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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070848/intravaginal-delivery-of-polyphenon-60-and-curcumin-nanoemulsion-gel
#1
Atinderpal Kaur, Yashaswee Saxena, Rakhi Bansal, Sonal Gupta, Amit Tyagi, Rakesh Kumar Sharma, Javed Ali, Amulya Kumar Panda, Reema Gabrani, Shweta Dang
Polyphenon 60 (P60) and curcumin (CUR) were loaded in a single nanoemulsion system and their combined antibacterial action was studied against uropathogenic Escherichia coli. To enhance availability at target organs and to inhibit enzymatic degradation in gastro intestinal tract, vaginal route of administration was explored. P60 + CUR nanoemulsion (NE) was formulated by ultra-sonication and optimized using Box-Behnken design. Optimized NE showed Z-average of 211.2 nm, polydispersity index of 0.343, and zeta potential of -32...
January 9, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063322/quantitation-of-rat-cerebral-blood-flow-using-99m-tc-hmpao
#2
Chie Suzuki, Shintaro Kimura, Mutsumi Kosugi, Yasuhiro Magata
INTRODUCTION: Technetium-99m-hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime ((99m)Tc-HMPAO) is potentially useful for the assessment of cerebral blood flow (CBF) in small animals. In this paper, a procedure for quantitation of rat CBF using (99m)Tc-HMPAO was determined. METHODS: Biodistribution of (99m)Tc-radioactivity in normal rats was determined after intravenous administration of (99m)Tc-HMPAO. Acetazolamide treated rats were intravenously administered with the mixture of (99m)Tc-HMPAO and N-isopropyl-[(125)I]iodoamphetamine ([(125)I]IMP), and arterial blood was then collected for 5min...
December 22, 2016: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056732/development-of-a-radiolabeled-amlodipine-analog-for-l-type-calcium-channel-imaging
#3
Tahereh Firouzyar, Amir Reza Jalilian, Mohammad Reza Aboudzadeh, Hossein Sadeghpour, Mehrban Pooladi, Mahdi Shafiee-Ardestani, Ali Khalaj
PURPOSE: The non-invasive imaging and quantification of L-type calcium channels in living tissues is of great interest in diagnosis of congestive heart failure, myocardial hypertrophy, irritable bowel syndrome etc. METHODS: Technetium-<sup>99m</sup> labeled amlodipine conjugate ([<sup>99m</sup>Tc]-DTPA-AMLO) was prepared starting freshly eluted (<1 h) <sup>99m</sup>Technetium pertechnetate (86.5 MBq) and conjugated DTPA-AMLO at pH 5 in 30 min at room temperature in high radiochemical purity (>99%, RTLC; specific activity: 55-60 GBq/mmol)...
January 4, 2017: Current Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053523/anti-muc1-nano-aptamers-for-triple-negative-breast-cancer-imaging-by-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-in-inducted-animals-initial-considerations
#4
Fagner Santos do Carmo, Eduardo Ricci-Junior, Cristal Cerqueira-Coutinho, Marta de Souza Albernaz, Emerson Soares Bernardes, Sotiris Missailidis, Ralph Santos-Oliveira
The early and specific detection of tumors remains a barrier in oncology, especially in cases such as the triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). To address this gap, aptamers have found an important application in the recognition of tumor biomarkers such as mucin 1 (MUC1). However, there are still some difficulties in the use of aptamer, as their rapid biological clearance makes their use as drugs limited. In this study, the anti-MUC1 aptamer was used as a drug delivery system (DDS) for a radioactive polymeric nanoparticle (NP) in the imaging of TNBCs...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051295/long-term-immobilization-of-technetium-via-bioremediation-with-slow-release-substrates
#5
Laura Newsome, Adrian Cleary, Katherine Morris, Jonathan R Lloyd
Radionuclides are present in groundwater at contaminated nuclear facilities with technetium-99 one of the most mobile radionuclides encountered. In situ bioremediation via the generation of microbially-reducing conditions has the potential to remove aqueous and mobile Tc(VII) from groundwater as insoluble Tc(IV). However, questions remain regarding the optimal methods of biostimulation and the stability of reduced Tc(IV) phases under oxic conditions. Here, we selected a range of slow-release electron donor / chemical reduction based substrates available for contaminated land treatment, and assessed their potential to stimulate the formation of recalcitrant Tc(IV) biominerals under conditions relevant to radioactively contaminated land...
