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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091357/assessment-of-the-need-for-a-cardiac-morphology-curriculum-for-paediatric-cardiology-fellows
#1
Lindsay S Rogers, Melissa Klein, Jeanne James, Michael FitzGerald
BACKGROUND: Expert knowledge of cardiac malformations is essential for paediatric cardiologists. Current cardiac morphology fellowship teaching format, content, and nomenclature are left up to the discretion of the individual fellowship programmes. We aimed to assess practices and barriers in morphology education, perceived effectiveness of current curricula, and preferences for a standardised fellow morphology curriculum. METHODS: A web-based survey was developed de novo and administered anonymously via e-mail to all paediatric cardiology fellowship programme directors and associate directors in the United States of America; leaders were asked to forward the survey to fellows...
January 16, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090509/innovations-in-surgery-simulation-a-review-of-past-current-and-future-techniques
#2
REVIEW
Ido Badash, Karen Burtt, Carlos A Solorzano, Joseph N Carey
As a result of recent work-hours limitations and concerns for patient safety, innovations in extraclinical surgical simulation have become a desired part of residency education. Current simulation models, including cadaveric, animal, bench-top, virtual reality (VR) and robotic simulators are increasingly used in surgical training programs. Advances in telesurgery, three-dimensional (3D) printing, and the incorporation of patient-specific anatomy are paving the way for simulators to become integral components of medical training in the future...
December 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078604/authenticity-in-anatomy-art
#3
Jessica Adkins
The aim of this paper is to observe the evolution and evaluate the 'realness' and authenticity in Anatomy Art, an art form I define as one which incorporates accurate anatomical representations of the human body with artistic expression. I examine the art of 17th century wax anatomical models, the preservations of Frederik Ruysch, and Gunther von Hagens' Body Worlds plastinates, giving consideration to authenticity of both body and art. I give extra consideration to the works of Body Worlds since the exhibit creator believes he has created anatomical specimens with more educational value and bodily authenticity than ever before...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060967/medical-students-help-bridge-the-gap-in-sexual-health-education-among-middle-school-youth
#4
Naomi Adjei, Michael Yacovelli, Dorothy Liu, Kunal Sindhu, Mary Roberts, Susanna Magee
BACKGROUND: School-based programs are important in addressing risky teenage sexual behavior. We implemented a sex education program using trained medical student volunteers. METHODS: Medical students (n=30) implemented a seven-session curriculum, designed by medical students and faculty, to 7th and 8th grade students (n=310) at a local school. Middle school students completed pre- and post-assessments. Teachers and medical students completed questionnaires relating their perceptions of students' attitudes and understanding of sexual health...
January 6, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058093/santiago-ram%C3%A3-n-y-cajal-s-advice-for-a-young-investigator
#5
Michael Anderson
Santiago Ramón y Cajal, a mythic figure in science and recognized as the father of modern anatomy and neurobiology, was largely responsible for the modern conception of the brain. The first to publish on the nervous system, he sought to educate the novice scientist about how he thought science should be done. We asked an accomplished young investigator to take a fresh look at this recently rediscovered classic, first published in 1897.
September 2016: Cerebrum: the Dana Forum on Brain Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057368/genomic-translational-research-paving-the-way-to-individualized-cardiac-functional-analyses-and-personalized-cardiology
#6
REVIEW
Ares Pasipoularides
For most of Medicine's past, the best that physicians could do to cope with disease prevention and treatment was based on the expected response of an average patient. Currently, however, a more personalized/precise approach to cardiology and medicine in general is becoming possible, as the cost of sequencing a human genome has declined substantially. As a result, we are witnessing an era of precipitous advances in biomedicine and bourgeoning understanding of the genetic basis of cardiovascular and other diseases, reminiscent of the resurgence of innovations in physico-mathematical sciences and biology-anatomy-cardiology in the Renaissance, a parallel time of radical change and reformation of medical knowledge, education and practice...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056140/benefits-and-limitations-of-entry-level-3-dimensional-printing-of-maxillofacial-skeletal-models
#7
Alex T Legocki, Andrew Duffy-Peter, Andrew R Scott
Importance: A protocol for creating exceptionally low-cost 3-dimensional (3-D) maxillofacial skeletal models does not require proficiency with computer software or intensive labor. Small and less affluent centers can produce models with little loss in accuracy and clinical utility. Objectives: To highlight the feasibility and methods of introducing in-house, entry-level additive manufacturing (3-D printing) technology to otolaryngologic craniofacial reconstruction and to describe its clinical applications and limitations, including a comparison with available vendor models...
