Read by QxMD icon Read

Fetal healing

Zhong Zheng, Xinli Zhang, Catherine Dang, Steven Beanes, Grace X Chang, Yao Chen, Chen-Shuang Li, Kevin S Lee, Kang Ting, Chia Soo
In contrast to adult and late-gestation fetal skin wounds, which heal with scar, early-gestation fetal skin wounds display a remarkable capacity to heal scarlessly. Although the underlying mechanism of this transition from fetal-type scarless healing to adult-type healing with scar has been actively investigated for decades, in utero restoration of scarless healing in late-gestation fetal wounds has not been reported. In this study, using loss- and gain-of-function rodent fetal wound models, we identified that fibromodulin (Fm) is essential for fetal-type scarless wound healing...
September 22, 2016: American Journal of Pathology
David W Barrett, Anna L David, Christopher Thrasivoulou, Alvaro Mata, David L Becker, Alex C Engels, Jan A Deprest, Tina T Chowdhury
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether surgically induced membrane defects elevate connexin 43 (Cx43) expression in the wound edge of the amniotic membrane (AM) and drives structural changes in collagen that affects healing after fetoscopic surgery. METHOD: Cell morphology and collagen microstructure was investigated by scanning electron microscopy and second harmonic generation in fetal membranes taken from women who underwent fetal surgery. Immunofluoresence and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to examine Cx43 expression in control and wound edge AM...
October 2016: Prenatal Diagnosis
Katarína Valachová, Nicola Volpi, Robert Stern, Ladislav Šoltés
Hyaluronan is the major extracellular matrix glycosaminoglycan polymer present in vertebrate tissues, with a molar mass that can reach several megaDaltons. It is particularly prominent in the matrix of tissues undergoing rapid turnover, in fetal tissues, and wherever regeneration and repair are occurring. Hyaluronan has highly varied biological functions often dependent on molar mass, however they are highly dependent on source of hyaluronan, its purity and nature of contaminants. Hyaluronan of highmolar- mass is known for its anti-angiogenic, anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties, unlike hyaluronan of low-molar-mass that has the opposite effects...
August 24, 2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Feng Li, Gillian B Armstrong, Joyce Tombran-Tink, Christopher Niyibizi
Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) encoded by serpinf1 is a potent antiangiogenic factor found in a wide variety of fetal and adult tissues. Several reports have shown that lack of PEDF leads to osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) type VI whose hallmark is a defect in mineralization that leads to excessive osteoid build up that fails to mineralize. Because PEDF is antiangiogenic factor it would pose serious consequences on bone development and healing of fractures. To understand possible mechanisms by which PEDF plays a role in bone development and regulation of matrix mineralization, we determined the effects of exogenous PEDF on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression by human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and mechanisms of its regulation by PEDF...
September 23, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Sophia Khan, Miguel A Villalobos, Rachel L Choron, Shaohua Chang, Spencer A Brown, Jeffrey P Carpenter, Thomas N Tulenko, Ping Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) are a potential adult mesenchymal stem cell source for restoring endothelial function in patients with critical limb ischemia. Fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) play a major role in angiogenesis and wound healing. This study evaluated the effects of FGF and VEGF on the proliferation, migration, and potential endothelial differentiation of human ASCs with regards to their use as endothelial cell substitutes...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Peter Eisenhauer, Natalie Chernets, You Song, Danil Dobrynin, Nancy Pleshko, Marla J Steinbeck, Theresa A Freeman
The goal of this study was to investigate whether cold plasma generated by dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) modifies extracellular matrices (ECM) to influence chondrogenesis and endochondral ossification. Replacement of cartilage by bone during endochondral ossification is essential in fetal skeletal development, bone growth and fracture healing. Regulation of this process by the ECM occurs through matrix remodelling, involving a variety of cell attachment molecules and growth factors, which influence cell morphology and protein expression...
