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chest x ray multiple trauma

Saeed Safari, Fatemeh Radfar, Alireza Baratloo
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of NEXUS chest and Thoracic Injury Rule out criteria (TIRC) models in predicting the risk of intra-thoracic injuries following blunt multiple trauma. METHODS: In this diagnostic accuracy study, using the 2 mentioned models, blunt multiple trauma patients over the age of 15 years presenting to emergency department were screened regarding the presence of intra-thoracic injuries that are detectable via chest x-ray and screening performance characteristics of the models were compared...
February 2, 2018: Injury
Toshinori Komatsu, Tamaki Takano, Hiromu Kehara, Megumi Fuke, Takamitsu Terasaki, Masayuki Sakaguchi
BACKGROUND: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair is now widely applied to the treatment of blunt aortic injury. However, its long-term outcomes remain unclear. Endoleakage and migration might occur in the long term, especially when younger patients undergo endovascular aortic repair. In open stent grafting, the proximal end of the open stent graft is directly sutured to the native aorta, which may reduce the risk of endoleakage and migration. We applied open stent grafting to the treatment of blunt aortic injury in the subacute phase and herein report the patient's clinical course...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Klemens Horst, Hagen Andruszkow, Christian D Weber, Miguel Pishnamaz, Christian Herren, Qiao Zhi, Matthias Knobe, Rolf Lefering, Frank Hildebrand, Hans-Christoph Pape
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Thoracic trauma remains to be a relevant injury to the polytraumatised patient. However, literature regarding how far changes in clinical guidelines for pre- and in-hospital trauma management and diagnostic procedures affect the outcome of multiple injured patients with severe chest injury during a long-term observation period is sparse. METHODS: Multiple traumatised patients (age≥16y) documented in the TraumaRegister DGU® (TR-DGU) from January 1st 2005 to December 31st 2014 with severe chest trauma (AIS≥3) were included in this study...
2017: PloS One
Tetsuya Yumoto, Yoshinori Kosaki, Yasuaki Yamakawa, Atsuyoshi Iida, Hirotsugu Yamamoto, Taihei Yamada, Kohei Tsukahara, Hiromichi Naito, Takaaki Osako, Atsunori Nakao
Worldwide, hemorrhagic shock in major trauma remains a major potentially preventable cause of death. Controlling bleeding and subsequent coagulopathy is a big challenge. Immediate assessment of unidentified bleeding sources is essential in blunt trauma patients with hemorrhagic shock. Chest/pelvic X-ray in conjunction with ultrasonography have been established classically as initial diagnostic imaging modalities to identify the major sources of internal bleeding including intra-thoracic, intra-abdominal, or retroperitoneal hemorrhage related to pelvic fracture...
October 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
Elias Fakhoury, Daria Abolghasemi, Justin McKinney, Alena Naumova, Scott Wessner, Osama Elsawy, Jamshed Zuberi, Robert V Madlinger
BACKGROUND: Senior surgical residents are of paramount importance in directing further therapeutic modalities based on their interpretation of critical diagnostic imaging. We propose that senior surgical residents are proficient with interpreting radiologic imaging studies in the trauma patient. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was performed comparing surgery resident interpretations of computed tomography (CT) scans of the head, maxillofacial bones, spine (cervical, thoracic, lumbar), chest, abdomen, pelvis, and chest X-rays versus final radiologists' reports at a Level II trauma center from September 2014 to May 2015...
January 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Piotr Nockowski, Zdzisław Woźniak, Adam Reich, Joanna Maj
Dear Editor, An 83-year-old woman developed yellow-brownish infiltrates, nodules, and tumors mimicking xanthomas, mostly involving the periorbital and chest area within three months (Figure 1). She had no abnormalities in serum cholesterol or triglycerides levels. A detailed laboratory analysis revealed the presence of mild monoclonal gammopathy with a presence of immunoglobulin G (IgG) kappa light chains; however, according to hematologist consultation, it did not require medical intervention. Imaging assessment and ultrasound examination did not show any specific involvement of internal organs...
