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Stellate ganglion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934376/managing-menopausal-symptoms-and-associated-clinical-issues-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#1
Richard J Santen, Cynthia A Stuenkel, Susan R Davis, JoAnn V Pinkerton, Anne Gompel, Mary Ann Lumsden
Objective: Review evidence to guide the management of menopausal signs and symptoms in women after breast cancer and make recommendations accordingly. Evidence: Randomized controlled clinical trials, observational studies, evidence- based guidelines, and expert opinion from professional societies. Background: Several symptoms and clinical problems associated with estrogen depletion -sleep disorders, vulvovaginal atrophy (VVA), vasomotor symptoms (VMS), mood changes, depressive symptoms, cardiovascular disease, osteopenia and osteoporosis- confront the estimated 9...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903938/atrial-fibrillation-in-acute-obstructive-sleep-apnea-autonomic-nervous-mechanism-and-modulation
#2
Lilei Yu, Xuefei Li, Bing Huang, Xiaoya Zhou, Menglong Wang, Liping Zhou, Guannan Meng, Yuhong Wang, Zhenya Wang, Jielin Deng, Hong Jiang
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of atrial fibrillation (AF) induced by obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are not completely understood. This study investigated the roles of the intrinsic and extrinsic cardiac autonomic nervous system in OSA-induced AF and provided noninvasive autonomic nervous modulation for the suppression of OSA-induced AF by using low-level transcutaneous electrical stimulation (LL-TS) of the auricular branch of the vagus nerve at the tragus. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eighteen dogs received tracheostomy under general anesthesia and were randomly divided into 3 groups: the OSA group (OSA was simulated via clamping of the endotracheal tube at end expiration for 1...
September 13, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902009/risk-vessels-of-retropharyngeal-hematoma-during-stellate-ganglion-block
#3
Kazunori Hirota, Kazuhiko Hirata, Shiho Shibata, Kenji Shigematsu, Kazuo Higa, Ken Yamaura
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Bleeding into the retropharyngeal space is a potential complication in stellate ganglion block (SGB). Retropharyngeal hematoma formation is considered to be due to damage of small arteries in the region, although only scanty details of the region are available. The aim of this study was to map the risk blood vessels in the retropharyngeal space to avoid accidental damage during SGB. METHODS: Contrast-enhanced 3-dimensional computed tomography images performed on 80 patients were reanalyzed retrospectively to construct detailed map of cervical blood vessels that are prone to damage and bleeding during SGB...
September 9, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888724/-stellate-ganglion-radiofrequency-ablation-in-arrythmic-storm-management
#4
Blanca Trejo-Velasco, Mariano Ferreira E Veiga, Amparo Valls-Serral, Juan Asensio-Semper, Víctor Palanca-Gil, Salvador Morell-Cabedo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859148/stellate-ganglion-block-attenuates-chronic-stress-induced-depression-in-rats
#5
Weiwei Wang, Weidong Shi, Hua Qian, Xijin Deng, Tong Wang, Wenzhi Li
BACKGROUND: Stress is a significant factor in the etiology of depression. Stellate ganglion block (SGB) has been shown to maintain the stability of the autonomic system and to affect the neuroendocrine system, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. The objective of this study was to determine the antidepressant-like effects of SGB on the autonomic system and the HPA axis, apoptosis-related proteins, related spatial learning and memory impairment, and sensorimotor dysfunction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833780/stellate-ganglion-blockade-for-the-treatment-of-refractory-ventricular-arrhythmias-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Marat Fudim, Richard Boortz-Marx, Arun Ganesh, Nathan H Waldron, Yawar J Qadri, Chetan B Patel, Carmelo A Milano, Albert Y Sun, Joseph P Mathew, Jonathan P Piccini
INTRODUCTION: Treatment refractory ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) are often driven and exacerbated by heightened sympathetic tone. We aim to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies of a temporary percutaneous stellate ganglion block (SGB) on VA burden and defibrillation episodes in patients with treatment refractory VAs. METHODS: Relevant studies from January 1960 through May 2017 were identified in PubMed and Google Scholar. We performed a patient-level analysis using Student's t-test to compare outcomes before and after SGB...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826800/increased-inflammation-promotes-ventricular-arrhythmia-through-aggravating-left-stellate-ganglion-remodeling-in-a-canine-ischemia-model
#7
Menglong Wang, Shuyan Li, Xiaoya Zhou, Bing Huang, Liping Zhou, Xuefei Li, Guannan Meng, Shenxu Yuan, Yuhong Wang, Zhuo Wang, Songyun Wang, Lilei Yu, Hong Jiang
BACKGROUND: Increased inflammation was found in the left stellate ganglion (LSG) in patients with malignant ventricular arrhythmia (VA). However, the role of inflammation in LSG remodeling is unknown. This study aimed to investigate whether exogenous interleukin-1β (IL-1β) could aggravate VA through regulating LSG remodeling. METHODS: Twenty-four canines who received saline (Control, n=8), IL-1β injection into the LSG (n=8) or IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-Ra) pre-injection plus IL-1β injection (n=8) were included...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820802/antioxidation-role-of-different-lateral-stellate-ganglion-block-in-isoproterenol-induced-acute-myocardial-ischemia-in-rats
#8
Na Wei, Meng Chi, Lin Deng, Guonian Wang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine whether stellate ganglion block (SGB) treatment exerts protective effects against isoproterenol (ISO)-induced acute myocardial ischemia (AMI) due to its antioxidant effects, we aimed to evaluate the protective effects of different lateral SGB agents on the tissue antioxidant status in ISO-induced AMI in male Sprague-Dawley rats. METHODS: The AMI model received an acute ISO overdose to make cardiac ischemia damage at a single dose of 110 mg/kg injected subcutaneously into the rats...
