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drop evaporation

Eva Kočišová, Martin Petr, Hana Šípová, Ondřej Kylián, Marek Procházka
Evaporation of a drop of biomolecular solution on a solid surface typically creates a ring-shaped drying pattern, formed by the so-called "coffee ring" effect. The size and shape of the "coffee ring" pattern is strongly dependent on the properties of the surface as well as on the deposited molecular solution or suspension. In this paper, we tested six types of surfaces differing in their physico-chemical surface characteristics (contact angles, wettability and roughness) as well as in the presence or absence of a base metal layer...
December 1, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Thao T T Nguyen, Akshay Kundan, Peter C Wayner, Joel L Plawsky, David F Chao, Ronald J Sicker
Understanding the dynamics of phase change heat and mass transfer in the three-phase contact line region is a critical step toward improving the efficiency of phase change processes. Phase change becomes especially complicated when a fluid mixture is used. In this paper, a wickless heat pipe was operated on the International Space Station (ISS) to study the contact line dynamics of a pentane/isohexane mixture. Different interfacial regions were identified, compared, and studied. Using high resolution (50×), interference images, we calculated the curvature gradient of the liquid-vapor interface at the contact line region along the edges of the heat pipe...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Kakoli Banerjee, Roberto Cazzolla Gatti, Abhijit Mitra
The alterations in the salinity profile are an indirect, but potentially sensitive, indicator for detecting changes in precipitation, evaporation, river run-off, glacier retreat, and ice melt. These changes have a high impact on the growth of coastal plant species, such as mangroves. Here, we present estimates of the variability of salinity and the biomass of a stenoecious mangrove species (Heritiera fomes, commonly referred to as Sundari) in the aquatic subsystem of the lower Gangetic delta based on a dataset from 2004 to 2015...
November 1, 2016: Ambio
J T Banasek, J T Engelbrecht, S A Pikuz, T A Shelkovenko, D A Hammer
We have shown that the Zeeman splitting of the sodium (Na) D-lines at 5890 Å and 5896 Å can be used to measure the magnetic field produced by the current flowing in an exploding wire prior to wire explosion. After wire explosion, the lines in question are either not visible in the strong continuum from the exploding wire plasma, or too broad to measure the magnetic field by methods discussed in this paper. We have determined magnetic fields in the range 10-20 T, which lies between the small field and Paschen-Back regimes for the Na D-lines, over a period of about 70 ns on a 10 kA peak current machine...
October 2016: Review of Scientific Instruments
Dong-Ook Kim, Min Pack, Han Hu, Hyoungsoo Kim, Ying Sun
Ellipsoidal particles have previously been shown to suppress the coffee-ring effect in millimeter-sized colloidal droplets. Compared to their spherical counterparts, ellipsoidal particles experience stronger adsorption energy to the drop surface where the anisotropy-induced deformation of the liquid-air interface leads to much greater capillary attractions between particles. Using inkjet-printed colloidal drops of varying drop size, particle concentration, and particle aspect ratio, the present work demonstrates how the suppression of the coffee-ring is not only a function of the particle anisotropy, but rather a competition between the propensity for particles to assemble at the drop surface via capillary interactions and the evaporation-driven particle motion to the contact line...
October 27, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Michael Agthe, Tomás S Plivelic, Ana Labrador, Lennart Bergström, German Salazar-Alvarez
Mesocrystals composed of crystallographically aligned nanocrystals are present in biominerals and assembled materials which show strongly directional properties of importance for mechanical protection and functional devices. Mesocrystals are commonly formed by complex biomineralization processes and can also be generated by assembly of anisotropic nanocrystals. Here, we follow the evaporation-induced assembly of maghemite nanocubes into mesocrystals in real time in levitating drops. Analysis of time-resolved small-angle X-ray scattering data and ex situ scanning electron microscopy together with interparticle potential calculations show that the substrate-free, particle-mediated crystallization process proceeds in two stages involving the formation and rapid transformation of a dense, structurally disordered phase into ordered mesocrystals...
