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Slip and fall

Kazuyoshi Kobayashi, Shiro Imagama, Kei Ando, Tetsuro Hida, Kenyu Ito, Mikito Tsushima, Yoshimoto Ishikawa, Akiyuki Matsumoto, Masayoshi Morozumi, Yoshihiro Nishida, Yoshimasa Nagao, Naoki Ishiguro
STUDY DESIGN: A review of accident and incident reports. OBJECTIVE: To analyze prevalence, characteristics, and details of perioperative incidents and accidents in patients receiving spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In our institution, a clinical error that potentially results in an adverse event is usually submitted as an incident or accident report through a web database, to ensure anonymous and blame-free reporting. All reports are analyzed by a medical safety management group...
January 16, 2017: Spine
So Young Kim, Woojin Bang, Min-Su Kim, Bumjung Park, Jin-Hwan Kim, Hyo Geun Choi
Several reports have demonstrated associations between falls and nocturia in the elderly. However, little information is available regarding other age groups. This study evaluated the relationship between the frequency of nocturia and falls in men using a large, population-based survey in Korea, and the results were adjusted for various confounding factors. Data from a 2011 Korean community health survey (KCHS) were retrieved for 92,660 men aged 19 to 103 years. Information regarding the history of slips or falls in the past year was collected...
2017: PloS One
Sugosh R Prabhu, G B Dutt
Fluorescence anisotropies of a nonpolar solute, 9-phenylanthracene (9-PA), have been measured in 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium (alkyl = methyl, butyl, octyl, and dodecyl) bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imides ([RMIM][Tf2N]) with varying amounts (0-0.3 mole fraction) of lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide (LiTf2N). This study has been carried out to understand how the length of the alkyl chain and the concentration of the electrolyte influence the rotational diffusion of a nonpolar solute. It has been observed that the addition of an electrolyte to the ionic liquid increases the bulk viscosity of the system significantly, as the Li(+) cations strongly coordinate with the [Tf2N] anions in the polar domains...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
(no author information available yet)
OSHA is revising and updating its general industry standards on walking-working surfaces to prevent and reduce workplace slips, trips, and falls, as well as other injuries and fatalities associated with walking-working surface hazards. The final rule includes revised and new provisions addressing, for example, fixed ladders; rope descent systems; fall protection systems and criteria, including personal fall protection systems; and training on fall hazards and fall protection systems. In addition, the final rule adds requirements on the design, performance, and use of personal fall protection systems...
November 18, 2016: Federal Register
Andrew Sawers, Yi-Chung Clive Pai, Tanvi Bhatt, Lena H Ting
How does the robust control of walking and balance break down during a fall? As a first step in identifying the neuromuscular determinants of falls, we tested the hypothesis that falls and recoveries are characterized by differences in neuromuscular responses. Using muscle synergy analysis, conventional onset latencies, and peak activity, we identified differences in muscle coordination between older adults who fell and those who recovered from a laboratory-induced slip. We found that subjects who fell recruited fewer muscle synergies than those who recovered, suggesting a smaller motor repertoire...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
Sara L Arena, Julian L Davis, J Wallace Grant, Michael L Madigan
Slipping and tripping contribute to a large number of falls and fall-related injuries. While the vestibular system is known to contribute to balance and fall prevention, it is unclear whether it contributes to detecting slip or trip onset. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of slipping and tripping on head acceleration during walking. This information would help determine whether individuals with vestibular dysfunction are likely to be at a greater risk of falls due to slipping or tripping, and would inform the potential development of assistive devices providing augmented sensory feedback for vestibular dysfunction...
2016: PloS One
Devendra Bhattarai, Suman Bahadur Singh, Dharanidhar Baral, Ram Bilakshan Sah, Shyam Sundar Budhathoki, Paras K Pokharel
BACKGROUND: Agriculture work is one of the most hazardous occupations across countries of all income groups. In Nepal, 74 % of people are working in the agricultural sector. This study aims to identify patterns and factors associated with injuries among farmers of rural Nepal. METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in a rural village in eastern Nepal. House to house visit was done to collect data from the farmers. The study included 500 farmers from Shanishchare village in Morang district of Nepal...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Sarit Shimony-Kanat, Julie Benbenishty
OBJECTIVE: To characterize trauma-related falls in infants and toddlers aged 0 to 3 years over a 4-year period and develop a risk stratification model of causes of fall injuries. METHODS: Data on falls of 0 to 3 year olds from 2009 to 2012 were identified from a Jerusalem tertiary hospital trauma registry (N = 422) and the National Trauma Registry of Israel (N = 4,131). RESULTS: Almost half of falls occurred during the first year of life, and 57% of the children were Jewish...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
K M Tanvir Ahmmed, Christian Patience, Anne-Marie Kietzig
In this work, internal and external flows over superhydrophobic (SH) polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) were studied. The SH surface was fabricated by a one-step femtosecond laser micromachining process. The drag reduction ability of the textured surface was studied experimentally both in microscale and macroscale internal flows. The slip length, which indicates drag reduction in fluid flow, was determined in microscale fluid flow with a cone-and-plate rheometer, whereas a pressure channel setup was used for macroscale flow experiments...
October 12, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jessie Biles, Alan A Garner
INTRODUCTION: Although harness suspension trauma has been documented since the 1960s, especially in the mountaineering setting, there is little robust medical research into the area. Helicopter hoist rescue shares similar risks and is reserved for those cases that cannot be accessed safely by other routes, where extrication may be hazardous or will take an unreasonable amount of time. The single sling or chest harness used for hoist rescue is a single harness around the upper torso and is easier and quicker to apply than a stretcher...
