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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909422/the-role-of-medial-frontal-cortex-in-action-anticipation-in-professional-badminton-players
#1
Huan Xu, Pin Wang, Zhuo'er Ye, Xin Di, Guiping Xu, Lei Mo, Huiyan Lin, Hengyi Rao, Hua Jin
Some studies show that the medial frontal cortex is associated with more skilled action anticipation, while similar findings are not observed in some other studies, possibly due to the stimuli employed and the participants used as the control group. In addition, no studies have investigated whether there is any functional connectivity between the medial frontal cortex and other brain regions in more skilled action anticipation. Therefore, the present study aimed to re-investigate how the medial frontal cortex is involved in more skilled action anticipation by circumventing the limitations of previous research and to investigate that the medial frontal cortex functionally connected with other brain regions involved in action processing in more skilled action anticipation...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900178/self-reported-worst-injuries-in-women-s-australian-football-identify-lower-limb-injuries-as-a-prevention-priority
#2
Lauren V Fortington, Alex Donaldson, Caroline F Finch
BACKGROUND: Increasing participation by women in Australian football (AF) has made understanding their specific injury prevention needs a priority. In other sports, men and women have different injury profiles. This study aims to provide the first overview of self-reported injuries in women's AF. METHODS: Nationwide survey of women aged 17+ years who played in an AF competition was conducted following the 2014 playing season. The players' self-reported worst injury from the 2014 season is presented according to injury type, body part injured, treatment sought and games/training missed...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894829/plasticity-of-the-postural-function-to-sport-and-or-motor-experience
#3
REVIEW
Thierry Paillard
This review addresses the possible structural and functional adaptations of the postural function to motor experience. Evidence suggests that postural performance and strategy evolve after training in inactive subjects. In trained subjects, postural adaptations could also occur, since elite athletes exhibit better postural performance than, and different postural strategy to sub-elite athletes. The postural adaptations induced are specific to the context in which the physical activity is practiced. They appear to be so specific that there would be no or only a very slight effect of transfer to non-experienced motor tasks (apart from in subjects presenting low initial levels of postural performance, such as aged subjects)...
November 25, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880039/importance-of-external-cause-coding-for-injury-surveillance-lessons-from-assessment-of-overexertion-injuries-among-u-s-army-soldiers-in-2014
#4
Michelle Canham-Chervak, Ryan A Steelman, Anna Schuh, Bruce H Jones
Injuries are a barrier to military medical readiness, and overexertion has historically been a leading mechanism of injury among active duty U.S. Army soldiers. Details are needed to inform prevention planning. The Defense Medical Surveillance System (DMSS) was queried for unique medical encounters among active duty Army soldiers consistent with the military injury definition and assigned an overexertion external cause code (ICD-9: E927.0-E927.9) in 2014 (n=21,891). Most (99.7%) were outpatient visits and 60% were attributed specifically to sudden strenuous movement...
November 2016: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878317/-what-is-currently-available-for-sport-medicine-therapy
#5
U Tegtbur
After 30 years of age physical capacity decreases with increasing age by 5-20% per decade. High physical activity in daily life as well as exercise training of endurance, strength, coordination and mobility can delay the functional and anatomical loss of muscle, bone, cartilage and connective tissue by more than 10 years. In recent years, numerous concepts have scientifically been proven in the exercise therapy of internal diseases; therefore, similar to drug treatment, cellular mechanisms of exercise training adaptation are known in detail...
December 2016: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874301/cognitive-predictors-of-performance-in-well-trained-table-tennis-players-with-intellectual-disability
#6
Debbie Van Biesen, Jennifer Mactavish, Janne Kerremans, Yves C Vanlandewijck
Evidence-based classification systems in Paralympic sport require knowledge of the underlying effect of impairment in a specific sport. This study investigated the relationship between cognition and tactical proficiency in 88 well-trained table tennis players with intellectual disability (ID; 29 women, 59 men, M ± SD IQ 59.9 ± 9.6). Data were collected at 3 competitions sanctioned by the International Federation for Para-Athletes with Intellectual Disabilities (INAS). A generic cognitive test consisting of 8 neuropsychological subtests was used to assess cognitive abilities relevant to sport (reaction time, processing speed, and decision speed; spatial visualization; fluid reasoning; memory; executive functioning; and visual processing)...
