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Mullerian anomalies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043712/uterus-dysplasia-associated-with-cervico-vaginal-agenesis
#1
Ali Mahdavi, Hadi Mirfazaelian, Ladan Younesi Asl, Zeynab Hasani, Maryam Bahreini
Müllerian ducts can form upper parts of normal female reproductive system and any failure in ductal fusion may result in to müllerian duct anomalies (MDA). We present a case of MDA and a uterus dysplasia with no evidence of cervical or upper vaginal tissue. This case showes the role of magnetic resonace imaging (MRI) on MDA diagnosis and urges the need for a unified reliable and practical classification more compatible with clinical practice.
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031171/transverse-testicular-ectopia-with-inguinal-hernia-a-rare-case-report
#2
Shubhi Bhatnagar, Shahaji Chavan, Mahendra Bendre
INTRODUCTION: Transverse aberrant testicular maldescent is an extremely rare congenital anomaly characterized by the migration of one testicle towards the opposite inguinal canal. Mostly such cases are reported in children and they are very rarely seen in adults. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a 24year old male patient with left reducible indirect inguinal hernia with absence of testis in the right hemiscrotum.On surgical exploration, the patient had both the testicles on the left side...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030159/obstructive-m%C3%A3-llerian-anomalies-in-menstruating-adolescent-girls-a-report-of-22-cases
#3
Karina Kapczuk, Zbigniew Friebe, Kinga Iwaniec, Witold Kędzia
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical course of obstructive Müllerian anomalies found in girls after menarche DESIGN: A retrospective case series of adolescents who between 2009 and 2016 were treated for vaginal or uterine obstructive malformations diagnosed after menarche SETTING: Division of Gynecology, Poznań University of Medical Sciences, Poznań, Poland PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two patients who, at the age of 11.4-18.2 (median 13.1) years, between 2 and 74 (median 7.5) months after menarche, underwent surgical repair of obstructive genital anomaly MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Müllerian defect type, presentation, radiologic findings, pre- and postoperative course RESULTS: Eighteen patients (81...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973711/pregnancy-in-non-communicating-unicornuate-uterus-diagnosis-difficulty-and-outcomes-a-case-report
#4
Camila Silveira de Souza, Gabriela Gindri Dorneles, Giana Nunes Mendonça, Caroline Mombaque Dos Santos, Francisco Maximiliano Pancich Gallarreta, Cristine Kolling Konopka
Approximately 1 in every 76,000 pregnancies develops within a unicornuate uterus with a rudimentary horn. Müllerian uterus anomalies are often asymptomatic, thus, the diagnosis is a challenge, and it is usually made during the gestation or due to its complications, such as uterine rupture, pregnancy-induced hypertension, antepartum, postpartum bleeding and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). In order to avoid unnecessary cesarean sections and the risks they involve, the physicians should consider the several approaches and for how long it is feasible to perform labor induction in suspected cases of pregnancy in a unicornuate uterus with a rudimentary horn, despite the rarity of the anomaly...
October 3, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969729/transverse-vaginal-septum-report-of-two-patients-with-mri-findings
#5
Shaista Afzal, Imrana Masroor, Saira Naz, Shazia Bhurgri
The transverse vaginal septum is a rare form of Mullerian duct anomaly, and is a disorder of vertical fusion of Mullerian system with the sinovaginal bulb. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)is very useful in the detection, classification and management planning of this rare anomaly. We present two cases of transverse vaginal septum in two patients of different age groups and with different clinical presentations. The findings on MRI, related to presence of vaginal septum and the management work-up, are also discussed...
September 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969216/decreased-foetal-movements-secondary-to-uterine-septum-a-case-report-and-proposed-algorithm-of-management
#6
Eram Ali, Tamkin Khan, Deeba Khanam
Congenital uterine anomaly has been well established as cause of infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss. However, only few studies have reported the association of mullerian anomalies and adverse pregnancy outcome in third trimester. We are hereby reporting a case of 25-year- old female second gravida who presented at 36 weeks six days pregnancy with complaint of decreased foetal movements for the past two weeks. The female had previous history of multiple admissions on account of decreased foetal movements in the third trimester...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960053/an-overview-of-the-results-of-hysterosonography-prior-to-in-vitro-fertilization
#7
Vinicius Medina Lopes, Jean Pierre Barguil, Thaísa Sant'Anna Lacerda, Anna Luíza Moraes Souza, Aluísio Mendes da Rocha Filho, Mariana Fonseca Roller, Eleonora Araújo Barbosa, Natalia Zavattiero Tierno, Joaquim Roberto Costa Lopes
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the results of hysterosonography performed prior to in vitro fertilization (IVF) and to correlate anomalous findings with hysteroscopy. METHODS: Findings from 197 hysterosonograms of patients examined in an assisted reproduction clinic between January 2012 and August 2014 were included. Enrollment criteria: patients in preparation for IVF not recently submitted to uterine examination through hysterosalpingography or hysteroscopy referred to hysterosonography...
