keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Emergency pain management

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932439/management-of-splenic-ectopic-pregnancy-presenting-with-massive-haemoperitoneum
#1
Alissa Greenbaum, Richard Miskimins, Brittany Coffman, Jasmeet Paul
Abdominal ectopic pregnancy (EP) accounts for only 1.3% of EPs and occurs when a fertilised ovum implants in an extrapelvic peritoneal location. Primary splenic pregnancy is a rare type of abdominal EP, with only 16 cases previously reported in the literature. Early diagnosis is essential as delay in treatment carries significant potential for morbidity and mortality. We present the case of a 27-year-old woman presenting with left upper quadrant abdominal pain, elevated human chorionic gonadotropin levels, absence of intrauterine gestational sac and massive haemoperitoneum on transvaginal ultrasound...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930855/diagnosis-and-management-of-ovarian-vein-thrombosis-in-a-healthy-individual-a-case-report-and-a-literature-review
#2
Namratha Kodali, Irina Veytsman, Sabrina Martyr, Kit Lu
Ovarian vein thrombosis (OVT) is a rare condition most often seen in the immediate post-partum period. We report a 40-year-old woman with no significant past medical or surgical history who presented to the emergency room for acute right lower quadrant pain of one day duration. A computed tomography (CT) scan showed a normal appendix but a new finding of right ovarian venous thrombosis. To date, only nine cases of idiopathic OVT have been reported. In this case report, we report a summary of these cases and review of literature regarding management of OVT...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927257/unusual-diagnosis-in-a-patient-with-minor-ankle-trauma
#3
Zoë Piggott, Donna Clark
We present the case of a 23 year-old male who sustained an anterior tibial artery pseudoaneurysm after an apparently innocuous soccer injury. The patient presented with sudden onset severe pain and swelling one week after the injury. The diagnosis was made using duplex ultrasound, and confirmed with CT angiography. Definitive management consisted of endovascular platinum microcoiling. One year later, the patient is asymptomatic and remains active. A review of the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of arterial pseudoaneurysm is presented...
December 8, 2016: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925670/limited-abdominal-sonography-for-evaluation-of-children-with-right-lower-quadrant-pain
#4
Martha M Munden, Shannon Wai, Michael C DiStefano, Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a complete abdominal sonographic examination is necessary in the evaluation of children with right lower quadrant pain that is suspicious for appendicitis in the emergency department and whether performing a limited, more-focused study would miss clinically important disease. METHODS: With Institutional Review Board approval, a retrospective study was performed of 704 patients, from ages 5-19 years, presenting to the emergency department with right lower quadrant pain that was suspicious for appendicitis who underwent a complete abdominal sonographic examination...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923204/case-report-of-the-surgical-management-of-small-bowel-and-colonic-ischaemia-associated-with-anorexia-nervosa-binge-purge-subtype
#5
Ann T Foran, Cillian Clancy, Tom F Gorey
INTRODUCTION: Anorexia Nervosa affects up to 1% of the population and can present with binge/purge episodes. A paucity of literature exists regarding small bowel and colonic ischaemia relating to this common condition. We report our own experience and management of a patient with anorexia nervosa binge/purge subtype with small bowel and colon ischaemia and review existing cases in the literature. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 32year old female self-presented to the emergency department complaining of abdominal pain, abdominal distension and vomiting on a background history of binge/purge subtype eating disorder, following consumption of a large amount of carbohydrates...
August 25, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920243/between-the-flags-implementing-a-safety-net-system-at-scale-to-recognise-and-manage-deteriorating-patients-in-the-new-south-wales-public-health-system
#6
Charles Pain, Malcolm Green, Colette Duff, Deborah Hyland, Annette Pantle, Kimberley Fitzpatrick, Cliff Hughes
QUALITY PROBLEM: In 2005, the Clinical Excellence Commission (CEC) found that unrecognised patient deterioration remained an important problem in New South Wales (NSW) public hospitals. INITIAL ASSESSMENT: The challenge was to design and implement an effective and sustainable safety-net system in all 225 NSW public hospitals. DESIGNING A SOLUTION: The CEC's system was designed in collaboration with a broad coalition of partners, including clinicians, managers, system administrators and collaborating agencies...
