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uterine septum

Paloma Del C Monroig-Bosque, Ekene I Okoye
Mullerian duct anomalies (MDAs) are congenital defects of the female genital system that arise from abnormal embryological development of the Mullerian ducts. Septate uterus is the most common, resulting from incomplete resorption of the medial septum after fusion of the Mullerian ducts. Two main types of septate uterus exist, including septa that extend completely or partially from the uterine fundus to the cervical os. The combination of a uterine septum with a double cervix has been previously described; however, in most cases the septum was complete...
January 2018: Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science
Şahin Zeteroğlu, Melisa Aslan, Bertan Akar, Rukiye Ada Bender, Alper Başbuğ, Eray Çalışkan
Uterine rupture during pregnancy is associated with high mortality and morbidity rates in both the fetus and the mother. Hysteroscopic surgeries such as myomectomy and septum resection are known risk factors for uterine rupture in pregnancy following the operation. We present four infertile patients who were admitted to Kocaeli Medical Park Hospital between February 2014 and November 2016. Three of the patients underwent hysteroscopic septum resection without complication and one had hysteroscopic myomectomy and a 7-8 mm sized rupture was detected...
December 2017: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Shuichi Ono, Mirei Yonezawa, Kenichiro Watanabe, Takashi Abe, Katsuya Mine, Yoshimitsu Kuwabara, Shigeo Akira, Toshiyuki Takeshita
Purpose: A hysteroscopic metroplasty was performed for women with recurrent pregnancy loss owing to a uterine septum, following which some women became infertile. The aim of this study was to elucidate the risk factors of secondary infertility 1 year after hysteroscopic metroplasty for a uterine septum. Methods: A retrospective, single-center, cohort study included women with a history of at least two miscarriages that had been attributed to a uterine septum who underwent a hysteroscopic metroplasty...
January 2018: Reproductive Medicine and Biology
Akimasa Takahashi, Hiroyuki Kanao, Nobuhiro Takeshima
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe a two-step fertility preservation technique for early-stage cervical cancer of a patient with a complete septate uterus. DESIGN: A step-by-step demonstration and explanation of the technique in a surgical video (Canadian Task Force Classification III). SETTING: Center for cancer, a tertiary referral center. The patient provided informed consent to use images and videos of the procedure. Institutional Review Board approval was not required for this kind of procedure...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Emilie Faller, Jean Jacques Baldauf, François Becmeur, Anne Lehn, Cherif Youssef Akladios, Lise Lecointre
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a technique of laparoscopic management of a rudimentary horn in a 12-year-old girl. DESIGN: A step-by-step explanation of the surgery using video (instructive video), approved the local institutional Review Board. SETTING: A university hospital, University Hospital of Strasbourg, France. PATIENT: A 12-year-old girl with a uterine rudimentary horn. INTERVENTION: We describe the case of a 12 years old girl who had no medical history...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Jonathan Cohen, Emmanuelle Mathieu d'Argent, Lise Selleret, Jean-Marie Antoine, Nathalie Chabbert-Buffet, Sofiane Bendifallah, Marcos Ballester, Emile Darai
Deep infiltrating endometriosis is the most severe form of the disease, defined by infiltration beneath the peritoneum greater than 5mm. It affects several anatomical locations including the bladder, the vesico-uterine cul-de-sac, the torus uterinum, the uterosacral ligament, rectovaginal septum and the colon-rectum. Deep infiltrating endometriosis is associated with infertility. Surgery performed for deep infiltrating endometriosis in the context of pain offers good pregnancy rates either spontaneously or after assisted reproductive technologies...
December 2017: La Presse Médicale
M Prior, A Richardson, S Asif, L Polanski, M Parris-Larkin, J Chandler, L Fogg, P Jassal, J G Thornton, N J Raine-Fenning
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of congenital uterine anomalies, including arcuate uterus, and their effect on reproductive outcome in subfertile women undergoing assisted reproduction. METHODS: Consecutive women referred for subfertility between May 2009 and November 2015 who underwent assisted reproduction were included in the study. As part of the initial assessment, each woman underwent three-dimensional transvaginal sonography. Uterine morphology was classified using the modified American Fertility Society (AFS) classification of congenital uterine anomalies proposed by Salim et al...
