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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031471/gunslingers-poker-players-and-chickens-3-decision-making-under-mental-performance-pressure-in-junior-elite-athletes
#1
Beth L Parkin, Vincent Walsh
BACKGROUND: Having investigated the decision making of world class elite and subelite athletes (see Parkin and Walsh, 2017; Parkin et al., 2017), here the abilities of those at the earliest stage of entry to elite sport are examined. Junior elite athletes have undergone initial national selection and are younger than athletes examined previously (mean age 13 years). Decision making under mental pressure is explored in this sample. During performance an athlete encounters a wide array of mental pressures; these include the psychological impact of errors, negative feedback, and requirements for sustained attention in a dynamic environment (Anshel and Wells, 2000; Mellalieu et al...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031036/-the-role-of-chemotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-low-grade-gliomas
#2
R Lakomý, T Kazda, A Poprach, P Pospíšil, R Jančálek, P Šlampa
BACKGROUND: The standard postsurgical options for low-grade gliomas include watchful waiting or radiotherapy depending on the risk factors for recurrence. The use of chemotherapy for the treatment of this disease is generally controversial, although the recently published results of the first of two large randomized phase III clinical trials (RTOG 9802 a EORTC 22033-26033), focusing on the evaluation of chemotherapy for the upfront treatment of newly diagnosed low-grade gliomas, are reassuring in this respect...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031035/-controversy-in-the-postoperative-treatment-of-low-grade-gliomas
#3
T Kazda, R Lakomý, A Poprach, P Pospíšil, R Jančálek, P Šlampa
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment for low-grade gliomas remains controversial. Neurosurgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy are the main treatment options. Despite advances in oncology, there are still a lot of uncertainties, and the optimal sequences, combinations, and timings of these procedures have not yet been optimized. It is still unclear whether temozolomide can replace effective, but toxic PCV chemotherapy (procarbazine, lomustine, vincristine) and whether temozolomide can be used upfront alone instead of radiotherapy alone...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029556/wheelchair-shuttle-test-for-assessing-aerobic-fitness-in-youth-with-spina-bifida-validity-and-reliability
#4
Manon A T Bloemen, Janke F de Groot, Frank J G Backx, Joyce Benner, Cas L J J Kruitwagen, Tim Takken
Background: Testing aerobic fitness in youth is important because of expected relationships with health. Objective: The purpose of the study was to estimate the validity and reliability of the Shuttle Ride Test in youth who have spina bifida and use a wheelchair for mobility and sport. Design: Ths study is a validity and reliability study. Methods: The Shuttle Ride Test, Graded Wheelchair Propulsion Test, and skill-related fitness tests were administered to 33 participants for the validity study (age = 14...
October 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023194/factors-that-drive-youth-specialization
#5
Ajay S Padaki, Charles A Popkin, Justin L Hodgins, David Kovacevic, Thomas Sean Lynch, Christopher S Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Specialization in young athletes has been linked to overuse injuries, burnout, and decreased satisfaction. Despite continued opposition from the medical community, epidemiological studies suggest the frequency is increasing. HYPOTHESIS: Extrinsic pressures in addition to individual aspirations drive this national trend in sports specialization. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3...
October 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020061/catching-up-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-compared-to-healthy-children-before-and-after-sensorimotor-therapy
#6
Mats Niklasson, Torsten Norlander, Irene Niklasson, Peder Rasmussen
The aims of the present study were to (a) compare healthy children in terms of sensorimotor maturity to untreated children diagnosed with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and (b) compare healthy children to diagnosed children following completed treatment with sensorimotor therapy. Participants were 298 children, 196 boys and 102 girls, distributed into a Norm group of healthy children (n = 99) and a group of children diagnosed with DCD (n = 199) with a total mean age of 8.77 years (SD = 2.88). Participants in both groups were assessed on instruments aimed to detect sensorimotor deviations...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019743/injury-prevention-in-male-youth-soccer-current-practices-and-perceptions-of-practitioners-working-at-elite-english-academies
#7
Paul J Read, Pablo Jimenez, Jon L Oliver, Rhodri S Lloyd
Forty-one practitioners inclusive of physiotherapists, sports scientists and strength and conditioning coaches from the academies of elite soccer clubs in the United Kingdom completed an on-line questionnaire which examined their: (1) background information; (2) perceptions of injury occurrence and risk factors; (3) screening and return to play; and (4) approach to designing and delivering injury prevention programmes with a response rate of 55% (41/75). Contact injuries were the most common mechanism reported and players between 13-16 years of age were perceived to be at the greatest risk...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018061/association-between-mri-defined-osteoarthritis-pain-function-and-strength-3-10-years-following-knee-joint-injury-in-youth-sport
#8
Jackie L Whittaker, Clodagh M Toomey, Linda J Woodhouse, Jacob L Jaremko, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Carolyn A Emery
BACKGROUND: Youth and young adults who participate in sport have an increased risk of knee injury and subsequent osteoarthritis. Improved understanding of the relationship between structural and clinical outcomes postinjury could inform targeted osteoarthritis prevention interventions. This secondary analysis examines the association between MRI-defined osteoarthritis and self-reported and functional outcomes, 3-10 years following youth sport-related knee injury in comparison to healthy controls...
