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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864949/multimethod-resolution-of-a-small-scale-case-of-commingling
#1
Janet E Finlayson, Eric J Bartelink, Alexandra Perrone, Kevin Dalton
This study highlights the use of multiple methods for resolving a case of commingled human remains. Skeletal remains were located in a marijuana field in rural northern California by law enforcement. Although initially buried in shallow graves, the remains of two decedents were disturbed by large carnivores and scattered over a wide area. The remains were submitted by law enforcement for forensic anthropological analysis and resolution of commingling. To segregate the remains of the two individuals, a number of methods were employed, including: (i) physical matching of fragmented remains; (ii) articulation to evaluate joint congruence; (iii) visual pair-matching of bilateral elements; (iv) osteometric pair-matching; (v) evaluation of taphonomic patterns; (vi) DNA analysis; and (vii) portable X-ray spectrometry (pXRF)...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833502/is-it-safe-to-use-frova-airway-intubating-device-during-tracheal-intubation-in-difficult-airway-patient-with-multiple-and-chest-trauma
#2
Waseem M Hajjar, Nourah Alsubaie, Thamer A Nouh, Sami A Al-Nassar
Traumatic chest injury is one of the leading causes of death in motor vehicle accident (MVA). A complete tracheobronchial injury occurred in 1% of trauma cases and most of the cases died before arrival to the emergency department. We report a 37-year-old female involved in MVA presented to the emergency room (ER) with normal vital signs. Ten minutes later, her saturation dropped to 75%, which required ventilation; however, two attempts for endotracheal intubation failed. The third time frova airway intubating introducer used and succeeded...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27655544/-fever-generalized-pain-and-multiple-pulmonary-nodules-in-a-school-aged-boy
#3
Xiao-Lu Deng, Xia Wang, Ci-Liu Zhang, Xing Tang, Fei Yin
A 9-year-old boy was admitted to Xiangya Hospital due to pain after trauma in the left lower limb for 5 days and fever with generalized pain for 2 days. The results of X-ray of the left lower limb were normal. Pulmonary computed tomography (CT) showed multiple pulmonary nodules in both lungs. Adrenal CT showed marked enlargement of the left adrenal gland. The patient also experienced generalized herpes and intermittent delirium and had a blood pressure up to 155/93 mm Hg. He was transferred to our hospital with a suspected diagnosis of pheochromocytoma...
September 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27371186/total-body-ct-for-initial-diagnosis-of-severe-trauma
#4
COMMENT
Thomas Erik Wurmb, Michael Bernhard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 13, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27319963/primary-cutaneous-coccidioidomycosis-presenting-as-a-recurrent-preauricular-cyst
#5
Shayna C Rivard, Elizabeth Satter
A 31-year-old Filipino active duty marine presented with a 2-year history of a waxing and waning nodule on his left cheek that had been incised and drained on multiple occasions. The patient had no significant medical history other than a positive purified protein derivative test with negative chest x-ray finding treated with a 9-month course of isoniazid in 2010. He denied cough, fever, chills, night sweats, weight loss, joint/bone pain, or prior trauma to the area. On initial examination, there was a 1×1-cm erythematous indurated nodule associated with an overlying violaceous scar on his left preauricular cheek...
2016: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27232292/large-pneumothorax-in-blunt-chest-trauma-is-a-chest-drain-always-necessary-in-stable-patients-a-case-report
#6
Baig M Idris, Ashraf F Hefny
INTRODUCTION: Pneumothorax is the most common potentially life-threatening blunt chest injury. The management of pneumothorax depends upon the etiology, its size and hemodynamic stability of the patient. Most clinicians agree that chest drainage is essential for the management of traumatic large pneumothorax. Herein, we present a case of large pneumothorax in blunt chest trauma patient that resolved spontaneously without a chest drain. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 63- year- old man presented to the Emergency Department complaining of left lateral chest pain due to a fall on his chest at home...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27218050/unusual-foreign-bone-fragment-in-femoral-open-fracture
#7
Hanon Sadoni, Hamidreza Arti
INTRODUCTION: Femoral shaft fracture is one of the typical bone fractures due to high energy trauma and may occur as an open fracture. Some foreign materials may enter the fracture site such as sand, cloth particles and so on. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old motorcycle riding military member and his collaborator were received in the hospital because of multiple traumas due to a fall in a hollow during a surveillance mission. His collaborator died because of head trauma and multiple severe open fractures...
