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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724125/comparison-of-wound-complications-after-immediate-delayed-and-secondary-breast-reconstruction-procedures
#1
Margaret A Olsen, Katelin B Nickel, Ida K Fox, Julie A Margenthaler, Anna E Wallace, Victoria J Fraser
Importance: Few data are available concerning surgical site infection (SSI) and noninfectious wound complications (NIWCs) after delayed (DR) and secondary reconstruction (SR) compared with immediate reconstruction (IR) procedures in the breast. Objective: To compare the incidence of SSI and NIWCs after implant and autologous IR, DR, and SR breast procedures after mastectomy. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study included women aged 18 to 64 years undergoing mastectomy from January 1, 2004, through December 31, 2011...
July 19, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724015/anti-bullying-interventions-in-schools-a-systematic-literature-review
#2
Jorge Luiz da Silva, Wanderlei Abadio de Oliveira, Flávia Carvalho Malta de Mello, Luciane Sá de Andrade, Marina Rezende Bazon, Marta Angélica Iossi Silva
This paper presents a systematic literature review addressing rigorously planned and assessed interventions intended to reduce school bullying. The search for papers was performed in four databases (Lilacs, Psycinfo, Scielo and Web of Science) and guided by the question: What are the interventions used to reduce bullying in schools? Only case-control studies specifically focusing on school bullying without a time frame were included. The methodological quality of investigations was assessed using the SIGN checklist...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724006/development-cooperation-in-water-and-sanitation-is-it-based-on-the-human-rights-framework
#3
Colin Brown, Léo Heller
The water and sanitation sector is verifiably receiving increased attention and funding through international development cooperation. Not least because of the way that it affects incentives and institutions in partner countries, development cooperation can have either positive or negative effects on human rights though. The consolidated frameworks for the human rights to water and sanitation is becoming linked to the international community's coordinated development efforts, as evidenced notably in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723762/recombinant-human-tsh-stimulated-thyroglobulin-levels-at-remnant-ablation-predict-structural-incomplete-response-to-treatment-in-patients-with-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#4
Jeonghoon Ha, Min Hee Kim, Kwanhoon Jo, Yejee Lim, Ja Seong Bae, Sohee Lee, Moo Il Kang, Bong Yun Cha, Dong Jun Lim
In patients with differentiated thyroid cancer, stimulated thyroglobulin (sTg) levels after thyroid hormone withdrawal (THW) at remnant ablation (RA) and at 6 to 12 months are known to have good prognostic value. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic impacts and best cutoff values of sTg levels under recombinant human thyroid stimulating hormone (rhTSH) treatment at RA and at follow-up. A total of 151 patients were enrolled, of whom 77 were followed up with rhTSH-stimulated Tg (rhTSH-sTg) and 74 with THW-stimulated Tg (THW-sTg) at 6 to 12 months after rhTSH-aided RA...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723734/transcanalicular-diode-laser-assisted-revision-surgery-for-failed-dacryocystorhinostomy-with-or-without-distal-or-common-canalicular-obstruction
#5
Je Moon Yoon, Seung Wan Nam, Kyung In Woo, Yoon-Duck Kim
PURPOSE: To report the outcomes of transcanalicular diode laser-assisted revision surgery for failed dacryocystorhinostomy with/without distal or common canalicular obstruction. METHODS: The medical records and recorded videos of consecutive transcanalicular diode laser-assisted revision surgeries performed for failed dacryocystorhinostomy between May 2011 and May 2015 were reviewed. Cases of unavailability of video and cases lost to follow up after surgery were excluded from the study...
July 18, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723721/instrument-adaptation-modification-and-validation-for-cultural-beliefs-about-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-korean-americans
#6
Shin-Young Lee, Eunice E Lee, Frances Aranda
BACKGROUND: Studies on colorectal cancer (CRC) screening among Korean Americans (KAs) lack culturally sensitive, reliable, and validated belief scales. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to adapt, modify, and validate instruments measuring cultural beliefs (physical space, health temporal orientation, personal control, colon cancer fatalism, and health fatalism) about CRC screening in KAs. METHODS: In phase I, instrument adaptation and modification (translation from English into Korean, individual interviews using cognitive interviewing, and expert reviews) were used to make existing cultural beliefs instruments culturally appropriate for KAs...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723720/trends-in-hysteropexy-and-apical-support-for-uterovaginal-prolapse-in-the-united-states-from-2002-to-2012
#7
Annetta M Madsen, Christina Raker, Vivian W Sung
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to describe trends in hysteropexy and apical support for uterovaginal prolapse (UVP) from 2002 to 2012 in the United States. We identified patient and hospital variables associated with hysteropexy and apical support. METHODS: We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample and International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes to identify a population of women 18 years or older with UVP undergoing pelvic organ prolapse surgery from January 1, 2002, to December 31, 2012...