October 10, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976815/dissemination-and-implementation-strategies-of-lower-extremity-preventive-training-programs-in-youth-a-clinical-review
#9
Lindsay J DiStefano, Barnett S Frank, Hayley J Root, Darin A Padua
CONTEXT: Neuromuscular preventive training programs effectively reduce injury and improve performance in youth athletes. However, program effectiveness is directly linked to program compliance, fidelity, and dosage. Preventive training programs are not widely adopted by youth sport coaches. One way to promote widespread dissemination and compliance is to identify implementation strategies that influence program adoption and maintenance. It is unknown how previously published programs have followed the elements of an implementation framework...
October 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976054/patterns-of-sport-participation-for-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-intellectual-disability
#10
Stephanie Ryan, Jessica Fraser-Thomas, Jonathan A Weiss
BACKGROUND: Little is known about sport participation in youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The current study examined sport characteristics (frequency, diversity, positive social experiences [PSE]) for youth with ASD and intellectual disability compared to youth with intellectual disability alone and explored the personal and contextual correlates of involvement. METHOD: Parents (N = 409) completed an online survey, and multiple mediation analyses were used to examine the factors that explained the relationships between sport involvement in youth with ASD and intellectual disability...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975135/quantifying-parental-influence-on-youth-athlete-specialization-a-survey-of-athletes-parents
#11
Ajay S Padaki, Christopher S Ahmad, Justin L Hodgins, David Kovacevic, Thomas Sean Lynch, Charles A Popkin
BACKGROUND: Youth athlete specialization has been linked to decreased enjoyment, burnout, and increased injury risk, although the impact of specialization on athletic success is unknown. The extent to which parents exert extrinsic influence on this phenomenon remains unclear. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The goal of this study was to assess parental influences placed on young athletes to specialize. It was hypothesized that parents generate both direct and indirect pressures on specialized athletes...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975134/early-sport-specialization-effectiveness-and-risk-of-injury-in-professional-baseball-players
#12
Andrew Wilhelm, Changryol Choi, John Deitch
BACKGROUND: The rate of early sport specialization in professional baseball players is unknown. PURPOSE: To report the incidence and age of sport specialization in current professional baseball players and the impact of early specialization on the frequency of serious injuries sustained during the players' careers. We also queried participants about when serious injuries occurred, the players' current position on the field, and their opinions regarding the need for young athletes to specialize early to play at the professional level...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970062/consistency-and-variation-in-school-level-youth-sports-traumatic-brain-injury-policy-content
#13
Kathryn Coxe, Kelsey Hamilton, Hosea H Harvey, Joe Xiang, Marizen R Ramirez, Jingzhen Yang
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to examine the consistency and variation in content of high school written traumatic brain injury (TBI) policies in relation to the three key tenets of youth sports TBI laws. METHODS: A content analysis was conducted on written TBI policies retrieved from 71 high schools currently participating in High School Reporting Information Online. Each policy was independently analyzed by two trained coders. The number and percent of the policies reflecting the three key tenets of state youth sports TBI laws were described and compared on policy enforcement (i...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953958/effects-of-age-on-the-soccer-specific-cognitive-motor-performance-of-elite-young-soccer-players-comparison-between-objective-measurements-and-coaches-evaluation
#14
Halim Hicheur, Alan Chauvin, Steve Chassot, Xavier Chenevière, Wolfgang Taube
The cognitive-motor performance (CMP), defined here as the capacity to rapidly use sensory information and transfer it into efficient motor output, represents a major contributor to performance in almost all sports, including soccer. Here, we used a high-technology system (COGNIFOOT) which combines a visual environment simulator fully synchronized with a motion capture system. This system allowed us to measure objective real-time CMP parameters (passing accuracy/speed and response times) in a large turf-artificial grass playfield...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952880/-you-don-t-feel-the-experience-of-youth-benzodiazepine-misuse-in-ireland
