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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111630/anthropometric-profile-of-combat-athletes-via-multivariate-analysis
#1
Anna Burdukiewicz, Jadwiga Pietraszewska, Aleksandra Stachoń, Justyna Andrzejewska
BACKGROUND: Athletic success is a complex phenotype influenced by multiple factors, from sport-specific skills to anthropometric characteristics. Considering the latter, the literature has repeatedly indicated that athletes possess distinct physical characteristics depending on the practiced discipline. The aim of the present study was to apply univariate and multivariate methods to assess a wide range of morphometric and somatotypic characteristics in male combat athletes. METHODS: Biometric data were obtained from 206 male university-level practitioners of judo, jiu-jitsu, karate, kickboxing, taekwondo, and wrestling...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080936/detection-of-candida-species-by-nested-pcr-method-in-one-humped-camels-camelus-dromedarius
#2
Ugur Parin, Goksel Erbas, Sukru Kirkan, Serap Savasan, H Tugba Yuksel, Gamze Balat
Systemic fungal diseases are the infections caused by false treatment protocols and generally are not taken into consideration especially in the veterinary field. One-humped camels are found in the western side of the Aegean region of our country and bred for wrestling. The aim of this study is the application of diagnosing systemic fungi infection from camel blood samples by the PCR method. In this study, specific primers for DNA topoisomerase II gene sequences were used. As a result, a systemic fungal infection was detected by the nested PCR method from 10 (20%) out of 50 DNA samples taken from camels located on the western side of the Aegean region...
October 28, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059067/former-work-life-and-people-with-dementia
#3
Bente Nordtug, Karin Torvik, Hildfrid V Brataas, Are Holen, Birthe Loa Knizek
Twelve persons with dementia were interviewed about their former work lives. Their motivation for choosing their past work was influenced by values of their contemporary culture. Those who had come to terms with their illness had positive feelings about their past contributions in their former paid work. However, they often felt that unpaid work was taken for granted and not fully recognized by family or society. Some wrestled with accepting their illness; they were grieving their losses, regardless of former success...
October 20, 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023690/the-bony-horncore-of-the-common-eland-taurotragus-oryx-composition-and-mechanical-properties-of-a-spiral-fighting-structure
#4
Jamil Cappelli, Andrés J García, Radim Kotrba, Pablo Gambín Pozo, Tomas Landete-Castillejos, Laureano Gallego, Francisco Ceacero
Horns are permanent structures projecting from the head of bovids, consisting of a bony horncore covered with a layer of skin and then a sheath of keratinous material showing variability of growth intensity based on nutrition. From the point of view of the horn's mechanical properties, the keratin sheath has been widely studied, but only a few studies have considered the complete structure of the horn and fewer studies have focused on the bony horncore and its characteristics. The latter showed the important role of the bony core, when cranial appendages are subject to mechanical stress (as happens during fighting)...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994471/god-of-the-hinge-treating-lgbtqia-patients
#5
Annie Boland
This paper looks at systems of gender within the context of analysis. It explores the unique challenges of individuation faced by transsexual, transgender, gender queer, gender non-conforming, cross-dressing and intersex patients. To receive patients generously we need to learn how a binary culture produces profound and chronic trauma. These patients wrestle with being who they are whilst simultaneously receiving negative projections and feeling invisible. While often presenting with the struggles of gender conforming individuals, understanding the specifically gendered aspect of their identity is imperative...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960119/the-use-of-sports-imagery-and-terminology-on-cigarette-packs-from-fourteen-countries
#6
Cerise Kleb, Kevin Welding, Joanna E Cohen, Katherine C Smith
BACKGROUND: Tobacco companies have historically associated their products with sports through event sponsorship and sports-themed advertising campaigns. Such linkages serve to enhance brand image by connecting cigarette brands to ideals associated with sports such as strength, individual accomplishment, and a healthy body. Public health policy progress has created restrictions for tobacco sponsorship and restricted traditional advertising avenues for tobacco products. Nonetheless, the pack itself remains as a mechanism by which to link cigarettes to sports and sporting prowess...
September 29, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954799/a-systematic-review-of-prospective-epidemiological-research-into-injury-and-illness-in-olympic-combat-sport
#7
REVIEW
Sally J Bromley, Michael K Drew, Scott Talpey, Andrew S McIntosh, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND: Combat sports involve body contact through striking, kicking and/or throwing. They are anecdotally referred to as 'dangerous', yet long-term investigation into specific injury rates is yet to be explored. OBJECTIVE: To describe incidence and prevalence of injury and illness within Olympic combat sports and to investigate risk of bias of prospective injury and illness research within these sports. METHODS: We systematically searched literature published up until May 2016...
