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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762030/a-contrastive-account-of-explanation-generation
#1
Seth Chin-Parker, Alexandra Bradner
In this article, we propose a contrastive account of explanation generation. Though researchers have long wrestled with the concepts of explanation and understanding, as well as with the procedures by which we might evaluate explanations, less attention has been paid to the initial generation stages of explanation. Before an explainer can answer a question, he or she must come to some understanding of the explanandum-what the question is asking-and of the explanatory form and content called for by the context...
July 31, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749057/how-long-a-life-is-enough-life
#2
Daniel Callahan, Willard Gaylin
Humans have long been troubled by the prospect of old age and its culmination in death. Whether to rebel against or accept this fate have been wrestled with down through the centuries. But new medical technologies and the growing science of aging have sided with rebellion. We know that aging can be pushed back and improved in its quality. That progress is well under way, but now intensified by many scientists and Silicon Valley entrepreneurs. In 2016, Mark Zuckerberg and Priscilla Chan pledged three billion dollars toward eventually "preventing, curing or managing all diseases...
July 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739314/concussion-rates-in-u-s-middle-school-athletes-2015-2016-school-year
#3
Zachary Y Kerr, Nelson Cortes, Amanda M Caswell, Jatin P Ambegaonkar, Kaitlin Romm Hallsmith, A Frederick Milbert, Shane V Caswell
INTRODUCTION: Concussion incidence estimates in middle school sports settings are limited. This study examines concussion incidence in nine U.S. middle schools during the 2015-2016 school year. METHODS: Concussion data originated from nine public middle schools in Prince William County, Virginia, during the 2015-2016 school year. Certified athletic trainers collected concussion and athlete exposure (AE) data in school-sanctioned games and practices in boys' baseball, basketball, football, soccer, track, and wrestling; and girls' basketball, cheerleading, soccer, softball, track, and volleyball...
July 21, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720693/catastrophic-cervical-spinal-injury-in-an-amateur-college-wrestler
#4
Jayakrishnan Kelamangalathu Narayana Kurup, Ravitheja Jampani, Simanchal P Mohanty
A young amateur wrestler presented with a burst fracture of the seventh cervical vertebra with complete paraplegia. He was treated with surgery for spine stabilisation and was actively rehabilitated. Adolescents and teenagers are indulging in high-contact sports like wrestling, without proper training and technical know-how, which can lead to severe injuries and possibly, permanent handicap or death. Trainers, assistants and institutions should be well equipped to diagnose and provide initial care of people with a spinal injury to prevent a partial injury from progressing to complete injury...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713476/the-relationship-between-perceived-coaching-behaviours-motivation-and-self-efficacy-in-wrestlers
#5
İhsan Sarı, Betül Bayazıt
The current study aimed to determine the relationship between perceived coaching behaviours, motivation, self-efficacy and general self-efficacy of wrestlers who competed in the Super National Wrestling League. The sample consisted of 289 wrestlers. The Self-Efficacy Scale was used to measure self-efficacy perception, the Sports Motivation Scale to measure the motivation of the athletes, the Leadership Scale for Sport to determine perceived leadership behaviours, and the General Self-Efficacy Scale to determine the general self-efficacy perceptions of the athletes...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653585/international-workshop-on-professionalism-in-the-practice-of-medicine-where-are-we-now
#6
Ora Paltiel, Lior Lowenstein, Jonathan Demma, Orly Manor
Medical professionalism refers to attributes, values, behaviors, responsibilities and commitments of physicians that are congruent with the public's expectations. An international workshop on medical professionalism took place at the Dead Sea, Israel, on December 11-12, 2016. The meeting brought together local medical professionals, physicians and others, as well as international experts, to discuss definitions of professionalism and wrestle with current challenges facing the profession including its perceived status and physician satisfaction, unprofessional behavior and its relation to health care quality and patient safety, and professionalism as a learned competence...
