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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762669/ethics-of-oocyte-banking-for-third-party-assisted-reproduction-a-systematic-review
#1
E M Kool, A M E Bos, R van der Graaf, B C J M Fauser, A L Bredenoord
BACKGROUND: The demand for donor oocytes has increased dramatically over the years. Today people in need of ART with the use of donor oocytes can appeal to commercial or public donor oocyte banks. The introduction of oocyte banks has shed a new light on the practice of ART using donor oocytes. The establishment and maintenance of oocyte banks should be sensitive to the ethical considerations. However, it is currently unclear which ethical aspects have to be taken into account. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: The aim of this article is to identify the ethical aspects of establishing and maintaining oocyte banks for third-party ART...
May 14, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762252/high-intensity-interval-or-continuous-moderate-exercise-a-24-week-pilot-trial
#2
Sean R Locke, Jessica E Bourne, Mark R Beauchamp, Jonathan P Little, Julianne Barry, Joel Singer, Mary E Jung
PURPOSE: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) may lead to superior cardiometabolic improvements when compared to moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT). However, adherence to HIIT requires examination. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) adherence 24 weeks following a brief counselling intervention combined with either HIIT or MICT. METHODS: Individuals at high risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) were randomized to HIIT (n = 15) or MICT (n = 17) and completed 10 exercise sessions accompanied by a brief 10-minute counselling intervention over a 2-week period...
May 14, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756284/factors-associated-with-atxn2-cag-caa-repeat-intergenerational-instability-in-spinocerebellar-ataxia-type-2
#3
L E Almaguer-Mederos, J M L Mesa, Y González-Zaldívar, D Almaguer-Gotay, D Cuello-Almarales, R Aguilera-Rodríguez, N S Falcón, S Gispert, G Auburger, L Velázquez-Pérez
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by the unstable expansion of a CAG/CAA repeat in the ATXN2 gene, which normally encodes 22 glutamines (Q22). A large study was conducted to characterize the CAG/CAA repeat intergenerational instability in SCA2 families. Large normal alleles (LNA, Q24-31) were significantly more unstable upon maternal transmissions. In contrast, expanded alleles (EA, Q32-750) were significantly more unstable during paternal transmissions, in correlation with repeat length...
May 14, 2018: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753700/spectrum-and-prevalence-of-genetic-predisposition-in-medulloblastoma-a-retrospective-genetic-study-and-prospective-validation-in-a-clinical-trial-cohort
#4
Sebastian M Waszak, Paul A Northcott, Ivo Buchhalter, Giles W Robinson, Christian Sutter, Susanne Groebner, Kerstin B Grund, Laurence Brugières, David T W Jones, Kristian W Pajtler, A Sorana Morrissy, Marcel Kool, Dominik Sturm, Lukas Chavez, Aurelie Ernst, Sebastian Brabetz, Michael Hain, Thomas Zichner, Maia Segura-Wang, Joachim Weischenfeldt, Tobias Rausch, Balca R Mardin, Xin Zhou, Cristina Baciu, Christian Lawerenz, Jennifer A Chan, Pascale Varlet, Lea Guerrini-Rousseau, Daniel W Fults, Wiesława Grajkowska, Peter Hauser, Nada Jabado, Young-Shin Ra, Karel Zitterbart, Suyash S Shringarpure, Francisco M De La Vega, Carlos D Bustamante, Ho-Keung Ng, Arie Perry, Tobey J MacDonald, Pablo Hernáiz Driever, Anne E Bendel, Daniel C Bowers, Geoffrey McCowage, Murali M Chintagumpala, Richard Cohn, Timothy Hassall, Gudrun Fleischhack, Tone Eggen, Finn Wesenberg, Maria Feychting, Birgitta Lannering, Joachim Schüz, Christoffer Johansen, Tina V Andersen, Martin Röösli, Claudia E Kuehni, Michael Grotzer, Kristina Kjaerheim, Camelia M Monoranu, Tenley C Archer, Elizabeth Duke, Scott L Pomeroy, Redmond Shelagh, Stephan Frank, David Sumerauer, Wolfram Scheurlen, Marina V Ryzhova, Till Milde, Christian P Kratz, David Samuel, Jinghui Zhang, David A Solomon, Marco Marra, Roland Eils, Claus R Bartram, Katja von Hoff, Stefan Rutkowski, Vijay Ramaswamy, Richard J Gilbertson, Andrey Korshunov, Michael D Taylor, Peter Lichter, David Malkin, Amar Gajjar, Jan O Korbel, Stefan M Pfister
BACKGROUND: Medulloblastoma is associated with rare hereditary cancer predisposition syndromes; however, consensus medulloblastoma predisposition genes have not been defined and screening guidelines for genetic counselling and testing for paediatric patients are not available. We aimed to assess and define these genes to provide evidence for future screening guidelines. METHODS: In this international, multicentre study, we analysed patients with medulloblastoma from retrospective cohorts (International Cancer Genome Consortium [ICGC] PedBrain, Medulloblastoma Advanced Genomics International Consortium [MAGIC], and the CEFALO series) and from prospective cohorts from four clinical studies (SJMB03, SJMB12, SJYC07, and I-HIT-MED)...
