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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032605/non-apoptotic-functions-of-fas-cd95-in-the-immune-response
#1
REVIEW
Jean-Philippe Guégan, Patrick Legembre
CD95 (also known as Fas) is a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) superfamily. Its cognate ligand, CD95L, is implicated in immune homeostasis and immune surveillance. Mutations in this receptor are associated with a loss of apoptotic signaling and have been detected in an autoimmune disorder called autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) type Ia, which shares some clinical features with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In addition, deletions and mutations of CD95 have been described in many cancers, which led researchers to initially classify this receptor as a tumor suppressor...
October 15, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021840/vaccination-and-autoimmune-diseases-is-prevention-of-adverse-health-effects-on-the-horizon
#2
REVIEW
Maria Vadalà, Dimitri Poddighe, Carmen Laurino, Beniamino Palmieri
Autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis and type 1 diabetes mellitus, affect about 5% of the worldwide population. In the last decade, reports have accumulated on various autoimmune disorders, such as idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura, myopericarditis, primary ovarian failure, and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), following vaccination. In this review, we discuss the possible underlying mechanisms of autoimmune reactions following vaccinations and review cases of autoimmune diseases that have been correlated with vaccination...
September 2017: EPMA Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019060/reports-of-three-cases-with-the-initial-presentation-of-mesenteric-vasculitis-in-children-with-system-lupus-erythematous
#3
REVIEW
Yuan Liu, Jia Zhu, Jian Ming Lai, Xue Feng Sun, Jun Hou, Zhi Xuan Zhou, Xin Yu Yuan
We reviewed three cases of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in children with mesenteric vasculitis (LMV) as initial presentation and analysed their clinical characteristics to improve the understanding of this disease. Three patients with SLE were admitted to our hospital and initially presented with gastrointestinal symptoms. We retrospectively analysed their clinical data, including clinical presentations, laboratory results, images and short- and long-term treatment outcomes. (1) All three children were school-age girls...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990859/hematoxylin-bodies-in-pediatric-bone-marrow-aspirates-and-their-utility-in-the-diagnosis-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#4
Min Xu, Karen M Chisholm, Guang Fan, Anne M Stevens, Joe C Rutledge
In our recent case report, the finding of lupus erythematosus (LE) cells in a bone marrow aspirate led to the diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and appropriate treatment, although the patient was not clinically suspected to have SLE. To determine whether LE cells are present in the bone marrow aspirates of SLE patients, but overlooked in routine bone marrow morphology review, bone marrow aspirates from 30 pediatric patients (15 with SLE and 15 with other diagnoses) evaluated by rheumatologists were reviewed...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988206/cigarette-smoking-and-the-risk-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-overall-and-by-anti-double-stranded-dna-antibody-subtype-in-the-nurses-health-study-cohorts
#5
Medha Barbhaiya, Sara K Tedeschi, Bing Lu, Susan Malspeis, David Kreps, Jeffrey A Sparks, Elizabeth W Karlson, Karen H Costenbader
OBJECTIVES: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a heterogeneous autoimmune disease, subtyped according to clinical manifestations and autoantibodies. Evidence concerning cigarette smoking and SLE risk has been conflicting. We investigated smoking and SLE risk, overall and by anti-double stranded DNA (dsDNA) presence, in two prospective cohort studies. METHODS: The Nurses' Health Study (NHS) enrolled 121 701 US female nurses in 1976; Nurses' Health Study II (NHSII) enrolled 116 430 in 1989...
October 7, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983873/updates-in-lupus-genetics
#6
REVIEW
Yun Deng, Betty P Tsao
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Our understanding on genetic basis of SLE has been advanced through genome-wide association studies. We review recent progress in lupus genetics with a focus on SLE-associated loci that have been functionally characterized, and discuss the potential for clinical translation of genetics data. RECENT FINDINGS: Over 100 loci have been confirmed to show robust association with SLE and many share with other immune-mediated diseases. Although causative variants captured at these established loci are limited, they guide biological studies of gene targets for functional characterization which highlight the importance of aberrant recognition of self-nucleic acid, type I interferon overproduction, and defective immune cell signaling underlying the pathogenesis of SLE...
October 5, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983416/atrial-fibrillation-following-therapy-with-high-dose-i-v-methylprednisolone-a-brief-case-based-review
#7
Ciro Romano, Valentina Sirotti, Vincenza Farinaro, Vittorio Luiso, Eleonora Solaro, Chiara De Sio, Anna Salemme, Andrea Del Mastro, Riccardo Giunta
Atrial fibrillation following high-dose i.v. steroids for treatment of severe immune-mediated diseases has been rarely reported in the literature. Here we report a further case of atrial fibrillation following high-dose i.v. methylprednisolone (HDIVMP) therapy of severe thrombocytopenia in a female patient with a flare-up of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The available literature on this topic is reviewed as well.