April 3, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644776/eye-injuries-in-high-school-and-collegiate-athletes
#7
Barry P Boden, Lauren A Pierpoint, Rebecca G Boden, R Dawn Comstock, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: Although eye injuries constitute a small percentage of high school and college sports injuries, they have the potential to be permanently debilitating. HYPOTHESIS: Eye injury rates will vary by sport, sex, and between the high school and college age groups. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: Data from eye injury reports in high school and college athletes were obtained from the National High School Sports-Related Injury Surveillance System, High School Reporting Information Online (HS RIO) database over a 10-year span (2005-2006 through 2014-2015 school years) and the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Injury Surveillance Program (ISP) over an 11-year span (2004-2005 through 2014-2015 school years)...
June 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578307/a-15-year-old-nepali-boy-with-metastasised-colorectal-cancer
#8
Chloe Pinto, Zvi Howard Perry
Nepal suffers from vast inequalities in modern healthcare. The low-income country wrestles with far-reaching insufficiencies in minimal preventative medicine, health awareness, limited infrastructure and difficult topography-all of which contribute to poor access and poor care-seeking behaviour. Our patient came from rural Nepal, where primary healthcare outposts are frequently understaffed and underequipped. He received supportive treatment in his village from the time symptoms presented until he was diagnosed 2 years later, at a tertiary medical centre, with colorectal cancer...
June 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565991/platelet-testing-in-flow-diversion-a-review-of-the-evidence
#9
L Ian Taylor, James C Dickerson, Robert J Dambrino, M Yashar S Kalani, Philipp Taussky, Chad W Washington, Min S Park
OBJECTIVE Although the use of dual antiplatelet therapy with flow diversion is recommended and commonplace, the testing of platelet inhibition is more controversial. METHODS The authors reviewed the medical literature to establish and describe the physiology of platelet adhesion, the pharmacology of antiplatelet medications, and the mechanisms of the available platelet function tests. Additionally, they present a review of the pertinent neurointerventional and interventional cardiology literature. RESULTS Competing reports in the neurointerventional literature argue for and against the use of routine platelet function testing, with adjustments to the dosage or medications based on the results...
June 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533873/wrestling-game-injuries-among-children-in-dakar-a-report-on-172-cases
#10
Gabriel Ngom, Azhar Salim Mohamed, Papa Alassane Mbaye, Mbaye Fall, Oumar Ndour, Aimé Lakh Faye, Zakaria El-Hasnaoui
INTRODUCTION: The objective was to report epidemiological and lesional features among children practicing wrestling as a game in Dakar, Senegal. METHODS: It was a retrospective study including all patients under 16, victims of wrestling game injuries. We studied epidemiological and lesional aspects in children: frequency of wrestling game injuries among all games, age, sex, geographic origin, place of injury, parent's socioeconomic status, nature of the injury and location...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529074/bioinformaticians-wrestling-with-the-big-biomedical-data
#11
EDITORIAL
Yu Xue, Xiu-Jie Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 20, 2017: Journal of Genetics and Genomics, Yi Chuan Xue Bao
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521375/a-genetic-marker-associated-with-shoulder-dislocation
#12
Stuart Kim, John P Kleimeyer, Marwa A Ahmed, Andy L Avins, Michael Fredericson, Jason L Dragoo, John P A Ioannidis
Shoulder dislocations are common shoulder injuries associated with athletic activity in contact sports, such as football, rugby, wrestling, and hockey. Identifying genetic loci associated with shoulder dislocation could shed light on underlying mechanisms for injury and identify predictive genetic markers. To identify DNA polymorphisms associated with shoulder dislocation, a genome-wide association screen was performed using publically available data from the Research Program in Genes, Environment and Health including 662 cases of shoulder dislocation and 82 602 controls from the European ancestry group...