October 31, 2016: Nano Letters
Dulcia W N Tan, Soo Ghim Lim, Tina T Wong, Subbu S Venkatraman
Currently, infections following cataract surgery are not as effectively managed with antibiotic eye drops, which suffer from poor bioavailability of drug and low patient compliance. The ideal solution, which can help to overcome the issue of drug wastage and poor bioavailabilty, as well as the need for frequent applications (patient inconvenience), is a drug-eluting intraocular lens (IOL). We describe a novel approach to such a drug-eluting lens by using a peripheral IOL attachment as a drug depot to deliver antibiotics, Levofloxacin (LFX) or Moxifloxacin (MFX)...
2016: PloS One
Victoria C Harrold, James S Sharp
An instrument was developed for measuring real time changes in the surface tension and viscosity of multicomponent droplets of miscible liquids and other soft materials. Droplets containing glycerol and water were supported on superamphiphobic surfaces and vibrated by applying a short mechanical impulse. Laser light was refracted through the droplets and allowed to fall on the surface of a photodiode. Time dependent variations in the intensity measured by the photodiode during vibration were used to monitor the decay of the droplet oscillations...
September 30, 2016: Soft Matter
Hamza Al-Shehri, Tommy S Horozov, Vesselin N Paunov
We prepared model porous composite supra-particles and investigated the effect of the initial infused fluid phase on their attachment at the liquid-fluid interface. We used a simple method for fabrication of millimetre-sized spherical porous supra-particles from much smaller monodisperse latex microparticles as building blocks by evaporation of a polystyrene sulphate latex suspension on a hot super-hydrophobic surface. We annealed the dried supra-particles at the polymer's glass transition temperature to fuse partially their latex particle building blocks...
October 12, 2016: Soft Matter
Joseph J Armao, Jean-Marie Lehn
Non-volatile solutes in an evaporating drop experience an out-of-equilibrium state due to non-linear concentration effects and complex flow patterns. Here, we demonstrate a small molecule chemical reaction network that undergoes a rapid adaptation response to the out-of-equilibrium conditions inside the droplet leading to control over the molecular constitution and spatial arrangement of the deposition pattern. Adaptation results in a pronounced coffee stain effect and coupling to chemical concentration gradients within the drop is demonstrated...
October 17, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Hyunsook Jung, Dongha Kah, Kyoung Chan Lim, Jin Young Lee
After application of sulfur mustard to the soil surface, its possible fate via evaporation, degradation following absorption, and vapor emission after decontamination was studied. We used a laboratory-sized wind tunnel, thermal desorber, gas chromatograph-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance ((13)C NMR) for systematic analysis. When a drop of neat HD was deposited on the soil surface, it evaporated slowly while being absorbed immediately into the matrix. The initial evaporation or drying rates of the HD drop were found to be power-dependent on temperature and initial drop volume...
January 2017: Environmental Pollution
Enrique Pérez-Gutiérrez, Denisse Barreiro-Argüelles, José-Luis Maldonado, Marco-Antonio Meneses-Nava, Oracio Barbosa-García, Gabriel Ramos-Ortíz, Mario Rodríguez, Canek Fuentes-Hernández
In this Research Article, the effect of two techniques for top-electrode deposition in organic photovoltaics (OPVs) cells with the configuration ITO/PEDOT:PSS/PTB7-Th:PC71BM/PFN/top-electrode is analyzed. One deposition was made by evaporation under high vacuum, meanwhile the other was carried out at normal room atmosphere; for the former, a double layer of Ca and the eutectic alloy Field's metal (FM) was thermally evaporated, while for the latter FM was deposited just by melting and dropping it on top of the delimited active area at temperatures about 90 °C...
October 12, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
E Cuesta, R L Lozano, E G San Miguel, M Casas-Ruiz, J P Bolívar
This paper relates the calibration of a low background gas-flow proportional counter. This calibration has been used to determine low activity of (234)Th in coastal water samples. Two methods were used to prepare calibration samples: Evaporation and Electrodeposition. First method was rejected due to the lack of reproducibility because the different geometry adopted by the drops of tracer once dried on the disk. On the contrary, through the second method, similar efficiencies were obtained in all detectors with an average of 0...
