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Cardiolipin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162722/docosahexaenoic-acid-lowers-cardiac-mitochondrial-enzyme-activity-by-replacing-linoleic-acid-in-the-phospholipidome
#1
E Madison Sullivan, Edward Ross Pennington, Genevieve C Sparagna, Maria J Torres, P Darrell Neufer, Mitchel Harris, James Washington, Ethan J Anderson, Tonya N Zeczycki, David A Brown, Saame Raza Shaikh
Cardiac mitochondrial phospholipid acyl chains regulate respiratory enzymatic activity. In several diseases, the rodent cardiac phospholipidome is extensively rearranged; however, whether specific acyl chains impair respiratory enzyme function is unknown. One unique remodeling event in the myocardium of obese and diabetic rodents is an increase in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) levels. Here, we first confirmed that cardiac DHA levels are elevated in diabetic humans relative to controls. We then used dietary supplementation of a Western diet with DHA as a tool to promote cardiac acyl chain remodeling and to study its influence on respiratory enzyme function...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148803/hsdhodh-microdomain-membrane-interactions-are-influenced-by-the-lipid-composition
#2
Eduardo Festozo Vicente, Indra Dev Sahu, Edson Crusca, Luis Guilherme Mansor Basso, Claudia Elisabeth Munte, Antonio Jose Costa-Filho, Gary A Lorigan, Eduardo Maffud Maffud Cilli
Human dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (HsDHODH) enzyme has been studied as selective target for inhibitors to block the enzyme activity, intending to prevent proliferative diseases. The N-terminal microdomain seems to play an important role in the enzyme function. However, the molecular mechanism of action and dynamics of this region are not totally understood yet. This study analyzes the interaction and conformation in model membranes of HsDHODH microdomain using peptide analogues containing the paramagnetic amino acid TOAC at strategic positions...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142819/liposomes-modified-with-cardiolipin-can-act-as-a-platform-to-regulate-the-potential-flux-of-nadp-dependent-isocitrate-dehydrogenase
#3
Keishi Suga, Akari Hamasaki, Junpei Chinzaka, Hiroshi Umakoshi
Cardiolipin (CL) is a phospholipid found in the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM) and inner mitochondrial membrane (IMM) in animal cells. Isocitrate dehydrogenase (ICDH) is an important catalytic enzyme that is localized at the cytosol and mitochondria; the metabolic pathway catalyzed by ICDH differs between the OMM and IMM. To estimate the possible role of lipid membrane in the enzymatic activity of NADP(+)-dependent ICDH, CL-modified liposomes were prepared using CL/1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC)/cholesterol (Ch), and their characteristics were analyzed based on the fluorescent probe method...
December 2016: Metabolic Engineering Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142222/human-atg3-binding-to-lipid-bilayers-role-of-lipid-geometry-and-electric-charge
#4
Javier H Hervás, Ane Landajuela, Zuriñe Antón, Anna V Shnyrova, Felix M Goñi, Alicia Alonso
Specific protein-lipid interactions lead to a gradual recruitment of AuTophaGy-related (ATG) proteins to the nascent membrane during autophagosome (AP) formation. ATG3, a key protein in the movement of LC3 towards the isolation membrane, has been proposed to facilitate LC3/GABARAP lipidation in highly curved membranes. In this work we have performed a biophysical study of human ATG3 interaction with membranes containing phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine and anionic phospholipids. We have found that ATG3 interacts more strongly with negatively-charged phospholipid vesicles or nanotubes than with electrically neutral model membranes, cone-shaped anionic phospholipids (cardiolipin and phosphatidic acid) being particularly active in promoting binding...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137980/interaction-of-alpha-synuclein-with-cytogaligin-a-protein-encoded-by-the-proapoptotic-gene-galig
#5
Saïd El Haddad, Amandine Serrano, Thierry Normand, Chloé Robin, Martine Dubois, Fabienne Brule-Morabito, Lucile Mollet, Stéphane Charpentier, Alain Legrand
GALIG, an internal gene to the human galectin-3 gene, encodes two distinct proteins, Mitogaligin and Cytogaligin through translation of a unique mRNA in two overlapping alternative reading frames. When overexpressed GALIG induces apoptosis. In cultured cells, Mitogaligin destabilizes mitochondria membranes through interaction with cardiolipin. Little is known regarding the role of Cytogaligin. This protein displays multiple subcellular localizations; cytosol, nucleus, and mitochondria. We illustrate here that Cytogaligin is also secreted in the extracellular medium...