September 27, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945690/epidemiology-of-anterior-tibial-spine-fractures-in-young-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-122-cases
#8
Derek P Axibal, Justin J Mitchell, Meredith H Mayo, Jorge Chahla, Chase S Dean, Claire E Palmer, Kristen Campbell, Armando F Vidal, Jason T Rhodes
BACKGROUND: Historically, bicycle accidents were described as the most common mechanism for pediatric anterior tibial spine fractures (ATSFs). There is a paucity of current literature examining the demographic factors associated with these injuries. The purpose of this cohort study was to characterize the epidemiology of ATSFs presenting to a single tertiary referral pediatric hospital. METHODS: A consecutive cohort of 122 pediatric patients with ATSFs between 1996 and 2014 were reviewed...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924314/comparison-between-standing-broad-jump-test-and-wingate-test-for-assessing-lower-limb-anaerobic-power-in-elite-sportsmen
#9
Anup Krishnan, Deep Sharma, Madhu Bhatt, Apoorv Dixit, P Pradeep
BACKGROUND: Lower limb explosive power is an important motor quality for sporting performance and indicates use of anaerobic energy systems like stored ATP and Creatine phosphate system. Weightlifting, Fencing and Wrestling use it for monitoring and identification of potential sportsmen. The Wingate test and Standing Broad Jump (SBJ) test are reliable and accurate tests for its assessment. This study conducted on elite Indian sportsmen tries to analyse feasibility of use of the SBJ test in sports and military medicine when Wingate test is impractical...
April 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919185/epidemiology-of-cervical-spine-injuries-in-high-school-athletes-over-a-ten-year-period
#10
Adele Meron, Christopher McMullen, Scott R Laker, Dustin Currie, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: More than 7 million athletes participate in high school (HS) sports annually, with both the benefits of physical activity and risks of injury. Although catastrophic cervical spine injuries have been studied, limited data are available that characterize less-severe cervical spine injuries in HS athletes. OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare cervical spine injury rates and patterns among U.S. HS athletes across 24 sports over a 10-year period. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
September 12, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918391/genetic-polymorphisms-associated-with-the-risk-of-concussion-in-1056-college-athletes-a-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Thomas Roland Terrell, Ruth Abramson, Jeffery T Barth, Ellen Bennett, Robert C Cantu, Richard Sloane, Daniel T Laskowitz, David M Erlanger, Douglas McKeag, Gregory Nichols, Verle Valentine, Leslie Galloway
BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate the association of genetic polymorphisms APOE, APOE G-219T promoter, microtubule associated protein(MAPT)/tau exon 6 Ser(53)Pro, MAPT/tau Hist(47)Tyr, IL-6572 G/C and IL-6R(Asp)358(Ala) with the risk of concussion in college athletes. METHODS: A 23-centre prospective cohort study of 1056 college athletes with genotyping was completed between August 2003 and December 2012. All athletes completed baseline medical and concussion questionnaires, and post-concussion data were collected for athletes with a documented concussion...
September 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902761/care-of-water-polo-players
#12
Jennifer D Stromberg
Water polo is a team sport that combines swimming with overhead throwing and wrestling. This places water polo players at risk for a unique group of illnesses and injuries. In addition to the medical problems and injuries seen in competitive swimmers, water polo players are at risk for a variety of traumatic injuries, including concussions, eye injuries, tympanic membrane perforation, fractures, dislocations, and lacerations. Repetitive overhead throwing also places these athletes at risk for related injuries, such as shoulder problems, including rotator cuff strain and impingement, and elbow problems, such as ulnar collateral ligament injuries, posteromedial impingement, and osteochondritis dissecans of the radial capitellum...
September 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894925/alligator-wrestling-morphological-molecular-and-phylogenetic-data-on-odhneriotrema-incommodum-leidy-1856-digenea-clinostomidae-from-alligator-mississippiensis-daudin-1801-in-mississippi-usa
#13
Ethan T Woodyard, Thomas Graham Rosser, Scott A Rush
Based on specimens collected from harvested American alligator Alligator mississippiensis Daudin, 1801 in Mississippi, USA, novel molecular data for both nuclear ribosomal genes (18S, ITS1-5.8S, ITS2, and 28S) and mitochondrial genes (cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide dehydrogenase subunit 1) are provided for Odhneriotrema incommodum (Leidy, 1856), a trematode of the family Clinostomidae Lühe, 1901 infecting A. mississippiensis and the Florida spotted gar Lepisosteus platyrhincus DeKay, 1842...
