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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135640/neuromechanical-considerations-for-postconcussion-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-management
#1
Gary B Wilkerson, Dustin R Grooms, Shellie N Acocello
Recent epidemiological studies have documented increased susceptibility to musculoskeletal injury after sport-related concussion, which raises questions about the adequacy of current clinical practices to ensure safe return to sport. A growing body of evidence derived from advanced neuroimaging and neurological assessment methods strongly suggests that mild traumatic brain injury has long-lasting adverse effects that persist beyond resolution of clinical symptoms. Plausible interrelationships among postconcussion changes in brain structure and function support the rationale for specific methods of clinical assessment and training to target the interaction of cognitive and motor function for reduction of musculoskeletal injury risk after concussion...
November 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134048/the-cognitive-and-motivation-intervention-program-in-youth-female-volleyball-players
#2
Fernando Claver, Ruth Jiménez, Alexander Gil-Arias, Alberto Moreno, M Perla Moreno
This study, grounded in Self-Determination Theory (Deci and Ryan, 1985, 2002) was aimed to determine the influence of a cognitive-motivational intervention program, to improve the basic psychological need satisfaction of autonomy and competence, autonomous motivation, procedural knowledge, perceived performance and sport commitment, in youth volleyball players. Participants included 34 Under-19 female volleyball players. A quasi-experimental design was carried out with an experimental group (n = 16; M = 17...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130715/relationship-of-long-term-macronutrients-intake-on-anabolic-catabolic-hormones-in-female-elite-volleyball-players
#3
Juan Mielgo Ayuso, Michael C Zpurdos, Aritz Urdampilleta, Julio Calleja González, Jesús Seco, Alfredo Córdova
INTRODUCTION: Specific macronutrient distribution and training can alter acute and chronic hormone behavior and, subsequently, sport performance. OBJECTIVE: The main aim was to examine relationships between dietary intake and anabolic/catabolic hormone response in elite female volleyball players during a 29-week season. METHODS: Twenty-two elite female volleyballers (26.4 ± 5.6 years; 178 ± 9 cm; 67.1 ± 7.5 kg) had dietary intake (seven-day dietary recall and food frequency questionnaire), blood concentration of anabolic/catabolic hormones concentration, physical performance, and body composition assessed at four time points: a) T1: baseline/pre-testing; b) T2: eleven weeks after T1; c) T3: ten weeks after T2; and d) T4: eight weeks after T3...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128344/validity-of-combining-history-elements-and-physical-examination-tests-to-diagnose-patellofemoral-pain
#4
Simon Décary, Pierre Frémont, Bruno Pelletier, Michel Fallaha, Belzile Sylvain, Johanne Martel-Pelletier, Pelletier Jean-Pierre, Debbie Feldman, Sylvestre Marie-Pierre, Pascal-André Vendittoli, François Desmeules
OBJECTIVE: to assess the validity of diagnostic clusters combining history elements and physical examination tests to diagnose or exclude patellofemoral pain (PFP). DESIGN: prospective diagnostic study. SETTINGS: orthopaedic outpatients clinics (n=2), family medicine clinics (n=2) and community-dwelling. PARTICIPANTS: consecutive patients (n=279) consulting one of the participating orthopaedic surgeons (n=3) or sport medicine physicians (n=2) for any knee complaint...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126181/childhood-music-training-induces-change-in-micro-and-macroscopic-brain-structure-results-from-a-longitudinal-study
#5
Assal Habibi, Antonio Damasio, Beatriz Ilari, Ryan Veiga, Anand A Joshi, Richard M Leahy, Justin P Haldar, Divya Varadarajan, Chitresh Bhushan, Hanna Damasio
Several studies comparing adult musicians and nonmusicians have shown that music training is associated with structural brain differences. It is not been established, however, whether such differences result from pre-existing biological traits, lengthy musical training, or an interaction of the two factors, or if comparable changes can be found in children undergoing music training. As part of an ongoing longitudinal study, we investigated the effects of music training on the developmental trajectory of children's brain structure, over two years, beginning at age 6...
November 8, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116955/patient-injury-assessment-and-treatment-characteristics-and-return-to-play-timelines-after-sport-related-concussion-an-investigation-from-the-athletic-training-practice-based-research-network
#6
Tamara C Valovich McLeod, Nicholas Kostishak, Barton E Anderson, Cailee E Welch Bacon, Kenneth C Lam
OBJECTIVE: To describe the patient, injury, assessment and treatment characteristics, as well as return-to-play timelines and clinical findings at discharge for adolescent patients after sport-related concussion. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of electronic medical records. SETTING: Athletic training facilities of secondary school members of the Athletic Training Practice-Based Research Network (AT-PBRN). PATIENTS: In total, 1886 patient records were reviewed...