September 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
Ki-Won Young, Young-Uk Park, Jin-Su Kim, Hun-Ki Cho, Ho-Sik Choo, Jang-Ho Park
BACKGROUND: The talus has a very complex anatomical morphology and is mainly fractured by a major force caused by a fall or a traffic accident. Therefore, a talus fracture is not common. However, many recent reports have shown that minor injuries, such as sprains and slips during sports activities, can induce a talar fracture especially in the lateral or posterior process. Still, fractures to the main parts of the talus (neck and body) after ankle sprains have not been reported as occult fractures...
September 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Ryan Hulla, Michael Moomey, Tyler Garner, Christopher Ray, Robert J Gatchel
This study examined the biopsychosocial characteristics of chronic low back pain (CLBP) in an understudied but increasingly larger part of the population: the elderly (i.e., 65 years and older). A new innovative physical functioning measure (postural control, which is a proxy for the common problem of slips and falls in the elderly) was part of this biopsychosocial evaluation. Also, the National Institutes of Health (NIH)-developed Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) was also part of this comprehensive evaluation...
August 23, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
N Franco-Gendron, R Bergeron, W Curilla, S Conte, T DeVries, E Vasseur
Freestall dairy farms commonly present issues with cattle slips and falls caused by smooth flooring and manure slurry. This study examined the effect of 4 new methyl methacrylate (MMA) resin aggregate flooring types (1-4) compared with rubber (positive) and concrete (negative control) on dairy cow (n=18) ease of movement when walking on straight and right-angled corridors. Our hypothesis was that cow ease of movement when walking on the MMA surfaces would be better than when walking on traction milled concrete, and at least as good as when walking on rubber...
October 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Nadia Afrin, Risto Honkanen, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Pyry Lukkala, Toni Rikkonen, Joonas Sirola, Lana J Williams, Heikki Kröger
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether the risk of falls of different types is related to morbidity (number of chronic medical conditions) among postmenopausal women. STUDY DESIGN: This cohort study uses data from a population-based prospective cohort study (OSTPRE). The study population consisted of 10,594 women aged 47-56 years living in Kuopio Province, Eastern Finland, in 1989, who responded to postal enquiries at both baseline and 5-year follow-up, in 1994. Morbidity (i...
September 2016: Maturitas
Prakruti J Patel, Tanvi Bhatt
We examined whether aging with and without a cerebral lesion such as stroke affects modulation of reactive balance response for recovery from increasing intensity of sudden slip-like stance perturbations. Ten young adults, older age-match adults and older chronic stroke survivors were exposed to three different levels of slip-like perturbations, level 1 (7.75m/s(2)), Level II (12.00m/s(2)) and level III (16.75m/s(2)) in stance. The center of mass (COM) state stability was computed as the shortest distance of the instantaneous COM position and velocity relative to base of support (BOS) from a theoretical threshold for backward loss of balance (BLOB)...
October 1, 2016: Neuroscience
Tejal Kajrolkar, Tanvi Bhatt
Community-dwelling stroke survivors show a high incidence of falls with unexpected external perturbations during dynamic activities like walking. Previous evidence has demonstrated the importance of compensatory stepping to restore dynamic stability in response to perturbations in hemiparetic stroke survivors. However, these studies were limited to either stance perturbations or perturbation induced under the unaffected limb. This study aimed to compare the differences, if any, between the non-paretic and paretic sides in dynamic stability and protective stepping strategies when exposed to unexpected external perturbation during walking...
June 6, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
N Mahida, T Boswell
Non-slip socks are increasingly used to prevent falls in hospitals. Patients use them to walk to various parts of the hospital and also wear them in bed. Fifty-four pairs of socks and 35 environmental floor samples were obtained from seven wards in a tertiary referral hospital. Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) were detected from 46 (85%) socks and meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) from five (9%). Environmental sampling cultured VRE from 24 (69%) floor samples and MRSA from six (17%) floor samples...
June 23, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
Catherine M Arnold, Vanina P M Dal Bello-Haas, Jonathan P Farthing, Katie L Crockett, Charlene R A Haver, Geoffrey Johnston, Jenny Basran
Women experience a rapid rise in the incidence of wrist fracture after age 50. Accordingly, this study aimed to (1) determine the internal and environmental fall-related circumstances resulting in a wrist fracture, and (2) examine the relationship of functional status to these circumstances. Women aged 50 to 94 years reported on the nature of the injury (n = 99) and underwent testing for physical activity status, balance, strength, and mobility (n = 72). The majority of falls causing wrist fracture occurred outdoors, during winter months, as a result of a slip or trip while walking...
2016: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
Leigh J Allin, Xuefang Wu, Maury A Nussbaum, Michael L Madigan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Byung Yong Jeong, Sangbok Lee, Jae Deuk Lee
BACKGROUND: Household waste collectors (HWCs) are exposed to hazardous conditions. This study investigates the patterns of workplace injuries and work-related illnesses of HWCs. METHODS: This study uses cases of workplace injuries and work-related illnesses of HWCs that occurred between 2010 and 2011. We analyzed 325 cases of injuries and 36 cases of illnesses according to the workers' age, length of employment, size of workplace, injured part of body, day and month of injury, type of accident, agency of accident, and collection process...
June 2016: Safety and Health At Work
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