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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924314/comparison-between-standing-broad-jump-test-and-wingate-test-for-assessing-lower-limb-anaerobic-power-in-elite-sportsmen
#1
Anup Krishnan, Deep Sharma, Madhu Bhatt, Apoorv Dixit, P Pradeep
BACKGROUND: Lower limb explosive power is an important motor quality for sporting performance and indicates use of anaerobic energy systems like stored ATP and Creatine phosphate system. Weightlifting, Fencing and Wrestling use it for monitoring and identification of potential sportsmen. The Wingate test and Standing Broad Jump (SBJ) test are reliable and accurate tests for its assessment. This study conducted on elite Indian sportsmen tries to analyse feasibility of use of the SBJ test in sports and military medicine when Wingate test is impractical...
April 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919185/epidemiology-of-cervical-spine-injuries-in-high-school-athletes-over-a-ten-year-period
#2
Adele Meron, Christopher McMullen, Scott R Laker, Dustin Currie, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Over 7 million athletes participate in high school (HS) sports annually, with both the benefits of physical activity and risks of injury. While catastrophic cervical spine injuries have been studied, limited data are available characterizing less severe cervical spine injuries in HS athletes. OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare cervical spine injury rates and patterns among United States (US) HS athletes across 24 sports over a ten-year period. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study SETTING: National sample of high schools participating in the High School Reporting Information Online (High School RIO) injury surveillance system...
September 12, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918391/genetic-polymorphisms-associated-with-the-risk-of-concussion-in-1056-college-athletes-a-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Thomas Roland Terrell, Ruth Abramson, Jeffery T Barth, Ellen Bennett, Robert C Cantu, Richard Sloane, Daniel T Laskowitz, David M Erlanger, Douglas McKeag, Gregory Nichols, Verle Valentine, Leslie Galloway
BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate the association of genetic polymorphisms APOE, APOE G-219T promoter, microtubule associated protein(MAPT)/tau exon 6 Ser(53)Pro, MAPT/tau Hist(47)Tyr, IL-6572 G/C and IL-6R(Asp)358(Ala) with the risk of concussion in college athletes. METHODS: A 23-centre prospective cohort study of 1056 college athletes with genotyping was completed between August 2003 and December 2012. All athletes completed baseline medical and concussion questionnaires, and post-concussion data were collected for athletes with a documented concussion...
September 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902761/care-of-water-polo-players
#4
Jennifer D Stromberg
Water polo is a team sport that combines swimming with overhead throwing and wrestling. This places water polo players at risk for a unique group of illnesses and injuries. In addition to the medical problems and injuries seen in competitive swimmers, water polo players are at risk for a variety of traumatic injuries, including concussions, eye injuries, tympanic membrane perforation, fractures, dislocations, and lacerations. Repetitive overhead throwing also places these athletes at risk for related injuries, such as shoulder problems, including rotator cuff strain and impingement, and elbow problems, such as ulnar collateral ligament injuries, posteromedial impingement, and osteochondritis dissecans of the radial capitellum...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894925/alligator-wrestling-morphological-molecular-and-phylogenetic-data-on-odhneriotrema-incommodum-leidy-1856-digenea-clinostomidae-from-alligator-mississippiensis-daudin-1801-in-mississippi-usa
#5
Ethan T Woodyard, Thomas Graham Rosser, Scott A Rush
Based on specimens collected from harvested American alligator Alligator mississippiensis Daudin, 1801 in Mississippi, USA, novel molecular data for both nuclear ribosomal genes (18S, ITS1-5.8S, ITS2, and 28S) and mitochondrial genes (cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide dehydrogenase subunit 1) are provided for Odhneriotrema incommodum (Leidy, 1856), a trematode of the family Clinostomidae Lühe, 1901 infecting A. mississippiensis and the Florida spotted gar Lepisosteus platyrhincus DeKay, 1842...