January 4, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051047/evaluation-of-the-use-of-laparoscopic-guided-cholecystocholangiography-and-liver-biopsy-in-definitive-diagnosis-of-neonatal-cholestatic-jaundice
#6
Khalid Shreef, Abdullah Alhelal
BACKGROUND: Once it is established that a jaundiced infant has direct hyperbilirubinemia, the principal diagnostic concern is to differentiate hepatocellular from obstructive cholestasis. Traditional tests such as ultrasonography, percutaneous liver biopsy and technetium 99 m hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid (HIDA) scan are often not sufficiently discriminating. Definitive exclusion of biliary atresia (BA) in the infant with cholestatic jaundice usually requires mini-laparotomy and intra-operative cholangiography...
October 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050864/technetium-pyrophosphate-uptake-in-transthyretin-cardiac-amyloidosis-associations-with-echocardiographic-disease-severity-and-outcomes
#7
Michael N Vranian, Brett W Sperry, Mazen Hanna, Rory Hachamovitch, Asad Ikram, Richard C Brunken, Wael A Jaber
BACKGROUND: Quantitative uptake of Technetium 99 m-pyrophosphate (TcPYP) is sensitive and specific for diagnosing transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR). We sought to examine the association between TcPYP uptake intensity and echocardiographic measures of disease severity and clinical outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective analysis was performed of 75 patients who underwent TcPYP scintigraphy. Planar images were evaluated semiquantitatively and using heart-to-contralateral lung (H/CL) ratio...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034704/antioxidants-taken-orally-prior-to-diagnostic-radiation-exposure-can-prevent-dna-injury
#8
Nivethan Velauthapillai, Joe Barfett, Hussein Jaffer, David Mikulis, Kieran Murphy
PURPOSE: To evaluate efficacy of oral antioxidant treatment given to patients before radiologic procedures in reducing x-ray-induced DNA damage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a single-center prospective controlled trial, antioxidant treatment with 2 g ascorbate, 1.2 g N-acetylcysteine, 600 mg lipoic acid, and 30 mg beta carotene was given to 5 consecutive participants before undergoing clinically indicated technetium-99m methylene diphosphonate ((99m)Tc MDP) bone scans for cancer staging...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027609/prediction-of-high-grade-vesicoureteral-reflux-in-children-younger-than-2-years-using-renal-sonography-a-preliminary-study
#9
Sun Kyoung You, Jong Chun Kim, Won Hong Park, So Mi Lee, Hyun-Hae Cho
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the predictive value of renal sonography for vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and the efficacy of renal sonography, technetium Tc 99m-labeled dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scanning, and a combination of the two for VUR screening in children younger than 2 years with a first episode of febrile urinary tract infection. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients younger than 2 years with a first febrile urinary tract infection were included in our study, which was conducted from April through October 2014...
April 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027110/unaltered-dopamine-transporter-availability-in-drug-naive-patients-with-schizophrenia-after-6-months-of-antipsychotics-treatment-a-naturalistic-study
#10
Wei Hung Chang, Kao Chin Chen, I Hui Lee, Mei Hung Chi, Po See Chen, Wei Jen Yao, Nan Tsing Chiu, Yen Kuang Yang
BACKGROUND: Dopaminergic dysfunction, namely, dopamine transporter (DAT) availability variations in patients with drug-naive schizophrenia after long-term treatment, is still not well understood. The aims of the study were to explore (i) whether the DAT availability in patients with drug-naive schizophrenia differed after antipsychotic treatment and (ii) whether treatment with different generations of antipsychotics influenced the DAT availability after follow-up for 6 months. METHODS: Twenty-four first-episode, drug-naive patients with schizophrenia were divided into first- and second-generation antipsychotic groups naturalistically...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026187/structure-and-thermochemistry-of-perrhenate-sodalite-and-mixed-guest-perrhenate-pertechnetate-sodalite
#11
Eric M Pierce, Kristina Lilova, David M Missimer, Wayne W Lukens, Lili Wu, Jeffrey Fitts, Claudia Rawn, Ashfia Huq, Donovan N Leonard, Jeremy R Eskelsen, Brian F Woodfield, Carol M Jantzen, Alexandra Navrotsky
Treatment and immobilization of technetium-99 ((99)Tc) contained in reprocessed nuclear waste and present in contaminated subsurface systems represents a major environmental challenge. One potential approach to managing this highly mobile and long-lived radionuclide is immobilization into micro- and meso-porous crystalline solids, specifically sodalite. We synthesized and characterized the structure of perrhenate sodalite, Na8[AlSiO4]6(ReO4)2, and the structure of a mixed guest perrhenate/pertechnetate sodalite, Na8[AlSiO4]6(ReO4)2-x(TcO4)x...
