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Anatomy education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934808/competency-based-teaching-in-radiology-implementation-and-evaluation-of-interactive-workstation-based-learning-to-apply-nklm-based-content
#1
Wolfgang Koestner, Wiebke Otten, Till Kaireit, Frank K Wacker, Sabine Dettmer
Purpose New teaching formats are required to implement competency-based teaching in radiology teaching. Therefore, we have established and evaluated two practical competency-based radiological courses. Materials and Methods The courses were held in a multimedia room with 25 computers and a professional DICOM viewer. Students were taught basic image analysis and presented clinical cases with a DICOM viewer under supervision of an instructor using desktop monitoring software. Two courses (elective course and obligatory course) were evaluated by the students (n = 160 and n = 100) and instructors (n = 9) using an anonymized online survey...
September 21, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932342/complex-coronary-hemodynamics-simple-analog-modelling-as-an-educational-tool
#2
Gaurav R Parikh, Elvis Peter, Nikolaos Kakouros
OBJECTIVE: Invasive coronary angiography remains the cornerstone for evaluation of coronary stenoses despite there being a poor correlation between luminal loss assessment by coronary luminography and myocardial ischemia. This is especially true for coronary lesions deemed moderate by visual assessment. Coronary pressure-derived fractional flow reserve (FFR) has emerged as the gold standard for the evaluation of hemodynamic significance of coronary artery stenosis, which is cost effective and leads to improved patient outcomes...
2017: Open Medical Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931258/simulation-based-education-for-endoscopic-third-ventriculostomy-a-comparison-between-virtual-and-physical-training-models
#3
Gerben E Breimer, Faizal A Haji, Vivek Bodani, Melissa S Cunningham, Adriana-Lucia Lopez-Rios, Allan Okrainec, James M Drake
BACKGROUND: The relative educational benefits of virtual reality (VR) and physical simulation models for endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) have not been evaluated "head to head." OBJECTIVE: To compare and identify the relative utility of a physical and VR ETV simulation model for use in neurosurgical training. METHODS: Twenty-three neurosurgical residents and 3 fellows performed an ETV on both a physical and VR simulation model. Trainees rated the models using 5-point Likert scales evaluating the domains of anatomy, instrument handling, procedural content, and the overall fidelity of the simulation...
February 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924737/contribution-to-the-anatomical-nomenclature-concerning-lower-limb-anatomy
#4
David Kachlik, Vladimir Musil, Vaclav Baca
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to extend and revise the sections of Terminologia Anatomica (TA) dealing with the lower limb structures and to justify the use of newly proposed anatomical terms in clinical medicine, education, and research. METHODS: Anatomical terms were gathered during our educational experience from anatomical textbooks and journals and compared with the four previous editions of the official Latin anatomical nomenclature. RESULTS: The authors summarise 270 terms with their definitions and explanations for both constant and variable morphological structures (bones, joints, muscles, vessels, nerves and superficial structures) of the hip, thigh, knee, leg, ankle, and foot completed with several grammatical remarks and some general anatomical terms...
September 18, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922705/from-ancient-to-avant-garde-a-review-of-traditional-and-modern-multimodal-approaches-to-surgical-anatomy-education
#5
REVIEW
Minhao Hu, David Wattchow, Dayan de Fontgalland
The landscape of surgical anatomy education is progressively changing. Traditional methods, such as cadaveric dissection and didacticism are being increasingly phased out in undergraduate courses for multimodal approaches incorporating problem-based learning, radiology and computer-based simulations. Although effective at clinically contextualizing and integrating anatomical information, these approaches may be a poor substitute for fostering a grasp of foundational 'pure' anatomy. Dissection is ideal for this purpose and hence remains the cornerstone of anatomical education...
September 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918826/islamic-medicine-in-the-middle-ages
#6
EDITORIAL
Hawa Edriss, Brittany N Rosales, Connie Nugent, Christian Conrad, Kenneth Nugent
The Islamic culture flourished between the 9th and 13th centuries. Scholars from this era made significant contributions in mathematics, science and medicine. Caliphs and physicians built hospitals that provided universal care and the foundation for medical education. Physician-scientists made significant advances in medical care, surgery and pharmacology. Notable authorities include al-Razi (865-925 CE) who wrote the Kitab al-Hawi fi al-tibb (The Comprehensive Book on Medicine), a 23-volume textbook that provided the main medical curriculum for European schools into the 14th century...
