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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655953/risk-factors-predisposing-to-acute-coronary-syndromes-in-young-women-%C3%A2-45-years-of-age
#1
Maciej Bęćkowski, Marek Gierlotka, Mariusz Gąsior, Lech Poloński, Tomasz Zdrojewski, Rafał Dąbrowski, Jarosław Karwowski, Ilona Kowalik, Wojciech Drygas, Hanna Szwed
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are rare in young women. The purpose of this study was to characterize risk factors (RF) predisposing to ACS in young women and evaluate possible age-related differences. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 1941 young women with ACS aged ≤45 years (≤45ACS) from the PL-ACS registry and compared them with two control groups: 4275 women aged 63-64 years with ACS (63-64ACS) from the PL-ACS registry and 1170 young healthy women aged ≤45 years (≤45H) without confirmed coronary artery disease (CAD), from two national, representative, cross-sectional population health surveys, NATPOL 2011 and WOBASZ...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655952/population-level-incidence-and-outcomes-of-myocardial-infarction-with-non-obstructive-coronary-arteries-minoca-insights-from-the-alberta-contemporary-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-invasive-treatment-strategies-coapt-study
#2
Kevin R Bainey, Robert C Welsh, Wendimagegn Alemayehu, Cynthia M Westerhout, Dean Traboulsi, Todd Anderson, Neil Brass, Paul W Armstrong, Padma Kaul
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) is a known clinical conundrum with limited investigation. Using a large population-based cohort, we examined the incidence, demographic profile, use of evidence-based medicines (EBM) and clinical outcomes of MINOCA patients. METHODS: Patients hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of MI who underwent coronary angiography between 01/04/2002 and 31/03/2014 in Alberta, Canada, were included in the study...
April 4, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627214/digital-technology-for-performing-a-nasopalatine-and-greater-palatine-nerve-block-with-a-modified-implant-surgical-guide-a-technique-article
#3
Ankur Dahiya, Antoanela Garbacea, Mathew T Kattadiyil, Abdulaziz AlHelal
This article describes a computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) technique to perform a precise nerve block of the nasopalatine and greater palatine nerves by using an implant surgical guide. The technique uses additional guide anchor pins planned and positioned for specific anatomic landmarks during guided implant surgical guide planning. A relief modification virtually designed on the intaglio surface of the surgical guide allows for palatal soft tissue distension following administration of local anesthetic...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625068/chromatin-accessibility-dynamics-during-chemical-induction-of-pluripotency
#4
Shangtao Cao, Shengyong Yu, Dongwei Li, Jing Ye, Xuejie Yang, Chen Li, Xiaoshan Wang, Yuanbang Mai, Yue Qin, Jian Wu, Jiangping He, Chunhua Zhou, He Liu, Bentian Zhao, Xiaodong Shu, Chuman Wu, Ruiping Chen, Waiyee Chan, Guangjin Pan, Jiekai Chen, Jing Liu, Duanqing Pei
Despite its exciting potential, chemical induction of pluripotency (CIP) efficiency remains low and the mechanisms are poorly understood. We report the development of an efficient two-step serum- and replating-free CIP protocol and the associated chromatin accessibility dynamics (CAD) by assay for transposase-accessible chromatin (ATAC)-seq. CIP reorganizes the somatic genome to an intermediate state that is resolved under 2iL condition by re-closing previously opened loci prior to pluripotency acquisition with gradual opening of loci enriched with motifs for the OCT/SOX/KLF families...
April 5, 2018: Cell Stem Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620544/elevated-fasting-blood-glucose-but-not-obesity-is-associated-with-coronary-artery-disease-in-patients-undergoing-elective-coronary-angiography-in-a-referral-hospital-in-jordan
#5
Abdel-Ellah Al-Shudifat, Mohammed Azab, Asgeir Johannessen, Amjad Al-Shdaifat, Lana M Agraib, Reema F Tayyem
BACKGROUND: Obesity and its metabolic complications are endemic in the Middle East, but the cardiovascular consequences are not well defined in local studies. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between fasting blood glucose (FBG), obesity and coronary artery disease (CAD) in Jordan. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, hospital-based study. SETTING: A referral hospital in Amman, Jordan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with complete anthropomorphic data who were referred for elective coronary angiography were included in the analysis...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593802/oxygen-dependence-of-endothelium-dependent-vasodilation-importance-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#6
Stefanie Keymel, Benedikt Schueller, Roberto Sansone, Rabea Wagstaff, Stephan Steiner, Malte Kelm, Christian Heiss
Introduction: Epidemiological studies have shown increased morbidity and mortality in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We aimed to characterize the oxygen dependence of endothelial function in patients with CAD and coexisting COPD. Material and methods: In CAD patients with and without COPD ( n = 33), we non-invasively measured flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and intima-media thickness (IMT) of the brachial artery (BA), forearm blood flow (FBF), and perfusion of the cutaneous microcirculation with laser Doppler perfusion imaging (LDPI)...
