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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893486/rankings-of-high-school-sports-injury-rates-differ-based-on-time-loss-assessments
#1
Zachary Y Kerr, Karen G Roos, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Stephen W Marshall
OBJECTIVE: To examine how injury definition inclusiveness affects the rank order of injury rates in 27 high school (HS) sports. DESIGN: The National Athletic Treatment, Injury and Outcomes Network (NATION) used certified athletic trainers (ATs) to collect injury and athlete-exposure (AE) data in practices and competitions for 27 HS sports during the 2011/2012 to 2013/2014 academic years. Time loss (TL) injuries resulted in ≥24 hours of participation restriction...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888019/ifenprodil-infusion-in-agranular-insular-cortex-alters-social-behavior-and-vocalizations-in-rats-exposed-to-moderate-levels-of-ethanol-during-prenatal-development
#2
Clark W Bird, Daniel Barto, Christy M Magcalas, Carlos I Rodriguez, Tia Donaldson, Suzy Davies, Daniel D Savage, Derek A Hamilton
Moderate exposure to alcohol during development leads to subtle neurobiological and behavioral effects classified under the umbrella term fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). Alterations in social behaviors are a frequently observed consequence of maternal drinking, as children with FASDs display inappropriate aggressive behaviors and altered responses to social cues. Rodent models of FASDs mimic the behavioral alterations seen in humans, with rats exposed to ethanol during development displaying increased aggressive behaviors, decreased social investigation, and altered play behavior...
November 22, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861132/chronic-morel-lavall%C3%A3-e-lesion-a-novel-minimally-invasive-method-of-treatment
#3
Ramireddy Mettu, Harsha Vardhan Surath, Hanumantha Rao Chayam, Amaranth Surath
A Morel-Lavallée lesion is a closed internal degloving injury resulting from a shearing force applied to the skin. The etiology of this condition may be motor vehicle accidents, falls, contact sports (ie, football, wrestling),1 and iatrogenic after mammoplasty or abdominal liposuction.2 Common sites of the lesions include the pelvis and/or thigh.3 Isolated Morel-Lavallée lesions without underlying fracture are likely to be missed, which result in chronicity. Management of this condition often requires extensive surgical procedures such as debridement, sclerotherapy, serial percutaneous drainage, negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT), and skin grafting...
November 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774212/the-use-of-neuroscientific-evidence-in-canadian-criminal-proceedings
#4
Jennifer A Chandler
This article addresses the question of how neuroscientific evidence is currently used in the Canadian criminal justice system, with a view to identifying the main contexts in which this evidence is raised, as well as to discern the impact of this evidence on judgements of responsibility, dangerousness, and treatability. The most general Canadian legal database was searched for cases in the five-year period between 2008 and 2012 in which neuroscientific evidence related to the responsibility and recidivism risk of criminal offenders was considered...
November 2015: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756780/wrestling-the-giant-new-approaches-for-assessing-titin-variant-pathogenicity
#5
Emmi Helle, Victoria N Parikh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732003/multiple-sclerosis-ms-in-the-life-cycle-of-the-family-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-of-the-perspective-of-persons-with-recently-diagnosed-ms
#6
Archie de Ceuninck van Capelle, Leo H Visser, Frans Vosman
Introduction: In this study the authors explored how people with recently diagnosed multiple sclerosis (MS) experience their disease within their family lives. Ten people in various stages of the cycle of family life (leaving home, finding a partner, raising children, parenting adolescents, launching children) who had been diagnosed with MS were interviewed in half-structured conversational interviews. Method: Transcriptions were analyzed following a phenomenological approach. Results: Five themes were found: (a) dwindling capacity for housekeeping and childcare (b) struggling to ask for or to accept help, (c) countering awkward attitudes toward my illness, (d) suspecting family members of concealing their, and (e) watching family members wrestle with your illness...
