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Slip and fall

Sarit Shimony-Kanat, Julie Benbenishty
OBJECTIVE: To characterize trauma-related falls in infants and toddlers aged 0 to 3 years over a 4-year period and develop a risk stratification model of causes of fall injuries. METHODS: Data on falls of 0 to 3 year olds from 2009 to 2012 were identified from a Jerusalem tertiary hospital trauma registry (N = 422) and the National Trauma Registry of Israel (N = 4,131). RESULTS: Almost half of falls occurred during the first year of life, and 57% of the children were Jewish...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
K M Tanvir Ahmmed, Christian Patience, Anne-Marie Kietzig
In this work, internal and external flows over superhydrophobic (SH) polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) were studied. The SH surface was fabricated by a one-step femtosecond laser micromachining process. The drag reduction ability of the textured surface was studied experimentally both in microscale and macroscale internal flows. The slip length, which indicates drag reduction in fluid flow, was determined in microscale fluid flow with a cone-and-plate rheometer, whereas a pressure channel setup was used for macroscale flow experiments...
October 12, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jessie Biles, Alan A Garner
INTRODUCTION: Although harness suspension trauma has been documented since the 1960s, especially in the mountaineering setting, there is little robust medical research into the area. Helicopter hoist rescue shares similar risks and is reserved for those cases that cannot be accessed safely by other routes, where extrication may be hazardous or will take an unreasonable amount of time. The single sling or chest harness used for hoist rescue is a single harness around the upper torso and is easier and quicker to apply than a stretcher...
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Ki-Won Young, Young-Uk Park, Jin-Su Kim, Hun-Ki Cho, Ho-Sik Choo, Jang-Ho Park
BACKGROUND: The talus has a very complex anatomical morphology and is mainly fractured by a major force caused by a fall or a traffic accident. Therefore, a talus fracture is not common. However, many recent reports have shown that minor injuries, such as sprains and slips during sports activities, can induce a talar fracture especially in the lateral or posterior process. Still, fractures to the main parts of the talus (neck and body) after ankle sprains have not been reported as occult fractures...
September 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Ryan Hulla, Michael Moomey, Tyler Garner, Christopher Ray, Robert J Gatchel
This study examined the biopsychosocial characteristics of chronic low back pain (CLBP) in an understudied but increasingly larger part of the population: the elderly (i.e., 65 years and older). A new innovative physical functioning measure (postural control, which is a proxy for the common problem of slips and falls in the elderly) was part of this biopsychosocial evaluation. Also, the National Institutes of Health (NIH)-developed Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) was also part of this comprehensive evaluation...
August 23, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
N Franco-Gendron, R Bergeron, W Curilla, S Conte, T DeVries, E Vasseur
Freestall dairy farms commonly present issues with cattle slips and falls caused by smooth flooring and manure slurry. This study examined the effect of 4 new methyl methacrylate (MMA) resin aggregate flooring types (1-4) compared with rubber (positive) and concrete (negative control) on dairy cow (n=18) ease of movement when walking on straight and right-angled corridors. Our hypothesis was that cow ease of movement when walking on the MMA surfaces would be better than when walking on traction milled concrete, and at least as good as when walking on rubber...
October 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Nadia Afrin, Risto Honkanen, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Pyry Lukkala, Toni Rikkonen, Joonas Sirola, Lana J Williams, Heikki Kröger
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether the risk of falls of different types is related to morbidity (number of chronic medical conditions) among postmenopausal women. STUDY DESIGN: This cohort study uses data from a population-based prospective cohort study (OSTPRE). The study population consisted of 10,594 women aged 47-56 years living in Kuopio Province, Eastern Finland, in 1989, who responded to postal enquiries at both baseline and 5-year follow-up, in 1994. Morbidity (i...
September 2016: Maturitas
Prakruti J Patel, Tanvi Bhatt
We examined whether aging with and without a cerebral lesion such as stroke affects modulation of reactive balance response for recovery from increasing intensity of sudden slip-like stance perturbations. Ten young adults, older age-match adults and older chronic stroke survivors were exposed to three different levels of slip-like perturbations, level 1 (7.75m/s(2)), Level II (12.00m/s(2)) and level III (16.75m/s(2)) in stance. The center of mass (COM) state stability was computed as the shortest distance of the instantaneous COM position and velocity relative to base of support (BOS) from a theoretical threshold for backward loss of balance (BLOB)...
October 1, 2016: Neuroscience
Tejal Kajrolkar, Tanvi Bhatt
Community-dwelling stroke survivors show a high incidence of falls with unexpected external perturbations during dynamic activities like walking. Previous evidence has demonstrated the importance of compensatory stepping to restore dynamic stability in response to perturbations in hemiparetic stroke survivors. However, these studies were limited to either stance perturbations or perturbation induced under the unaffected limb. This study aimed to compare the differences, if any, between the non-paretic and paretic sides in dynamic stability and protective stepping strategies when exposed to unexpected external perturbation during walking...
