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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332470/a-school-based-neuromuscular-training-program-and-sport-related-injury-incidence-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Kim D Barber Foss, Staci Thomas, Jane C Khoury, Gregory D Myer, Timothy E Hewett
CONTEXT:   An estimated 40 million school-aged children (age range = 5-18 years) participate annually in sports in the United States, generating approximately 4 million sport-related injuries and requiring 2.6 million emergency department visits at a cost of nearly $2 billion. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the effects of a school-based neuromuscular training (NMT) program on sport-related injury incidence across 3 sports at the high school and middle school levels, focusing particularly on knee and ankle injuries...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319761/isotonic-sports-drink-promotes-rehydration-and-decreases-proteinuria-following-karate-training
#2
Simone Geraldini, Igor de Freitas Cruz, Alexandre Romero, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca, Michelle Parreira de Campos
INTRODUCTION: Adequate hydration status in the sport is essential for good health, yet the relationship between hydration, proteinuria and sports is little studied. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the influence of an isotonic sports drink as rehydration strategy on the hydration status and proteinuria after karate training. METHODS: Ten athletes participated in this study. In the first session of standard training, called observation training session (STO), the athletes hydrated themselves according to their habits, and in the second session of standard training, called nutritional intervention training session (STIN), an ideal practice of hydration protocol was followed, using an isotonic sports drink as a rehydration liquid during the training...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318174/sagittal-plane-hip-knee-and-ankle-biomechanics-and-the-risk-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-a-prospective-study
#3
Mari Leppänen, Kati Pasanen, Tron Krosshaug, Pekka Kannus, Tommi Vasankari, Urho M Kujala, Roald Bahr, Jarmo Perttunen, Jari Parkkari
Background: Stiff landings with less knee flexion and high vertical ground-reaction forces have been shown to be associated with an increased risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. The literature on the association between other sagittal plane measures and the risk of ACL injuries with a prospective study design is lacking. Purpose: To investigate the relationship between selected sagittal plane hip, knee, and ankle biomechanics and the risk of ACL injury in young female team-sport athletes...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318166/lower-limb-symmetry-comparison-of-muscular-power-between-dominant-and-nondominant-legs-in-healthy-young-adults-associated-with-single-leg-dominant-sports
#4
Alex Vaisman, Rodrigo Guiloff, Juan Rojas, Iris Delgado, David Figueroa, Rafael Calvo
Background: Achieving a symmetrical power performance (difference <15%) between lower limbs is generally recommended during sports rehabilitation. However, athletes in single-leg-dominant sports, such as professional soccer players, could develop significant asymmetry between their dominant and nondominant legs, such that symmetry does not act as a viable comparison. Purpose: To (1) compare maximal muscular power between the dominant and nondominant legs in healthy young adults, (2) evaluate the effect of a single-leg-dominant sport activity performed at the professional level, and (3) propose a parameter of normality for maximal power difference in the lower limbs of this young adult population...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315348/knee-strength-ratios-in-competitive-female-athletes
#5
Jaroslaw Kabacinski, Michal Murawa, Krzysztof Mackala, Lechoslaw Bogdan Dworak
Knee strength ratios are related to the movement patterns, sport-specific training and knee injuries in athletes. The purpose of this study was to determine the ratios in the concentric isokinetic strength of the hamstrings and quadriceps and the isometric strength of the knee extensors. In female basketball players (n = 14) and female volleyball players (n = 12) were evaluated: the hamstrings to quadriceps peak torque ratio (H/Q) and side-to-side peak torque ratio (TR) for hamstrings and quadriceps; the ratio of the maximal bilateral strength to the summed maximal unilateral strength (B/U) and side-to-side maximal strength ratio (SR) for knee extensors...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307100/the-general-adaptation-syndrome-a-foundation-for-the-concept-of-periodization
#6
REVIEW
Aaron J Cunanan, Brad H DeWeese, John P Wagle, Kevin M Carroll, Robert Sausaman, W Guy Hornsby, G Gregory Haff, N Travis Triplett, Kyle C Pierce, Michael H Stone
Recent reviews have attempted to refute the efficacy of applying Selye's general adaptation syndrome (GAS) as a conceptual framework for the training process. Furthermore, the criticisms involved are regularly used as the basis for arguments against the periodization of training. However, these perspectives fail to consider the entirety of Selye's work, the evolution of his model, and the broad applications he proposed. While it is reasonable to critically evaluate any paradigm, critics of the GAS have yet to dismantle the link between stress and adaptation...
