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Retinoblastoma metastasis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124525/heterogeneity-in-retinoblastoma-a-tale-of-molecules-and-models
#1
REVIEW
Sonya Stenfelt, Maria K E Blixt, Charlotta All-Ericsson, Finn Hallböök, Henrik Boije
Retinoblastoma, an intraocular pediatric cancer, develops in the embryonic retina following biallelic loss of RB1. However, there is a wide range of genetic and epigenetic changes that can affect RB1 resulting in different clinical outcomes. In addition, other transformations, such as MYCN amplification, generate particularly aggressive tumors, which may or may not be RB1 independent. Recognizing the cellular characteristics required for tumor development, by identifying the elusive cell-of-origin for retinoblastoma, would help us understand the development of these tumors...
November 9, 2017: Clinical and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124000/human-papillomavirus-associated-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-controversies-and-new-concepts
#2
REVIEW
Nuzhat Husain, Azfar Neyaz
High-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) is a causative agent for an increasing subset of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. HPV 16 accounts for 90% of cases. The chance for malignant transformation due to infection with high-risk HPV is proportional to the expression of the viral oncogene products E6 and E7, which inactivate p53 and retinoblastoma (Rb) tumor suppressor functions. P16 is a surrogate marker of HPV associated HNSCC and 2+/3+ expression in more than 75% cells is diagnostic. Molecular demonstration of integrated virus by in situ hybridization is specific but has low sensitivity...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120753/mitochondrial-oxphos-induced-by-rb1-deficiency-in-breast-cancer-implications-for-anabolic-metabolism-stemness-and-metastasis
#3
REVIEW
Eldad Zacksenhaus, Mariusz Shrestha, Jeff C Liu, Ioulia Vorobieva, Philip E D Chung, YoungJun Ju, Uri Nir, Zhe Jiang
A switch from catabolic to anabolic metabolism, a major hallmark of cancer, enables rapid cell duplication, and is driven by multiple oncogenic alterations, including PIK3CA mutation, MYC amplification, and TP53 loss. However, tumor growth requires active mitochondrial function and oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS). Recently, loss of the retinoblastoma (RB1) tumor suppressor in breast cancer was shown to induce mitochondrial protein translation (MPT) and OXPHOS. Here, we discuss how increased OXPHOS can enhance anabolic metabolism and cell proliferation, as well as cancer stemness and metastasis...
November 2017: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099668/successful-conservative-treatment-of-massive-choroidal-relapse-in-2-retinoblastoma-patients-monitored-by-ultrasound-biomicroscopy-and-or-spectral-domain-optic-coherence-tomography
#4
Christina Stathopoulos, Marie-Claire Gaillard, Francesco Puccinelli, Philippe Maeder, Doris Hadjistilianou, Maja Beck-Popovic, Francis L Munier
PURPOSE: To report the occurrence and management of secondary choroidal infiltration in two retinoblastoma (rb) patients. METHODS: Fundus examination and imaging with spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), B-scan ultrasonography (B-scan), and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM). RESULTS: Case 1: A 19-month-old girl with multifocal unilateral group B rb pretreated with intravenous chemotherapy (IVC) was referred for further management...
