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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933975/foot-problems-in-older-women
#1
F Guidozzi
Between 20 and 45% of women aged over 65 years of age will develop one or more foot problems, which, although not specific to older women, are more common in that age group than in younger women. These include structural defects of the toes including hallux valgus, hammer, mallet or claw toes, skin disorders, fungal infection of the toes and toe nails, thickened toe nails, ulcers, fissures or cracks between the toes, corns and calluses, flat or high-arched feet. Foot pain is common and may be associated with other co-morbid diseases of the foot...
September 21, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913974/impact-of-ladder-related-falls-on-the-emergency-department-and-recommendations-for-ladder-safety
#2
C J Cabilan, Kirsten Vallmuur, Rob Eley, Chantelle Judge, Sarah Cochrane, Connie Reed, Jessica Riordan, Kym Roberts, Ogilvie Thom, Gabriella Wood
OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics of patients who presented to the ED from a ladder-related fall and their injuries, highlight the impact of ladder-related falls on the ED, identify contributing factors of ladder falls and draw recommendations to improve ladder safety. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in two EDs. Patients' demographics and ED services used were obtained from medical records. A 53-item questionnaire was used to gather information about the type of ladder used, ladder activity, circumstances of the fall, contributing factors and future recommendations...
September 14, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913434/self-determined-shapes-and-velocities-of-giant-near-zero-drag-gas-cavities
#3
Ivan U Vakarelski, Evert Klaseboer, Aditya Jetly, Mohammad M Mansoor, Andres A Aguirre-Pablo, Derek Y C Chan, Sigurdur T Thoroddsen
Minimizing the retarding force on a solid moving in liquid is the canonical problem in the quest for energy saving by friction and drag reduction. For an ideal object that cannot sustain any shear stress on its surface, theory predicts that drag force will fall to zero as its speed becomes large. However, experimental verification of this prediction has been challenging. We report the construction of a class of self-determined streamlined structures with this free-slip surface, made up of a teardrop-shaped giant gas cavity that completely encloses a metal sphere...
September 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898967/systematic-review-lost-time-injuries-in-the-us-mining-industry
#4
B Nowrouzi-Kia, B Sharma, C Dignard, Z Kerekes, J Dumond, A Li, M Larivière
Background: The mining industry is associated with high levels of accidents, injuries and illnesses. Lost-time injuries are useful measures of health and safety in mines, and the effectiveness of its safety programmes. Aims: To identify the type of lost-time injuries in the US mining workforce and to examine predictors of these occupational injuries. Methods: Primary papers on lost-time injuries in the US mining sector were identified through a literature search in eight health, geology and mining databases, using a systematic review protocol tailored to each database...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895802/slip-and-trip-perturbations-during-an-object-transport-task-requiring-a-lateral-change-in-support
#5
Andrew H Huntley, Keaton A Inkol, Lori Ann Vallis
The ability to counteract destabilizing external forces while simultaneously executing a complex task presents a novel way to ascertain one's ability to generate adaptive postural control responses to avoid a potential fall. In this study, participants performed an upper limb object transport task requiring a lateral change in support on a robotic platform that could remain fixed in space or translated (mimicking a slip or trip perturbation). No significant stability differences were observed at initial recovery step between slip and trip perturbations...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873860/applying-game-thinking-to-slips-trips-and-falls-prevention
#6
Paul Dewick, Emma Stanmore
Gamification is about the way in which 'game thinking' can engage participants and change behaviours in real, non-game contexts. This paper explores how game thinking can be applied to help prevent slips, trips and falls (STF), which are the largest cause of accidental death in older people across Europe. The paper contributes to the assistive technology, digital health and computer science/human behaviour communities by responding to a gap in the literature for papers detailing the innovation process of developing interventions to improve health and quality of life...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863352/the-circumstances-orientations-and-impact-locations-of-falls-in-community-dwelling-older-women
#7
Jeremy R Crenshaw, Kathie A Bernhardt, Sara J Achenbach, Elizabeth J Atkinson, Sundeep Khosla, Kenton R Kaufman, Shreyasee Amin
OBJECTIVE: We sought to characterize the circumstances, orientations, and impact locations of falls in community-dwelling, ambulatory, older women. METHODS: For this longitudinal, observational study, 125 community-dwelling women age≥65years were recruited. Over 12-months of follow-up, fall details were recorded using twice-monthly questionnaires. RESULTS: More than half (59%) of participants fell, with 30% of participants falling more than once (fall rate=1...
