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Slip and fall

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354748/spondylolisthesis-with-spondylolysis-in-a-17-month-old-a-case-report
#1
Marc O'Donnell, William F Lavelle, Mike H Sun
Spondylolysis is frequently seen in adolescents, typically at the L5 vertebral level. While there may be a congenital predisposition for spondylolysis, it has long been suggested that the defect results from a fatigue or stress fracture of the pars interarticularis. Spondylolisthesis may result from a bilateral spondylolytic defect and is frequently asymptomatic. There is a paucity of literature on infant and toddler spondylolysis, as the focus is primarily on school-aged children, typically those over ten years of age...
December 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279981/fall-risk-during-opposing-stance-perturbations-among-healthy-adults-and-chronic-stroke-survivors
#2
Prakruti J Patel, Tanvi Bhatt
Studies examining recovery from SLIPS and TRIPS indicate higher incidence of falls during SLIPS than TRIPS however, differences in the recovery mechanisms during these opposing perturbations have not been examined. We therefore aimed to compare the reactive balance responses contributing to fall risk during SLIPS and TRIPS at comparable perturbation intensity among community-dwelling healthy adults and chronic stroke survivors. Younger adults (N = 11), age-matched adults (N = 11) and chronic stroke survivors (N = 12) were exposed to a single SLIP and TRIP through a motorized treadmill (16 m/s2, 0...
December 26, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231784/feet-kinematics-upon-slipping-discriminate-between-recoveries-and-three-types-of-slip-induced-falls
#3
Leigh J Allin, Maury A Nussbaum, Michael L Madigan
This study investigated the relationship between feet kinematics upon slipping while walking and the outcome of the slip. Seventy-one slips (induced by walking over an unexpectedly slippery surface) were analysed, which included 37 recoveries, 16 feet-split falls, 11 feet-forward falls, and seven lateral falls. Feet kinematics differed between these four slip outcomes, and a discriminant model including six measures of feet kinematics correctly predicted 87% of slip outcomes. Two potentially modifiable characteristics of the feet kinematics upon slipping that can improve the likelihood of successfully averting a fall were identified: (1) quickly arresting the motion of the slipping foot; and (2) a recovery step that places the trailing toe approximately 0-10% body height anterior to the sacrum...
December 12, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201960/demographics-of-fall-related-trauma-among-the-elderly-presenting-to-emergency-department-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Hamid Reza Morteza Bagi, Sajjad Ahmadi, Maryam Hosseini
Introduction: Falling is reported to be the most common cause of mortality due to trauma in individuals over the age of 75 years. The present study is designed with the aim of determining the demographics of fall-related trauma among the elderly presenting to emergency department (ED). Methods: The present prospective cross-sectional study was carried out on all elderly patients ≥ 60 years old presenting to ED of a major referral trauma center in North West of Iran during 1 year...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201842/clinical-features-of-interhemispheric-subdural-hematomas
#5
Jae-Min Ahn, Kyeong-Seok Lee, Jae-Hyun Shim, Jae-Sang Oh, Jai-Joon Shim, Seok-Mann Yoon
Objective: Interhemispheric subdural hematoma (IHSDH) is uncommon, because of their unusual location. However, it is a distinct lesion with its unique characteristics. We investigated clinical features and outcomes of consecutive 42 patients with IHSDH, retrospectively. Methods: From 2006 to 2015, we treated 105 patients with IHSDH. All patients were diagnosed by computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging. We selected 42 patients with thick (3 mm or more) IHSDH...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190838/slipping-through-the-cracks-a-cross-sectional-study-examining-older-adult-emergency-department-patient-fall-history-post-fall-treatment-and-prevention
#6
Elizabeth M Goldberg, Ellen M McCreedy, Cameron J Gettel, Roland C Merchant
Falls are the leading cause of emergency department (ED) visits for fatal and non-fatal injuries among adults 65 years old and older. We aimed to better understand the fall history, risk for further falls, and actions taken to prevent further falls among this higher fall risk population. This cross-sectional study included older adults without cognitive impairment presenting to the Rhode Island Hospital ED from February to May 2017. Of the 76 participants, 35 self-reported no prior falls, and 41 self-reported at least one prior fall, of whom 20 fell on the day of ED presentation...
