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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138215/physiology-undergraduate-degree-requirements-in-the-u-s
#1
Valerie S VanRyn, James M Poteracki, Erica A Wehrwein
Course-level learning objectives and core concepts for undergraduate physiology teaching exist. The next step is to consider how these resources fit into generalizable program-level guidelines for Bachelor of Science (BS) degrees in Physiology. In the absence of program-level guidelines for Physiology degree programs, we compiled a selective internal report to review degree requirements from 18 peer BS programs entitled "Physiology" in the United States (U.S.). There was a range of zero to three required semesters of math, physics, physics laboratory, general biology, biology laboratory, general chemistry, chemistry laboratory, organic chemistry, organic chemistry laboratory, biochemistry, biochemistry laboratory, anatomy, anatomy laboratory, core systems physiology, and physiology laboratory...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127734/population-representation-among-anatomical-donors-and-the-implication-for-medical-student-education
#2
Amanda J Collins, Whitney Smith, Eustathia Lela Giannaris, Elizabeth Orvek, Peter Lazar, Jan K Carney, Anne M Gilroy, Max P Rosen
INTRODUCTION: Dissection provides a unique opportunity to integrate anatomical and clinical education. Commonly, cadavers are randomly assigned to courses, which may result in skewed representation of patient populations. The primary aim of this study was to determine if the anatomical donors studied by students at Medical School (MS) accurately represent the disease burden of the local patient population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study compared Medical Center patient claims data and body donation data from the Anatomical Gift Program (AGP)...
November 11, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122473/automated-radiology-operative-note-communication-tool-closing-the-loop-in-musculoskeletal-imaging
#3
William Moore, Ankur Doshi, Priya Bhattacharji, Soterios Gyftopoulos, Gina Ciavarra, Danny Kim, Michael Recht
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Correlation of imaging studies and reference standard outcomes is a significant challenge in radiology. This study evaluates the effectiveness of a new communication tool by assessing the ability of this system to correctly match the imaging studies to arthroscopy reports and qualitatively assessing radiologist behavior before and after the implementation of this system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a commercially available communication or educational tool and applying a novel matching rule algorithm, radiology and arthroscopy reports were matched from January 17, 2017 to March 1, 2017 based on anatomy...
November 6, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120528/student-performance-in-a-flipped-classroom-dental-anatomy-course
#4
S Chutinan, C A Riedy, S E Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess dental student learning in a dental anatomy module between traditional lecture and flipped classroom cohorts. METHODS: Two cohorts of predoctoral dental students (N = 70 within each cohort) participated in a dental anatomy module within an Introduction to the Dental Patient (IDP) course ([traditional/lecture cohort: academic year (AY) 2012, 2013] and [flipped classroom cohort: AY 2014, 2015]). For the dental anatomy module, both cohorts were evaluated on pre-clinical tooth waxing exercises immediately after each of five lectures and tooth identification after all lectures were given...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118066/use-of-a-self-instructional-radiographic-anatomy-module-for-dental-hygiene-faculty-calibration
#5
Jennifer L Brame, Demah Salem AlGheithy, Enrique Platin, Shannon H Mitchell
Purpose: Dental hygiene educators often provide inconsistent instruction in clinical settings and various attempts to address the lack of consistency have been reported in the literature. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine if the use of a use of a self-instructional, radiographic anatomy (SIRA) module improved DH faculty calibration regarding the identifica-tion of normal intraoral and extraoral radiographic anatomy and whether its effect could be sustained over a period of four months.Methods: A convenience sample consisting of all dental hygiene faculty members involved in clinical instruction (N=23) at the University of North Carolina (UNC) was invited to complete the four parts of this online pilot study: a pre-test, review of the SIRA module, an immediate post-test, and a four-month follow-up post-test...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112798/perceptions-of-first-year-medical-students-towards-learning-anatomy-using-cadaveric-specimens-through-peer-teaching
#6
Andee Agius, Neville Calleja, Christian Camenzuli, Roberta Sultana, Richard Pullicino, Christian Zammit, Jean Calleja Agius, Cristoforo Pomara
During the last decade, global interest in the multiple benefits of formal peer teaching has increased. This study aimed to explore the perceptions of first-year medical students towards the use of peer teaching to learn anatomy using cadaveric specimens. A descriptive, cross-sectional, retrospective survey was carried out. Data were collected using an online questionnaire which was administered to all medical students who were in their second year of their medical school curriculum and who had participated in sessions taught by their peers during their first year...
November 7, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112797/exploring-anatomy-and-physiology-using-ipad-applications
#7
Tandra R Chakraborty, Deborah F Cooperstein
This study examined the use of iPads with anatomy applications (apps) in the laboratory sections of the largest undergraduate course at the university, Anatomy and Physiology, serving more than 300 students. The majority of these students were nursing, exercise science/physical education and biology majors. With a student survey (student opinion) and student practicum grades as metrics, this study determined whether the introduction of this novel mobile technology improved student grades and aided the students in learning the course material...
