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MRI endometriosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420517/ileocecal-endometriosis-diagnosis-and-management
#1
Ana López Carrasco, Alicia Hernández Gutiérrez, Paula A Hidalgo Gutiérrez, Roberto Rodríguez González, José L Marijuán Martín, Ignacio Zapardiel, Javier de Santiago García
OBJECTIVE: Ileocecal endometriosis is rare. Symptoms range from no symptoms, cramps, vomiting, to acute intestinal obstruction. Our objective was to review our cases, clarify, and resume its most appropriate management focusing on the factors to determine diagnosis. This is a retrospective study by revision of medical charts of all ileal endometriosis cases of our unit from 2006 to 2014. CASE REPORT: Seven cases were found; three (43%) had previous endometriosis laparoscopic diagnosis, four (57%) had partial bowel obstruction episodes, three (43%) had chronic pelvic pain, and one developed acute intestinal obstruction in postoperative ileostomy closure...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414865/transvaginal-sonography-in-the-diagnosis-of-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-a-review
#2
Jenna M Turocy, Beryl R Benacerraf
This review summarizes the current evidence regarding the diagnostic accuracy of sonography (US) in women with deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). It is well known that transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) can detect ovarian endometriomas with a high degree of sensitivity. In recent years, US has also been used to detect DIE. In the hands of an experienced sonologist, the sensitivity and specificity of TVUS in the detection of DIE is comparable to those of MRI. TVUS can eliminate the need for an MRI in the majority of patients and reduce the need for diagnostic laparoscopy, proving to be an important tool in preoperative planning...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384540/efficacy-and-acceptability-of-long-term-norethindrone-acetate-for-the-treatment-of-rectovaginal-endometriosis
#3
Matteo Morotti, Pier Luigi Venturini, Ennio Biscaldi, Annalisa Racca, Luana Calanni, Valerio Gaetano Vellone, Cesare Stabilini, Simone Ferrero
OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of long-term treatment with norethindrone acetate (NETA) in patients with rectovaginal endometriosis. STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective cohort study included 103 women with pain symptoms caused by rectovaginal endometriosis. Patients received NETA alone (2.5mg/day up to 5mg/day) for 5 years. Primary outcome was the degree of satisfaction with treatment after 5 years of progestin therapy. Secondary outcomes were the assessment of any variation in pain symptoms and the volumetric assessment of the disease by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
March 27, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315929/adnexal-masses-associated-with-peritoneal-involvement-diagnosis-with-ct-and-mri
#4
REVIEW
Audrey Ognong-Boulemo, Anthony Dohan, Christine Hoeffel, Agatha Stanek, François Golfier, Olivier Glehen, Pierre-Jean Valette, Pascal Rousset
Given the unique intra-peritoneal anatomic location of the adnexa, tubo-ovarian diseases can commonly spread into the peritoneal cavity. Peritoneal seeding may occur in a spectrum of adnexal conditions including infectious diseases, endometriosis, and benign or malignant primary or secondary ovarian tumors. CT is usually the imaging modality on which the concomitant involvement of the peritoneum and the ovary is depicted. The first diagnosis to be considered by the radiologist is generally peritoneal carcinomatosis from ovarian cancer but other conditions cited above have also to be borne in mind and may be suggested on the basis of careful assessment of CT findings or on further MR findings...
March 18, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283284/mri-in-the-evaluation-of-obstructive-reproductive-tract-anomalies-in-paediatric-patients
#5
H Zhang, H Qu, G Ning, B Cheng, F Jia, X Li, X Chen
AIM: To outline the anatomical variations of obstructive reproductive tract anomalies (ORTA) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and its role in preoperative evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MRI and treatment of 21 paediatric patients with ORTA were reviewed and analysed. MRI findings were correlated with ultrasound and surgical findings. RESULTS: Patients presented in two distinct ways: primary amenorrhoea with cyclic pelvic pain, or progressive dysmenorrhoea...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256410/-comparison-of-the-accuracy-of-rectal-endoscopic-sonography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-diagnosis-of-colorectal-endometriosis
#6
F Kanté, J Belghiti, G Roseau, I Thomassin-Naggara, M Bazot, E Daraï, M Ballester
OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and rectal endoscopic sonography (RES) for the diagnosis of colorectal endometriosis. METHODS: In retrospective study, 407 patients operated on service of gynecology of Tenon hospital for deep endometriosis with suspected colorectal involvement. All patients underwent MRI and then RES. RESULTS: In the study, 239 patients (59%) had colorectal endometriosis which were diagnosed with the histology...