January 5, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049565/adapting-the-concepts-of-brain-and-cognitive-reserve-to-post-stroke-cognitive-deficits-implications-for-understanding-neglect
#8
Roza M Umarova
Advanced lesion mapping and connectivity analyses are currently the main tools used to understand the mechanisms underlying post-stroke cognitive deficits. However, the factors contributing to pre-stroke architecture of cognitive networks are often ignored, even though they reportedly play a decisive role in the manifestation of cognitive impairment in neurodegeneration. The present review on post-stroke cognitive deficits therefore adopts the concept of brain and cognitive reserve, which was originally developed to account for the individual differences in the course of aging and neurodegenerative diseases...
December 16, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048400/th-b-207b-00-pediatric-image-quality-optimization
#9
Christina Sammet
: This imaging educational program will focus on solutions to common pediatric image quality optimization challenges. The speakers will present collective knowledge on best practices in pediatric imaging from their experience at dedicated children's hospitals. One of the most commonly encountered pediatric imaging requirements for the non-specialist hospital is pediatric CT in the emergency room setting. Thus, this educational program will begin with optimization of pediatric CT in the emergency department...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047755/th-b-207b-01-optimizing-pediatric-ct-in-the-emergency-department
#10
C Dodge
: This imaging educational program will focus on solutions to common pediatric image quality optimization challenges. The speakers will present collective knowledge on best practices in pediatric imaging from their experience at dedicated children's hospitals. One of the most commonly encountered pediatric imaging requirements for the non-specialist hospital is pediatric CT in the emergency room setting. Thus, this educational program will begin with optimization of pediatric CT in the emergency department...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046697/su-f-j-203-retrospective-assessment-of-delivered-proton-dose-in-prostate-cancer-patients-based-on-daily-in-room-ct-imaging
#11
K Stuetzer, T Paessler, C Valentini, F Exner, J Thiele, T Hoelscher, M Krause, C Richter
PURPOSE: Retrospective calculation of the delivered proton dose in prostate cancer patients based on a unique dataset of daily CT images. METHODS: Inter-fractional motion in prostate cancer patients treated at our proton facility is counteracted by water-filled endorectal ballon and bladder filling protocol. Typical plans (XiO, Elekta Instruments AB, Stockholm) for 74 Gy(RBE) sequential boost treatment in 37 fractions include two series of opposing lateral double-scattered proton beams covering the respective iCTV...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046437/th-b-207b-02-optimizing-pediatic-cardiovascular-mri
#12
J Deng
: This imaging educational program will focus on solutions to common pediatric image quality optimization challenges. The speakers will present collective knowledge on best practices in pediatric imaging from their experience at dedicated children's hospitals. One of the most commonly encountered pediatric imaging requirements for the non-specialist hospital is pediatric CT in the emergency room setting. Thus, this educational program will begin with optimization of pediatric CT in the emergency department...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045758/a-virtual-reality-simulation-model-of-spinal-ultrasound-role-in-teaching-spinal-sonoanatomy
#13
Reva Ramlogan, Ahtsham U Niazi, Rongyu Jin, James Johnson, Vincent W Chan, Anahi Perlas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound assessment of the lumbar spine improves the success of spinal and epidural anesthesia, especially for patients with underlying difficult anatomy. To assist with the teaching and learning of ultrasound-guided neuraxial anesthesia, we have created an online interactive educational model (http://www.usra.ca/vspine.php and http://pie.med.utoronto.ca/vspine). The aim of the current study was to determine whether the virtual spine model improved the knowledge of neuraxial anatomy and sonoanatomy...
