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uterine septum

R Malik, S Rizwan, B Rizk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Antonio Simone Laganà, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Maria Antonietta Trovato, Vittorio Italo Palmara, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Roberta Granese, Emanuele Sturlese, Rosanna De Dominici, Stefano Alecci, Francesco Padula, Benito Chiofalo, Roberta Grasso, Pietro Cignini, Paolo D'Amico, Onofrio Triolo
Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial mucosa (glands and stroma) abnormally implanted in locations other than the uterine cavity. Deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) is considered the most aggressive presentation of the disease, penetrating more than 5 mm in affected tissues, and it is reported in approximately 20% of all women with endometriosis. DIE can cause a complete distortion of the pelvic anatomy and it mainly involves uterosacral ligaments, bladder, rectovaginal septum, rectum, and rectosigmoid colon...
2016: BioMed Research International
Giuseppe Piccinni, Giuseppe Massimiliano De Luca, Stefano Lafranceschina, Antonio Biondi, Andrea Marzullo, Angela Gurrado, Mario Testini
Endometriosis occurs in 5%-10% of fertile women, usually in the pelvic region, such as the ovaries, uterine ligaments, pelvic peritoneum, and rectovaginal septum. A mesenteric endometriotic cyst is an exceptional observation and difficult to diagnose preoperatively. We report a case of a large mesenteric endometriotic cyst treated by laparoscopy. A 21-year-old Caucasian woman was admitted as an emergency to our Academic Hospital on the 30th day postpartum for abdominal pain and a palpable epigastric mass. A CT scan revealed a mass measuring 7...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Harneet Gujral, Jennifer A Bennett, Kelly N Wright
BACKGROUND: In a uterine didelphys with two cervices, cervical screening may not reveal the same abnormalities. CASE: We present a patient with a uterine didelphys with two cervices in a single vagina after resection of a longitudinal vaginal septum at age 12. She presented with abnormal Pap test results with the right and left cervices discordant from each other. Despite both cervices sharing stroma in the midline, her right cervix was negative for human papillomavirus (HPV) and dysplasia, while her left cervix was HPV positive with high-grade cervical dysplasia on an excisional specimen...
September 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Onder Celik, Mustafa Acet, Tansu Kucuk, Esra Tustas Haberal, Tuba Acet, Murat Bozkurt, Levent Sahin, Fatma Ferda Verit, Eray Caliskan
Regardless of the anatomical locations, some benign gynecological disorders (BGDs) such as peritoneal endometriosis, ovarian endometrioma, adenomyosis, uterine leiomyomas, endometrial polyps, uterine septum, and hydrosalpinges may lead to implantation failure. Despite progress in medical therapies, surgery remains a mainstay of BGDs treatment. Although our knowledge of endometrial receptivity after BGDs surgery is limited, it has allowed for significant improvement in the treatment of female subfertility. Many researchers studied on pregnancy outcome following BGDs surgery, but they did not investigate the possible impact of surgery on endometrial receptivity...
July 8, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
Sushil Kumar, R T Awasthi, Neelangi Gokhale
The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of hystero-salpingography (HSG) in detecting uterine cavity abnormalities in infertile patients, with reference to hysteroscopy as the gold standard method. 60 infertile women were investigated with both HSG and hysteroscopy. Statistical analysis was performed. As a test for the detection of uterine cavity abnormalities, HSG in comparison with hysteroscopy had 60% sensitivity, 90% specificity, 10% false positive value and 40% false negative value...
January 2004: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
Mariam Moshiri, Adeel Rahim Seyal, Irene Cruite, Puneet Bhargava
Uterine didelphys with obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis is a rare congenital anomaly of the Müllerian duct system referred to as Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome. Because of its rare occurrence, a high level of suspicion is often required for diagnosis. Clinically, these patients usually present after menarche with pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, and a palpable pelvic mass. We present a case of a 31-year-old female patient with infertility. Imaging findings were consistent with Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome, with a congenital defect in the longitudinal vaginal septum resulting in partial spontaneous decompression of right-sided hematocolpos...
