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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345496/toward-a-better-nutritional-aiding-in-disasters-relying-on-lessons-learned-during-the-bam-earthquake
#1
Mahmoud Nekouie Moghadam, Mohammadreza Amiresmaieli, Mohammad Hassibi, Farideh Doostan, Sajad Khosravi
Introduction Examining various problems in the aftermath of disasters is very important to the disaster victims. Managing and coordinating food supply and its distribution among the victims is one of the most important problems after an earthquake. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to recognize problems and experiences in the field of nutritional aiding during an earthquake. METHODS: This qualitative study was of phenomenological type. Using the purposive sampling method, 10 people who had experienced nutritional aiding during the Bam Earthquake (Iran; 2003) were interviewed...
March 27, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344826/impact-of-bone-marrow-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-remodeling-the-lung-injury-induced-by-lipopolysaccharides-in-mice
#2
Mouchira M Mohi El-Din, Laila A Rashed, Mohi A Mahmoud Haridy, Atef Mohamed Khalil, Mohamed A Mohamed Albadry
AIM: This study evaluated the potential of bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to regulate cytokines and remodel the lung induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS; O-antigen). MATERIALS & METHODS: A group of mice (n = 21) was inoculated intraperitoneally with one dose 0.1 ml containing 0.025 mg LPS/mouse, and another treated intravenously with one dose of labeling bone marrow derived MSCs at 7.5 × 10(5) cell/mouse 4 h after LPS injection. All animals were sacrificed on the 1st, 7th and 14th days post-injection...
March 2017: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344409/outbreak-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-and-peste-des-petits-ruminants-in-sheep-flock-imported-for-immediate-slaughter-in-riyadh
#3
M A Mahmoud, S A Galbat
AIM: To detect and identify the causative agent or agents of the following clinical symptoms which were fever, lack of appetite, salivation, vesiculation, erosions of the buccal mucosa, nose, and feet. The signs vary from mild to severe. The mortality rate of the disease is high. The morbidity rate reaches up to 100%. Sheep also show bloody diarrhea and rapid respiration. Sheep flock resident in El-Kharje Governorate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 serum samples and 50 buffy coat samples were collected from Marino sheep flock suffered from high mortalities, fever, lameness, diarrhea, stomatitis, and respiratory distress...
February 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344176/stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-a-randomized-trial-of-unruptured-brain-arteriovenous-malformations-aruba-eligible-spetzler-martin-grade-i-and-ii-arteriovenous-malformations-a-multicenter-study
#4
Dale Ding, Robert M Starke, Hideyuki Kano, David Mathieu, Paul P Huang, Douglas Kondziolka, Caleb Feliciano, Rafael Rodriguez-Mercado, Luis Almodovar, Inga S Grills, Danilo Silva, Mahmoud Abbassy, Symeon Missios, Gene H Barnett, L Dade Lunsford, Jason P Sheehan
OBJECTIVE: A Randomized Trial of Unruptured Brain Arteriovenous Malformations (ARUBA) found better short-term outcomes after conservative management compared to intervention for unruptured arteriovenous malformations (AVM). However, since Spetzler-Martin (SM) grade I-II AVMs have the lowest treatment morbidity, sufficient follow-up of these lesions may demonstrate a long-term benefit from intervention. The aim of this multicenter, retrospective cohort study is to assess the outcomes after stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for ARUBA-eligible SM grade I-II AVMs...