September 2017: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974909/age-adjusted-charlson-comorbidity-index-scores-predict-major-adverse-cardiovascular-events-and-all-cause-mortality-among-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients
#8
Mei-Hua Chuang, Tzyy-Ling Chuang, Kuang-Yung Huang, Yuh-Feng Wang
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular events are the most frequent cause of death or disability among people with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, the causes of this increased the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) are not completely understood. The Age-adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index (ACCI) is a prognostic classification that was initially developed for patients who have a number of comorbid conditions and the ACCI has been validated in many clinical settings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 5998 patients were enrolled from the National Health Research Institute Database of Taiwan...
July 2017: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971307/non-tuberculous-mycobacterium-bacteraemia-in-a-pregnant-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-sle-patient-a-case-review-and-pooled-case-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Syahrul Sazliyana Shaharir, Narisa Sulaiman Sahari, Zeena Mohamed Fuad, Wan Zul Haikal Wan Zukiman, Nurul Hafizah Mohd Yusof, Anita Sulong, Petrick Periasamy
Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are recognized as an important cause of human diseases and infections. It is commonly known to cause infections of the skin, soft tissue infections, and pulmonary infection as well as bacteraemia. We report a challenging case of severe mycobacterium abscessus bacteraemia in a pregnant lady with active systemic lupus erythematous (SLE). A comprehensive literature review of NTM infection among SLE patients was also performed, and pooled analysis of the reported cases, including our case, was done to determine the clinical characteristics and factors associated with poor outcome of NTM infection...
October 3, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971213/zytopenien-an%C3%A3-mie-leukopenie-und-thrombopenie
#10
REVIEW
C Kneitz, J Atta, H Burkhardt
Hematological alterations can often be observed during rheumatic diseases. The effects can be clinically severe, ranging from anemia of different grades of severity, through increased risk of hemorrhage due to thrombocytopenia up to severe infections as a result of high-grade leukocytopenia. The clinical sequelae for patients are predominantly determined by the extent of cytopenia. The underlying disease itself can initially be considered as the cause. Examples are anemia as a result of chronic inflammation, antibody-mediated thrombocytopenia as in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or granulocytopenia within the framework of Felty's syndrome...
October 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968809/the-worldwide-incidence-and-prevalence-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review-of-epidemiological-studies
#11
Frances Rees, Michael Doherty, Matthew J Grainge, Peter Lanyon, Weiya Zhang
Objectives: The aim was to review the worldwide incidence and prevalence of SLE and variation with age, sex, ethnicity and time. Methods: A systematic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE search engines was carried out using Medical Subject Headings and keyword search terms for Systemic Lupus Erythematosus combined with incidence, prevalence and epidemiology in August 2013 and updated in September 2016. Author, journal, year of publication, country, region, case-finding method, study period, number of incident or prevalent cases, incidence (per 100 000 person-years) or prevalence (per 100 000 persons) and age, sex or ethnic group-specific incidence or prevalence were collected...
August 9, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961019/damage-associated-molecular-patterns-and-their-role-as-initiators-of-inflammatory-and-auto-immune-signals-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#12
Karen Álvarez, Gloria Vasquez
Damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) are endogenous molecules that are released into the extracellular space under conditions of activation, cellular stress, or tissue damage. These molecules are recognized by pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs) and can induce inflammation and immune responses in the absence of infection. An increasing number of DAMPs have been linked to the pathogenesis of many auto-immune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), psoriatic arthritis, and systemic sclerosis (SSc); as they promote the maturation/activation of different immune cells and pro-inflammatory cytokines production associated with these diseases...
September 29, 2017: International Reviews of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957962/neutrophil-extracellular-traps-in-vasculitis-friend-or-foe
#13
Daniel Söderberg, Mårten Segelmark
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) can be found at the sites of vascular lesions and in the circulation of patients with active small vessel vasculitis. Neutrophils from vasculitis patients release more NETs in vitro, and NETs have properties that can harm the vasculature both directly and indirectly. There are several ways to interfere with NET formation, which open for new therapeutic options. However, there are several types of NETs and different mechanisms of NET formation, and these might have different effects on inflammation...