November 7, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112655/multiparous-ewe-as-a-model-for-teaching-vaginal-hysterectomy-techniques
#8
Yohan Kerbage, Michel Cosson, Thomas Hubert, Géraldine Giraudet
BACKGROUND: Despite being linked to improving patient outcomes and limiting costs, the use of vaginal hysterectomy is on the wane. Although a combination of reasons might explain this trend, one cause is a lack of practical training. An appropriate teaching model must therefore be devised. Currently, only low-fidelity simulators exist. Ewes provide an appropriate model for pelvic anatomy and are well-suited for testing vaginal mesh properties. This article sets out a vaginal hysterectomy procedure for use as an education and training model...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112336/what-do-the-public-know-about-anatomy-anatomy-education-to-the-public-and-the-implications
#9
Adam M Taylor, Peter Diggle, Quenton Wessels
Public knowledge of the anatomical "self" is lacking and evidence points towards a growing need for anatomy education to the wider public. The public were offered the opportunity to learn human anatomy and complete an anatomical knowledge survey afterwards. Sixty-three participants volunteered to attempt to place 20 anatomical structures on a blank human body template. Responses were scored independently and then collated. A mixed effects logistic model was used to examine any associations with participants' as a random effect and all other factors as fixed effects...
November 7, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096042/what-type-of-learner-are-your-students-preferred-learning-styles-of-undergraduate-gross-anatomy-students-according-to-the-index-of-learning-styles-questionnaire
#10
Melissa M Quinn, Theodore Smith, Eileen L Kalmar, Jennifer M Burgoon
Students learn and process information in many different ways. Learning styles are useful as they allow instructors to learn more about students, as well as aid in the development and application of useful teaching approaches and techniques. At the undergraduate level there is a noticeable lack of research on learning style preferences of students enrolled in gross anatomy courses. The Index of Learning Styles (ILS) questionnaire was administered to students enrolled in a large enrollment undergraduate gross anatomy course with laboratory to determine their preferred learning styles...
November 2, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078606/depicting-surgical-anatomy-of-the-porta-hepatis-in-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#11
Paul Kelly, Albert Fung, Joy Qu, Paul Greig, Gordon Tait, Jodie Jenkinson, Ian McGilvray, Anne Agur
Visualizing the complex anatomy of vascular and biliary structures of the liver on a case-by-case basis has been challenging. A living donor liver transplant (LDLT) right hepatectomy case, with focus on the porta hepatis, was used to demonstrate an innovative method to visualize anatomy with the purpose of refining preoperative planning and teaching of complex surgical procedures. The production of an animation-enhanced video consisted of many stages including the integration of pre-surgical planning; case-specific footage and 3D models of the liver and associated vasculature, reconstructed from contrast-enhanced CTs...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076227/ahns-series-do-you-know-your-guidelines-review-of-current-knowledge-on-laryngeal-cancer
#12
Akina Tamaki, Brett A Miles, Miriam Lango, Luiz Kowalski, Chad A Zender
The following article is part of a series in an initiative by the American Head and Neck Society's Education Committee and will review clinical practice guidelines for head and neck oncology. The primary goal is to increase awareness of current best practices pertaining to head and neck surgery and oncology. This manuscript is a review of current knowledge in laryngeal cancer with a focus on anatomy, epidemiology, diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment.
October 27, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068813/the-shared-goals-and-distinct-strengths-of-the-medical-humanities-can-the-sum-of-the-parts-be-greater-than-the-whole
#13
Jeremy A Greene, David S Jones
Since the 1960s, faculty from diverse fields have banded together under the banner of the medical humanities, a term which unites art, literature, history, anthropology, religious studies, philosophy, and other disciplines. Arguments for the relevance of medical humanities often emphasize contributions that any of these disciplines can make to medical education, whether those involve empathy, professionalism, critical reasoning, or tolerating ambiguity. The authors argue that the constituent disciplines of the medical humanities are not interchangeable parts, but represent different perspectives and methodologies that offer their own distinct contributions to medical training...