September 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Justyna Podolak-Popinigis, Anna Ronowicz, Monika Dmochowska, Agnieszka Jakubiak, Paweł Sachadyn
AIM: Fetal skin is known to heal without scarring. In mice, the phenomenon is observed until the 16-17 day of gestation - the day of transition from scarless to normal healing. The study aims to identify key methylome and transcriptome changes following the transition. MATERIALS & METHODS: Methylome and transcriptome profiles were analyzed in murine dorsal skin using microarray approach. RESULTS & CONCLUSION: The genes associated with inflammatory response and hyaluronate degradation showed increased DNA methylation before the transition, while those involved in embryonic morphogenesis, neuron differentiation and synapse functions did so after...
October 2016: Epigenomics
E D Marks, A Kumar
The burden of cardiovascular disease is a growing worldwide issue that demands attention. While many clinical trials are ongoing to test therapies for treating the heart after myocardial infarction (MI) and heart failure, there are few options doctors able to currently give patients to repair the heart. This eventually leads to decreased ventricular contractility and increased systemic disease, including vascular disorders that could result in stroke. Small peptides such as thymosin β4 (Tβ4) are upregulated in the cardiovascular niche during fetal development and after injuries such as MI, providing increased neovasculogenesis and paracrine signals for endogenous stem cell recruitment to aid in wound repair...
2016: Vitamins and Hormones
Ming-Feng Wu, Tanja Stachon, Achim Langenbucher, Berthold Seitz, Nóra Szentmáry
PURPOSE: To analyze the effects of different concentrations of amniotic membrane suspension (AMS) or amniotic membrane homogenate (AMH) on human corneal epithelial cell (HCEC) viability, migration and proliferation. METHODS: Amniotic membranes (AMs) of 13 placentas were prepared and stored at -80°C. For AMS preparation, following de-freezing, AM pieces were inserted in six-well plates and 5 ml Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium (DMEM)/F12 (with 5% fetal bovine serum, FBS) per gram tissue was added for 96 h...
July 15, 2016: Current Eye Research
Fernanda G Basso, Diana G Soares, Taisa N Pansani, Lais M Cardoso, Débora L Scheffel, Carlos Alberto de Souza Costa, Josimeri Hebling
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Increased expression of inflammatory cytokines in the oral cavity has been related to the etiopathogenesis of oral mucositis and to delayed oral mucosal repair. Low-level laser therapy (LLLT) stimulates proliferation and migration of gingival fibroblasts, but the effects of specific inflammatory cytokines on oral mucosal cells and the modulation of these effects by LLLT have not been fully investigated. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of LLLT on oral fibroblasts after being challenged by oral-mucositis-related inflammatory cytokines...
July 15, 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Luisa A DiPietro
All animals heal, and the ability to heal is requisite for human health. One aspect of repair that has always been considered to be essential for adequate healing is the creation of a new vasculature via angiogenesis. As adult skin wounds heal, a period of rapid and robust capillary growth creates a vascular bed that has many fold more capillaries than does normal tissue. Over time, most of the newly formed capillaries regress, resulting in a final vascular density similar to that of normal skin. Certainly, new capillaries are necessary to bring nutrients, immune cells, and oxygen to healing wounds...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
J García-Rodríguez, J Martínez-Reina
Woven bone is a type of tissue that forms mainly during fracture healing or fetal bone development. Its microstructure can be modeled as a composite with a matrix of mineral (hydroxyapatite) and inclusions of collagen fibrils with a more or less random orientation. In the present study, its elastic properties were estimated as a function of composition (degree of mineralization) and fibril orientation. A self-consistent homogenization scheme considering randomness of inclusions' orientation was used for this purpose...
July 8, 2016: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
Tripp Leavitt, Michael S Hu, Clement D Marshall, Leandra A Barnes, H Peter Lorenz, Michael T Longaker
From the moment we are born, every injury to the skin has the potential to form a scar, many of which can impair form and/or function. As such, scar management constitutes a billion-dollar industry. However, effectively promoting scarless wound healing remains an elusive goal. The complex interactions of wound healing contribute to our inability to recapitulate scarless wound repair as it occurs in nature, such as in fetal skin and the oral mucosa. However, many new advances have occurred in recent years, some of which have translated scientific findings from bench to bedside...
