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Chien-Chun Liu, Chih-Chuan Lin, Yung-Chin Hsiao, Po-Jung Wang, Jau-Song Yu
Deinagkistrodon acutus, Trimeresurus stejnegeri, Protobothrops mucrosquamatus, Daboia russelii siamensis, Bungarus multicinctus and Naja atra are the six medically important venomous snake species in Taiwan. In this study, we characterized and compared their venom protein profiles using proteomic approaches. The major snake venom proteins were identified by GeLC-MS/MS and the total venom proteome was characterized by in-solution digestion coupled with LC-MS/MS. A total of 27-52 proteins, categorized into 23 protein families, were identified in each snake's venom...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
Peng Ao, Wenzhou Huang, Jian Li, Tianlong Wu, Libiao Xu, Zhongbo Deng, Wenjie Chen, Changchang Yin, Xigao Cheng
Serum deprivation is a likely contributor to intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration (IVDD).17β-estradiol (E2) have been noted to protect nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs) against apoptosis. Autophagy and apoptosis play a paramount role in maintaining the homeostasis of IVD. So far, little research has been published on whether autophagy could take place at this very moment when E2 provides protection for NPCs. The aim of this study is to understand whether autophagy is involved in the protective effect of E2 against serum deprivation-induced cell apoptosis and expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 and MMP-13...
June 18, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Min-Ke He, Yong Le, Yong-Fa Zhang, Han-Yue Ouyang, Pei-En Jian, Zi-Shan Yu, Li-Juan Wang, Ming Shi
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is among the most fatal types of cancer worldwide due to its high rates of recurrence and metastasis. The molecular processes involved in HCC progression require further investigation to identify biomarkers for use in diagnosis and treatment. In the present study, the significance and prognostic value of matrix metallopeptidase 12 (MMP12) expression in human HCC was investigated. MMP12 mRNA expression was investigated using reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis of 42 pairs of tumor and non-tumor liver tissues obtained from patients with HCC following surgical treatment...
July 2018: Oncology Letters
Guowei Ding, Yongchao Liu, Chunmei Liang
The present study intended to investigate efficacy of radiotherapy in the treatment of intermediate and advanced stage lung cancer and the effects on serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9). Serum levels of VEGF and MMP-9 of 77 patients with intermediate or advanced lung cancer were detected before and after the treatment. At the same time, 19 healthy people were selected as the control group. Gelatin zymography was applied to measure the activity of serum MMP-9, ELISA was performed to detect the VEGF and MMP-9 levels in the peripheral blood and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to measure the messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of VEGF and MMP-9 in serum...
July 2018: Oncology Letters
Weiqing Li, Xugang Zhang, Zhitian Li, Fusheng Jiang, Hongwei Zhao, Bo Wei
The aim of the present study was to identify genes with similar function to that of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in invasive lung adenocarcinoma (AC) and to screen the transcription factors that regulate MMPs. The gene expression dataset GSE2514, including 20 invasive lung AC samples and 19 adjacent normal lung samples, was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened using the limma package in R. Genes with similar function to MMPs were identified by K-means clustering...
July 2018: Oncology Letters
Shuhui Hong, Xiaoyan Li, Ying Zhao, Qifeng Yang, Beihua Kong
The major problems faced during the treatment of ovarian cancer are metastasis and the development of intrinsic or acquired drug resistance. The present study assessed whether tumor protein p53 binding protein 1 (53BP1) regulated migration and modulated chemotherapy resistance in SKOV3 cells and identified proteins associated with the molecular mechanisms underlying this coordinate regulation. SKOV3 cells were transfected using a 53BP1-expressing vector, which induced 53BP1 overexpression. The migration of the transfected cells was observed using a Transwell assay...
June 2018: Oncology Letters
Zhongcheng Zhu
The active ingredients of natural plants are important sources of antitumor agents. Miltirone is a major effective ingredient in traditional Chinese medicine and it is considered to have anti-infection and immunosuppressive activities. Clinically, it is often used for the treatment of arthritis and immune diseases. The effect of miltirone on cisplatin-resistant lung cancer cells has not been investigated to date. The present study aimed to examine the anticancer effect of miltirone in cisplatin-resistant lung cancer cells...