July 21, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802434/evaluation-of-postural-sway-and-impact-forces-during-ingress-and-egress-of-scissor-lifts-at-elevations
#8
Christopher S Pan, Sharon S Chiou, Tsui-Ying Kau, Bryan M Wimer, Xiaopeng Ning, Paul Keane
Workers are at risk when entering (ingress) or exiting (egress) elevated scissor lifts. In this study, we recorded ground impact forces and postural sway from 22 construction workers while they performed ingress and egress between a scissor lift and an adjacent work surface with varying conditions: lift opening designs, horizontal and vertical gaps, and sloped work surfaces. We observed higher peak ground shear forces when using a bar-and-chain opening, with larger horizontal gap, with the lift surface more than 0...
November 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776901/relating-factors-to-severe-injury-from-outdoor-falls-in-older-people
#9
Hey Youn Jung, Sun Hyu Kim, Sang Cheal Lee, Sunpyo Kim, Gyu Chong Cho, Min Joung Kim, Ji Sook Lee, Chul Han
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics, including floor characteristics and factors, related to severe injury from outdoor falls in older adults. METHODS: Patients were divided into two groups based on injury severity: the severe group and non-severe group. The clinical and general characteristics were compared between the two groups, and factors associated with severe injury were investigated. RESULTS: Approximately 5% (364/7635) of older people involved in outdoor falls were classified into severe injury...
August 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766755/does-baseline-depression-increase-the-risk-of-unexplained-and-accidental-falls-in-a-cohort-of-community-dwelling-older-people-data-from-the-irish-longitudinal-study-on-ageing-tilda
#10
Robert Briggs, Sean P Kennelly, Rose Anne Kenny
BACKGROUND: Depression independently increases the risk of falls in older people, but the mechanism for this relationship, as well as the specific falls type involved, remains unclear. Accidental falls (AFs) are due to slips or trips, while the cause of unexplained falls (UFs) is not immediately apparent and can include unrecognised syncope. METHOD: This longitudinal study examines the relationship between baseline depression and subsequent falls, both accidental and unexplained, at 2-year follow-up in a cohort of community dwelling adults aged ≥50 years...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755669/clinical-issues-august-2017
#11
Sharon A Van Wicklin
Caring for patients with tattoos undergoing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) procedures Key words: magnetic resonance imaging, tattoos. Reducing slips, trips, and falls caused by electrical cords on the procedure room floor Key words: slips, trips, falls, electrical cords, equipment booms. Classifying surgical limb amputation wounds Key words: wound classification, documentation, amputation. Preventing postoperative pressure alopecia Key words: alopecia, occipital neuropathy, scalp massage. Using prophylactic dressings to prevent pressure injury Key words: prophylactic dressings, silicone foam dressings, sacral dressings, heel dressings, pressure injury...
August 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702399/bilateral-simultaneous-neck-femur-fracture-following-domestic-fall-in-an-elderly-patient-a-rare-case-report
#12
Mayank Vijayvargiya, Vivek Shetty, Kiran Makwana, Nitesh Agarwal
Simultaneous bilateral neck femur fracture is a rare entity that has been associated with underlying bone disease, various metabolic diseases, high-energy trauma, and seizure disorders. Its occurrence following minimal trauma is very rare. This article presents the case of a 66-year-old female who sustained bilateral intracapsular fracture neck femur following a slip and fall at home. Single-stage bilateral cemented total hip replacement was done using a direct lateral approach with alternate right and left lateral positions...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701547/aging-does-not-affect-the-intralimb-coordination-elicited-by-slip-like-perturbation-of-different-intensities
#13
Federica Aprigliano, Dario Martelli, Peppino Tropea, Guido Pasquini, Silvestro Micera, Vito Monaco
This study was aimed at verifying whether aging modifies intralimb coordination strategy during corrective responses elicited by unexpected slip-like perturbations delivered during steady walking on a treadmill. To this end, 10 young and 10 elderly subjects were asked to manage unexpected slippages of different intensities. We analyzed the planar covariation law of the lower limb segments, using the principal component analysis, to verify whether elevation angles of older subjects covaried along a plan before and after the perturbation...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668553/the-recovery-response-to-a-novel-unannounced-laboratory-induced-slip-the-first-trial-effect-in-older-adults
#14
Xuan Liu, Sasha Reschechtko, Shuaijie Wang, Yi-Chung Clive Pai
BACKGROUND: After a single slip, older adults rapidly make adaptive changes to avoid or eliminate further backward loss of balance or a fall. This rapid adaptation has been termed the "single trial effect". The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the motor errors subjects experienced upon a novel slip and the selection and execution of corrective response by which they modified their ongoing gait pattern and turned it into a protective step. METHODS: A forward slip was induced in the laboratory among 145 community-living older (≥65year old) adults who were protected by an overhead full body harness system...
