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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762912/professional-and-personal-competency-development-in-near-peer-tutors-of-gross-anatomy-a-longitudinal-mixed-methods-study
#1
Simone Alvarez, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz
There are many benefits to peer and near-peer tutoring. The current literature suggests that near-peer teaching within the domain of gross anatomy may lead to the development of numerous competencies for burgeoning medical professionals. The aim of this study was a quantitative and qualitative approach to explore which professional and personal competencies anatomy tutors developed as a result of their teaching activities in a gross anatomy course at a medical school in Germany. For a period of 18 months, 24 peer tutors were followed and queried multiple times via questionnaire and semi-structured interviews...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762910/-why-did-you-really-do-it-a-mixed-method-analysis-of-the-factors-underpinning-motivations-to-register-as-a-body-donor
#2
Jon Cornwall, Zoe Poppelwell, Ruth McManus
Individuals who register as body donors do so for various reasons, with aiding medical science a common motivation. Despite awareness of several key reasons for donation, there are few in-depth explorations of these motivations to contextualize persons' reasons for donating. This study undertakes a mixed-method exploration of motivations for body donation to facilitate deeper understanding of the reasons underpinning donor registration. A survey of all newly registered body donors at a New Zealand university was performed over a single year...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762904/the-design-and-evaluation-of-a-master-of-science-program-in-anatomical-sciences-at-queen-s-university-canada
#3
Klodiana Kolomitro, Leslie W MacKenzie, David Wiercigroch, Lorraine Godden
The purpose of this study was to describe the design and evolution of a unique and successful Master of Science program in anatomical sciences at one Canadian post-secondary institution and to evaluate its long-term impact on student learning. This program prepares students to teach anatomy and design curricula in the anatomical sciences and is structured around three pillars of competency-content (disciplinary knowledge and transferable skills), pedagogy, and inquiry. Graduates of the program from the last ten years were surveyed, to better understand the knowledge, skills, and habits of mind they have adopted and implemented since completion...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762903/the-role-of-anatomy-computer-assisted-learning-on-spatial-abilities-of-medical-students
#4
Bruno Guimarães, João Firmino-Machado, Stanislav Tsisar, Benedita Viana, Marco Pinto-Sousa, Pedro Vieira-Marques, Ricardo Cruz-Correia, Maria Amélia Ferreira
Currently, medical education context poses different challenges to anatomy, contributing to the introduction of new pedagogical approaches, such as computer-assisted learning (CAL). This approach provides insight into students' learning profiles and skills that enhance anatomy knowledge acquisition. To understand the influence of anatomy CAL on spatial abilities, a study was conducted. A total of 671 medical students attending Musculoskeletal (MA) and Cardiovascular Anatomy (CA) courses, were allocated to one of three groups (MA Group, CA Group, MA + CA Group)...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761527/a-quality-study-to-explore-rationale-for-pregnant-women-to-decline-transvaginal-cervical-length-screening
#5
Matthew Keller, Adriane Burgess, James Hole, Margaret Warren, Jessica Burkindine, Mary Jo Johnson
OBJECTIVES: To identify patient rationale for pregnant women to decline transvaginal cervical length screening. METHODS: Survey data from 511 women presenting for second-trimester anatomy and transvaginal cervical length sonography were collected during a 4-month period from September 2016 to January 2017. Each patient completed a medical questionnaire that includes demographic and obstetric history data and a survey to document their acceptance or declination of transvaginal cervical length screening...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760363/-education-of-physiology-in-nursing-school-common-issues-and-measures-with-pharmacology
#6
Yuka Saeki
Anatomy, physiology or pharmacology is the important subject in nursing education. Nursing education is established in a law since 1951. Although the law is revised many times according to social situation, the subjects like physiology have been positioned as a basic specialized subject in the law now. Physiology is educated at 1st grade in most nursing school. However, there are some problems in educating physiology. First, academic ability in nursing students tend to decline recently. For example, there are some students who cannot solve simple arithmetic...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760066/socioeconomic-status-moderates-age-related-differences-in-the-brain-s-functional-network-organization-and-anatomy-across-the-adult-lifespan
#7
Micaela Y Chan, Jinkyung Na, Phillip F Agres, Neil K Savalia, Denise C Park, Gagan S Wig
An individual's environmental surroundings interact with the development and maturation of their brain. An important aspect of an individual's environment is his or her socioeconomic status (SES), which estimates access to material resources and social prestige. Previous characterizations of the relation between SES and the brain have primarily focused on earlier or later epochs of the lifespan (i.e., childhood, older age). We broaden this work to examine the relationship between SES and the brain across a wide range of human adulthood (20-89 years), including individuals from the less studied middle-age range...