March 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344056/chronic-cutaneous-mycobacterial-ulcers-due-to-mycobacterium-ulcerans-buruli-ulcer-the-first-indigenous-case-report-from-jordan-and-a-literature-review
#5
Jamal Wadi Al Ramahi, Hassan Annab, Mutaz Al Karmi, Basel Kirresh, Mahmoud Wreikat, Rami Batarseh, Muhannad Yacoub, Mais Kaderi
BACKGROUND: Buruli ulcer is the third most common mycobacterial infection worldwide. It is endemic in tropical, subtropical, and temperate climates. It causes devastating disease with morbidity and mortality. The treatment duration is long and the regimens considered are limited. Chronic cutaneous ulcers of mycobacterial etiology have been reported previously in Amman, but these were not associated with Mycobacterium ulcerans infection. METHODS: The case patient's initial diagnosis was based on chronological and morphological features, combined with appropriate diagnostic tests...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344015/transdermal-delivery-of-atorvastatin-calcium-from-novel-nanovesicular-systems-using-polyethylene-glycol-fatty-acid-esters-ameliorated-effect-without-liver-toxicity-in-poloxamer-407-induced-hyperlipidemic-rats
#6
Mohamed O Mahmoud, Heba M Aboud, Amira H Hassan, Adel A Ali, Thomas P Johnston
CONTEXT: Atorvastatin calcium (ATV), a cholesterol-lowering agent, suffers from poor systemic availability (14%) after oral administration in addition to other side effects on the gastrointestinal tract, liver and muscle. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the present investigation was to improve ATV bioavailability and overcome complications attendant with peroral administration by developing a new nanovesicular system encapsulating ATV for its delivery via the transdermal route...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343668/clinician-generated-torque-on-abutment-screws-using-different-hand-screwdrivers
#7
Marzieh Alikhasi, Mahmoud Kazemi, Hamid Jalali, Shervin Hashemzadeh, Hamide Dodangeh, Burak Yilmaz
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Many clinicians use hand screwdrivers to tighten prosthetic and abutment screws. The impact of the screwdriver type, the location of the implant, and the sex of the practitioner on the generated torque is not well understood. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the torque generated by different hand screwdrivers when used in the anterior and posterior regions and to evaluate the correlation between the applied torque and the sex and body mass index (BMI) of the practitioner...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343629/biallelic-variants-in-otud6b-cause-an-intellectual-disability-syndrome-associated-with-seizures-and-dysmorphic-features
#8
Teresa Santiago-Sim, Lindsay C Burrage, Frédéric Ebstein, Mari J Tokita, Marcus Miller, Weimin Bi, Alicia A Braxton, Jill A Rosenfeld, Maher Shahrour, Andrea Lehmann, Benjamin Cogné, Sébastien Küry, Thomas Besnard, Bertrand Isidor, Stéphane Bézieau, Isabelle Hazart, Honey Nagakura, LaDonna L Immken, Rebecca O Littlejohn, Elizabeth Roeder, Bulent Kara, Katia Hardies, Sarah Weckhuysen, Patrick May, Johannes R Lemke, Orly Elpeleg, Bassam Abu-Libdeh, Kiely N James, Jennifer L Silhavy, Mahmoud Y Issa, Maha S Zaki, Joseph G Gleeson, John R Seavitt, Mary E Dickinson, M Cecilia Ljungberg, Sara Wells, Sara J Johnson, Lydia Teboul, Christine M Eng, Yaping Yang, Peter-Michael Kloetzel, Jason D Heaney, Magdalena A Walkiewicz
Ubiquitination is a posttranslational modification that regulates many cellular processes including protein degradation, intracellular trafficking, cell signaling, and protein-protein interactions. Deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs), which reverse the process of ubiquitination, are important regulators of the ubiquitin system. OTUD6B encodes a member of the ovarian tumor domain (OTU)-containing subfamily of deubiquitinating enzymes. Herein, we report biallelic pathogenic variants in OTUD6B in 12 individuals from 6 independent families with an intellectual disability syndrome associated with seizures and dysmorphic features...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342937/molecular-epidemiology-of-staphylococcus-aureus-nasal-colonization-among-patients-and-their-parents-guardian-in-an-iranian-referral-hospital
#9
Babak Pourakbari, Mahmoud Khodabandeh, Shima Mahmoudi, Farah Sabouni, Alireza Aziz-Ahari, Abbas Bahador, Sepideh Keshavarz Valian, Reihaneh Hosseinpour Sadeghi, Setareh Mamishi
INTRODUCTION: Carriage of Staphylococcus aureus in the nose appears to play a key role in the epidemiology and pathogenesis of infection. It is important to investigate the genetic relatedness of S. aureus and MRSA clones in different geographic regions. The aim of this study was to assess the nasal carriage rate of S. aureus, including MRSA strains in both hospitalized children and general adult population (parents/guardian). In addition, antibiotic susceptibility pattern and molecular diversity of S...