September 11, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877399/cops-and-docs-the-challenges-for-ed-physicians-balancing-the-police-state-laws-and-emtala
#6
By Kristin E Malcolm, James G Malcolm, Daniel T Wu, Kevin A Spainhour, Kevin P Race
State laws are awash with discord concerning whether a police officer's request or court order necessarily obligates physicians to perform a body fluid analysis of an arrested, conscious, nonconsenting suspect. Police typically bring arrestees directly to the emergency department (ED), and federal courts have begun to wrestle with the implications of the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA), which requires that anyone presenting to the ED be screened for treatment. Some state laws require health care providers to comply with any police request for lab analysis, while other states offer more leeway to physicians...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Healthcare Risk Management: the Journal of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872383/weight-management-practices-of-australian-olympic-combat-sport-athletes
#7
Reid Reale, Gary Slater, Louise M Burke
PURPOSE: Combat sport athletes undertake chronic and rapid weight loss (RWL) practices to qualify for weight divisions lower than their training weight. Variation between sports in the prevalence, methods, and magnitude of weight loss as well as recovery practices may be influenced by factors including competition level and culture. Differences in methodologies of previous research in combat sports make direct comparisons difficult, thus this study aimed to examine weight loss practices among all Olympic combat sports in Australia, using standardised methodology...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865174/considerations-for-reporting-of-stillbirths-and-fetal-deaths
#8
Robert L Goldenberg, Elizabeth M McClure
In reporting stillbirths, issues such as lower gestational age limits, inclusion or exclusion of pregnancy terminations, as well as privacy concerns related to public vital statistics have been contentious issues for many years. In their commentary, Joseph et al wrestle with these and other issues in order to provoke a broader discussion on fetal mortality (Joseph et al; BJOG; in press This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
September 2, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852337/injuries-in-collegiate-wrestlers-at-an-elite-division-i-ncaa-wrestling-program-an-epidemiological-study
#9
Jesse E Otero, Christopher M Graves, Matthew J Bollier
BACKGROUND: Injury is common in the sport of wrestling. More than 6000 athletes compete in NCAA wrestling yearly. Despite this popularity, little is known about the epidemiology of wrestlers' injuries and factors affecting return to competition. We hypothesized that patterns of injury and associated factors influence return to participation. METHODS: Retrospective database review of one Division I NCAA wrestling program over nine seasons (2002 to 2011). RESULTS: From 2002 to 2011, 125 wrestlers were varsity participants at a single NCAA Division I program...
2017: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836483/-it-can-promote-an-existential-crisis-factors-influencing-pap-test-acceptability-and-utilization-among-transmasculine-individuals
#10
Sarah M Peitzmeier, Madina Agénor, Ida M Bernstein, Michal McDowell, Natalie M Alizaga, Sari L Reisner, Dana J Pardee, Jennifer Potter
Transmasculine (i.e., female-to-male transgender) individuals have lower rates of cervical cancer screening than nontransgender women and often report negative experiences with the Pap test. Deciding to undergo screening and the test experience itself are characterized by the following processes: negotiating identity as the patient, provider, and insurance company wrestle with the degree of (in)congruence between a patient's masculine gender identity and their conception of the Pap test as feminine; bargaining for health as a Pap test may be required to obtain medical transition services or avoid undesired health outcomes; withstanding acute challenges during the Pap test to body, identity, and privacy; or reframing challenges as affirmation...
August 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827381/promotion-of-healthy-weight-control-practices-in-young-athletes
#11
Rebecca L Carl, Miriam D Johnson, Thomas J Martin
Children and adolescents may participate in sports that favor a particular body type. Some sports, such as gymnastics, dance, and distance running, emphasize a slim or lean physique for aesthetic or performance reasons. Participants in weight-class sports, such as wrestling and martial arts, may attempt weight loss so they can compete at a lower weight class. Other sports, such as football and bodybuilding, highlight a muscular physique; young athletes engaged in these sports may desire to gain weight and muscle mass...
August 21, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818416/adolescent-sports-participation-e-cigarette-use-and-cigarette-smoking
#12
Phil Veliz, Sean Esteban McCabe, Vita V McCabe, Carol J Boyd
INTRODUCTION: Although sport participation among adolescents has been found to lower the risk of traditional cigarette smoking, no studies to date have assessed if this type of physical activity lowers the risk of e-cigarette use among adolescents. METHODS: National data from the 2014 and 2015 Monitoring the Future study of 12th-grade students were used and analyses were conducted in 2016. Measures for past 30-day e-cigarette use and traditional cigarette smoking were used to assess differences between adolescents who participated in at least one competitive sport during the past year and adolescents who did not...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812753/cyanide-vs-azide-magnetic-arm-wrestling-mn-ii-nb-iv-and-mn-ii-mo-iv-magnetic-coordination-polymers-with-mixed-bridging
#13
Gabriela Handzlik, Marcin Kozieł, Anna Olejniczak, Barbara Sieklucka, Dawid Pinkowicz
Two magnetic coordination polymers with mixed cyanide-azide bridging based on octacyanoniobate(iv) and octacyanomolybdate(iv) are reported: {(NH4)[(H2O)Mn(II)-(μ-N3)-Mn(II)(H2O)][M(IV)(CN)8]·3H2O}n Mn2MN3 (M = Nb or Mo). Cyanide ligands form the 3-D framework of Mn2MN3, while azide ligands connect two Mn(II) centres together. Both CN(-) and N3(-) are known in magnetochemistry for their marked magnetic coupling abilities which in the case of Mn2NbN3 lead to competitive antiferromagnetic interactions within the Nb(IV)-CN-Mn(II) and Mn(II)-N3-Mn(II) structural motifs...