September 29, 2017: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927039/an-unexpected-invasive-hydatidiform-mole-in-a-rudimentary-uterine-horn-a-case-report
#8
Manfei Si, Peng Li, Zeng Yuan, Hui Ma, Baoxia Cui, Beihua Kong
Rudimentary horns of the uterus develop as a result of a partial non-development of one Müllerian duct, a type of congenital uterine anomaly. Pregnancy in a rudimentary horn is uncommon and the outcome tends to be poor, with the majority of cases resulting in rupture between 10 and 15 gestational weeks, with significant risk of morbidity and mortality. Regardless of the availability of imagiological procedures and the advances being made in this field, the diagnosis of this type of ectopic pregnancy often only occurs during laparotomy or laparoscopy subsequent to abdominal pain and collapse...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921452/the-spectrum-of-imaging-appearances-of-m%C3%A3-llerian-duct-anomalies-focus-on-mr-imaging
#9
REVIEW
Takeru Fukunaga, Shinya Fujii, Chie Inoue, Naoko Mukuda, Atsushi Murakami, Yoshio Tanabe, Tasuku Harada, Toshihide Ogawa
Müllerian duct anomalies (MDAs) are the result of incomplete development, vertical or lateral fusion, or absorption of the müllerian ducts. The range of anomalies includes uterovaginal agenesis or hypoplasia, unicornuate uterus, uterus didelphys, bicornuate uterus, septate uterus, and arcuate uterus. Correct diagnosis and classification of these anomalies are essential because pregnancy outcomes and treatment options vary between the types of anomaly. Furthermore, early identification of MDAs helps to avoid prolonged symptomatic periods and the complications that may subsequently arise, such as infertility, endometriosis, and neoplasm...
September 18, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893655/laparoscopic-blinded-endometrial-cavity-resection-for-robert-s-uterus
#10
Huseyin Kiyak, Tolga Karacan, Lale Susan Wetherilt, Kerem Doga Seckin, Eser Sefik Ozyurek
Study Objective To demonstrate that laparoscopic excision of the endometrial tissue of a blind endometrial cavity in a patient with a Robert's uterus who did not consent to hysteroscopic surgery due to her virgin state and religious beliefs was an effective alternative treatment option for progressive dismenorrhea and pelvic pain. Design To describe a rare müllerian anomaly and the step by step laparoscopic excision technique of the endometrium of a blind uterine cavity. Setting Robert's uterus is a rare müllerian anomaly characterized by the presence of a blind endometrial cavity and an asymmetric septum...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893129/the-association-of-mullerian-anomalies-and-placenta-abruption-a-meta-analysis
#11
Salman Khazaei, Ensiyeh Jenabi, Yousef Veisani
BACKGROUND: Several epidemiological studies have determined that Mullerian anomalies can increase the risk of placenta abruption. To date, no meta-analysis has been performed for assessing the relationship between placenta abruption and Mullerian anomalies. This meta-analysis was conducted to estimate the association between placenta abruption and Mullerian anomalies. METHODS: We conducted a computerized literature search in Pubmed, Scopus and Web of Science covering the search period until August 2017...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826263/the-association-between-m%C3%A3-llerian-anomalies-and-perinatal-outcome
#12
Adva Cahen-Peretz, Eyal Sheiner, Michael Friger, Asnat Walfisch
INTRODUCTION: Deviation in the development of the female reproductive organs from the normal anatomy has been shown to have an impact on obstetrical outcomes and neonatal morbidity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this retrospective population-based cohort study, short-term neonatal morbidity and mortality were compared in pregnancies of women with and without uterine anomalies. The analysis included deliveries that occurred between the years 1991 and 2013 in a tertiary medical center...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819947/secondary-dysmenorrhea-due-to-a-rudimentary-non-communicating-functional-uterine-horn
#13
Ewa Woźniakowska, Anna Stępniak, Piotr Czuczwar, Paweł Milart, Tomasz Paszkowski
Unicornuate uterus with a rudimentary horn is a rare congenital Müllerian anomaly, which may lead to many obstetrical and gynaecological complications. This pathology occurs in approximately 1/100 000 women. A rudimentary horn forms due to insufficient development of the Müllerian duct. The diagnosis of this anomaly is usually delayed, as it remains asymptomatic until adolescence and its main symptom is dysmenorrhea.