#15
Kevin D Murphy, Sharon Lambert, Suzanne McCarthy, Laura J Sahm, Stephen Byrne
There are negative effects to inappropriate use of benzodiazepines, yet the percentage of young people in Ireland experimenting with benzodiazepines has increased. There is a paucity of research about why Irish young people misuse benzodiazepines. In this study, people between 18 and 25 years attending substance misuse services in the south of Ireland (N = 13) were interviewed in a semi-structured style between June 2012 and April 2013. Content analysis was performed. The main motivations for benzodiazepine misuse were to self-regulate negative emotions and to induce dissociation from their environment...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951440/a-sports-based-youth-development-program-teen-mental-health-and-physical-fitness-an-rct
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Frederick Ka Wing Ho, Lobo Hung Tak Louie, Wilfred Hing-Sang Wong, Ko Ling Chan, Agnes Tiwari, Chun Bong Chow, Walter Ho, William Wong, Meanne Chan, Eric Yu Hai Chen, Yiu Fai Cheung, Patrick Ip
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of a positive youth development (PYD)-based sports mentorship program on the physical and mental well-being of adolescents recruited in a community setting. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial in which we recruited students from 12 secondary schools in Hong Kong, China. Participants were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to an intervention or a control arm after stratification for school from October 2013 to June 2014...
October 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950680/adherence-to-the-tobacco-free-school-policy-in-rural-india
#17
Nilesh Chatterjee, Rajashree Kadam, Deepak Patil, Priyamvada Todankar
Background: In India, 267 million adults use tobacco with prevalence of 35% in rural areas and 13% among those between 15 and 24 years. With 40% of India’s population below 19 years, tobacco-free schools (TFS) can be a critical strategy for preventing tobacco-use among youth. This study examined the extent of and factors associated with complete adherence to national TFS guidelines among rural schools in the state of Maharashtra. Methods: Trained observers visited 507 rural schools to check adherence to eleven TFS criteria and conducted a cross-sectional survey of school-level indicators...
September 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949247/the-epidemiology-of-overuse-conditions-in-youth-football-and-high-school-football-players
#18
Kevin Morris, Janet Simon, Dustin R Grooms, Chad Starkey, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   High-intensity sport training at the youth level has led to increased concern for overuse conditions. Few researchers have examined overuse conditions in youth sports. OBJECTIVE:   To examine the rates, risks, and distributions of overuse conditions between youth and high school football players. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiologic study. SETTING:   Youth and high school football teams. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   The Youth Football Safety Study (YFSS) investigated youth football athletes from age 5 to 14 years...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945690/epidemiology-of-anterior-tibial-spine-fractures-in-young-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-122-cases
#19
Derek P Axibal, Justin J Mitchell, Meredith H Mayo, Jorge Chahla, Chase S Dean, Claire E Palmer, Kristen Campbell, Armando F Vidal, Jason T Rhodes
BACKGROUND: Historically, bicycle accidents were described as the most common mechanism for pediatric anterior tibial spine fractures (ATSFs). There is a paucity of current literature examining the demographic factors associated with these injuries. The purpose of this cohort study was to characterize the epidemiology of ATSFs presenting to a single tertiary referral pediatric hospital. METHODS: A consecutive cohort of 122 pediatric patients with ATSFs between 1996 and 2014 were reviewed...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943830/the-clinical-implications-of-youth-sports-concussion-laws-a-review
#20
Jeneita M Bell, Christina L Master, Michael R Lionbarger
The recent passage of state youth sports concussion laws across the country introduces clinical implications for health care professionals caring for student-athletes. Although the laws were established to provide protections for student-athletes and prevent adverse outcomes, efforts aimed at implementation have uncovered various challenges in concussion diagnosis and management. Some of the most salient issues include medical evaluation, return to play, and return to learn. For this reason, health care professionals play a pivotal role in determining the critical next steps after a student is removed from play with a suspected concussion...
2017: American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
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