July 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Jonggeun Lee, Jeong Su Cho, Hoseok I, Yeong Dae Kim
BACKGROUND: Chylothorax is a disease that has various causes such as neoplasm, infection, post-surgery trauma, congenital, and venous thrombosis. In approximately 15% of cases of chylothorax, the exact cause is unknown. We report a case of delayed occurrence of right chylothorax in a patient who had multiple segmental ribs fracture on his left side. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old Asian man had a "rollover" accident in which the cultivator he was driving overturned...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Setareh Asgarzadeh, Bahareh Feizi, Farhad Sarabandi, Morteza Asgarzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Doing Chest X Ray (CXR) for all trauma patients is not efficient and cost effective due to its low diagnostic value. The present study was designed aiming to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of thoracic injury rule out criteria (TIRC) in prediction of traumatic intra-thoracic injuries and need for CXR. METHOD: The present study is a prospective cross-sectional study that has been carried out to evaluate the accuracy of TIRC model in screening blunt multiple trauma patients in need of CXR for ruling out intra-thoracic injuries...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
Waseem M Hajjar, Nourah Alsubaie, Thamer A Nouh, Sami A Al-Nassar
Traumatic chest injury is one of the leading causes of death in motor vehicle accident (MVA). A complete tracheobronchial injury occurred in 1% of trauma cases and most of the cases died before arrival to the emergency department. We report a 37-year-old female involved in MVA presented to the emergency room (ER) with normal vital signs. Ten minutes later, her saturation dropped to 75%, which required ventilation; however, two attempts for endotracheal intubation failed. The third time frova airway intubating introducer used and succeeded...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Shayna C Rivard, Elizabeth Satter
A 31-year-old Filipino active duty marine presented with a 2-year history of a waxing and waning nodule on his left cheek that had been incised and drained on multiple occasions. The patient had no significant medical history other than a positive purified protein derivative test with negative chest x-ray finding treated with a 9-month course of isoniazid in 2010. He denied cough, fever, chills, night sweats, weight loss, joint/bone pain, or prior trauma to the area. On initial examination, there was a 1×1-cm erythematous indurated nodule associated with an overlying violaceous scar on his left preauricular cheek...
2016: Skinmed
Baig M Idris, Ashraf F Hefny
INTRODUCTION: Pneumothorax is the most common potentially life-threatening blunt chest injury. The management of pneumothorax depends upon the etiology, its size and hemodynamic stability of the patient. Most clinicians agree that chest drainage is essential for the management of traumatic large pneumothorax. Herein, we present a case of large pneumothorax in blunt chest trauma patient that resolved spontaneously without a chest drain. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 63- year- old man presented to the Emergency Department complaining of left lateral chest pain due to a fall on his chest at home...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Hendrik Wyen, Sebastian Wutzler, Miriam Rüsseler, Martin Mack, Felix Walcher, Ingo Marzi
BACKGROUND: A regionalized approach to trauma care with the implementation of designated level I trauma centers has been shown to improve survival after multiple injuries. Our study aimed to describe the current reality in an urban German level I university trauma center concerning the primary admission of patients into the emergency room. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all multiple trauma patients that were prospectively documented in our documentation system TraumaWatch(®) from 2003 to 2007...
October 2009: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Abdel-Mohsen M Hammad, Mohamed A Regal
STUDY: New generation spiral CT scanners permit multiple consecutive CT examinations on the same trauma patient in a short period of time. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic role and therapeutic impact of routine spiral CT chest in multiply injured patients or patients with a suspicious mechanism of injury. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 443 patients with blunt chest trauma. All patients underwent a spiral CT chest as part of their routine evaluation...