January 6, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303400/the-sequence-of-prevention-for-musculoskeletal-injuries-among-recreational-basketballers-a-systematic-review-of-the-scientific-literature
#7
Özgür Kilic, Vivian van Os, Ellen Kemler, Maarten Barendrecht, Vincent Gouttebarge
OBJECTIVE: Currently, there is no overview of the incidence and (basketball-specific) risk factors of musculoskeletal injuries among recreational basketball players, nor any insight into the effect of preventive measures on the incidence of basketball injuries. This study aimed to gather systematically the scientific evidence on the incidence, prevalence, aetiology and preventive measures for musculoskeletal injuries among recreational basketball players. METHODS: Highly sensitive search strategies were built based on three groups of keywords (and related search terms)...
January 5, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299876/the-incidence-of-injury-in-amateur-male-rugby-union-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Caithriona Yeomans, Ian C Kenny, Roisin Cahalan, Giles D Warrington, Andrew J Harrison, Kevin Hayes, Mark Lyons, Mark J Campbell, Thomas M Comyns
BACKGROUND: Rugby union is a physically demanding, full-contact team sport that has gained worldwide popularity. The incidence of injury in rugby union has been widely reported in the literature. While comprehensive injury surveillance and prevention programmes have been implemented within the professional game, there is a need for similar strategies in the amateur game. Despite recent increases in the volume of research in rugby, there is little consensus regarding the true incidence rate of match and training injuries in senior amateur male rugby union players...
January 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288436/the-relationships-between-internal-and-external-measures-of-training-load-and-intensity-in-team-sports-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Shaun J McLaren, Tom W Macpherson, Aaron J Coutts, Christopher Hurst, Iain R Spears, Matthew Weston
BACKGROUND: The associations between internal and external measures of training load and intensity are important in understanding the training process and the validity of specific internal measures. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to provide meta-analytic estimates of the relationships, as determined by a correlation coefficient, between internal and external measures of load and intensity during team-sport training and competition. A further aim was to examine the moderating effects of training mode on these relationships...
December 29, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282696/cardiac-biomarkers-release-in-preadolescent-athletes-after-an-high-intensity-exercise
#10
A Peretti, L Mauri, A Masarin, G Annoni, A Corato, A Maloberti, Cristina Giannattasio, G Vignati
INTRODUCTION: An elevation of cardiac troponins has been described in healthy athletes after endurance exercises. The clinical significance of this increase is unclear and the lack of awareness of this phenomenon may lead to inappropriate management of these subjects. AIM: We sought to determine wether an intensive cycling training could determine a biomarkers elevation. METHODS: We evaluated serum high sensitivity cardiac troponin T, NH(2)-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, CK-MB and CK in 21 healthy male preadolescent athletes (age 9...
December 27, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280665/use-of-nutritional-supplements-and-ergogenic-aids-in-professional-tennis-players
#11
Álvaro López-Samanes, Víctor Moreno-Pérez, Mark S Kovacs, Jesús G Pallarés, Ricardo Mora-Rodríguez, Juan F Ortega
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional supplements and ergogenic aids (NS&EA) are used between training/matches with the goal of enhancing tennis performance. Scientific literature about prevalence and use of NS&EA in professional tennis players is scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to describe the NS&EA used by professional tennis players during a season. METHODS: Using a validated self-administered questionnaire, 62 professional male and 9 professional female tennis players (11% in their gender specific top 100 tennis world ranking (i...
November 17, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280410/iron-balance-and-iron-supplementation-for-the-female-athlete-a-practical-approach
#12
Charles R Pedlar, Carlo Brugnara, Georgie Bruinvels, Richard Burden
Maintaining a positive iron balance is essential for female athletes to avoid the effects of iron deficiency and anaemia and to maintain or improve performance. A major function of iron is in the production of the oxygen and carbon dioxide carrying molecule, haemoglobin, via erythropoiesis. Iron balance is under the control of a number of factors including the peptide hormone hepcidin, dietary iron intake and absorption, environmental stressors (e.g. altitude), exercise, menstrual blood loss and genetics. Menstruating females, particularly those with heavy menstrual bleeding are at an elevated risk of iron deficiency...
December 27, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250011/importance-of-the-motivational-climate-in-goal-enjoyment-and-the-causes-of-success-in-handball-players
#13
Antonio Granero-Gallegos, Manuel Gómez-López, Nuria Rodríguez-Suárez, J Arturo Abraldes, Marianna Alesi, Antonino Bianco
The purpose of the study is to examine the effects of the motivational climate created by the coach and perceived by a group of young handball players on their goal orientations, their beliefs regarding reasons for success and their self-satisfaction. The study participants were 159 young handball players. Players were administered a battery composed of tests to measure the above-mentioned motivational constructs. Results showed that a perceived mastery-oriented motivational climate was positively related to a task-centered goal orientation, enjoyment, and a belief that success may be achieved through effort...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249084/return-to-sport-in-athletes-with-midportion-achilles-tendinopathy-a-qualitative-systematic-review-regarding-definitions-and-criteria
#14
REVIEW
Bas Habets, Anke G van den Broek, Bionka M A Huisstede, Frank J G Backx, Robert E H van Cingel
BACKGROUND: Midportion Achilles tendinopathy (AT) can cause long-term absence from sports participation, and shows high recurrence rates. It is important that the decision to return to sport (RTS) is made carefully, based on sharply delimited criteria. Lack of a well-defined definition and criteria hampers the decision to RTS among athletes with AT, and impedes comparison of RTS rates between different studies. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature for definitions of, and criteria for, RTS in AT research...
