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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321198/the-vivid-present-visualization-abilities-are-associated-with-steep-discounting-of-future-rewards
#1
Trishala Parthasarathi, Mairead H McConnell, Jeffrey Luery, Joseph W Kable
Humans and other animals discount the value of future rewards, a phenomenon known as delay discounting. Individuals vary widely in the extent to which they discount future rewards, and these tendencies have been associated with important life outcomes. Recent studies have demonstrated that imagining the future reduces subsequent discounting behavior, but no research to date has examined whether a similar principle applies at the trait level, and whether training visualization changes discounting. The current study examined if individual differences in visualization abilities are linked to individual differences in discounting and whether practicing visualization can change discounting behaviors in a lasting way...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304237/cervical-disc-arthroplasty-with-the-prestige-lp-disc-versus-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-at-2-levels-results-of-a-prospective-multicenter-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-at-24-months
#2
Matthew F Gornet, Todd H Lanman, J Kenneth Burkus, Scott D Hodges, Jeffrey R McConnell, Randall F Dryer, Anne G Copay, Hui Nian, Frank E Harrell
OBJECTIVE The authors compared the efficacy and safety of arthroplasty using the Prestige LP cervical disc with those of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) for the treatment of degenerative disc disease (DDD) at 2 adjacent levels. METHODS Patients from 30 investigational sites were randomized to 1 of 2 groups: investigational patients (209) underwent arthroplasty using a Prestige LP artificial disc, and control patients (188) underwent ACDF with a cortical ring allograft and anterior cervical plate...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303884/corrigendum-nuclear-rna-seq-of-single-neurons-reveals-molecular-signatures-of-activation
#3
Benjamin Lacar, Sara B Linker, Baptiste N Jaeger, Suguna Rani Krishnaswami, Jerika J Barron, Martijn J E Kelder, Sarah L Parylak, Apuã C M Paquola, Pratap Venepally, Mark Novotny, Carolyn O'Connor, Conor Fitzpatrick, Jennifer A Erwin, Jonathan Y Hsu, David Husband, Michael J McConnell, Roger Lasken, Fred H Gage
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303618/australian-mental-health-consumers-and-carers-expect-more-health-management-information-from-community-pharmacy
#4
Jasmina Fejzic, Kathy Knox, Hendrika Laetitia Hattingh, Amary Mey, Denise McConnell, Amanda J Wheeler
OBJECTIVE: To identify the health management information needs of Australian mental health consumers and carers and explore the role of community pharmacy in meeting those needs. METHOD: Interviews and focus groups were conducted with a purposive convenience sample of 74 mental health consumers and carers across three Australian states, representing metropolitan, rural and remote settings, including those with culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. Recruitment and interviews continued until data saturation was reached...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303194/timing-of-nest-vegetation-measurement-may-obscure-adaptive-significance-of-nest-site-characteristics-a-simulation-study
#5
Mark D McConnell, Adrian P Monroe, Loren Wes Burger, James A Martin
Advances in understanding avian nesting ecology are hindered by a prevalent lack of agreement between nest-site characteristics and fitness metrics such as nest success. We posit this is a result of inconsistent and improper timing of nest-site vegetation measurements. Therefore, we evaluated how the timing of nest vegetation measurement influences the estimated effects of vegetation structure on nest survival. We simulated phenological changes in nest-site vegetation growth over a typical nesting season and modeled how the timing of measuring that vegetation, relative to nest fate, creates bias in conclusions regarding its influence on nest survival...
February 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299882/systolic-ejection-click-versus-split-first-heart-sound-are-our-ears-deceiving-us
#6
Natalie M Hoeting, Courtney E McCracken, Michael McConnell, Denver Sallee, Glen J Iannucci, Matthew E Oster
OBJECTIVE: Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) disease is associated with potential lifetime complications, but auscultation of a BAV click is commonly missed or mistaken for a benign split first heart sound. Our objective was to determine whether pediatric cardiologists could reliably distinguish between BAV clicks and benign split first heart sounds. DESIGN: Quality evaluation project using de-identified recordings from an outpatient pediatric cardiology clinic. OUTCOME MEASURES: Twenty-one cardiologists listened to five de-identified recordings of pediatric heart sounds (three with BAV clicks, two with mitral components of benign split first heart sounds) and indicated whether they believed each recording was a BAV or split first heart sound...