October 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066315/surgery-website-as-a-24-7-adjunct-to-a-surgical-curriculum
#14
Apram Jyot, Mohamed S Baloul, Eric J Finnesgard, Samuel J Allen, Nimesh D Naik, Miguel A Gomez Ibarra, Eduardo F Abbott, Becca Gas, Francisco J Cardenas-Lara, Muhammad H Zeb, Rachel Cadeliña, David R Farley
OBJECTIVE: Successfully teaching duty hour restricted trainees demands engaging learning opportunities. Our surgical educational website and its associated assets were assessed to understand how such a resource was being used. DESIGN: Our website was accessible to all Mayo Clinic employees via the internal web network. Website access data from April 2015 through October 2016 were retrospectively collected using Piwik. SETTING: Academic, tertiary care referral center with a large general surgery training program...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066133/enhancement-of-cricothyroidotomy-education-using-a-novel-technique-cadaver-autografting
#15
Ryan F Coughlin, Iris Chandler, John C Binford, James W Bonz, David C Hile
BACKGROUND: Cricothyroidotomy is a lifesaving procedure required in up to 2% of emergent airways. Emergency medicine training programs frequently instruct this procedure via cadaver training, but cadaver cost and availability limit the opportunity for all trainees to perform the critical initial skin incision. Cadaver autografting is a novel way to simulate all steps of the procedure. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to determine whether the technique of autografting cadaver tissue improves the experience of cricothyroidotomy simulation education for emergency medicine trainees...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064555/does-simulation-based-training-facilitate-the-integration-of-human-anatomy-with-surgery-a-report-of-a-novel-surgical-anatomy-course
#16
Kamil Torres, Marta Denisow-Pietrzyk, Łukasz Pietrzyk, Ryszard Maciejewski, Anna Torres
Knowledge of gross anatomy, as a basic core subject, is fundamental for medical students and essential to medical practitioners, particularly for those intending a surgical career. However, both medical students and clinical teachers have found a significant gap in teaching basic sciences and the transition into clinical skills. The authors present a Surgical Anatomy Course developed to teach the anatomical basis of surgical procedures with particular emphasis on laparoscopic skills while incorporating medical simulation...
October 24, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061457/3d-printed-craniosynostosis-model-a-new-simulation-surgical-tool
#17
Enrico Ghizoni, João Paulo Sant Ana Santos de Souza, Cassio Eduardo Raposo-Amaral, Rafael Denadai, Humberto Belém de Aquino, Cesar Augusto Raposo-Amaral, Andrei Fernandes Joaquim, Helder Tedeschi, Luís Fernando Bernardes, André L Jardini
BACKGROUND: Craniosynostosis is a complex disease once it involves deep anatomical perception, and a minor mistake during surgery can be fatal. The objective of this report is to present novel three-dimensional (3D)-printed polyamide craniosynostosis models that can improve the understanding and treatment complex pathologies. METHODS: The software InVesalius was used for segmentation of the anatomy image (from three patients between 6 and 9 months old). Afterward, the file was transferred to a Three-Dimensional Printing (3DP) system and, with the use of an infrared laser, slices of powder PA 2200 were consecutively added to build a polyamide model of cranial bone...
October 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060703/brainwatch-software-for-interactive-exploration-of-brain-scans-in-3d-virtual-reality-systems
#18
S Koby Taswell, Teja Veeramacheneni, Carl Taswell
The ability to view medical images as 3D objects, which can be explored interactively, has now become possible due to the advent of rapidly emerging virtual reality (VR) technologies. In the past, VR has been used as an educational tool for learning anatomy, a visualization tool for assisting surgery, and a therapeutic tool for rehabilitating patients with motor disorders. However, these older systems were either expensive to build or difficult to acquire and use. Exploiting the arrival of new consumer devices such as the Oculus Rift that are now affordable, we have developed a software application called BrainWatch for VR ready computers to enable 3D visualization and interactive exploration of DICOM data sets focusing on PET and MRI brain scans...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059269/the-practice-and-implications-of-finding-fluid-during-point-of-care-ultrasonography-a-review
#19
Rachel B Liu, Joseph H Donroe, Robert L McNamara, Howard P Forman, Chris L Moore
Importance: Point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) is an increasingly affordable and portable technology that is an important part of 21st-century medicine. When appropriately used, POCUS has the potential to expedite diagnosis and improve procedural success and safety. POCUS is now being adopted in medical education as early as the first year of medical school. While potentially powerful and versatile, POCUS is a user-dependent technology that has not been formalized or standardized yet within internal medicine residency training programs...
October 23, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057569/the-development-of-a-core-syllabus-for-the-teaching-of-oral-anatomy-histology-and-embryology-to-dental-students-via-an-international-delphi-panel
#20
Bernard John Moxham, Stephen McHanwell, Barry Berkovitz
The formulation of core syllabuses for the biomedical sciences within medical and dental courses is partially driven by the need to cope with decreased time allocations for these subjects as a result of major curricular changes taking place worldwide. There is also a requirement to deal with the request for increased clinical relevance. In response to such demands, the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists (IFAA) is devising core syllabuses for the anatomical sciences relating to the education and training of both scientific and clinical professions...
October 23, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
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