December 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248809/the-identification-of-high-potential-archers-based-on-fitness-and-motor-ability-variables-a-support-vector-machine-approach
#15
Zahari Taha, Rabiu Muazu Musa, Anwar P P Abdul Majeed, Muhammad Muaz Alim, Mohamad Razali Abdullah
Support Vector Machine (SVM) has been shown to be an effective learning algorithm for classification and prediction. However, the application of SVM for prediction and classification in specific sport has rarely been used to quantify/discriminate low and high-performance athletes. The present study classified and predicted high and low-potential archers from a set of fitness and motor ability variables trained on different SVMs kernel algorithms. 50 youth archers with the mean age and standard deviation of 17...
December 14, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244841/individual-preferences-for-physical-exercise-as-secondary-prevention-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#16
Emmanuel Aboagye, Jan Hagberg, Iben Axén, Lydia Kwak, Malin Lohela-Karlsson, Eva Skillgate, Gunilla Dahlgren, Irene Jensen
BACKGROUND: Exercise is effective in improving non-specific low back pain (LBP). Certain components of physical exercise, such as the type, intensity and frequency of exercise, are likely to influence participation among working adults with non-specific LBP, but the value and relative importance of these components remain unknown. The study's aim was to examine such specific components and their influence on individual preferences for exercise for secondary prevention of non-specific LBP among working adults...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239994/effects-of-judo-training-on-bones-a-systematic-literature-review
#17
Simone Ciaccioni, Giancarlo Condello, Flavia Guidotti, Laura Capranica
The aim of this study was to provide a systematic literature review on the osteogenic effects of judo (PROSPERO: CRD42016041803). The online search was conducted according to the inclusion criteria: observational studies and clinical/interventional trials in English from inception to June 2016; bone health, mineral density (BMD), diameters, impact force and turnover markers (BTM) outcomes. Thirty-four studies were included and graded for their methodological quality ("fair" quality: 79.4%). The most used assessment method (44...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239986/practical-model-of-low-volume-paddling-based-sprint-interval-training-improves-aerobic-and-anaerobic-performances-in-professional-female-canoe-polo-athletes
#18
Mohsen Sheykhlouvand, Erfan Khalili, Mohammadali Gharaat, Hamid Arazi, Mousa Khalafi, Bahman Tarverdizadeh
Brief, intense exercise training employing running and cycling as exercise interventions may induce aerobic and anaerobic adaptations in athletes from wide range of sports. However, this has not been studied extensively for those sports in which the upper-body is predominantly involved. Our purpose was to examine the effects of kayak paddling-based sprint interval training (SIT) on cardiorespiratory fitness and anaerobic performance. 16 professional female canoe polo athletes (age = 27.6 ± 1.9 years; height = 165...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222606/hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-hpa-axis-functioning-in-overtraining-syndrome-findings-from-endocrine-and-metabolic-responses-on-overtraining-syndrome-eros-eros-hpa-axis
#19
Flavio A Cadegiani, Claudio E Kater
BACKGROUND: Overtraining syndrome (OTS) results from excessive training load without adequate recovery and leads to decreased performance and fatigue. The pathophysiology of OTS in athletes is not fully understood, which makes accurate diagnosis difficult. Previous studies indicate that alterations in the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis may be responsible for OTS; however, the data is not conclusive. This study aimed to compare, through gold standard and exercise-independent tests, the response of the HPA axis in OTS-affected athletes (OTS group) to healthy physically active subjects (ATL group) and healthy non-active subjects (NCS group)...
December 8, 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214319/electrocardiographic-findings-in-national-basketball-association-athletes
#20
Marc P Waase, R Kannan Mutharasan, William Whang, Marco R DiTullio, John P DiFiori, Lisa Callahan, Jimmie Mancell, Dermot Phelan, Allan Schwartz, Shunichi Homma, David J Engel
Importance: While it is known that long-term intensive athletic training is associated with cardiac structural changes that can be reflected on surface electrocardiograms (ECGs), there is a paucity of sport-specific ECG data. This study seeks to clarify the applicability of existing athlete ECG interpretation criteria to elite basketball players, an athlete group shown to develop significant athletic cardiac remodeling. Objective: To generate normative ECG data for National Basketball Association (NBA) athletes and to assess the accuracy of athlete ECG interpretation criteria in this population...
December 6, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
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