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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299368/evaluation-of-the-prognostic-value-of-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#1
Yuchen Wang, Bashar M Attar, Harry E Fuentes, Palashkumar Jaiswal, Alfonso J Tafur
Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is increasingly common, potentially fatal cancer type globally. Platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) as a biomarker for systemic inflammation has recently been recognized as a valuable prognostic marker in multiple cancer types. The aim of the present study was to assess the prognostic value of PLR in HCC patients and determine the optimal cut-off value for risk stratification. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients with diagnosis of HCC (screened by ICD-9 code, confirmed with radiographic examination and/or biopsy) at a large public hospital during 15 years (Jan 2000 through July 2015)...
December 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249989/the-2d-4d-marker-and-different-forms-of-internet-use-disorder
#2
Marko Müller, Matthias Brand, Julia Mies, Bernd Lachmann, Rayna Yordanova Sariyska, Christian Montag
Internet use disorder (IUD) presents a growing problem worldwide. Among others, it manifests in loss of control over Internet usage and social problems due to problematic Internet use. Although IUD currently is not an official diagnosis in DSM-5 or ICD-10, mounting evidence suggests that IUD indeed could be categorized as a behavioral addiction. On a systemic neuroscientific level, IUD is well characterized and dysfunctions in the fronto-striatal-limbic loop have been observed in persons being afflicted with IUD...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220423/tpeak-tend-interval-during-therapeutic-hypothermia-can-predict-upcoming-ventricular-fibrillation-in-subjects-with-aborted-arrhythmic-sudden-cardiac-death-3-years-follow-up-results
#3
Namsik Yoon, Seo Hong, Aaron Glass, Sung Soo Kim, Min Chul Kim, Jae Yeong Cho, Ki Hong Lee, Doo Sun Sim, Hyun Ju Yoon, Kye Hun Kim, Young Joon Hong, Hyung Wook Park, Ju Han Kim, Youngkeun Ahn, Myung Jeong, Jong Chun Park, Jeong Gwan Cho
Aims: Prolonged Tpeak-Tend interval has been shown to be markers of arrhythmogenesis in various cardiac disorders. However, its dynamicity is one of the obstacles to predict fatal ventricular arrhythmia. This study investigated whether Tpeak-Tend interval during therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is associated with ventricular fibrillation (VF) inducibility and clinical arrhythmia in subjects with aborted arrhythmic sudden cardiac death (SCD). Methods and results: The study group included 31 patients (24 males, age 39...
December 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198499/markers-of-impaired-motor-and-cognitive-volition-in-parkinson-s-disease-correlates-of-dopamine-dysregulation-syndrome-impulse-control-disorder-and-dyskinesias
#4
Jared T Hinkle, Kate Perepezko, Liana S Rosenthal, Kelly A Mills, Alexander Pantelyat, Zoltan Mari, Laura Tochen, Jee Yun Bang, Medha Gudavalli, Nadine Yoritomo, Ankur Butala, Catherine C Bakker, Vanessa Johnson, Emile Moukheiber, Ted M Dawson, Gregory M Pontone
INTRODUCTION: Dopaminergic therapy in Parkinson's disease (PD) can be associated with both motoric (e.g., dyskinesias) and neuropsychiatric adverse effects. Examples of the latter include Dopamine Dysregulation Syndrome (DDS) and impulse control disorder (ICD), which are separate but related behavioral/psychiatric complications of treatment in PD. Dysregulation of volition characterizes both dyskinesias and DDS/ICD; thus, we analyzed potential disease-related correlates in a large PD cohort...
November 21, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195012/the-association-between-varicocoeles-and-vascular-disease-an-analysis-of-u-s-claims-data
#5
N N Wang, K Dallas, S Li, L Baker, M L Eisenberg
S‪tudies have suggested an association between varicocele, hypogonadism, and elevated oxidative stress markers, but no other health risks have been associated with varicoceles. ‬‬‬‬We sought to determine the association between varicocele and incident medical comorbidities. ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬‬Using the Truven Health MarketScan® claims database from 2001 to 2009, we identified 4459 men with varicoceles, and 100,066 controls based on ICD-9 and CPT codes, with an average follow-up of 3...