March 22, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341511/open-and-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-injury-repair-outcomes-in-polytrauma-patients
#10
Anand Dayama, Aksim Rivera, Odunayo Olorunfemi, Ahmed Mahmoud, Catherine A Fontecha, John McNelis
INTRODUCTION: The management of patients with abdominal aortic injury (AAI) remains challenging. Open repair of AAI is still the standard of care, however, open repair is associated with high mortality. In past few years endovascular surgery has evolved as a less invasive alternative to open surgery in emergency settings. The objective of this study was to compare outcomes after open repair vs. endovascular repair of AAI in poly-trauma patients. METHODS: The National Trauma Data Bank, from 2008-2012, was queried to identify trauma patients undergoing open and endovascular repair of AAI using ICD-9 codes...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341393/cell-specific-immuno-localization-of-progesterone-receptor-alpha-in-the-rabbit-ovary-during-pregnancy-and-after-parturition
#11
Mahmoud Abd-Elkareem
Progesterone receptor alpha (PRA) has a central coordinator role in the ovarian functions in mammals. The aim of this study was to investigate the immunolocalization of PRA in the rabbit ovary during pregnancy and after parturition. The rabbit ovary during pregnancy and after parturition had moderate cytoplasmic and moderate to intense nuclear PRA immunostaining in the ovarian surface epithelial cells, stromal cells and interstitial gland cells. The PRA was also present in granulosa cells and theca interna cells of the growing, small antral and mature Graafian follicles...
March 18, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340350/a-viral-immunoevasin-controls-innate-immunity-by-targeting-the-prototypical-natural-killer-cell-receptor-family
#12
Oscar A Aguilar, Richard Berry, Mir Munir A Rahim, Johanna J Reichel, Branka Popović, Miho Tanaka, Zhihui Fu, Gautham R Balaji, Timothy N H Lau, Megan M Tu, Christina L Kirkham, Ahmad Bakur Mahmoud, Aruz Mesci, Astrid Krmpotić, David S J Allan, Andrew P Makrigiannis, Stipan Jonjić, Jamie Rossjohn, James R Carlyle
Natural killer (NK) cells play a key role in innate immunity by detecting alterations in self and non-self ligands via paired NK cell receptors (NKRs). Despite identification of numerous NKR-ligand interactions, physiological ligands for the prototypical NK1.1 orphan receptor remain elusive. Here, we identify a viral ligand for the inhibitory and activating NKR-P1 (NK1.1) receptors. This murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV)-encoded protein, m12, restrains NK cell effector function by directly engaging the inhibitory NKR-P1B receptor...
March 23, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339845/expanded-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-chickens-with-colibacillosis-in-egypt
#13
D A El-Shazly, S A Nasef, F F Mahmoud, Daniel Jonas
Throughout the world, expanded spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) are increasing among clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae, both in humans and animals. Unfortunately, there is a paucity of data on ESBL or Ampicillin class C β-lactamase (AmpC) in Egypt, although antimicrobial consumption is high in this developing country. This study aims to characterize the resistance mechanisms to expanded spectrum cephalosporins among resistant veterinary Escherichia coli isolates in Egypt. We investigated 50 clinical multi-resistant E...
