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copper chloride crystallization

Liang Liu, Junnian Wei, Yue Chi, Wen-Xiong Zhang, Zhenfeng Xi
The chemistry of magnesium organocuprates, including their synthesis, structures, and reactions, remains underexplored. In this work, by taking advantage of the high reactivity and ready availability of magnesiacyclopentadienes, a series of magnesiacyclopentadiene-based organocuprates were synthesized and structurally characterized. A variety of CuX salts (X=Cl, Br, I, or alkynyl) were successfully applied to react with magnesiacyclopentadienes. Besides CuX salts, AgX salts (X=Cl, alkynyl) also undergwent the above reaction to afford the corresponding magnesium organoargentates...
October 21, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Jong Won Shin, Dong Won Lee, Dae-Woong Kim, Dohyun Moon
The title compound, [CuCl2(C10H16N2O)], has been synthesized and characterized by synchrotron single-crystal X-ray diffraction and FT-IR spectroscopy. The 2-methyl-2-[(pyridin-2-ylmeth-yl)amino]-propan-1-ol (mpmapOH) ligand, including pyridine, amine and hy-droxy groups, was synthesized by the reaction of 2-amino-2-methyl-propan-1-ol with pyridine-2-carbaldehyde and was characterized by NMR spectroscopy. In its Cu(II) complex, the metal ion has a distorted square-pyramidal coordination geometry with two N and one O atom of the mpmapOH ligand and one chloride anion in the equatorial plane, and the second chloride in an axial position...
October 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Marta Löffler, Janusz Gregoliński, Maria Korabik, Tadeusz Lis, Jerzy Lisowski
The chiral macrocyclic amines R-L and S-L derived from the 3 + 3 condensation of 2,6-diformylpyridine and (1R,2R)-1,2-diaminocyclohexane or (1S,2S)-1,2-diaminocyclohexane form enantiopure trinuclear Ni(ii) and Cu(ii) complexes [Ni3(L)(H2O)2Cl5]Cl and [Cu3(L)Cl4]Cl2 and form the dinuclear complex [Zn2(L)Cl2](ZnCl4) with Zn(ii). The X-ray crystal structures of these complexes indicate remarkably different conformations of the ligand and different binding modes of the chloride anions. The structure of the copper(ii) derivative [Cu3(R-L)Cl4]Cl2·CH3CN·7...
October 4, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Faeze Mojtabazade, Babak Mirtamizdoust, Ali Morsali, Pejman Talemi
A sonochemical method by using various time and concentrations of initial reagents and power of irradiation, was used to synthesize nano-card house of a new copper(II) metal-organic coordination system, {[Cu2(p-2yeinh)2Cl2]·(H2O)}n (1), where p-2yeinh=pyridin-2-yl ethylidene-isonicotinohydrazide. The compound was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, X-ray powder diffraction (XPRD), and single crystal X-ray analysis. The X-ray structure revealed that the Cu(II) atom is coordinated by one oxygen and three nitrogen atoms from two p-2yeinh ligands and one chloride anion with a CuN3OCl donor set with square pyramid geometry...
September 28, 2016: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Graham E Jackson, Fatin M Elmagbari, Ahmed N Hammouda, Raffaele P Bonomo
Copper complexes have anti-inflammatory activity in the treatment of inflammation associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The preferred route of administration is through the skin, so the rate of dermal absorption and bioavailability of copper is important. Based on previous studies, 3-amino-N-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-propanamide, [H(56)NH2], was designed as a potential chelator of copper. The stability constant measurements revealed that MLH-1 is the most stable species at the physiological pH of 7.4. The X-ray crystal structure of this species was solved and copper was found in a rectangular pyramidal geometry...
