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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672683/daily-internet-time-towards-an-evidence-based-recommendation
#1
André Berchtold, Christina Akre, Yara Barrense-Dias, Grégoire Zimmermann, Joan-Carles Surís
Background: Since 2001, a recommendation of no more than 2 h per day of screen time for children 2 years of age or older was adopted in many countries. However, this recommendation was rarely examined empirically. The goal of the present study was to question this recommendation in today's connected world. Methods: We used data from the ado@internet.ch survey (spring 2012), a representative sample of 8th graders in the Canton of Vaud, Switzerland (n = 2942, 50.6% female)...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672644/the-relative-age-effect-is-larger-in-italian-soccer-top-level-youth-categories-and-smaller-in-serie-a
#2
Paolo Riccardo Brustio, Corrado Lupo, Alexandru Nicolae Ungureanu, Riccardo Frati, Alberto Rainoldi, Gennaro Boccia
The relative age effect (RAE; i.e., an asymmetry in the birth distribution) is a bias observed in sport competitions that may favour relatively older athletes in talent identification. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the presence of RAE in elite soccer players competing in the Italian championships, even considering the discriminations of younger and older Serie A players (in relation to the median age of the sample), and different positional roles (i.e., goalkeeper, defender, midfielder, forward) for each observed category...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669539/cross-sectional-associations-between-weight-related-health-behaviors-and-weight-misperception-among-u-s-adolescents-with-overweight-obesity
#3
Samantha L Hahn, Kelley A Borton, Kendrin R Sonneville
BACKGROUND: Weight misperception occurs when there is a discrepancy between one's actual and perceived weight status. Among adolescents with overweight/obesity, many believe that correcting weight misperception is imperative to inspire weight-related behavior change. However, past research has shown that adolescents with overweight/obesity who misperceive their weight status gain less weight over time compared to accurate perceivers. Therefore, our objective was to examine possible mechanisms underlying this relationship...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667867/excelling-at-youth-level-in-competitive-track-and-field-athletics-is-not-a-prerequisite-for-later-success
#4
Philip E Kearney, Philip R Hayes
Enhancing our understanding of athlete development would be valuable for coaches, parents and administrators to set realistic performance expectations and to advance youth sport policy. To this end, a database of track and field performances was examined. Records of 134,313 performances by athletes aged between 12 and 35 years in sprinting, throwing, jumping and middle distance events were analysed. Results revealed that a minority (Male, 9%; Female, 13%) of top 20 ranked senior athletes were also ranked in the top 20 at Under 13 (U13)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667530/effects-of-developmental-age-on-symptom-reporting-and-neurocognitive-performance-in-youth-after-sports-related-concussion-compared-to-control-athletes
#5
Donna L Murdaugh, Kim E Ono, Sarah O Morris, Thomas G Burns
There is increased necessity to focus research on school-aged athletes with sports-related concussion (SRC). This study assessed differences in symptom reporting and neurocognitive performance in youth athletes who sustained a sports-related concussion. A total of 1345 concussed and 3529 nonconcussed athletes (ages 8-21) completed the Immediate Post-concussive Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT). Analyses of covariance were conducted in order to assess differences in neurocognitive performance and symptom reporting between the sports-related concussion and control groups across age ranges...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655395/firearm-related-injuries-among-canadian-children-and-youth-from-2006-to-2013-a-chirpp-study
#6
Catherine M J Cox, Samuel A Stewart, Katrina F Hurley
CLINICIAN'S CAPSULE What is known about the topic? Injuries from non-powder firearms are common and potentially life-altering. The Canadian Pediatric Society urges stricter controls on non-powder guns. What did this study ask? What are the Canadian contextual trends in paediatric firearm injuries? What did this study find? In this study, the rate of paediatric firearm injuries was stable from 2006 to 2013. Eye injuries inflicted by non-powder firearms were most common. Most firearm injuries occurred through recreation and sport...
April 15, 2018: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643277/the-characteristics-of-coaches-that-verbally-or-physically-abuse-young-athletes
#7
Yutaka Yabe, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Takuya Sekiguchi, Haruki Momma, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Kaoru Kuroki, Kenji Kanazawa, Masashi Koide, Nobuyuki Itaya, Shinichiro Yoshida, Yasuhito Sogi, Toshihisa Yano, Eiji Itoi, Ryoichi Nagatomi
Verbal or physical abuse from coaches has a negative impact on young athletes. To prevent abuse against young athletes, it is important to know the characteristics of abusive coaches. This study aimed to elucidate the characteristics of coaches who commit verbal or physical abuse in youth sports teams. A cross-sectional study was conducted with coaches of youth sport teams in Miyagi prefecture, Japan (n = 1,283), using a self-reported questionnaire (response rate was 24.0%). Multivariate logistic regression models were used for analyses...
