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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224877/-helping-people-to-give-up-smoking-efficacy-and-safety-of-smoking-cessation-interventions
#1
R C van de Graaf, O C P van Schayck
- This review evaluates the safety and efficacy of, smoking cessation interventions.- Behavioural counselling is the cornerstone of smoking cessation programmes.- This counselling can be supplemented with written self-help materials, telephone counselling and e-health tailored to individual patient preferences.- Behavioural counselling may be combined with pharmacotherapy for increased effectiveness. First choice is a combination of a nicotine patch and a nicotine lozenge or chewing gum, mainly because of the favourable side-effect profile...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206998/dynamic-outcome-prediction-in-a-socio-demographically-diverse-population-based-cohort-of-extremely-preterm-neonates
#2
M A Steurer, J Anderson, R J Baer, S Oltman, L S Franck, M Kuppermann, L Rand, K K Ryckman, J C Partridge, L L Jelliffe-Pawlowski, E E Rogers
OBJECTIVE: Accurate outcome prediction is crucial for counseling parents and providing individualized treatment to extremely premature infants. We sought to improve upon existing prediction model by using a diverse population-based cohort of extremely premature live births (⩽28 weeks' gestation) for survival and survival without severe neonatal morbidity at different times throughout the first week of life and to evaluate potential differences by race/ethnicity and maternal education...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204935/a-review-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-in-aesthetic-surgery-patients-and-the-legal-implications
#3
Iliana E Sweis, Jamie Spitz, David R Barry, Mimis Cohen
BACKGROUND: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is an often under-recognized yet severe psychiatric illness. There is limited guidance for plastic surgeons in the USA in how to recognize and manage patients with BDD and protect themselves from potential litigation and harm. Therefore, in collaboration with legal counsel, we remind our profession of the serious nature of patients with BDD, provide warning signs for recognizing BDD, and critically evaluate the validity of informed consent and the legal ramifications of operating on such patients in the USA...
February 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190459/mutations-in-inpp5k-cause-a-form-of-congenital-muscular-dystrophy-overlapping-marinesco-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-and-dystroglycanopathy
#4
Daniel P S Osborn, Heather L Pond, Neda Mazaheri, Jeremy Dejardin, Christopher J Munn, Khaloob Mushref, Edmund S Cauley, Isabella Moroni, Maria Barbara Pasanisi, Elizabeth A Sellars, R Sean Hill, Jennifer N Partlow, Rebecca K Willaert, Jaipreet Bharj, Reza Azizi Malamiri, Hamid Galehdari, Gholamreza Shariati, Reza Maroofian, Marina Mora, Laura E Swan, Thomas Voit, Francesco J Conti, Yalda Jamshidi, M Chiara Manzini
Congenital muscular dystrophies display a wide phenotypic and genetic heterogeneity. The combination of clinical, biochemical, and molecular genetic findings must be considered to obtain the precise diagnosis and provide appropriate genetic counselling. Here we report five individuals from four families presenting with variable clinical features including muscular dystrophy with a reduction in dystroglycan glycosylation, short stature, intellectual disability, and cataracts, overlapping both the dystroglycanopathies and Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181058/analysis-of-reimbursement-of-genetic-counseling-services-at-a-single-institution-in-a-state-requiring-licensure
#5
Jennifer R Leonhard, Paul J Munson, Jason D Flanagan, Kristen L De Berg, Paul A Thompson, Lori W Dean, Quinn P Stein
Reimbursement for genetic counseling services was examined at a single institution. Patient encounters utilizing the 96040 CPT® code from 7/31/2009 through 7/31/2013 were reviewed. Exclusion criteria included billing records of patients seen by a physician the same day, self-pay, Medicaid, and Medicare patients. Of the 8,630 encounters with a genetic counselor, 582 encounters were eligible for review. Descriptive statistics (i.e., percentage of encounters receiving some level of reimbursement, average reimbursement rate, number of third party payors providing any level of reimbursement, and number of ICD-9 codes receiving any level of reimbursement) depicted reimbursement of the 96040 CPT® code for the encounters analyzed...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166804/addressing-the-gaps-in-diabetes-care-in-first-nations-communities-with-the-reorganizing-the-approach-to-diabetes-through-the-application-of-registries-radar-the-project-protocol
#6
Dean T Eurich, Sumit R Majumdar, Lisa A Wozniak, Allison Soprovich, Kari Meneen, Jeffrey A Johnson, Salim Samanani
BACKGROUND: Type-2 diabetes rates in First Nations communities are 3-5 times higher than the general Canadian population, resulting in a high burden of disease, complications and comorbidity. Limited community nursing capacity, isolated environments and a lack of electronic health records (EHR)/registries lead to a reactive, disorganized approach to diabetes care for many First Nations people. The Reorganizing the Approach to Diabetes through the Application of Registries (RADAR) project was developed in alignments with federal calls for innovative, culturally relevant, community-specific programs for people with type-2 diabetes developed and delivered in partnership with target communities...