October 4, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Abdelhakim Laachir, Fouad Bentiss, Salaheddine Guesmi, Mohamed Saadi, Lahcen El Ammari
The mononuclear title complex, [Cu(SCN)2(C12H8N4S)2], was obtained by the reaction of 2,5-bis-(pyridin-2-yl)-1,3,4-thia-diazole and potassium thio-cyanate with copper(II) chloride dihydrate. The copper cation lies on an inversion centre and displays an elongated octa-hedral coordination geometry. The equatorial positions are occupied by the N atoms of two 2,5-bis-(pyridin-2-yl)-1,3,4-thia-diazole ligands, whereas the axial positions are occupied by the S atoms of two thio-cyanate anions. The thia-diazole and the pyridyl rings linked to the metal are approximately coplanar, with a maximum deviation from the mean plane of 0...
August 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Li Yang Zhang, Li Ping Lu, Si Si Feng
Coordination polymers are a thriving class of functional solid-state materials and there have been noticeable efforts and progress toward designing periodic functional structures with desired geometrical attributes and chemical properties for targeted applications. Self-assembly of metal ions and organic ligands is one of the most efficient and widely utilized methods for the construction of CPs under hydro(solvo)thermal conditions. 2-(Pyridin-3-yl)-1H-imidazole-4,5-dicarboxylate (HPIDC(2-)) has been proven to be an excellent multidentate ligand due to its multiple deprotonation and coordination modes...
August 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section C, Structural Chemistry
Robert E Dinnebier, Andrea Fischer, Gerhard Eggert, Tomče Runčevski, Nanna Wahlberg
The crystal structure determination and refinement process of corrosion products on historic art objects using laboratory high-resolution X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) is presented in detail via two case studies. The first material under investigation was sodium copper formate hydroxide oxide hydrate, Cu4Na4O(HCOO)8(OH)2∙4H2O (sample 1) which forms on soda glass/copper alloy composite historic objects (e.g., enamels) in museum collections, exposed to formaldehyde and formic acid emitted from wooden storage cabinets, adhesives, etc...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Jing-Wen Sun, Peng-Fei Yan, Guang-Hui An, Jing-Quan Sha, Guang-Ming Li, Guo-Yu Yang
A series of three remarkable complexes [PMo12O40]@[Cu6O(TZI)3(H2O)9]4·OH·31H2O (H3TZI = 5-tetrazolylisophthalic acid; denoted as HLJU-1, HLJU = Heilongjiang University), [SiMo12O40]@[Cu6O(TZI)3(H2O)9]4·32H2O (denoted as HLJU-2), and [PW12O40]@[Cu6O(TZI)3(H2O)6]4·OH·31H2O (denoted as HLJU-3) have been isolated by using simple one-step solvothermal reaction of copper chloride, 5-tetrazolylisophthalic acid (H3TZI), and various Keggin-type polyoxometalates (POMs), respectively. Crystal analysis of HLJU 1-3 reveals that Keggin-type polyoxoanions have been fitted snuggly in the cages of rht-MOF-1 (MOF: metal-organic framework) with large cell volume in a range of 87968-88800 Å(3) and large pore volume of about 68%...
2016: Scientific Reports
Navid Hussain, Vimal K Bhardwaj
Three new Cu(ii) coordination polymers, namely, {[Cu3(L(1))(NO3)2(DMF)(H2O)]·3(DMF)}n (), [Cu3(L(1))(Cl)2(DMF)2]n () and [Cu3(L(2))(NO3)4(H2O)4]n (), were synthesized from pyridine-2,6-dicarbohydrazide based imine linked tritopic ligands. All the complexes were characterized using elemental analysis, IR, UV-vis spectroscopy and ESI-MS. The solid state structures of complexes were determined using single crystal X-ray crystallography. The complexes contain trinuclear copper units connected through different anions that lead to the formation of one dimensional (ID) chain structures...
