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Pei Ma, Haitao Wang, Lu Han, Wei Jing, Xin Zhou, Zhisu Liu
Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) as a novel molecular species may have significant and comprehensive influences on the development and progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We recently characterized snoRNA transcriptome signatures in HCC tissues by small RNA sequencing and found that small nucleolar RNA 78 (SNORD78) was associated with HCC. However, little is known about the pathological role of SNORD78 in HCC patients. This study aimed to profile SNORD78 expression signature and then to explore the pathogenesis of SNORD78 in HCC...
October 21, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Xiaoyun Dai, Kwang Seok Ahn, Ling Zhi Wang, Chulwon Kim, Amudha Deivasigamni, Frank Arfuso, Jae-Young Um, Alan Prem Kumar, Young-Chae Chang, Dhiraj Kumar, Gopal C Kundu, Junji Magae, Boon Cher Goh, Kam Man Hui, Gautam Sethi
Increasing evidence(s) have indicated that epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) at the advanced stage of liver cancer, not only has the ability to self-renew and progress cancer, but also enables greater resistance to conventional chemo- and radio-therapies. Here, we report that ascochlorin (ASC), an isoprenoid antibiotic could potentiate the cytotoxic effect of doxorubicin (DOX) on HCCLM3, SNU387, SNU49, and SK-Hep-1 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, which had a predominantly mesenchymal signature with low expression of E-cadherin but high expression of N-cadherin...
October 7, 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Yunzhen Gao, Gaoxiong Wang, Cuilin Zhang, Minjie Lin, Xiaolong Liu, Yongyi Zeng, Jingfeng Liu
Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) have played very important roles in the malignancy behaviors of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Linc-cdh4-2 (TCONS_00027978) is a novel LncRNA that has been identified in HCC tissues from our previous study. Overexpression of linc-cdh4-2 in HCC cell lines (SK-Hep-1 and Huh7) significantly decreases the migration and invasion abilities of these cells, while knockdown the expression of linc-cdh4-2 significantly increases the migration and invasion abilities. Interestingly, neither the over expression nor the knock down of linc-cdh4-2 could affect the viability and proliferation of HCC cells...
October 17, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Le Thi Vien, Bui Thi Ngoan, Tran Thi Hong Hanh, Le Ba Vinh, Do Cong Thung, Do Thi Thao, Nguyen Van Thanh, Nguyen Xuan Cuong, Nguyen Hoai Nam, Phan Van Kiem, Chau Van Minh
Using combined chromatographic separations, two new steroid glycosides namely pentacerosides A (1) and B (2), and four known compounds were isolated from the methanol extract of the starfish Pentaceraster gracilis. Their structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data ((1)H and (13)C NMR, HSQC, HMBC, (1)H-(1)H COSY, ROESY, and FT-ICR-MS) and by comparing obtained results to the literature values. Among the isolated compounds, only maculatoside (5) showed significant cytotoxic effect against Hep-G2 (IC50 = 16...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Meng-Hsien Chuang, Jinghua Tsai Chang, Li-Jin Hsu, Ming-Shiou Jan, Fung-Jou Lu
JC-001 is a Chinese medicine that has been used to treat liver disease; however, its significance in cancer treatment has not been characterized. In this study, we used an immunocompetent tumor model to characterize the antitumor activity of JC-001. A total of 48 Hepa 1-6 tumor-bearing C57BL/6 mice were randomly grouped into 4 groups and treated with H2O or JC-001 via oral administration. After hepatoma cell lines, including HepG2, Hep3B, SK-Hep-1, and Hepa 1-6, underwent 96 hours of JC-001 treatment, a low cytotoxic effect was observed...
October 3, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Jinqian Yu, Yunxia Xian, Gang Li, Daijie Wang, Honglei Zhou, Xiao Wang
One new flavanocoumarin (1), as well as six known flavonoids (2-7), was isolated from the ethyl acetate extract of the thorns of Gleditsia sinensis. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic measurements and comparison with data reported in literatures. Cytotoxic activities of compounds 1-6 were evaluated against human liver cancer SK-hep-1 cells in vitro by the MTT method, with compound 1 displaying moderate activity (IC50 of 62.53 μM). Furthermore, compound 1 could increase the number of apoptosis cells in a concentration-dependent manner...
October 3, 2016: Natural Product Research
Jose J G Marin, Elisa Lozano, Maria J Perez
Alterations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and autophagy activation are common events in tumors. Here we have investigated the effect of mitochondrial genome depletion on chemical hypoxia-induced autophagy in liver tumor cells. Human SK-Hep-1 wild-type and mtDNA-depleted (Rho) cells were exposed to the hypoxia mimetic agents CoCl2 and deferoxamine (DFO). Up-regulation of HIF-1α, but not HIF-2α was observed. The expression of several HIF-1α target genes was also found. In human SK-Hep-1 and mouse Hepa 1-6 liver tumor cells, but not in the counterpart Rho derived lines, chemical hypoxia increased the abundance of autophagosomes and autolysosomes...