December 1, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183657/predictive-multiscale-computational-model-of-shoe-floor-coefficient-of-friction-original-article
#7
Seyed Reza M Moghaddam, Arjun Acharya, Mark S Redfern, Kurt E Beschorner
Understanding the frictional interactions between the shoe and floor during walking is critical to prevention of slips and falls, particularly when contaminants are present. A multiscale finite element model of shoe-floor-contaminant friction was developed that takes into account the surface and material characteristics of the shoe and flooring in microscopic and macroscopic scales. The model calculates shoe-floor coefficient of friction (COF) in boundary lubrication regime where effects of adhesion friction and hydrodynamic pressures are negligible...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163111/association-between-slip-severity-and-muscle-synergies-of-slipping
#8
Mohammad Moein Nazifi, Kurt E Beschorner, Pilwon Hur
Falls impose significant negative impacts to the US population and economy. A significant number of falls may be prevented via appropriate slip-responses since a strong relation exists between slips and falls. More importantly, as severe slips are more prone to result in a fall, identifying severe slippers along with the responsible factors for their adverse motor control and severe slipping should be the highest priority in fall prevention process. Previous studies have suggested that muscle synergies may be building blocks of the central nervous system in controlling motor tasks...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146768/adhesive-performance-of-tropical-arboreal-ants-varies-with-substrate-temperature
#9
Alyssa Y Stark, Katherine Arstingstall, Stephen P Yanoviak
The surface temperature of tree branches in the tropical rainforest canopy can reach up to 55°C. Ants and other small cursorial organisms must maintain adequate attachment in this extreme microenvironment to forage effectively and prevent falling. Ant adhesion depends on liquid secretions that should become less viscous at high temperatures, causing ants to slip. However, tropical arboreal ants have high thermal tolerance and actively forage on hot canopy surfaces, suggesting that these ants can maintain adhesion on hot substrates...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139186/factors-associated-with-home-hazards-findings-from-the-malaysian-elders-longitudinal-research-study
#10
Muhammad H Romli, Maw P Tan, Lynette Mackenzie, Meryl Lovarini, Shahrul B Kamaruzzaman, Lindy Clemson
AIM: Previous studies have investigated home hazards as a risk factor for falls without considering factors associated with the presence of home hazards. The present study aimed to determine patterns of home hazards among urban community-dwelling older Malaysians, and to identify factors contributing to home hazards. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the initial wave of the Malaysian Elders Longitudinal Research study were used. Basic demographics were obtained from the Global Questionnaire...
November 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134923/coefficient-of-friction-walking-speed-and-cadence-on-slippery-and-dry-surfaces-shoes-with-different-groove-depths
#11
Mansour Ziaei, Hamid Reza Mokhtarinia, Farhad Tabatabai Ghomshe, Maryam Maghsoudipour
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to determine the coefficient of friction (COF), walking speed (WS), and cadence while walking on slippery and dry surfaces using shoes with different sole groove depths to predict how much it is likely to fall. BACKGROUND: Design of shoe sole groove is crucial to prevent slipping during walking. METHODS: 22 healthy young men (mean age: 24.5 and body mass index: 22.5) volunteered for this semi-experimental study...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132257/risk-factors-for-non-fatal-occupational-injuries-among-construction-workers-a-case-control-study
#12
E Khashaba, M El-Helaly, A H El-Gilany, S M Motawei, S Foda
BACKGROUND: Substance abuse is a serious problem, because it affects both workers and young people. Prevalence and consequences of cannabis abuse among construction workers in particular are not well studied in Egypt. OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between non-fatal occupational injuries among construction workers and their demographic and occupational factors and to assess the frequency of cannabis abuse and its relationship to injury severity and workdays lost...
January 1, 2017: Toxicology and Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114716/trends-in-fall-related-ambulance-use-and-hospitalisation-among-older-adults-in-nsw-2006-2013-a-retrospective-population-based-study
#13
Serene S Paul, Lara Harvey, Therese Carroll, Qiang Li, Soufiane Boufous, Annabel Priddis, Anne Tiedemann, Lindy Clemson, Stephen R Lord, Sandy Muecke, Jacqueline Ct Close, Serigne Lo, Catherine Sherrington
Objective and importance of study: To describe characteristics and temporal trends of fall-related ambulance service use and hospital admission in older adults in New South Wales (NSW), Australia. Such information will facilitate a more targeted approach to planning and delivery of health services to prevent falls and their adverse sequelae in different groups of older adults. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective population-based descriptive study. METHODS: Fall-related ambulance use and hospital admissions for all falls and injurious falls in NSW residents aged ≥65 years between 2006 and 2013 were obtained from two discrete sources of routinely collected data...
