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Anatomy education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808803/a-prototype-educational-model-for-hepatobiliary-interventions-unveiling-the-role-of-graphic-designers-in-medical-3d-printing
#1
Ramin Javan, Merissa N Zeman
In the context of medical three-dimensional (3D) printing, in addition to 3D reconstruction from cross-sectional imaging, graphic design plays a role in developing and/or enhancing 3D-printed models. A custom prototype modular 3D model of the liver was graphically designed depicting segmental anatomy of the parenchyma containing color-coded hepatic vasculature and biliary tree. Subsequently, 3D printing was performed using transparent resin for the surface of the liver and polyamide material to develop hollow internal structures that allow for passage of catheters and wires...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799849/public-health-activist-skills-pyramid-a-model-for-implementing-health-in-all-policies
#2
Behzad Damari, Elham Ehsani Chimeh
Affecting public health for society requires various competencies. In fact, the prerequisite for the implementation of health in all policies should be effectiveness of public health activists (PHAs) in these competencies. This study aims to determine the competencies of the activists in public health. The present qualitative study reviewed the literature and adopted qualitative methods like content analysis, stakeholder interviews, and conducted focus group discussions with related experts. In each stage, the required competencies were extracted through drawing the main action processes of a PHA...
August 11, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795411/does-ultrasound-enhanced-instruction-of-musculoskeletal-anatomy-improve-physical-examination-skills-of-first-year-medical-students
#3
Bryant J Walrod, Allison Schroeder, Mark J Conroy, Laura C Boucher, Marcia Bockbrader, David P Way, Kendra L McCamey, Clinton A Hartz, Michael A Jonesco, David P Bahner
OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound imaging is commonly used to teach basic anatomy to medical students. The purpose of this study was to determine whether learning musculoskeletal anatomy with ultrasound improved performance on medical students' musculoskeletal physical examination skills. METHODS: Twenty-seven first-year medical students were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 instructional groups: either shoulder or knee. Both groups received a lecture followed by hands-on ultrasound scanning on live human models of the assigned joint...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789690/first-year-medical-students-learning-style-preferences-and-their-correlation-with-performance-in-different-subjects-within-the-medical-course
#4
Daniel Hernández-Torrano, Syed Ali, Chee-Kai Chan
BACKGROUND: Students commencing their medical training arrive with different educational backgrounds and a diverse range of learning experiences. Consequently, students would have developed preferred approaches to acquiring and processing information or learning style preferences. Understanding first-year students' learning style preferences is important to success in learning. However, little is understood about how learning styles impact learning and performance across different subjects within the medical curriculum...
August 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774521/a-comparison-of-undergraduate-clinical-ophthalmology-learning-methods-smart-phone-television-display-versus-slit-lamp-teaching-telescope
#5
Sandy Zhou Wenting, Margaret Million Samin, Srinivasan Sanjay, Kumari Neelam, Khalil Shibli, Su Chang, Jason Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To compare medical students' preference of smart phone television display (SPTD) to a slit-lamp teaching telescope (SLTT) in undergraduate clinical ophthalmology education. METHODS: This is a randomized, crossover, comparative study. Pairs of medical students were randomly assigned to 2 teaching sessions using either SPTD first followed by SLTT or in reverse order. Students were asked to give feedback on the 2 teaching devices by answering 6 questions using a numeric rating score from 1 to 10...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761752/cecog-educational-illustrations-the-blood-brain-barrier-and-its-relevance-for-targeted-cancer-therapies-and-immuno-oncology
#6
Matthias Preusser, Anna S Berghoff, Christiane Thallinger, Christoph Zielinski
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) protects the central nervous system (CNS) from potentially harmful substances and molecules by limiting their influx from the blood stream into the brain parenchyma. Understanding the structure and functioning of the BBB is of major importance for the development of effective medical treatments for primary and secondary brain tumours. Therefore, we provide here a concise and illustrated educational description of the anatomy and physiology of the BBB and current concepts on its role for targeted cancer therapies and immuno-oncology...