September 26, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Chuck C K Chao
Hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) plays an important role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In addition, hepatoma upregulated protein (HURP) is a cellular oncogene that is upregulated in a majority of HCC cases. We highlight here recent findings demonstrating a link between HBx, HURP and anti-apoptosis effects observed in cisplatin-treated HCC cells. We observed that Hep3B cells overexpressing HBx display increased HURP mRNA and protein levels, and show resistance to cisplatin-induced apoptosis...
September 8, 2016: World Journal of Hepatology
Yuexia Xie, Dejun Liu, Chenlei Cai, Xiaojing Chen, Yan Zhou, Liangliang Wu, Yongwei Sun, Huili Dai, Xianming Kong, Peifeng Liu
The application of Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) has made great progress in the diagnosis of disease and in the drug delivery system for cancer therapy, but the relative mechanisms of potential toxicity induced by Fe3O4 have not kept pace with its development in the application, which has hampered its further clinical application. In this article, we used two kinds of human hepatoma cell lines, SK-Hep-1 and Hep3B, to investigate the cytotoxic effects and the involved mechanisms of small Fe3O4 NPs with different diameters (6 nm, 9 nm, and 14 nm)...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Xuan Liu, Miao Liu, Li-Xing Feng, Peng Sun, Wang Liu, Tian Mi, Min Lei, Wanying Wu, Baohong Jiang, Min Yang, Lihong Hu, De-An Guo
This study compared the sensitivity of human hepatoma Hep3B, SK-HEP-1, SMMC-7721 and BEL-7402 cells to cardiac steroids including bufalin (BF), a bufalin derivative (BF211), ouabain (OUA) and digitoxin (DIG). Hep3B cells exhibited relatively low sensitivity to cardiac steroids. Expression levels of subunits of Na+/K+-ATPase were high in Hep3B cells. However, co-localization of Na+/K+-ATPase and caveolin was nearly undetectable in Hep3B cells. By using RNA-Seq technology, we found a total of 36 genes to be differentially expressed between Hep3B cells and SK-HEP-1 cells, which are highly sensitive to cardiac steroids...
August 9, 2016: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Hajjaj H M Abdu-Allah, Shih-Ting Huang, Tzu Ting Chang, Chia-Ling Chen, Han-Chung Wu, Wen-Shan Li
Building on the initial successful optimization of a novel series of tetraindoles, a second generation of the compounds with changes in the core phenyl ring was synthesized to improve anticancer properties. 17 new compounds with different rigidity, planarity, symmetry and degree of conjugation of their core structures to 5-hydroxyindole units were synthesized. All the compounds were fully characterized and tested against breast cancer cell line (MDA-MB-231). The results revealed that the core structure is required for activity and it should be aromatic, rigid, planar, symmetrical and conjugated for optimal activity...
September 15, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Chatla Srinivas, V Swathi, C Priyanka, T Anjana Devi, B V Subba Reddy, M Janaki Ramaiah, Utpal Bhadra, Manika Pal Bhadra
In eukaryotes, transcriptional regulation occurs via chromatin remodeling, mainly through post translational modifications of histones that package DNA into structural units. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are enzymes that play important role in various biological processes by repressing gene expression. Suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) is a known HDAC inhibitor that showed significant anti cancer activity by relieving gene silencing against hematologic and solid tumors. We have designed and synthesized a series of SAHA analogs C1-C4 and performed biological studies to elucidate its anti-cancer effects...
November 2016: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
Mei-Ling Cheng, Lang-Ming Chi, Pei-Ru Wu, Hung-Yao Ho
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)-induced growth arrest of hepatoma cells is associated with metabolic disturbance. Our previous study has suggested that DHEA may cause cellular energy drain. It is possible that mitochondrial dysfunction may be mechanistically implicated in DHEA-induced changes in cellular phenotype. Treatment of SK-Hep-1 cells with DHEA caused significant reduction in proliferation, colony formation, and growth in semi-solid medium. Such changes in cellular phenotype were associated with mitochondrial depolarization, increase in mitochondrial mass, and decrease in respiratory activity...