November 11, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129703/identification-of-novel-mitochondrial-localization-signals-in-human-tafazzin-the-cause-of-the-inherited-cardiomyopathic-disorder-barth-syndrome
#6
Ana A Dinca, Wei-Ming Chien, Michael T Chin
Mutations in the gene tafazzin (TAZ) result in Barth syndrome (BTHS). Patients present with hypotonia, cyclic neutropenia, 3-methyglutaconic aciduria, and cardiomyopathy, which is the major cause of mortality. The recessive, X-linked TAZ gene encodes a mitochondrial membrane-associated phospholipid modifying enzyme, which adds unsaturated fatty acid species to monolysocardiolipin to generate mature cardiolipin in the mitochondrial membrane that is essential for mitochondrial morphology and function. To identify intrinsic mitochondrial localization sequences in the human TAZ protein, we made sequential TAZ peptide-eGFP fusion protein expression constructs and analyzed the localization of eGFP fluorescence by confocal microscopy...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124263/photoinduced-electron-transfer-reaction-in-mitochondria-for-spatiotemporal-selective-photo-oxidation-of-lipids-by-donor-acceptor-linked-molecules
#7
Yuta Takano, Erina Hanai, Hiroshi Imahori
Donor-acceptor-linked molecules have been synthesized and utilized to induce the rapid and site-selective lipid-oxidation in mitochondria by utilizing a photoinduced intermolecular electron transfer reaction. Two water-soluble donor-acceptor molecules (1 and 2) were designed and synthesized for this purpose. 2 was prepared to modulate its affinity to cell membrane in mitochondria. Confocal laser microscopy experiments revealed that 1 and 2 possess high localization abilities in mitochondria. By the photoinduced electron transfer, 2 exhibited the remarkable oxidation ability of lipids, mainly cardiolipin...
November 10, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113818/cytochrome-c-assisted-escape-of-cardiolipin-from-a-model-mitochondrial-membrane
#8
Aby Thong, Valeria Tsoukanova
Binding of cytochrome c (Cytc) to cardiolipin (CL) in the inner mitochondrial membrane is involved with the onset of apoptosis. In this study, we used CL-containing phospholipid monolayers to mimic the inner mitochondrial membrane. Constant pressure insertion assay was employed to monitor the Cytc-induced expansion of membrane area. Simultaneous epifluorescence microscopy imaging afforded the in-situ visualization of phospholipid demixing and sorting in the membrane. The formation of a CL-rich Ld phase has been observed to prelude the insertion of Cytc...
November 4, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112771/role-of-mitochondria-and-mitochondria-targeted-agents-in-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#9
REVIEW
Thekkuttuparambil Ananthanarayanan Ajith
Mitochondria play a pivotal role in the fatty acid oxidation and have been found to be affected early during the macrovesicular fat accumulation in the hepatocytes. The fatty infiltration is the primary cause of oxidative stress and inflammation in the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which can lead to the peroxidation of phospholipids, such as cardiolipin. Oxidative stress-induced damage to mitochondrial DNA can result in the impairment of oxidative phosphorylation and further increases the generation of reactive oxygen species...
November 7, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104934/imaging-the-antistaphylococcal-activity-of-cath-2-mechanism-of-attack-and-regulation-of-inflammatory-response
#10
Viktoria A F Schneider, Maarten Coorens, Johanna L M Tjeerdsma-van Bokhoven, George Posthuma, Albert van Dijk, Edwin J A Veldhuizen, Henk P Haagsman
Chicken cathelicidin-2 (CATH-2) is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial host defense peptide (HDP) that may serve as a paradigm for the development of new antimicrobial agents. While previous studies have elucidated the mechanism by which CATH-2 kills Escherichia coli, its mode of action against Gram-positive bacteria remains to be determined. In this study, we explored the underlying antibacterial mechanism of CATH-2 against a methicillin-resistant strain of Staphylococcus aureus and the effect of CATH-2-mediated S...