July 19, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723716/refining-the-management-of-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-integrating-11c-choline-pet-ct-scan-into-the-multidisciplinary-team-discussion
#8
Ezio Lanza, Matteo Donadon, Paolo Felisaz, Antonio Mimmo, Arturo Chiti, Guido Torzilli, Luca Balzarini, Egesta Lopci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report the impact of C-choline PET/CT on the management of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and incorporate into a refined algorithm combining diagnostic imaging and multidisciplinary team (MDT) discussion. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From February 2010 to February 2016, the charts of all patients discussed in the liver MDT were revised. Suspected or confirmed HCC lesions or Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stages A, B or C with a C-choline PET/CT performed in our hospital were included in the analyses...
July 18, 2017: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723464/how-to-use-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-in-urological-procedures
#9
Tommaso Cai, Gernot Bonkat, Zafer Tandogdu, Riccardo Bartoletti, Florian M E Wagenlehner, Magnus Grabe, Truls E Bjerklund Johansen
A revision of clinical practice in terms of antimicrobial prophylaxis is urgently needed starting from: (1) obtaining information about local pathogen profiles and antimicrobial resistance, (2) evaluating all patient-related risk factors for the development of infectious complications, (3) and prescribing antimicrobials according to the principles of the European Association of Urology guidelines.
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723311/visual-perceptual-learning-and-models
#10
Barbara Dosher, Zhong-Lin Lu
Visual perceptual learning through practice or training can significantly improve performance on visual tasks. Originally seen as a manifestation of plasticity in the primary visual cortex, perceptual learning is more readily understood as improvements in the function of brain networks that integrate processes, including sensory representations, decision, attention, and reward, and balance plasticity with system stability. This review considers the primary phenomena of perceptual learning, theories of perceptual learning, and perceptual learning's effect on signal and noise in visual processing and decision...
July 19, 2017: Annual Review of Vision Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723217/acid-chlorides-as-formal-carbon-dianion-linchpin-reagents-in-the-aluminum-chloride-mediated-dieckmann-cyclization-of-dicarboxylic-acids
#11
Ahlam M Armaly, Sukanta Bar, Corinna S Schindler
The development of acid chlorides as formal dianion linchpin reagents that enable access to cyclic 2-alkyl- and 2-acyl-1,3-alkanediones from dicarboxylic acids is described herein. Mechanistic experiments relying on (13)C-labeling studies confirm the role of acid chlorides as carbon dianion linchpin reagents and have led to a revised reaction mechanism for the aluminum(III)-mediated Dieckmann cyclization of dicarboxylic acids with acid chlorides.
July 19, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722462/-health-care-provider-legal-rights-and-duties-connected-with-the-complaints
#12
Pavel Uherek
The article deals with the complaints in the area of the health care. It revises the practical procedural issues and questions from the view of the health care facilities. The legal provisions are described through the dominant legal principles, i. e. the considering the complaints as the right of the patient and the principle of non-formal procedure connected with the complaints.
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722381/-revision-of-the-dermatophyte-species-and-the-nomenclature-of-these-fungi
#13
Michel Monod
Dermatophyte species identification often remains difficult because variation of isolates in the same species, overlapping characters in cultures and problems of nomenclature. DNA sequencing recently allowed the genus and species of these fungi to be reexamined. Species names were revised according to the new nomenclature convention adopted for fungi. The conclusions of this taxonomic study were approved by expert practitioners and searchers working with dermatophytes. Important points about species definition and nomenclature changes were summarized in the present communication...