February 6, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165273/working-alliance-and-empathy-as-mediators-of-brief-telephone-counseling-for-cigarette-smokers-who-are-not-ready-to-quit
#7
Elias M Klemperer, John R Hughes, Peter W Callas, Laura J Solomon
Working alliance and empathy are believed to be important components of counseling, although few studies have empirically tested this. We recently conducted a randomized controlled trial in which brief motivational and reduction counseling failed to increase the number of participants who made a quit attempt (QA) in comparison to usual care (i.e., brief advice to quit). Our negative findings could have been due to nonspecific factors. This secondary analysis used a subset of participants (n = 347) to test (a) whether, in comparison to usual care, brief telephone-based motivational or reduction counseling predicted greater working alliance or empathy; (b) whether changes in these nonspecific factors predicted an increased probability of a QA at a 6-month follow-up; and (c) whether counseling affected the probability of a QA via working alliance or empathy (i...
February 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155039/a-global-review-of-hiv-self-testing-themes-and-implications
#8
REVIEW
Danielle R Stevens, Caroline J Vrana, Raviv E Dlin, Jeffrey E Korte
HIV self-test kits may have the potential to increase testing rates around the globe, and thereby lead to reductions in HIV-related incidence and mortality. However, the effectiveness of these self-test kits and the issues surrounding self-testing have been greatly debated in recent years. We conducted a literature review on the acceptability, feasibility, and effectiveness of HIV self-testing (HST) around the world. Of the 28 articles abstracted, several themes of HST were explored, including behavioral risk compensation, presence of counseling, uses of HST, ability to perform the self-test, sensitivity and specificity, concordance with confirmatory testing, perceptions surrounding HST, instruction and supervision, and cost...
February 2, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150466/who-will-be-lost-identifying-patients-at-risk-of-loss-to-follow-up-in-malawi-the-dream-program-experience
#9
S Mancinelli, K Nielsen-Saines, P Germano, G Guidotti, E Buonomo, P Scarcella, R Lunghi, H Sangare, S Orlando, G Liotta, M C Marazzi, L Palombi
OBJECTIVES: Retention of subjects in HIV treatment programmes is crucial for the success of treatment. We evaluated retention/loss to follow-up (LTFU) in subjects receiving established care in Malawi. METHODS: Data for HIV-positive patients registered in Drug Resource Enhancement Against AIDS and Malnutrition centres in Malawi prior to 2014 were reviewed. Visits entailing HIV testing/counselling, laboratory evaluations, nutritional evaluation/supplementation, community support, peer education, and antiretroviral (ART) monitoring/pharmacy were noted...
February 2, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150120/behavioral-changes-following-uptake-of-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-a-clinical-setting
#10
Catherine E Oldenburg, Amy S Nunn, Madeline Montgomery, Alexi Almonte, Leandro Mena, Rupa R Patel, Kenneth H Mayer, Philip A Chan
We describe changes in sexual behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM) following initiation of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in a clinic-based sample of MSM initiating PrEP in Providence, Rhode Island. Data were collected at baseline, 3, and 6 months following PrEP initiation including total number of anal sex partners and condom use. A longitudinal mixed effects model assessed changes in number of partners and condom use over time, adjusting for age, race, and education. There was no statistically significant difference in total number of partners over time...
