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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238481/attitudes-and-counseling-practices-of-pediatricians-regarding-youth-sports-participation-and-concussion-risks
#1
Michael Fishman, Eleanor Taranto, Meryl Perlman, Kyran Quinlan, Holly J Benjamin, Lainie Friedman Ross
OBJECTIVE: To examine attitudes and practices of pediatricians toward sports-related head trauma and youth participation in tackle football and ice hockey. STUDY DESIGN: A respondent-anonymous electronic survey was distributed 3 times to members of the American Academy of Pediatrics Section of Bioethics, Council on Injury, Violence, and Poison Prevention, and Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness. RESULTS: Of 791 eligible pediatricians, 227 (29%) responded...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238205/co-ordinated-action-between-youth-care-and-sports-facilitators-and-barriers
#2
Niels Hermens, Lisanne de Langen, Kirsten T Verkooijen, Maria A Koelen
In the Netherlands, youth-care organisations and community sports clubs are collaborating to increase socially vulnerable youths' participation in sport. This is rooted in the idea that sports clubs are settings for youth development. As not much is known about co-ordinated action involving professional care organisations and community sports clubs, this study aims to generate insight into facilitators of and barriers to successful co-ordinated action between these two organisations. A cross-sectional study was conducted using in-depth semi-structured qualitative interview data...
February 26, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229575/effects-of-a-low-volume-plyometric-training-in-anaerobic-performance-of-adolescent-athletes
#3
Ari R Assunção, Martim Bottaro, Euler A Cardoso, Daiane P Dantas da Silva, Marcelo Ferraz, Carlos A Vieira, Paulo Gentil
BACKGROUND: Parameters related to the anaerobic capacity and power may be important for the performance of many sports whose skills are related to high-intensity and short- duration efforts. Although plyometric training (PT) has been widely used in the regular strength and conditioning programs of young athletes, its effects on anaerobic performance are still controversial. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of PT in anaerobic performance in young athletes...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225537/laryngeal-sensitivity-testing-in-youth-with-exercise-inducible-laryngeal-obstruction
#4
Irena Hočevar-Boltežar, Uroš Krivec, Maja Šereg-Bahar
Exercise-inducible laryngeal obstruction (EILO) has been recognized as a not rare respiratory problem in youth practicing sports. The aim of the study was to test the mechanosensitivity of the larynx, and to identify the factors affecting it in a group of youth with proven EILO. Laryngeal sensory testing was performed in 54 adolescents and young adults with EILO. Laryngeal mucosal alterations were assessed according to the Reflux Finding Score (RFS). The data concerning diseases possibly affecting the upper airway, findings of previously performed flexible videolaryngoscopy during exercise, and RFS score were compared between the participants with laryngeal hyposensitivity and those with normal sensitivity...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222582/anthropometric-and-performance-measures-to-study-talent-detection-in-youth-volleyball
#5
Giovanni Melchiorri, Valerio Viero, Tamara Triossi, Giuseppe Annino, Elvira Padua, Virginia Tancredi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this work was to study anthropometric and performance measurements in 60 young male volleyball players (YV) and 60 youth not active in the sport (YNA) to assess which of these would be more useful to study the characteristics of potential performers. METHODS: Eight measures to assess anthropometric characteristics, six performance measures and two tests for joint mobility were used. Also relative age and level of maturation were assessed. RESULTS: The anthropometric variables, relative age and level of maturation measured did not show statistically significant differences between groups...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222566/pilot-study-of-the-sub-symptom-threshold-exercise-program-sstep-for-persistent-concussion-symptoms-in-youth
#6
Sara P D Chrisman, Kathryn B Whitlock, Elissa Somers, Monique S Burton, Stanley A Herring, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Frederick P Rivara
BACKGROUND: Prior studies suggest potential benefit using monitored aerobic exercise to treat youth with persistent concussion symptoms, but these studies have been small. OBJECTIVES: To explore the safety and potential benefits of a rehabilitative exercise intervention, the Sub-symptom Threshold Exercise Program (SSTEP), for treating youth with persistent concussion symptoms >1 month. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 83 youth who participated in SSTEP, completing trajectory analysis of concussion symptoms using the symptom subscale of the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool, version 2 (SCAT-2)...
February 9, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209280/community-level-inequalities-in-concussion-education-of-youth-football-coaches
#7
Emily Kroshus, Zachary Y Kerr, Joseph G L Lee
INTRODUCTION: USA Football has made the Heads Up Football (HUF) concussion education program available for coaches of youth football players. Existing evidence about the effectiveness of the HUF coach education program is equivocal. For HUF and other programs, there is growing concern that even effective interventions can increase inequalities if there is different uptake or impact by SES or other demographic factors. Understanding how adoption is patterned along these lines is important for understanding equity issues in youth football...