December 1, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182613/assessment-of-type-1-and-type-3-deiodinase-expression-levels-in-depressive-disorders
#6
Elżbieta Gałecka, Anna Kumor-Kisielewska, Agata Orzechowska, Michael Maes, Paweł Górski, Janusz Szemraj
A depressive disorder is a disease characterized by a heterogenous background. The important processes observed and diagnosed in depressed patients indicate that the etiology of depression may include disturbances in thyroid hormone (TH) levels and the occurrence of immune-inflammatory activation. Type 1 (DIO1) and type 3 (DIO3) iodothyronine deiodinases are the enzymes which determine the peripheral and tissue levels of TH, but also interfere with immunological cells and inflammatory processes. We aimed to investigate the levels of DIO1 and DIO3 in the patients suffering from recurrent depressive disorders (rDD)...
2017: Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180267/cardiac-arrest-and-brugada-syndrome-is-drug-induced-type-1-ecg-pattern-always-a-marker-of-low-risk
#7
Pietro Delise, Giuseppe Allocca, Nadir Sitta, Federico Migliore, Federica Dagradi, Carla Spazzolini, Luigi Sciarra, Valeria Carinci, Domenico Corrado, Leonardo Calò, Peter J Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Patients diagnosed as affected by Brugada syndrome (BrS) on the basis of a drug-induced type 1 ECG pattern (type1) are regarded as at low risk for cardiac arrest. We tested whether this assumption matches reality. METHODS: The study population included 26 patients from our group and 217 patients from three studies published between 2002 and 2013, all of them with aborted cardiac arrest (ACA) and in whom a previously unrecognized type1 (spontaneous or drug-induced) was discovered after the event, thus leading to the diagnosis of BrS...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175313/relevance-of-the-chaperone-like-protein-calreticulin-for-the-biological-behavior-and-clinical-outcome-of-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Jitka Fucikova, Lenka Kasikova, Iva Truxova, Jan Laco, Petr Skapa, Ales Ryska, Radek Spisek
The death of cancer cells can be categorized as either immunogenic (ICD) or nonimmunogenic, depending on the initiating stimulus. The immunogenic processes of immunogenic cell death are mainly mediated by damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), which include surface exposure of calreticulin (CRT), secretion of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), release of non-histone chromatin protein high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) and the production of type I interferons (IFNs). DAMPs are recognized by various receptors that are expressed by antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and potentiate the presentation of tumor antigens to T lymphocytes...
November 22, 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173415/sudden-cardiac-death-lessons-learned-from-cardiac-implantable-rhythm-devices
#9
REVIEW
Pasquale Santangeli, Andrew E Epstein
Trials have demonstrated that implantable-cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are effective in preventing sudden cardiac death (SCD). The degree of left ventricular dysfunction is the only parameter to identify primary prevention populations at higher risk of SCD in which ICDs may reduce longitudinal mortality risk. Clinical application of current stratification approaches based on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) alone has failed to prevent most SCD in the general population. This lack of specificity has resulted in a significant number of potentially unnecessary ICDs...
December 2017: Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141483/red-blood-cell-distribution-width-as-a-marker-of-cerebral-infarction-in-hemodialysis-patients
#10
Liyi Mo, Yuanhan Chen, Zhilian Li, Lixia Xu, Wei Dong, Li Zhang, Huaban Liang, Ruizhao Li, Yiming Tao, Wei Shi, Xinling Liang
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a cardiovascular biomarker. We evaluated the association between RDW and cerebral stroke risk in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: A cohort of 442 adult patients on hemodialysis was studied. Strokes were defined according to ICD-10 diagnosis codes. Routine complete blood counts, evaluated every 3-6 months, were used for RDW values. RESULTS: Among 442 hemodialysis patients, during the 50-month follow-up, there were 62 cases (14...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127240/the-association-of-severe-hypoglycemia-with-incident-cardiovascular-events-and-mortality-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#11
Alexandra K Lee, Bethany Warren, Clare J Lee, John W McEvoy, Kunihiro Matsushita, Elbert S Huang, A Richey Sharrett, Josef Coresh, Elizabeth Selvin
OBJECTIVE: There is suggestive evidence linking hypoglycemia with cardiovascular disease, but few data have been collected in a community-based setting. Information is lacking on individual cardiovascular outcomes and cause-specific mortality. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort analysis of 1,209 participants with diagnosed diabetes from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study (analytic baseline, 1996-1998). Severe hypoglycemic episodes were identified using first position ICD-9 codes from hospitalizations, emergency department visits, and ambulance calls through 2013...