February 1, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145848/clinical-practice-guideline-improving-nasal-form-and-function-after-rhinoplasty-executive-summary
#11
Lisa E Ishii, Travis T Tollefson, Gregory J Basura, Richard M Rosenfeld, Peter J Abramson, Scott R Chaiet, Kara S Davis, Karl Doghramji, Edward H Farrior, Sandra A Finestone, Stacey L Ishman, Robert X Murphy, John G Park, Michael Setzen, Deborah J Strike, Sandra A Walsh, Jeremy P Warner, Lorraine C Nnacheta
Objective Rhinoplasty, a surgical procedure that alters the shape or appearance of the nose while preserving or enhancing the nasal airway, ranks among the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures in the United States, with >200,000 procedures reported in 2014. While it is difficult to calculate the exact economic burden incurred by rhinoplasty patients following surgery with or without complications, the average rhinoplasty procedure typically exceeds $4000. The costs incurred due to complications, infections, or revision surgery may include the cost of long-term antibiotics, hospitalization, or lost revenue from hours/days of missed work...
February 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145823/clinical-practice-guideline-improving-nasal-form-and-function-after-rhinoplasty
#12
Lisa E Ishii, Travis T Tollefson, Gregory J Basura, Richard M Rosenfeld, Peter J Abramson, Scott R Chaiet, Kara S Davis, Karl Doghramji, Edward H Farrior, Sandra A Finestone, Stacey L Ishman, Robert X Murphy, John G Park, Michael Setzen, Deborah J Strike, Sandra A Walsh, Jeremy P Warner, Lorraine C Nnacheta
Objective Rhinoplasty, a surgical procedure that alters the shape or appearance of the nose while preserving or enhancing the nasal airway, ranks among the most commonly performed cosmetic procedures in the United States, with >200,000 procedures reported in 2014. While it is difficult to calculate the exact economic burden incurred by rhinoplasty patients following surgery with or without complications, the average rhinoplasty procedure typically exceeds $4000. The costs incurred due to complications, infections, or revision surgery may include the cost of long-term antibiotics, hospitalization, or lost revenue from hours/days of missed work...
February 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133440/the-role-of-self-efficacy-adaptive-coping-and-smoking-urges-in-long-term-cessation-outcomes
#13
Claire E Blevins, Samantha G Farris, Richard A Brown, David R Strong, Ana M Abrantes
OBJECTIVE: Smoking cessation self-efficacy and adaptive coping are posited as two important treatment targets in smoking cessation interventions, especially in the context of handling strong urges to smoke. Yet, less is known about whether intervention-related changes in these constructs predict long-term smoking outcomes. The current study aimed to examine changes in smoking urges, smoking cessation self-efficacy, and adaptive coping following a health-focused and cognitive-behavioral telephone-delivered smoking cessation treatment, and the association to smoking reduction during long-term, 12-month follow-up...
December 2016: Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131669/-what-if-i-do-nothing-the-natural-history-of-operable-cancer-of-the-alimentary-tract
#14
H B Keshava, J E Rosen, M R DeLuzio, A W Kim, F C Detterbeck, D J Boffa
INTRODUCTION: "Natural history", or anticipated survival without treatment, is critical for patients weighing risks and benefits of cancer surgery. Current estimates concerning the natural history of cancer includes patients whose poor health precludes treatment; a cohort whose fate is likely distinctly worse than those eligible for surgery ("operable"). The study objective was to evaluate survival among patients recommended for cancer surgery but went untreated, to determine the natural history of "operable" alimentary tract cancer...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127788/fetal-lymphatic-malformations-more-variable-than-we-think
#15
Edward R Oliver, Beverly G Coleman, Suzanne E DeBari, Teresa Victoria, Devon M Looney, Steven C Horii, Julie S Moldenhauer, Jill E Langer, Lori J Howell, Bruce R Pawel, N Scott Adzick
Lymphatic malformations are benign lesions that result from abnormal development of the lymphatic and venous systems. These lesions may be detected during routine prenatal ultrasound screening, and typically demonstrate imaging findings of a multiseptate cystic lesion lacking solid components, vascularity, and calcifications. We report 73 cases of prenatally detected lymphatic malformations and describe greater variability in their prenatal sonographic appearance than previously reported, including purely cystic lesions and mixed cystic and solid lesions with calcifications...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122658/randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-analysis-of-an-internet-based-weight-management-programme-power-positive-online-weight-reduction
#16
Paul Little, Beth Stuart, Fd Richard Hobbs, Jo Kelly, Emily R Smith, Katherine J Bradbury, Stephanie Hughes, Peter Wf Smith, Michael V Moore, Mike Ej Lean, Barrie M Margetts, Christopher D Byrne, Simon Griffin, Mina Davoudianfar, Julie Hooper, Guiqing Yao, Shihua Zhu, James Raftery, Lucy Yardley
BACKGROUND: Behavioural counselling with intensive follow-up for obesity is effective, but in resource-constrained primary care settings briefer approaches are needed. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of an internet-based behavioural intervention with regular face-to-face or remote support in primary care, compared with brief advice. DESIGN: Individually randomised three-arm parallel trial with health economic evaluation and nested qualitative interviews...
