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Ardalan Shariat, Pardis Noormohammadpour, Amir Hossein Memari, Noureddin Nakhostin Ansari, Joshua A Cleland, Ramin Kordi
A 40-year-old retired male elite athlete with more than 20 years' experience in wrestling and bodybuilding with mild elbow pain and disability of 2 years presented to our clinic reporting an acute pain in medial aspect of the elbow. Physical examination revealed symptoms of left Golfer's elbow during target-directed movements. The results of sonography in left elbow showed low level of hypo echo irregularity and increased blood flow in color Doppler mode in the common flexor origin. The pain amplitude was moderate at rest and extremely high during kinetic and intentional movements...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Deanne H Hryciw
Preeclampsia (PE), which complicates ∼14% of pregnancies worldwide (Peters & Flack, 2004), can lead to significant maternal morbidity, fetal and neonatal morbidity and premature birth. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 6, 2018: Journal of Physiology
Pingwei Li, Veerle De Bosscher, Johan Pion, Juanita R Weissensteiner, Jikkemien Vertonghen
Currently in the literature, there is a dearth of empirical research that confirms whether international junior success is a reliable predictor for future international senior success. Despite the uncertainty of the junior-senior relationship, federations and coaches still tend to use junior success as a predictor for long-term senior success. A range of former investigations utilising a retrospective lens has merely focused on success that athletes attained at junior level competitions. Success that was achieved at senior-level competitions but at a junior age was relatively ignored...
March 1, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
Roger E Thomas, Kamran Zamanpour
OBJECTIVES: To identify all studies of injuries in wrestling, assess risk of bias and compute weighted average injury rates. METHODS: 17 online databases and nine grey literature resources were searched with no language/date limitations. Abstracts were assessed for inclusion and data abstracted independently by two reviewers. RESULTS: Eleven studies of competitions, 27 databases, four surveys (699 wrestlers) and seventeen case reports (604 cases) were included...
February 27, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Orith Waisbourd-Zinman, Amit Shah, Henry C Lin, Elizabeth B Rand
INTRODUCTION: Massive splenomegaly from portal hypertension (PHTN) in children raises the specter of splenic rupture; however, the incidence, etiology, and risk of rupture have not been studied, nor have existing practices to reduce risk. We therefore performed an international survey to describe the splenic rupture cases in PHTN and to describe the existing empirical practice among hepatologists. METHODS: A questionnaire was constructed to elicit cases of splenic rupture and collect hepatologists' common practices for prevention of splenic rupture...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Josef Haik, Or Givol, Rachel Kornhaber, Michelle Cleary, Hagit Ofir, Moti Harats
Acute auricular hematoma can be caused by direct blunt trauma or other injury to the external ear. It is typically seen in those who practice full contact sports such as boxing, wrestling, and rugby. "Cauliflower ear" deformity, fibrocartilage formation during scarring, is a common complication of auricular hematomas. Therefore, acute drainage of the hematoma and postprocedural techniques for preventing recurrence are necessary for preventing the deformity. There are many techniques although no superior method of treatment has been found...
2018: International Medical Case Reports Journal
William T Tsushima, Hyeong Jun Ahn, Andrea M Siu, Kara Yoshinaga, So Yung Choi, Nathan M Murata
The aim of this study was to examine the neuropsychological test results of non-concussed high school athletes playing at three different levels of contact sports. Based on the concussion risk data of 12 different sports, a High Contact group (n=2819; wrestling/martial arts, cheerleading, track and field, football), a Moderate Contact group (n=2323; softball, basketball, soccer), and a Low Contact group (n=1580; baseball, volleyball, water polo, tennis, cross-country) were formed and compared in terms of their scores on the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT)...
February 2, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Maria Lindqvist, Margareta Persson, Ingrid Mogren
OBJECTIVE: The aims to explore among pregnant women were their experiences of lifestyle counselling provided by a midwife in antenatal care, addressing health promotion with special focus on physical activity during pregnancy, and factors influencing the trustworthiness of counselling conducted by a midwife. METHODS: This qualitative study collected data from 14 pregnant, primiparous or multiparous women in gestational week 35-36 using in-depth interviews. The data were collected in Sweden in 2015...
March 2018: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
Nikolaos K Maliachovas, Jolanta Klukowska-Rötzler, Thomas C Sauter, Beat Lehmann, Gert Krummrey, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos
Background: This article addresses typical injury patterns related to the traditional Swiss folk wrestling, 'Schwingen'. This is a fight between two competitors with its own rules, grips and throws. A variety of injuries have been occasionally reported. The aim of this study was to characterise all cases of Schwingen injuries treated in the University Hospital of Bern from January 2006 to July 2016. Methods: To assess the frequency, type and outcome of Schwingen injuries, database search was performed of all inpatient and outpatient cases related to Schwingen that were admitted to Bern University Hospital from January 2006 to December 2016...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
Avi D Goodman, Nicholas Lemme, Steven F DeFroda, Joseph A Gil, Brett D Owens
Background: Examination of the incidence of elbow dislocation and subluxation injuries in the collegiate athlete population is limited. Purpose: To determine the incidence of elbow dislocation and subluxation injuries in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and investigate the risk factors involved. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study. Methods: All elbow subluxation and dislocation injuries from the 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 academic years in the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program database were extracted...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Alberto de Castro Pochini, Marcus de Souza Barbosa Rodrigues, Larissa Yamashita, Paulo Santoro Belangero, Carlos Vicente Andreoli, Benno Ejnisman
Objective: To assess the tendon reconstruction technique for total rupture of the pectoralis major muscle using an adjustable cortical button. Methods: Prospective study of 27 male patients with a mean age of 29.9 (SD = 5.3 years) and follow-up of 2.3 years. The procedure consisted of autologous grafts taken from the semitendinosus and gracilis tendons and an adjustable cortical button. Patients were evaluated functionally by the Bak criteria. Results: The surgical treatment of pectoralis major muscle tendon reconstruction was performed in the early stages (three weeks) in six patients (22...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Meghan K Halbrook, Jack C Watson, Dana K Voelker
Despite reports that there has been a positive trend in perception and treatment of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals in recent years (Griffin, 2012; Loftus, 2001), sport, in general, is still an uncertain, and sometimes even hostile, environment for LGB athletes (Anderson, 2005; Beylin, 2006; Waldron & Krane, 2005). To gain more information on coach understanding and perceptions of the team environment, ten high school head coaches in the United States were interviewed to explore their experiences coaching openly LGB athletes...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
Avi D Goodman, John Twomey-Kozak, Steven F DeFroda, Brett D Owens
OBJECTIVES: Examination of the incidence of shoulder and elbow injuries in the collegiate wrestling population is limited. Therefore, we sought to determine the incidence of shoulder and elbow injuries in wrestlers competing in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), and investigate the risk factors involved. METHODS: All shoulder and elbow injuries in wrestlers from the 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 academic years in the NCAA Injury Surveillance Program database were extracted...