February 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27151697/postmenopausal-osteoporosis-clinical-biological-and-histopathological-aspects
#8
Oana Roxana Pavel, Mihaela Popescu, Liliana Novac, LaurenŢiu Mogoantă, LaurenŢiu Petrişor Pavel, Răzvan Marius Vicaş, Magdalena Rodica Trăistaru
Osteoporosis is one of the most common disorders in postmenopausal women, affecting the quality of life and increasing the risk for fractures in minor traumas. Changes in the bone microarchitecture causes static changes in the body and affects motility. In this study, we analyzed two groups of women, one with physiological menopause and one with surgically induced menopause. The diagnosis of osteoporosis was suspected based on the clinical symptoms and confirmed by assessing bone mineral density by the dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27019890/-quantitative-evaluation-of-colles-fracture-by-multislice-ct-multiplanner-reconstruction-a-feasibility-study
#9
Jiu-zun Chen, Feng Lin, Sheng-fa Zhou, Wei Chen, Meng-nan Wan, Jia-wei He, Xian-qiu Zheng, Min Dai
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and reliability on the quantitative evaluation of Colles' fracture by multislice CT (MSCT) multiplanner reconstruction (MPR). METHODS: A total of 36 patients with Colles' fracture from July 2011 to July 2014 were investigated in this study. There were 11 males and 25 females with a mean age of (42.5 ± 5.4) years old (ranged 35 to 72 years). All the patients underwent anteroposterior and lateral X-ray films and MSCT scans on wrist joints within 2 days after trauma...
January 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26815989/mass-casualty-event-during-a-musical-parade-lessons-learned
#10
Michael Bemelman, Luke Leenen
OBJECTIVE: In the Netherlands, major incidents are sparse, and so there is a general feeling of a relatively low risk. Upon evaluating multiple casualty events (MCEs) in the Netherlands over the last 60 years, it is worth noting 39 major events. Our objective was to report the experiences from a mass casualty incident in an urban area, performing a critical evaluation of the response and outcome related to the scenario in order to learn from our past and to train for the future. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective patient record analysis we collected all of the data concerning an MCE we encountered in August 2006...
October 2008: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26815690/computer-assisted-femur-fracture-reduction
#11
Johannes Frank, Bernd Gritzbach, Christian Winter, Bernd Maier, Ingo Marzi
INTRODUCTION: When using intramedullary nailing of femur fractures false axis alignment or malrotation is the greatest deterrent to successful reduction often causing extended x-ray exposure and the need to revert to an open procedure. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the advantages of using a trauma navigation system during intramedullary nailing of femur fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A fluoroscopic navigation unit was used and successful closed fracture reduction, x-ray exposure, and operation time were measured...
April 2010: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26815210/five-years-experience-of-trauma-care-in-a-german-urban-level-i-university-trauma-center
#12
Hendrik Wyen, Sebastian Wutzler, Miriam Rüsseler, Martin Mack, Felix Walcher, Ingo Marzi
BACKGROUND: A regionalized approach to trauma care with the implementation of designated level I trauma centers has been shown to improve survival after multiple injuries. Our study aimed to describe the current reality in an urban German level I university trauma center concerning the primary admission of patients into the emergency room. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all multiple trauma patients that were prospectively documented in our documentation system TraumaWatch(®) from 2003 to 2007...
October 2009: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26814528/is-routine-spiral-ct-chest-justified-in-evaluation-of-the-major-blunt-trauma-patients
#13
Abdel-Mohsen M Hammad, Mohamed A Regal
STUDY: New generation spiral CT scanners permit multiple consecutive CT examinations on the same trauma patient in a short period of time. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic role and therapeutic impact of routine spiral CT chest in multiply injured patients or patients with a suspicious mechanism of injury. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 443 patients with blunt chest trauma. All patients underwent a spiral CT chest as part of their routine evaluation...
