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Postovulatory follicle

Xin Lin, Xingting Liu, Yanfen Ma, Yuling Mi, Weidong Zeng, Jian Li, Caiqiao Zhang
After ovulation in mammals, rupture of mature follicles is reorganized into the corpus luteum that secrets progesterone (P4 ) to stimulate endometrial development. The situation in birds differs considerably. Beyond ovulation the ruptured avian follicle forms a postovulatory follicle (POF) that is not considered analogous to mammalian corpus luteum. The function and regression mechanisms of avian POFs remain poorly understood. Here we investigated the changes in apoptotic and autophagic activities that were involved during POF degradation...
April 29, 2018: Aging
Laíza Maria de Jesus-Silva, Pricila Viana de Oliveira, Cristiéle da Silva Ribeiro, Alexandre Ninhaus-Silveira, Rosicleire Veríssimo-Silveira
SummaryThis study aimed to understand how germ cell development occurs in females of Devario aequipinnatus, by morphologically describing oogenesis and the reproductive phases. Sexually mature females of D. aequipinnatus (n = 70) were obtained from commercial fisheries and delivered to the Laboratório de Ictiologia Neotropical, UNESP, Ilha Solteira, SP, Brazil. The ovaries were removed, fragmented and fixed following the usual techniques for light microscopy. The stages of ovarian development in D. aequipinnatus begin with the oogonia, which proliferate into new cells or differentiate into prophasic oocytes that, at the end of this process, form the ovarian follicle and end folliculogenesis...
April 2, 2018: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
Carla Tatone, Giovanna Di Emidio, Arcangelo Barbonetti, Gaspare Carta, Alberto M Luciano, Stefano Falone, Fernanda Amicarelli
BACKGROUND: Sirtuins (SIRT1-7) are a family of NAD+-dependent deacetylases that catalyze post-translational modifications of proteins. Together, they respond to metabolic challenges, inflammatory signals or hypoxic/oxidative stress, and are associated with aging and longevity. The role of Sirtuins in the regulation of fertility emerged in 2003 when a defective reproductive phenotype was observed in SIRT1-null mice. Although studies on Sirtuins in reproductive biology have been increasing in the last years, a recent comprehensive update on this issue is still lacking...
May 1, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
Anna Hrabia, Joanna K Socha, Andrzej Sechman
The study was undertaken to examine mRNA expression and localization of selected matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs), and the activity of MMPs in chicken postovulatory follicles (POFs) during their apoptotic regression. Apoptotic cells and apoptosis-related caspase expression and activity were examined as well. Chickens were sacrificed 2 h and 21 h after ovulation, and five POFs (POF1 to POF5) were isolated from the ovaries. It was found that the number of apoptotic cells (TUNEL-positive) increased along with follicle regression...
May 1, 2018: General and Comparative Endocrinology
H-Y Chang, C-L Sun, S-Z Yeh, Y-J Chang, N-J Su, G DiNardo
Length and mass data for 1260 (536 females, 683 males, 41 sex unknown) striped marlin Kajikia audax were collected at the fish markets of Tungkang, Singkang and Nanfangao from July 2004 to September 2010. Of these samples, 534 gonads (236 females and 298 males) ranging from 95 to 206 cm in eye-to-fork length (LEF ) and 8 to 88 kg in round mass (MR ), were collected. Chi-square tests indicated sex ratios were homogeneous among months in 2004 and 2006-2008, but not in 2005, 2009 and 2010; and there were significant differences in sex ratio by size...
January 2018: Journal of Fish Biology
Harry J Grier, Carole L Neidig, Irani Quagio-Grassiotto
The common snook, Centropomus undecimalis, was induced to ovulate using a time-release, GnRH analogue. Ovulation occurred the afternoon or evening the day after hormone administration. The time of ovulation was established within half an hour. At ovulation, three fish per time-group were divided into 0, 6, 12, 18 hr and one thru five days post-ovulation to study changes in the postovulatory follicle complex (POC). Histology of the ovaries revealed changes in the POC, postovulatory follicle (POF) and oocyte atresia through five days post-ovulation...
