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(pediatric* OR child*) AND ("electronic prescri*" OR "e-prescri*" OR "electronic order*" OR CPOE) AND (hospital*)

Mirela Prgomet, Ling Li, Zahra Niazkhani, Andrew Georgiou, Johanna I Westbrook
Objective: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the impact of commercial computerized provider order entry (CPOE) and clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) on medication errors, length of stay (LOS), and mortality in intensive care units (ICUs). Methods: We searched for English-language literature published between January 2000 and January 2016 using Medline, Embase, and CINAHL. Titles and abstracts of 586 unique citations were screened. Studies were included if they: (1) reported results for an ICU population; (2) evaluated the impact of CPOE or the addition of CDSSs to an existing CPOE system; (3) reported quantitative data on medication errors, ICU LOS, hospital LOS, ICU mortality, and/or hospital mortality; and (4) used a randomized controlled trial or quasi-experimental study design...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
Kristyn S Beam, Megan Cardoso, Megan Sweeney, Geoff Binney, Saul N Weingart
BACKGROUND: Computerized provider order entry (CPOE) is a technology with potential to transform care delivery. While CPOE systems have been studied in adult populations, less is known about the implementation of CPOE in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and perceptions of nurses and physicians using the system. OBJECTIVE: To examine perceptions of clinicians before and after CPOE implementation in the NICU of a pediatric hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of clinicians working in a Level III NICU was conducted...
April 5, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
Lina Patel, Jeff Michael, Nancy Allen, Lisa Schroeder, Lisa Berglund, Jason G Newland
OBJECTIVES: Care process models (CPMs) for certain conditions have improved clinical outcomes in children. This study describes the implementation and impact of a CPM for the evaluation of musculoskeletal infections in a pediatric emergency department (ED). METHODS: A retrospective pre-post intervention study was performed to analyze the impact of a musculoskeletal infection CPM. Patients were identified retrospectively through electronic order history for imaging of an extremity or joint and recommended laboratory tests...
March 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
Emily B Vander Schaaf, Elisabeth P Dellon, Rachael A Carr, Neal A deJong, Asheley C Skinner, Michael J Steiner
OBJECTIVES: The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) strives to improve the quality of care in the primary care setting. Recently, certification programs for patient-centered coordinated care have expanded to subspecialty care. Children with chronic conditions are particularly in need of patient-centered and coordinated care. Our objective was to compare parent perceptions of PCMH elements at primary care and specialty practices for children receiving specialty care. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey study...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
Maribeth R Nicholson, Peter N Freswick, M Cecilia Di Pentima, Li Wang, Kathryn M Edwards, Gregory J Wilson, Thomas R Talbot
BACKGROUND Infants and young children are frequently colonized with C. difficile but rarely have symptomatic disease. However, C. difficile testing remains prevalent in this age group. OBJECTIVE To design a computerized provider order entry (CPOE) alert to decrease testing for C. difficile in young children and infants. DESIGN An interventional age-targeted before-after trial with comparison group SETTING Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee. PATIENTS All children seen in the inpatient or emergency room settings from July 2012 through July 2013 (pre-CPOE alert) and September 2013 through September 2014 (post-CPOE alert) INTERVENTION In August of 2013, we implemented a CPOE alert advising against testing in infants and young children based on the American Academy of Pediatrics recommendations with an optional override...
February 21, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Abdurahman Omar, Johan Ellenius, Synnöve Lindemalm
This study aims to evaluate pediatrician's acceptance, perception and use of Electronic Prescribing Decision Support Systems (EPDSS) at a tertiary care using Extended Technology Acceptance Model (TAM2). Qualitative research methodology was applied. Semi-structured questions were developed according to TAM2 model. Pediatricians perceived that the EPDSS is useful and they showed a favorable attitude. However, perceived ease of use and output quality appeared to affect use of EPDSS. Concerns were expressed about complicated screens, difficulty to read and view medication overview of the patient, the navigation requires many clicks and medication system don't meet their need...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Jennifer Fuchs, Huay-Ying Lo, Andrew Peterman, Elizabeth Camp, Lindsay Chase
OBJECTIVE: To improve the frequency of electronic prescribing (e-prescribing) of discharge prescriptions at a children's hospital via a bundle of quality improvement interventions. METHODS: Surveys and focus groups were conducted with patient families and pediatric residents to identify barriers and propose solutions to e-prescribing. These data were used to generate a series of interventions, including the following: (1) provider education; (2) changes in patient registration workflow; and (3) electronic health record changes to improve the frequency of e-prescribing on the pediatric hospital medicine (PHM) service...