February 2009: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26736150/an-unusual-case-of-lymphadenopathy-due-to-traumatic-foreign-body-associated-granulomatous-lymphadenitis
#14
Novae Simper, Peter G Deveaux, Pamela L Burgess
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26734392/improving-the-availability-of-intra-operative-images-created-during-trauma-operations-a-multidisciplinary-team-collaboration
#15
Thomas Hayes, Edward Harrison
Intraoperative x rays are regularly taken on multiple occasions during orthopaedic surgery, especially during the course of planned trauma lists where procedures are performed under x ray guidance. These images have an important role in demonstrating the nature of the operation to clinical staff and in permitting an assessment of the standard of surgery by colleagues at planned metalwork reviews. Furthermore, they represent an important medico-legal record of the fracture configuration at the time of completion of surgery...
2015: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26721615/predictors-of-outcomes-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Justin Baum, Pouya Entezami, Kavit Shah, Azedine Medhkour
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate patients treated for traumatic brain injuries (TBI) to determine how multiple organ trauma (MOT) and lung injuries sustained at the time of initial injury affect outcome. METHODS: A single institution retrospective review of all patients diagnosed with TBI at a level I trauma center from 2000 to 2014 was conducted. Clinical outcome was based on Glasgow Outcome Scale at hospital discharge. Lung injury was defined as the presence of pulmonary contusions, pneumothorax, hemothorax, rib fractures, or diaphragmatic rupture proven by x-ray or computed tomography scan...
June 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26700496/characterisation-of-the-weapon-used-in-a-patricide-by-sem-eds-analysis-of-a-microscopic-trace-from-the-object
#17
Enrico Muccino, Giulio Federico Giovanetti, Graziano Domenico Luigi Crudele, Guendalina Gentile, Matteo Marchesi, Alessandra Rancati, Riccardo Zoja
This article presents a case of patricide. The murder was characterised by multiple blunt traumas and asphyxia. A mass of contused wounds was localised to the head and neck, and included the complete avulsion of the left eye (by an unknown tool), which was recovered near the cadaver. This case is of interest due to the possibility of identifying microscopic traces of the object that was used for the homicide by examining the skin margins around the ocular injury. The analysis was conducted using scanning electron microscopy combined with energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM/EDX)...
July 2016: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26695608/orbital-foreign-body-study-of-a-case-series
#18
S Dasgupta, V Vats, K S Mittal
BACKGROUND: Orbital foreign bodies (OFBs) may remain in the orbital cavity for considerable time and manifest with secondary complications. OBJECTIVE: To report five consecutive cases of orbital trauma with OFBs, who presented at our institute from Jan 2010 to Dec 2013. CASES: The first case of our series with a non-specific history of injury had a chronic granulomatous discharging sinus in the left upper eyelid and an intact globe. The second case, with an injury to the left lower eyelid following an assault, presented late and the manifestations were similar to that of the first case...
January 2015: Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26601743/traumatic-pancreaticoduodenectomy-and-superior-mesenteric-vein-injury-after-blunt-trauma-in-a-pediatric-patient
#19
Kristin L Long, Sean C Skinner, Austin N Ward, William R Strong, Patrick C McGrath, Erin C Maynard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26584720/pubic-symphysis-rupture-and-separation-during-pregnancy
#20
REVIEW
Kelsey L Shnaekel, Everett F Magann, Shahryar Ahmadi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors, clinical and radiologic criteria for diagnosis, and management of this unusual complication of pregnancy. METHODS: A PubMed and Web of Science search was undertaken with no limitations on the number of years searched. RESULTS: There were 36 publications identified, with 19 articles being the basis of this review. Multiple risk factors have been identified including multiparity, macrosomia, cephalopelvic disproportion, forceps deliveries, precipitous labor, malpresentation, prior pelvic trauma, and use of the McRoberts maneuver...
November 2015: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
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