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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031117/reactions-of-melolontha-hippocastani-adults-to-high-manganese-content-in-food
#1
Petr Martinek, Emanuel Kula, Josef Hedbávný
Rapid adaptation of insect species to environmental changes can be advantageous for their development. Forest cockchafer (Melolontha hippocastani) is herbivorous insect species with high food intake that has been widely studied within European conditions. It can cause huge economic and ecological losses especially in oak-dominated forest stands. Food preference of this species is mainly comprised of trees with a potential to accumulate manganese in their assimilation apparatus. In order to determine cockchafer's reactions to increased Mn concentration in its food, the adults were reared in laboratory conditions controlled for temperature, humidity, and light on a natural diet of oak (Quercus petraea) leaves...
October 11, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028757/patient-experience-based-value-sets-are-they-stable
#2
A Simon Pickard, Yu-Ting Hung, Fang-Ju Lin, Todd A Lee
BACKGROUND: Although societal preference weights are desirable to inform resource-allocation decision-making, patient experienced health state-based value sets can be useful for clinical decision-making, but context may matter. OBJECTIVE: To estimate EQ-5D value sets using visual analog scale (VAS) ratings for patients undergoing knee replacement surgery and compare the estimates before and after surgery. METHODS: We used the Patient Reported Outcome Measures data collected by the UK National Health Service on patients undergoing knee replacement from 2009 to 2012...
November 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028579/the-views-of-first-time-mothers-completing-an-intervention-to-reduce-postpartum-weight-retention-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-the-mums-online-study
#3
Paige van der Pligt, Kylie Ball, Kylie D Hesketh, David Crawford, Megan Teychenne, Karen Campbell
BACKGROUND: maternal postpartum weight retention (PPWR) has implications for short and long term weight-related health of both the mother and child. Little is known about how mothers perceive they may be best supported to achieve a healthy postpartum weight and healthy lifestyle behaviours. Evaluating existing postpartum weight focussed intervention strategies is an important step in the planning of future programs aimed at supporting new mothers. AIM: to describe the perspectives of women who completed the mums OnLiNE pilot intervention, regarding the acceptability and effectiveness of a program which aimed to limit PPWR and promote healthy diet and physical activity behaviours in new mothers...
September 21, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027051/cell-response-of-flexible-pmma-derivatives-supremacy-of-surface-chemistry-over-substrate-stiffness
#4
Elke Van De Walle, Ine Van Nieuwenhove, Winnok De Vos, Heidi Declercq, Peter Dubruel, Sandra Van Vlierberghe
The present work reports on the development of a range of poly(methyl methacrylate)/poly(ethylene glycol) (PMMAPEG)-based materials, characterized by different elasticity moduli in order to study the influence of the substrate's mechanical properties on the response of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). To render the selected materials cell-interactive, a polydopamine (PDA)/gelatin type B (Gel B) coating was applied. Prior to the in vitro assay, the success of the PDA and Gel B immobilization onto the materials was confirmed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) as reflected by the nitrogen percentages measured for the materials after PDA and Gel B deposition...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026542/a-population-based-survey-on-physical-inactivity-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-among-adults-in-chiang-mai-thailand-2014
#5
Sanhapan Thanamee, Kanokporn Pinyopornpanish, Apichai Wattanapisit, Suparerk Suerungruang, Kanittha Thaikla, Wichuda Jiraporncharoen, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon
BACKGROUND: Reducing physical inactivity among the population is a challenge for many nations. Targeting leisure time physical activity (LTPA) may be useful in increasing overall physical activity as it is assumed it is associated with a higher degree of free choice and personal preference than physical activity at work and during travel. The study explored the prevalence of physical inactivity and focused on the overall level of energy expenditure and energy level spent during leisure time among those who were physically inactive and assessed the stages of change for LTPA among those who were physically inactive...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025698/college-freshmen-students-perspectives-on-weight-gain-prevention-in-the-digital-age-web-based-survey
#6
Courtney M Monroe, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Chelsea A Larsen, Karen Magradey, Heather M Brandt, Sara Wilcox, Beth Sundstrom, Delia Smith West
BACKGROUND: College freshmen are highly vulnerable to experiencing weight gain, and this phenomenon is associated with an increased risk of chronic diseases and mortality in older adulthood. Technology offers an attractive and scalable way to deliver behavioral weight gain prevention interventions for this population. Weight gain prevention programs that harness the appeal and widespread reach of Web-based technologies (electronic health or eHealth) are increasingly being evaluated in college students...