June 6, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
N Mahida, T Boswell
Non-slip socks are increasingly used to prevent falls in hospitals. Patients use them to walk to various parts of the hospital and also wear them in bed. Fifty-four pairs of socks and 35 environmental floor samples were obtained from seven wards in a tertiary referral hospital. Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) were detected from 46 (85%) socks and meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from five (9%). Environmental sampling cultured VRE from 24 (69%) floor samples and MRSA from six (17%) floor samples...
June 23, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
Catherine M Arnold, Vanina P M Dal Bello-Haas, Jonathan P Farthing, Katie L Crockett, Charlene R A Haver, Geoffrey Johnston, Jenny Basran
Women experience a rapid rise in the incidence of wrist fracture after age 50. Accordingly, this study aimed to (1) determine the internal and environmental fall-related circumstances resulting in a wrist fracture, and (2) examine the relationship of functional status to these circumstances. Women aged 50 to 94 years reported on the nature of the injury (n = 99) and underwent testing for physical activity status, balance, strength, and mobility (n = 72). The majority of falls causing wrist fracture occurred outdoors, during winter months, as a result of a slip or trip while walking...
September 2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
Leigh J Allin, Xuefang Wu, Maury A Nussbaum, Michael L Madigan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Byung Yong Jeong, Sangbok Lee, Jae Deuk Lee
BACKGROUND: Household waste collectors (HWCs) are exposed to hazardous conditions. This study investigates the patterns of workplace injuries and work-related illnesses of HWCs. METHODS: This study uses cases of workplace injuries and work-related illnesses of HWCs that occurred between 2010 and 2011. We analyzed 325 cases of injuries and 36 cases of illnesses according to the workers' age, length of employment, size of workplace, injured part of body, day and month of injury, type of accident, agency of accident, and collection process...
June 2016: Safety and Health At Work
(no author information available yet)
Lack of communication and in formation sharing between agencies concerned with elderly people's health and welfare mean that many slip through the net, says a new report.
December 19, 1987: Nursing Standard
Nick Lipley
HEALTH SERVICE employers are being urged to take steps to protect employees suffering injury from slips, trips and falls.
June 1, 2009: Nursing Management (Harrow)
Michael D Keall, Nevil Pierse, Philippa Howden-Chapman, Jagadish Guria, Chris W Cunningham, Michael G Baker
BACKGROUND: Injuries due to falls in the home impose a huge social and economic cost on society. We have previously found important safety benefits of home modifications such as handrails for steps and stairs, grab rails for bathrooms, outside lighting, edging for outside steps and slip-resistant surfacing for outside areas such as decks. Here we assess the economic benefits of these modifications. METHODS: Using a single-blinded cluster randomised controlled trial, we analysed insurance payments for medically treated home fall injuries as recorded by the national injury insurer...
June 16, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Myoung Hwan Park, Byung Yong Jeong
BACKGROUND: This study is concerned with the household moving works and the characteristics of occupational injuries and sick leaves in each step of the moving process. METHODS: Accident data for 392 occupational accidents were categorized by the moving processes in which the accidents occurred, and possible incidents and sick leaves were assessed for each moving process and hazard factors. RESULTS: Accidents occurred during specific moving processes showed different characteristics depending on the type of accident and agency of accidents...
June 9, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Ellen Taylor, Sue Hignett
PURPOSE: This systematic mixed studies review on hospital falls is aimed to facilitate proactive decision-making for patient safety during the healthcare facility design. BACKGROUND: Falls were identified by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services as a nonreimbursed hospital-acquired condition (HAC) due to volume and cost, and additional financial penalties were introduced with the 2014 U.S. HAC reduction program. In 2015, the Joint Commission alert identified patient falls as one of the top reported sentinel events, and the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) added slips, trips, and falls as a focus for investigators' healthcare inspections...
July 2016: HERD
Takeshi Yamaguchi, Hironari Higuchi, Hiroshi Onodera, Kazuo Hokkirigawa, Kei Masani
In this study, desired center of pressure (dCOP) was introduced to evaluate dynamic postural stability. The dCOP is defined as a virtual point on the ground, where the moment around the body center of mass (COM) becomes zero when dCOP and the measured COP (mCOP) coincide. We hypothesized that, when the misalignment of the dCOP and mCOP (dCOP-mCOP) increases up to a certain value due to a large perturbation during walking, it becomes difficult to make a compensatory step and to recover balance of COM and to continue gait...
2016: PloS One
Daniel S Peterson, Fay B Horak
Background The effect of levodopa on postural motor learning in people with Parkinson's disease is poorly understood. In particular, it is unknown whether levodopa affects improvement in protective postural responses after external perturbations such as a slip or trip, a critical aspect of fall prevention. Objective Determine the effect of levodopa on postural motor learning in people with Parkinson's disease. Methods We assessed improvement in protective postural responses in people with Parkinson's disease over short-term (1 day) perturbation training on and off levodopa...
May 9, 2016: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
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