2017: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761386/effectiveness-of-teaching-facial-anatomy-through-cadaver-dissection-on-aesthetic-physicians-knowledge
#7
Narendra Kumar, Eqram Rahman
BACKGROUND: Cadaver dissection for anatomy training provides an opportunity to understand the precise nature of human tissues with their clinical and structural relationships. This study assessed the effectiveness of this practical educational intervention for teaching applied facial anatomy on the knowledge and confidence of aesthetic physicians. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 168 aesthetic physicians underwent facial applied anatomy training for 2 days at The Academia, Singapore...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760784/tablet-technology-in-medical-education-in-south-africa-a-mixed-methods-study
#8
L Lazarus, R Sookrajh, K S Satyapal
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to establish the use of mobile devices by learners at a selected medical school. Distribution of mobile devices was an inaugural initiative implemented by our college. DESIGN: A mixed methodology design using a questionnaire comprising both open-ended and close-ended questions was analysed from 179 (60 male; 119 female) second year medical students registered for the Anatomy course. Open-ended questions were analysed using a thematic approach by identifying emergent ideas and concepts...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759739/online-embryology-teaching-using-learning-management-systems-appears-to-be-a-successful-additional-learning-tool-among-egyptian-medical-students
#9
Ahmed Farid Al-Neklawy
Although the traditional didactic lecture is considered to be efficient for presenting information and providing explanations, it usually does not provide adequate time for deeper learning activities. So, traditional lecture is one of the most widely criticized educational methods. Virtual learning environment (VLE) is a specially designed environment that facilitates teachers' management of educational courses for their students, using computer hardware and software, which involves distance learning. In this study, we evaluated the experiment of online teaching of General Embryology for Egyptian undergraduate medical students using WizIQ learning management system...
July 29, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759705/validation-of-clay-modeling-as-a-learning-tool-for-the-periventricular-structures-of-the-human-brain
#10
Veronica Akle, Ricardo A Peña-Silva, Diego M Valencia, Carlos W Rincón-Perez
Visualizing anatomical structures and functional processes in three dimensions (3D) are important skills for medical students. However, contemplating 3D structures mentally and interpreting biomedical images can be challenging. This study examines the impact of a new pedagogical approach to teaching neuroanatomy, specifically how building a 3D-model from oil-based modeling clay affects learners' understanding of periventricular structures of the brain among undergraduate medical students in Colombia. Students were provided with an instructional video before building the models of the structures, and thereafter took a computer-based quiz...
July 31, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756508/orthopedic-resident-s-learning-curve-for-arthroscopic-subscapularis-tendon-repair-short-term-clinical-and-radiographic-outcomes
#11
E Visonà, S Vio, G Franceschi, A Maron, K Corona, S Cerciello, G Merolla, A Berizzi, R Aldegheri
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic subscapularis (SSC) repair is a technically demanding procedure with a long learning curve. As effective completion of resident's practical experience remains controversial, a prospective clinical study was performed to assess the functional and anatomical outcomes of subscapularis (SSC) arthroscopic repair by orthopedic residents. The pathological anatomy of the tears, the surgical approach and the difficulties encountered at the beginning of the learning curve were reported...
July 29, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753247/take-away-body-parts-an-investigation-into-the-use-of-3d-printed-anatomical-models-in-undergraduate-anatomy-education
#12
Claire F Smith, Nicholas Tollemache, Derek Covill, Malcolm Johnston
Understanding the three-dimensional (3D) nature of the human form is imperative for effective medical practice and the emergence of 3D printing creates numerous opportunities to enhance aspects of medical and healthcare training. A recently deceased, un-embalmed donor was scanned through high-resolution computed tomography. The scan data underwent segmentation and post-processing and a range of 3D-printed anatomical models were produced. A four-stage mixed-methods study was conducted to evaluate the educational value of the models in a medical program...