October 12, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024552/current-pharmacotherapies-for-obesity-a-practical-perspective
#7
Angela Golden
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To review the currently available pharmacotherapies for obesity management with a particular focus on the United States. METHODS: Narrative review based on literature searches and the latest prescribing information (up to July 2017). CONCLUSIONS: Obesity pharmacotherapies may assist those individuals who have obesity, or overweight with comorbidities, who have failed to maintain weight loss with lifestyle modifications alone (caloric restriction and increased physical activity)...
October 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024448/isolated-sphenoid-sinus-opacifications-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
William J Moss, Andrey Finegersh, Aria Jafari, Bharat Panuganti, Charles S Coffey, Adam DeConde, Jacob Husseman
BACKGROUND: Isolated sphenoid sinus opacifications (ISSOs) represent a relatively uncommon disease with the potential for serious complications. To better understand this disease, we performed a systematic review to further characterize the underlying pathologies, associated symptoms, and treatment outcomes of patients with ISSOs. METHODS: A systematic review of ISSO case series was performed utilizing the Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane databases in accordance with guidelines established by PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses)...
October 12, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022648/probiotics-for-experimental-obesity-prevention-focus-on-strain-dependence-and-viability-of-composition
#9
Nazarii Kobyliak, Tetyana Falalyeyeva, Tetyana Beregova, Mykola Spivak
INTRODUCTION: a comparative animal study of the efficacy of intermittent short-course administration of lyophilised single-, three-, and live multistrain probiotic on obesity. METHODS: We included 70 rats divided into seven groups (n = 10 in each). Rats of group I were intact. Newborn rats of groups II-VII were injected with monosodium glutamate (MSG) (4 mg/g). Rats of group II (MSG-obesity group) were untreated. The group III-V received lyophilised monoprobiotics B...
October 12, 2017: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022056/implant-strategy-affects-scaffold-stability-and-integrity-in-cartilage-treatment
#10
M Drobnic, Francesco Perdisa, E Kon, F Cefalì, M Marcacci, G Filardo
PURPOSE: To identify the most appropriate implantation strategy for a novel chondral scaffold in a model simulating the early post-operative phase, in order to optimize the implant procedure and reduce the risk of early failure. METHODS: Eight human cadaveric limbs were strapped to a continuous passive motion device and exposed to extension-flexion cycles (0°-90°). Chondral lesions (1.8 cm diameter) were prepared on condyles, patella and trochlea for the implant of a bi-layer collagen-hydroxyapatite scaffold...
October 11, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016225/asco-value-framework-highlights-the-relative-value-of-treatment-options-in-ovarian-cancer
#11
Jonathan Foote, Angeles Alvarez Secord, Margaret Liang, David E Cohn, Elizabeth Jewell, Laura J Havrilesky
PURPOSE: The ASCO value framework allows physicians and patients to compare the relative value of novel treatments. Our aim was to assess the value of three frontline ovarian cancer therapies by using this framework. METHODS: From phase III, randomized controlled clinical trial (RCT) data, the net health benefits (NHBs) for three frontline ovarian cancer treatment options-dose-dense paclitaxel (Japanese Gynecologic Oncology Group study JGOG 3016), intraperitoneal (IP)/intravenous (IV) chemotherapy (Gynecologic Oncology Group [GOG] study GOG 172), and concurrent plus maintenance bevacizumab (GOG 218 and the Seventh International Collaborative Ovarian Neoplasm study [ICON7])-were calculated...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993567/reference-intervals-and-allometric-scaling-of-two-dimensional-echocardiographic-measurements-in-150-healthy-cats
#12
Schober Karsten, Savino Stephanie, Yildiz Vedat
The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of body weight (BW), breed, and sex on two-dimensional (2D) echocardiographic measures, reference ranges, and prediction intervals using allometrically-scaled data of left atrial (LA) and left ventricular (LV) size and LV wall thickness in healthy cats. Study type was retrospective, observational, and clinical cohort. 150 healthy cats were enrolled and 2D echocardiograms analyzed. LA diameter, LV wall thickness, and LV dimension were quantified using three different imaging views...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987287/patient-centered-clinical-trials-for-medical-devices
#13
REVIEW
Shomesh E Chaudhuri, Martin P Ho, Telba Irony, Murray Sheldon, Andrew W Lo
We apply Bayesian decision analysis to incorporate patient preferences in the regulatory approval process for new therapies. By assigning weights to type I and type II errors based on patient preferences, the significance level (α) and power (1-β) of a randomized clinical trial (RCT) for a new therapy can be optimized to maximize the value to current and future patients and, consequently, to public health. We find that, for weight-loss devices, potentially effective, low-risk treatments have optimal αs larger than the traditional one-sided significance level of 5%, whereas potentially less effective and riskier treatments have optimal αs below 5%...