February 27, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031375/urinary-phytoestrogen-concentrations-are-not-associated-with-incident-endometriosis-in-premenopausal-women
#7
Sunni L Mumford, Jennifer Weck, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Germaine M Buck Louis
BACKGROUND: Phytoestrogens have been associated with subtle hormonal changes, but their effects on endometriosis are largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the association between urinary concentrations of phytoestrogens and incident endometriosis. METHODS: We included an operative sample of 495 premenopausal women aged 18-44 y undergoing laparoscopies and laparotomies at 14 clinical sites between 2007 and 2009 and a general population sample of 131 women from the same geographic area who were matched on age and menstruation status...
February 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921160/european-society-of-urogenital-radiology-esur-guidelines-mr-imaging-of-pelvic-endometriosis
#8
M Bazot, N Bharwani, C Huchon, K Kinkel, T M Cunha, A Guerra, L Manganaro, L Buñesch, A Kido, K Togashi, I Thomassin-Naggara, A G Rockall
Endometriosis is a common gynaecological condition of unknown aetiology that primarily affects women of reproductive age. The accepted first-line imaging modality is pelvic ultrasound. However, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is increasingly performed as an additional investigation in complex cases and for surgical planning. There is currently no international consensus regarding patient preparation, MRI protocols or reporting criteria. Our aim was to develop clinical guidelines for MRI evaluation of pelvic endometriosis based on literature evidence and consensus expert opinion...
December 5, 2016: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887713/magnetic-resonance-imaging-correlation-to-intraoperative-findings%C3%A2-of-deeply-infiltrative-endometriosis
#9
Traci E Ito, Elias D Abi Khalil, Myles Taffel, Gaby N Moawad
OBJECTIVE: To show characteristics of deeply infiltrative endometriosis (DIE) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and how they correlate with intraoperative findings. DESIGN: Overview of still and dynamic MRI images of four different patients with DIE. We then used videos from their surgeries to highlight the appearance of endometriosis corresponding to these images (educational video). SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): Four different patients with DIE were included in this video...
February 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837336/perivaginal-benign-masses-diagnosis-and-therapy-in-a-series-of-66-women
#10
Anna-Lena Liaci, Hans Boesmueller, Markus Huebner, Sara Yvonne Brucker, Christl Reisenauer
PURPOSE: Benign perivaginal masses (PVM) are relatively rare. The aim of this study is, to create a higher awareness for these entities and to point out reliable diagnostics and an accurate treatment. METHODS: The medical records of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Tuebingen were searched for number and type of urogynecological surgery in general, and a surgery, which took place particularly owing to benign PVM, over a period of 5 years. Diagnostics, treatment, histology and postoperative management were summarized and analyzed...
November 12, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811474/abdominal-wall-endometriosis-myofibroblasts-as-a-possible-evidence-of-metaplasia-a-case-report
#11
Mohamed Gamal Ibrahim, Eleonore Delarue, Elene Abesadze, Matthias Haas, Jalid Sehouli, Vito Chiantera, Sylvia Mechsner
In this study, we report about a patient with extra-uterine endometriosis (EM) in the abdominal wall muscle with evident metaplasia based on the abundant alpha smooth muscle actin (ASMA)-expressing myofibroblasts. Laparotomy excision of the abdominal wall EM was done following ultrasonographic evidence of a hypodense swelling in the right rectus abdominis, which was confirmed by MRI. Immunohistochemistry staining for ASMA and collagen I was done, with the results confirming that endometriotic stromal cells expressed both...
2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801759/endometrial-stromal-sarcoma-arising-in-colorectal-endometriosis
#12
Rania Kilzieh, Natalia Rakislova, Aureli Torné, Rafael Salvador, Alfons Nadal, Jaume Ordi, Adela Saco
The malignant transformation of endometriosis is very uncommon. Whereas 75% of tumors arising from endometriosis arise in the ovary, location in extra-genital organs is rare and mesenchymal neoplasms are exceptional. A 47 year-old woman who underwent hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-ooforectomy due to endometriosis 13 years before presented with abdominal pain. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a 9.7×7.5 cm solid-cystic supravesical mass and a recto-vaginal tumor, as well as endometriotic nodules in the sigma, right parametrium and peritoneum that had significantly increased in size over a six months period...
October 31, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679269/accuracy-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-in-the-diagnosis-of-endometriosis-evaluation-of-an-institutional-protocol
#13
L Lopes, N Hindman, K Huang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678100/serum-osteopontin-levels-are-decreased-in-focal-adenomyosis
#14
Isabelle Streuli, Pietro Santulli, Sandrine Chouzenoux, Charles Chapron, Frédéric Batteux
We investigated whether serum osteopontin (OPN) levels are different according to specific phenotypes of adenomyosis and endometriosis. We conducted a prospective laboratory study in a university referral center for endometriosis between May 2005 and May 2013 and included 148 nonpregnant women, younger than 42 years, undergoing surgery for a benign gynecological condition and who had a preoperative pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The presence of focal and/or diffuse adenomyosis was determined by pelvic MRI, and women were classified into 3 groups: no-adenomyosis (No-AM), isolated diffuse adenomyosis (DIF-AM), and focal adenomyosis with or without diffuse adenomyosis (FOC-AM)...
