keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Leak intestinal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285412/symptoms-and-impacts-in-non-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-qualitative-study-findings
#1
Erin L Tomaszewski, Pierre Moise, Robert N Krupnick, Jared Downing, Margaret Meyer, Shevani Naidoo, Stefan Holmstrom
OBJECTIVES: We developed a conceptual model to define key concepts associated with patients' experiences with the signs, symptoms, and impacts of non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (M0-CRPC). METHODS: A targeted review of peer-reviewed literature, and other publicly available information, identified and categorized symptoms and impacts related to early-stage prostate cancer. Semi-structured interviews with five clinical experts helped determine the most relevant and important concepts for patients with M0-CRPC...
March 11, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281474/combined-laparoscopic-and-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-for-rectal-cancer-initial-experience-and-early-results
#2
Morten Holt Thomsen, Henrik Ovesen, Jens Ravn Eriksen
INTRODUCTION: Incomplete specimens resulting in residual mesorectum in the patient and an increased risk of local recurrence remains a problem. We have introduced transanal-total mesorectal excision (Ta-TME) in our department to potentially overcome this problem due to more direct access to the lower pelvis in patients undergoing TME for rectal cancer and this article presents our initial experience with the new procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with a T1-T3 mid or low rectal cancer eligible for TME or intersphincteric abdominoperineal excision were selected for a combined transanal and transabdominal laparoscopic resection...
April 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277591/the-role-of-fluorescent-angiography-in-anastomotic-leaks
#3
Sarath Sujatha-Bhaskar, Mehraneh D Jafari, Michael J Stamos
Anastomotic leaks following colorectal anastomosis has substantial implications including increased morbidity, longer hospitalization, and reduced overall survival. The etiology of leaks includes patient factors, technical factors, and anastomotic perfusion. An intact anastomotic blood supply is especially crucial in the physiology of anastomotic healing. To date, no established intraoperative methods have been developed that reliably and reproducibly identify and prevent leak occurrence. Recently, fluorescent angiography (FA) with indocyanine green (ICG) has emerged as an innovative modality for intraoperative perfusion assessment...
March 9, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269737/the-autodigestion-hypothesis-proteolytic-receptor-cleavage-in-rheological-and-cardiovascular-cell-dysfunction1
#4
Geert W Schmid-Schönbein
Transformation of circulating leukocytes from a dormant into an activated state with changing rheological properties leads to a major shift of their behavior in the microcirculation. Low levels of pseudopod formation or expression of adhesion molecules facilitate relatively free passage through microvessels while activated leukocytes with pseudopods and enhanced levels of adhesion membrane proteins become trapped in microvessels, attach to the endothelium and migrate into the tissue. The transformation of leukocytes into an activated state is seen in many diseases...
March 2, 2017: Biorheology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250903/endoscopic-closure-instead-of-surgery-to-close-an-ileal-pouch-fistula-with-the-over-the-scope-clip-system
#5
Yao Wei, Jian-Feng Gong, Wei-Ming Zhu
An ileal pouch fistula is an uncommon complication after an ileal pouch anal anastomosis. Most patients who suffer from an ileal pouch fistula will need surgical intervention. However, the surgery can be invasive and has a high risk compared to endoscopic treatment. The over-the-scope clip (OTSC) system was initially developed for hemostasis and leakage closure in the gastrointestinal tract during flexible endoscopy. There have been many successes in using this approach to apply perforations to the upper gastrointestinal tract...
February 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248040/-technical-features-of-intestinal-ureteroplasty-part-5-bilateral-ureteroplasty
#6
B K Komyakov, V A Ochelenko, T Kh Al-Attar, A Kh Gaziev
AIM: To present the results and the technical features of the various methods of bilateral ileal ureteroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2001 to 2016, 154 patients (mean age 52+/-9.2 years) underwent ileal and appendicular substitution of the ureter and urinary bladder. Study participants comprised 70 (45.4%) men and 84 (54.6%) women. All patients underwent comprehensive examination, including ultrasound, X-ray, radioisotope and endoscopic tests. Bilateral isolated ileal ureteroplasty was performed in 20 patients (40 substituted ureters) whereof in 14, 5 and 1 cases U-shaped, 7-shaped and two separate grafts were used, respectively...
December 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223285/butyrate-regulates-liver-mitochondrial-function-efficiency-and-dynamic-in-insulin-resistant-obese-mice
#7
Maria Pina Mollica, Giuseppina Mattace Raso, Gina Cavaliere, Giovanna Trinchese, Chiara De Filippo, Serena Aceto, Marina Prisco, Claudio Pirozzi, Francesca Di Guida, Adriano Lama, Marianna Crispino, Diana Tronino, Paola Di Vaio, Roberto Berni Canani, Antonio Calignano, Rosaria Meli
Fatty liver, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial dysfunction are key pathophysiological features of insulin resistance and obesity. Butyrate, produced by fermentation in the large intestine by gut microbiota, and its synthetic derivative, the N-(1-carbamoyl-2-phenyl-ethyl) butyramide, FBA, have been demonstrated to be protective against insulin resistance and fatty liver.Here, hepatic mitochondria were identified as the main target of the beneficial effect of both butyrate-based compounds in reverting insulin resistance and fat accumulation in diet induced obese mice...
