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x ray.multiple trauma.

Mario Mastrangelo, Fabio Midulla
BACKGROUND: Minor head trauma is one of the leading cause of access to pediatric emergency departments with only a limited quote of patients resulting in clinically relevant brain injuries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review is to guide physicians involved in the management of pediatric head trauma towards a correct clinical approach. METHODS: A Pubmed/Medline search was realized through different entries including "minor head trauma" or "mild head trauma", "minor head injury" or "mild head injury", "acute head trauma"...
April 4, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
Jonggeun Lee, Jeong Su Cho, Hoseok I, Yeong Dae Kim
BACKGROUND: Chylothorax is a disease that has various causes such as neoplasm, infection, post-surgery trauma, congenital, and venous thrombosis. In approximately 15% of cases of chylothorax, the exact cause is unknown. We report a case of delayed occurrence of right chylothorax in a patient who had multiple segmental ribs fracture on his left side. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old Asian man had a "rollover" accident in which the cultivator he was driving overturned...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Setareh Asgarzadeh, Bahareh Feizi, Farhad Sarabandi, Morteza Asgarzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Doing Chest X Ray (CXR) for all trauma patients is not efficient and cost effective due to its low diagnostic value. The present study was designed aiming to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of thoracic injury rule out criteria (TIRC) in prediction of traumatic intra-thoracic injuries and need for CXR. METHOD: The present study is a prospective cross-sectional study that has been carried out to evaluate the accuracy of TIRC model in screening blunt multiple trauma patients in need of CXR for ruling out intra-thoracic injuries...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
José Ramírez Villaescusa, Marcela Restrepo Pérez, David Ruiz Picazo
INTRODUCTION: Spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) is a rare disease that causes cord compression and neurologic deficit. Spontaneous SEH is related to minor trauma, bleeding disorders, and anticoagulant medications. Posttraumatic SEH has been associated with low-energy spine hyperextension injuries in patients with ankylosing spinal disorders such as ankylosing spondylitis and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH). A variant named atypical DISH-like with SEH is reported. OBJECTIVE: To describe the management, diagnosis, and treatment of an unusual SEH case in a patient causing delayed neurologic deficit with rigid atypical DISH-like spine...
March 2017: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
Aina Capdevila Reniu, Terence Ong, Syed Ajmal, Opinder Sahota
Twenty-five percent of patients with a non-hip non-vertebral fragility fracture have an undiagnosed vertebral fracture detected by vertebral fracture assessment during bone densitometric assessment. The prevalence of an undiagnosed vertebral fracture is higher in older people, and they are more likely to have multiple vertebral fractures. PURPOSE: Most vertebral fragility fractures (VFF) have no history of trauma. Vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) during dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) can be used to detect these VFFs...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
Maria P Yavropoulou, Panagoulia Kollia, Dimitris Chatzidimitriou, Stavroula Samara, Lemonia Skoura, John G Yovos
Osteoporosis is a common disease with a strong genetic component. Several studies have reported the vitamin D receptor (VDR), collagen type I (COL1A1), and LDL receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) genes as the most likely candidates. However, most of the studies have been carried out in postmenopausal women and older men and show inconsistent results. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 26-year old male who presented with severe back pain of acute onset, unrelated to any kind of trauma, and diffuse myalgia...
October 2016: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Huan He, Hailin Xu, Hao Lu, Yu Dang, Wei Huang, Qing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a common benign bone tumour that is rarely found in the talus. Its nidus is difficult to detect on early imaging. The atypical symptoms of OO and the presence of concurrent trauma or sports injuries may lead to misdiagnosis and delayed treatment. We herein analyse a case of misdiagnosis of OO of the talus and discuss how to improve the early diagnosis of this rare lesion, thereby permitting rapid treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: A 23-year-old man with a history of left ankle sprains and chronic pain was diagnosed with another ankle sprain and managed conservatively based on normal X-ray findings...
January 23, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Janet E Finlayson, Eric J Bartelink, Alexandra Perrone, Kevin Dalton
This study highlights the use of multiple methods for resolving a case of commingled human remains. Skeletal remains were located in a marijuana field in rural northern California by law enforcement. Although initially buried in shallow graves, the remains of two decedents were disturbed by large carnivores and scattered over a wide area. The remains were submitted by law enforcement for forensic anthropological analysis and resolution of commingling. To segregate the remains of the two individuals, a number of methods were employed, including: (i) physical matching of fragmented remains; (ii) articulation to evaluate joint congruence; (iii) visual pair-matching of bilateral elements; (iv) osteometric pair-matching; (v) evaluation of taphonomic patterns; (vi) DNA analysis; and (vii) portable X-ray spectrometry (pXRF)...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Waseem M Hajjar, Nourah Alsubaie, Thamer A Nouh, Sami A Al-Nassar
Traumatic chest injury is one of the leading causes of death in motor vehicle accident (MVA). A complete tracheobronchial injury occurred in 1% of trauma cases and most of the cases died before arrival to the emergency department. We report a 37-year-old female involved in MVA presented to the emergency room (ER) with normal vital signs. Ten minutes later, her saturation dropped to 75%, which required ventilation; however, two attempts for endotracheal intubation failed. The third time frova airway intubating introducer used and succeeded...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Xiao-Lu Deng, Xia Wang, Ci-Liu Zhang, Xing Tang, Fei Yin
A 9-year-old boy was admitted to Xiangya Hospital due to pain after trauma in the left lower limb for 5 days and fever with generalized pain for 2 days. The results of X-ray of the left lower limb were normal. Pulmonary computed tomography (CT) showed multiple pulmonary nodules in both lungs. Adrenal CT showed marked enlargement of the left adrenal gland. The patient also experienced generalized herpes and intermittent delirium and had a blood pressure up to 155/93 mm Hg. He was transferred to our hospital with a suspected diagnosis of pheochromocytoma...