June 2018: Oncology Letters
Somaia M Abdelmegeed, Sulma Mohammed
Animal models for examining human breast cancer (HBC) carcinogenesis have been extensively studied and proposed. With the recent advent of immunotherapy, significant attention has been focused on the dog as a model for human cancer. Dogs develop mammary tumors and other cancer types spontaneously with an intact immune system, which exhibit a number of clinical and molecular similarities to HBC. In addition to the spontaneous tumor presentation, the clinical similarities between human and canine mammary tumors (CMT) include the age at onset, hormonal etiology and course of the diseases...
June 2018: Oncology Letters
Yue Yang, Yang Wang, Yawei Kong, Xiaoning Zhang, He Zhang, Yi Gang, Lunhao Bai
Background: The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant capacity of carnosine (CAR) has been investigated in autoimmune diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential protective effects of oral CAR supplements to ameliorate type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)-induced osteoarthritis (OA) in rats and its mechanism. Methods: Seventy male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the control group (CG, n = 10) and the T2DM group ( n = 60). A rat model of T2DM was established using a high fat diet and streptozotocin (30 mg/kg, i...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Nai-Jen Chang, Yanjmaa Erdenekhuyag, Pei-Hsi Chou, Chih-Jou Chu, Chih-Chan Lin, Ming-You Shie
BACKGROUND: Treating articular cartilage lesions is clinically challenging. However, whether the addition of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) to bioimplants along with early rehabilitation exercise provides therapeutic effects and regenerates the osteochondral defect remains uninvestigated. HYPOTHESIS: The addition of PRP to a polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) scaffold along with continuous passive motion (CPM) in osteochondral defects may offer beneficial in situ microenvironment changes to facilitate hyaline cartilage and subchondral bone tissue repair...
June 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Kathrin Tan, Christian Jäger, Dagmar Schlenzig, Stephan Schilling, Mirko Buchholz, Daniel Ramsbeck
Metalloproteinases of the astacin family are more and more drawing attention as potential drug targets. However, the knowledge about inhibitors thereof is limited in most cases. Crucial for the development of metalloprotease inhibitors is a high selectivity to avoid side effects through the inhibition of off-target proteases and the interference with physiological pathways. Here we aimed at the design of novel selective inhibitors for the astacin proteinase meprin α. Based on a recently identified tertiary amine scaffold, a series of compounds was synthesized and evaluated...
June 21, 2018: ChemMedChem
Wei-Cherng Hsu, Chun-Hsien Yu, Woon-Man Kung, Kuo-Feng Huang
Surgical brain injury may result in irreversible neurological deficits. Our previous report showed that partial regeneration of a traumatic brain lesion is achieved by implantation of collagen glycosaminoglycan (CGM). Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) may play an important role in neurogenesis but there is currently a lack of studies displaying the relationship between the stimulation of MMPs and neurogenesis after collagen glycosaminoglycan implantation following surgical brain trauma. The present study was carried out to further examine the expression of MMP2 and MMP9 after implantation of collagen glycosaminoglycan (CGM) following surgical brain trauma...
June 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
Boo-Yong Sim, Hak-Joo Choi, Min-Goo Kim, Dong-Gu Jeong, Don-Gil Lee, Jong-Min Yoon, Dae-Jung Kang, Soobong Park, Joong-Gu Ji, In-Hwan Joo, Dong-Hee Kim
Osteoarthritis is a disease that affects the articular cartilage and osseous tissue, and can be worsened by aging, overweight status, and post-traumatic arthritis. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of ID-CBT5101 (tyndallized Clostridium butyricum ) on bone metabolism and the inflammatory response in a monosodium iodoacetate-induced rat model of osteoarthritis. ID-CBT5101 was administered orally at doses of 108 CFU/day or 1010 CFU/day for 2 weeks before direct injection of monosodium iodoacetate (3 mg/50 µL of 0...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Keiichi Asano, Midori Edamatsu, Omer F Hatipoglu, Junko Inagaki, Mitsuaki Ono, Takashi Ohtsuki, Toshitaka Oohashi, Satoshi Hirohata
Several research groups demonstrated that 'a disintegrin-like and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motifs (ADAMTS)'-family proteases play roles in cancer progression. However, the origins and contributions of these proteases are not known. Here, we demonstrate an association between host-produced ADAMTS4 and early-stage tumor growth. Murine Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC) tumors showed marked expressions of Adamts4 and Adamts5. We examined the contributions and distributions of host-derived Adamts4 and Adamts5 on tumor growth, using Adamts4LacZ/LacZ and Adamts5LacZ/LacZ knockout mice...
