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Anatomy education

Volkan Coskun, Ellen M Carpenter
The last 40 years have seen a remarkable increase in the teaching of neuroscience at the undergraduate level. From its origins as a component of anatomy or physiology departments to its current status as an independent interdisciplinary field, neuroscience has become the chosen field of study for many undergraduate students, particularly for those interested in medical school or graduate school in neuroscience or related fields. We examined how life science-based neuroscience education is offered at large public universities in the Western United States...
December 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Research
Jean Langlois, Christian Bellemare, Josée Toulouse, George A Wells
Anatomy knowledge has been found to include both spatial and non-spatial components. However, no systematic evaluation of studies relating spatial abilities and anatomy knowledge has been undertaken. The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the relationship between spatial abilities test and anatomy knowledge assessment. A literature search was done up to March 20, 2014 in Scopus and in several databases on the OvidSP and EBSCOhost platforms. Of the 556 citations obtained, 38 articles were identified and fully reviewed yielding 21 eligible articles and their quality were formally assessed...
October 12, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
Katherine R Kavanagh, Valerie Cote, Yvonne Tsui, Simon Kudernatsch, Donald R Peterson, Tulio A Valdez
OBJECTIVE: Simulation to acquire and test technical skills is an essential component of medical education and residency training in both surgical and nonsurgical specialties. High-quality simulation education relies on the availability, accessibility, and reliability of models. The objective of this work was to describe a practical pediatric laryngeal model for use in otolaryngology residency training. Ideally, this model would be low-cost, have tactile properties resembling human tissue, and be reliably reproducible...
October 12, 2016: Laryngoscope
Jonathan A Isbell, Valeria Makeeva, Kara Caruthers, William S Brooks
PURPOSE: Changes in medical education have prevented students from conducting full cadaveric dissections in gross anatomy. The efficacy of alternative educational methods is being explored to augment traditional dissection. METHODS: Team-based learning was integrated into the 2014 gross anatomy laboratory for physician assistants (PA) and nurse anesthetists. Deidentified data from the 2013 and 2014 courses were used to assess with t-tests the effect of this addition on student academic performance...
September 2016: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
Sheena Samra, Andrew Wu, Miriam Redleaf
INTRODUCTION: Otology relies on clinical examination to teach anatomy of the ear. The purpose of this report is to introduce the Buckingham Virtual Tympanum iPhone app as an adjuvant educational tool to teach the anatomical details of the tympanic membrane (TM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This app, available free at the Apple Store, was constructed using archival photographs of normal and abnormal TMs, stratified by difficulty. Each image has 4 labeled structures, linked to questions to encourage active learning...
September 26, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Su Yeon Roh
This study is aimed at exploring ideas for the development of Pilates instructor qualification system by identifying a range of difficulties Pilates instructors are experiencing. Open-ended questionnaires and semi-structured interviews were conducted to collect data before they were analyzed with inductive content analysis method. In consideration of the difficulties Pilates instructors experience during three qualification stages (before-during-after qualification education), three key categories were incorporated in the collected data: (1) lack of information on Pilates qualification system, (2) difficulties in understanding the human anatomy related with the diverse movements taught in Pilates classes and its application to Pilates practice, (3) need for professional development through retraining...
August 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
David Kachlik, Vladimir Musil, Vaclav Baca
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to revise and extend the existing sections of Terminologia Anatomica dealing with the upper limb structures, which nomenclature belongs to its most neglected and not developing parts, and to justify the use of the proposed anatomical terms in the clinical practice, research, and education. METHODS: A sample collected from own educational and research experience was matched in the main anatomical textbooks as well as old and recent anatomical journals and compared with four versions of the official Latin anatomical nomenclatures...
September 19, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Robert M Sweet
BACKGROUND: The challenges of training and assessing endourologic skill have driven the development of new training systems. The Center for Research in Education and Simulation Technologies (CREST) has developed a team and a methodology to facilitate this development process. METHODS: Backwards design principles were applied. A panel of experts first defined desired clinical and educational outcomes. Outcomes were subsequently linked to learning objectives. Gross task deconstruction was performed and the primary domain was classified as primarily involving decision-making, psychomotor skill or communication...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Endourology
Jehad Al-Ramahi, Huiping Luo, Rui Fang, Adriana Chou, Jack Jiang, Tony Kille
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to create a 3D printed airway model simulating the size and mechanical properties of various age groups for foreign body removal training. METHODS: Three-dimensional printing technology was used to print the anatomically correct airway from rubber-like translucent material, simulating the mechanical properties of human airway tissue. The model's effectiveness in trainee education was evaluated by otolaryngology residents with varying levels of experience...
September 7, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Pieter J Klitsie, Bart Ten Brinke, Reinier Timman, Jan J V Busschbach, Hilco P Theeuwes, Johan F Lange, Gert-Jan Kleinrensink
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery is associated with a shallow learning curve. AnubiFiX embalming technique enables laparoscopic surgical training on supple embalmed and hence insufflatable human specimens in the dissection room. Aim of the present trial is to test whether dissection-based anatomy education is superior to classical frontal classroom education on the short and long term. METHODS: A total of 112 medical students were randomized in three groups. Group I attended classroom education, group II laparoscopic dissection-based education and group III received both...