May 4, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Sabine Becker, Maximilian Dürr, Andreas Miska, Jonathan Becker, Christopher Gawlig, Ulrich Behrens, Ivana Ivanović-Burmazović, Siegfried Schindler
Copper chloride catalysis is a well-established field in organic and inorganic chemistry. However, in most cases a detailed mechanistic understanding of the individual reaction steps and identification of reactive intermediates are still missing. The present study reports the results of spectroscopic and spectrometric measurements that support formation of copper agglomerates during catalytic processes. The composition of CuCl2·2H2O in several coordinating solvents and the influence of basic coreagents such as NaO(t)Bu and K2CO3 on the structure in the solid state as well as in solution were investigated...
April 18, 2016: Inorganic Chemistry
Ya Hui Liu, Li Ping Lu, Miao Li Zhu, Feng Su
Coordination polymers (CPs) built by coordination bonds between metal ions/clusters and multidentate organic ligands exhibit fascinating structural topologies and potential applications as functional solid materials. The title coordination polymer, poly[diaquabis(μ4-biphenyl-3,4',5-tricarboxylato-κ(4)O(3):O(3'):O(4'):O(5))tris[μ2-1,4-bis(1H-imidazol-1-yl)benzene-κ(2)N(3):N(3')]dicopper(II)dicopper(I)], [Cu(II)2Cu(I)2(C15H7O6)2(C12H10N4)3(H2O)2]n, was crystallized from a mixture of biphenyl-3,4',5-tricarboxylic acid (H3bpt), 1,4-bis(1H-imidazol-1-yl)benzene (1,4-bib) and copper(II) chloride in a water-CH3CN mixture under solvothermal reaction conditions...
April 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section C, Structural Chemistry
Manas Sutradhar, Elisabete C B A Alegria, M Fátima C Guedes da Silva, Luísa M D R S Martins, Armando J L Pombeiro
The reaction of the Schiff base (3,5-di-tert-butyl-2-hydroxybenzylidene)-2-hydroxybenzohydrazide (H3L) with a copper(II) salt of a base of a strong acid, i.e., nitrate, chloride or sulphate, yielded the mononuclear complexes [Cu(H2L)(NO3)(H2O)] (1), [Cu(H2L)Cl]·2MeOH (2) and the binuclear complex [{Cu(H2L)}2(µ-SO4)]·2MeOH (3), respectively, with H2L(-) in the keto form. Compounds 1-3 were characterized by elemental analysis, Infrared (IR) spectroscopy, Electrospray Ionisation Mass Spectrometry (ESI-MS) and single crystal X-ray crystallography...
2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Kazem Barati, William Clegg, Mohammad Hossein Habibi, Ross W Harrington, Arash Lalegani, Morteza Montazerozohori
Transition metal complexes of Schiff base ligands have been shown to have particular application in catalysis and magnetism. The chemistry of copper complexes is of interest owing to their importance in biological and industrial processes. The reaction of copper(I) chloride with the bidentate Schiff base N,N'-bis(trans-2-nitrocinnamaldehyde)ethylenediamine {Nca2en, systematic name: (1E,1'E,2E,2'E)-N,N'-(ethane-1,2-diyl)bis[3-(2-nitrophenyl)prop-2-en-1-imine]} in a 1:1 molar ratio in dichloromethane without exclusion of air or moisture resulted in the formation of the title complex μ-chlorido-μ-hydroxido-bis(chlorido{(1E,1'E,2E,2'E)-N,N'-(ethane-1,2-diyl)bis[3-(2-nitrophenyl)prop-2-en-1-imine]-κ(2)N,N'}copper(II)) dichloromethane sesquisolvate, [Cu2Cl3(OH)(C20H18N4O4)2]·1...
March 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section C, Structural Chemistry
Katherine A Bussey, Annie R Cavalier, Margaret E Mraz, Ashley S Holderread, Kayode D Oshin, Allen G Oliver, Matthias Zeller
The Cu(II) atom in the title compound, [CuCl2(C14H21F3N4)], adopts a coordination geometry that is between distorted square-based pyramidal and very Jahn-Teller-elongated octa-hedral. It is coordinated by three N atoms from the bis-(2-amino-eth-yl)(2-{[4-(tri-fluoro-meth-yl)benzyl-idene]amino}-eth-yl)amine and two chloride ligands. The two crystallographically unique copper complexes present in the asymmetric unit exhibit noticeable differences in the coordination bond lengths. Considering the Cu(II) atoms as having square-pyramidal geometry, the basal Cu-Cl bond lengths are typical [2...