November 2017: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103181/brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-autoantibody-profile-in-118-patients-with-neuropsychiatric-lupus
#11
Zhen Tan, Yingbo Zhou, Xiangpei Li, Guosheng Wang, Jinhui Tao, Li Wang, Yan Ma, Xiaomei Li
The objective of this study is to analyze clinical manifestations, features of imaging, and laboratory assessment of patients with neuropsychiatric SLE (NPSLE) for better diagnosis and outcome prediction. One hundred eighteen NPSLE patients admitted to the Anhui Provincial Hospital in Hefei, China, between January 2006 and December 2016 were enrolled and analyzed retrospectively. All patients fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology revised classification criteria for SLE. Patients with NPSLE fulfilled the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) nomenclature and case definitions...
November 4, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102596/assessment-of-novel-cardiovascular-biomarkers-in-women-with-a-history-of-recurrent-miscarriage
#12
M M Wagner, J W Jukema, W Hermes, S le Cessie, C J M de Groot, J A Bakker, J M M van Lith, K W M Bloemenkamp
OBJECTIVES: A history of recurrent miscarriage is associated with future cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to determine novel cardiovascular biomarkers in women with a history of recurrent miscarriage as this might lead to a better understanding of the association. STUDY DESIGN: Women who visited the recurrent miscarriage clinic at Leiden University Medical Centre (between 2000 and 2010), and had three consecutive miscarriages ≤30 years were invited to participate in this follow-up study (between 2012 and 2014)...
October 28, 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101059/the-mycobacterial-rv1551-glycerol-3-phosphate-acyltransferase-enhances-phospholipid-biosynthesis-in-cell-lysates-of-escherichia-coli
#13
Jamison D Law, Jaiyanth Daniel
Latent tuberculosis is caused by dormant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) that is phenotypically tolerant to antibiotics. Dormant Mtb accumulates triacylglycerol (TAG) utilizing fatty acids obtained from macrophage lipid droplets. The Rv1551 (PlsB1) gene is annotated as a putative glycerol-3-phosphate acyltransferase (GPAT) in the Mtb genome. GPAT catalyzes the first step of the glycerophospholipid biosynthetic pathway that synthesizes the lipid precursors for triacylglycerol biosynthesis. Although triacylglycerol biosynthesis is associated with Mtb dormancy, the functionality of the Rv1551 acyltransferase has not been investigated...
October 31, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098228/proxyphos-sensors-for-the-detection-of-negatively-charged-membranes
#14
Bronte I Murcar-Evans, Aaron D Cabral, Krimo Toutah, Elvin D de Araujo, Angel Lai, Peter M Macdonald, Angelika Berger-Becvar, Dziyana Kraskouskaya, Patrick T Gunning
Membrane-embedded negatively charged phospholipids (MENCP) can be used as biomarkers for a range of biological processes, including early detection of apoptosis in animal cells, drug-induced phospholipidosis, and selective detection of bacterial over animal cells. Currently, several technologies for the detection of apoptosis and bacterial cells are based on the recognition of MENCPs, including the AnnexinV stain and PSVue™ probes. As probes, these technologies have limitations, the most significant of which is the need for washing the unbound probe away to achieve optimal signal...
November 3, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091407/role-of-acyl-chain-composition-of-phosphatidylcholine-in-tafazzin-mediated-remodeling-of-cardiolipin-in-liposomes
#15
Masato Abe, Yoshiki Sawada, Shinpei Uno, Shuhei Chigasaki, Masahide Oku, Yasuyoshi Sakai, Hideto Miyoshi
Remodeling of the acyl chain compositions of cardiolipin (CL) species by the transacylase tafazzin is an important process for maintaining optimal mitochondrial functions. The results of mechanistic studies on the tafazzin-mediated transacylation from phosphatidylcholine (PC) to monolyso-CL (MLCL) in artificial lipid membranes are controversial. The present study investigated the role of the acyl chain composition of PC in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae tafazzin-mediated remodeling of CL by examining the structural factors responsible for the superior acyl donor ability of dipalmitoleoyl (16:1) PC over dipalmitoyl (16:0) PC...
