part in semi-structured interviews. In the first, quantitative phase, three factors were predictors of adolescents’ attachment to parents and peers: trust, communication, and alienation...
May 10, 2018: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910308/links-between-adolescent-athletes-prosocial-behavior-and-relationship-with-parents-a-mixed-methods-study
#7
Aušra Lisinskienė, Marc Lochbaum
Adolescent relationships with parents are of the highest importance. The relationships likely reflect the nature of internal working models in youth sport that may well function as a psychological template during the construction of youth prosocial behavior. However, researchers' focus to date has concerned specific aspects of parental practices in child-based sporting activities. There is a lack of research covering parent-athlete interpersonal relationships concerned with how the relationships affect adolescent prosocial behavior...
January 17, 2018: Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903567/health-warning-labels-correct-parents-misperceptions-about-sugary-drink-options
#8
Alyssa J Moran, Christina A Roberto
INTRODUCTION: Noncarbonated sugar-sweetened beverages, such as fruit drinks, sports drinks, and sweetened teas are increasingly promoted to and consumed by youth. These beverages may be perceived as healthier options than soda. To educate consumers about beverages high in added sugar, several cities and states have proposed policies mandating health warning labels on sugar-sweetened beverages. METHODS: In 2015, a total of 2,381 parents were randomized to a no label, calorie label, or warning label condition...
June 11, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901414/longitudinal-clinical-and-neuroimaging-evaluation-of-symptomatic-concussion-in-10-14-year-old-youth-athletes
#9
Christine L MacDonald, Jason Barber, Jason Wright, David Coppel, Nina De Lacy, Steve Ottinger, Suzanne Peck, Chris Panks, Samantha Sun, Kody Zalewski, Nancy Temkin
This study longitudinally assessed 10-14-year-old patients with sports and recreational concussion (n=22) who remained symptomatic 3-4 weeks post-injury compared to typically developing controls (n=24). Examination by multimodal MRI and multidomain clinical outcome measures was completed at 1-month and 6-months post-injury. Concussion patients showed evidence of improvement by 6-month follow up in domains of cognitive function while measures of psychological health were less resolved with patients exhibiting sustained symptoms of depression, behavior impairment, and concussion symptoms...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898232/fireworks-related-injury-in-children
#10
M Denise Dowd
Many children are attracted to the color, noise, light, and excitement generated by fireworks. Both home and public displays of fireworks are a festive part of American culture, enjoyed on holidays, during sporting events, and on a variety of other occasions. However, fireworks pose a risk of serious injury to children and youth. Each year, thousands of children sustain major and minor injuries due to fireworks, with many resulting in permanent disability. Regulations concerning private sales and use of fireworks vary greatly from state to state, so children's exposure varies geographically...
June 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879933/sports-participation-and-psychosocial-health-a-longitudinal-observational-study-in-children
#11
Janet Moeijes, Jooske T van Busschbach, Ruud J Bosscher, Jos W R Twisk
BACKGROUND: It is well known that sports participation is positively associated with psychosocial health in children, but details about this association over time are lacking. This study aimed to explore longitudinal associations between several characteristics of sports participation and three aspects of psychosocial health (internalizing problems, externalizing problems and prosocial behaviour) in Dutch children aged 10-12 years. METHODS: Data from 695 fourth-grade primary school children were included at baseline; 10-13 months later, 487 children (response rate 70...
June 7, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878844/epidemiology-of-injury-in-elite-english-schoolboy-rugby-union-a-3-year-study-comparing-different-competitions
#12
Craig Barden, Keith Stokes
CONTEXT:   Injury risks in professional and community rugby union have been extensively described; however, less is known about injury epidemiology at the schoolboy level. OBJECTIVE:   To investigate the injury risk in English schoolboy rugby union matches, comparing an elite competition (Achieving Academic and Sporting Excellence [AASE]) with subelite matches (non-AASE). DESIGN:   Retrospective cohort study. SETTING:   Rugby union academy, consisting of 16- to 19-year-old males, based at an elite sports college in England...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876863/professional-soccer-is-associated-with-radiographic-cam-and-pincer-hip-morphology
#13
Guilherme Guadagnini Falotico, Gustavo Gonçalves Arliani, André Fukunishi Yamada, Artur da Rocha Correa Fernandes, Benno Ejnisman, Moises Cohen
PURPOSE: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome is characterized by a triad: symptoms, clinical signs and imaging findings. Some individuals, especially athletes, have only imaging alterations. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of cam and pincer morphology in professional soccer players compared with a control group of non-athletes and to investigate the association between the age at which players start playing competitive soccer more than three times per week and duration of the soccer career with the prevalence of these radiographic findings...