November 3, 2017: Ophthalmic Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073720/malat1-modulates-the-autophagy-of-retinoblastoma-cell-through-mir-124-mediated-stx17-regulation
#5
Jun Huang, Yuting Yang, Fang Fang, Ke Liu
The retinoblastoma is the most common intraocular malignant tumor in infants and children; it is one of the deadliest forms of cancer due to its limited sensitivity to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In several cancers, chemoresistance is associated with autophagy induction. Non-coding RNAs, including long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) and microRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to regulate physiological activities of the cells, including proliferation, apoptosis, migration, as well as autophagy. MALAT1, a well-established lncRNA acts as an oncogene, promotes cancer proliferation and metastasis via the stimulation of autophagy...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062787/a-long-follow-up-of-a-patient-with-bilateral-retinoblastoma-who-underwent-globe-preserving-therapy-and-had-metastasis-after-72mo
#6
Yi Zhang, Dong-Sheng Huang, Wei-Ling Zhang, Yi-Zhuo Wang, Yan Zhou, Pin-Wei Zhang, Tao Han, Jian-Min Ma, Ji-Tong Shi, Xin Ge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048635/novel-focal-adhesion-kinase-1-inhibitor-sensitizes-lung-cancer-cells-to-radiation-in-a-p53-independent-manner
#7
Seung-Youn Jung, Seongho Kho, Kyung-Hee Song, Jiyeon Ahn, In-Chul Park, Ky-Youb Nam, Sang-Gu Hwang, Seon-Young Nam, Seong-Jun Cho, Jie-Young Song
Focal adhesion kinase 1 (FAK1) is known to promote tumor progression and metastasis by controlling cell movement, invasion, survival and the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in the tumor microenvironment. As recent reports imply that FAK1 is highly associated with tumor cell development and malignancy, the inhibition of FAK1 activity could be an effective therapeutic approach for inhibiting the growth and metastasis of tumor cells. In this study, we aimed to determine the effect of a novel synthetic FAK1 inhibitor 2-[2-(2-methoxy-4-morpholin-4-yl-phenylamino)-5-trifluoromethyl-pyrimidin-4-ylamino]-N-methyl-benzamide, (MPAP) on lung cancer cells...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023247/mir-449a-a-potential-therapeutic-agent-for-cancer
#8
He Yong-Ming, Ji Ai-Jun, Xu Xiao-Yue, Lu Jian-Wei, Yu Chen, Chen Ye
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to be associated with cancer progression and carcinogenesis. They are small, highly conserved, noncoding RNA molecules consisting of 19-25 nucleotides. By binding to complementary binding sites within the 3'-untranslated region of target mRNAs, miRNAs inhibit the translation of mRNAs or promote their degradation. miRNAs play critical roles in cancer initiation and development by functioning either as oncogenes or as tumor suppressors. Similarly, several studies have shown that miRNAs are involved in regulating various biological processes, including apoptosis, proliferation, cellular differentiation, signal transduction, and carcinogenesis...
November 2017: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016460/trefoil-factor-family-1-expression-correlates-with-clinical-outcome-in-patients-with-retinoblastoma
#9
Maike Busch, Klaus Metz, Manfred Beier, Eva Biewald, Nicole Dünker
PURPOSE: Correlation of trefoil factor family 1 (TFF1) expression in retinoblastoma tumors with different clinical parameters to evaluate a potential involvement of TFF1 in tumor development and progression. METHODS: A representative cohort of 59 enucleated eyes from individual patients with retinoblastoma was analyzed for its TFF1 expression profile by immuno staining and real-time PCR. Trefoil factor family 1 expression was correlated with demographics, laterality, tumor-node-metastasis stage, International Classification of Retinoblastoma, tumor differentiation level, and treatment...
October 6, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965621/expression-of-prb-ki67-and-her-2-neu-in-gastric-carcinomas-relation-to-different-histopathological-grades-and-stages
#10
Azza Abdel-Aziz, Rehab Allah Ahmed, Afaf Taha Ibrahiem
Gastric carcinoma is one of the aggressive malignancies with poor prognosis. The expression of pRb, Ki67, Her-2 in relation to tumor grade and stage in gastric carcinoma still needs more exploration. This study was performed aiming to study the immunohistochemical expression of altered retinoblastoma encoding protein (pRb), Ki67 and Her-2 in gastric carcinoma and to investigate their clinical and pathological significance. We studied tumor tissue specimens from 48 patients with gastric carcinoma. Paraffin sections were submitted for immunohistochemistry using pRb, Ki67 and Her-2...