October 25, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112057/game-responses-during-young-padel-match-play-age-and-gender-comparisons
#7
Sergio García-Benítez, Javier Courel-Ibáñez, Txomin Pérez-Bilbao, José Luis Felipe
The purpose of the present study was to assess match activity profile and temporal structure in U-16 and U-18 male and female padel players from the 2014 Spanish Youth National Championship. A total of 1670 rallies from 12 matches were recorded through systematic observation. Variables pertaining to game and point duration, rest interval time, number of strokes per rally, and match total duration were registered. Current findings show significant influences of age and gender on game demands in youth padel players, strengthen the importance of knowing specific game characteristics during formative stages for training accordingly...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112054/lower-extremity-stiffness-considerations-for-testing-performance-enhancement-and-injury-risk
#8
Jon Brazier, Sean Maloney, Chris Bishop, Paul J Read, Anthony N Turner
Brazier, J, Maloney, S, Bishop, C, Read, PJ, and Turner, AN. Lower extremity stiffness: considerations for testing, performance enhancement, and injury risk. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-Force-deformation characteristics of the lower limb have been associated with athletic performance and may modulate the risk of injury. Despite these known associations, measurements of lower extremity stiffness are not commonly administered by strength and conditioning coaches. This review provides an overview of the available literature pertaining to the effects of lower extremity stiffness on physical performance and injury risk...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111630/anthropometric-profile-of-combat-athletes-via-multivariate-analysis
#9
Anna Burdukiewicz, Jadwiga Pietraszewska, Aleksandra Stachoń, Justyna Andrzejewska
BACKGROUND: Athletic success is a complex phenotype influenced by multiple factors, from sport-specific skills to anthropometric characteristics. Considering the latter, the literature has repeatedly indicated that athletes possess distinct physical characteristics depending on the practiced discipline. The aim of the present study was to apply univariate and multivariate methods to assess a wide range of morphometric and somatotypic characteristics in male combat athletes. METHODS: Biometric data were obtained from 206 male university-level practitioners of judo, jiu-jitsu, karate, kickboxing, taekwondo, and wrestling...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106811/epidemiology-and-impact-on-performance-of-lower-extremity-stress-injuries-in-professional-basketball-players
#10
Moin Khan, Kim Madden, M Tyrrell Burrus, Joseph P Rogowski, Jeff Stotts, Marisa J Samani, Robby Sikka, Asheesh Bedi
BACKGROUND: Professional basketball players in the National Basketball Association (NBA) subject their lower extremities to significant repetitive loading during both regular-season and off-season training. Little is known about the incidence of lower extremity bony stress injuries and their impact on return to play and performance in these athletes. HYPOTHESIS: Stress injuries of the lower extremity will have significant impact on performance. STUDY DESIGN: Case series...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095535/low-fitness-is-associated-with-metabolic-risk-independently-of-central-adiposity-in-a-cohort-of-18-year-olds
#11
Evelin Lätt, Jaak Jürimäe, Jaanus Harro, Helle-Mai Loit, Jarek Mäestu
It is unclear whether cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) remains associated with metabolic risk if controlled for central adiposity and other confounders, thus the aim of this study was to investigate the independent effect of CRF on metabolic syndrome risk factors in relatively homogeneous age group of young adults. In this cross-sectional study 828 participants performed CRF test on a cycle ergometer (Wmax kg ) and were categorized into sex-specific tertiles. Continuous metabolic syndrome risk score (MetS-score) was calculated as the sum of standardized scores of five metabolic syndrome risk factors, glucose, mean arterial pressure, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides and total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio...
November 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091016/a-critical-review-of-the-current-evidence-examining-whether-resistance-training-improves-time-trial-performance
#12
Scott J Dankel, Kevin T Mattocks, J Grant Mouser, Samuel L Buckner, Matthew B Jessee, Jeremy P Loenneke
A number of reviews have concluded that resistance training is beneficial for improving sports performance despite the inclusion of studies which do not actually measure a performance outcome (i.e. a timed trial). The purpose of this review was to examine only those studies which would allow us to infer the benefits of resistance training on improving time trial performance. Of the nine studies meeting all inclusion criteria only three demonstrated an additive effect of adding resistance training to the current activity-specific training being performed...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084283/increased-engagement-of-the-cognitive-control-network-associated-with-music-training-in-children-during-an-fmri-stroop-task
#13
Matthew Sachs, Jonas Kaplan, Alissa Der Sarkissian, Assal Habibi
Playing a musical instrument engages various sensorimotor processes and draws on cognitive capacities collectively termed executive functions. However, while music training is believed to associated with enhancements in certain cognitive and language abilities, studies that have explored the specific relationship between music and executive function have yielded conflicting results. As part of an ongoing longitudinal study, we investigated the effects of music training on executive function using fMRI and several behavioral tasks, including the Color-Word Stroop task...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083464/initiating-exercise-interventions-to-promote-wellness-in-cancer-patients-and-survivors
#14
REVIEW
Anna L Schwartz, Hendrik Dirk de Heer, Jennifer W Bea
Exercise is associated with significant reductions in the recurrence and mortality rates of several common cancers. Cancer survivors who exercise can potentially benefit from reduced levels of fatigue, and improved quality of life, physical function, and body composition (ie, healthier ratios of lean body mass to fat mass). The amount of activity required to achieve protective effects is moderate (eg, walking 30 minutes per day at 2.5 miles per hour). However, many healthcare providers report a lack of awareness of the appropriate exercise recommendations across the phases of cancer survivorship, considerations regarding the timing of exercise interventions, and the ability to refer patients to exercise programs specifically aimed at cancer survivors...