July 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492027/tinea-corporis-in-a-wrestling-team-cheerleader
#13
C McClanahan, K Wanat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482710/sod2-gene-polymorphism-and-response-of-oxidative-stress-parameters-in-young-wrestlersto-a-three-month-training
#14
Ewa Jówko, Dariusz Gierczuk, Igor Cieśliński, Jadwiga Kotowska
The aim of the study was to analyse the effect of Val 16Ala polymorphism in SOD2 gene on oxidative stress parameters and lipid profile of the blood during a three-month wrestling training. The study included 53 Polish young wrestlers. Blood samples were collected at the beginning of the program and following three months of the training. The list of analysed parameters included erythrocyte and serum activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), whole blood glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity, total glutathione (tGSH) level, concentration of lipid hydroperoxides (LHs), total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and creatine kinase (CK) activity in the serum, as well as lipid profile parameters: triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)...
May 8, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480859/the-effects-of-non-functional-overreaching-and-overtraining-on-autonomic-nervous-system-function-in-highly-trained-athletes
#15
T Kajaia, L Maskhulia, K Chelidze, V Akhalkatsi, Z Kakhabrishvili
Aim of the study was to compare the ANS functioning, as measured by heart rate variability (HRV), in athletes with non-functional overreaching (NFO) and overtraining syndrome (OTS) and in athletes without NFO/OTS. In 43 athletes with NFO/OTS, 40 athletes without NFO/OTS, as well as in 35 sedentary subjects the ANS function was evaluated with the Autonomic Balance Test, based on the HRV analysis of resting heart rate recordings. Results of the study show lower HRV and lower vagal influence along with increased sympathetic cardiovascular control in athletes with non-functional overreaching and particularly in athletes with overtraining, than in highly trained athletes without NFO/OTS...
March 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459381/arsenic-and-sumo-wrestling-in-protein-modification
#16
Lingzhi Li, Fei Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423285/the-epidemiology-of-high-ankle-sprains-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-sports
#17
Timothy C Mauntel, Erik A Wikstrom, Karen G Roos, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are among the most common injuries experienced by collegiate athletes. The type of ankle sprain is rarely differentiated in epidemiological studies. This differentiation is necessary, as each ankle sprain type has a unique injury mechanism and recovery period. High ankle sprains commonly result in long recovery periods. Thus, a further examination of the epidemiology of high ankle sprains is warranted. PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology of high ankle sprains in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports during the 2009/2010-2014/2015 academic years...
July 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370699/guidance-on-guidelines-understanding-the-evidence-on-the-uptake-of-health-care-guidelines
#18
Cathy Brennan, Joanne Greenhalgh, Ray Pawson
RATIONALE: Regardless of health issue, health sector, patient condition, or treatment modality, the chances are that provision is supported by "a guideline" making professionally endorsed recommendations on best practice. Against this background, research has proliferated seeking to evaluate how effectively such guidance is followed. These investigations paint a gloomy picture with many a guideline prompting lip service, inattention, and even opposition. This predicament has prompted a further literature on how to improve the uptake of guidelines, and this paper considers how to draw together lessons from these inquiries...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362160/epidemiology-of-skin-infections-in-men-s-wrestling-analysis-of-2009-2010-through-2013-2014-national-collegiate-athletic-association-surveillance-data
#19
Mackenzie M Herzog, Melissa A Fraser, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:   Our knowledge of the current epidemiology of skin infections among wrestlers is limited. OBJECTIVE:   To analyze and report the epidemiology of skin infections among National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) men's wrestling student-athletes during the 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 academic years. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Aggregate skin infection and exposure data collected by the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program...
May 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358221/descriptive-epidemiology-of-non-time-loss-injuries-in-collegiate-and-high-school-student-athletes
#20
Zachary Y Kerr, Robert C Lynall, Karen G Roos, Sara L Dalton, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier
CONTEXT:   Research on non-time-loss (NTL) injuries, which result in less than 24 hours of restriction from participation, is limited. OBJECTIVE:   To describe the epidemiology of NTL injuries among collegiate and high school student-athletes. DESIGN:   Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:   Aggregate injury and exposure data collected from a convenience sample of National College Athletic Association varsity teams and 147 high schools in 26 states...
May 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
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