June 6, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865179/wave-ripples-for-change-obesity-two-year-intervention-in-high-school-soccer-players-process-evaluation-best-practices-and-youth-engagement
#14
Yu Meng, Siew Sun Wong, Melinda M Manore, Mēgan Patton-López
This paper reports the process data on program fidelity, best practices for intervention implementation, youth and coach engagement, and youth application of knowledge and skills for the two-year WAVE~Ripples for Change (WAVE) obesity prevention intervention program focused on healthy eating, physical activity, and life skills with high school (HS) soccer players aged 14⁻19 years. Internal (staff: n = 7; volunteers: n = 27) and external (youth: n = 100; coaches: n = 9) stakeholders were interviewed/ surveyed...
June 1, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863590/influence-of-maximal-strength-on-in-water-and-dry-land-performance-in-young-water-polo-players
#15
Michael Keiner, Holger Rähse, Klaus Wirth, Hagen Hartmann, Katharina Fries, G Gregory Haff
Keiner, M, Rähse, H, Wirth, K, Hartmann, H, Fries, K, and Haff, GG. Influence of maximal strength on in-water and dry-land performance in young water polo players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Water polo is a multifaceted sport that is characterized by explosive actions, including sprint swimming, jumping, throwing, and struggling against opponents. Based on these factors, maximal and speed strength may be important characteristics to develop in-water polo players. However, more research is needed to further understand the relationship between various strength characteristics and water polo performance...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851549/socioeconomic-factors-for-sports-specialization-and-injury-in-youth-athletes
#16
Neeru A Jayanthi, Daniel B Holt, Cynthia R LaBella, Lara R Dugas
BACKGROUND: The effect of socioeconomic status (SES) on rates of sports specialization and injury among youth athletes has not been described previously. HYPOTHESIS: Young athletes from lower socioeconomic status will have lower rates of sports specialization and subsequently lower risk of overuse injuries. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: Injured athletes aged 7 to 18 years were recruited from 2 hospital-based sports medicine clinics and compared with uninjured athletes presenting for sports physicals at primary care clinics between 2010 and 2013...
May 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806197/prevalence-of-youth-gambling-and-potential-influence-of-substance-use-and-other-risk-factors-across-33-european-countries-first-results-from-the-2015-espad-study
#17
Sabrina Molinaro, Elisa Benedetti, Marco Scalese, Luca Bastiani, Loredana Fortunato, Sonia Cerrai, Natale Canale, Pavla Chomynova, Zsuzsanna Elekes, Fernanda Feijão, Anastasios Fotiou, Anna Kokkevi, Ludwig Kraus, Liudmila Rupšienė, Karin Monshouwer, Alojz Nociar, Julian Strizek, Tanja Urdih Lazar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although generally prohibited by national regulations, underage gambling has become popular in Europe, with relevant cross-country prevalence variability. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of underage gambling in Europe stratified by type of game and on-line/off-line mode and to examine the association with individual and family characteristics and substance use. DESIGN: Our study used data from the 2015 ESPAD cross-sectional study, a survey using self-administered anonymous questionnaires...
May 28, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797285/parkour-as-a-donor-sport-for-athletic-development-in-youth-team-sports-insights-through-an-ecological-dynamics-lens
#18
Ben William Strafford, Pawel van der Steen, Keith Davids, Joseph Antony Stone
Analyses of talent development in sport have identified that skill can be enhanced through early and continued involvement in donor sports which share affordances (opportunities for action) with a performer's main target sport. Aligning key ideas of the Athletic Skills Model and ecological dynamics theory, we propose how the sport of parkour could provide a representative and adaptive platform for developing athletic skill (e.g. coordination, timing, balance, agility, spatial awareness and muscular strength)...
May 24, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793120/socioeconomic-status-of-parents-with-children-participating-on-youth-club-sport-teams
#19
Eric G Post, Nicole E Green, Daniel A Schaefer, Stephanie M Trigsted, M Alison Brooks, Timothy A McGuine, Andrew M Watson, David R Bell
OBJECTIVES: To describe the socioeconomic status, measured by household income and educational attainment, of parents with children participating on youth club sport teams. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Local sport events. PARTICIPANTS: 949 parents (571 female) of youth athletes between 10 and 18 years old were recruited at club team events and practices to complete an anonymous questionnaire. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: SES variables included total household income (THI) and educational attainment...
May 17, 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790057/are-youth-sport-talent-identification-and-development-systems-necessary-and-healthy
#20
Fieke Rongen, Jim McKenna, Stephen Cobley, Kevin Till
Talent identification and development systems (TIDS) are commonly used in professional sport to convert youth athletes into sporting stars of the future. Acknowledging that only a few athletes can "make it," the necessity and healthiness of TIDS have recently been questioned based on their increased professionalism, high training, and competition volumes, but limited effectiveness. In this short communication, we suggest that the key issues associated with TIDS are not due to their overall concept, but with how they are designed and implemented...
May 22, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
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