December 29, 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039880/hunger-games-interactive-ultrasound-imaging-for-learning-gastrointestinal-physiology
#14
Ilana Kafer, William Rennie, Ali Noor, John S Pellerito
Ultrasound is playing an increasingly important role in medical student education. Although most uses of ultrasound have focused on learning purely anatomic relationships or augmentation of the physical examination, there is little documentation of the value of ultrasound as a learning tool regarding physiology alone or in association with anatomy. We devised an interactive learning session for first-year medical students using ultrasound to combine both anatomic and physiologic principles as an integration of gastrointestinal and vascular function...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032227/development-of-a-standardized-curriculum-concept-for-continuing-training-in-hernia-surgery-german-hernia-school
#15
R Lorenz, B Stechemesser, W Reinpold, R Fortelny, F Mayer, W Schröder, F Köckerling
INTRODUCTION: The increasingly more complex nature of hernia surgery means that training programs for young surgeons must now meet ever more stringent requirements. There is a growing demand for improved structuring and standardization of education and training in hernia surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2011, the concept of a Hernia School was developed in Germany and has been gradually implemented ever since. That concept comprises the following series of interrelated, tiered course elements: Hernie kompakt (Hernia compact), Hernie konkret (Hernia concrete), and Hernie complex (Hernia complex)...
December 28, 2016: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011844/the-visible-heart%C3%A2-project-and-free-access-website-atlas-of-human-cardiac-anatomy
#16
Paul A Iaizzo
AIMS: Pre- and post-evaluations of implantable cardiac devices require innovative and critical testing in all phases of the design process. The Visible Heart(®) Project was successfully launched in 1997 and 3 years later the Atlas of Human Cardiac Anatomy website was online. The Visible Heart(®) methodologies and Atlas website can be used to better understand human cardiac anatomy, disease states and/or to improve cardiac device design throughout the development process. METHODS AND RESULTS: To date, Visible(®) Heart methodologies have been used to reanimate 75 human hearts, all considered non-viable for transplantation...
December 2016: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009487/implementation-and-modification-of-an-anatomy-based-integrated-curriculum
#17
Brenda J Klement, Douglas F Paulsen, Lawrence E Wineski
Morehouse School of Medicine elected to restructure its first-year medical curriculum by transitioning from a discipline-based to an integrated program. The anatomy course, with regional dissection at its core, served as the backbone for this integration by weaving the content from prior traditional courses into the curriculum around the anatomy topics. There were four primary goals for this restructuring process. Goal 1: develop new integrated courses. Course boundaries were established at locations where logical breaks in anatomy content occurred...
December 23, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007012/effect-of-socio-demographic-characteristics-and-clinical-findings-on-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-chronic-venous-insufficiency
#18
Ebru Soydan, Emel Yılmaz, Hakan Baydur
Objective This study was planned and implemented to evaluate the effect of socio-demographic characteristics and clinical findings on the quality of life of patients with chronic venous insufficiency. Methods The sample of this cross-sectional study consisted of 163 patients that presented with the diagnosis of chronic venous insufficiency to the cardiovascular surgery clinic of an education and research hospital in the west of Turkey. The data were collected during face-to-face interviews using a personal information form, clinical, etiology, anatomy, pathophysiology classification, venous insufficiency epidemiological and economic study-quality of life/symptoms scales and the Short Form-36...
January 1, 2016: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002644/a-novel-phased-concept-course-for-the-delivery-of-anatomy-and-orthopedics-training-in-medical-education
#19
Stefan Klima, Pierre Hepp, Sabine Löffler, Jon Cornwall, Niels Hammer
Integration of anatomy and clinical teaching is a theoretical ideal, yet there is a worldwide paucity of such amalgamation. These teaching models provide support for medical trainees, an important element in Germany where orthopedic intern numbers have declined and anecdotal evidence suggests disinterest in orthopedics. The aim of the study was to develop an integrated anatomy-surgical course for undergraduate medical training, assess the model developed, and explore how medical students perceive orthopedics as a career...
December 21, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990464/human-dissection-in-medical-education-more-than-just-anatomy
#20
Gerd Rehkämper
The dissection course is an essential component of the medical curriculum. Nonetheless, the time expenditure and intensity of supervising the students in this course has been diminishing since the 1970s. That endangers not only the transmission of fundamental knowledge of anatomy. It also concerns key concepts such as establishing values, the concept of humans, and physician competencies, because medical education must be seen not merely as fact-directed instruction but instead should be connected with a mission for professional acculturation...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
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