September 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Robert J Snyder, John Lantis, Robert S Kirsner, Vivek Shah, Michael Molyneaux, Marissa J Carter
Macrophages are mononuclear phagocytes established during embryogenesis and derived from the yolk sac or the fetal liver but also recruited from the blood and bone marrow under proliferative inflammatory conditions (such as tissue repair). Most importantly, they take on distinct phenotypes and functions crucial to healing upon localization in the wound. The objective of this review is to summarize recent findings in regard to the cellular mechanisms of macrophages and chronic wounds. Advances in the potential use of macrophage therapy have arisen based, in part, on the fact that early recruitment of macrophages is critical to wound healing...
July 2016: Wound Repair and Regeneration
Matthew T Houdek, Cody C Wyles, Paul G Stalboerger, Andre Terzic, Atta Behfar, Steven L Moran
BACKGROUND: Current options for in vivo regeneration of dermal tissue remain limited. The purpose of this study was to engineer a unique scaffold capable of recruiting dermal stem cells from adjacent tissue, thus circumventing the need to seed the scaffolds with stem cells before implantation, leading to skin regeneration. METHODS: A hydrogel scaffold was created through combination of type I collagen along with fractionated platelet-rich plasma. This was compared to a control hydrogel consisting of type I collagen and fetal bovine serum...
May 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Sinan Ozturk, Huseyin Karagoz, Fatih Zor, Gökhan Inangil, Kemal Kara
Recognition that a fetus can scarlessly heal in intrauterine life led to various animal studies in the mid 1980s exploring the possibility of fetal cleft lip/palate surgery. The idea of scarless cleft repair seemed like a possible dream after the promising results from the early animal studies. In this review, we analyze the progress made in the 30 years since our first experience with animal models.
2016: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology
Kang Pa Lee, Jai-Eun Kim, Won-Hwan Park, Heeok Hong
Tumor cell motility exhibits a crucial role in tumor development. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate whether thymol could reduce C6 glioma cell migration. Cell viability was determined using the EZ-Cytox Cell Viability kit. The scratch wound healing and Boyden chamber assays were performed to test C6 glioma cell migration in the presence of fetal bovine serum (FBS). Additionally, the study investigated whether signaling proteins relevant to C6 glioma cell migration, i.e., extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK)1/2, protein kinase Cα (PKCα), matrix metallopeptidase (MMP)9 and MMP2, were affected by thymol treatment...
April 2016: Oncology Letters
Haquima El Mourabit, Emilien Loeuillard, Sara Lemoinne, Axelle Cadoret, Chantal Housset
Myofibroblasts are matrix-producing cells with contractile properties, usually characterized by de novo expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin, that arise in fibrotic diseases. Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), known as perisinusoidal cells containing auto-fluorescent vitamin A, are the major although not exclusive source of myofibroblasts in the injured liver. Portal myofibroblasts (PMFs) have been defined as liver myofibroblasts derived from cells that are distinct from HSCs and located in the portal tract...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
Fernanda G Basso, Taisa N Pansani, Ana Paula S Turrioni, Diana G Soares, Carlos Alberto de Souza Costa, Josimeri Hebling
BACKGROUND: Multiple factors affect oral mucosal healing, such as the persistence of an inflammatory reaction. The present study evaluates effects of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and IL-8 on epithelial cells (ECs) and human gingival fibroblasts (GFs) in vitro. METHODS: GFs and ECs were seeded in 96-well plates (1 × 10(4) cells/well) in plain culture medium (Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium [DMEM]) containing 1% antibiotic/antimycotic solution and 10% fetal bovine serum, and incubated for 24 hours...
August 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Alberto Ferlin, Luca De Toni, Marco Sandri, Carlo Foresta
Skeletal muscles and bones form a joined functional unit sharing a complex mechanical, biochemical and hormonal crosstalk. A number of factors, including sex hormones, physiologically regulates the musculoskeletal system. Striking gender differences in muscle and bone mass and function are mainly caused by distinct actions exerted by estrogens and androgens. However, relaxin and relaxin-related peptides, such as Insulin-like peptide 3 (INSL3), might contribute to these sex-differences in physiological and pathological conditions (such as osteoporosis and sarcopenia)...
April 5, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"