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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917519/endoscopic-or-arthroscopic-iliopsoas-tenotomy-for-iliopsoas-impingement-followingtotal-hip-replacement-a-prospective-multicenter-64-case-series
#1
W Guicherd, N Bonin, T Gicquel, J E Gedouin, X Flecher, M Wettstein, M Thaunat, N Prevost, E Ollier, O May
INTRODUCTION: Impingement between the acetabular component and the iliopsoas tendon is a cause of anterior pain after total hip replacement (THR). Treatment can be non-operative, endoscopic or arthroscopic, or by open revision of the acetabular component. Few studies have assessed these options. The present study hypothesis was that endo/arthroscopic treatment provides rapid pain relief with a low rate of complications. METHODS: A prospective multicenter study included 64 endoscopic or arthroscopic tenotomies for impingement between the acetabular component and the iliopsoas tendon, performed in 8 centers...
September 13, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911327/negotiating-power-relations-gender-equality-and-collective-agency-are-village-health-committees-transformative-social-spaces-in-northern-india
#2
Kerry Scott, Asha S George, Steven A Harvey, Shinjini Mondal, Gupteswar Patel, Kabir Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Participatory health initiatives ideally support progressive social change and stronger collective agency for marginalized groups. However, this empowering potential is often limited by inequalities within communities and between communities and outside actors (i.e. government officials, policymakers). We examined how the participatory initiative of Village Health, Sanitation, and Nutrition Committees (VHSNCs) can enable and hinder the renegotiation of power in rural north India...
September 15, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906243/pediatric-hearing-aid-management-challenges-among-hispanic-families
#3
Ana Caballero, Karen Muñoz, Karl White, Lauri Nelson, Melanie Domenech-Rodriguez, Michael Twohig
BACKGROUND: Hearing aid fitting in infancy has become more common in the United States as a result of earlier identification of hearing loss. Consistency of hearing aid use is an area of concern for young children, as well as other hearing aid management challenges parents encounter that may contribute to less-than-optimal speech and language outcomes. Research that describes parent hearing aid management experiences of Spanish-speaking Hispanic families, or the extent of their needs, is not available...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903727/uptake-of-health-services-among-truck-drivers-in-south-africa-analysis-of-routine-data-from-nine-roadside-wellness-centres
#4
Samanta Tresha Lalla-Edward, Sydney Ncube, Paul Matthew, Catherine A Hankins, W D Francois Venter, Gabriela B Gomez
BACKGROUND: Long-distance truck drivers are occupationally susceptible to poor health outcomes. Their patterns of healthcare utilisation and the suitability of healthcare services available to them are not well documented. We report on truck driver healthcare utilisation across South Africa and characterise the client population of the clinics serving them for future service development. METHODS: We analysed anonymised data routinely collected over a two-year period at nine Roadside Wellness Centres...
September 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895548/speaking-up-ending-stigma
#5
Jennifer Thorley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888274/blood-pressure-reactivity-to-psychological-stress-is-associated-with-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#6
Andrew Sherwood, LaBarron K Hill, James A Blumenthal, Kirkwood F Adams, Nicola J Paine, Gary G Koch, Christopher M O'Connor, Kristy S Johnson, Alan L Hinderliter
INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular (CV) reactivity to psychological stress has been implicated in the development and exacerbation of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Although high CV reactivity traditionally is thought to convey greater risk of CVD, the relationship between reactivity and clinical outcomes is inconsistent and may depend on the patient population under investigation. The present study examined CV reactivity in patients with heart failure (HF) and its potential association with long-term clinical outcomes...
September 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886132/a-global-view-of-shifting-cultivation-recent-current-and-future-extent
#7
Andreas Heinimann, Ole Mertz, Steve Frolking, Andreas Egelund Christensen, Kaspar Hurni, Fernando Sedano, Louise Parsons Chini, Ritvik Sahajpal, Matthew Hansen, George Hurtt
Mosaic landscapes under shifting cultivation, with their dynamic mix of managed and natural land covers, often fall through the cracks in remote sensing-based land cover and land use classifications, as these are unable to adequately capture such landscapes' dynamic nature and complex spectral and spatial signatures. But information about such landscapes is urgently needed to improve the outcomes of global earth system modelling and large-scale carbon and greenhouse gas accounting. This study combines existing global Landsat-based deforestation data covering the years 2000 to 2014 with very high-resolution satellite imagery to visually detect the specific spatio-temporal pattern of shifting cultivation at a one-degree cell resolution worldwide...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884273/validation-of-the-chinese-mandarin-version-of-the-oxford-knee-score-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#8
Kai Lin, Liangxiao Bao, Jian Wang, Kimie Fujita, Kiyoko Makimoto, Xiaoyan Liao
BACKGROUND: With the increasing number of patients with knee osteoarthritis undergoing TKAs in China, there is a clear need for a valid, short, joint-specific patient-reported outcome measure such as the Oxford Knee Score (OKS). QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: To test the translated and cross-culturally adapted Chinese (Mandarin) version of the Oxford Knee Score (OKS-CV) and its (1) reliability, (2) construct validity, (3) dimensionality, and (4) responsiveness. METHODS: Three native Chinese bilingual translators (a professional English translator, an experienced orthopaedic surgeon, an advanced-practice nursing specialist) translated the English-language OKS into Mandarin Chinese...