October 4, 2017: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987043/-low-level-of-physical-activity-as-main-risk-factor-of-cancer-in-sanok-s-county-population
#14
Karolina Hombek, Magdalena Jarema, Ewa Smoleń
Physical activity is a key component of a healthy lifestyle. The data of WHO conclude that little physical activity is the fourth key risk factor of premature death. Weight disorder such as obesity and overweight are an significant risk factor in cancer development. AIM: The aim of the study was to determine physical activity in cancer prevention among the population of Sanok's county. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study covered a group 157 residents of Sanok's county in 2015...
September 29, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986532/predicting-the-effect-of-habitat-modification-on-networks-of-interacting-species
#15
Phillip P A Staniczenko, Owen T Lewis, Jason M Tylianakis, Matthias Albrecht, Valérie Coudrain, Alexandra-Maria Klein, Felix Reed-Tsochas
A pressing challenge for ecologists is predicting how human-driven environmental changes will affect the complex pattern of interactions among species in a community. Weighted networks are an important tool for studying changes in interspecific interactions because they record interaction frequencies in addition to presence or absence at a field site. Here we show that changes in weighted network structure following habitat modification are, in principle, predictable. Our approach combines field data with mathematical models: the models separate changes in relative species abundance from changes in interaction preferences (which describe how interaction frequencies deviate from random encounters)...
October 6, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985839/peritoneal-drainage-is-associated-with-higher-survival-rates-for-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-premature-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#16
Jun Tashiro, Amy E Wagenaar, Eduardo A Perez, Juan E Sola
BACKGROUND: To evaluate peritoneal drainage (PD) and laparotomy ± resection/ostomy (LAP) as initial approaches to the surgical management of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in premature, extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. METHODS: Kids' Inpatient Database (2003-2012) was searched for cases of NEC (International Classification of Diseases, ninth revision, Clinical Modification [ICD-9-CM] 777.5x) in premature (<37 weeks), extremely low birth weight (<1000 g) infants...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985732/cost-effectiveness-of-malaria-preventive-treatment-for-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-in-sub-saharan-africa
#17
Sung Eun Choi, Margaret L Brandeau, Eran Bendavid
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among HIV-infected pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa: at least 1 million pregnancies among HIV-infected women are complicated by co-infection with malaria annually, leading to increased risk of premature delivery, severe anaemia, delivery of low birth weight infants, and maternal death. Current guidelines recommend either daily cotrimoxazole (CTX) or intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) for HIV-infected pregnant women to prevent malaria and its complications...
October 6, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984776/intralesional-versus-intracoronary-administration-of-glycoprotein-iib-iiia-inhibitors-during-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
REVIEW
Binjie Sun, Zhen Liu, Hongshan Yin, Tao Wang, Tao Chen, Sen Yang, Zhian Jiang
BACKGROUND: Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPIs) have been regarded as an adjuvant regimen to deal with no-reflow. However, whether intralesional (IL) administration of GPIs improves myocardial reperfusion without increasing bleeding in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) compared with intracoronary (IC) administration has not been well addressed. Our meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of IL versus IC administration of GPIs for patients with ACS during percutaneous coronary intervention...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984389/binding-of-trace-elements-ag-cd-co-cu-ni-and-tl-to-cytosolic-biomolecules-in-livers-of-juvenile-yellow-perch-perca-flavescens-collected-from-lakes-representing-metal-contamination-gradients
#19
Antoine Caron, Maikel Rosabal, Ophélie Drevet, Patrice Couture, Peter G C Campbell
Biomolecules involved in handling cytosolic metals in the liver of the yellow perch (Perca flavescens) were characterized in juvenile fish collected from four lakes constituting metal contamination gradients. Using size-exclusion liquid chromatography coupled to an inductively-coupled mass spectrometer (SEC-ICP-MS), we determined metal distributions among ligands of different molecular weights in the cytosol, before and after a heat denaturation step designed to isolate metallothionein-like peptides and proteins (MTLPs)...
October 6, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984368/autogenic-drainage-for-airway-clearance-in-cystic-fibrosis
#20
REVIEW
Pamela McCormack, Paul Burnham, Kevin W Southern
BACKGROUND: Autogenic drainage is an airway clearance technique that was developed by Jean Chevaillier in 1967. The technique is characterised by breathing control using expiratory airflow to mobilise secretions from smaller to larger airways. Secretions are cleared independently by adjusting the depth and speed of respiration in a sequence of controlled breathing techniques during exhalation. The technique requires training, concentration and effort from the individual. It is important to systematically review the evidence demonstrating that autogenic drainage is an effective intervention for people with cystic fibrosis...
October 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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