2012: Radiology case reports
Gisselle Perez-Milicua, Julie Hakim, Oluyemisi Adeyemi, Jennifer E Dietrich
BACKGROUND: A longitudinal vaginal septum might present as a nonobstructive or obstructive type. Both can result in dyspareunia, difficult tampon insertion, persistent vaginal bleeding despite tampon placement, and dysmenorrhea. Surgical correction is warranted for symptomatic cases. CASE: We present a 16-year-old female adolescent with a complex cloacal anomaly, uterine didelphys, longitudinal vaginal septum, and other congenital anomalies. The patient was unable to use tampons during menses because of the small caliber on both vaginal canals...
June 16, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Brijesh Mishra, Gaurav Janavar, Yashodhara Pradeep, Arun K Singh, Vijay Kumar, Divya N Upadhyay
Absence of vagina poses multitude of physical and psychosocial problems in woman's life. 10% of Mayer- Rokitansky-üster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome patients with high vaginal septum and vaginal atreisa has additional issue of draining uterine cavity. MC Indoe vaginoplasty is universally acceptable and widely practiced procedure for neocolposis reconstruction. Simultaneous reconstruction of vagina with simultaneous continued uterine drainage presents surgical challenge. We offer a simple solution of creating a vaginal mould using a 10 ml disposable syringe, which enables graft application of neovaginal cavity with simultaneous protected uterine drainage per vaginum...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
(no author information available yet)
The purpose of this guideline is to review the literature regarding septate uterus and determine optimal indications and methods of treatment for it. Septate uterus has been associated with an increase in the risk of miscarriage, premature delivery, and malpresentation; however, there is insufficient evidence that a uterine septum is associated with infertility. Several studies indicate that treating a uterine septum is associated with an improvement in live-birth rates in women with a history of prior pregnancy loss, recurrent pregnancy loss, or infertility...
September 1, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
G Vandenberghe, M De Blaere, V Van Leeuw, K Roelens, Y Englert, M Hanssens, H Verstraelen
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the prevalence of uterine rupture in Belgium and to evaluate risk factors, management and outcomes for mother and child. DESIGN: Nationwide population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING: Emergency obstetric care. Participation of 97% of maternity units covering 98.6% of the deliveries in Belgium. PARTICIPANTS: All women with uterine rupture in Belgium between January 2012 and December 2013...
2016: BMJ Open
Xiao Yu, Liu Yuhan, Song Dongmei, Xia Enlan, Li Tinchiu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy of postoperative estrogen therapy, intrauterine device (IUD) and intrauterine balloon in preventing intrauterine adhesions after transcervical resection of septum (TCRS). STUDY DESIGN: 238 patients who underwent TCRS in our hospital from March 2012 to December 2013 were allocated into one of four groups. In Group 1 (50 patients), women received postoperative estrogen therapy. In Group 2 (59 patients), an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) was placed into the uterine cavity at the end of the operation...
June 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
C Huchon, X Deffieux, G Beucher, P Capmas, X Carcopino, N Costedoat-Chalumeau, A Delabaere, V Gallot, E Iraola, V Lavoue, G Legendre, V Lejeune-Saada, J Leveque, S Nedellec, J Nizard, T Quibel, D Subtil, F Vialard, D Lemery
In intrauterine pregnancies of uncertain viability with a gestational sac without a yolk sac (with a mean of three orthogonal transvaginal ultrasound measurements <25mm), the suspected pregnancy loss should only be confirmed after a follow-up scan at least 14 days later shows no embryo with cardiac activity (Grade C). In intrauterine pregnancies of uncertain viability with an embryo <7mm on transvaginal ultrasound, the suspected pregnancy loss should only be confirmed after a follow-up scan at least 7 days later (Grade C)...
June 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Kyle J Tobler, Sarah Oman, Lisa A Kolp
BACKGROUND: Hysteroscopic resection of retained products of conception has not been previously described to increase the risk for volume overload at the time of hysteroscopy. CASE: A 35-year-old woman with a history of recurrent pregnancy loss was evaluated by a hysterosalpingogram that identified retained products of conception with adjacent contrast intravasation. She underwent a hysteroscopic resection of the uterine septum and products of conception. During the 15 minute operating time she developed a fluid deficit of 2,300 cc of 3% sorbitol with resulting hyponatremia despite normal pressure and flow settings on the fluid management equipment...