February 2009: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Tetsuya Yumoto, Keiji Sato, Toyomu Ugawa, Yoshihito Ujike
An 83-year-old woman with no significant medical history was transferred to our tertiary hospital after being hit by a car and presenting with haemorrhagic shock. Immediate fluid resuscitation was performed; physical, chest/pelvic X-ray and echographic examinations did not detect any major sources of bleeding. However, a contrast-enhanced CT scan revealed multiple regions of significant contrast extravasation in an extensive part of the subcutaneous tissue of the patient's lower back, which is an unusual source of bleeding...
October 14, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
Meera Subash, Gaurav Patel, John Welker, Kenneth Nugent
Background. Brachial neuritis (BN) is a rare inflammatory condition of peripheral nerves, usually involving the cervicobrachial plexus. These patients present with sudden onset of shoulder and arm pain that evolves into muscle weakness and atrophy.. Case Report. A 33-year-old woman presented with a 1-month history of diffuse pain in her thorax. She had no trauma or inciting incident prior to the onset of this pain and was initially treated for muscle spasms. The patient was seen in the emergency room multiple times and was treated with several courses of antibiotics for pneumonia on the basis of clinical symptoms and abnormal x-rays...
April 2014: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Nushin Moussavi, Abdol Hossein Davoodabadi, Fatemeh Atoof, Seyed Ebrahim Razi, Mehdi Behnampour, Hamid Reza Talari
BACKGROUND: Computerized Tomography (CT) scan is gaining more importance in the initial evaluation of patients with multiple trauma, but its effect on the outcome is still unclear. Until now, no prospective randomized trial has been performed to define the role of routine chest CT in patients with blunt trauma. OBJECTIVES: In view of the considerable radiation exposure and the high costs of CT scan, the aim of this study was to assess the effects of performing the routine chest CT on the outcome as well as complications in patients with blunt trauma...
June 2015: Archives of Trauma Research
R K Mohammed, S Cheung, S P Parikh, K Asgaria
Aortic arch injuries following penetrating trauma are typically lethal events with high mortality rates. Traditionally, the standard of care for patients presenting with penetrating injury and aortic involvement has included surgical intervention. We report the case of a 31-year-old man who was managed non-operatively after sustaining multiple stab wounds to the left chest and presenting with mid aortic arch injury.
April 2015: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
L Shannon, T Peachey, N Skipper, E Adiotomre, A Chopra, B Marappan, N Kotnis
AIM: To assess the accuracy of the trauma team leader's clinical suspicion of injury in patients who have undergone whole-body computed tomography (WBCT) for suspected polytrauma, and to assess the frequency of unsuspected injuries and specific patterns of injury at WBCT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Requests for patients who underwent WBCT for suspected polytrauma from April 2011 to March 2014 were reviewed and each body area that was clinically suspected to be injured was recorded...
November 2015: Clinical Radiology
Mark I Langdorf, Anthony J Medak, Gregory W Hendey, Daniel K Nishijima, William R Mower, Ali S Raja, Brigitte M Baumann, Deirdre R Anglin, Craig L Anderson, Shahram Lotfipour, Karin E Reed, Nadia Zuabi, Nooreen A Khan, Chelsey A Bithell, Armaan A Rowther, Julian Villar, Robert M Rodriguez
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Chest computed tomography (CT) diagnoses more injuries than chest radiography, so-called occult injuries. Wide availability of chest CT has driven substantial increase in emergency department use, although the incidence and clinical significance of chest CT findings have not been fully described. We determine the frequency, severity, and clinical import of occult injury, as determined by changes in management. These data will better inform clinical decisions, need for chest CT, and odds of intervention...
December 2015: Annals of Emergency Medicine
H Ulutas, M R Celik, M Ozgel, O Soysal, A Kuzucu
PURPOSE: Traumatic pulmonary pseudocysts (TPPs) are rare complications of chest trauma. The aim of this retrospective study was to report the clinical presentations, diagnosis, complications and treatment for a series of TPPs at a hospital in Turkey. METHODS: The charts of 996 patients who were admitted for thoracic trauma between 1999 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Fifty-two patients had TPPs, and the data collected for these individuals were sex, age, and type of trauma (blunt and/or penetrating)...
April 2015: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
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