May 14, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759952/head-and-neck-anatomy-effect-of-focussed-near-peer-teaching-on-anatomical-confidence-in-undergraduate-medical-students
#8
Simon Morris, Max Sallis Osborne, Duncan Bowyer
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of near-peer head and neck anatomy teaching on undergraduates and to quantify the benefit from a focussed teaching course. Near-peer teaching involves colleagues within close seniority and age proximity teaching one another on a specified topic. DESIGN: Small group teaching sessions were delivered to medical students on 3 key areas of ENT anatomy. Participants were given a precourse and postcourse questionnaire to determine the benefit attained from the course...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757817/brief-report-of-a-novel-advanced-practice-provider-led-course-for-ultrasound-novices
#9
Christan D Santos, Mariah Q Rose, Amanda D Tomlinson, Diane C McLaughlin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Formal training for ultrasound use is essential for critical care providers. Despite a national increase in the utilization of advanced practice providers in critical care, ultrasound education is not routinely provided in their training programs. This study describes and evaluates a 1-day advanced care provider (APP)-led course designed to provide fellow APPs with the skills to obtain and evaluate basic ultrasound images. METHODS: A 15-question pretest was administered via anonymous use of a clicker response system...
February 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744824/usefulness-of-personalized-three-dimensional-printed-model-on-the-satisfaction-of-preoperative-education-for-patients-undergoing-robot-assisted-partial-nephrectomy-and-their-families
#10
Jun Teishima, Yukihiro Takayama, Shogo Iwaguro, Tetsutaro Hayashi, Shogo Inoue, Keisuke Hieda, Shunsuke Shinmei, Ryoji Kato, Koji Mita, Akio Matsubara
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the usefulness of a personalized three-dimensional (3D) printed model of the kidney for preoperative education among patients who underwent robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN). METHODS: Twenty-nine cases of patients who planned to undergo RAPN and 19 of their families participated in this study. A three-dimensional model consisting of the kidney, tumors, ureter, inferior vena cava, and abdominal aorta in each case was generated using a Z Printer 450 based on the findings of preoperative enhanced CT...
May 9, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742328/anonymous-body-or-first-patient-a-status-report-and-needs-assessment-regarding-the-personalization-of-donors-in-dissection-courses-in-german-austrian-and-swiss-medical-schools
#11
Friederike Hasselblatt, David A C Messerer, Oliver Keis, Tobias M Böckers, Anja Böckers
Many Anglo-American universities have undertaken a paradigm shift in how the dissection of human material is approached, such that students are encouraged to learn about the lives of body donors, and to respectfully "personalize" them as human beings, rather than treating the specimens as anonymous cadavers. For the purposes of this study, this provision of limited personal information regarding the life of a body donor will be referred to as "personalization" of body donors. At this time, it is unknown whether this paradigm shift in the personalization of body donors can be translated into the German-speaking world...
May 6, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741720/nerve-surgeons-assessment-of-the-role-of-eduard-pernkopf-s-atlas-of-topographic-and-applied-human-anatomy-in-surgical-practice
#12
Andrew Yee, Demetrius M Coombs, Sabine Hildebrandt, William E Seidelman, J Henk Coert, Susan E Mackinnon
BACKGROUND: Pernkopf's atlas of Anatomy contains anatomical plates with detailed images of the peripheral nerves. Its use is controversial due to the author's association with the "Third Reich" and the potential depiction of victims of the Holocaust. The ethical implications of using this atlas for informing surgical planning have not been assessed. OBJECTIVE: To (1) assess the role of Pernkopf's atlas in nerve surgeons' current practice and (2) determine whether a proposal for its ethical handling may provide possible guidance for use in surgery and surgical education...
May 8, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732601/longitudinal-ultrasound-curriculum-incorporation-at-west-virginia-university-school-of-medicine-a-description-and-graduating-students-perceptions
#13
Joseph Minardi, Holly Ressetar, Theresa Foreman, Kristen Craig, Melinda Sharon, John Bassler, Stephen Davis, Anthony Machi, Scott Cottrell, Nicolas Denne, Norman Ferrari, Kenneth Landreth, Bruce Palmer, Gregory Schaefer, Robert Tallaksen, David Wilks, Dorian Williams
OBJECTIVES: Sonography is a clinical tool being incorporated in multiple medical specialties with evidence of improved patient care and cost. Some schools have begun implementing ultrasound curricula. We hope to build upon that foundation and provide another potential framework of incorporation. There are several barriers, including curricular space, equipment and physical space, adequate faculty, and performing assessment. METHODS: At West Virginia University, we began a longitudinal ultrasound curriculum in 2012 with incorporation of didactic and practical sessions into gross anatomy, our systems-based second-year curriculum, physical diagnosis course, and clinical rotations...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724984/a-study-on-the-korean-medicine-education-and-the-changes-in-the-traditional-korean-medicine-during-the-japanese-colonial-era-focused-on-the-korean-medicine-training-schools
#14
Yongyuan Huang
The modern education institutes play an important role in fostering professional talents, reproducing knowledge and studies, and forming the identities of certain academic fields and vocational communities. It is a matter of common knowledge that the absence of an official Korean medicine medical school during the Japanese colonial era was a severely disadvantageous factor in the aspects of academic progress, fostering follow-up personnel, and establishment of social capability. Therefore, the then Korean medicine circle put emphasis on inadequate official education institutes as the main factor behind oppression...