May 9, 2018: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752923/video-compared-to-conversational-contraceptive-counseling-during-labor-and-maternity-hospitalization-in-colombia-a-randomized-trial
#5
Alyssa R Hersh, Luisa F Muñoz, Mónica Rincón, Carolina Alvarez, Jorge E Tolosa, Diva J Moreno, Martha Rubio, Juan C Vargas, Francisco Edna, Nelson Taborda, Maureen K Baldwin
OBJECTIVE: Assess if video-based contraceptive education could be an efficient adjunct to contraceptive counseling and attain the same contraceptive knowledge acquisition as conversation-based counseling. STUDY DESIGN: This was a multi-center randomized, controlled trial examining contraceptive counseling during labor and maternity hospitalization regarding the options of immediate postpartum contraception. At two urban public hospitals, we randomized participants to a structured conversation with a trained counselor or a 14-min video providing the same information...
May 9, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745290/healthcare-providers-understanding-of-hiv-serodiscordance-in-south-africa-and-uganda-implications-for-hiv-prevention-in-sub-saharan-africa
#6
Ross Greener, Cecilia Milford, Francis Bajunirwe, Faith N Mosery, Claudia K Ng, Rachel Rifkin, Jasmine Kastner, Lavanya Pillay, Angela Kaida, David R Bangsberg, Jennifer A Smit, Lynn T Matthews
HIV transmission within stable heterosexual HIV serodiscordant couples accounts for almost half the new incident infections in South Africa and Uganda. Advances in HIV prevention provide opportunities to reduce transmission risk within serodiscordant partnerships (e.g., antiretroviral treatment (ART), pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), medical male circumcision, and couples-based HIV counselling and testing). These interventions require a clinical encounter with a provider who recognises prevention opportunities within these partnerships...
May 10, 2018: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739032/management-and-outcome-of-neonates-with-a-prenatal-diagnosis-of-esophageal-atresia-type-a-a-population-based-study
#7
C Garabedian, A Bonnard, V Rousseau, R Sfeir, S Blanc, J Boubnova, C Jacquier, S Irtan, A Breton, V Fouquet, A Guinot, T Lamireau, E Habonimana, A Schneider, F Elbaz, A Ranke, M L Poli-Merol, N Kalfa, T Petit, J-L Michel, P Buisson, J Lirussi-Borgnon, H Lardy, B Parmentier, C Cremillieux, F Schmitt, C Borderon, O Jaby, C Pelatan, P De Vries, M Pouzac-Arnould, C Grosos, J Breaud, C Tolg, Y Chaussy, C Laplace, E E Drumez, L Michaud, F Gottrand, V Houfflin-Debarge
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the neonatal management and outcomes of neonates with prenatal diagnosis of esophageal atresia EA type A. METHODS: This population-based study was conducted using data from the French National Register for Infants with EA born from 2008 to 2014, including all cases of EA type A. We compared prenatal and neonatal characteristics and outcomes in children with prenatal diagnosis of EA type A to those with a postnatal diagnosis until the age of one...