April 2017: Journal of Morphology
Daniela S Waltrick, Colin A Simpfendorfer, Cynthia A Awruch
The identification of the elasmobranch secondary ovarian follicles and their function can be challenging and the inconsistent use of terminology derived from other taxa is a matter of ongoing debate. In this study, the available information on the histology of the elasmobranch secondary ovarian follicles derived from atresia (preovulatory follicles) or ovulation (postovulatory follicles) is reviewed highlighting their morphology and steroidogenic capacity. Based on this literature review, the ovarian follicles of the Australian sharpnose shark Rhizoprionodon taylori were classified according to their preovulatory or postovulatory origin...
April 2017: Journal of Morphology
Angela Palumbo, Julio Ávila, Frederick Naftolin
This contribution summarizes the pivotal role of the ovarian renin-angiotensin system (OVRAS) in ovarian physiology and disease, with particular emphasis on human clinical implications and established translational applications. The presence of a complete OVRAS in all studied species has been known for decades. The OVRAS has major effects on follicle development/atresia and ovulation and steroid hormone secretion, that is, it is necessary for normal reproduction. It is well established that OVRAS activity is regulated by gonadotropins and depends on activation of proteases in the area of growing follicles...
December 2016: Reproductive Sciences
Hannah Demond, Tom Trapphoff, Deborah Dankert, Martyna Heiligentag, Ruth Grümmer, Bernhard Horsthemke, Ursula Eichenlaub-Ritter
Delayed ovulation and delayed fertilization can lead to reduced developmental competence of the oocyte. In contrast to the consequences of postovulatory aging of the oocyte, hardly anything is known about the molecular processes occurring during oocyte maturation if ovulation is delayed (preovulatory aging). We investigated several aspects of oocyte maturation in two models of preovulatory aging: an in vitro follicle culture and an in vivo mouse model in which ovulation was postponed using the GnRH antagonist cetrorelix...
2016: PloS One
Julie Lamy, Philippe Liere, Antoine Pianos, Fanny Aprahamian, Pascal Mermillod, Marie Saint-Dizier
Ovarian steroid hormones are major regulators of the physiology of the oviduct and reproductive events occurring within the oviduct. To establish a whole steroid profiling of the bovine oviductal fluid (OF) during the estrous cycle, contralateral and ipsilateral (to the corpus luteum or preovulatory follicle) oviducts were classified into four stages of the estrous cycle (n = 18-27 cows per stage): postovulatory (Post-ov), mid-luteal (Mid-lut), late luteal (Late-lut), and preovulatory on the basis of the ovarian morphology and intrafollicular steroid concentrations...
October 1, 2016: Theriogenology
O J Ginther, M A R Siddiqui, J M Baldrighi
In single ovulating cattle, ipsilateral versus contralateral interovarian relationships refer to a dominant follicle (DF) and CL in the same versus opposite ovaries. The ipsilateral relationship consists of the DF-CL and the devoid (no DF or CL) intraovarian pattern, and the contralateral relationship consists of the DF pattern and the CL pattern. The DF-CL pattern involves positive effects on both the DF and CL when adjacent (≤3-mm apart) versus separated as follows: greater diameter of DF (e.g., 10.5 ± 0...
July 15, 2016: Theriogenology
Zhenjie Yuan, Yuxia Chen, Qiuyue Chen, Miao Guo, Li Kang, Guiyu Zhu, Yunliang Jiang
Extracelluar matrix undergoes constant remodeling, cell-cell, and cell-matrix interactions during chicken ovarian follicle growth, which is coordinated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and their associated endogenous inhibitors (TIMPs). Transcriptome analysis revealed upregulation of MMP13 in sexually mature chicken ovaries. In this study, we found that the expression of MMP13 in chicken ovary was stably elevated from 60 d to 159 d, and was significantly higher at 159 d than at the other three developmental stages (P < 0...
May 3, 2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
G Pugliesi, F B Santos, E Lopes, É Nogueira, J R G Maio, M Binelli
We aimed to evaluate the effects and the interaction of size of the preovulatory follicle (POF) and long-acting progesterone (P4) supplementation after timed-AI on CL function and pregnancy success in beef cows. In experiment 1, ovulations of beef cows were synchronized starting on Day -10, and cows were split to receive sodium cloprostenol (large follicle group; LF; n = 31) or nothing (small follicle group; SF; n = 35). Ovulations were induced on Day 0, and cows were inseminated. Ovulated cows were assigned to receive placebo (LF/control group, n = 14; and SF/control group, n = 9) or 150 mg of long-acting P4 on Day 4...