February 23, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339282/melatonin-for-reducing-weight-gain-following-administration-of-atypical-antipsychotic-olanzapine-for-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#14
Seyed-Ali Mostafavi, Mahmoud Solhi, Mohammad-Reza Mohammadi, Shahin Akhondzadeh
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate melatonin effectiveness in weight gain reduction following olanzapine use for 11-17-year-old bipolar disorder patients. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Seventy-seven adolescent outpatients, subsequent to their initial diagnosis of bipolar I disorder by a psychiatrist, entered this study. After assessing inclusion and exclusion criteria, 48 patients consented to participate. Twenty-four patients were allocated to receive olanzapine, lithium carbonate, and melatonin, and 24 patients were allocated to receive olanzapine, lithium carbonate, and placebo by simple randomization...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339165/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-sodium-citrate-spray-for-non-conductive-olfactory-disorders
#15
Carl Philpott, Sally Erskine, Allan Clark, Alexander Leeper, Mahmoud Salam, Rishi Sharma, George Murty, Thomas Hummel
BACKGROUND: Previous research has suggested that sodium citrate improves hyposmia by decreasing mucus calcium levels in the nose. This study aimed to confirm or refute this effect in a single application and assess potential side effects. METHODOLOGY: Study design was a randomised double-blind controlled trial of sodium citrate nasal spray (intervention) versus sterile water (control) in a tertiary care clinic. Fifty-five patients with non-conductive olfactory loss were randomised to receive the intervention or placebo...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338380/the-association-between-physical-activity-with-cognitive-function-and-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#16
Hanan Khalil, Mahmoud A Alomari, Omar Khabour, Aya Al-Hieshan, Jawad A Bajwa
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of physical capacity, on the relationship of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) with cognitive function in people with PD. METHODS: Serum BDNF levels were measured in 29 PD participants and 30 healthy controls. Cognitive function was assessed using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA) scale. Physical capacity was evaluated using the six minute walk distance (6-MWD). Participants were categorized into low or high physical capacity group according to their 50(th) percentile 6-MWD...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338344/new-flavonol-glycoside-from-scabiosa-prolifera-l-aerial-parts-with-in-vitro-antioxidant-and-cytotoxic-activities
#17
Mahmoud A Al-Qudah, Noor K Otoom, Hala I Al-Jaber, Ayman M Saleh, Musa H Abu Zarga, Fatma U Afifi, Sultan T Abu Orabi
Phytochemical investigation of the chemical constituents of the aerial parts of Scabiosa prolifera L. led to the isolation of one new flavonol glycoside, kaempferol-3-O-(4″,6″-di-E-p-coumaroyl)-β-D-galactopyranoside (1), along with ten other known compounds including luteolin-7-O-(2″-O-ethyl-β-glucopyranoside), β-sitosterol, β-sitosterylglucoside, ursolic acid, corosolic acid, ursolic acid 3-O-β-D-arabinopyranoside, apigenin, methyl-α-D-glucopyranoside, luteolin-7-O-β-glucopyranoside and isoorientin...
March 24, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337501/behavior-of-thiophanate-methyl-and-propiconazole-in-grape-and-mango-fruits-under-the-egyptian-field-conditions
#18
Amira Sh Soliman, Rania M A Helmy, Islam N Nasr, Mohamed S Abbas, Hend A Mahmoud, Wayne Jiang
This research aims at determining residues of thiophanate methyl and propiconazole in grape and mango fruits as an indication for their persistence in this environmental compartment. Fruit extracts were analyzed for thiophanate methyl using High Performance Liquid Chromatography and using Gas Chromatography Electron Capture Detector (GC/ECD), respectively. The results indicated that propiconazole had a less environmental impact since propiconazole had shorter residue half-lives which were 1.24 and 1.19 days in grape and mango fruits, respectively, while thiophanate methyl had half-lives of 2...
March 23, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337439/a-brief-review-of-non-invasive-monitoring-of-respiratory-condition-for-extubated-patients-with-or-at-risk-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-after-surgery
#19
REVIEW
Xuezheng Zhang, Mahmoud Attia Mohamed Kassem, Ying Zhou, Muhammad Shabsigh, Quanguang Wang, Xuzhong Xu
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is one of the important risk factors contributing to postoperative airway complications. OSA alters the respiratory physiology and increases the sensitivity of muscle tone of the upper airway after surgery to residual anesthetic medication. In addition, the prevalence of OSA was reported to be much higher among surgical patients than the general population. Therefore, appropriate monitoring to detect early respiratory impairment in postoperative extubated patients with possible OSA is challenging...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336391/serum-high-c-reactive-protein-concentrations-are-related-to-the-intake-of-dietary-macronutrients-and-fiber-findings-from-a-large-representative-persian-population-sample
#20
Sayyed Saeid Khayyatzadeh, Seyyed Mohammad Reza Kazemi-Bajestani, Mohammad Bagherniya, Mehraneh Mehramiz, Maryam Tayefi, Mahmoud Ebrahimi, Gordon A Ferns, Mohammad Safarian, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
OBJECTIVE: Serum high-sensitivity CRP is a marker of inflammation and an independent predictor of chronic diseases. However, the effect of diet on serum hs-CRP is unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between dietary macronutrient intake and serum hs-CRP. DESIGN AND METHODS: We recruited 9778 adults, aged 35-65years as part of the MASHAD study. Dietary intake was determined using 24-hour dietary recall and several biochemical parameters including serum hs-CRP were measured...
March 20, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
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