January 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Eram Ali, Tamkin Khan, Deeba Khanam
Congenital uterine anomaly has been well established as cause of infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss. However, only few studies have reported the association of mullerian anomalies and adverse pregnancy outcome in third trimester. We are hereby reporting a case of 25-year- old female second gravida who presented at 36 weeks six days pregnancy with complaint of decreased foetal movements for the past two weeks. The female had previous history of multiple admissions on account of decreased foetal movements in the third trimester...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Betül Yakıştıran, Yavuz Emre Şükür, Batuhan Turgay, Cem Atabekoğlu
Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome is an unusual congenital anomaly of the female genitourinary system, which is described as uterine didelphys with Obstructed Hemi-vagina and Ipsilateral Renal Anomaly (OHIRA), also known as OHVIRA syndrome. Typical symptoms are pelvic pain, tenderness, pelvic mass due to blood collection in the obstructed hemi-vagina and uterus, and dysmenorrhea that usually begins shortly after menarche. Clinical suspicion is very important for diagnosis and correct management avoids both short- and long-term complications...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Huseyin Kiyak, Tolga Karacan, Lale Susan Wetherilt, Kerem Doga Seckin, Eser Sefik Ozyurek
Study Objective To demonstrate that laparoscopic excision of the endometrial tissue of a blind endometrial cavity in a patient with a Robert's uterus who did not consent to hysteroscopic surgery due to her virgin state and religious beliefs was an effective alternative treatment option for progressive dismenorrhea and pelvic pain. Design To describe a rare müllerian anomaly and the step by step laparoscopic excision technique of the endometrium of a blind uterine cavity. Setting Robert's uterus is a rare müllerian anomaly characterized by the presence of a blind endometrial cavity and an asymmetric septum...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Rossana Orabona, Edoardo Sciatti, Enrico Vizzardi, Ivano Bonadei, Federico Prefumo, Adriana Valcamonico, Marco Metra, Tiziana Frusca
OBJECTIVES: Myocardial fibrosis is linked with adverse clinical outcomes in adults. The objective was to investigate the presence of myocardial and/or aortic fibrosis in asymptomatic women with a history of early-onset (EO) or late-onset (LO) pre-eclampsia (PE) by echocardiographic calibrated integrated backscatter (cIBS). METHODS: 30 women who experienced pregnancies complicated by EOPE, 30 with a previous LOPE and 30 controls were retrospectively selected from our electronic database and then recalled from 6 months to 4 years after delivery...
August 7, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Aaron Budden, Jason Abbott
Uterine septa are a class of müllerian duct anomaly that, similar to other classes, are associated with poor reproductive outcomes; however, they are unique because these poor outcomes, particularly recurrent pregnancy loss, may be responsive to surgical correction. The current evidence regarding septoplasty is difficult to interpret because the definitions of a uterine septum, methods to diagnose it, and hysteroscopic techniques used for treatment are variable and generally of poor to moderate quality. Robust data on outcomes, particularly live births, after septoplasty are not available at this time...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Ameya Padmawar, Rizwana Syed, Suyash Naval
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate possibility of an innovative surgery for management of cervical agenesis. DESIGN: Step wise description of laparoscopic uterovaginal anastomosis. SETTING: Isolated cervical agenesis occurs in 1 in 80000 to 100000 births. According to the American Fertility Society, cervical agenesis should be classified as a type Ib müllerian anomaly. According to ESHRE/ESGE classification, it is classified in class C4 category...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Hisham Haggag, AbdelGany Hassan, Amr Wahba, Ralf Joukhadar
OBJECTIVE: To identify the optimal filling pressure during operative outpatient hysteroscopy that allows completion of the procedure while minimizing pain. METHODS: A double-blind randomized controlled trial of women aged 20-60 years undergoing operative hysteroscopy (including biopsy sampling, polypectomy, septum excision, adhesiolysis, or intrauterine device removal) was undertaken at a university hospital in Egypt between May 2014 and July 2016. Using a computer-generated randomization sequence, patients were randomly assigned into three equal groups: filling pressures of 40 mm Hg (group 1), 60 mm Hg (group 2), and 80 mm Hg (group 3; control)...