April 2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627086/acute-and-chronic-musculoskeletal-injury-in-para-sport-a-critical-review
#8
REVIEW
Yetsa A Tuakli-Wosornu, Evgeny Mashkovskiy, Taylor Ottesen, Mark Gentry, Daniel Jensen, Nick Webborn
Sport-related injury patterns among Para athletes have been described with increasing frequency. This review summarizes musculoskeletal injuries in Para athletes. Seated Para athletes sustain upper extremity injuries more commonly; ambulant Para athletes frequently sustain lower extremity injuries. The upper extremity is the most commonly injured anatomic area in all Para athletes, unlike able-bodied athletes. Advanced age and spinal cord injury may increase the risk of upper extremity injury. Injury data for recreational and youth Para athletes are sparse...
May 2018: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621121/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-effect-of-organized-physical-activity-on-free-active-play
#9
John Cairney, Rheanna Bulten, Sara King-Dowling, Kelly Arbour-Nicitopoulos
PURPOSE: The relationship between organized sport participation and positive youth development is well established. However, over-involvement in sport and organized physical activity (e.g., dance) has been identified as having a potentially negative impact. Over-scheduling and its impact on free play is one concern, given the importance of free play to overall health and development. Currently, it is not known if greater participation in organized sport has a positive or negative effect on discretionary free play in children and youth...
April 4, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620578/facilitators-and-barriers-to-the-implementation-of-isprint-a-sport-injury-prevention-program-in-junior-high-schools
#10
Sarah A Richmond, Alex Donaldson, Alison Macpherson, William Bridel, Carla van den Berg, Caroline F Finch, Brent Hagel, Carolyn A Emery
OBJECTIVES: Sport injury is the leading cause of hospitalization in Canadian youth and represents a high burden to the health care system. This study aims to describe the facilitators and barriers to implementation of a sport injury prevention program in junior high school physical education (known as iSPRINT), previously shown to reduce the risk of sport-related injury in youth (age, 11-15 years). METHODS: Focus group data were mapped onto constructs from the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR)...
March 29, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618327/overweight-adolescents-views-on-physical-activity-experiences-of-participants-in-an-internet-based-intervention-a-qualitative-study
#11
Turid Kristin Bigum Sundar, Knut Løndal, Per Lagerløv, Kari Galvin, Sølvi Helseth
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obese adolescents are reported to be less physically active than their peers. Research-based knowledge about their views may contribute to a better understanding of key factors that may foster or undermine motivation for physical activity, and provide knowledge for the future development of interventions. This paper explores experiences of physical activity among overweight adolescents, age 13-14 years, participants in Young & Active, a web-based controlled trial intervention to increase physical activity (ClinicalTrials...
April 4, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615000/measuring-sport-experiences-in-children-and-youth-to-better-understand-the-impact-of-sport-on-health-and-positive-youth-development-designing-a-brief-measure-for-population-health-surveys
#12
John Cairney, Heather J Clark, Matthew Y W Kwan, Mark Bruner, Katherine Tamminen
BACKGROUND: Despite the proliferation of studies examining youth sport participation, there are significant gaps in knowledge regarding the impact of youth sport participation on health and development. These gaps are not new, but have persisted due to limitations with how sport participation is measured. Much of the research to date has measured sport participation as binary (yes/no) or count measures. This has been especially true in survey-based research. Yet, at the same time, research has investigated youths' experiences in sport such as the influence of coaches, teammates, and parents...
April 3, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614732/determinants-of-child-health-behaviors-in-a-disadvantaged-area-from-a-community-perspective-a-participatory-needs-assessment
#13
Manou Anselma, Mai Jeanette Maidy Chinapaw, Teatske Maria Altenburg
Children from disadvantaged areas are hard to reach for interventions aimed at promoting healthy lifestyles. We conducted a participatory needs assessment, in which researchers collaborated with a community in a disadvantaged area in Amsterdam to gain an understanding of the health-related issues of children within this community. Qualitative data was collected through: three to four participatory group meetings with three groups of 9-12-year-old children ( n = 5-9 per group); nine interviews with professionals working with youth; two interviews with parents and their children; and informal meetings including 31 parents...