December 4, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919449/nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-may-affect-cytokine-response-and-benefit-healing-of-combat-related-extremity-wounds
#7
Felipe A Lisboa, Matthew J Bradley, Matthew T Hueman, Seth A Schobel, Beverly J Gaucher, Edda L Styrmisdottir, Benjamin K Potter, Jonathan A Forsberg, Eric A Elster
BACKGROUND: After adequate operative debridement and antimicrobial therapies, combat-related extremity wounds that either heal or fail are both associated with a distinct inflammatory response. Short-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in postoperative pain management may affect this response and, by consequence, the healing potential of these wounds. We investigated whether patients treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs had a distinct inflammatory response; different rates of critical colonization, defined as >10(5) colony forming units on quantitative bacteriology; and healing potential...
December 2, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919369/informing-the-development-of-an-internet-based-chronic-pain-self-management-program
#8
Amédé Gogovor, Regina Visca, Claudine Auger, Lucie Bouvrette-Leblanc, Iphigenia Symeonidis, Lise Poissant, Mark A Ware, Yoram Shir, Natacha Viens, Sara Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Self-management can optimize health outcomes for individuals with chronic pain (CP), an increasing fiscal and social burden in Canada. However, self-management is rarely integrated into the regular care (team activities and medical treatment) patients receive. Health information technology offers an opportunity to provide regular monitoring and exchange of information between patient and care team. OBJECTIVE: To identify information needs and gaps in chronic pain management as well as technology features to inform the development of an Internet-based self-management program...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914655/crohn-s-disease
#9
REVIEW
Joana Torres, Saurabh Mehandru, Jean-Frédéric Colombel, Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet
Crohn's disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract, with increasing incidence worldwide. Crohn's disease might result from a complex interplay between genetic susceptibility, environmental factors, and altered gut microbiota, leading to dysregulated innate and adaptive immune responses. The typical clinical scenario is a young patient presenting with abdominal pain, chronic diarrhoea, weight loss, and fatigue. Assessment of disease extent and of prognostic factors for complications is paramount to guide therapeutic decisions...
November 30, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913981/the-challenges-of-anaesthesia-and-pain-relief-in-hip-fracture-care
#10
Rachel Cowan, Jun Hao Lim, Terence Ong, Ashok Kumar, Opinder Sahota
The care of the older person with hip fracture is complicated by their comorbid condition, limited physiological reserve, cognitive impairment and frailty. Two aspects of hip fracture management that have received considerable attention are how best to manage the pain associated with it and the ideal mode of anaesthesia. Existing literature has reported on the suboptimal treatment of pain in this orthogeriatric cohort. With recent advancements in medical care, a number of options have emerged as alternatives to conservative systemic analgesia...
December 3, 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913565/a-24-year-old-male-with-a-painful-and-cold-lower-extremity
#11
Eric A Robinson, Zain I Khalpey, Rajesh Janardhanan
CLINICAL INTRODUCTION: A 24-year-old male presented to the emergency department with intense pain in his right lower extremity. He has a medical history significant for systemic lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid syndrome. He also had four prior episodes of deep venous thromboses on rivaroxaban. The patient stated that early in the morning, he started to feel intense pain that started from his knee and progressed to his calf, with associated numbness and paraesthesia. On physical examination, the limb felt cold with absent right popliteal and dorsalis pedis pulses...
December 2, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913538/sickle-cell-disease-when-and-how-to-transfuse
#12
Jo Howard
Blood transfusion remains an important therapeutic intervention in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD), aiming to both increase the oxygen carrying capacity of blood and to reduce the complications of vaso-occlusion. Simple, manual exchange and automated exchange can be effective in reducing the acute and chronic complications of SCD, and the advantages and disadvantages of each methodology mean they all have a role in different situations. Evidence for the role of emergency transfusion in the management of the acute complications of SCD, including acute pain and acute chest syndrome, comes from observational data...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907964/critical-care-neurology-perspective-on-delirium
#13
Matthew B Maas, Andrew M Naidech
The evidence linking delirium to poor outcomes after critical illness is compelling, including higher mortality, prolonged mechanical ventilation, longer length of intensive care unit stay, and long-term cognitive impairments. The attitude toward delirium in the neurologic community is shifting away from viewing it as an unmodifiable, inevitable consequence of severe illness to treating it is as a neurologic emergency, akin to seizures or encephalitis. Delirium, like other manifestations of critical illness encephalopathy, is an organ dysfunction syndrome...