September 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810569/ultrasound-guided-injections-of-botulinum-toxin-type-a-into-stellate-ganglion-to-treat-insomnia
#9
Xu-Dong Ding, Zhi-Gang Ding, Wei Wang, Yan-Ping Liu, Jing Zhong, Hua-Xian Chen
The aim of the study was to investigate the curative effect of botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) injection into stellate ganglion under ultrasound guidance in patients suffering from insomnia. From October 2015 to April 2016, 48 patients suffering from insomnia were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into 2 groups using a random digital grouping method: i) Control group (24 cases), and ii) treatment group (24 cases). Patients in the control group received 1 mg oral estazolam 30 min before sleep every night, while patients in the treatment group received BTX-A injection in bilateral stellate ganglions under ultrasound guidance...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757855/ultrasound-guided-stellate-ganglion-block-for-resistant-ventricular-tachycardia
#10
Amarjeet Kumar, Chandni Sinha, Ajeet Kumar, Anil Kumar Sinha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673269/regulating-autonomic-nervous-system-homeostasis-improves-pulmonary-function-in-rabbits-with-acute-lung-injury
#11
Yan Liu, Tao Tao, Wenzhi Li, Yulong Bo
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effects of regulating autonomic nervous system (ANS) homeostasis by inhibiting sympathetic hyperactivity and/or enhancing parasympathetic activity on pulmonary inflammation and functional disturbance. METHODS: An animal model of acute lung injury (ALI) was established in rabbits by an intratracheal injection of hydrochloric acid (HCl) in rabbits. Animals in control groups were received saline or HCl only, and the others received both HCl and followed treatments: vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), intravenous injection of tetrahydroaminoacridine (THA), or stellate ganglion block (SGB)...
July 3, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623872/uptake-in-sympathetic-ganglia-on-68-ga-psma-hbed-pet-ct-a-potential-pitfall-in-scan-interpretation
#12
Gowri L Kanthan, Edward Hsiao, Dzung Vu, Geoffrey Paul Schembri
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of PSMA-HBED uptake in coeliac and stellate ganglia in patients presenting for PSMA-HBED PET/CT scan. METHODS: Prostate-specific membrane antigen-HBED PET/CT scans of 100 consecutive patients were analysed. Coeliac and stellate ganglia were identified by their anatomical location. PSMA-HBED uptake in these ganglia was recorded as either present or absent. If present, the SUVmax value for each ganglion was measured and compared to SUVmax of mediastinal blood pool...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623036/-arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy-dysplasia-literature-review-and-case-report
#13
William Alejandro Camargo-Ariza, Silvia Juliana Galvis-Blanco, Tatiana Del Pilar Camacho-Enciso, Carlos Alberto Quiroz-Romero, Juan José Bermudez-Echeverry
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia is an inherited autosomal dominant pathology with an estimated prevalence of 1:2,500 to 1:5,000, being higher in males (3:1). It is characterized histologically by replacement of cardiomyocytes by fibro-adipose tissue, which predisposes to ventricular arrhythmias, right ventricular failure, and sudden cardiac death. The main goal of treatment is to reduce the risk of sudden death and improve the quality of life of patients. We present the case of a 23 year old woman whose clinical symptoms started with palpitations, chest pain with physical activity, syncope and headache 6 years ago during her first pregnancy...
June 13, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623018/spiked-helmet-sign-after-percutaneous-left-stellate-ganglion-ablation-in-a-patient-with-long-qt-syndrome
#14
Farid Aliyev, Vugar Abdulkerimov, Enes Elvin Gul, Fuad Samedov, Elnur Isayev, Elnur Ferecov
"Spiked helmet" is a type of ST elevation, which is generally observed in critically ill patients and associated with very poor prognosis. Here we present a case of previously undiagnosed long QT syndrome admitted with polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (PMVT) unresponsive to pharmacological treatment and developed "spiked helmet" sign after left percutaneous stellate ganglion ablation.