April 15, 2016: Theriogenology
Roberto D V S Morais, Ralph G Thomé, Hélio B Santos, Nilo Bazzoli, Elizete Rizzo
In fish ovaries, postovulatory follicles (POFs) are key biomarkers of breeding and provide an interesting model for studying the relationship between autophagy and apoptosis. In this study, we investigated the immunohistochemical expression of autophagic and apoptotic proteins to improve the knowledge on the mechanisms regulating ovarian remodeling after spawning. Females from three neotropical fish species kept in captivity were submitted to hormonal induction. After ova stripping, ovarian sections were sampled daily until 5 days postspawning (dps)...
April 1, 2016: Theriogenology
Bo Kang, Dongmei Jiang, Rong Ma, Hui He
Ferritin heavy chain (FHC), which exhibits ferroxidase activity and mediates the primary functions of ferritin, plays a role in regulating reproduction in animals. However, the changes in the FHC mRNA and protein levels in the HPG axis of geese remain to be determined. In the current study, FHC mRNA expression level was quantitatively monitored in the hypothalamus, anterior pituitary and ovary stroma in prelaying and laying geese. In addition, the levels of FHC mRNA and protein were determined in follicles and ovarian stroma of laying geese...
December 2015: Reproductive Biology
T Trapphoff, M Heiligentag, D Dankert, H Demond, D Deutsch, T Fröhlich, G J Arnold, R Grümmer, B Horsthemke, U Eichenlaub-Ritter
STUDY QUESTION: Is the postovulatory aging-dependent differential decrease of mRNAs and polyadenylation of mRNAs coded by maternal effect genes associated with altered abundance and distribution of maternal effect and RNA-binding proteins (MSY2)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Postovulatory aging results in differential reduction in abundance of maternal effect proteins, loss of RNA-binding proteins from specific cytoplasmic domains and critical alterations of pericentromeric proteins without globally affecting protein abundance...
January 2016: Human Reproduction
M F A Balaro, J F Fonseca, T G B Barbosa, J M G Souza-Fabjan, L M Figueira, T A Teixeira, L R Carvalheira, F Z Brandão
The ability of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) to synchronize ovulation and new follicular wave emergence before a "superovulatory Day 0" protocol was assessed in Santa Inês ewes. For estrus synchronization, a 60-mg medroxyprogesterone acetate sponge was inserted for 6 d. One day before sponge removal, 37.5-μg d-cloprostenol and 300 IU equine chorionic gonadotropin were injected intramuscularly (i.m.). After sponge removal, ewes were assigned to the following 3 groups: (1) GC-1 mL saline at 12 h (n = 10); (2) G24h-0...
January 2016: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
D Groppetti, M Aralla, V Bronzo, G Bosi, A Pecile, S Arrighi
The ability to recognize specific events happening in the ovaries during periovulatory time allows optimal management of canine reproduction. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of vaginal cytology and blood progesterone (P4) assay to identify accurately the changes occurring at the ovarian structures, mainly during the fertile period. Tertiary follicles, corpora hemorrhagica (CHs) and corpora lutea (CLs) from forty healthy bitches undergoing ovariohysterectomy were evaluated by histo-morphometry based on their aspect, number and size...
January 2015: Animal Reproduction Science
O J Ginther, M A R Siddiqui, J M Baldrighi, M M Hoffman
The conversion of preovulatory intraovarian patterns based on location of the preovulatory follicle (PF) and the associated corpus luteum (cl) to postovulatory patterns based on location of the future and established dominant follicle (DF) and corpus luteum (CL) was studied daily in 26 heifers from Days -5 to 6 (Day 0 = ovulation). The two ipsilateral preovulatory patterns were PF-cl and devoid (neither PF nor cl), and the two contralateral patterns were PF and cl. The postovulatory patterns were DF-CL, devoid, DF, and CL...
January 15, 2015: Theriogenology
Debora Dankert, Hannah Demond, Tom Trapphoff, Martyna Heiligentag, Katrin Rademacher, Ursula Eichenlaub-Ritter, Bernhard Horsthemke, Ruth Grümmer
Maternal effect genes code for oocyte proteins that are important for early embryogenesis. Transcription in oocytes does not take place from the onset of meiotic progression until zygotic genome activation. During this period, protein levels are regulated posttranscriptionally, for example by poly(A) tail length. Posttranscriptional regulation may be impaired in preovulatory and postovulatory aged oocytes, caused by delayed ovulation or delayed fertilization, respectively, and may lead to developmental defects...
2014: PloS One
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