November 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877399/cops-and-docs-the-challenges-for-ed-physicians-balancing-the-police-state-laws-and-emtala
#14
Kristin E Malcolm, James G Malcolm, Daniel T Wu, Kevin A Spainhour, Kevin P Race
State laws are awash with discord concerning whether a police officer's request or court order necessarily obligates physicians to perform a body fluid analysis of an arrested, conscious, nonconsenting suspect. Police typically bring arrestees directly to the emergency department (ED), and federal courts have begun to wrestle with the implications of the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA), which requires that anyone presenting to the ED be screened for treatment. Some state laws require health care providers to comply with any police request for lab analysis, while other states offer more leeway to physicians...
October 2017: Journal of Healthcare Risk Management: the Journal of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872383/weight-management-practices-of-australian-olympic-combat-sport-athletes
#15
Reid Reale, Gary Slater, Louise M Burke
PURPOSE: Combat sport athletes undertake chronic and rapid weight loss (RWL) practices to qualify for weight divisions lower than their training weight. Variation between sports in the prevalence, methods, and magnitude of weight loss as well as recovery practices may be influenced by factors including competition level and culture. Differences in methodologies of previous research in combat sports make direct comparisons difficult, thus this study aimed to examine weight loss practices among all Olympic combat sports in Australia, using standardised methodology...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865174/considerations-for-reporting-of-stillbirths-and-fetal-deaths
#16
Robert L Goldenberg, Elizabeth M McClure
In reporting stillbirths, issues such as lower gestational age limits, inclusion or exclusion of pregnancy terminations, as well as privacy concerns related to public vital statistics have been contentious issues for many years. In their commentary, Joseph et al wrestle with these and other issues in order to provoke a broader discussion on fetal mortality (Joseph et al; BJOG; in press This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
September 2, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852337/injuries-in-collegiate-wrestlers-at-an-elite-division-i-ncaa-wrestling-program-an-epidemiological-study
#17
Jesse E Otero, Christopher M Graves, Matthew J Bollier
BACKGROUND: Injury is common in the sport of wrestling. More than 6000 athletes compete in NCAA wrestling yearly. Despite this popularity, little is known about the epidemiology of wrestlers' injuries and factors affecting return to competition. We hypothesized that patterns of injury and associated factors influence return to participation. METHODS: Retrospective database review of one Division I NCAA wrestling program over nine seasons (2002 to 2011). RESULTS: From 2002 to 2011, 125 wrestlers were varsity participants at a single NCAA Division I program...
2017: Iowa Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836483/-it-can-promote-an-existential-crisis-factors-influencing-pap-test-acceptability-and-utilization-among-transmasculine-individuals
#18
Sarah M Peitzmeier, Madina Agénor, Ida M Bernstein, Michal McDowell, Natalie M Alizaga, Sari L Reisner, Dana J Pardee, Jennifer Potter
Transmasculine (i.e., female-to-male transgender) individuals have lower rates of cervical cancer screening than nontransgender women and often report negative experiences with the Pap test. Deciding to undergo screening and the test experience itself are characterized by the following processes: negotiating identity as the patient, provider, and insurance company wrestle with the degree of (in)congruence between a patient's masculine gender identity and their conception of the Pap test as feminine; bargaining for health as a Pap test may be required to obtain medical transition services or avoid undesired health outcomes; withstanding acute challenges during the Pap test to body, identity, and privacy; or reframing challenges as affirmation...
August 1, 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827381/promotion-of-healthy-weight-control-practices-in-young-athletes
#19
Rebecca L Carl, Miriam D Johnson, Thomas J Martin
Children and adolescents may participate in sports that favor a particular body type. Some sports, such as gymnastics, dance, and distance running, emphasize a slim or lean physique for aesthetic or performance reasons. Participants in weight-class sports, such as wrestling and martial arts, may attempt weight loss so they can compete at a lower weight class. Other sports, such as football and bodybuilding, highlight a muscular physique; young athletes engaged in these sports may desire to gain weight and muscle mass...
September 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818416/adolescent-sports-participation-e-cigarette-use-and-cigarette-smoking
#20
Phil Veliz, Sean Esteban McCabe, Vita V McCabe, Carol J Boyd
INTRODUCTION: Although sport participation among adolescents has been found to lower the risk of traditional cigarette smoking, no studies to date have assessed if this type of physical activity lowers the risk of e-cigarette use among adolescents. METHODS: National data from the 2014 and 2015 Monitoring the Future study of 12th-grade students were used and analyses were conducted in 2016. Measures for past 30-day e-cigarette use and traditional cigarette smoking were used to assess differences between adolescents who participated in at least one competitive sport during the past year and adolescents who did not...
November 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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