September 7, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Caoimhghín S Breathnach, John B Moynihan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Ulster Medical Journal
J A Reid, C L Templeman, D A Groneberg, D Brueggmann, J M Jaque
Many patients have a rudimentary knowledge of their body's anatomy and functioning. In a clinical setting, deficits in patient understanding can lead to miscommunication affecting patient care and satisfaction. Hence, this study aims to estimate a baseline of patient knowledge regarding pelvic anatomy and to assess their educational preferences in learning about related topics. For this cross-sectional study, we developed a 24-item assessment with questions related to pelvic anatomy, health, and function. The questionnaire was validated using feedback from anonymous community focus groups, and then distributed to English-speaking female patients at the Women's Clinic of LAC + USC Medical Center (Los Angeles)...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Mahmoud M Bakr, C Mark Thompson, Magdalena Massadiq
Basic science courses are extremely important as a foundation for scaffolding knowledge and then applying it in future courses, clinical situations as well as in a professional career. Anatomical sciences, which include tooth morphology, oral histology, oral embryology, and head and neck anatomy form a core part of the preclinical courses in dental technology programs. In this article, the importance and relevance of anatomical sciences to dental personnel with no direct contact with patients (dental technicians) and limited discipline related contact with patients (dental prosthetists) is highlighted...
September 1, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
Javier Ferrer-Torregrosa, Miguel Ángel Jiménez-Rodríguez, Javier Torralba-Estelles, Fernanda Garzón-Farinós, Marcelo Pérez-Bermejo, Nadia Fernández-Ehrling
BACKGROUND: The establishment of the ECTS (European Credit Transfer System) is one of the pillars of the European Space of Higher Education. This way of accounting for the time spent in training has two essential parts, classroom teaching (work with the professor) and distance learning (work without the professor, whether in an individual or collective way). Much has been published on the distance learning part, but less on the classroom teaching section. In this work, the authors investigate didactic strategies and associated aids for distance learning work in a concept based on flipped classroom where transmitting information is carried out with aids that the professor prepares, so that the student works in an independent way before the classes, thus being able to dedicate the classroom teaching time to more complex learning and being able to count on the professor's help...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Thomas L Lewis, Markus L Sagmeister, George W Miller, Matthew A Boissaud-Cooke, Peter H Abrahams
INTRODUCTION: There are concerns regarding the anatomy knowledge amongst medical school graduates and foundation doctors. Clinical procedures performed without relevant anatomical knowledge could result in serious harm to patients. The aim of this quantitative study was to assess education provision in the domains of anatomy, radiology and practical procedures for foundation year doctors during their first two years of training (FY1, FY2). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A national survey of acute hospital trusts in England was conducted...
August 31, 2016: Clinical Anatomy
Sanjib Kumar Ghosh
Anatomical education has been undergoing reforms in line with the demands of medical profession. The aim of the present study is to assess the impact of a traditional method like cadaveric dissection in teaching/learning anatomy at present times when medical schools are inclining towards student-centered, integrated, clinical application models. The article undertakes a review of literature and analyzes the observations made therein reflecting on the relevance of cadaveric dissection in anatomical education of 21st century...
August 30, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
José Luis Fernández-Alemán, Laura López-González, Ofelia González-Sequeros, Chrisina Jayne, Juan José López-Jiménez, Ambrosio Toval
OBJECTIVE: This paper presents an empirical study of a formative mobile-based assessment approach that can be used to provide students with intelligent diagnostic feedback to test its educational effectiveness. METHOD: An audience response system called SIDRA was integrated with a neural network-based data analysis to generate diagnostic feedback for guided learning. A total of 200 medical students enrolled in a General and Descriptive Anatomy of the Locomotor System course were taught using two different methods...
October 2016: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Saurabh Juneja, Manjushree Juneja
Tooth carving is an important practical preclinical exercise in the curriculum in Indian dental education setup. It forms the basis of introduction to tooth anatomy, morphology and occlusion of primary and permanent teeth through practical approach. It requires enormous time and manpower to master the skill. Therefore, there is an imminent necessity to incorporate computer-based learning of the art of tooth carving for effective teaching and efficient student learning. This will ensure quality time to be spent on other academic and research activities by students and faculty in addition to adding value as a teaching aid...
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Pananghat Achutha Kumar, Ramakrishnan Jothi, Dharmalingam Mathivanan
BACKGROUND: A contemporary anatomy curriculum that aims to be clinically relevant requires medical students to be introduced to radiological anatomy in the preclinical years. Ideally, the curriculum should also support self-directed learning, a habit best instilled early. Based on these educational requirements, we designed an interesting and clinically-meaningful program of self-learning modules in radiological anatomy to augment students' learning of gross anatomy. The program is guided by current theories of learning, which emphasize an individualized learning pace for students...
May 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
Nigel Phelan, Shane Davy, Gerard W O'Keeffe, Denis S Barry
The role of e-learning platforms in anatomy education continues to expand as self-directed learning is promoted in higher education. Although a wide range of e-learning resources are available, determining student use of non-academic internet resources requires novel approaches. One such approach that may be useful is the Google Trends(©) web application. To determine the feasibility of Google Trends to gain insights into anatomy-related online searches, Google Trends data from the United States from January 2010 to December 2015 were analyzed...
August 22, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
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