March 16, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296130/determinants-of-quality-of-life-outcomes-for-survivors-of-pediatric-brain-tumors
#7
Maru Barrera, Eshetu G Atenafu, Fiona Schulte, Ute Bartels, Lillian Sung, Laura Janzen, Joanna Chung, Danielle Cataudella, Kelly Hancock, Amani Saleh, Douglas Strother, Dina McConnell, Andrea Downie, Juliette Hukin, Shayna Zelcer
INTRODUCTION: To describe the quality of life (QOL) of pediatric brain tumor survivors (PBTSs) prospectively and to identify potential medical, personal and family contextual factors associated with QOL. METHODS: Ninety-one PBTSs (8-16 years) who were off treatment and attending a regular classroom participated. Self- and caregiver-proxy-reported on QOL at baseline, 2 and 8 months. At baseline, cognitive, executive function, attention and memory, medical and demographics information were attained...
March 10, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295438/intermittent-failure-of-ventricular-pacing-what-is-the-mechanism
#8
Aditya Saini, Bruce S Stambler, Jason S McConnell, Kenneth A Ellenbogen
A 50 year old man with a past medical history of Tetralogy of Fallot and status post surgical repair at age 2 was found to have complete heart block with a ventricular escape rhythm of 37 beats per minute (bpm) on an electrocardiogram (ECG) performed during his annual physical exam. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 15, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287239/structural-insights-into-the-ethr-dna-interaction-using-native-mass-spectrometry
#9
Daniel Shiu-Hin Chan, Wei-Guang Seetoh, Brendan N McConnell, Dijana Matak-Vinković, Sherine E Thomas, Vitor Mendes, Michal Blaszczyk, Anthony G Coyne, Tom L Blundell, Chris Abell
EthR is a transcriptional repressor that increases Mycobacterium tuberculosis resistance to ethionamide. In this study, the EthR-DNA interaction has been investigated by native electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry for the first time. The results show that up to six subunits of EthR are able to bind to its operator.
March 13, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272400/vegetarian-diet-as-a-risk-factor-for-symptomatic-gallstone-disease
#10
T J McConnell, P N Appleby, T J Key
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Previous small studies have shown either no difference or a lower risk of symptomatic gallstone disease in vegetarians than in non-vegetarians. This study examined the incidence of symptomatic gallstone disease in a cohort of British vegetarians and non-vegetarians, and investigated the associations between nutrient intake and risk of symptomatic gallstone disease. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The data were analysed from 49 652 adults enroled in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Oxford study, one-third of whom were vegetarian...
March 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269180/localized-mri-and-histological-image-correlation-in-a-canine-model-of-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#11
A Eresen, S McConnell, S M Birch, J F Griffin, J N Kornegay, J X Ji
Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is a fatal X-linked disorder. Therapeutic assessments currently require muscle biopsy to ascertain information about the status of disease progression. MRI shows potential to be used in place of muscle biopsy for therapeutic assessments. In this work, localized histological data and various MRI parameters were correlated in a canine model of DMD. The results indicate several MRI parameters may be useful as biomarkers of disease progression.
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264946/oregon-s-medicaid-reform-and-transition-to-global-budgets-were-associated-with-reductions-in-expenditures
#12
K John McConnell, Stephanie Renfro, Richard C Lindrooth, Deborah J Cohen, Neal T Wallace, Michael E Chernew
In 2012 Oregon initiated an ambitious delivery system reform, moving the majority of its Medicaid enrollees into sixteen coordinated care organizations, a type of Medicaid accountable care organization. Using claims data, we assessed measures of access, appropriateness of care, utilization, and expenditures for five service areas (evaluation and management, imaging, procedures, tests, and inpatient facility care), comparing Oregon to the neighboring state of Washington. Overall, the transformation into coordinated care organizations was associated with a 7 percent relative reduction in expenditures across the sum of these services, attributable primarily to reductions in inpatient utilization...
March 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264631/effects-of-patellofemoral-taping-on-patellofemoral-joint-alignment-and-contact-area-during-weight-bearing
#13
Kai-Yu Ho, Ryan Epstein, Ron Garcia, Nicole Riley, Szu-Ping Lee
Study Design Controlled laboratory study. Background Although it has been theorized that patellofemoral joint (PFJ) taping can correct patellar malalignment, the effects of PFJ taping techniques on patellar alignment and contact area have not yet been studied during weight bearing. Objective To examine the effects of 2 taping approaches (Kinesio and McConnell) on PFJ alignment and contact area. Methods Fourteen female subjects with patellofemoral pain and PFJ malalignment participated. Each subject underwent a pretaping magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan session and 2 MRI scan sessions after the application of the 2 taping techniques, which aimed to correct lateral patellar displacement...