March 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584725/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-risk-factors-in-kerala-south-india-analysis-of-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#7
S Harikrishnan, Smitha Sarma, G Sanjay, P Jeemon, M N Krishnan, K Venugopal, P P Mohanan, L Jeyaseelan, K R Thankappan, G Zachariah
BACKGROUND: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is a leading cause of death and disability in Kerala, India. Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a constellation of established risk factors for CAD. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of MS and evaluate the association between MS and CAD using a community-based sample population. METHODS: A cross-sectional community based survey was conducted in urban and rural areas of Kerala in 2011. We included 5063 individuals for analysis...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581037/the-association-of-body-mass-index-and-20-year-all-cause-mortality-among-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease
#8
Anan Younis, Arwa Younis, Ronen Goldkorn, Ilan Goldenberg, Yael Peled, Boaz Tzur, Robert Klempfner
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist regarding the long-term association of body mass index (BMI) and all-cause mortality among patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). Accordingly, the aim of this study is to explore the association between BMI and long-term all-cause mortality among patients with stable CAD. METHODS: Our study included 15,357 patients with stable CAD who were enrolled in the Bezafibrate Infarction Prevention (BIP) registry between February, 1990 and October1992, and subsequently followed-up through December 2014...
March 3, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563821/decreased-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-diabetic-foot-problems
#9
Jin Sothornwit, Gulapar Srisawasdi, Atchara Suwannakin, Apiradee Sriwijitkamol
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with diabetic foot problems and compare the HRQoL between diabetic patients with: 1) diabetic foot problems (DF), including diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) or amputation (AMPU); 2) other diabetic complications (COM), such as diabetic retinopathy (DR), end-stage renal disease (ESRD), or coronary artery disease (CAD); and 3) no diabetic complication (CON). Patients and methods: A total of 254 diabetic patients were studied in a cross-sectional setting...
2018: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557300/treatment-with-triple-combination-of-atorvastatin-perindopril-and-amlodipine-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease-a-subgroup-analysis-from-the-papa-cad-study
#10
Csaba András Dézsi
Background In patients with stable coronary artery disease, aspirin, a statin, and an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor are recommended as first-line agents for secondary prevention. Subgroup analyses of the previously published Hungarian Perindopril plus Amlodipine in PAtients with Coronary Artery Disease (PAPA-CAD) non-interventional trial demonstrated that the addition of the metabolically beneficial, fixed combination of perindopril + amlodipine to atorvastatin further improves the patient's lipid profile...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544146/automatic-classification-of-tissue-malignancy-for-breast-carcinoma-diagnosis
#11
Irene Fondón, Auxiliadora Sarmiento, Ana Isabel García, María Silvestre, Catarina Eloy, António Polónia, Paulo Aguiar
Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death among women. Its early diagnosis is extremely important to prevent avoidable deaths. However, malignancy assessment of tissue biopsies is complex and dependent on observer subjectivity. Moreover, hematoxylin and eosin (H&E)-stained histological images exhibit a highly variable appearance, even within the same malignancy level. In this paper, we propose a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) tool for automated malignancy assessment of breast tissue samples based on the processing of histological images...
March 8, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530010/the-fundamental-association-between-mental-health-and-life-satisfaction-results-from-successive-waves-of-a-canadian-national-survey
#12
Patrick Lombardo, Wayne Jones, Liangliang Wang, Xin Shen, Elliot M Goldner
BACKGROUND: A self-reported life satisfaction question is routinely used as an indicator of societal well-being. Several studies support that mental illness is an important determinant for life satisfaction and improvement of mental healthcare access therefore could have beneficial effects on a population's life satisfaction. However, only a few studies report the relationship between subjective mental health and life satisfaction. Subjective mental health is a broader concept than the presence or absence of psychopathology...
March 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521199/exercise-induced-cardioprotection-via-enos-a-putative-role-of-red-blood-cell-signaling
#13
Tatsiana Suvorava, Miriam M Cortese-Krott
Moderate exercise training is a key aspect of primary and secondary prevention strategies. Shear-induced upregulation of eNOS activity and function in the vascular endothelium is considered as one of the main molecular mechanisms of exercise-induced protection against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. It has been reported that levels of plasma nitrite, which are largely dependent on eNOS activity, were increased in healthy subjects after acute exercise, while this increase was abolished in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients...
March 6, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520604/estrogen-therapy-for-osteoporosis-in-the-modern-era
#14
REVIEW
V A Levin, X Jiang, R Kagan
Menopause predisposes women to osteoporosis due to declining estrogen levels. This results in a decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) and an increase in fractures. Osteoporotic fractures lead to substantial morbidity and mortality, and are considered one of the largest public health priorities by the World Health Organization (WHO). It is therefore essential for menopausal women to receive appropriate guidance for the prevention and management of osteoporosis. The Women's Health Initiative (WHI) randomized controlled trial first proved hormonal therapy (HT) reduces the incidence of all osteoporosis-related fractures in postmenopausal women...