October 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927086/quercetin-inhibits-angiogenesis-mediated-human-retinoblastoma-growth-by-targeting-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-receptor
#11
Wei Song, Xiaofei Zhao, Jiarui Xu, Han Zhang
Retinoblastoma (RB) is the most common malignant intraocular cancer in teenagers, occurrence of which depends on the mutation of multiple genes. Among all the signaling pathways involved in the oncogenesis of RB, the process of angiogenesis has been demonstrated to be associated with the local invasive growth and metastasis of this cancer type. Quercetin (Que) is a typical flavonoid and has been reported to inhibit angiogenesis in various types of tumors. In the present study, the effect of Que on RB cells and angiogenesis of RB was evaluated...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924151/dna-methylomes-reveal-biological-networks-involved-in-human-eye-development-functions-and-associated-disorders
#12
María Berdasco, Antonio Gómez, Marcos J Rubio, Jaume Català-Mora, Vicente Zanón-Moreno, Miguel Lopez, Cristina Hernández, Shigeo Yoshida, Takahito Nakama, Keijiro Ishikawa, Tatsuro Ishibashi, Amina M Boubekeur, Lotfi Louhibi, Miguel A Pujana, Sergi Sayols, Fernando Setien, Dolores Corella, Carmen de Torres, Andreu Parareda, Jaume Mora, Ling Zhao, Kang Zhang, Matilde E Lleonart, Javier Alonso, Rafael Simó, Josep M Caminal, Manel Esteller
This work provides a comprehensive CpG methylation landscape of the different layers of the human eye that unveils the gene networks associated with their biological functions and how these are disrupted in common visual disorders. Herein, we firstly determined the role of CpG methylation in the regulation of ocular tissue-specification and described hypermethylation of retinal transcription factors (i.e., PAX6, RAX, SIX6) in a tissue-dependent manner. Second, we have characterized the DNA methylome of visual disorders linked to internal and external environmental factors...
September 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903151/anterior-chamber-invasion-in-retinoblastoma-not-an-indication-for-adjuvant-chemotherapy
#13
Kummamuri V Sreelakshmi, Anita Chandra, Subramanian Krishnakumar, Viswanathan Natarajan, Vikas Khetan
Purpose: In retinoblastoma, adjuvant chemotherapy after enucleation is given in eyes with histopathological high-risk features (HRFs) to reduced mortality. Anterior chamber seeds (AC seeds) on histopathological evaluation are a contentious finding. This study attempts to determine the effect of AC seeds on the survival rate. Methods: This is a retrospective case record review. Eyes were divided into four groups: those with neither AC seeds nor HRFs, those with only HRFs, those with only AC seeds, and those with both HRFs and AC seeds...
September 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868287/intracameral-chemotherapy-melphalan-for-aqueous-seeding-in-retinoblastoma-bicameral-injection-technique-and-related-toxicity-in-a-pilot-case-study
#14
Francis L Munier, Marie-Claire Gaillard, Sarah Decembrini, Massimo Bongiovanni, Maja Beck-Popovic
BACKGROUND: The anterior chamber has been shown by pharmacokinetic studies to represent a sanctuary never achieving a tumoricidal dose with the present administration routes, such as systemic, intra-arterial, or intravitreal injections. METHOD: A novel intracameral chemotherapy technique is described to control aqueous seeding in a pilot unilateral group E retinoblastoma case with primary aqueous seeding. Anterior segment toxicity was carefully monitored. RESULTS: Control of the retinal tumor and vitreous seeding was achieved by intra-arterial and intravitreal chemotherapies...
July 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834944/high-risk-intraocular-retinoblastoma-comparison-between-asian-indians-and-americans-from-two-major-referral-centers
#15
Swathi Kaliki, Carol L Shields, Ralph C Eagle, Sadiya Iram, Jerry A Shields
PURPOSE: To identify the differences in the clinical and histopathologic features in eyes with advanced intraocular retinoblastoma in a developing country (India) versus a developed country (USA). METHODS: Retrospective study. RESULTS: Of 524 patients with retinoblastoma who underwent primary enucleation, 331 were from India, and 193 were from the USA. Asian Indians were older at presentation (35 months vs. 29 months; P = 0.02), had thicker tumors (13...