January 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108228/cbp501-induces-immunogenic-tumor-cell-death-and-cd8-t-cell-infiltration-into-tumors-in-combination-with-platinum-and-increases-the-efficacy-of-immune-checkpoint-inhibitors-against-tumors-in-mice
#12
Keiichi Sakakibara, Takuji Sato, Donald W Kufe, Daniel D VonHoff, Takumi Kawabe
CBP501, a calmodulin-binding peptide, is an anti-cancer drug candidate and functions as an enhancer of platinum uptake into cancer cells. Here we show that CBP501 promotes immunogenic cell death (ICD) in combination with platinum agents. CBP501 enhanced a clinically relevant low dose of cisplatin (CDDP) in vitro as evidenced by upregulation of ICD markers, including cell surface calreticulin exposure and release of high-mobility group protein box-1. Synergistic induction of ICD by CDDP plus CBP501 as compared to CDDP alone was confirmed in the well-established vaccination assay...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099778/upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-children-a-tertiary-united-kingdom-children-s-hospital-experience
#13
Omar Nasher, David Devadason, Richard J Stewart
The aim of this study was to review the aetiology, presentation and management of these patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) at a tertiary children's unit in the United Kingdom. This was a retrospective single-institution study on children (<16 years) who presented with acute UGIB over a period of 5 years using known International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes. A total of 32 children (17 males, 15 females) were identified with a total median age at presentation of 5.5 years. The majority (24/32) of patients presented as an emergency...
November 3, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028592/elevation-of-plasma-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-ngal-levels-in-schizophrenia-patients
#14
Li Wei, Yupeng Du, Wei Wu, Xuyan Fu, Qi Xia
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric diseases are usually accompanied by immune dysregulation and activation of the inflammatory response system. However, the characteristics of immunoinflammatory markers in psychiatric diseases are not well defined. METHODS: Seventy-three patients with psychiatric diseases were divided into four groups, including a schizophrenia group, an anxiety disorder group, a unipolar depression group, and a bipolar disorder group, according to the ICD-10 and DSM-IV codes...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027377/contribution-of-extracellular-matrix-and-signal-mechanotransduction-to-epithelial-cell-damage-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-a-proteomic-study
#15
Manuela Moriggi, Luca Pastorelli, Enrica Torretta, Gian Eugenio Tontini, Daniele Capitanio, Stefano Ferrero Bogetto, Maurizio Vecchi, Cecilia Gelfi
This study utilized 2D-DIGE, isotope-coded protein labelling (ICPL) and biochemical assays to characterize protein alteration in Ulcerative Colitis (UC) and Crohn's Disease (CD) in human epithelial cell and mucosal biopsies in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)-affected patients. The aim of this study is to identify the key molecular signatures involved in epithelial cell structure of IBDs. In non-inflamed UC (QUC) keratins, vimentin and FAK increased, whereas vinculin and de-tyrosinated α-tubulin decreased; inflammation (IUC) exacerbated molecular changes, being COL6A1, tenascin-C and vimentin increased...