June 2018: Acta Medica Okayama
Antoine Dufour, Caroline L Bellac, Ulrich Eckhard, Nestor Solis, Theo Klein, Reinhild Kappelhoff, Nikolaus Fortelny, Parker Jobin, Jacob Rozmus, Jennifer Mark, Paul Pavlidis, Vincent Dive, Sean J Barbour, Christopher M Overall
Controlled macrophage differentiation and activation in the initiation and resolution of inflammation is crucial for averting progression to chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Here we show a negative feedback mechanism for proinflammatory IFN-γ activation of macrophages driven by macrophage-associated matrix metalloproteinase 12 (MMP12). Through C-terminal truncation of IFN-γ at 135Glu↓Leu136 the IFN-γ receptor-binding site was efficiently removed thereby reducing JAK-STAT1 signaling and IFN-γ activation of proinflammatory macrophages...
June 20, 2018: Nature Communications
Harsha Mysore Rajagopal, Srikanta Belagihalli Manjegowda, Chandraprakash Serkad, Shylaja Mallaiah Dharmesh
Antiulcer potency of structurally defined low molecular weight modified pectin from turmeric (MTrPP) including inhibitory effects on H. pylori has been demonstrated previously by us. Given that ulcer is a disorder characterized by inflammatory responses leading to initiation, aggravation and perpetuation of disease conditions, the present study aims to understand the possible anti-inflammatory mechanisms through which MTrPP delivered antiulcer effects. Rats triggered with early phase gastric inflammation (LPS) followed by ulcer induction (swim-stress) were pretreated with MTrPP (150 mg/kg b...
June 17, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Christopher Howell, James R Smith, Janis K Shute
BACKGROUND: Viral infection of the bronchial epithelium disrupts the barrier properties of the epithelium in healthy individuals and those with lung disease. Repair of the bronchial epithelium is dependent of the formation of a provisional fibrin matrix and migration of epithelial cells to cover denuded areas, followed by proliferation and differentiation. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to test the hypothesis that poly I:C, a model of viral infection, limits epithelial repair through the stimulated release of matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13)...
June 20, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Jianfa Jiang, Kenan Yu, Zhaoying Jiang, Min Xue
Endometriosis (EMs) is a chronic inflammatory condition. Interleukin (IL)-37 is a member of the IL-1 family and an anti-inflammatory cytokine. This study aimed to evaluate the possible role of IL-37 in the EMs pathogenesis. We investigated the in vivo effect of IL-37 on EMs by injection with recombinant human IL-37 (rhIL-37) into EMs mice. Furthermore, we evaluated the in-vitro effects of IL-37 on proliferation, adhesion, migration, and invasiveness of endometrial stromal cells (ESCs), and explored whether Wnt/β-catenin and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways were involved in this process...
June 1, 2018: Biological Chemistry
Ru-Yi Yu, Lei Xing, Peng-Fei Cui, Jian-Bin Qiao, Yu-Jing He, Xin Chang, Tian-Jiao Zhou, Qing-Ri Jin, Hu-Lin Jiang, Yanyu Xiao
Finding a cure for breast cancer currently remains a medical challenge in due to the failure of common treatment methods to inhibit invasion and metastasis of cancer cells, which eventually leads to recurrence of breast cancer. Many secreted proteins are overexpressed and play crucial roles in tumorigenesis and development. The Golgi apparatus is a key protein processing and secretion factory in which metastasis-associated proteins are modified, transported and secreted; thus, regulating the Golgi apparatus of tumor cells is a viable strategy to inhibit tumor metastasis...
June 20, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Yi-Hua Wang, Fansg Dai, Bo Zhou
SCOPE: As part of our research project in understanding why dietary polyphenols with the catechol skeleton tend to exhibit cancer chemopreventive activity, a catechol-type resveratrol analog (3,4-DHS) was selected to probe its antiangiogenic effects and mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the antiangiogenic effects of 3,4-DHS on angiogenesis-related endothelial cell functions, including migration, invasion and tube formation, and in vivo angiogenesis on a chick chorioallantoic membrane assay...
June 20, 2018: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
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