June 9, 2017: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590042/changes-in-arrhythmogenic-properties-and-five-year-prognosis-after-carbon-ion-radiotherapy-in-patients-with-mediastinum-cancer
#15
Mari Amino, Koichiro Yoshioka, Makiyoshi Shima, Tohru Okada, Mio Nakajima, Yoshiya Furusawa, Shigetaka Kanda, Sadaki Inokuchi, Teruhisa Tanabe, Yuji Ikari, Tadashi Kamada
INTRODUCTION: Carbon-ion irradiation of rabbit hearts has improved left ventricular conduction abnormalities through upregulation of gap junctions. However, to date, there has been no investigation on the effect of carbon-ion irradiation on electrophysiological properties in human. We investigated this effect in patients with mediastinum extra-cardiac cancer treated with carbon-ion radiotherapy that included irradiating the heart. METHODS AND RESULTS: In April-December 2009, eight patients were prospectively enrolled (including two male, aged 72...
June 7, 2017: Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590038/effects-of-oestrogen-and-cimicifuga-racemosa-on-the-cardiac-noradrenaline-pathway-of-ovariectomized-rats
#16
Yao Liu, Jing Zhang, Shuya Liu, Wenjuan Wang, Xing Chen, Hai Jiang, Junlei Li, Ke Wang, Wenpei Bai, Haicheng Zhang, Lihua Qin
What is the central question of this study? We investigated the effects of oestrogen and Cimicifuga racemosa on the stellate ganglion, cardiac noradrenaline pathway and Ca(2+) -calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II in ovariectomized rats. What is the main finding and its importance? The right stellate ganglion, but not the left, may be associated with decreased left ventricular noradrenaline content in ovariectomized rats. Oestrogen can reverse all changes caused by ovariectomy. Cimicifuga racemosa did not affect left ventricular noradrenaline, but decreased protein expression of β1 -adrenergic receptor and Ca(2+) -calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II...
June 7, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578166/effect-of-cervical-sympathetic-ganglionectomy-on-facial-nerve-reconstruction-using-polyglycolic-acid-collagen-tubes
#17
Gentarou Tsujimoto, Katsuhisa Sunada, Tatsuo Nakamura
A polyglycolic acid-collagen (PGA-c) tube was used as an artificial nerve guide during facial nerve reconstruction performed in a canine model of stellate ganglion block (SGB). The model was generated using a cervical sympathetic ganglionectomy. We evaluated the effects of blood flow on nerve regeneration. First, we resected the left cervical sympathetic ganglion in beagles (n = 6). We assessed buccal mucosal blood flow and nasal skin temperatures once per week for 12 weeks and Horner's sign 2, 4, and 6 months after resection...
May 31, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551062/-alternative-approach-to-autonomic-instability-of-very-severe-tetanus-stellate-ganglion
#18
Başak Altıparmak, Ali İhsan Uysal, Eylem Yaşar, Semra Demirbilek
Tetanus is an acute and deadly disease caused by Clostridium tetani. A 60-year-old male came to hospital after he injured his thumb with a knife. Ten days later, he returned to hospital with abdominal spasms. He was vaccinated against tetanus and referred to intensive care unit. As he had sudden difficulty in respiration, he was entubated. Midazolam, magnesium and esmolol infusion were started. Next day, muscle spasms progressed all over his body. Midazolam infusion was replaced with propofol and vecuronium...
May 24, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533676/efficacy-and-safety-of-stellate-ganglion-block-in-chronic-ulcerative-colitis
#19
COMMENT
Eugene Lipov, Ken Candido
Sympathetic system modulation by stellate ganglion blockade may modulate immune dysfunction and significantly improve symptoms of chronic ulcerative colitis.
May 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522185/orofacial-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-pathophysiologic-mechanisms-and-functional-mri
#20
Yeon-Hee Lee, Kyung Mi Lee, Hyug-Gi Kim, Soo-Kyung Kang, Q-Schick Auh, Jyung-Pyo Hong, Yang-Hyun Chun
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is one of the most challenging chronic pain conditions and is characterized by burning pain, allodynia, hyperalgesia, autonomic changes, trophic changes, edema, and functional loss involving mainly the extremities. Until recently, very few reports have been published concerning CRPS involving the orofacial area. We report on a 50-year-old female patient who presented with unbearable pain in all of her teeth and hypersensitivity of the facial skin. She also reported intractable pain in both extremities accompanied by temperature changes and orofacial pain that increased when the other pains were aggravated...
August 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
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