March 31, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599877/motivational-climate-sport-youth-scale-measurement-invariance-across-gender-and-five-different-sports
#14
Diogo Monteiro, Carla Chicau Borrego, Carlos Silva, João Moutão, Daniel Almeida Marinho, Luís Cid
The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Motivational Climate Sport Youth Scale (MCSYSp) and invariance across gender and different sports (swimming, soccer, handball, basketball, futsal). A total of 4,569 athletes (3,053 males, 1,516 females) from soccer (1,098), swimming (1,049), basketball (1,754), futsal (340), and handball (328) participated in this study, with ages between 10 and 20 years (M = 15.13; SD = 1.95). The results show that the original model (two factors/12 items) did not adjust to the data in a satisfactory way; therefore, it was necessary to change the model by removing four items (two from each factor)...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594323/beach-handball-is-safer-than-indoor-team-handball-injury-rates-during-the-2017-european-beach-handball-championships
#15
Leonard Achenbach, Oliver Loose, Lior Laver, Florian Zeman, Michael Nerlich, Peter Angele, Werner Krutsch
PURPOSE: Beach handball is a relatively new type of sports, which was derived from team handball. Medical issues such as frequency and severity of injury are yet unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the injury pattern and injury rates of this new type of sports. METHODS: This study investigated the injury incidence of 30 national teams (10 senior and 20 u-17 teams, 16 men's and 14 women's teams) participating in the 2017 European Beach Handball Championships...
March 28, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588986/young-people-with-epilepsy-have-an-increased-risk-of-eating-disorder-and-poor-quality-diet
#16
Eivind Kolstad, Marte Bjørk, Nils Erik Gilhus, Kristin Alfstad, Jocelyn Clench-Aas, Morten Lossius
Objective: To investigate whether adolescents with epilepsy are at increased risk of having self-reported eating disorder symptoms and poor quality diet compared to young people from the general population. Methods: We used data from the Health Profile for Children and Youth in Akershus Study, a cross-sectional population-based study based on a voluntary self-reported questionnaire. There were 19,995 participants (response rate 85%) aged 13-19 years; 247 (1.2%) reported a lifetime diagnosis of epilepsy...
March 2018: Epilepsia Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581181/sports-sponsorships-of-food-and-nonalcoholic-beverages
#17
Marie A Bragg, Alysa N Miller, Christina A Roberto, Rachel Sam, Vishnudas Sarda, Jennifer L Harris, Kelly D Brownell
BACKGROUND: Food and nonalcoholic beverage companies spend millions of dollars on professional sports sponsorships, yet this form of marketing is understudied. These sponsorships are valuable marketing tools but prompt concerns when unhealthy products are associated with popular sports organizations, especially those viewed by youth. METHODS: This descriptive study used Nielsen audience data to select 10 sports organizations with the most 2-17 year old viewers of 2015 televised events...
March 26, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572956/trends-in-time-loss-injuries-during-the-2011-2016-south-african-rugby-youth-weeks
#18
Nicola Sewry, Evert Verhagen, Mike Lambert, Willem van Mechelen, Jarred Marsh, Clint Readhead, Wayne Viljoen, James Brown
OBJECTIVES: Youth rugby is a popular sport in South Africa (SA) with a high injury incidence. The annual SA Rugby Youth Week tournaments attract the top age group players in the country providing a sample of players for reliable injury surveillance. The aim of the study was to analyse the changes in time-loss injury rates at the SA Rugby Youth Week tournaments between 2011 and 2016, differences between age-groups, and to investigate associated injury risk factors. METHODS: All confirmed time-loss injuries at the four age group tournaments (under-13, under-16 and two under-18) from 2011-2016 were recorded...
March 23, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572666/gambling-and-sport-implicit-association-and-explicit-intention-among-underage-youth
#19
En Li, Erika Langham, Matthew Browne, Matthew Rockloff, Hannah Thorne
This study examined whether an implicit association existed between gambling and sport among underage youth in Australia, and whether this implicit association could shape their explicit intention to gamble. A sample of 14-17 year old Australian participants completed two phases of tasks, including an implicit association test based online experiment, and a post-experiment online survey. The results supported the existence of an implicit association between gambling and sport among the participants. This implicit association became stronger when they saw sport-relevant (vs...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571863/the-new-mobile-universal-lexicon-evaluation-system-mules-a-test-of-rapid-picture-naming-for-concussion-sized-for-the-sidelines
#20
Omar Akhand, Matthew S Galetta, Lucy Cobbs, Lisena Hasanaj, Nikki Webb, Julia Drattell, Prin Amorapanth, John-Ross Rizzo, Rachel Nolan, Liliana Serrano, Janet C Rucker, Dennis Cardone, Barry D Jordan, Arlene Silverio, Steven L Galetta, Laura J Balcer
OBJECTIVE: Measures of rapid automatized naming (RAN) have been used for over 50 years to capture vision-based aspects of cognition. The Mobile Universal Lexicon Evaluation System (MULES) is a test of rapid picture naming under investigation for detection of concussion and other neurological disorders. MULES was designed as a series of 54 grouped color photographs (fruits, random objects, animals) that integrates saccades, color perception and contextual object identification. Recent changes to the MULES test have been made to improve ease of use on the athletic sidelines...
April 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
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