October 2016: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873190/development-of-a-skill-acquisition-periodisation-framework-for-high-performance-sport
#7
REVIEW
Damian Farrow, Sam Robertson
Unlike physical training, skill acquisition does not currently utilise periodisation to plan, monitor and evaluate programs. Development of a skill acquisition periodisation framework would allow for systematic investigation into the acute and longitudinal effectiveness of such interventions. Using the physical training literature as a reference point, a skill-training periodisation framework was developed for use in high-performance sport. Previous research undertaken in skill acquisition was used to provide support for the framework...
November 21, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865877/cough-in-the-athlete-chest-guideline-and-expert-panel-report
#8
Louis-Philippe Boulet, Julie Turmel, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: Cough is a common symptom experienced by athletes, particularly after exercise. We performed a systematic review to assess in this population: 1) the main etiologies of acute and recurrent cough, either exercise-induced or not; 2) how it is assessed; and 3) how cough is treated in this population. From the systematic review, suggestions for management were developed. METHOD: ology: This review was done according to the CHEST methodological guidelines and GRADE framework up to April 2015...
November 16, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865722/effect-of-sex-and-sporting-discipline-on-lv%C3%A2-adaptation-to-exercise
#9
Gherardo Finocchiaro, Harshil Dhutia, Andrew D'Silva, Aneil Malhotra, Alexandros Steriotis, Lynne Millar, Keerthi Prakash, Rajay Narain, Michael Papadakis, Rajan Sharma, Sanjay Sharma
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the effect of different types of exercise on left ventricular (LV) geometry in a large group of female and male athletes. BACKGROUND: Studies assessing cardiac adaptation in female and male athletes indicate that female athletes reveal smaller increases in LV wall thickness and cavity size compared with male athletes. However, data on sex-specific changes in LV geometry in athletes are scarce. METHODS: A total of 1,083 healthy, elite, white athletes (41% female; mean age 21...
November 11, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849130/treatment-of-muscle-injuries-in-football
#10
Peter Ueblacker, Lutz Haensel, Hans-Wilhelm Mueller-Wohlfahrt
Muscle injuries are frequent and represent one of the most substantial medical problems in professional football. They can have both traumatic and overuse causes with direct practical consequence due to differences in terms of the post-primary care regimen and prognosis. An accurate diagnosis is the first step towards a specific treatment and usually allows to predict return to play (RTP). Current treatment principles have no firm scientific basis; they are practiced largely as empirical medicine due to a lack of prospective randomised studies...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846308/the-challenge-of-evaluating-the-intensity-of-short-actions-in-soccer-a-new-methodological-approach-using-percentage-acceleration
#11
Karin Sonderegger, Markus Tschopp, Wolfgang Taube
PURPOSE: There are several approaches to quantifying physical load in team sports using positional data. Distances in different speed zones are most commonly used. Recent studies have used acceleration data in addition in order to take short intense actions into account. However, the fact that acceleration decreases with increasing initial running speed is ignored and therefore introduces a bias. The aim of our study was to develop a new methodological approach that removes this bias...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842463/do-cognitive-training-strategies-improve-motor-and-positive-psychological-skills-development-in-soccer-players-insights-from-a-systematic-review
#12
Maamer Slimani, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, David Tod, Alexandre Dellal, Olivier Hue, Foued Cheour, Lee Taylor, Karim Chamari
Soccer players are required to have well-developed physical, technical and cognitive abilities. The present systematic review, adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines, examined the effects of cognitive training strategies on motor and positive psychological skills development in soccer performance and identified the potential moderators of the "cognitive training-soccer performance" relationship. Thirteen databases were systematically searched using keywords related to psychological or cognitive training in soccer players...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834613/patient-outcomes-utilizing-the-mulligan-concept-of-mwm-to-treat-intercollegiate-patients-diagnosed-with-lateral-ankle-sprain-an-a-priori-case-series
#13
James M May, Alan Nasypany, Julie Paolino, Russell Baker, Jeffrey Seegmiller
CONTEXT: While the incidence and re-injury rates of lateral ankle sprain (LAS) continue to persist at high rates across many sporting activities, further exploration of assessment and treatment beyond the traditional ligamentous and strength/proprioceptive model is warranted. Further, assessing and treating both arthrokinematic and osteokinematic changes associated with LAS can provide insight into a more diverse approach to treating ankle pathology. OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical use of the Mulligan Concept MWM while treating patients diagnosed with an acute grade I or II LAS through authentic patient care...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834559/wearable-training-monitoring-technology-applications-challenges-and-opportunities
#14
Marco Cardinale, Matthew C Varley
The need to quantify aspects of training in order to improve training prescription has been the holy grail of sport scientists and coaches for many years. Recently, there has been an increase in scientific interest, possibly due to technological advancements and better equipment to quantify training activities. Over the last few years there has been an increase in the number of studies assessing training load in various athletic cohorts with a bias towards subjective reports and/or quantifications of external load...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813685/physical-activity-and-intermittent-postconcussion-symptoms-after-a-period-of-symptom-limited-physical-and-cognitive-rest
#15
Quinton Sawyer, Brian Vesci, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
: Reference: Schneider KJ, Iverson GL, Emery CA, McCrory P, Herring SA, Meeuwisse WH. The effects of rest and treatment following sport-related concussion: a systematic review of the literature. Br J Sports Med. 2013;47(5):304-307. CLINICAL QUESTION: After concussion and a period of symptom-limited physical and cognitive rest, do athletes who experience intermittent symptoms return to asymptomatic condition more quickly with physical activity than with prolonged physical rest? DATA SOURCES: One investigator performed an individual search for each research question using the following databases: CINAHL, Cochrane Controlled Trials Registers, EMBASE, HealthSTAR, ProQuest, PsychInfo, PubMed, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science...