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811816/unicornuate-uterus-with-a-rudimentary-horn-diagnosed-at-scheduled-third-cesarean-section
#14
Serkan Bodur, Ulas Fidan, Mehmet Ferdi Kinci, Kazim Emre Karasahin
A unicornuate uterus with a rudimentary horn is an anomaly caused by defective fusion of the Müllerian duct, estimated to occur in one in 76,000 pregnancies. Life threateningly heavy bleeding is a highly expected clinical consequence of such pregnancies. According to the known literature, only two living twins and few living singleton pregnancies have been reported up to now. Here we report on an incidentally diagnosed unicornuate uterus with a communicating rudimentary horn, found during a cesarean section of a gravida 3, parity 2 (G3 P2) patient...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807736/uterine-didelphys-with-bilateral-cervical-agenesis-in-a-15-year-old-female
#15
Kate C Arnold, Theresa C Thai, LaTasha B Craig
BACKGROUND: Isolated uterine didelphys requires no treatment in contrast to cervical agenesis, which requires a hysterectomy. Given this, correct diagnosis of Müllerian anomalies is paramount for making recommendations for patient care. CASE: A 15-year-old presented to clinic with pelvic pain and primary amenorrhea. Uterine didelphys with bilateral cervical agenesis was diagnosed by imaging. Hysterectomy was recommended and diagnosis was confirmed at surgery and by anatomic pathology...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796686/a-transperineal-approach-to-hysterectomy-of-a-retained-didelphic-uterine-horn
#16
Mary M Mullen, Lindsay M Kuroki, Steven R Hunt, Kristy L Ratkowski, David G Mutch
BACKGROUND: Gynecologic surgeries are performed through abdominal, vaginal, laparoscopic, or robot-assisted laparoscopic routes. However, if the pelvis is not accessible by one of these routes, there are no published reports to guide pelvic surgeons. CASE: A 34-year-old conjoined twin status postseparation with uterine didelphys and absence of her left colon and sacrum underwent hemihysterectomy, at which time her müllerian anomaly was unknown. She re-presented with vaginal bleeding and pain eventually attributed to a retained uterine horn...
September 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791270/herlyn-werner-wunderlich-syndrome-an-unusual-presentation-with-pyocolpos
#17
Eun Jung Jung, Moon Hyeong Cho, Da Hyun Kim, Jung Mi Byun, Young Nam Kim, Dae Hoon Jeong, Moon Su Sung, Ki Tae Kim, Kyung Bok Lee
Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly of the urogenital tract, which is characterized by the triad of uterus didelphys, obstructed hemivagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. It usually presents at puberty with pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, and a vaginal or pelvic mass. Although rare, it may present with purulent vaginal discharge due to secondary infection of the obstructed hemivagina, making diagnosis difficult. A careful pelvic examination to identify the cervix and vagina is the key to the diagnosis of Müllerian duct anomalies and magnetic resonance imaging can provide additional useful information...
July 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755995/the-diagnosis-and-surgical-approach-of-uterine-septae
#18
REVIEW
Aaron Budden, Jason Abbott
Uterine septae are a class of Müllerian duct anomaly that, similar to other classes, are associated with poor reproductive outcomes, however they are unique since these poor outcomes, particular recurrent pregnancy loss, may be responsive to surgical correction. The current evidence regarding septoplasty is difficult to interpret as the definitions of a uterine septum, methods to diagnose it, and hysteroscopic techniques used for treatment are variable and generally of poor to moderate quality. Robust data on outcomes, particularly live birth, after septoplasty are not available at this time...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751235/laparoscopic-uterovaginal-anastomosis-for-cervical-agenesis-a-case-report
#19
Ameya Padmawar, Rizwana Syed, Suyash Naval
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate possibility of an innovative surgery for management of cervical agenesis. DESIGN: Step wise description of laparoscopic uterovaginal anastomosis. SETTING: Isolated cervical agenesis occurs in 1 in 80000 to 100000 births. According to the American Fertility Society, cervical agenesis should be classified as a type Ib müllerian anomaly. According to ESHRE/ESGE classification, it is classified in class C4 category...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673795/use-of-3d-reconstruction-cloacagrams-and-3d-printing-in-cloacal-malformations
#20
Jennifer J Ahn, Margarett Shnorhavorian, Anne-Marie E Amies Oelschlager, Beth Ripley, Giridhar M Shivaram, Jeffrey R Avansino, Paul A Merguerian
INTRODUCTION: Cloacal anomalies are complex to manage, and the anatomy affects prognosis and management. Assessment historically includes examination under anesthesia, and genitography is often performed, but these do not consistently capture three-dimensional (3D) detail or spatial relationships of the anatomic structures. Three-dimensional reconstruction cloacagrams can provide a high level of detail including channel measurements and the level of the cloaca (<3 cm vs. >3 cm), which typically determines the approach for surgical reconstruction and can impact long-term prognosis...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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