January 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098581/timing-of-pavlik-harness-initiation-can-we-wait
#17
Jill E Larson, Anay R Patel, Brian Weatherford, Joseph A Janicki
BACKGROUND: Developmental dysplasia of the hip is effectively treated with a Pavlik harness (PH) within the first 6 months of life. Over 80% of unstable hips in the newborn period will naturally stabilize by 2 months of age. If there is no difference in the effectiveness of initiating PH treatment at 1 week compared with 4 weeks of age, waiting may allow the hips to naturally stabilize and avoid treatment. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the timing of PH implementation influences its effectiveness in the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065212/hospital-acquired-listeriosis-linked-to-a-persistently-contaminated-milkshake-machine
#18
E Mazengia, V Kawakami, K Rietberg, M Kay, P Wyman, C Skilton, A Aberra, J Boonyaratanakornkit, A P Limaye, S A Pergam, E Whimbey, R J Olsen-Scribner, J S Duchin
One case of hospital-acquired listeriosis was linked to milkshakes produced in a commercial-grade shake freezer machine. This machine was found to be contaminated with a strain of Listeria monocytogenes epidemiologically and molecularly linked to a contaminated pasteurized, dairy-based ice cream product at the same hospital a year earlier, despite repeated cleaning and sanitizing. Healthcare facilities should be aware of the potential for prolonged Listeria contamination of food service equipment. In addition, healthcare providers should consider counselling persons who have an increased risk for Listeria infections regarding foods that have caused Listeria infections...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062116/prior-breast-cancer-and-tamoxifen-exposure-does-not-influence-outcomes-in-women-with-uterine-papillary-serous-carcinoma
#19
Stuart R Pierce, Jessica E Stine, Paola A Gehrig, Laura J Havrilesky, Angeles A Secord, John Nakayama, Anna C Snavely, Dominic T Moore, Kenneth H Kim
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) outcomes in women diagnosed with uterine papillary serous carcinoma (UPSC) who have had (UPSCBR+) or have not had (UPSCBR-) an antecedent history of breast cancer and to correlate their outcomes to prior tamoxifen exposure. METHODS: Data were collected for women diagnosed with UPSC at two academic institutions between January 1997 and July 2012. Patient demographics, tumor histology, stage, and treatments were recorded...
January 3, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056120/clinical-characterization-of-cngb1-related-autosomal-recessive-retinitis-pigmentosa
#20
Sarah Hull, Marcella Attanasio, Gavin Arno, Keren Carss, Anthony G Robson, Dorothy A Thompson, Vincent Plagnol, Michel Michaelides, Graham E Holder, Robert H Henderson, F Lucy Raymond, Anthony T Moore, Andrew R Webster
Importance: There are limited published data on the phenotype of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) related to CNGB1 variants. These data are needed both for prognostic counseling of patients and for understanding potential treatment windows. Objective: To describe the detailed clinical and molecular genetic findings in a series of patients with RP with likely pathogenic variants in CNGB1. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this case series, 10 patients from 9 families underwent full ophthalmologic examination...
January 5, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
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