November 2016: Pediatrics
V Koutkias, J Bouaud
OBJECTIVE: To summarize recent research and select the best papers published in 2015 in the field of computerized clinical decision support for the Decision Support section of the IMIA yearbook. METHOD: A literature review was performed by searching two bibliographic databases for papers related to clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) and computerized provider order entry (CPOE) systems. The aim was to identify a list of candidate best papers from the retrieved papers that were then peer-reviewed by external reviewers...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
Juan D Chaparro, David C Classen, Melissa Danforth, David C Stockwell, Christopher A Longhurst
Objective: To evaluate the safety of computerized physician order entry (CPOE) and associated clinical decision support (CDS) systems in electronic health record (EHR) systems at pediatric inpatient facilities in the US using the Leapfrog Group's pediatric CPOE evaluation tool. Methods: The Leapfrog pediatric CPOE evaluation tool, a previously validated tool to assess the ability of a CPOE system to identify orders that could potentially lead to patient harm, was used to evaluate 41 pediatric hospitals over a 2-year period...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
Amanda Bevan, Niesh Patel
BACKGROUND: Whilst the prescribing of both in-patient and discharge medicines is electronic, there was no automatic notification to clinical pharmacists when a discharge prescription was ready to be screened. The notification required a member of medical or nursing staff to bleep their pharmacist informing them of a prescription's availability. This manual process led to a delay in pharmacist screening which impacted on discharge. Prescriptions designated for pre-packed or patient's own medicine use were not seen at all by a clinical pharmacist...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Jacalyn Rogers, Sonya Sebastian, William Cotton, Cheryl Pippin, Jenna Merandi
PURPOSE: The reduction of immunization errors through the use of age-specific alerts within the electronic medical record (EMR) and mandatory interactive education for prescribers is described. METHODS: A health system-wide initiative was implemented at an academic pediatric hospital to reduce the number of immunization errors. The preimplementation period (January 1-December 31, 2013) involved a baseline review of adverse drug events (ADEs) reported through a voluntary event reporting system to determine the number and types of immunization errors...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
Mollie Blazar Lebowitz, Karen L Olson, Michele Burns, Marvin B Harper, Florence Bourgeois
OBJECTIVES: Children treated with chronic medications are at risk of drug-drug interactions (DDIs) when hospitalized with an acute illness and prescribed new medications. We aimed to measure the prevalence of potential DDIs (pDDIs) among hospitalized children treated with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and to evaluate the impact of computerized physician order entry (CPOE) on pDDIs. METHODS: We analyzed a national sample of pediatric hospitalizations from 2005 to 2012 associated with administration of an AED and identified those prescribed a second medication with risk of a DDI...
May 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
Andy Fox, Sarah Pontefract, David Brown, Jane Portlock, Jamie Coleman
AIMS: The aim of the study was to develop a list of hospital based paediatric prescribing indicators that can be used to assess the impact of electronic prescribing or clinical decision support tools on paediatric prescribing errors. METHODS: Two rounds of an electronic consensus method (eDelphi) were carried out with 21 expert panellists from the UK. Panellists were asked to score each prescribing indicator for its likelihood of occurrence and severity of outcome should the error occur...