September 7, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867418/predicting-grief-intensity-after-recent-perinatal-loss
#9
Marianne H Hutti, John Myers, Lynne A Hall, Barbara J Polivka, Susan White, Janice Hill, Elizabeth Kloenne, Jaclyn Hayden, Meredith McGrew Grisanti
OBJECTIVE: The Perinatal Grief Intensity Scale (PGIS) was developed for clinical use to identify and predict intense grief and need for follow-up after perinatal loss. This study evaluates the validity of the PGIS via its ability to predict future intense grief based on a PGIS score obtained early after a loss. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted with 103 international, English-speaking women recruited at hospital discharge or via the internet who experienced a miscarriage, stillbirth, or neonatal death within the previous 8weeks...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866740/factor-analysis-of-the-srs-22-outcome-assessment-instrument-in-patients-with-adult-spinal-deformity
#10
A F Mannion, A Elfering, J Bago, F Pellise, A Vila-Casademunt, S Richner-Wunderlin, M Domingo-Sàbat, I Obeid, E Acaroglu, A Alanay, F S Pérez-Grueso, C R Baldus, L Y Carreon, K H Bridwell, S D Glassman, F Kleinstück
PURPOSE: Designed for patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, the SRS-22 is now widely used as an outcome instrument in patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD). No studies have confirmed the four-factor structure (pain, function, self-image, mental health) of the SRS-22 in ASD and under different contexts. Factorial invariance of an instrument over time and in different languages is essential to allow for precise interpretations of treatment success and comparisons across studies...
September 2, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864750/do-antipsychotic-drugs-lose-their-efficacy-for-relapse-prevention-over-time
#11
EDITORIAL
Stefan Leucht, John M Davis
There is a debate about long-term treatment of schizophrenia with antipsychotic drugs, with some experts suggesting that these drugs should be discontinued. In this issue, Takeuchi et al demonstrated by a meta-analysis of 11 trials that antipsychotic drugs maintained their efficacy for relapse prevention for 1 year, whereas patients on placebo kept getting worse. We consider these findings in the light of the current discussion about possible dose-related brain volume loss, supersensitivity psychosis, the high variability of results in long-term follow-up studies and recent approaches to discontinue antipsychotics in patients with a first-episode...
September 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863284/establishing-objective-volume-outcome-measures-for-anterior-and-posterior-cervical-spine-fusion
#12
Micah B Blais, Sean Michael Rider, Daniel J Sturgeon, Justin Blucher, Jay M Zampini, James D Kang, Andrew J Schoenfeld
OBJECTIVES: There is a growing literature on the relationship between provider volume and patient outcomes, specifically within joint arthroplasty and lumbar spine surgery. Such benchmarks have yet to be established for many other spinal procedures, including cervical fusion. We sought to determine whether outcomes-based volume measures for both surgeons and hospitals can be established for cervical spine fusion procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective review of patient data in the Florida Statewide Inpatient Dataset (SID; 2011-14)...
August 24, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861114/effects-of-low-dose-topiramate-on-language-function-in-children-with-migraine
#13
Seung-A Han, Eu Jeen Yang, Younghwa Kong, Chan-Uhng Joo, Sun Jun Kim
PURPOSE: This study aimed to verify the safety of low-dose topiramate on language development in pediatric patients with migraine. METHODS: Thirty newly diagnosed pediatric patients with migraine who needed topiramate were enrolled and assessed twice with standard language tests, including the Test of Language Problem Solving Abilities (TOPs), Receptive and Expressive Vocabulary Test, Urimal Test of Articulation and Phonology, and computerized speech laboratory analysis...