July 28, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746289/management-of-scaphoid-fractures
#13
Jason H Ko, Mitchell A Pet, Joseph S Khouri, Warren C Hammert
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After reading this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand the epidemiology, classification, and anatomy pertinent to the scaphoid. 2. Appropriately evaluate a patient with suspected scaphoid fracture, including appropriate imaging. 3. Understand the indications for operative treatment of scaphoid fractures, and be familiar with the various surgical approaches. 4. Describe the treatment options for scaphoid nonunion and avascular necrosis of the proximal pole...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740398/focusing-on-a-complete-blood-cell-parameter-mean-platelet-volume-levels-may-be-a-predictor-of-coronary-slow-flow
#14
Mücahid Yılmaz, Mustafa Necati Dağlı, Ökkeş Uku, Mehmet Nail Bilen, Hasan Korkmaz, Kenan Erdem, Ertuğrul Kurtoğlu
BACKGROUND: The relationship between increased mean platelet volume (MPV) and atherosclerosis is well known. In the present study, MPV in patients with coronary slow flow (CSF) and in cases with normal coronary anatomy (NCA) was investigated and compared with the aim of identifying the relationship between CSF and MPV. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 40 patients previously determined via coronary angiography as having NCA and 40 patients with CSF in the coronary blood stream, as identified by thrombolysis in myocardial infarction square...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736399/competency-based-medical-education-studying-live-anatomy-by-ultrasound
#15
Graziano Serrao, Massimo Tassoni, Alberto M Magenta-Biasina, Antonio G Mantero, Antonino M Previtera, Michela C Turci, Elia M Biganzoli, Emanuela M Bertolini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733926/perioperative-management-of-endocrine-insufficiency-after-total-pancreatectomy-for-neoplasia
#16
REVIEW
Ajay V Maker, Raashid Sheikh, Vinita Bhagia
PURPOSE: Indications for total pancreatectomy (TP) have increased, including for diffuse main duct intrapapillary mucinous neoplasms of the pancreas and malignancy; therefore, the need persists for surgeons to develop appropriate endocrine post-operative management strategies. The brittle diabetes after TP differs from type 1/2 diabetes in that patients have absolute deficiency of insulin and functional glucagon. This makes glucose management challenging, complicates recovery, and predisposes to hospital readmissions...
July 21, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730240/a-16-year-retrospective-study-of-dacryocystitis-in-adult-patients-in-the-moldavia-region-romania
#17
Claudia Florida Costea, Gabriela FlorenŢa Dumitrescu, Mihaela Dana Turliuc, Gabriela Dimitriu, Mădălina Adriana Chihaia, Lucia Indrei, Nicoleta Dumitrescu, Andrei Cucu, Alexandru Cărăuleanu, Cristina Maria Gavrilescu, Irina Iuliana Costache
PURPOSE: Chronic dacryocystitis (CD) is an inflammation of the lacrimal sac and nasolacrimal duct with a long-standing evolution. The aims of this study were to analyze the epidemiology and to evaluate the histopathological features and the chronic inflammation score (CIS) system of chronic dacryocystitis in the region of Moldavia, Romania, over a period of 16 years. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective descriptive analysis of all pathological reports of chronic dacryocystitis from the Department of Pathology, "Prof...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727593/understanding-moisture-associated-skin-damage-medical-adhesive-related-skin-injuries-and-skin-tears
#18
Karen Zulkowski
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide information on superficial skin issues related to moisture-associated skin damage, medical adhesive-related skin injury, and skin tears. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1...
August 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719722/learning-anatomy-through-thiel-vs-formalin-embalmed-cadavers-student-perceptions-of-embalming-methods-and-effect-on-functional-anatomy-knowledge
#19
Larissa Kennel, David M A Martin, Hannah Shaw, Tracey Wilkinson
Thiel-embalmed cadavers, which have been adopted for use in anatomy teaching in relatively few universities, show greater flexibility and color retention compared to formalin-embalmed cadavers, properties which might be considered advantageous for anatomy teaching. This study aimed to investigate student attitudes toward the dissection experience with Thiel- compared to formalin/ethanol-embalmed cadavers. It also aimed to determine if one embalming method is more advantageous in terms of learning functional anatomy through the comparison of student anterior forearm functional anatomy knowledge...
July 18, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719062/immersive-virtual-reality-as-a-teaching-tool-for-neuroanatomy
#20
Katelyn Stepan, Joshua Zeiger, Stephanie Hanchuk, Anthony Del Signore, Raj Shrivastava, Satish Govindaraj, Alfred Iloreta
BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) computer modeling and interactive virtual reality (VR) simulation are validated teaching techniques used throughout medical disciplines. Little objective data exists supporting its use in teaching clinical anatomy. Learner motivation is thought to limit the rate of utilization of such novel technologies. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness, satisfaction, and motivation associated with immersive VR simulation in teaching medical students neuroanatomy...
July 18, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
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