August 29, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762030/a-contrastive-account-of-explanation-generation
#14
Seth Chin-Parker, Alexandra Bradner
In this article, we propose a contrastive account of explanation generation. Though researchers have long wrestled with the concepts of explanation and understanding, as well as with the procedures by which we might evaluate explanations, less attention has been paid to the initial generation stages of explanation. Before an explainer can answer a question, he or she must come to some understanding of the explanandum-what the question is asking-and of the explanatory form and content called for by the context...
July 31, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749057/how-long-a-life-is-enough-life
#15
Daniel Callahan, Willard Gaylin
Humans have long been troubled by the prospect of old age and its culmination in death. Whether to rebel against or accept this fate have been wrestled with down through the centuries. But new medical technologies and the growing science of aging have sided with rebellion. We know that aging can be pushed back and improved in its quality. That progress is well under way, but now intensified by many scientists and Silicon Valley entrepreneurs. In 2016, Mark Zuckerberg and Priscilla Chan pledged three billion dollars toward eventually "preventing, curing or managing all diseases...
July 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739314/concussion-rates-in-u-s-middle-school-athletes-2015-2016-school-year
#16
Zachary Y Kerr, Nelson Cortes, Amanda M Caswell, Jatin P Ambegaonkar, Kaitlin Romm Hallsmith, A Frederick Milbert, Shane V Caswell
INTRODUCTION: Concussion incidence estimates in middle school sports settings are limited. This study examines concussion incidence in nine U.S. middle schools during the 2015-2016 school year. METHODS: Concussion data originated from nine public middle schools in Prince William County, Virginia, during the 2015-2016 school year. Certified athletic trainers collected concussion and athlete exposure (AE) data in school-sanctioned games and practices in boys' baseball, basketball, football, soccer, track, and wrestling; and girls' basketball, cheerleading, soccer, softball, track, and volleyball...
July 21, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720693/catastrophic-cervical-spinal-injury-in-an-amateur-college-wrestler
#17
Jayakrishnan Kelamangalathu Narayana Kurup, Ravitheja Jampani, Simanchal P Mohanty
A young amateur wrestler presented with a burst fracture of the seventh cervical vertebra with complete paraplegia. He was treated with surgery for spine stabilisation and was actively rehabilitated. Adolescents and teenagers are indulging in high-contact sports like wrestling, without proper training and technical know-how, which can lead to severe injuries and possibly, permanent handicap or death. Trainers, assistants and institutions should be well equipped to diagnose and provide initial care of people with a spinal injury to prevent a partial injury from progressing to complete injury...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713476/the-relationship-between-perceived-coaching-behaviours-motivation-and-self-efficacy-in-wrestlers
#18
İhsan Sarı, Betül Bayazıt
The current study aimed to determine the relationship between perceived coaching behaviours, motivation, self-efficacy and general self-efficacy of wrestlers who competed in the Super National Wrestling League. The sample consisted of 289 wrestlers. The Self-Efficacy Scale was used to measure self-efficacy perception, the Sports Motivation Scale to measure the motivation of the athletes, the Leadership Scale for Sport to determine perceived leadership behaviours, and the General Self-Efficacy Scale to determine the general self-efficacy perceptions of the athletes...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653585/international-workshop-on-professionalism-in-the-practice-of-medicine-where-are-we-now
#19
Ora Paltiel, Lior Lowenstein, Jonathan Demma, Orly Manor
Medical professionalism refers to attributes, values, behaviors, responsibilities and commitments of physicians that are congruent with the public's expectations. An international workshop on medical professionalism took place at the Dead Sea, Israel, on December 11-12, 2016. The meeting brought together local medical professionals, physicians and others, as well as international experts, to discuss definitions of professionalism and wrestle with current challenges facing the profession including its perceived status and physician satisfaction, unprofessional behavior and its relation to health care quality and patient safety, and professionalism as a learned competence...
April 3, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644776/eye-injuries-in-high-school-and-collegiate-athletes
#20
Barry P Boden, Lauren A Pierpoint, Rebecca G Boden, R Dawn Comstock, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: Although eye injuries constitute a small percentage of high school and college sports injuries, they have the potential to be permanently debilitating. HYPOTHESIS: Eye injury rates will vary by sport, sex, and between the high school and college age groups. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3. METHODS: Data from eye injury reports in high school and college athletes were obtained from the National High School Sports-Related Injury Surveillance System, High School Reporting Information Online (HS RIO) database over a 10-year span (2005-2006 through 2014-2015 school years) and the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Injury Surveillance Program (ISP) over an 11-year span (2004-2005 through 2014-2015 school years)...
September 2017: Sports Health
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