November 9, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067844/clinical-feature-and-anti-phospholipid-antibody-profiles-of-pregnancy-failure-in-young-women-with-antiphospholipid-antibody-syndrome-treated-with-conventional-therapy
#16
Kayoko Kaneko, Shuko Mishima, Mikako Goto, Mari Mitsui, Shinji Tanigaki, Kenji Oku, Nobuaki Ozawa, Eisuke Inoue, Tatsuya Atsumi, Haruhiko Sago, Atsuko Murashima
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate clinical feature and anti-phospholipid antibody (aPL) profiles, including lupus anticoagulant (LA), anti-cardiolipin (CL) antibodies and anti-phosphatidylserine/prothrombin (PS/PT) antibodies, of pregnancy failure in patients with antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) already treated with conventional therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four women with a history of pregnancy who were diagnosed with APS between 2008 and 2016 were included in the study...
October 25, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067684/the-role-of-non-bilayer-phospholipids-in-mitochondrial-structure-and-function
#17
REVIEW
Writoban Basu Ball, John K Neff, Vishal M Gohil
Mitochondrial structure and function are influenced by the unique phospholipid composition of its membranes. While mitochondria contain all the major classes of phospholipids, recent studies have highlighted specific roles of the non-bilayer forming phospholipids phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and cardiolipin (CL) in the assembly and activity of mitochondrial respiratory chain (MRC) complexes. The non-bilayer phospholipids are cone-shaped molecules that introduce curvature stress in the bilayer membrane and have been shown to impact mitochondrial fusion and fission...
October 25, 2017: FEBS Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065430/lipidomic-changes-in-skeletal-muscle-in-patients-after-biliopancreatic-diversion
#18
Carola Sabine Mehnert, Juergen Graessler, Virginia Kamvissi-Lorenz, Lidia Castagneto Gissey, James R Casella Mariolo, Giovanni Casella, Geltrude Mingrone, Stefan R Bornstein
The mechanisms behind the fast improvements of insulin sensitivity and release of the diabetic metabolic state after bariatric surgery are still not completely understood. To further elucidate the effects on the individual cellular level, we applied mass spectrometry to investigate the changes in the lipidomic profile of skeletal muscle cells before and after biliopancreatic diversion in six patients. We found a decrease in lipid storage species, mainly triacylglycerides (e. g., TAG 52:2 from 19.84 to 13...
November 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057950/energetic-mitochondrial-failing-in-vitiligo-and-possible-rescue-by-cardiolipin
#19
Maria Lucia Dell'Anna, Monica Ottaviani, Daniela Kovacs, Simone Mirabilii, David A Brown, Carlo Cota, Emilia Migliano, Emanuela Bastonini, Barbara Bellei, Giorgia Cardinali, Maria Rosaria Ricciardi, Agostino Tafuri, Mauro Picardo
Vitiligo is characterized by death or functional defects of epidermal melanocytes through still controversial pathogenic process. Previously, we showed that mitochondria-driven pre-senescent phenotype diminishes the capability of vitiligo melanocytes to cope with stressful stimuli. In the current study, we investigated markers of mitochondrial energy metabolism including the PGC1a axis, and then we determined the index of mitochondrial impairment using a cytomic approach. We found in cultured epidermal vitiligo melanocytes, compared to healthy ones, low ATP, increased proton leakage, and altered expression of several glycolytic enzymes (hexokinase II, pyruvic dehydrogenase kinase 1 and pyruvic kinase M2), We suggest that the low ATP production may be sufficient in steady-state conditions but it is unable to cover further needs...
October 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056231/mitochondrial-adp-atp-carrier-in-dodecylphosphocholine-binds-cardiolipins-with-non-native-affinity
#20
François Dehez, Paul Schanda, Martin S King, Edmund R S Kunji, Christophe Chipot
Biophysical investigation of membrane proteins generally requires their extraction from native sources using detergents, a step that can lead, possibly irreversibly, to protein denaturation. The propensity of dodecylphosphocholine (DPC), a detergent widely utilized in NMR studies of membrane proteins, to distort their structure has been the subject of much controversy. It has been recently proposed that the binding specificity of the yeast mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier (yAAC3) toward cardiolipins is preserved in DPC, thereby suggesting that DPC is a suitable environment in which to study membrane proteins...
October 20, 2017: Biophysical Journal
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