March 29, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722235/analysis-of-safety-related-regulatory-actions-by-japan-s-pharmaceutical-regulatory-agency
#14
Chieko Ishiguro, Takashi Misu, Eiko Iwasa, Tadashi Izawa
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety-related regulatory actions implemented by Japan's Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) in 2012. METHODS: We analyzed serious safety issues appended to drug package inserts (PIs) in Japan in 2012. The issues were characterized according to drug class, adverse event, years since drug approval, initiator of regulatory actions, revised section of PI, and evidence source. We also quantified the durations from signal detection to tentative decision and from tentative decision to regulatory action...
July 19, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721748/influence-of-nationality-on-the-brief-international-cognitive-assessment-for-multiple-sclerosis-bicams
#15
A Smerbeck, Ralph H B Benedict, Arman Eshaghi, Sandra Vanotti, Carina Spedo, Jana Blahova Dusankova, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Vanessa D Marques, Dawn Langdon
OBJECTIVE: In answer to the call for improved accessibility of neuropsychological services to the international community, the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS; MS) was validated in multiple, non-English-speaking countries. It was created to monitor processing speed and learning in MS patients, including abbreviated versions of the Symbol Digit Modalities Test, California Verbal Learning Test, 2nd Edition, and the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test, Revised...
July 19, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721601/high-survivorship-and-few-complications-with-cementless-total-wrist-arthroplasty-at-a-mean-followup-of-9-years
#16
Joseph A Gil, Robin N Kamal, Eugene Cone, Arnold-Peter C Weiss
BACKGROUND: Total wrist arthroplasty (TWA) has been described as traditionally being performed with fixation in the radius and carpus with cement. The TWA implant used in our series has been associated with promising results in studies with up to 6 years followup; however, studies evaluating survivorship, pain, and function with this implant are limited. QUESTION/PURPOSE: (1) To report ROM and pain scores after wrist reconstruction with cementless fourth-generation TWA at a mean followup of 9 years (range, 4...
July 18, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721591/secondary-femur-shaft-fracture-following-treatment-with-cephalomedullary-nail-a-retrospective-single-center-experience
#17
Nikolaus W Lang, J Joestl, S Payr, P Platzer, K Sarahrudi
AIM: Secondary femur fracture subsequent to treatment of trochanteric fractures with cephalomedullary nailing (i.e., a periprosthetic fracture related to the cephalomedullary nail) is a rare but very severe complication. As such, the aim of this study was to assess the impact of revision surgery and general state of health on mortality and functional outcomes in patients suffering femur fractures following treatment with cephalomedullary nails. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2000 and 2015, 3549 patients presenting with OTA/AO 31A1-3 femur fractures were admitted to our department and subsequently treated with either a Gamma(®) Nail or PFNA(®)...
July 18, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721590/high-non-anatomic-tunnel-position-rates-in-acl-reconstruction-failure-using-both-transtibial-and-anteromedial-tunnel-drilling-techniques
#18
Vera Jaecker, Tabea Zapf, Jan-Hendrik Naendrup, Thomas Pfeiffer, Ajay C Kanakamedala, Arasch Wafaisade, Sven Shafizadeh
INTRODUCTION: Although it is well known from cadaveric and biomechanical studies that transtibial femoral tunnel (TT) positioning techniques are associated with non-anatomic tunnel positions, controversial data exist as so far no clinical differences could have been found, comparing transtibial with anteromedial techniques (AM). The purpose of the study was to analyze if graft failure following TT ACL reconstruction was more commonly associated with non-anatomic tunnel position in comparison with the AM technique...
July 18, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721466/the-moge-s-classification-for-cardiomyopathies-current-status-and-future-outlook
#19
REVIEW
Julian G Westphal, Angelos G Rigopoulos, Constantinos Bakogiannis, Sarah E Ludwig, Sophie Mavrogeni, Boris Bigalke, Torsten Doenst, Matthias Pauschinger, Carsten Tschöpe, P Christian Schulze, Michel Noutsias
Cardiomyopathies are complex diseases of multifactorial pathogenesis and have a high morbidity and mortality. Over the past decades, several revisions of classifications and definitions of cardiomyopathies have been proposed, primarily focusing on the phenotypic characterization of cardiomyopathies. The MOGE(S) classification system published in 2013 encompasses the classification of rapidly growing knowledge on genetic mutations, acquired causes (i.e., intramyocardial inflammation, viral infections), and further conditions involved in the induction of cardiomyopathies (e...
July 19, 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721337/2016-revision-to-the-who-classification-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#20
Ming Hong, Guangsheng He
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
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