January 5, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Oliver R Barley, Dale W Chapman, Chris R Abbiss
PURPOSE: Combat sports are typically divided into weight classes and body mass manipulation to reach a weight class is commonplace. Previous research suggests that mixed martial arts (MMA) weight loss practices may be more extreme than other combat sports. We sought to investigate the magnitude of weight lost and prevalence of weight loss strategies in different combat sports. METHODS: Competitors (n=637) from Brazilian jiu jitsu (BJJ), boxing, judo, MMA, muay Thai/kickboxing (MT/K), taekwondo (TKD) and wrestling completed an online questionnaire seeking information regarding their weight loss practices...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Yasuaki Nakagawa, Shogo Mukai, Kazufumi Minami, Yuji Hattori, Takashi Nakamura
Background: Sumo has long been a traditional sport in Japan and is rapidly attracting enthusiasts abroad. Sumo wrestling entails a risk of impact to the cervical spine during an initial charge. Few reports are available in the English-language literature regarding radiological changes in the cervical spine in sumo wrestlers. Purpose: To examine radiological changes in the cervical spine in freshmen collegiate sumo wrestlers. Study Design: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
J W Thomas Byrd, John C Clohisy, Young-Jo Kim, F Winston Gwathmey, Kay S Jones, Michael B Millis
Hip problems due to dysplasia are commonly associated with female athletes in sports demanding supraphysiologic motion, such as ballet, gymnastics and figure skating. However, hip problems are rarely mentioned among wrestlers, a male sport in which flexibility is advantageous. Dysplasia may have a mostly unrecognized prevalence among wrestlers that can lead to problems and benefit from reorientation periacetabular osteotomy (PAO). Study design in this research is Level 4 evidence case reports. Three consecutive intercollegiate wrestlers ages 20, 21 and 22 years underwent PAO for dysplasia and are reported...
December 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
Stuart B Murray, Erin C Accurso, Scott Griffiths, Jason M Nagata
The recognition of eating disorders (EDs) in males represents an ongoing challenge for physicians. This challenge is particularly complex in the case of EDs that are oriented toward muscularity, as opposed to thinness, which current diagnostic criteria do not accommodate. Nevertheless, EDs in males, and muscularity-oriented disordered eating (MODE) in particular, are increasingly prevalent and are likely to be encountered in clinical practice. We report the case of a 16-year-old male who presented with medical instability, requiring hospitalization, in the context of MODE...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Joe Roth, Taylor Szczygiel, Mary Moore, Paul O'Connor, Jeffrey Edwards, Naveen Sharma, Ryan Pettit-Mee, Micah Zuhl
The purpose of this study was to determine if biological markers of muscle damage and inflammation coincide with subjective measures of muscle fatigue and sleep quality among Division I collegiate wrestlers. The goal was to provide practitioners with noninvasive techniques to evaluate a wrestlers inflammatory state. METHODS: Subjects from the Central Michigan University Division I collegiate wrestling team (n=6) were analyzed on six separate occasions throughout the course of the competitive season and post season...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Daniel T McMaster, Christopher M Beaven, Brad Mayo, Nicholas Gill, Kim Hébert-Losier
Purpose: The prevalence of compression garment (CG) use is increasing with athletes striving to take advantage of the purported benefits to recovery and performance. Here, we investigated the effect of CG on muscle force and movement velocity performance in athletes. Methods: Ten well-trained male rugby athletes wore a wrestling-style CG suit applying 13-31 mmHg of compressive pressure during a training circuit in a repeated-measures crossover design. Force and velocity data were collected during a 5-s isometric mid-thigh pull (IMTP) and repeated countermovement jump (CMJ), respectively; and time to complete a 5-m horizontal loaded sled push was also measured...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
Marion Rutherford, Morag Burns, Duncan Gray, Lynne Bremner, Sarah Clegg, Lucy Russell, Charlie Smith, Anne O'Hare
The 'autism diagnosis crisis' and long waiting times for assessment are as yet unresolved, leading to undue stress and limiting access to effective support. There is therefore a significant need for evidence to support practitioners in the development of efficient services, delivering acceptable waiting times and effectively meeting guideline standards. This study reports statistically significant reductions in waiting times for autism diagnostic assessment following a children's health service improvement programme...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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