October 1, 2016: Biochemical Pharmacology
Yingcai Yan, Minjie Xie, Linshi Zhang, Xiaohu Zhou, Haiyang Xie, Lin Zhou, Shusen Zheng, Weilin Wang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is rapidly becoming one of the most prevalent cancers worldwide and is a prominent source of mortality. Ras-related associated with diabetes (RRAD), one of the first members of the 35-39 kDa class of novel Ras-related GTPases, is linked to several types of cancer, although its function in HCC remains unclear. In this study, we observed that RRAD was downregulated in HCC compared with adjacent normal tissues. This change was associated with a poor prognosis. Furthermore, knockdown of RRAD in SK-Hep-1 cells facilitated cell proliferation, accelerated the G1/S transition during the cell cycle, induced cell migration, and reduced apoptosis...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Ashish Garg, Vaibhav Patel, Rajeev Sharma, Amit Jain, Awesh K Yadav
The aim of the present work is to formulate heparin-modified-polycaprolactone (HEP) core shell nanoparticles (NPs) of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). These NPs were characterized for various in vitro parameters like particle size, zeta potential, etc. HEP NPs were found to maintain comparatively slower drug release pattern (98.9% in 96 h) than PCL NPs. Cytotoxicity studies demonstrated a massive cytotoxic potential of 5-FU-loaded HEP NPs in A549, MDA-MD-435, and SK-OV-3 cancer cell lines. Pharmacokinetic parameters were also determined in blood after IV administration of HEP NPs: AUC, Cmax, MRT, and Tmax values are 6096...
July 4, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Jee-Youn Kim, Yong-Min An, Jae-Hoon Park
Telomerase is essential for regulating telomeres, and its activation is a critical step in cellular immortalization and tumorigenesis. The transcriptional activation of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) is critical for telomerase expression. Although several transcriptional activators have been identified, factors responsible for enhancing the hTERT promoter remain to be fully elucidated. In the present study, the role of glioma tumor-suppressor candidate region gene 2 (GLTSCR2) in telomerase regulation was analyzed...
August 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Mingjing Yuan, Hui Guo, Jing Li, Chengzhi Sui, Ying Qin, Jingjing Wang, Yasir Hayat Khan, Liying Ye, Fuan Xie, Heng Wang, Li Yuan, Jun Ye
The neural guidance molecular, Slit2, and its cognate receptor, Robo1, play critical roles in the development of the nervous system, nevertheless, their functions are not limited to this system. Numerous studies have shown decreased Slit2 expression in a wide variety of cancers, highlighting its potential as a tumor suppressor. However, the Slit2/Robo1 signaling axis was reported to induce either suppressive or stimulatory effects on tumor growth and metastasis, depending on cellular context. There is a paucity of information on the effects of the Slit2/Robo1 signaling axis on the growth and metastasis of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)...
July 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Fu-Nan Qiu, Yi Huang, Dun-Yan Chen, Feng Li, Yan-An Wu, Wen-Bing Wu, Xiao-Li Huang
AIM: To assess the impact of eukaryotic elongation factor 1 alpha 2 (eEF1A2) on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion, and determine the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: eEF1A2 levels were detected in 62 HCC tissue samples and paired pericarcinomatous specimens, and the human HCC cell lines SK-HEP-1, HepG2 and BEF-7402, by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. Experimental groups included eEF1A2 silencing in BEL-7402 cells with lentivirus eEF1A2-shRNA (KD group) and eEF1A2 overexpression in SK-HEP-1 cells with eEF1A2 plasmid (OE group)...
April 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Xiao-Xi Kan, Qi Li, Xi Chen, Ya-Jie Wang, Yu-Jie Li, Qing Yang, Hong-Bin Xiao, Zhi-Xin Wang, Ying Chen, Xiao-Gang Weng, Wei-Yan Cai, Xiao-Xin Zhu
Currently, liver cancer is the sixth most prevalent cancer and the third most common cause of cancer-related death. However, effective chemotherapeutic drugs with low drug resistance and few side-effects for the clinical treatment of liver cancer are lacking. Therefore, the search for novel drugs to compensate for the defects of existing drugs is urgently needed. Herein, we successfully screened an extract named from Stellera chamaejasme L. (SCL), a historically confimed antitumor plant, through a novel extraction platform...
June 2016: Oncology Reports
Xiongfei Huang, Yeting Zeng, Xinrui Wang, Xiaoxiao Ma, Qianqian Li, Ningbo Li, Hongying Su, Wendong Huang
The nuclear receptor Farnesoid X Receptor (FXR) is likely a tumor suppressor in liver tissue but its molecular mechanism of suppression is not well understood. In this study, the gene expression profile of human liver cancer cells was investigated by microarray. Bioinformatics analysis of these data revealed that FXR might regulate the mTOR/S6K signaling pathway. This was confirmed by altering the expression level of FXR in liver cancer cells. Overexpression of FXR prevented the growth of cells and induced cell cycle arrest, which was enhanced by the mTOR/S6K inhibitor rapamycin...
May 27, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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