October 15, 2017: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075203/physiological-tendon-thickness-adaptation-in-adolescent-elite-athletes-a-longitudinal-study
#15
Michael Cassel, Konstantina Intziegianni, Lucie Risch, Steffen Müller, Tilman Engel, Frank Mayer
Increased Achilles (AT) and Patellar tendon (PT) thickness in adolescent athletes compared to non-athletes could be shown. However, it is unclear, if changes are of pathological or physiological origin due to training. The aim of this study was to determine physiological AT and PT thickness adaptation in adolescent elite athletes compared to non-athletes, considering sex and sport. In a longitudinal study design with two measurement days (M1/M2) within an interval of 3.2 ± 0.8 years, 131 healthy adolescent elite athletes (m/f: 90/41) out of 13 different sports and 24 recreationally active controls (m/f: 6/18) were included...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075200/neuromuscular-adaptations-to-multimodal-injury-prevention-programs-in-youth-sports-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
Oliver Faude, Roland Rössler, Erich J Petushek, Ralf Roth, Lukas Zahner, Lars Donath
Objective: Neuromuscular injury prevention programs (IPP) can reduce injury rate by about 40% in youth sport. Multimodal IPP include, for instance, balance, strength, power, and agility exercises. Our systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effects of multimodal IPP on neuromuscular performance in youth sports. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature search including selected search terms related to youth sports, injury prevention, and neuromuscular performance. Inclusion criteria were: (i) the study was a (cluster-)randomized controlled trial (RCT), and (ii) investigated healthy participants, up to 20 years of age and involved in organized sport, (iii) an intervention arm performing a multimodal IPP was compared to a control arm following a common training regime, and (iv) neuromuscular performance parameters (e...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072032/training-induced-annual-changes-in-red-blood-cell-profile-in-highly-trained-endurance-and-speed-power-athletes
#17
Monika Ciekot-Sołtysiak, Krzysztof Kusy, Tomasz Podgórski, Jacek Zieliński
BACKGROUND: An extensive body of literature exists on the effects of training on haematological parameters, but the previous studies have not reported how hematological parameters respond to changes in training loads within consecutive phases of the training cycle in highly-trained athletes in extremely different sport disciplines. The aim of this study was to identify changes in red blood cell (RBC) profile in response to training loads in consecutive phases of the annual training cycle in highly-trained sprinters (8 men, aged 24 ± 3 years) and triathletes (6 men, aged 24 ± 4 years) who competed at the national and international level...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072025/does-small-sided-games-training-improve-physical-fitness-and-specific-skills-for-team-sports-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#18
Amri Hammami, Tim J Gabbett, Maamer Slimani, Ezdine Bouhlel
INTRODUCTION: This paper aimed to systematically review and meta-analyse the training effects of small-sided games (SSG) on physical fitness and specific skills related to team sport according to the level of play and the period of the season. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The search covered the following electronic databases (PubMed, Google Scholar, and ScienceDirect). The publications' search period ranged from 2000 to 2016. The terms (small- sided game, training, skill-based game, aerobic fitness, sprint, agility, jump and team sports) were used either singularly or combined in a systematic sequence...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065078/biomechanical-differences-of-multidirectional-jump-landings-among-female-basketball-and-soccer-players
#19
Jeffrey B Taylor, Kevin R Ford, Randy J Schmitz, Scott E Ross, Terry A Ackerman, Sandra J Shultz
Taylor, JB, Ford, KR, Schmitz, RJ, Ross, SE, Ackerman, TA, and Shultz, SJ. Biomechanical differences of multidirectional jump landings among female basketball and soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 31(11): 3034-3045, 2017-Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury prevention programs are less successful in basketball than soccer and may be due to distinct movement strategies that these athletes develop from sport-specific training. The purpose of this study was to identify biomechanical differences between female basketball and soccer players during multidirectional jump landings...
November 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065054/the-importance-of-body-composition-in-the-national-hockey-league-combine-physiologic-assessments
#20
Nathan A Chiarlitti, Patrick Delisle-Houde, Ryan E R Reid, Cory Kennedy, Ross E Andersen
The National Hockey League (NHL) combine was designed to assess draft-eligible players based on body composition, speed, power, and strength. The importance of body composition in the battery of combine physical tests was investigated and differences in results based on position were explored. Thirty-seven elite male Canadian university hockey players (age = 22.86 ± 1.55 years, weight = 87.21 ± 6.52 kg, height = 181.69 ± 6.19 cm) participated in the study at the beginning of their hockey season. All participants underwent physical testing (as outlined in the 2016 NHL combine) and one total body dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan to measure body composition...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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