February 21, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190552/use-of-balloon-dilatation-for-management-of-postoperative-intestinal-strictures-in-children-with-short-bowel-syndrome
#8
Christina Belza, Kevin Fitzgerald, Joao Amaral, Karen Steinberg, Yaron Avitzur, Paul W Wales
PURPOSE: Children with short bowel syndrome (SBS) often require numerous operations to optimize intestinal function. Postoperative intestinal strictures are a complication that inhibits enteral feeding advancement and prolongs parenteral nutrition dependency, often requiring reoperation. Our objective was to review our experience with fluoroscopic balloon dilatation to treat intestinal strictures. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of intestinal failure patients with SBS was completed...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176790/architectural-and-functional-alterations-of-the-small-intestinal-mucosa-in-classical-whipple-s-disease
#9
H-J Epple, J Friebel, V Moos, H Troeger, S M Krug, K Allers, K Schinnerling, A Fromm, B Siegmund, M Fromm, J D Schulzke, T Schneider
Classical Whipple's disease (CWD) affects the gastrointestinal tract and rather elicits regulatory than inflammatory immune reactions. Mechanisms of malabsorption, diarrhea, and systemic immune activation are unknown. We here analyzed mucosal architecture, barrier function, and immune activation as potential diarrheal trigger in specimens from 52 CWD patients. Our data demonstrate villus atrophy and crypt hyperplasia associated with epithelial apoptosis and reduced alkaline phosphatase expression in the duodenum of CWD patients...
February 8, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166091/oral-polyphosphate-suppresses-bacterial-collagenase-production-and-prevents-anastomotic-leak-due-to-serratia-marcescens-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#10
Sanjiv K Hyoju, Robin E Klabbers, Melissa Aaron, Monika A Krezalek, Alexander Zaborin, Mara Wiegerinck, Neil H Hyman, Olga Zaborina, Harry Van Goor, John C Alverdy
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of polyphosphate on intestinal bacterial collagenase production and anastomotic leak in mice undergoing colon surgery. BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that anastomotic leak can be caused by intestinal pathogens that produce collagenase. Because bacteria harbor sensory systems to detect the extracellular concentration of phosphate which controls their virulence, we tested whether local phosphate administration in the form of polyphosphate could attenuate pathogen virulence and prevent leak without affecting bacterial growth...
February 3, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153961/novel-insight-into-the-role-of-microbiota-in-colorectal-surgery
#11
REVIEW
Radu Bachmann, Daniel Leonard, Nathalie Delzenne, Alex Kartheuser, Patrice D Cani
Recent literature undeniably supports the idea that the microbiota has a strong influence on the healing process of an intestinal anastomosis. Understanding the mechanisms by which the bacterial community of the gut influences intestinal healing could open the door for new preventive and therapeutic approaches. Among the different mechanisms, data have shown that the production of specific reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the activation of specific formyl peptide receptors (FPRs) regulate intestinal wound healing...
April 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151501/-angioedema-and-the-role-of-bradykinins-new-treatments-and-implications-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#12
Marta Mansi, Maddalena Alessandra Wu, Andrea Zanichelli, Marco Cicardi
The definition of angioedema is an edema of subcutaneous and submucosal tissues due to increased vascular permeability and fluid extravasation. It can affect different areas, including extremities, genitals, upper airways and intestinal mucosa. The symptoms are disabling and this condition can be fatal if it involves the larynx. We can distinguish different forms of angioedema (hereditary and acquired) with different pathogenetic mechanisms, therefore responding to different treatments. Bradykinin-mediated angioedema (such as hereditary angioedema due to C1-inhibitor deficiency) does not respond to the standard therapy used for histamine-mediated angioedema...
December 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147352/pathogenesis-of-intestinal-fibrosis-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-perspectives-for-therapeutic-implication
#13
REVIEW
Dominik Bettenworth, Florian Rieder
BACKGROUND: Intestinal fibrosis with stricture formation is a common feature of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and leads to a significantly impaired quality of life in affected patients, intestinal obstruction as well as to the need for surgical intervention. This constitutes a major treatment challenge. Key Messages: Fibrosis results from the response of gut tissue to the insult inflicted by chronic inflammation. Similarly to what occurs in other organs, the underlying fibrogenic mechanisms are complex and dynamic, involving multiple cell types, interrelated cellular events, and a large number of soluble factors...
2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111222/intentional-omission-of-ureteral-stents-during-robotic-assisted-intracorporeal-uretero-enteric-anastomosis-is-it-safe-and-feasible
#14
Wei Phin Tan, Patrick Whelan, Leslie Deane
OBJECTIVE: To describe the surgical technique we use to perform a stentless intracorporeal uretero-enteric anastomosis and to determine the outcomes in this initial series. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of a prospective database of all patients undergoing robotic assisted intracorporeal urinary diversion with stentless uretero-enteric anastomosis between March 2014 and July 2016. Diversions were performed either at the time of robotic assisted laparoscopic cystectomy for bladder cancer or urinary diversion for other indications...