July 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858000/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-speaking-up-about-patient-safety-questionnaire
#14
Aline Richard, Yvonne Pfeiffer, David D L Schwappach
OBJECTIVE: Speaking up about safety concerns by staff is important to prevent medical errors. Knowledge about healthcare workers' speaking up behaviors and perceived speaking up climate is useful for healthcare organizations (HCOs) to identify areas for improvement. The aim of this study was to develop a short questionnaire allowing HCOs to assess different aspects of speaking up among healthcare staff. METHODS: Healthcare workers (n = 523) from 2 Swiss hospitals completed a questionnaire covering various aspects of speak up-related behaviors and climate...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857133/do-varieties-of-spanish-influence-u-s-spanish-english-bilingual-children-s-friendship-judgments
#15
Maria M Arredondo, Susan A Gelman
Latinos are the largest minority group in the United States (U.S. Census, 2014), yet this term comprises individuals from multiple ethnicities who speak distinct varieties of Spanish. We investigated whether Spanish-English bilingual children (N = 140, ages 4-17) use Spanish varieties in their social judgments. The findings revealed that children distinguished varieties of Spanish but did not use Spanish dialects to make third-person friendship judgments until 10-12 years; this effect became stronger in adolescence...
August 30, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851953/embodiment-in-a-child-like-talking-virtual-body-influences-object-size-perception-self-identification-and-subsequent-real-speaking
#16
Ana Tajadura-Jiménez, Domna Banakou, Nadia Bianchi-Berthouze, Mel Slater
People's mental representations of their own body are malleable and continuously updated through sensory cues. Altering one's body-representation can lead to changes in object perception and implicit attitudes. Virtual reality has been used to embody adults in the body of a 4-year-old child or a scaled-down adult body. Child embodiment was found to cause an overestimation of object sizes, approximately double that during adult embodiment, and identification of the self with child-like attributes. Here we tested the contribution of auditory cues related to one's own voice to these visually-driven effects...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831909/we-must-speak-of-hope-as-well-as-catastrophe
#17
Anne Marie Rafferty
Al Gore, the former US vice-president and now campaigner on climate change, has just released a follow-up to his groundbreaking 2006 documentary An Inconvenient Truth. Gore's first film won an Oscar and grossed $49 million - astonishing for a documentary.
August 23, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826801/postplacental-intrauterine-device-expulsion-by-12-weeks-a%C3%A2-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Lisa M Goldthwaite, Jeanelle Sheeder, Jennifer Hyer, Kristina Tocce, Stephanie B Teal
BACKGROUND: An intrauterine device placed immediately following a delivery can serve as an effective and safe contraceptive strategy in the postpartum period. There is limited evidence that the levonorgestrel intrauterine system may have a higher rate of expulsion compared to the copper intrauterine device; however, rates of expulsion for these 2 intrauterine device types have not been compared directly. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare expulsion rates by 12 weeks' postpartum for the levonorgestrel intrauterine system and copper intrauterine device...
August 19, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814114/cross-cultural-validation-of-the-falls-efficacy-scale-international-to-assess-concerns-about-falls-among-hungarian-community-living-older-people
#19
Éva Kovács, Franciska Rozs, Anna Petridisz, Réka Erdős, Eszter Majercsik
PURPOSE: The Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) is a reliable and valid tool for assessing concerns about falling. Our aims were to translate, culturally adapt, and evaluate the main psychometric characteristics (internal consistency, reproducibility, and convergent construct validity) of the Hungarian version of the FES-I on a sample of community-living older adults. METHODS: After translating and culturally adapting the original scale, 165 community-living older adults (aged 60 years or over) participated in the measurements and filled in the questionnaire...
August 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813473/the-availability-of-pharmacies-in-the-united-states-2007-2015
#20
Dima Mazen Qato, Shannon Zenk, Jocelyn Wilder, Rachel Harrington, Darrell Gaskin, G Caleb Alexander
IMPORTANCE: Despite their increasingly important role in health care delivery, little is known about the availability, and characteristics, of community pharmacies in the United States. OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine trends in the availability of community pharmacies and pharmacy characteristics (24-hour, drive-up, home delivery, e-prescribing, and multilingual staffing) associated with access to prescription medications in the U.S. between 2007 and 2015; and (2) to determine whether and how these patterns varied by pharmacy type (retail chains, independents, mass retailers, food stores, government and clinic-based) and across counties...
2017: PloS One
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