September 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916842/how-interindividual-differences-in-brain-anatomy-shape-reading-accuracy
#7
Arnaud Cachia, Margot Roell, Jean-François Mangin, Zhong Yi Sun, Antoinette Jobert, Lucia Braga, Olivier Houde, Stanislas Dehaene, Grégoire Borst
The capacity to read develops throughout intensive academic learning and training. Several studies have investigated the impact of reading on the brain, and particularly how the anatomy of the brain changes with reading acquisition. In the present study, we investigated the converse issue, namely whether and how reading acquisition is constrained by the anatomy of the brain. Using multimodal MRI, we found that (a) the pattern (continuous or interrupted sulcus) of the posterior part of the left lateral occipito-temporal sulcus (OTS) hosting the visual word form area (VWFA) predicts reading skills in adults; that (b) this effect is modulated by the age of reading acquisition; and that (c) the length of the OTS sulcal interruption is associated with reading skills...
September 15, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914990/simulating-the-multi-disciplinary-care-team-approach-enhancing-student-understanding-of-anatomy-through-an-ultrasound-anchored-interprofessional-session
#8
Marianne T Luetmer, Beth A Cloud, James W Youdas, Wojciech Pawlina, Nirusha Lachman
Quality of healthcare delivery is dependent on collaboration between professional disciplines. Integrating opportunities for interprofessional learning in health science education programs prepares future clinicians to function as effective members of a multi-disciplinary care team. This study aimed to create a modified team-based learning (TBL) environment utilizing ultrasound technology during an interprofessional learning activity to enhance musculoskeletal anatomy knowledge of first year medical (MD) and physical therapy (PT) students...
September 15, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914982/production-of-accurate-skeletal-models-of-domestic-animals-using-three-dimensional-scanning-and-printing-technology
#9
Fangzheng Li, Chunying Liu, Xuexiong Song, Yanjun Huan, Shansong Gao, Zhongling Jiang
Access to adequate anatomical specimens can be an important aspect in learning the anatomy of domestic animals. In this study, the authors utilized a structured light scanner and fused deposition modeling (FDM) printer to produce highly accurate animal skeletal models. First, various components of the bovine skeleton, including the femur, the fifth rib, and the sixth cervical (C6) vertebra were used to produce digital models. These were then used to produce 1:1 scale physical models with the FDM printer. The anatomical features of the digital models and three-dimensional (3D) printed models were then compared with those of the original skeletal specimens...
September 15, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906599/dual-extrusion-3d-printing-of-anatomical-models-for-education
#10
Michelle L Smith, James F X Jones
Two material 3D printing is becoming increasingly popular, inexpensive and accessible. In this paper, freely available printable files and dual extrusion fused deposition modelling were combined to create a number of functional anatomical models. To represent muscle and bone FilaFlex(3D) flexible filament and polylactic acid (PLA) filament were extruded respectively via a single 0.4 mm nozzle using a Big Builder printer. For each filament, cubes (5 mm(3) ) were printed and analyzed for X, Y, and Z accuracy...
September 14, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906598/is-the-supply-of-continuing-education-in-the-anatomical-sciences-keeping-up-with-the-demand-results-of-a-national-survey
#11
Adam B Wilson, J Bradley Barger, Patricia Perez, William S Brooks
Continuing education (CE) is an essential element in the life-long learning of health care providers and educators. Despite the importance of the anatomical sciences in the training and practice of clinicians, no studies have examined the need/state of anatomy-related CE nationally. This study assessed the current landscape of CE in the anatomical sciences to contextualize preferences for CE, identify factors that influence the perceived need for CE, and examine the association between supply and demand. Surveys were distributed to educators in the anatomical sciences, practicing physical therapists (PTs), and anatomy training programs across the United States...
September 14, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881412/benefits-of-extracurricular-participation-in-dissection-in-a-prosection-based-medical-anatomy-program
#12
Alexander Whelan, John J Leddy, Christopher J Ramnanan
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extracurricular cadaveric dissection program available to medical students at an institution with a modern (time-compressed, student-centered, and prosection-based) approach to medical anatomy education. Quantitative (Likert-style questions) and qualitative data (thematic analysis of open-ended commentary) were collated from a survey of three medical student cohorts who had completed preclerkship. Perceived benefits of dissection included the hands-on learning style and the development of anatomy expertise, while the main barrier that limited participation was the time-intensive nature of dissection...
September 7, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879421/the-history-of-rhoton-s-lab
#13
REVIEW
Toshio Matsushima, J Richard Lister, Ken Matsushima, Evandro de Oliveira, Erdener Timurkaynak, David A Peace, Shigeaki Kobayashi
The work performed in Dr. Rhoton's Lab, represented by over 500 publications on microneurosurgical anatomy, greatly contributed to improving the level of neurosurgical treatment throughout the world. The authors reviewed the development and activities of the Lab over 40 years. Dr. Albert L. Rhoton Jr., the founder of, and leader in, this field, displayed great creativity and ingenuity during his life. He devoted himself to perfecting his study methodology, employing high-definition photos and slides to enhance the quality of his published papers...