May 8, 2018: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738558/inflammatory-signatures-distinguish-metabolic-health-in-african-american-women-with-obesity
#8
Gerald V Denis, Paola Sebastiani, Kimberly A Bertrand, Katherine J Strissel, Anna H Tran, Jaromir Slama, Nilton D Medina, Guillaume Andrieu, Julie R Palmer
Obesity-driven Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a systemic inflammatory condition associated with cardiovascular disease. However, plasma cytokines and tissue inflammation that discriminate T2D risk in African American women with obese phenotypes are not well understood. We analyzed 64 circulating cytokines and chemokines in plasma of 120 African American women enrolled in the Black Women's Health Study. We used regression analysis to identify cytokines and chemokines associated with obesity, co-morbid T2D and hypertension, and compared results to obese women without these co-morbidities, as well as to lean women without the co-morbidities...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737231/progressive-tissue-biomarker-profiling-in-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#9
David D'Andrea, Melanie R Hassler, Mohammad Abufaraj, Francesco Soria, Iris E Ertl, Dafina Ilijazi, Andrea Mari, Beat Foerster, Gerda Egger, Shahrokh F Shariat
The recurrence rate of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) is up to 60% within the first year of therapy. Accurate risk stratification is necessary for patient counselling, follow-up scheduling and individualized therapeutic decision making. Current prognostic models rely on clinicopathologic features, but their discrimination remains limited when in external cohorts. Despite intense efforts regarding the value of biomarkers in prognosticating outcomes in NMIBC, clinical utility remains suboptimal. It is clear that a single biomarker is not enough for the prediction of disease recurrence...
May 9, 2018: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736667/outcomes-following-colorectal-resection-in-kidney-transplant-recipients
#10
Sandra R DiBrito, Yewande Alimi, Israel O Olorundare, Courtenay M Holscher, Christine E Haugen, Dorry L Segev, Jacqueline Garonzik-Wang
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplant recipients (KTR) are at increased risk of requiring colorectal resection compared to the general population. Given the need for lifelong immunosuppression and the physiologic impact of years of renal replacement, we hypothesized that colorectal resection may be riskier for this unique population. METHODS: We investigated the differences in mortality, morbidity, length of stay (LOS), and cost between 2410 KTR and 1,433,437 non-KTR undergoing colorectal resection at both transplant and non-transplant centers using the National Inpatient Sample between 2000 and 2013, adjusting for patient and hospital level factors...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724592/potential-genetic-modifiers-of-disease-risk-and-age-at-onset-in-patients-with-frontotemporal-lobar-degeneration-and-grn-mutations-a-genome-wide-association-study
#11
Cyril Pottier, Xiaolai Zhou, Ralph B Perkerson, Matt Baker, Gregory D Jenkins, Daniel J Serie, Roberta Ghidoni, Luisa Benussi, Giuliano Binetti, Adolfo López de Munain, Miren Zulaica, Fermin Moreno, Isabelle Le Ber, Florence Pasquier, Didier Hannequin, Raquel Sánchez-Valle, Anna Antonell, Albert Lladó, Tammee M Parsons, NiCole A Finch, Elizabeth C Finger, Carol F Lippa, Edward D Huey, Manuela Neumann, Peter Heutink, Matthis Synofzik, Carlo Wilke, Robert A Rissman, Jaroslaw Slawek, Emilia Sitek, Peter Johannsen, Jørgen E Nielsen, Yingxue Ren, Marka van Blitterswijk, Mariely DeJesus-Hernandez, Elizabeth Christopher, Melissa E Murray, Kevin F Bieniek, Bret M Evers, Camilla Ferrari, Sara Rollinson, Anna Richardson, Elio Scarpini, Giorgio G Fumagalli, Alessandro Padovani, John Hardy, Parastoo Momeni, Raffaele Ferrari, Francesca Frangipane, Raffaele Maletta, Maria Anfossi, Maura Gallo, Leonard Petrucelli, EunRan Suh, Oscar L Lopez, Tsz H Wong, Jeroen G J van Rooij, Harro Seelaar, Simon Mead, Richard J Caselli, Eric M Reiman, Marwan Noel Sabbagh, Mads Kjolby, Anders Nykjaer, Anna M Karydas, Adam L Boxer, Lea T Grinberg, Jordan Grafman, Salvatore Spina, Adrian Oblak, M-Marsel Mesulam, Sandra Weintraub, Changiz Geula, John R Hodges, Olivier Piguet, William S Brooks, David J Irwin, John Q Trojanowski, Edward B Lee, Keith A Josephs, Joseph E Parisi, Nilüfer Ertekin-Taner, David S Knopman, Benedetta Nacmias, Irene Piaceri, Silvia Bagnoli, Sandro Sorbi, Marla Gearing, Jonathan Glass, Thomas G Beach, Sandra E Black, Mario Masellis, Ekaterina Rogaeva, Jean-Paul Vonsattel, Lawrence S Honig, Julia Kofler, Amalia C Bruni, Julie Snowden, David Mann, Stuart Pickering-Brown, Janine Diehl-Schmid, Juliane Winkelmann, Daniela Galimberti, Caroline Graff, Linn Öijerstedt, Claire Troakes, Safa Al-Sarraj, Carlos Cruchaga, Nigel J Cairns, Jonathan D Rohrer, Glenda M Halliday, John B Kwok, John C van Swieten, Charles L White, Bernardino Ghetti, Jill R Murell, Ian R A Mackenzie, Ging-Yuek R Hsiung, Barbara Borroni, Giacomina Rossi, Fabrizio Tagliavini, Zbigniew K Wszolek, Ronald C Petersen, Eileen H Bigio, Murray Grossman, Vivianna M Van Deerlin, William W Seeley, Bruce L Miller, Neill R Graff-Radford, Bradley F Boeve, Dennis W Dickson, Joanna M Biernacka, Rosa Rademakers