August 15, 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726752/imaging-the-injured-pediatric-athlete-upper-extremity
#7
Jorge Delgado, Diego Jaramillo, Nancy A Chauvin
Increased physical activity in childhood has resulted in a large number of sports-related injuries. Although there is overlap between the sports-related injuries seen in pediatric and adult patients, important differences exist in the injury patterns of pediatric patients. These differences are related to the continuous changes in the developing skeleton and its relationship with adjacent soft tissues. The imbalance in strength between the growing bones and the nearby tendons and ligaments makes the bones prone to acute and chronic injuries...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703063/speed-of-reaction-and-fighting-effectiveness-in-elite-greco-roman-wrestlers
#8
Dariusz Gierczuk, Vladimir Lyakh, Jerzy Sadowski, Zbigniew Bujak
The purpose of the study was to determine the changes in simple reaction time and to define correlations between simple reaction time and technical and tactical actions performed by elite Greco-Roman wrestlers during a match. Twenty Greco-Roman wrestlers (M age = 19.5 years, SD = 1.8) from the Wrestling Sports Centre in Radom participated in the study. Simple reaction time (including reaction time and movement time) before a match and after the first, the second, and the third round was analyzed. The wrestlers' reaction time and movement time changed in the course of performance...
October 4, 2016: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652409/that-fierce-edge-sibling-conflict-and-politics-in-georgian-england
#9
Amy Harris
[[siblingsbrotherssistersEnglandbirth ordermarital status ]] Using a combination of brief case studies and statistical analysis of probate disputes in eighteenth-century England, this article argues for an expanded interpretation of Georgian family life—an interpretation that understands the tugs and pulls of siblinghood. In the eighteenth century, emerging ideas about social equality based on idealized siblinghood tangled with engrained family hierarchies to produce messy, constantly shifting, sibling politics...
2012: Journal of Family History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649830/the-challenge-of-defining-success-in-bioethics-humanist-wing
#10
Paul Lauritzen
In "Reason and the Republic of Opinion," Leon Wieseltier bemoaned an age that reduces reason to utilitarian calculation and requires almost ritual genuflection before the altar of numbers. The spirit of this age is at work in the field of bioethics where, as Debra Mathews and colleagues point out in "A Conceptual Model for the Translation of Bioethics Research and Scholarship," researchers and scholars are increasingly "being asked to demonstrate and also forecast the value and impact of their work." Despite the reductionism that typically accompanies the movements imbued with this spirit, the concern for accountability that stands behind the call for measuring success is legitimate...
September 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634070/developing-and-testing-an-instrument-to-assess-aquaticity-in-humans
#11
Danae Varveri, Andreas D Flouris, Nikitas Smirnios, Elizana Pollatou, Christina Karatzaferi, Giorgos K Sakkas
We developed and validated an aquaticity assessment test (AAT) for the evaluation of human physical adequacy in the water. Forty-six volunteers (25M/21F; 20 ± 8 years) participated and performed 10 easy-to-administer and practical aquatic tasks. Group A was formed by 36 elite athletes (M/F 20/16, 24.7 ± 10yrs) from two sports categories depending on their affinity to the water environment: terrestrial (wrestling, cycling, dancing) and aquatic (swimming, synchronized swimming, free diving) sports. Group B was formed by 10 non-athlete participants (5M/5F, 14...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632843/the-effectiveness-of-cervical-strengthening-on-decreasing-neck-injury-risk-in-wrestling
#12
Katherine Lee, James Onate, Samar McCann, Tamerah Hunt, Wilbert Turner, Mark Merrick
Clinical Scenario: In wrestling, athletes often support a large amount of weight on their heads or are forced into extreme ranges of motion. These suboptimal movement conditions lead to a high prevalence of neck injuries in wrestlers. A large portion of the work done by the cervical musculature in wrestling is theorized to be eccentric or isometric types of contractions. Strengthening of these cervical muscles is clinically considered to play a vital role in being competitive on the wrestling mat. The cervical stability provided by strengthening these muscles may also play a part in injury prevention among wrestlers...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599279/mouthguard-usage-by-middle-and-high-school-student-athletes-in-houston-texas
#13
Michael B Miller, Cleverick D Johnson, Ralph A Cooley, Holly Sharp, Thomas A Servos
This survey recorded utilization levels of stock and custom mouthguards among middle and high school athletes in a US metropolitan area and gathered data on the prevalence of traumatic injuries that have occurred as a consequence of school-based athletic competition. The data also included reasons for the athletes' noncompliance. A 23-question, online survey form was developed. A geographically diverse list of public and private schools in the Houston metropolitan area was identified and included 30 public middle schools, 32 public high schools, 8 private middle schools, and 10 private high schools...