September 13, 2016: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Kyung Man Park, Jeong Hee Moon, Seong Hoon Lee, Myung Soo Kim
In profiling of a specimen by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) using a solid matrix, the solvent of the matrix solution extracts an analyte(s). A quantitative profiling cannot be achieved if the solvent evaporates before the complete extraction of the analyte. The extraction can become more quantitative when a liquid matrix dissolved in a solvent is used, which remains a liquid even after the evaporation of the solvent. To check this, radii of an analyte circle (rA ), a matrix solution drop (rD ), and a liquid matrix (rM ) remaining after the solvent evaporation were controlled...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
Maryam Kouchak, Reza Bahmandar, Neda Bavarsad, Fereydoun Farrahi
Dorzolamide ophthalmic drop is one of the most common glaucoma medications but it has a short residence time in the eye. The aim of this study is to develop ocular dorzolamide HCl nanoliposomes (DRZ - nanoliposomes) and to evaluate their potential use for the treatment of ocular hypertension. Nanoliposomes were prepared using Reverse-phase evaporation vesicle (REV) and thin layer hydration (TLH) method with 7:3 and 7:4 molar ratios of phosphatidylcholine:cholesterol. The physicochemical properties of the formulations were investigated...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Matthias Heinen, Jadran Vrabec, Johann Fischer
Molecular dynamics simulations are reported for the evaporation of a liquid into vacuum, where a Lennard-Jones type fluid with truncated and shifted potential at 2.5σ is considered. Vacuum is enforced locally by particle deletion and the liquid is thermostated in its bulk so that heat flows to the planar interface driving stationary evaporation. The length of the non-thermostated transition region between the bulk liquid and the interface Ln is under study. First, it is found for the reduced bulk liquid temperature Tl/Tc = 0...
August 28, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
Hisay Lama, Venkateshwar Rao Dugyala, Madivala G Basavaraj, Dillip K Satapathy
We report the effect of applied magnetic field on the morphology of cracks formed after evaporation of a colloidal suspension consisting of shape-anisotropic ellipsoidal particles on a glass substrate. The evaporation experiments are performed in sessile drop configuration, which usually leads to accumulation of particles at the drop boundaries, commonly known as the "coffee-ring effect." The coffee-ring-like deposits that accompany cracks are formed in the presence as well as in the absence of magnetic field...
July 2016: Physical Review. E
Stéphanie Devineau, Manos Anyfantakis, Laurent Marichal, Laurent Kiger, Mathieu Morel, Sergii Rudiuk, Damien Baigl
The coffee-ring effect denotes the accumulation of particles at the edge of an evaporating sessile drop pinned on a substrate. Because it can be detected by simple visual inspection, this ubiquitous phenomenon can be envisioned as a robust and cost-effective diagnostic tool. Toward this direction, here we systematically analyze the deposit morphology of drying drops containing polystyrene particles of different surface properties with various proteins (bovine serum albumin (BSA) and different forms of hemoglobin)...
September 14, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Yijia Shen, Huixian Wang, Xiang Zhang, Yatao Zhang
Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) is a graphene-like two-dimensional inorganic material, which has been used for the first time as an inorganic nanofiller to prepare a composite mixed matrix membrane to separate CO2 and N2. Polysulfone (PSf) was used as a support substrate and poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) was used as the gutter layer. The selective layer was prepared by mixing a CO2-philic copolymer Pebax 1657 with MoS2 nanosheets to enhance CO2 permeance. In addition, a simple drop-coating and evaporation method was developed to prepare the selective layer...
September 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Pin Chen, Malika Toubal, Julien Carlier, Souad Harmand, Bertrand Nongaillard, Maxence Bigerelle
Evaporation of droplets of three pure liquids (water, 1-butanol, and ethanol) and four binary solutions (5 wt % 1-butanol-water-based solution and 5, 25, and 50 wt % ethanol-water-based solutions) deposited on hydrophobic silicon was investigated. A drop shape analyzer was used to measure the contact angle, diameter, and volume of the droplets. An infrared camera was used for infrared thermal mapping of the droplet's surface. An acoustic high-frequency echography technique was, for the first time, applied to track the alcohol concentration in a binary-solution droplet...
September 27, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
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