January 19, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089636/influence-of-perioperative-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-on-complications-after-gastrointestinal-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Fang Peng, Shijiang Liu, Youli Hu, Min Yu, Jing Chen, Cunming Liu
BACKGROUND: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a key part of multimodal perioperative analgesia. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of perioperative NSAIDs application on complications after gastrointestinal surgery by using meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic review of published literature was conducted by searching computerized databases including PubMed, CBM, Springer, Chinese Academic Journals, and China Info since the databases were published until June 2015...
December 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Taiwanica: Official Journal of the Taiwan Society of Anesthesiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080215/laparoscopy-assisted-duhamel-z-anastomosis-for-total-colonic-aganglionosis-outcome-assessed-by-fecal-continence-evaluation
#16
Go Miyano, Hiroki Nakamura, Shogo Seo, Ryo Sueyoshi, Manabu Okawada, Takashi Doi, Hiroyuki Koga, Geoffrey J Lane, Tadaharu Okazaki, Atsuyuki Yamataka
BACKGROUND: A Z-shaped colorectal side-to-side anastomosis was introduced to improve the Duhamel procedure by eliminating the rectal blind pouch. We retrospectively reviewed all total colonic aganglionosis patients treated by laparoscopy-assisted Duhamel-Z (LapDZ) between 2009 and 2014 focusing on annual fecal continence evaluation scores (CES) as an indicator of outcome. METHODS: LapDZ was performed conventionally. Postoperatively, defecation was regulated with medications and enemas according to our standard protocol...
March 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000657/combined-laparoscopic-and-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision-for-rectal-cancer-initial-experience-and-early-results
#17
Morten Holt Thomsen, Henrik Ovesen, Jens Ravn Eriksen
INTRODUCTION: Incomplete specimens resulting in residual mesorectum in the patient and an increased risk of local recurrence remains a problem. We have introduced transanal-total mesorectal excision (Ta-TME) in our department to potentially overcome this problem due to more direct access to the lower pelvis in patients undergoing TME for rectal cancer and this article presents our initial experience with the new procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with a T1-T3 mid or low rectal cancer eligible for TME or intersphincteric abdominoperineal excision were selected for a combined transanal and transabdominal laparoscopic resection...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993324/nontraumatic-chylothorax-diagnostic-algorithm-and-treatment-options
#18
REVIEW
Gregory Nadolski
Nontraumatic chylothorax is a relatively rare condition in which the intestinal lymph (chyle) leaks into the pleural cavity. Nontraumatic chylothorax is more difficult to treat than the more common traumatic chylothorax because the site of chylous leak may occur in less predictable locations. In the past, patients with nontraumatic chylothoraces were offered traditional fluoroscopically guided lymphangiography and thoracic duct embolization similar to traumatic chylothorax. However, the observation that thoracic duct embolization outcomes for nontraumatic chylothorax differed based on the imaging findings during lymphangiography has led to the development of a treatment algorithm, which incorporates noninvasive diagnostic studies, such as magnetic resonance lymphangiography...
December 2016: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966452/toxicity-assessment-of-hydrogen-peroxide-on-toll-like-receptor-system-apoptosis-and-mitochondrial-respiration-in-piglets-and-ipec-j2-cells
#19
Jie Yin, Miaomiao Wu, Yuying Li, Wenkai Ren, Hao Xiao, Shuai Chen, Chunyong Li, Bie Tan, Hengjia Ni, Xia Xiong, Yuzhe Zhang, Xingguo Huang, Rejun Fang, Tiejun Li, Yulong Yin
In this study, expressions of toll-like receptors (TLRs) and apoptosis-related genes in piglets and mitochondrial respiration in intestinal porcine epithelial cells were investigated after hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) exposure. The in vivo results showed that H2O2 influenced intestinal expressions of TLRs and apoptosis related genes. H2O2 treatment (5% and 10%) downregulated uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) expression in the duodenum (P < 0.05), while low dosage of H2O2 significantly increased UCP2 expression in the jejunum (P < 0...
January 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931200/amoebic-liver-abscess-an-unusual-cause-for-a-right-iliac-fossa-mass-a-case-report
#20
Vithiya Ratnasamy, Kumanan Thirunavukarasu, Kannathasan Selvam, Murugananthan Arumugam
BACKGROUND: Amoebic liver abscess is the most common extra intestinal manifestation of amoebiasis in tropical countries. It usually presents with right hypochondrial pain, fever and anorexia. Amoebic liver abscess has gained clinical significance due to the wide variety of clinical presentations which can cause diagnostic dilemmas and high mortality in untreated cases. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 63-year-old male with a history of anorexia for 3 weeks, fever for 4 days and examination findings of tender hepatomegaly with a liver span of 15 cm in the mid clavicular line and a firm irregular mass in the right iliac fossa...
December 8, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
120276
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"