December 2016: Seminars in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905910/is-standardized-care-feasible-in-the-emergency-setting-a-case-matched-analysis-of-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#14
Fabian Grass, Matthieu Cachemaille, Catherine Blanc, Nicolas Fournier, Nermin Halkic, Nicolas Demartines, Martin Hübner
BACKGROUND: Immediate laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the accepted standard for the treatment of acute cholecystitis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the feasibility of a standardized approach with tailored care maps for pre- and postoperative care by comparing pain, nausea and patient satisfaction after elective and emergent laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: From January 2014 until April 2015, data on pain and nausea management were prospectively recorded for all elective and emergency procedures in the department of visceral surgery...
December 1, 2016: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904860/interventional-therapy-for-pancreatic-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Jianwei Zhu, Zhendong Jin
BACKGROUND: Palliative therapy and primarily chemoradiotherapy are the mainstream treatments in patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer (PC). Conventional endoscopy and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided interventional therapy has emerged as an important procedure for PC management. In this review, the progress in conventional endoscopy and EUS for PC management is discussed. SUMMARY: For local palliative therapy against PC, EUS-guided fine needle injection (FNI) could deliver different kinds of agents, such as radioactive seeds and fiducials...
October 2016: Gastrointestinal Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904260/sonographic-identification-of-peripheral-nerves-in-the-forearm
#16
Saundra A Jackson, Charlotte Derr, Anthony De Lucia, Marvin Harris, Zuheily Closser, Branko Miladinovic, Rahul Mhaskar, Theresa Jorgensen, Lori Green
BACKGROUND: With the growing utilization of ultrasonography in emergency medicine combined with the concern over adequate pain management in the emergency department (ED), ultrasound guidance for peripheral nerve blockade in ED is an area of increasing interest. The medical literature has multiple reports supporting the use of ultrasound guidance in peripheral nerve blocks. However, to perform a peripheral nerve block, one must first be able to reliably identify the specific nerve before the procedure...
October 2016: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903774/-they-shouldn-t-be-coming-to-the-ed-should-they-a-descriptive-service-evaluation-of-why-patients-with-palliative-care-needs-present-to-the-emergency-department
#17
Emilie Green, Sarah Ward, Will Brierley, Ben Riley, Henna Sattar, Tim Harris
BACKGROUND: Patients with palliative care needs frequently attend the emergency department (ED). There is no international agreement on which patients are best cared for in the ED, compared to the primary care setting or direct admission to the hospital. This article presents the quantitative phase of a mixed-methods service evaluation, exploring the reasons why patients with palliative care needs present to the ED. METHODS: This is a single-center, observational study including all patients under the care of a specialist palliative care team who presented to the ED over a 10-week period...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902848/topiramate-in-migraine-prevention-a-2016-perspective
#18
Stephen D Silberstein
BACKGROUND: In evidence-based guidelines published in 2000, topiramate was a third-tier migraine preventive with no scientific evidence of efficacy; recommendation for its use reflected consensus opinion and clinical experience. Its neurostabilizing activity, coupled with its favorable weight profile, made topiramate an attractive alternative to other migraine preventives that caused weight gain. When guidelines for migraine prevention in episodic migraine were published in 2012, topiramate was included as a first-line option based on double-blind, randomized controlled trials involving nearly 3000 patients...
November 30, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902667/managing-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-in-the-emergency-department-observation-unit
#19
Shabana Yusuf, Joseph L Hagan, Aderonke O Adenkule-Ojo
BACKGROUND: Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are a common reason for presentation to the emergency department (ED) and account for 3% of ED visits. Patients with a diagnosis of cellulitis requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotics have traditionally been admitted to the hospital. In our institution, these patients are placed in the ED Observation Unit (EDOU) for IV antibiotics. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to determine if 3 doses of IV antibiotics are adequate to document clinical improvement in children with uncomplicated SSTI...
November 29, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900277/incidentally-diagnosed-multiple-vascular-lesions-of-the-spleen-littoral-cell-angioma-or-hemangioma
#20
Emrah Aydin
Vascular lesions of the solid abdominal viscera may pose diagnostic and management issues. A 16-year old girl admitted to emergency department due to recurrent abdominal pain and diagnosed to have multiple vascular malformations of the spleen on imaging investigations. Littoral cell angioma was preoperative suspicion owing to no response of the vascular lesion to the propranolol. It turned out to be cavernous hemangioma on histopathology.
November 2016: APSP Journal of Case Reports
keyword
keyword
120320
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"