September 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955334/the-role-of-brain-reactive-autoantibodies-in-brain-pathology-and-cognitive-impairment
#14
REVIEW
Simone Mader, Lior Brimberg, Betty Diamond
Antibodies to different brain proteins have been recently found to be associated with an increasing number of different autoimmune diseases. They need to penetrate the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in order to bind antigens within the central nervous system (CNS). They can target either neuronal or non-neuronal antigen and result in damage either by themselves or in synergy with other inflammatory mediators. Antibodies can lead to acute brain pathology, which may be reversible; alternatively, they may trigger irreversible damage that persists even though the antibodies are no longer present...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952322/coexistence-of-antiphospholipid-antibodies-and-cephalalgia
#15
Md Asiful Islam, Fahmida Alam, Siew Hua Gan, Cinzia Cavestro, Kah Keng Wong
Background The occurrence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs) and headache comorbidity in the presence or absence of underlying autoimmune diseases remains unclear. Aim The aim of this review was to summarize the relationship between headache and aPLs based on evidences from cohort studies and case reports, in addition to examining the treatment strategies that resolved headache in aPLs-positive individuals. Methods A comprehensive literature search was conducted through PubMed, ISI Web of Science and Google Scholar...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948379/systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients-with-high-disease-activity-are-associated-with-accelerated-incidence-of-osteonecrosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Kui Zhang, Yan Zheng, Junfeng Jia, Jin Ding, Zhenbiao Wu
Osteonecrosis (ON) is one of the serious complications for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE); we aimed to study the risk relationship between disease activity and incidence of ON in SLE patients. The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library databases were searched for papers published up to May 2016 with English-language restriction; studies that compared disease activity between SLE patients with and without ON would be included, and eight studies involving a total of 1119 SLE patients were included. The incidence of ON in SLE was significantly associated with high patient's disease activity, including the degree (pool odds ratio 2...
September 25, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944137/pulmonary-hypertension-associated-with-antiphospholipid-antibody-call-for-a-screening-tool
#17
REVIEW
Rukma Parthvi, Rutuja R Sikachi, Abhinav Agrawal, Ajay Adial, Abhinav Vulisha, Sameer Khanijo, Arunabh Talwar
Antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies are antibodies specific for anionic phospholipids. They are immunoglobulins that attack phospholipids, phospholipid-binding proteins, or phospholipid-protein complexes and are detected in anticardiolipin and lupus anticoagulant assays. aPL antibodies are often associated with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) which can be idiopathic or from secondary causes such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), infection or drugs. They have also been shown to be associated with Pulmonary Hypertension...
August 2017: Intractable & Rare Diseases Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937057/outcome-of-childhood-lupus-nephritis-in-saudi-children
#18
Sulaiman Mohammed Al-Mayouf, Ali AlAmeer, Areej Alfattani, Abdullah Alsonbul
Our aim in this study is to report the long-term renal outcome of a cohort of Saudi children with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). All patients with childhood lupus nephritis (cLN) proved by renal biopsy seen between January 2000 and June 2015 were reviewed. The renal outcome was assessed according to serum creatinine level, protein/creatinine ratio at the last follow-up visit, and/or evidence of renal impairment during follow-up period and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Additional outcome measures include accrual damage measured by pediatric adaptation of the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index (pSDI), and death related to SLE was determined...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929625/association-of-trauma-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-with-incident-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-a-longitudinal-cohort-of-women
#19
Andrea L Roberts, Susan Malspeis, Laura D Kubzansky, Candace H Feldman, Shun-Chiao Chang, Karestan C Koenen, Karen H Costenbader
OBJECTIVE: To conduct the first longitudinal study examining whether trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are associated with increased risk of incident systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a civilian cohort. METHODS: We examined the association of trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms with SLE incidence over 24 years of follow-up in a US longitudinal cohort of women (n = 54,763). Incident SLE in women meeting ≥4 American College of Rheumatology criteria was ascertained by self-report and confirmed by medical record review...
September 20, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927315/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-epidemiology-of-polyautoimmunity-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-secondary-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-focusing-on-autoimmune-rheumatic-diseases
#20
H Alani, J R Henty, N L Thompson, E Jury, C Ciurtin
OBJECTIVE: The epidemiology of polyautoimmunity in Sjögren's syndrome (secondary Sjögren's syndrome - sSS) is not well defined and has not been investigated before using a systematic approach. We conducted a systematic review of the epidemiology of sSS associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), scleroderma, and myositis, assessing the prevalence rates (PRs) and clinical and serological features of sSS. METHOD: A systematic literature search of PubMed and Embase databases (updated to March 2016) was performed to identify all published data on PR, demographic profile, clinical manifestations, laboratory features, and causes of death associated with sSS...
September 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
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