BACKGROUND: Loss-of-function mutations in GRN cause frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). Patients with GRN mutations present with a uniform subtype of TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) pathology at autopsy (FTLD-TDP type A); however, age at onset and clinical presentation are variable, even within families. We aimed to identify potential genetic modifiers of disease onset and disease risk in GRN mutation carriers. METHODS: The study was done in three stages: a discovery stage, a replication stage, and a meta-analysis of the discovery and replication data...
April 30, 2018: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721915/clinical-biochemical-and-molecular-overview-of-transaldolase-deficiency-and-evaluation-of-the-endocrine-function-update-of-34-patients
#12
M Williams, V Valayannopoulos, R Altassan, W K Chung, A C Heijboer, W T Keng, R Lapatto, P McClean, M F Mulder, A Tylki-Szymańska, M J E Walenkamp, M Alfadhel, H Alakeel, G S Salomons, W Eyaid, M M C Wamelink
BACKGROUND: Transaldolase deficiency (TALDO-D) is a rare autosomal recessive inborn error of the pentose phosphate pathway. Since its first description in 2001, several case reports have been published, but there has been no comprehensive overview of phenotype, genotype, and phenotype-genotype correlation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective questionnaire and literature study of clinical, biochemical, and molecular data of 34 patients from 25 families with proven TALDO-D...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709403/improving-diabetes-care-among-patients-with-severe-mental-illness-a-systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-interventions
#13
REVIEW
A O Grøn, E-M Dalsgaard, A R Ribe, S Seidu, G Mora, A M Cebrián-Cuenca, M Charles
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Individuals with severe mental illness (SMI) who suffer from type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are likely to be sub-optimally treated for their physical condition. This study aimed to review the effect of interventions in this population. METHODS: A systematic search in five databases was conducted in July 2017. RESULTS: Seven studies on multi-faced interventions were included. These comprised nutrition and exercise counselling, behavioural modelling and increased disease awareness aiming to reduce HbA1c, fasting plasma glucose, body mass index and weight...
April 27, 2018: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703768/long-term-neuropsychological-outcome-following-pediatric-anti-nmdar-encephalitis
#14
Marienke A A M de Bruijn, Femke K Aarsen, Marielle P van Oosterhout, Marieke M van der Knoop, Coriene E Catsman-Berrevoets, Marco W J Schreurs, Danielle E M Bastiaansen, Peter A E Sillevis Smitt, Rinze F Neuteboom, Maarten J Titulaer
OBJECTIVE: To provide detailed long-term outcome data of children and adolescents following pediatric anti- N -methyl-d-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) encephalitis, to identify neuropsychological impairments, and to evaluate the influence of these factors on quality of life (QoL). METHODS: All Dutch children diagnosed with anti-NMDAR encephalitis were identified. Patients currently aged 4 years or older were included in the follow-up study, consisting of a visit to our clinic for a detailed interview and a standardized neuropsychological assessment...
April 27, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696311/can-we-increase-smokers-adherence-to-nicotine-replacement-therapy-and-does-this-help-them-quit
#15
Tanya R Schlam, Jessica W Cook, Timothy B Baker, Todd Hayes-Birchler, Daniel M Bolt, Stevens S Smith, Michael C Fiore, Megan E Piper
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of five intervention components on smokers' adherence to combined nicotine patch and nicotine gum during a quit attempt and assess whether adherence is related to cessation. METHOD: Smokers interested in quitting (N = 513; 59% female; 87% White) received nicotine patch plus nicotine gum and participated in a 2x2x2x2x2 randomized factorial experiment (i.e., 32 treatment conditions) evaluating five intervention components: (1) medication adherence counseling versus none; (2) automated medication adherence calls versus none; (3) electronic medication monitoring with feedback and counseling versus e-monitoring alone; (4) 26 versus 8 weeks of nicotine patch plus nicotine gum; and (5) maintenance counseling versus none...