December 27, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007370/in-vivo-biodistribution-of-antihyperglycemic-biopolymer-based-nanoparticles-for-the-treatment-of-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes
#12
Marlene Lopes, Denise Aniceto, Margarida Abrantes, Susana Simões, Fábio Branco, Isabel Vitória, M Filomena Botelho, Raquel Seiça, Francisco Veiga, António Ribeiro
This study aimed to assess the biodistribution of antihyperglycemic insulin-loaded alginate/dextran sulfate-based nanoparticles dual coated with chitosan and technetium-99m-albumin ((99m)Tc-BSA) after oral administration. The oral administration of 50IU/kg insulin-loaded nanoparticles to type 1 diabetic rats showed prolonged antihyperglycemic effects up to 12h and relative pharmacological availability of 5.04% comparing to the subcutaneous administration. The oral antihyperglycemic effect was further compared between type 1 and type 2 diabetic models by the intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test, revealing that the effect lasted longer in the type 1 diabetic model...
December 19, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007368/fluorescent-versus-radioguided-lymph-node-mapping-in-bladder-cancer
#13
Wojciech Polom, Marcin Markuszewski, Wojciech Cytawa, Piotr Czapiewski, Piotr Lass, Marcin Matuszewski
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to compare 2 methods of the sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) procedure in bladder cancer: we applied technetium radiocolloid (RadCol) detected by a gamma ray detection probe, and indocyanine green (ICG) detected by a near-infrared fluorescent (NIRF) camera. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The SLNB was performed on 50 patients using the RadCol and the ICG, followed by a lymphadenectomy and a pathologic examination. RESULTS: In the analyzed group of 47 patients (3 patients were excluded owing to the lack of lymphatic drainage from the tumor), the SLNB was performed using the 2 methods...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002156/technetium-99m-albumin-scintigraphy-in-protein-losing-gastroenteropathy-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-typical-diagnostic-pattern-of-radiotracer-leakage-and-chronological-improvement-by-treatment
#14
Akira Nishino, Masanori Hanaoka, Yasuhiro Katsumata, Yasushi Kawaguchi, Hisashi Yamanaka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998671/synthesis-physicochemical-and-biological-studies-of-technetium-99m-labeled-tacrine-derivative-as-a-diagnostic-tool-for-evaluation-of-cholinesterase-level
#15
Ewa Gniazdowska, Przemysław Koźmiński, Marek Wasek, Marek Bajda, Joanna Sikora, Elżbieta Mikiciuk-Olasik, Paweł Szymański
In the present work the synthesis and physicochemical investigations of new tacrine analogues labeled with technetium-99m are reported. All obtained novel radioconjugates showed high stability in the presence of an excess of standard amino acids cysteine or histidine, as well as in human serum. Lipophilicity (LogD values) of these compounds is within the range from 0.92 to 1.56. For the selected radioconjugate (99m)Tc(NS3)(CN-NH(CH2)7Tac) (LogD=1.56) the biological activity studies in the course of inhibition of acetylcholinesterase action have been performed (IC50=45...