September 2016: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561090/comparison-of-neuropsychological-test-scores-of-high-school-athletes-in-high-and-low-contact-sports-a-replication-study
#14
William T Tsushima, Andrea M Siu, Nozomi Yamashita, Ross S Oshiro, Nathan M Murata
This replication study re-examined the neuropsychological effects of participation in high and low contact youth sports. Modeled after a recently published investigation, two contact sport groups of participants ages 12 to 18 were formed based on the rate of concussion in their respective sport, with the assumption that more head impacts and neuropsychological effects occur in high contact sports that have a greater number of reported concussions as compared with low contact sports. The preseason baseline ImPACT neuropsychological test scores and symptom scores of non-concussed youth athletes in a High Contact Sport (football, n = 139) and a Low Contact Sport (basketball, baseball, soccer, wrestling, volleyball, paddling, and cheerleading, n = 57) were compared...
August 25, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530614/injuries-sustained-by-the-mixed-martial-arts-athlete
#15
Andrew R Jensen, Robert C Maciel, Frank A Petrigliano, John P Rodriguez, Adam G Brooks
CONTEXT: Mixed martial arts (MMA) is rapidly growing in popularity in the United States and abroad. This combat sport joins athletes from a wide variety of martial art disciplines, each with characteristic and distinguishing injury profiles, together in competition. Because of increasing participation by professionals and amateurs alike, injuries sustained by MMA athletes have been on the rise. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A review of relevant publications using the search term mixed martial arts and each of its component combat sports (eg, Muay Thai, Brazilian jiu-jitsu) from 1980 through 2015 was completed using PubMed and Google Scholar...
August 16, 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525183/conservative-management-of-an-isolated-grade-iii-lateral-collateral-ligament-injury-in-an-adolescent-multi-sport-athlete-a-case-report
#16
M Alex Haddad, Justin M Budich, Brian J Eckenrode
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. BACKGROUND: Isolated, grade III lateral collateral ligament knee injuries are an uncommon traumatic injury with little guidance available in the literature for conservative management and prognosis for return to sport. The purpose of this case report is to describe the clinical decision-making in both differential diagnosis and physical therapy management of an isolated grade III lateral collateral ligament sprain in an adolescent multi-sport high school athlete...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523231/bizarre-game-of-rugby
#17
J Pohorley
Earlier this year we were all upset by images of Kurdish women huddled around moribund children in makeshift polythene tents. Outside in the rain and mud the men, old and young, competed in a bizarre game of rugby, desperately trying to wrestle sacks of food away from the mob to take back to their families. It was said that over a million Kurds had fled from their towns and villages to escape Saddam Hussein's helicopter gun- ships but were now dying at the rate of 2,000 a day in rain-lashed Kurdistan.
September 18, 1991: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508148/interaction-of-actn3-gene-polymorphism-and-muscle-imbalance-effects-on-kinematic-efficiency-in-combat-sports-athletes
#18
Hansang Jung, Namju Lee, Sok Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the interaction of ACTN3 gene polymorphism and muscle imbalance effects on kinematic efficiency changes in combat sports athletes. METHODS: Six types of combat sports athletes (Judo, Taekwondo, boxing, kendo, wrestling, and Korean Ssi-reum) participated in the study. ATCN3 gene polymorphism and muscle imbalance in lower extremity were evaluated followed by analysis of differences of moment in hip, knee, and ankle joint during V-cut jumping and stop...
June 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484885/sumo-wrestles-breaks-to-the-nuclear-ring-s-edge
#19
Chihiro Horigome, Susan M Gasser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2, 2016: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477640/minireview-endocrine-disruptors-past-lessons-and-future-directions
#20
Thaddeus T Schug, Anne F Johnson, Linda S Birnbaum, Theo Colborn, Louis J Guillette, David P Crews, Terry Collins, Ana M Soto, Frederick S Vom Saal, John A McLachlan, Carlos Sonnenschein, Jerrold J Heindel
Within the past few decades, the concept of endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) has risen from a position of total obscurity to become a focus of dialogue, debate, and concern among scientists, physicians, regulators, and the public. The emergence and development of this field of study has not always followed a smooth path, and researchers continue to wrestle with questions about the low-dose effects and nonmonotonic dose responses seen with EDCs, their biological mechanisms of action, the true pervasiveness of these chemicals in our environment and in our bodies, and the extent of their effects on human and wildlife health...
August 2016: Molecular Endocrinology
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