October 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
C Bourgioti, O Preza, E Panourgias, K Chatoupis, A Antoniou, M E Nikolaidou, L A Moulopoulos
Endometriosis is a common gynecological disorder defined by the presence of endometrial tissue outside the uterus. It is the most common cause of chronic pelvic pain and typically affects the ovaries, uterine ligaments, peritoneum, tubes, rectovaginal septum and bladder. It may, however, be found at various extrapelvic sites, including the perineum, liver, pancreas, lung or even the central nervous system, and in such cases, diagnosis may be quite challenging. Even though definitive diagnosis requires laparoscopy, preoperative identification of endometriosis is important not only to differentiate it from other diseases with similar clinical presentations but also, for accurate presurgical mapping, since complete removal of all endometriotic foci is critical for the effective treatment of the patient's symptoms...
November 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
Alper Biler, Ali Akdemir, Nuri Peker, Fatih Sendag
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a step by step surgical hysteroscopy technique in a patient with asymmetric uterine septum and transverse uterine septum that was not previously described in the literature. DESIGN: Resection of an asymmetric uterine septum by laparoscopy and ultrasound-guided hysteroscopy (Canadian Task Force classification III). The video was assumed exempt from official review by our institutional review board. SETTING: A septate uterus is defined as the uterus in which the uterine cavity is longitudinally divided by the septum [1]...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Eman Aly Abd El Fattah
Endometriosis is strongly associated with infertility. Endometrial polyps are prevalent in infertile women and they have similar pathological characteristics to endometriosis, suggesting a possible association. Uterine malformations as uterine septum and hypoplastic uterus are also linked to endometriosis. Hysterosalpingogram and transvaginal ultrasonography are used to diagnose endometrial lesions. Hysteroscopy can detect small lesions that might be missed. Recently, 4D ultrasonography is being used, but which is superior has not been established yet...
2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
Masahiro Kitami
Plicae palmatae are uterine cervical folds that can be misdiagnosed as a uterine septum on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Previous studies in the literature generally tend to include only adults and are limited to MRI findings. Here, we present the case of a 6-day-old girl with a tumorous lesion in her uterine isthmus on sonography. Although we considered uterine tumor as a differential diagnosis, the smooth surface and continuity with a cervical fold on the caudal side suggested that the lesion was, in fact, the tip of plicae palmatae...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
Xiaomin Xu, Xiangwei Fei, Junyan Ma, Yang Qu, Caiyun Zhou, Kaihong Xu, Jun Lin
PURPOSE: To investigate the expression patterns of N-acetyl galactosamine transferases (GalNAc-Ts)-3 and GalNAc-T6 in clinicopathologically characterized endometriosis (EMS), and to explore their clinical significance. METHODS: Ectopic and eutopic endometrial tissue samples were obtained and confirmed with CD-10 immunohistochemistry in patients with EMS (n = 12), whereas normal control endometrium was obtained from patients with uterine septum (n = 12). The mRNA and protein levels of GalNAc-T3 and GalNAc-T6 were detected in these samples using quantitative real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry, and western blotting...
June 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
H Zhang, H Qu, G Ning, B Cheng, F Jia, X Li, X Chen
AIM: To outline the anatomical variations of obstructive reproductive tract anomalies (ORTA) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and its role in preoperative evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MRI and treatment of 21 paediatric patients with ORTA were reviewed and analysed. MRI findings were correlated with ultrasound and surgical findings. RESULTS: Patients presented in two distinct ways: primary amenorrhoea with cyclic pelvic pain, or progressive dysmenorrhoea...
July 2017: Clinical Radiology
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