September 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813683/shoulder-rotator-strength-range-of-motion-and-acromiohumeral-distance-in-asymptomatic-adolescent-volleyball-attackers
#16
Gulcan Harput, Hande Guney, Ugur Toprak, Tunca Kaya, Fatma Filiz Colakoglu, Gul Baltaci
CONTEXT: Sport-specific adaptations at the glenohumeral joint could occur in adolescent athletes because they start participating in high-performance sports in early childhood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate shoulder-rotator strength, internal-rotation (IR) and external-rotation (ER) range of motion (ROM), and acromiohumeral distance (AHD) in asymptomatic adolescent volleyball attackers to determine if they have risk factors for injury. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
September 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811514/overuse-injuries-in-the-pediatric-population
#17
Mark Wu, Ryan Fallon, Benton E Heyworth
Athletic overuse injuries are becoming an increasingly common entity in the active pediatric population. The prevalence of these injuries may be attributed to the combination of an underdeveloped musculoskeletal system, increased participation in competitive sport at a younger age, and increased duration and intensity of training. Many of these injuries may go unreported and/or undiagnosed, as they do not all result in time lost from sports, and are not always appreciated on imaging. Left unrecognized, untreated, or poorly managed, overuse injuries can have long-term health consequences for young athletes...
December 2016: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809906/modulating-effects-of-exercise-training-regimen-on-skeletal-muscle-properties-in-female-polo-ponies
#18
Metha Chanda, Ratchakrit Srikuea, Worakij Cherdchutam, Arthit Chairoungdua, Pawinee Piyachaturawat
BACKGROUND: The match play patterns in equestrian polo are unique and require specific training programs to ensure sport performance. The effect of commonly used exercise training regimens on the adaptation of skeletal muscle is unclear. The present study investigated the modulating effects of the classic training regimen, comprised of aerobic exercise training with increasing exercise intensities and varying duration combined with match play, on the properties of muscle in polo ponies...
November 4, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806009/tapering-practices-of-croatian-open-class-powerlifting-champions
#19
Jozo Grgic, Pavle Mikulic
The aim of this study was to explore tapering practices among 10 Croatian open-class powerlifting champions (mean ± SD: age 29.2 ± 3.2 years; Wilks coefficient 355.1 ± 54.8). The athletes were interviewed about their tapering practices using a semi-structured interview, after which the audio content was transcribed. The athletes reported decreasing training volume during the taper by 50.5 ± 11.7% using a step type or an exponential type of taper with a fast decay. Training intensity was maintained or increased during the taper, and it reached its highest values 8 ± 3 days before the competition...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792221/successful-treatment-of-groin-pain-syndrome-in-a-pole-vault-athlete-with-core-stability-exercise-a-case-report
#20
Antonio Dello Iacono, Nicola Maffulli, Lior Laver, Johnny Padulo
CONTEXT: The purpose of this case report is to present a case of groin pain in a pole vault athlete describing the biomechanical features of the injury`s mechanism, acute medical management, and its successful rehabilitation. CASE REPORT: A 22 years old professional pole-vaulter sustained an injury during a regular training session. The athlete reported significant left lower abdominal and left proximal adductor discomfort in all activities, including basic trunk motion when moving in bed, sit to stand, and walking, and was unable to return to the regular training...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
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