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"trait worry"

Frances Meeten, Graham C L Davey, Elena Makovac, David R Watson, Sarah N Garfinkel, Hugo D Critchley, Cristina Ottaviani
Excessive and uncontrollable worry is a defining feature of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). An important endeavor in the treatment of pathological worry is to understand why some people are unable to stop worrying once they have started. Worry perseveration is associated with a tendency to deploy goal-directed worry rules (known as "as many as can" worry rules; AMA). These require attention to the goal of the worry task and continuation of worry until the aims of the "worry bout" are achieved. This study examined the association between the tendency to use AMA worry rules and neural and autonomic responses to a perseverative cognition induction...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Naomi Koerner, Teresa Mejia, Andrea Kusec
A number of studies have examined the association of intolerance of uncertainty (IU) to trait worry and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). However, few studies have examined the extent of overlap between IU and other psychological constructs that bear conceptual resemblance to IU, despite the fact that IU-type constructs have been discussed and examined extensively within psychology and other disciplines. The present study investigated (1) the associations of IU, trait worry, and GAD status to a negative risk orientation, trait curiosity, indecisiveness, perceived constraints, self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism, intolerance of ambiguity, the need for predictability, and the need for order and structure and (2) whether IU is a unique correlate of trait worry and of the presence versus absence of Probable GAD, when overlap with other uncertainty-relevant constructs is accounted for...
August 10, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Péter Pajkossy, Attila Keresztes, Mihály Racsmány
Worrying is a key concept in describing the complex relationship between anxiety and cognitive control. On the one hand, cognitive control processes might underlie the specific tendency to engage in worrying (i.e. trait worry), conceptualized as a future-oriented mental problem-solving activity. On the other hand, the general tendency to experience the signs and symptoms of anxiety (i.e. trait anxiety) is suggested to impair cognitive control because worrisome thoughts interfere with task-relevant processing...
September 7, 2016: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
Andrea Kusec, Kathleen Tallon, Naomi Koerner
Although numerous studies have provided support for the notion that intolerance of uncertainty plays a key role in pathological worry (the hallmark feature of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)), other uncertainty-related constructs may also have relevance for the understanding of individuals who engage in pathological worry. Three constructs from the social cognition literature, causal uncertainty, causal importance, and self-concept clarity, were examined in the present study to assess the degree to which these explain unique variance in GAD, over and above intolerance of uncertainty...
June 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Lien De Saedeleer, Gilles Pourtois
Performance monitoring enables the rapid detection of mismatches between goals or intentions and actions, as well as subsequent behavioral adjustment by means of enhanced attention control. These processes are not encapsulated, but they are readily influenced by affective or motivational variables, including negative affect. Here we tested the prediction that worry, the cognitive component of anxiety, and arousal, its physiological counterpart, can each influence specific processes during performance monitoring...
June 2016: Emotion
Jaap Lancee, Maarten C Eisma, Kristopher B van Zanten, Maurice Topper
We performed two studies in individuals with sleep problems to investigate trait, daytime, and nighttime repetitive thinking as risk factors for insomnia. In Study 1, 139 participants completed questionnaires on worry, rumination, insomnia, anxiety, depression, and a sleep diary. Trait rumination and trait worry were not associated with sleep impairment. In Study 2, 64 participants completed similar measures and a daytime and nighttime sleep-related worry diary. Only nighttime sleep-related worry was consistently associated with sleep impairment...
December 11, 2015: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Anke Versluis, Bart Verkuil, Jos F Brosschot
OBJECTIVES: Several studies have shown that perseverative, worrisome thoughts are prospectively related to subjective health complaints (SHC) and that a short worry postponement intervention can decrease these complaints. As SHC and worry are prevalent and costly, we tested whether the intervention can be offered online to reduce these complaints in the general population. DESIGN: A randomized parallel-group trial was conducted with self-selected participants from the general population...
May 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Della Commons, Kenneth Mark Greenwood, Rebecca A Anderson
BACKGROUND: Worry about physical health is broadly referred to as health anxiety and can range from mild concern to severe or persistent anxiety such as that found in DSM-IV hypochondriasis. While much is known about anxiety regarding physical health, little is known about anxiety regarding mental health. However, recent conceptualizations of health anxiety propose that individuals can experience severe and problematic worry about mental health in similar ways to how people experience extreme worry about physical health...
May 2016: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Daniel E Gustavson, Akira Miyake
The current study investigated the effects of trait worry, a subcomponent of trait anxiety, on the process of updating information in working memory (WM). A leading theory on anxiety and executive functions, attentional control theory (ACT), states that anxiety is not related to WM updating in emotionally neutral situations. Previous research, however, has focused almost exclusively on WM span tasks that primarily emphasised storage, rather than the updating of WM representations. Moreover, few studies have directly examined the effects of trait worry...
November 2016: Cognition & Emotion
Veronica Zavagli, Elisabetta Miglietta, Silvia Varani, Raffaella Pannuti, Gianni Brighetti, Franco Pannuti
PURPOSE: Caregiving to a family member with cancer might have health implications. However, limited research has investigated the psychophysical health of home-cared cancer patients family caregivers. In a previous study, we have found that a prolonged worry in daily life is a crucial variable compared to caregivers' psychophysical symptomatology. This investigation was designed to further examine the well-being of family caregivers, explore the domains of worry, and assess to what extent "content-dependent" worry could be associated with the caregivers' health METHODS: The sample consisted of 100 family caregivers of oncological patients assisted at home...
February 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Carolin Thielsch, Tanja Andor, Thomas Ehring
Cognitive models of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) suggest that excessive worry is due to positive and negative metacognitive beliefs and/or intolerance of uncertainty. Empirical support mainly derives from cross-sectional studies with limited conclusiveness, using self-report measures and thereby possibly causing recall biases. The aim of the present study therefore was to examine the power of these cognitive variables to predict levels of worry in everyday life using Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA)...