January 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Paul Jurek, Joseph H Reibenspies, Garry E Kiefer
1,4,8,11-Tetraazabicyclo[6.6.2]hexadecane-4,11-diacetic acid (CB-TE2A) is of much interest in nuclear medicine for its ability to form copper complexes that are kinetically inert, which is beneficial in vivo to minimize the loss of radioactive copper. The structural chemistry of the hydrated HCl salt of CB-TE2A, namely 11-carboxymethyl-1,8-tetraaza-4,11-diazoniabicyclo[6.6.2]hexadecane-4-acetate chloride trihydrate, C16H31N4O4(+)·Cl(-)·3H2O, is described. The compound crystallized as a positively charged zwitterion with a chloride counter-ion...
February 2016: Acta Crystallographica. Section C, Structural Chemistry
Philipp Zürner, Horst Schmidt, Sebastian Bette, Jörg Wagler, Gero Frisch
The ionic liquid (C4mim)2CuCl3 was synthesised from a mixture of copper(i) chloride and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (C4mimCl) and investigated using crystallographic and thermoanalytical methods. In the crystalline state, the compound consists of C4mim(+) cations and triangular [CuCl3](2-) anions and forms three different modifications, which are connected through phase transitions at 227 and 203 K. The high and intermediate temperature phases crystallise in the space group C2, whereas the low temperature phase exhibits the space group P21...
February 28, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
M Latha, R Aruna Devi, S Velumani, Goldie Oza, P Reyes-Figueroa, M Rohini, I G Becerril-Juarez, Junsin Yi
Chalcopyrite Culn(1-x)Ga(x)Se2 (CIGS) nanoparticles were synthesized by mixing copper (I) chloride (CuCl), Indium (III) chloride (InCl3), gallium (III) chloride (GaCl3) and selenium (Se) in oleylamine (OLA) at 260 degrees C for 4 h under nitrogen atmosphere. The Ga/(In+ Ga) ratio was tuned across the entire stoichiometric range from 0 to 1. X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) revealed chalcopyrite crystal structure for samples prepared with x = 0, 0.3, 0.5, 0.7 and 1. The lattice parameters a and c decreased linearly with increasing Ga concentration which is consistent with Vegard's law...
November 2015: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Darrah Johnson-McDaniel, Sara Comer, Joseph W Kolis, Tina T Salguero
We describe the first hydrothermal synthesis of CaCuSi4 O10 as micron-scale clusters of thin platelets, distinct from morphologies generated under salt-flux or solid-state conditions. The hydrothermal reaction conditions are surprisingly specific: too cold, and instead of CaCuSi4 O10 , a porous calcium copper silicate forms; too hot, and calcium silicate (CaSiO3 ) forms. The precursors also strongly impact the course of the reaction, with the most common side product being sodium copper silicate (Na2 CuSi4 O10 )...
December 1, 2015: Chemistry: a European Journal
Anna V Vologzhanina, Svitlana V Kats, Larisa V Penkova, Vadim A Pavlenko, Nikolay N Efimov, Vadim V Minin, Igor L Eremenko
Interaction of 1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)ethanone oxime (H2PzOx) with copper(II) chloride in the presence of pyridine afforded a binuclear discrete [Cu2(HPzOx)2Cl2py2] complex, which was characterized by Fourier transform-IR and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra, magnetochemistry and high-resolution X-ray diffraction experiments. Multipole refinement of X-ray diffraction data and density-functional theory (DFT) calculations of an isolated molecule allowed charge and spin distributions to be obtained for this compound...
October 2015: Acta Crystallographica Section B, Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials
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