September 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Thomas Erik Wurmb, Michael Bernhard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 13, 2016: Lancet
Shayna C Rivard, Elizabeth Satter
A 31-year-old Filipino active duty marine presented with a 2-year history of a waxing and waning nodule on his left cheek that had been incised and drained on multiple occasions. The patient had no significant medical history other than a positive purified protein derivative test with negative chest x-ray finding treated with a 9-month course of isoniazid in 2010. He denied cough, fever, chills, night sweats, weight loss, joint/bone pain, or prior trauma to the area. On initial examination, there was a 1×1-cm erythematous indurated nodule associated with an overlying violaceous scar on his left preauricular cheek...
2016: Skinmed
Baig M Idris, Ashraf F Hefny
INTRODUCTION: Pneumothorax is the most common potentially life-threatening blunt chest injury. The management of pneumothorax depends upon the etiology, its size and hemodynamic stability of the patient. Most clinicians agree that chest drainage is essential for the management of traumatic large pneumothorax. Herein, we present a case of large pneumothorax in blunt chest trauma patient that resolved spontaneously without a chest drain. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 63- year- old man presented to the Emergency Department complaining of left lateral chest pain due to a fall on his chest at home...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Hanon Sadoni, Hamidreza Arti
INTRODUCTION: Femoral shaft fracture is one of the typical bone fractures due to high energy trauma and may occur as an open fracture. Some foreign materials may enter the fracture site such as sand, cloth particles and so on. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old motorcycle riding military member and his collaborator were received in the hospital because of multiple traumas due to a fall in a hollow during a surveillance mission. His collaborator died because of head trauma and multiple severe open fractures...
February 2016: Trauma Monthly
Oana Roxana Pavel, Mihaela Popescu, Liliana Novac, LaurenŢiu Mogoantă, LaurenŢiu Petrişor Pavel, Răzvan Marius Vicaş, Magdalena Rodica Trăistaru
Osteoporosis is one of the most common disorders in postmenopausal women, affecting the quality of life and increasing the risk for fractures in minor traumas. Changes in the bone microarchitecture causes static changes in the body and affects motility. In this study, we analyzed two groups of women, one with physiological menopause and one with surgically induced menopause. The diagnosis of osteoporosis was suspected based on the clinical symptoms and confirmed by assessing bone mineral density by the dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Jiu-zun Chen, Feng Lin, Sheng-fa Zhou, Wei Chen, Meng-nan Wan, Jia-wei He, Xian-qiu Zheng, Min Dai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and reliability on the quantitative evaluation of Colles' fracture by multislice CT (MSCT) multiplanner reconstruction (MPR). METHODS: A total of 36 patients with Colles' fracture from July 2011 to July 2014 were investigated in this study. There were 11 males and 25 females with a mean age of (42.5 ± 5.4) years old (ranged 35 to 72 years). All the patients underwent anteroposterior and lateral X-ray films and MSCT scans on wrist joints within 2 days after trauma...
January 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Michael Bemelman, Luke Leenen
OBJECTIVE: In the Netherlands, major incidents are sparse, and so there is a general feeling of a relatively low risk. Upon evaluating multiple casualty events (MCEs) in the Netherlands over the last 60 years, it is worth noting 39 major events. Our objective was to report the experiences from a mass casualty incident in an urban area, performing a critical evaluation of the response and outcome related to the scenario in order to learn from our past and to train for the future. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective patient record analysis we collected all of the data concerning an MCE we encountered in August 2006...
October 2008: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Johannes Frank, Bernd Gritzbach, Christian Winter, Bernd Maier, Ingo Marzi
INTRODUCTION: When using intramedullary nailing of femur fractures false axis alignment or malrotation is the greatest deterrent to successful reduction often causing extended x-ray exposure and the need to revert to an open procedure. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the advantages of using a trauma navigation system during intramedullary nailing of femur fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A fluoroscopic navigation unit was used and successful closed fracture reduction, x-ray exposure, and operation time were measured...
April 2010: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Hendrik Wyen, Sebastian Wutzler, Miriam Rüsseler, Martin Mack, Felix Walcher, Ingo Marzi
BACKGROUND: A regionalized approach to trauma care with the implementation of designated level I trauma centers has been shown to improve survival after multiple injuries. Our study aimed to describe the current reality in an urban German level I university trauma center concerning the primary admission of patients into the emergency room. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all multiple trauma patients that were prospectively documented in our documentation system TraumaWatch(®) from 2003 to 2007...
October 2009: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Abdel-Mohsen M Hammad, Mohamed A Regal
STUDY: New generation spiral CT scanners permit multiple consecutive CT examinations on the same trauma patient in a short period of time. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic role and therapeutic impact of routine spiral CT chest in multiply injured patients or patients with a suspicious mechanism of injury. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 443 patients with blunt chest trauma. All patients underwent a spiral CT chest as part of their routine evaluation...
February 2009: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
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