October 13, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965260/the-t-peak-to-t-end-interval-a-novel-ecg-marker-for-ventricular-arrhythmia-and-appropriate-icd-therapy-in-patients-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#16
Leon Dinshaw, Julia Münch, Jannis Dickow, Susanne Lezius, Stephan Willems, Boris A Hoffmann, Monica Patten
INTRODUCTION: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is associated with an increased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) primarily due to ventricular arrhythmia (VA). In patients (pts.) with a high risk of SCD, the implantation of an intracardiac cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is thus indicated. Previous studies suggest that a prolonged interval between the peak and the end of the T wave, T-peak to T-end (TpTe), is associated with an elevated risk of VA and SCD in various clinical settings...
September 30, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957382/combining-ldl-c-and-hdl-c-to-predict-survival-in-late-life-the-inchianti-study
#17
Giovanni Zuliani, Stefano Volpato, Marco Dugo, Giovanni B Vigna, Mario Luca Morieri, Marcello Maggio, Antonio Cherubini, Stefania Bandinelli, Jack M Guralnik, Luigi Ferrucci
BACKGROUND: While the relationship between total cholesterol (TC) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) progressively weakens with aging, several studies have shown that low TC is associated with increased mortality in older individuals. However, the possible additive/synergic contribution of the two most important cholesterol rich fractions (LDL-C and HDL-C) to mortality risk has not been previously investigated. Our study aimed to investigate the relationship between baseline LDL-C and HDL-C, both separately and combined, and 9-years mortality in a sample of community dwelling older individuals from the InCHIANTI study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918474/induction-of-immunogenic-cell-death-in-lymphoma-cells-by-wharton-s-jelly-mesenchymal-stem-cell-conditioned-medium
#18
Daniel Hao Lin, Arijit Biswas, Mahesh Choolani, Chui-Yee Fong, Ariff Bongso
Strategies that induce immunogenic cell death (ICD) or downregulate CD47 or PD-L1 expression have resulted in successful therapeutic options for tumor eradication. Several groups have reported the tumoricidal effects of human umbilical cord Wharton's jelly stem cells (hWJSCs) or its conditioned medium (hWJSC-CM) on certain cancers but the mechanisms have not been elucidated. Since hWJSCs possess immunomodulatory properties, we investigated whether one of the tumoricidal mechanisms was via ICD. We first concentrated hWJSC-CM into a 3 kDa concentrate and then exposed various concentrations of this concentrate to human lymphoma cells to find out which concentration had the greatest tumoricidal effect...
September 16, 2017: Stem Cell Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874288/atrial-fibrillation-utility-of-chads2-and-cha2ds2-vasc-scores-as-predictors-of-readmission-mortality-and-resource-utilization
#19
Sopan Lahewala, Shilpkumar Arora, Prashant Patel, Varun Kumar, Nirali Patel, Byomesh Tripathi, Nilay Patel, Kamala Ramya Kallur, Harshil Shah, Amer Syed, Umesh Gidwani, Juan F Viles-Gonzalez, Abhishek Deshmukh
BACKGROUND: CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores are widely used for thromboembolic risk assessment in Atrial Fibrillation(AF) cohort, however further utilization to predict outcomes is understudied. METHOD: HCUP's National Readmission Data(NRD) 2013 was queried for AF admissions using ICD-9-CM code 427.31 in principal diagnosis field. Patients with mitral valve disease or repair/or replacement were excluded to estimate population with non-valvular AF only. CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc were calculated for each patient...
October 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871362/electrocardiographic-markers-of-appropriate-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-therapy-in-young-people-with-congenital-heart-diseases
#20
Dunia Bárbara Benítez Ramos, Michel Cabrera Ortega, Jesús Castro Hevia, Margarita Dorantes Sánchez, Ailema Amelia Alemán Fernández, Osmin Castañeda Chirino, Marlenis Cruz Cardentey, Frank Martínez López, Roylan Falcón Rodríguez
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) are increasingly utilized in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). Prediction of the occurrence of shocks is important if improved patient selection is desired. The electrocardiogram (ECG) has been the first-line tool predicting the risk of sudden death, but data in CHD patients are lacking. We aim to evaluate the predictive value of electrocardiographic markers of appropriate therapy of ICD in young people with CHD. We conducted a prospective, longitudinal study, in twenty-six CHD patients (mean age 24...
December 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
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