January 2016: Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Fei Zhao, Jun Zhou, Rong Li, Elizabeth A Dudley, Xiaoqin Ye
Congenital reproductive tract anomalies could impair fertility. Female and male reproductive tracts are developed from Müllerian ducts and Wolffian ducts, respectively, involving initiation, elongation and differentiation. Genetic basis solely for distal reproductive tract development is largely unknown. Lhfpl2 (lipoma HMGIC fusion partner-like 2) encodes a tetra-transmembrane protein with unknown functions. It is expressed in follicle cells of ovary and epithelial cells of reproductive tracts. A spontaneous point mutation of Lhfpl2 (LHFPL2(G102E)) leads to infertility in 100% female mice, which have normal ovarian development, ovulation, uterine development, and uterine response to exogenous estrogen stimulation, but abnormal upper longitudinal vaginal septum and lower vaginal agenesis...
2016: Scientific Reports
N Krawczyk, M Banys-Paluchowski, D Schmidt, U Ulrich, T Fehm
Endometriosis is a common condition in women of reproductive age. According to several epidemiological studies endometriosis may be associated with increased risk of various malignancies. However, endometriosis-associated malignancy (EAM) is defined by certain histological criteria. About 80 % of EAM have been found in the ovary, whereas 20 % are localized in extragonadal sites like intestine, rectovaginal septum, abdominal wall, pleura and others. Some authors suggest that EAM arise from atypical endometriosis as an intermediate lesion between endometriosis and cancer...
February 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
Ourania Koukoura, Stavros Sifakis, Demetrios A Spandidos
Endometriosis is defined by the presence and growth of functional endometrial tissue, outside the uterine cavity, primarily in the ovaries, pelvic peritoneum and rectovaginal septum. Although it is a benign disease, it presents with malignant characteristics, such as invasion to surrounding tissues, metastasis to distant locations and recurrence following treatment. Accumulating evidence suggests that various epigenetic aberrations may play an essential role in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. Aberrant DNA methylation represents a possible mechanism repsonsible for this disease, linking gene expression alterations observed in endometriosis with hormonal and environmental factors...
April 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Rachel LaMonica, Judith Pinto, Danielle Luciano, Anya Lyapis, Anthony Luciano
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of a uterine septum in women with and without endometriosis and if such incidence correlates with the stage of endometriosis Although a correlation between obstructive Mullerian anomalies and endometriosis has been well established, its link with non-obstructive anomalies remains controversial. To elucidate whether there is a correlation between endometriosis and non-obstructive Mullerian anomalies, we conducted this prospective study on all patients admitted to our Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility surgical service from February 1, 2010 through June 30, 2012...
May 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Mete Güngör, Selim Afşar, Esra Özbaşlı, Canan Erdem Genim
Complete uterovaginal septum is unusually associated with an obstructed left hemivagina and hemiuteri. Herein we present a case report of "hybrid septate variant" anomaly diagnosed in a 16-year-old girl. The uterine septum could not be completely removed hysteroscopically because of the obstructed vagina and thick uterine septum; therefore an abdominal approach, robotic metroplastic surgery was performed. We propose that the robotic technology has advantages over the classical laparoscopy related with the surgical correction of Müllerian anomaly...
September 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Jennifer L Kulp, Ramanaiah Mamillapalli, Hugh S Taylor
HomeoboxA10 (HOXA10) is a transcription factor that is crucial for the development and patterning of the uterus during embryogenesis. In the adult endometrium, HOXA10 expression is regulated by steroid hormones and embryonic signals. Expression of sufficient HOXA10 messenger RNA is essential to endometrial receptivity and embryo implantation. Aberrant methylation is believed to alter the expression of HOXA10. Methylation of this gene may be associated with decreased fertility, implantation defects, and/or reproductive wastage seen in certain disease states that affect the female reproductive tract...
April 2016: Reproductive Sciences
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