February 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262467/quantitative-assessment-of-peroneal-artery-pressure-at-the-ankle-with-noninvasive-vascular-testing
#14
Whitney Ellis-McConnell, Amanda Taylor, Patrick Kelly, Andrew J Meyr
Although the foot and ankle derives its arterial supply from a combination of the anterior tibial artery (ATA), posterior tibial artery (PTA), and peroneal artery (PA), the focus of clinical examination techniques and noninvasive vascular testing is primarily on the ATA and PTA and not on the PA. The objectives of the present investigation were to evaluate the feasibility of incorporating an assessment of the PA into a noninvasive vascular testing protocol and to collect normative data of pressure measurements of the PA at the ankle...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259415/evaluation-of-horn-bud-wound-healing-following-cautery-disbudding-of-preweaned-dairy-calves-treated-with-aluminum-based-aerosol-bandage
#15
K L Huebner, A K Kunkel, C S McConnel, R J Callan, R P Dinsmore, L S Caixeta
Pain management during and following disbudding procedures has been studied extensively, though few studies have evaluated wound healing following cautery disbudding in dairy calves. The purpose of this study was to observe wound healing following cautery disbudding with or without treatment using a topical aluminum-based aerosol bandage (ALU) in preweaned dairy calves. Dairy calves were disbudded within the first 3 wk of life using a standard cautery disbudding protocol. The ALU treatment was randomly allocated to the right or left horn bud within each animal...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249147/informed-consent
#16
REVIEW
Christine Grady, Steven R Cummings, Michael C Rowbotham, Michael V McConnell, Euan A Ashley, Gagandeep Kang
This multipart review provides an overview of innovative approaches to improving and expanding the informed consent process for researchers and participants, along with short essays covering specific areas of innovation. The Changing Face of Informed Consent. Christine Grady, R.N. Ph.D. In the..
March 2, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249070/association-between-baseline-corticothalamic-mediated-inhibitory-control-and-smoking-relapse-vulnerability
#17
Brett Froeliger, Patrick A McConnell, Spencer Bell, Maggie Sweitzer, Rachel V Kozink, Christie Eichberg, Matt Hallyburton, Nicole Kaiser, Kevin M Gray, F Joseph McClernon
Importance: Tobacco use disorder is associated with dysregulated neurocognitive function in the right inferior frontal gyrus (IFG)-one node in a corticothalamic inhibitory control (IC) network. Objective: To examine associations between IC neural circuitry structure and function and lapse/relapse vulnerability in 2 independent studies of adult smokers. Design, Setting, and Participants: In study 1, treatment-seeking smokers (n = 81) completed an IC task during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) before making a quit attempt and then were followed up for 10 weeks after their quit date...
March 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247464/love-and-resistance-of-mothers-with-intellectual-disability-from-ethnocultural-communities-in-canada
#18
Laura Pacheco, David McConnell
BACKGROUND: Mothers with intellectual disability are thought to be passive, dependent and in need of protection. This study contributes to a nascent body of research that challenges this schema, revealing how women with intellectual disability who are mothers resist oppression. METHODS: Narrative research methods underpinned by intersectionality theory were used to explore the lives of eight mothers with intellectual disability from various ethnocultural communities in Canada...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247440/clinical-features-imaging-characteristics-and-long-term-outcome-of-dogs-with-cranial-meningocele-or-meningoencephalocele
#19
K Lazzerini, R Gutierrez-Quintana, R José-López, F McConnell, R Gonçalves, J McMurrough, S De Decker, C Muir, S L Priestnall, L Mari, F Stabile, L De Risio, C Loeffler, A Tauro, C Rusbridge, S Rodenas, S Añor, C de la Fuente, A Fischer, A Bruehschwein, J Penderis, J Guevar
BACKGROUND: The term meningoencephalocele (MEC) describes a herniation of cerebral tissue and meninges through a defect in the cranium, whereas a meningocele (MC) is a herniation of the meninges alone. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical features, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics, and outcomes of dogs with cranial MC and MEC. ANIMALS: Twenty-two client-owned dogs diagnosed with cranial MC or MEC. METHODS: Multicentric retrospective descriptive study...
March 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246629/improving-undergraduate-stem-education-the-efficacy-of-discipline-based-professional-development
#20
Cathryn A Manduca, Ellen R Iverson, Michael Luxenberg, R Heather Macdonald, David A McConnell, David W Mogk, Barbara J Tewksbury
We sought to determine whether instructional practices used by undergraduate faculty in the geosciences have shifted from traditional teacher-centered lecture toward student-engaged teaching practices and to evaluate whether the national professional development program On the Cutting Edge (hereinafter Cutting Edge) has been a contributing factor in this change. We surveyed geoscience faculty across the United States in 2004, 2009, and 2012 and asked about teaching practices as well as levels of engagement in education research, scientific research, and professional development related to teaching...
February 2017: Science Advances
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