May 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666420/evaluation-of-the-sacral-nerve-plexus-in-pelvic-endometriosis-by-three-dimensional-mr-neurography
#15
Xiaoling Zhang, Meizhi Li, Jian Guan, Huanjun Wang, Shurong Li, Yan Guo, Mingjuan Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility of three-dimensional MR neurography (3D MRN) for the sacral plexus using sampling perfection with application-optimized contrasts using different flip angle evolution (SPACE) sequences, and to demonstrate structural abnormalities in the pelvic nerve of women with pelvic endometriosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients with pelvic endometriosis and 20 healthy controls were examined by contrast-enhanced 3D short time inversion recovery T2-weighted imaging (CE 3D STIR T2WI) SPACE sequences on 3 Tesla MRI...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590068/is-pelvic-mri-in-women-presenting-with-pelvic-endometriosis-suggestive-of-associated-ileal-appendicular-or-cecal-involvement
#16
Hélène Gimonet, Valérie Laigle-Quérat, Stéphane Ploteau, Cergika Veluppillai, Brice Leclère, Eric Frampas
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether deep pelvic endometriosis or endometriomas diagnosed at pelvic MRI are associated with extrapelvic bowel endometriosis (EPBE) (ileal, appendicular, or cecal involvement) in order to suggest criteria for performing an additional imaging examination dedicated to the assessment of EPBE. METHODS: Ninety-six patients operated on for deep pelvic endometriosis were retrospectively included. They were classified in two groups according to the presence of surgically and histologically proven EPBE...
December 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558211/accuracy-of-a-new-diagnostic-tool-in-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-with-16%C3%AE-18f-fluoro-17%C3%AE-estradiol
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Stefano Cosma, Matteo Salgarello, Marcello Ceccaroni, Giancarlo Gorgoni, Francesca Riboni, Ernesto La Paglia, Saverio Danese, Chiara Benedetto
AIM: Preoperative workup of deep infiltrating endometriosis is limited in the evaluation of extragenital and extrapelvic disease and in distinguishing between the previous surgical scar and active lesion. Histological verification remains the gold standard for diagnosis. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT) with an experimental estrogen receptor tracer (16α-[18F]fluoro-17β-estradiol; [18F]FES) for accurate staging and non-invasive diagnosis of the disease...
December 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553934/diagnostic-performance-of-mr-imaging-findings-and-quantitative-values-in-the-differentiation-of-seromucinous-borderline-tumour-from-endometriosis-related-malignant-ovarian-tumour
#18
Yasuhisa Kurata, Aki Kido, Yusaku Moribata, Kyoko Kameyama, Yuki Himoto, Sachiko Minamiguchi, Ikuo Konishi, Kaori Togashi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of quantitative values and MRI findings for differentiating seromucinous borderline tumours (SMBTs) from endometriosis-related malignant ovarian tumours (MT). METHODS: This retrospective study examined 19 lesions from SMBT and 84 lesions from MT. The following quantitative values were evaluated using receiver-operating characteristic analysis: overall and solid portion sizes, fluid signal intensity (SI), degree of contrast-enhancement, and mean and minimum apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of the solid portion...
August 23, 2016: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538145/-diagnosis-and-therapy-for-ureteral-endometriosis
#19
Z Jia, L Zhang, X S Li, L Q Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the therapy for ureteral endometriosis. METHODS: The clinical data of 25 cases of histopathologically confirmed ureteral endometriosis during 2001-2015 were retrospectively analyxed. RESULTS: In the 25 cases, all the patients took urinary ultrasound for examination before surgery, of whom 21 (84%) were examined by CT and 5 (20%) by MRI. Three (12%) cases underwent preoperative KUB and intravenous pyelogram (IVP) examination...
February 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513589/laparoscopic-treatment-of-a-retroduodenopancreatic-endometriotic-cyst-observed-postpartum
#20
Giuseppe Piccinni, Giuseppe Massimiliano De Luca, Stefano Lafranceschina, Antonio Biondi, Andrea Marzullo, Angela Gurrado, Mario Testini
Endometriosis occurs in 5%-10% of fertile women, usually in the pelvic region, such as the ovaries, uterine ligaments, pelvic peritoneum, and rectovaginal septum. A mesenteric endometriotic cyst is an exceptional observation and difficult to diagnose preoperatively. We report a case of a large mesenteric endometriotic cyst treated by laparoscopy. A 21-year-old Caucasian woman was admitted as an emergency to our Academic Hospital on the 30th day postpartum for abdominal pain and a palpable epigastric mass. A CT scan revealed a mass measuring 7...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
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