July 2015: Behavior Therapy
Philip Spinhoven, Brenda W Penninx, Andriana Krempeniou, Albert M van Hemert, Bernet Elzinga
Trauma-related rumination and worry predict chronic PTSD. This study examined whether habitual rumination and worry measured prior to trauma exposure make persons more vulnerable to the onset of PTSD, presumably because habitual ruminators and worriers will be more prone to cognitively appraise trauma exposure in a negative way. A sample of 2981 adults aged 18-65, consisting of healthy controls and persons with past or current depressive and/or anxiety disorders were assessed at baseline and at follow-up four years later (n = 2402)...
August 2015: Behaviour Research and Therapy
Bart Verkuil, Jos F Brosschot, Winifred A Gebhardt, Kees Korrelboom
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we tested whether high levels of daily worrying are associated with linking, a tendency to overvalue the attainment of specific lower level goals for attaining higher level goals, and more specifically the attainment of experiencing happiness. METHODS: Thirty-two patients suffering from work stress complaints and awaiting a stress management treatment and 31 healthy adults, who formed the comparison group, filled in a goal linking questionnaire and two widely used trait worry questionnaires...
November 2015: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
Max Owens, Nazanin Derakshan, Anne Richards
According to the predictions of attentional control theory (ACT) of anxiety (Eysenck, Derakshan, Santos, & Calvo, 2007), worry is a central feature of anxiety that interferes with the ability to inhibit distracting information necessary for successful task performance. However, it is unclear how such cognitive control deficits are modulated by task demands and by the emotionality of the distractors. A sample of 31 participants (25 female) completed a novel flanker task with emotional and neutral distractors under low- and high-cognitive-load conditions...
October 2015: Emotion
Katie L Burkhouse, Mary L Woody, Max Owens, Brandon E Gibb
There is preliminary evidence to suggest that worry is associated with dysregulated emotion processing resulting from sustained attention to emotional versus neutral stimuli; however, this hypothesis has not been directly tested in prior research. Therefore, the current study used the event-related late positive potential (LPP) to directly examine if high levels of trait worry moderate sustained attention to emotional versus neutral stimuli. Electroencephalogram data was recorded while twenty-two women passively viewed neutral, positive, dysphoric, and threatening emotional images...
February 19, 2015: Neuroscience Letters
Samantha G Farris, Michael J Zvolensky, Peter J Norton, Julianna Hogan, Angela H Smith, Alexander M Talkovsky, Lorra Garey, Norman B Schmidt
Limited work has examined worry, or apprehensive anticipation about future negative events, in terms of smoking. One potential explanatory factor is the tendency to respond inflexibly and with avoidance in the presence of smoking-related distress (smoking-specific experiential avoidance). Participants (n = 465) were treatment-seeking daily smokers. Cross-sectional (pre-treatment) self-report data were utilized to assess trait worry, smoking-specific experiential avoidance, and four smoking criterion variables: nicotine dependence, motivational aspects of quitting, perceived barriers to smoking cessation, and severity of problematic symptoms reported in past quit attempts...
October 2016: Behavioral Medicine
Hyaneyoung Olvera, Jafar Bakhshaie, Lorra Garey, Charles Jardin, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky
INTRODUCTION: Smoking and anxiety disorders frequently co-occur. Trait worry is a core symptom of anxiety disorders. While research suggests worry processes may be important to certain smoking behaviors, the mechanisms explicating these relations remain unknown. METHOD: The current study examined anxiety sensitivity (AS) as a potential mediator for the relation between trait worry and number of years being a daily smoker, latency to first cigarette of the day, smoking rate, heaviness of smoking, and nicotine dependence among treatment-seeking daily smokers (N = 376; 47% female; M age = 37...
June 2015: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Shi Min Liew, Nishta Thevaraja, Ryan Y Hong, Iliana Magiati
The high prevalence of anxiety symptoms in individuals with autism spectrum disorders has now been well documented. There is also a positive relationship between autistic traits and anxiety symptoms in unselected samples and individuals with anxiety disorders have more autistic traits compared to those without. Less is known, however, regarding which elements of autistic traits (i.e., social versus non-social/behavioral) or which other variables may mediate this relationship. This study investigated the shared and specific role of five autistic-trait related mediators (social problem-solving, social competence, teasing experiences, prevention from/punishment for preferred repetitive behaviors and aversive sensory experiences) in a non-clinical sample of 252 university students...
March 2015: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
C Ervin Davis, John W Stockstill, William D Stanley, Qiang Wu
BACKGROUND: Pain-related worry is distinct from, but related to, pain catastrophizing (PC) and anxiety. Worry and its relationship with other variables have been studied in people with chronic pain but not in people with chronic orofacial pain. The authors explored the prevalence of trait, general and pain-related worry and the association of worry with higher pain levels and other variables. METHODS: The authors assessed people who had a diagnosis of chronic orofacial pain by using nonpain-related trait worry, state anxiety, trait anxiety, PC and pain measures...
July 2014: Journal of the American Dental Association
Christine E Gould, Lindsay A Gerolimatos, Barry A Edelstein
BACKGROUND: Worry is experienced by many older adults, yet our understanding of the emotional experience of late-life worry is poor as findings regarding older adults are inferred from findings of studies conducted with young adults. In the present study, we aimed to characterize age differences in affect, self-reported arousal, and physiological arousal experienced during worry. METHODS: Fifty-three young (M = 21.4, SD = 2.6 years) and 55 older community-dwelling adults (M = 69...
July 2015: International Psychogeriatrics
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