February 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203217/a-comparison-of-players-and-coaches-perceptions-of-the-coach-created-motivational-climate-within-youth-soccer-teams
#8
Nina Elise Møllerløkken, Håvard Lorås, Arve Vorland Pedersen
The coach-created motivational climate within youth sports teams has been shown to be of great importance for the quality of youths' sports experiences as well as their motivation for continuing or discontinuing sport participation. While the player's perspective on motivational climates has been studied extensively, the coach's perspective has received considerably less attention. Thus, little is known about the concordance of perceptions of the motivational climate between coaches and their players, or the lack thereof...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192034/physiological-and-perceived-responses-in-different-levels-of-exergames-in-elite-athletes
#9
Louisa Ming Yan Chung, Feng Hua Sun, Chris Tsz Man Cheng
OBJECTIVE: Exergames have been suggested to increase the public's physical activity and to benefit cardiovascular health, particularly among the youth. However, not many studies compared the physiological and perceived responses between exergames and the authentic sports especially for elite athletes. This study aimed to investigate the physiological and perceived responses in different levels of Nintendo(®) Wii Fit™ U rowing exergames in one group of elite rowing athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All participants were asked to perform the authentic rowing on the indoor rowing machine on the first day and to play the rowing exergames on the second day, in three levels with 1 hour rest between levels...
February 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185460/-daratumumab-hope-for-myeloma-patients-a-challenge-for-clinical-laboratories
#10
T Jelínek, M Kořístka, Z Čermáková, R Hájek
Monoclonal antibodies represent a standard part in the treatment of oncologic patients, but their efficacy in multiple myeloma used to be unsatisfactory. Daratumumab monotherapy was approved by the American FDA in 2015, after unprecedented results were obtained in a heavily pre-treated group of patients. In 2016 daratumumab was approved in combination with lenalidomide and dexamethasone, or bortezomib and dexamethasone, for the treatment of myeloma patients who have received at least one prior therapy.The toxicity of the drug is low, and is dominated by infusion-related reactions in more or less half of patients...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181772/prediction-of-pubertal-maturation-from-anthropometric-variables-proposal-for-a-non-invasive-method
#11
Radamés M Medeiros, Ricardo F Arrais, Jenner C Azevedo, Ricardo D de Andrade, Vanessa C Pinto, Enio R Ronque, Paulo M Dantas
BACKGROUND: Identifying new perspectives for the development of methods to analyze biological maturation is a very important step for the selection of sports talent. The current study proposed a non-invasive method for evaluating the pubertal status of young males based on anthropometric variables. METHODS: Two hundred six male participants between 8 and 18 years old were evaluated, selected randomly from a school in Natal, Brazil. Seven anthropometric variables were evaluated, as recommended by ISAK, in addition to the pubertal stages being measured through analysis of genital development...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165873/overuse-physeal-injuries-in-youth-athletes
#12
Amanda Arnold, Charles A Thigpen, Paul F Beattie, Michael J Kissenberth, Ellen Shanley
CONTEXT: Despite rising awareness of the risks associated with sports participation, overuse injuries continue to increase in youth athlete populations. Physeal injuries are one type of overuse injury exclusive to pediatric populations that are often sustained during athletic practice or competition. Overuse physeal injuries are, in theory, preventable; however, little consensus has been reached surrounding the risk factors, prevention, and treatment strategies. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review summarizes the best available evidence concerning overuse physeal injuries in youth and adolescent athletes...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162913/coach-led-preventive-training-program-in-youth-soccer-players-improves-movement-technique
#13
J Luke Pryor, Hayley J Root, Lesley W Vandermark, Riana R Pryor, Jessica C Martinez, Thomas H Trojian, Craig R Denegar, Lindsay J DiStefano
: Long-term implementation of preventive training programs (PTP) in youth sport requires coach involvement. However, the optimal training of coaches to effectively implement a PTP remains unknown. It is also unknown if the benefits of PTP can be enhanced with multiple sport seasons of exposure. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the influence of prior PTP exposure on movement technique in youth soccer players after completing a coach-led PTP. DESIGN: Cluster-randomized controlled trial...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160518/physical-activity-outside-of-organised-sports-is-associated-with-functional-performance
#14
Noah Tocci, David R Howell, Dai Sugimoto, Andrea Stracciolini, Jen Morse, William P Meehan
AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine whether high levels of strenuous physical activity outside of organised sports are associated with better functional test performance. METHODS: Youth athletes (n = 445, mean = 14.2 ± 2.5 years) reported their frequency of strenuous physical activity outside of organised sports. The functional performance tests: vertical jump height, pro agility test time, estimated maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max), front plank time and postural stability were measured and compared between groups...