September 6, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877098/a-3-dimensional-printed-ultrasound-probe-visuospatial-trainer
#14
Ryan T McKenna, Jesse C Dove, Robert A Ratzlaff, Jose L Diaz-Gomez, Daniel J Cox, Leslie V Simon
Training adult learners to use ultrasound in clinical practice relies on the ability of the learner to apply visuospatial concepts to the anatomy of the human body. We describe a visuospatial trainer that replicates the housing of an ultrasound transducer, through which a linear laser projects light in the same plane and orientation as the ultrasonic sound waves. We use this trainer in combination with a porcine heart dissection laboratory to teach bedside cardiac ultrasound and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE)...
September 4, 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873104/management-of-trauma-and-burn-scars-the-dermatologist-s-role-in-expanding-patient-access-to-care
#15
Nathanial R Miletta, Matthias B Donelan, Chad M Hivnor
Recent advances in laser surgery and our understanding of wound healing have ushered in a new era of trauma and burn scar management. Traditional therapy has centered around scar excision followed by primary closure or tissue replacement with flaps and grafts. This approach represents a perpetuation of the common fallacy that extensive scar improvement requires extensive surgical intervention. Laser surgery in conjunction with pharmacotherapy and minor tissue-conserving surgery produces well-healed and remodeled existing tissue that provides the most natural appearance and function of the skin...
July 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872732/preferences-related-to-the-use-of-mobile-apps-as-dental-patient-educational-aids-a-pilot-study
#16
Courtney E Bohn, Michelle R McQuistan, Susan C McKernan, Natoshia M Askelson
PURPOSE: Numerous patient education apps have been developed to explain dental treatment. The purpose of this study was to assess perceptions and preferences regarding the use of apps in dental settings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four patient education apps describing fixed partial dentures were demonstrated to participants (N = 25). Questions about each app were asked using a semi-structured interview format to assess participants' opinions about each app's content, images, features, and use...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868200/the-open-access-video-collection-project-hernesniemi-s-1001-and-more-microsurgical-videos-of-neurosurgery-a-legacy-for-educational-purposes
#17
Joham Choque-Velasquez, Danil A Kozyrev, Roberto Colasanti, Peeraphong Thiarawat, Patcharin Intarakhao, Behnam Rezai Jahromi, Juha Hernesniemi
BACKGROUND: Neurosurgical educational programs and courses are helpful to improve the quality of training. Moreover, nowadays, online activities may represent a very useful tool to globally enhance neurosurgical education. The "Hernesniemi's 1001 and more microneurosurgical videos" project aims to show the microsurgical style developed by the senior author and his TEAMs in more than 40 years of experience. METHODS: More than 1100 high-definition videos of microneurosurgical operations performed by the senior author were carefully edited...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866126/female-pelvic-anatomy-are-we-there-yet-assessment-of-the-knowledge-of-residents
#18
Mizrahi Sarah, Cosson Michel, Rubod Chrystèle, Giraudet Géraldine
BACKGROUND: Anatomy is considered a keystone in medical education and pelvic anatomy comprehension is the groundwork of the understanding of birthing process and pelvic surgery. The objectives of this study were to assess the state of the knowledge in anatomy of Ob/Gyn residents. MATERIEL AND METHODS: The assessment of pelvic anatomy knowledge of 52 Ob/Gyn residents was performed in a cross-sectional analysis in Lille University Hospital in 2015. A survey was designed with educational and clinical objectives on pelvic anatomy to assess the resident's real level of knowledge...
August 30, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862248/the-allan-burns-mummies-a-history-and-future-prospect-of-an-anatomical-collection
#19
J Lee, G Štrkalj
Acquiring adequate resources for anatomy education has represented a challenge throughout the discipline's long history. A significant number of collections housed in anatomy departments contain human tissue of unknown provenance with some obtained in morally dubious ways. This paper outlines the history and future prospects of one such anatomical assemblage - the Burns Anatomical Collection, currently housed at the University of Maryland (UM). The collection originally contained more than 1000 anatomically prepared mummified human remains...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859922/the-role-of-multiorgan-procurement-for-abdominal-transplant-in-general-surgery-resident-education
#20
Johanna Bayer, Carol-Anne Moulton, Kimberley Monden, Robert M Goldstein, Gregory J McKenna, Giuliano Testa, Richard M Ruiz, Tiffany L Anthony, Nicholas Onaca, Goran B Klintmalm, Peter T W Kim
BACKGROUND: To assess the impact of participation of multiorgan procurement (MP) by general surgery (GS) residents on surgical knowledge and skills, a prospective cohort study of GS residents during transplant surgery rotation was performed. METHODS: Before and after participation in MPs, assessment of knowledge was performed by written pre and post tests and surgical skills by modified Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skill (OSATS) score. Thirty-nine residents performed 84 MPs...
August 25, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
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