April 25, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679591/the-intrauterine-device-as-emergency-contraception-how-much-do-young-women-know
#16
Suzan R Goodman, Alison M El Ayadi, Corinne H Rocca, Julia E Kohn, Courtney E Benedict, Jessica R Dieseldorff, Cynthia C Harper
BACKGROUND: Unprotected intercourse is common, especially among teens and young women. Access to intrauterine device (IUD) as emergency contraception (EC) can help interested patients more effectively prevent unintended pregnancy and can also offer ongoing contraception. This study evaluated young women's awareness of IUD as EC and interest in case of need. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from young women, ages 18-25years, not desiring pregnancy within 12months, and receiving contraceptive counseling within a cluster-randomized trial in 40U...
April 18, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674251/outpatient-transition-to-extended-release-injectable-naltrexone-for-patients-with-opioid-use-disorder-a-phase-3-randomized-trial
#17
Adam Bisaga, Paolo Mannelli, Miao Yu, Narinder Nangia, Christine E Graham, D Andrew Tompkins, Thomas R Kosten, Sarah C Akerman, Bernard L Silverman, Maria A Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Injectable extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX), approved to prevent relapse to opioid dependence, requires initial abstinence. This multisite outpatient clinical trial examined the efficacy and safety of low-dose oral naltrexone (NTX), combined with a brief buprenorphine (BUP) taper and standing ancillary medications, for detoxification and induction onto XR-NTX. METHODS: Patients (N = 378) were randomized, stratified by primary short-acting opioid-of-use, to one of three regimens: NTX + BUP; NTX + placebo BUP (PBO-B); placebo NTX (PBO-N) + PBO-B...
April 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671189/intrafamilial-oocyte-donation-in-classic-galactosemia-ethical-and-societal-aspects
#18
M Haskovic, W J Poot, R J T van Golde, S H Benneheij, E Oussoren, G M W R de Wert, A Krumeich, M Estela Rubio-Gozalbo
Classic galactosemia is a rare inherited disorder of galactose metabolism. Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) with subfertility affects > 80% of female patients and is an important concern for patients and their parents. Healthcare providers are often consulted for subfertility treatment possibilities. An option brought up by the families is intrafamilial oocyte donation (mother-to-daughter or sister-to-sister). In addition to POI, galactosemia patients can also present varying cognitive and neurological impairments, which may not be fully clear at the time when mother-to-daughter oocyte donation is considered...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665033/is-testicular-macrocalcification-a-risk-for-malignancy-tumor-development-on-ultrasonographic-follow-up-of-preexisting-intratesticular-macrocalcification
#19
Malene R Pedersen, Emily C Bartlett, Christian Brown, Søren R Rafaelsen, Maria E Sellars, Paul S Sidhu
Testicular macrocalcification is an uncommon finding when imaging the scrotum with ultrasonography (US). It is not normally a recognized risk factor for development of testicular malignancy, and patients are not usually offered follow-up US examinations or counseled for self-examination. This aspect is in distinction to patients with testicular microlithiasis (usually with an additional risk factor), who are offered follow-up on the assumption that microlithiasis is associated with malignancy. We report a series of 6 patients with predetermined testicular macrocalcification, with development of a malignancy on follow-up US...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657713/mid-upper-arm-circumference-based-case-detection-admission-and-discharging-of-under-five-children-in-a-large-scale-community-based-management-of-acute-malnutrition-program-in-nigeria
#20
Stanley Chitekwe, Sibhatu Biadgilign, Assaye Tolla, Mark Myatt
Background: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) threatens the lives of millions of children worldwide particularly in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Community-based management of acute malnutrition (CMAM) is an approach to treating large numbers of cases of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in a community setting. There is a debate about the use of mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) for admitting and discharging SAM children. This article describes the experience of using MUAC for screening, case-finding, referral, admission, and discharge in a large-scale CMAM program delivered through existing primary health care facilities in Nigeria...
2018: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
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