August 22, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693273/overexpression-of-mir-183-and-mir-494-promotes-proliferation-and-migration-in-human-breast-cancer-cell-lines
#16
Taciane Macedo, Renato J Silva-Oliveira, Viviane A O Silva, Daniel O Vidal, Adriane F Evangelista, Marcia M C Marques
Breast cancer (BC) is a leading cause of cancer-associated mortality in females worldwide. MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs), a type of non-coding RNA, have been reported to be important in the regulation of BC onset and progression. Several studies have implicated the role of miR-183 and miR-494 in different types of cancer. However, the biological functions of these miRNAs in BC remain largely unknown. In the present study, the expression of both miRNAs was assessed in the MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 BC cell lines...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689850/mir-215-promotes-cell-migration-and-invasion-of-gastric-cancer-by-targeting-retinoblastoma-tumor-suppressor-gene-1
#17
Zhanfeng Chen, Kunpeng Liu, Li Li, Yan Chen, Shouqin Du
BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common malignant tumor and has high mortality worldwide. microRNAs (miRNAs) play critical roles in carcinogenesis. Previous studied showed that miR-215 was involved in tumorigenesis and progression. This study was designed to clarify the biological function of miR-215 in GC. METHODS: qRT-PCR was used to detect the miR-215 expression in GC tissues and 6 human GC cell lines (AGS, SGC-7901, NCI-N87, GES-1, MKN-45 and BGC-823) as well...
August 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633655/inhibition-of-mmp-2-and-mmp-9-decreases-cellular-migration-and-angiogenesis-in-in-vitro-models-of-retinoblastoma
#18
Anderson H Webb, Bradley T Gao, Zachary K Goldsmith, Andrew S Irvine, Nabil Saleh, Ryan P Lee, Justin B Lendermon, Rajini Bheemreddy, Qiuhua Zhang, Rachel C Brennan, Dianna Johnson, Jena J Steinle, Matthew W Wilson, Vanessa M Morales-Tirado
BACKGROUND: Retinoblastoma (Rb) is the most common primary intraocular tumor in children. Local treatment of the intraocular disease is usually effective if diagnosed early; however advanced Rb can metastasize through routes that involve invasion of the choroid, sclera and optic nerve or more broadly via the ocular vasculature. Metastatic Rb patients have very high mortality rates. While current therapy for Rb is directed toward blocking tumor cell division and tumor growth, there are no specific treatments targeted to block Rb metastasis...
June 20, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550678/knockdown-of-long-noncoding-rna-lncrna-metastasis-associated-lung-adenocarcinoma-transcript-1-malat1-inhibits-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-and-promoted-apoptosis-by-targeting-mir-124-in-retinoblastoma
#19
Shujun Liu, Guigang Yan, Junfu Zhang, Lianzhi Yu
Evidence suggests that the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1)is upregulated in cancer tissues and its elevated expression is associated with hyper-proliferation. However, the underlying mechanisms regarding the role of MALAT1 in retinoblastoma (RB) remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the functional role of MALAT1 in RB by targeting miR-124. Results showed that the expression of - MALAT1 was significantly higher in Y79 cell line than ARPE-19 cell line (P<0...
May 21, 2017: Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513496/intra-arterial-chemotherapy-for-retinoblastoma-two-year-results-from-tertiary-eye-care-center-in-india
#20
Pukhraj Rishi, Tarun Sharma, Minal Sharma, Aditya Maitray, Abhinav Dhami, Vishvesh Aggarwal, Saravanan Munusamy, R Ravikumar, Satheesh Ramamurthy
AIM: The aim of this study is to describe treatment outcomes and complications of selective intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) for intraocular retinoblastoma (RB). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective, interventional series of 10 eyes with RB which underwent IAC using melphalan (5 mg/7.5 mg) and topotecan (1 mg), or melphalan (5 mg/7.5 mg) alone. Treatment outcomes were evaluated in terms of tumor control, vitreous seeds (VS) and subretinal seeds (SRS) control, and globe salvage rates...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
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