October 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553011/computational-fluid-dynamics-discrete-element-method-cfd-dem-study-of-mass-transfer-mechanisms-in-riser-flow
#15
Álvaro E Carlos Varas, E A J F Peters, J A M Kuipers
We report a computational fluid dynamics-discrete element method (CFD-DEM) simulation study on the interplay between mass transfer and a heterogeneous catalyzed chemical reaction in cocurrent gas-particle flows as encountered in risers. Slip velocity, axial gas dispersion, gas bypassing, and particle mixing phenomena have been evaluated under riser flow conditions to study the complex system behavior in detail. The most important factors are found to be directly related to particle cluster formation. Low air-to-solids flux ratios lead to more heterogeneous systems, where the cluster formation is more pronounced and mass transfer more influenced...
May 17, 2017: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551911/-extrinsic-and-intrinsic-factors-for-falls-that-caused-hip-fracture
#16
Atzmon Tsur, Nael Shakeer, Zvi Segal, Dorit Itah, Dana Eluz
INTRODUCTION: Among the reasons described as possibly causing falls in older and elderly people are extrinsic factors such as bumping into objects, slipping on a wet floor, etc., and intrinsic factors - those that occur suddenly without warning. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the connection between the reasons for falls, extrinsic or intrinsic and different medical and nonmedical factors. METHODS: The survey included 82 people, 53 women and 29 men, who fell and broke their hip, underwent surgery, and were treated at the Rehabilitation Department...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543608/evaluation-of-a-state-based-syndromic-surveillance-system-for-the-classification-and-capture-of-non-fatal-occupational-injuries-and-illnesses-in-new-jersey
#17
Marija Borjan, Margaret Lumia
BACKGROUND: This preliminary study evaluates a real-time syndromic surveillance system to track occupationally-related emergency room visits throughout New Jersey. METHODS: Emergency Department (ED) chief complaint fields were evaluated from 79 of 80 hospitals in NJ in 2014, using work-related keywords and ICD-9 E-codes, to determine its ability to capture non-fatal work-related injuries. Sensitivity analysis and descriptive statistics, were used to evaluate and summarize the occupational injuries identified...
July 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478945/arm-reactions-in-response-to-an-unexpected-slip-impact-of-aging
#18
Zachary Merrill, April J Chambers, Rakié Cham
Slips and falls represent a serious public safety concern in older adults, with the segment of the United States population over the age of 65 accounting for about three quarters of all fall related deaths. The majority of falls in older adults are due to trips and slips. The objective of this study was to investigate how age affects arm reactions generated in response to unexpected slips. Thirty-three participants divided into two age groups (16 young, 17 old) participated in this study. Participants were exposed to two conditions: known dry walking (baseline) and an unexpected slip initiated when stepping onto a glycerol-contaminated floor...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474271/can-recovery-foot-placement-affect-older-adults-slip-fall-severity
#19
Shuaijie Wang, Xuan Liu, Anna Lee, Yi-Chung Pai
Following a slip occurred in the overground walking, a fall can be classified into two exclusive categories: feet-forward fall or split fall. The purposes of this study were to investigate whether the placement of the recovery foot would determine the slip types, the likelihood of fall, and the severity associated with each fall. The fall severity was estimated based on the impact velocity of body segments or trunk orientation upon fall arrest. One hundred ninety-five participants experienced a novel, unannounced slip while walking on a 7-m walkway...
August 2017: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431747/effects-of-vibration-training-in-reducing-risk-of-slip-related-falls-among-young-adults-with-obesity
#20
Feng Yang, Jose Munoz, Long-Zhu Han, Fei Yang
This study examined the effects of controlled whole-body vibration training on reducing risk of slip-related falls in people with obesity. Twenty-three young adults with obesity were randomly assigned into either the vibration or placebo group. The vibration and placebo groups respectively received 6-week vibration and placebo training on a side-alternating vibration platform. Before and after the training, the isometric knee extensors strength capacity was measured for the two groups. Both groups were also exposed to a standardized slip induced by a treadmill during gait prior to and following the training...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
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