December 7, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994638/platelet-12-lipoxygenase-targeting-via-a-newly-synthesized-curcumin-derivative-radiolabeled-with-technetium-99m
#16
Reem Ibrahim Al-Wabli, Tamer Mostafa Mohamed Hafez Sakr, Mohammed Abdou Khedr, Adly Abdallah Selim, Mohamed Abd El-Motaleb Abd El-Rahman, Wafaa Abdou Zaghary
BACKGROUND: One of the most popular techniques for cancer detection is the nuclear medicine technique. The present research focuses on Platelet-12-lipoxygenase (P-12-LOX) as a promising target for treating and radio-imaging tumor tissues. Curcumin was reported to inhibit this enzyme via binding to its active site. RESULTS: A novel curcumin derivative was successfully synthesized and characterized with yield of 74%. It was radiolabeled with the diagnostic radioisotope technetium-99m with 84% radiochemical yield and in vitro stability up to 6 h...
2016: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993403/biopsy-of-the-sentinel-node-in-lung-cancer
#17
Naia Uribe-Etxebarria Lugariza-Aresti, Ramón Barceló Galíndez, Joaquín Pac Ferrer, Jaime Méndez Martín, Jose Genollá Subirats, Juan Casanova Viudez
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Mediastinal lymph node involvement can be understaged in cases of lung cancer (up to 20% in stage i). Sentinel node detection is a standard technique recommended in breast cancer and melanoma action guidelines, and could also be useful in cases of lung cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Considering the detection of the sentinel node in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) as feasible, a prospective cohort study was carried out on 48 patients with resectable NSCLC, using the intraoperative injection of colloid sulphate technetium-99...
December 16, 2016: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986208/advances-in-prostate-cancer-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-for-staging-and-radiotherapy-treatment-planning
#18
REVIEW
Drew Moghanaki, Baris Turkbey, Neha Vapiwala, Behfar Ehdaie, Steven J Frank, Patrick W McLaughlin, Mukesh Harisinghani
Conventional prostate cancer staging strategies have limited accuracy to define the location, grade, and burden of disease. Evaluations have historically relied upon prostate-specific antigen levels, digital rectal examinations, random systematic biopsies, computed tomography, pelvic lymphadenectomy, or (99m)technetium methylene diphosphonate bone scans. Today, risk-stratification tools incorporate these data in a weighted format to guide management. However, the limitations and potential consequences of their uncertainties are well known...
January 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981843/radiolabeled-rhein-as-novel-small-molecule-necrosis-avid-agents-for-rapid-imaging-of-necrotic-myocardium
#19
Qi Luo, Qiaomei Jin, Chang Su, Dongjian Zhang, Cuihua Jiang, Anne Folta Fish, Yuanbo Feng, Yicheng Ni, Jian Zhang, Zhiqi Yin
A rapid and accurate identification of necrotic myocardium is of great importance for diagnosis, risk stratification, clinical decision-making, and prognosis evaluation of myocardial infarction. Here we explored technetium-99m labeled rhein derivatives for rapid imaging of the necrotic myocardium. Three hydrazinonicotinic acid-linker-rhein (HYNIC-linker-rhein) derivatives were synthesised and then these synthetic compounds were labeled with technetium-99m using ethylenediaminediacetic acid (EDDA) and tricine as coligands [99mTc(EDDA)-HYNIC-linker-rhein]...
December 16, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981470/immunoglobulin-g-igg-based-imaging-probe-accumulates-in-m1-macrophage-infiltrated-atherosclerotic-plaques-independent-of-igg-target-molecule-expression
#20
Yoichi Shimizu, Hiroko Hanzawa, Yan Zhao, Sagiri Fukura, Ken-Ichi Nishijima, Takeshi Sakamoto, Songji Zhao, Nagara Tamaki, Mikako Ogawa, Yuji Kuge
PURPOSE: Vulnerable plaques are key factors for ischemic diseases. Thus, their precise detection is necessary for the diagnosis of such diseases. Immunoglobulin G (IgG)-based imaging probes have been developed for imaging biomolecules related to plaque formation for the diagnosis of atherosclerosis. However, IgG accumulates nonspecifically in atherosclerotic regions, and its accumulation mechanisms have not yet been clarified in detail. Therefore, we explored IgG accumulation mechanisms in atherosclerotic lesions and examined images of radiolabeled IgG for the diagnosis of atherosclerosis...
December 15, 2016: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
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