March 8, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515064/-clinical-characteristics-of-vascular-adverse-events-and-significance-of-peripheral-artery-disease-as-a-risk-factor-in-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-patients-treated-with-nilotinib
#15
Masahiko Sumi, Keijiro Sato, Nozomu Uematsu, Hiroko Kawaguchi, Tsutomu Shishido, Hiroko Kaiume, Wataru Takeda, Takehiko Kirihara, Toshimitsu Ueki, Yuki Hiroshima, Mayumi Ueno, Naoaki Ichikawa, Nobuyuki Urasawa, Hikaru Kobayashi
Vascular adverse events (VAEs) in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients treated with nilotinib (NIL) has become a; however, studies on strategies to prevent VAEs remain limited. Therefore, the present study investigated VAEs in 19 CML patients treated with NIL at our hospital. The median age of the patients was 65 years and median follow-up period was 55 months after the initiation of NIL. VAEs occurred in 8 patients (peripheral artery disease (PAD), n=6; cerebral infarction (CI), n=3; coronary artery disease (CAD), n=4)...
2018: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503404/rationale-and-design-of-randomized-evaluation-of-aggressive-or-moderate-lipid-lowering-therapy-with-pitavastatin-in-coronary-artery-disease-real-cad-trial
#16
Katsumi Miyauchi, Takeshi Kimura, Hiroaki Shimokawa, Hiroyuki Daida, Satoshi Iimuro, Hiroshi Iwata, Yukio Ozaki, Ichiro Sakuma, Yoshihisa Nakagawa, Kiyoshi Hibi, Takafumi Hiro, Yoshihiro Fukumoto, Seiji Hokimoto, Yasuo Ohashi, Hiroshi Ohtsu, Yasushi Saito, Masunori Matsuzaki, Ryozo Nagai
Large-scale clinical trials in patients in Western countries with coronary artery disease (CAD) have found that aggressive lipid-lowering therapy using high-dose statins reduces cardiovascular (CV) events further than low-dose statins. However, such evidence has not yet been fully established in Asian populations, including in Japan. The Randomized Evaluation of Aggressive or Moderate Lipid-Lowering Therapy with Pitavastatin in Coronary Artery Disease (REAL-CAD) study addresses whether intensification of statin therapy improves clinical outcomes in Japanese patients with CAD...
March 5, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497846/imaging-to-assess-ischemic-heart-disease-in-women
#17
REVIEW
Kaartiga Sivanesan, Subhi J Al'Aref, James K Min, Jessica M Peña, Fay Lin, Erica C Jones
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ischemic heart disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for women and men around the world. However, traditional cardiovascular risk factors do not fully capture cardiac risk in women. This review summarizes sex-based differences in the clinical presentation, pathophysiology, and risk assessment of ischemic heart disease. We also examine the use of anatomic and functional imaging modalities in the diagnosis of ischemic heart disease in women. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies with women subjects have bolstered the predictive value of the coronary artery calcium (CAC) score in predicting atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease risk and major adverse cardiac events in a graded fashion...
March 2, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492235/coronary-artery-disease-risk-in-young-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#18
Dah-Ching Ding, I-Ju Tsai, Jen-Hung Wang, Shinn-Zong Lin, Fung-Chang Sung
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome are characterized by obesity, menstruation irregularity, hirsutism and infertility, and prevalent with cardiometabolic comorbidities, but population-based studies on the risk of developing coronary artery disease are limited. From claims data of the Taiwan National Health Insurance, we identified 8048 women with polycystic ovary syndrome aged 15-49 years newly diagnosed in 1998-2013, and 32192 women without the syndrome and CAD as controls, frequency matched by age and diagnosis date...
February 2, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486420/trends-in-incidence-of-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-in-canada-and-associated-healthcare-resource-utilization
#19
Jacqueline Filteau, Helen Coo, Kimberly Dow
BACKGROUND: Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a collection of symptoms that occurs primarily due to antenatal opioid exposure. National data on incidence, hospital resource utilization, and demographic features of NAS have not been previously described for Canada. METHODS: Secondary analysis was performed with data from hospitals in all Canadian provinces and territories, excluding Quebec. Infants with NAS were identified by searching for ICD-10-CA code P96...
February 13, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455777/palliative-treatment-of-coronary-atherosclerotic-cancer-by-drug-eluting-or-bare-metal-stents-from-oculo-stenotic-reflex-period-to-age-of-precision-medicine
#20
Elif Hande Ozcan Cetin, Ozcan Ozeke, Erdogan Ilkay, Dursun Aras, Serkan Topaloglu, Zehra Golbasi, Sinan Aydogdu, Can Ozer
Medications and treatments are said to have a palliative effect if they relieve symptoms without having a curative effect on the underlying disease such as atherosclerosis or cancer. Some authors speculated that atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD) could be considered a "cancer of the coronary arterial wall". Although the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has proven to be effective in decreasing mortality rates among patients with acute coronary syndromes, the previous meta-analyses of PCI versus optimal medical therapy for stable CAD have not been able to demonstrate a reduction in major adverse cardiac outcomes...
January 2018: Indian Heart Journal
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