April 2018: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724800/the-importance-of-quality-in-pulmonary-v-q-imaging
#15
April Mann, Mario DiDea, France Fournier, Daniel Tempesta, Jessica Williams, Norman LaFrance
As the healthcare environment continues to change and morph into a system focusing on increased quality and evidence-based outcomes, nuclear medicine technologists must be reminded they play a critical role in achieving high quality interpretable images used to drive patient care, treatments and best possible outcomes. A survey performed by the Quality Committee, Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging-Technologist Section demonstrated a clear knowledge gap exists amongst technologists regarding their understanding of quality, how it is measured, and how it should be achieved throughout all practicing technologists despite role and education level...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708268/ultrasonography-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-systematic-review
#16
Joshua J Davis, Corinne E Wessner, Jacqueline Potts, Arthur K Au, Charles A Pohl, J Matthew Fields
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the evidence of educational outcomes associated with teaching ultrasonography (US) to medical students. METHODS: A review of databases through 2016 was conducted for research studies that reported data on teaching US to medical students. Each title and abstract were reviewed by teams of 2 independent abstractors to determine whether the article would be ordered for full-text review and subsequently by 2 independent authors for inclusion...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707450/development-of-core-syllabus-for-facial-anatomy-teaching-to-aesthetic-physicians-a-delphi-consensus
#17
Narendra Kumar, Arthur Swift, Eqram Rahman
Background: A detailed understanding of facial anatomy, specifically the vascular framework, is crucial for delivering safe nonsurgical aesthetic procedures. To date, there is no core document based on consensus for the teaching of facial anatomy to aesthetic physicians exists. The aim of this study was to ascertain the most critical anatomical structures for avoiding disastrous complications during nonsurgical aesthetic procedures. Methods: After a detailed literature review, Delphi questionnaire was developed listing 154 anatomical structures of the face and neck for consensus review...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705466/effectiveness-of-yoga-and-educational-intervention-on-disability-anxiety-depression-and-pain-in-people-with-clbp-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Goran Kuvačić, Patrizia Fratini, Johnny Padulo, Dello Iacono Antonio, Andrea De Giorgio
OBJECTIVE: The current study investigates the effects of an 8-week yoga program with educational intervention compared with an informational pamphlet on disability, anxiety, depression, and pain, in people affected by chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: Thirty individuals (age 34.2 ± 4.52 yrs) with CLBP were randomly assigned into a Yoga Group (YG, n = 15) and a Pamphlet Group (PG, n = 15). The YG participated in an 8-week (2 days per week) yoga program which included education on spine anatomy/biomechanics and the management of CLBP...
May 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702268/vascular-entrapment-of-both-the-sciatic-and-pudendal-nerve-causing-persistent-sciatica-and-pudendal-neuralgia
#19
Ahmet Kale, Gulfem Basol, Taner Usta, Isa Cam
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the laparoscopic approach to malformed branches of the vessels entrapping the nerves of the sacral plexus. DESIGN: A step-by-step explanation of the surgery using video (instructive video). The Ethics Committee ruled that approval was not required for this video. SETTING: Derince Education and Research Hospital, Turkey PATIENT: : The 26-year-old patient who had failed the medical therapy, complained about numbness and burning pain on the right side of the vagina and pain radiating to the lower limb for approximately 36 months period...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698413/proof-of-concept-of-a-workflow-methodology-for-the-creation-of-basic-canine-head-anatomy-veterinary-education-tool-using-augmented-reality
#20
Roxie Christ, Julien Guevar, Matthieu Poyade, Paul M Rea
Neuroanatomy can be challenging to both teach and learn within the undergraduate veterinary medicine and surgery curriculum. Traditional techniques have been used for many years, but there has now been a progression to move towards alternative digital models and interactive 3D models to engage the learner. However, digital innovations in the curriculum have typically involved the medical curriculum rather than the veterinary curriculum. Therefore, we aimed to create a simple workflow methodology to highlight the simplicity there is in creating a mobile augmented reality application of basic canine head anatomy...
2018: PloS One
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