February 4, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155788/the-%C3%A2-picardie-en-forme%C3%A2-network-federating-regional-health-enhancing-sports-resources
#15
Thierry Weissland, Éric Passavant, Aziz Allal, Valérie Amiard, Boris Antczak, Julie Manzo
Initiated by the Regional Olympic and Sports Committee and the Regional Directorate of Youth, Sports and Social Cohesion, the “Picardie en Forme” network has been working since 2011 in favour of adults of all ages, with chronic noncommunicable or similar diseases, to encourage a gradual return to reassuring and perennial regular physical activity,. A first step consisted of organizing a care pathway based on two principles: inform general practitioners so that they can encourage their patients to be physically active by referring them to the network, develop a range of local sports by accrediting certain clubs with sports instructors who have been trained in the management of this specific population...
8, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154987/striving-for-control-lessons-learned-from-a-successful-international-type-1-diabetes-youth-challenge
#16
Olga Kordonouri, Andriani Vazeou, Mauro Scharf, Martina Würsig, Tadej Battelino
AIMS: To demonstrate whether young people with T1D using modern insulin treatment and CGM could successfully participate in extreme sport activity while maintaining good glycemic control. METHODS: The challenge took place in Crete/Greece over 4 days combining a long-distance trek of different levels of severity with final destination the summit of the White Mountains at 2080 m. Eleven participants (5/6 female/male, age 18.2 ± 1.3 years, T1D duration 7.9 ± 3...
February 2, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151062/a-content-analysis-of-physical-activity-in-tv-shows-popular-among-adolescents
#17
Megan S Gietzen, Sarah E Gollust, Jennifer A Linde, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Marla E Eisenberg
PURPOSE: Previous research has demonstrated that television has the potential to influence youth behaviors, but little evidence exists on how television depicts physical activity (PA), an important public health priority for youth. This mixed-methods study investigated depictions of television characters' participation in PA in the top 25 favorite shows ranked by a diverse sample of 2,793 adolescents. METHOD: Randomly selected episodes from each show were content-analyzed for PA incidents, reasons, and context and in relation to the gender and weight status of participating characters...
March 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149408/maximal-power-of-the-lower-limbs-of-youth-gymnasts-and-biomechanical-indicators-of-the-forward-handspring-vault-versus-the-sports-result
#18
Andrzej Kochanowicz, Kazimierz Kochanowicz, Bartłomiej Niespodziúski, Jan Mieszkowski, Piotr Aschenbrenner, Grzegorz Bielec, Mirosława Szark-Eckardt
The aim of the study was to define the relationship between maximal power of lower limbs, the biomechanics of the forward handspring vault and the score received during a gymnastics competition. The research involved 42 gymnasts aged 9-11 years competing in the Poland's Junior Championships. The study consisted of three stages: first -estimating the level of indicators of maximal power of lower limbs tested on a force plate during the countermovement jump; second - estimating the level of biomechanical indicators of the front handspring vault...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146405/the-youth-throwing-score
#19
Christopher S Ahmad, Ajay S Padaki, Manish S Noticewala, Eric C Makhni, Charles A Popkin
BACKGROUND: Epidemic levels of shoulder and elbow injuries have been reported recently in youth and adolescent baseball players. Despite the concerning frequency of these injuries, no instrument has been validated to assess upper extremity injury in this patient population. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to validate an upper extremity assessment tool specifically designed for young baseball players. We hypothesized that this tool will be both reliable and valid. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2...
February 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143794/home-sweet-home-parent-and-home-environmental-factors-in-adolescent-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#20
Laura M Bogart, Marc N Elliott, Allison J Ober, David J Klein, Jennifer Hawes-Dawson, Burton O Cowgill, Kimberly Uyeda, Mark A Schuster
OBJECTIVE: Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are key contributors to obesity among youth. We investigated associations among parental and home-related factors (parental attitudes and consumption; home availability) regarding three types of SSBs-soda, sports drinks, and fruit-flavored drinks-with consumption of each type of SSB in a general school-based sample of adolescents. METHODS: Data were collected across three school semesters, from 2009-2011. A total of 1,313 seventh-grade student-parent dyads participated...
January 28, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
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