August 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Christine L Schuler, Joshua D Courter, Shannon E Conneely, Meredith A Frost, Michael G Sherenian, Samir S Shah, Craig H Gosdin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Short courses of antibiotics are often indicated for uncomplicated skin and soft tissue infections (uSSTIs). Our objective was to decrease duration of antibiotics prescribed in children hospitalized for uSSTIs by using quality improvement (QI) methods. METHODS: QI methods were used to decrease duration of antibiotics prescribed upon hospital discharge for uSSTIs. We sought to accomplish this goal by increasing outpatient prescriptions for short courses of therapy (≤7 days)...
February 2016: Pediatrics
G A Gellert, V Hill, K Bruner, G Maciaz, L Saucedo, L Catzoela, R Ramirez, W J Jacobs, P Nguyen, L Patel, S L Webster
OBJECTIVES: To identify and describe the most critical strategic and operational contributors to the successful implementation of clinical information technologies, as deployed within a moderate sized system of U.S. community hospitals. BACKGROUND AND SETTING: CHRISTUS Health is a multi-state system comprised of more than 350 services and 60 hospitals with over 9 000 physicians. The Santa Rosa region of CHRISTUS Health, located in greater San Antonio, Texas is comprised of three adult community hospital facilities and one Children's hospital each with bed capacities of 142-180...
2015: Applied Clinical Informatics
Margarita Ruano, Elena Villamañán, Ester Pérez, Alicia Herrero, Rodolfo Álvarez-Sala
BACKGROUND: Medication error can occur throughout the drug treatment process, with special relevance in children given the risk of adverse effects resulting from a medication error is more prevalent than in adults. The significance of medication error in children is also greater because small error that would be tolerated in adults can cause significant damage in children. Moreover, the likelihood of injury is higher than in adults. DATA SOURCES: Based on the data published, most medication errors take place in prescribing and administration stages in both populations...
February 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
Claudia A Algaze, Matthew Wood, Natalie M Pageler, Paul J Sharek, Christopher A Longhurst, Andrew Y Shin
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that a daily rounding checklist and a computerized order entry (CPOE) rule that limited the scheduling of complete blood cell counts and chemistry and coagulation panels to a 24-hour interval would reduce laboratory utilization and associated costs. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of these initiatives in a pediatric cardiovascular ICU (CVICU) that included all patients with congenital or acquired heart disease admitted to the cardiovascular ICU from September 1, 2008, until April 1, 2011...
January 2016: Pediatrics
Perrine Joret-Descout, Sonia Prot-Labarthe, Françoise Brion, Julie Bataille, Jean-François Hartmann, Olivier Bourdon
BACKGROUND: Off-label or unlicensed medicine use is very common in paediatric practice, ranging from 11 to 80 %, and is one of the predisposing factors for adverse events (23-60 %). Medicine indications are the third leading reason for doctors to perform off-label prescriptions. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence and nature of off-label and unlicensed medicine prescriptions in children and propose methods for risk reduction and management...
December 2015: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Sten Schubert, Martina Patrizia Neininger, Stefan Smers, Alfred Winter, Roberto Frontini, Astrid Bertsche, Thilo Bertsche
In tertiary care, computerized physician order entries may improve performance, cross-linking, and documentation when prescribing drugs. A clinical decision support integrated in these systems is discussed to prevent additional medication errors. For an optimal performance, the implementation into the clinical information systems is required to gain access to patient data (e. g. from laboratory). In routine care, the question rises whether a benefit of the systems can be proven in clinical studies and whether there is a difference between the systems...
June 2015: Medizinische Monatsschrift Für Pharmazeuten
Kabir Yadav, James M Chamberlain, Vicki R Lewis, Natalie Abts, Shawn Chawla, Angie Hernandez, Justin Johnson, Genevieve Tuveson, Randall S Burd
BACKGROUND: Use of electronic clinical decision support (eCDS) has been recommended to improve implementation of clinical decision rules. Many eCDS tools, however, are designed and implemented without taking into account the context in which clinical work is performed. Implementation of the pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) clinical decision rule at one Level I pediatric emergency department includes an electronic questionnaire triggered when ordering a head computed tomography using computerized physician order entry (CPOE)...
September 2015: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
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