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099234/accident-risk-associated-with-smartphone-addiction-a-study-on-university-students-in-korea
#14
Hye-Jin Kim, Jin-Young Min, Hyun-Jin Kim, Kyoung-Bok Min
Background and aims The smartphone is one of the most popular devices, with the average smartphone usage at 162 min/day and the average length of phone usage at 15.79 hr/week. Although significant concerns have been made about the health effects of smartphone addiction, the relationship between smartphone addiction and accidents has rarely been studied. We examined the association between smartphone addiction and accidents among South Korean university students. Methods A total of 608 college students completed an online survey that included their experience of accidents (total number; traffic accidents; falls/slips; bumps/collisions; being trapped in the subway, impalement, cuts, and exit wounds; and burns or electric shocks), their use of smartphone, the type of smartphone content they most frequently used, and other variables of interests...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069267/prevalence-of-household-falls-in-long-lived-adults-and-association-with-extrinsic-factors
#15
Silviane Galvan Pereira, Claudia Benedita Dos Santos, Marlene Doring, Marilene Rodrigues Portella
OBJECTIVE: to identify the prevalence of falls among older adults and the extrinsic factors associated with them. METHOD: population-based cross-sectional study with 350 older adults. A household survey was conducted using a questionnaire addressing socio-demographic, clinical, and environmental characteristics. Data were analyzed using Stata Software V.10. Pearson's chi-square test and logistic regression analysis were used with stepwise criteria for selection of variables in the model, with measures of effect expressed in Prevalence Ratio...
October 19, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060720/a-new-fall-inducing-technology-platform-development-and-assessment-of-a-programmable-split-belt-treadmill
#16
Beom-Chan Lee, Bernard J Martin, Timothy A Thrasher, Charles S Layne
Typical technologies for fall reduction/prevention training incorporate mechanical obstacles or cables/pulleys to induce trip or slip perturbations. This paper proposes a technology platform that uses a split-belt treadmill equipped with one force plate underneath each belt and a real-time gait phase detection algorithm. A proof-of-concept study validates the method for inducing trip perturbations in healthy young adults (n=10) by using kinematic measures from a full body motion capture system to characterize the effects of the perturbations...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055127/shoe-floor-interactions-in-human-walking-with-slips-modeling-and-experiments
#17
Mitja Trkov, Jingang Yi, Tao Liu, Kang Li
Shoe-floor interactions play a crucial role in determining the possibility of potential slip and fall during human walking. Biomechanical and tribological parameters influence the friction characteristics between the shoe sole and the floor and the existing work mainly focus on experimental studies. In this paper, we present modeling, analysis, and experiments to understand slip and force distributions between the shoe sole and floor surface during human walking. We present results for both soft and hard sole material...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959427/raised-serum-lactate-in-a-cirrhotic-patient-presenting-after-a-trivial-fall
#18
Olusegun M Ayeko, Jonathan Barrow, Michael O Ayeko
We present the case of a pelvic fracture in a 69-year-old man with Child-Pugh class C cirrhosis who presented to the Accident and Emergency department after a slip on wet grass. After initially being systemically well, he became haemodynamically unstable in the Emergency department requiring resuscitation via the massive transfusion pathway. He was admitted to intensive care unit for resuscitation following a CT angiogram which showed no arterial bleed, but significant retroperitoneal haematoma. He received a prophylactic embolization of the internal iliac artery 2 days later and his acetabular fracture was managed with skeletal traction...
September 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953071/applying-machine-learning-to-workers-compensation-data-to-identify-industry-specific-ergonomic-and-safety-prevention-priorities-ohio-2001-to-2011
#19
Alysha R Meyers, Ibraheem S Al-Tarawneh, Steven J Wurzelbacher, P Timothy Bushnell, Michael P Lampl, Jennifer L Bell, Stephen J Bertke, David C Robins, Chih-Yu Tseng, Chia Wei, Jill A Raudabaugh, Teresa M Schnorr
OBJECTIVE: This study leveraged a state workers' compensation claims database and machine learning techniques to target prevention efforts by injury causation and industry. METHODS: Injury causation auto-coding methods were developed to code more than 1.2 million Ohio Bureau of Workers' Compensation claims for this study. Industry groups were ranked for soft-tissue musculoskeletal claims that may have been preventable with biomechanical ergonomic (ERGO) or slip/trip/fall (STF) interventions...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934997/teatcups-with-automatic-valves-in-machine-milking-of-goats
#20
Alberto Manzur, José Ramón Díaz, Nemesio Fernández, Sebastià Balasch, Cristòfol Peris
This Research Paper addresses the hypothesis that using teatcups with automatic valves, without cutting off the vacuum prior to cluster removal, could increases the risk of mastitis and affect other milking variables on goats. A first trial used 46 intramammary infection (IMI)-free goats that had been milked with normal teatcups (without automatic valves) during a pre-experimental period of 8 ± 2 d postpartum. These animals were divided into two groups (n = 23), randomly assigning each group to teatcups with automatic valves (teatcups A) or without automatic valves (teatcups B) for a 20-week experimental period...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Research
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