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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434474/chinese-herbal-medicine-adjunct-therapy-in-patients-with-acute-relapse-of-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Liang Song, Qi-Hui Zhou, Hui-Lin Wang, Feng-Jiao Liao, Liang Hua, Hong-Feng Zhang, Li-Bo Huang, Yan Lin, Guo-Qing Zheng
BACKGROUND: Many patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) resort to complementary and alternative medicine, which is used in 33%-80% of MS patients in the developed country. The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) as an adjunct therapy of patients with acute relapse of MS. METHODS: Six databases were searched for randomized-controlled trial of CHM for acute relapse of MS. The risk of bias was assessed by using the twelve criteria recommended by the Cochrane Back Review Group...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413848/impact-of-data-model-and-point-density-on-aboveground-forest-biomass-estimation-from-airborne-lidar
#2
Mariano Garcia, Sassan Saatchi, Antonio Ferraz, Carlos Alberto Silva, Susan Ustin, Alexander Koltunov, Heiko Balzter
BACKGROUND: Accurate estimation of aboveground forest biomass (AGB) and its dynamics is of paramount importance in understanding the role of forest in the carbon cycle and the effective implementation of climate change mitigation policies. LiDAR is currently the most accurate technology for AGB estimation. LiDAR metrics can be derived from the 3D point cloud (echo-based) or from the canopy height model (CHM). Different sensors and survey configurations can affect the metrics derived from the LiDAR data...
December 2017: Carbon Balance and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398698/inhibiting-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-signalling-potentiates-mesenchymal-epithelial-transition-of-breast-cancer-stem-cells-and-their-responsiveness-to-anticancer-drugs
#3
Kanakaraju Manupati, Neha R Dhoke, Tanusree Debnath, Ragini Yeeravalli, Kalpana Guguloth, Shahrzad Saeidpour, Utpal Chandra De, Sudhan Debnath, Amitava Das
Recurrence of breast cancer in patients is a persisting challenge to medical fraternity. Breast tumor contains a small population with high tumor initiating and metastatic potential known as Cancer Stem Cells (CSCs) that are resistant to existing chemotherapeutics. CSCs contribute to the aggressiveness of Triple Negative Breast Cancers (TNBCs) thereby necessitates identifying molecular targets on breast CSCs. TNBC cell line MDA-MB-231, as compared to MCF-7 depicted a higher expression of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR)...
April 11, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376043/multimodal-imaging-of-mosaic-retinopathy-in-carriers-of-hereditary-x-linked-recessive-diseases
#4
An-Lun Wu, Jung-Pan Wang, Yun-Ju Tseng, Laura Liu, Yu-Chuan Kang, Kuan-Jen Chen, An-Ning Chao, Lung-Kun Yeh, Tun-Lu Chen, Yih-Shiou Hwang, Wei-Chi Wu, Chi-Chun Lai, Nan-Kai Wang
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical features in carriers of X-linked retinitis pigmentosa, X-linked ocular albinism, and choroideremia (CHM) using multimodal imaging and to assess their diagnostic value in these three mosaic retinopathies. METHODS: We prospectively examined 14 carriers of 3 X-linked recessive disorders (X-linked retinitis pigmentosa, X-linked ocular albinism, and CHM). Details of abnormalities of retinal morphology were evaluated using fundus photography, fundus autofluorescence (FAF) imaging, and spectral domain optical coherence tomography...
April 3, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369842/novel-non-contiguous-exon-duplication-in-choroideremia
#5
Thomas L Edwards, Jonathan Williams, Maria I Patrício, Matthew P Simunovic, Morag Shanks, Penny Clouston, Robert E MacLaren
The importance of establishing a genetic diagnosis in patients with a choroideremia phenotype has been underscored by the advent of gene replacement therapy for this condition. Here we describe a complex imbalance at the CHM locus in a male patient with classical disease. At the DNA level, this imbalance consists of two non-contiguous duplications (exons 1-2, and 9-12). Further characterization suggests the generation of two independent CHM transcriptional units, one of which may produce a deleted form of the REP1 protein...
March 28, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353654/the-molecule-of-the-month-website-an-extraordinary-chemistry-educational-resource-online-for-over-20-years
#6
Paul W May, Simon A Cotton, Karl Harrison, Henry S Rzepa
The Molecule of the Month website (http://www.chm.bris.ac.uk/motm/motm.htm) is an educational resource that is celebrating its 20th anniversary. Here we reflect on its pioneering role in promoting new technology for visualizing and presenting chemical information on the web, as well as its achievements, as a free educational resource, both as a teaching aid and as a multi-user, multi-author learning platform. We discuss the legal aspects of such sites, as well as issues around how to make the content permanent...
March 29, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347338/the-prevalence-characteristics-and-factors-associated-with-purchasing-chinese-herbal-medicine-among-adults-in-taiwan
#7
Chun -Chuan Shih, Lu-Hsiang Huang, Chun-Chieh Yeh, Hsin-Long Lane, Chang-Ju Hsieh, Chin-Chuan Tsai, Li-Wei Lin, Ta-Liang Chen, Chien-Chang Liao
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with purchasing Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) without a physician's prescription among adults. METHODS: Using data from the 2005 National Health Interview Survey and National Health Insurance, we identified 16,756 individuals aged 20 years and older. Socio-demographic factors, lifestyle, medical services utilization and health behaviors were compared between people with and without a history of purchasing CHM by calculating adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) in a multiple logistic regression analysis...
March 27, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339712/effect-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-treatment-on-plasma-lipid-profile-and-hepatic-lipid-metabolism-in-hetian-broiler
#8
Z Xie, J Zhang, S Ma, X Huang, Y Huang
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether adding a Chinese herbal hedicine (CHM, including astragalus membranaceus, codonopsis pilosula, poria cocos, bighead atractylodes rhizome, fructus crataegi, folium epimedii, radix saposhnikoviae, and pericarpium citri reticulatae) diet has effects on lipid metabolism in the liver of the broiler. Six-hundred-thirty Hetian broilers were divided into 3 groups including base diet (control), 0.3%, or 1% CHM diets, for 130 days. The results showed that CHM treatment significantly increased the slaughter performance...
February 21, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330722/the-use-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-as-an-adjuvant-therapy-to-reduce-incidence-of-chronic-hepatitis-in-colon-cancer-patients-a-taiwanese-population-based-cohort-study
#9
Tsai-Hui Lin, Hung-Rong Yen, Jen-Huai Chiang, Mao-Feng Sun, Hen-Hong Chang, Sheng-Teng Huang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: There is a decided lack of in-depth studies to evaluate the effectiveness of Chinese Herbal Medicine (CHM) as an adjuvant therapy on the incidence of chronic hepatitis in patients with colon cancer. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study is to assess whether CHM treatment decreased the incidence of chronic hepatitisin colon cancer patients who received conventional Western medical treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Taiwanese nationwide population-based study of colon cancer patients receiving Western medicine treatment in conjunction with CHM treatment, using data provided by the National Health Insurance (NHI) Research Database, was conducted...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325576/raman-spectroscopy-in-quality-control-of-chinese-herbal-medicine
#10
Dan-Dan Chen, Xiao-Fang Xie, Hui Ao, Ji-Lei Liu, Cheng Peng
BACKGROUND: Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is of noteworthy international interest due to its potential impact on healthcare and manifests numerous opportunities for new drug development. However, solid scientific evidence is still lacking regarding the safety, efficacy, and quality of CHM-derived medicines. Success in the modernization and globalization of CHM is heavily dependent on the achievements in advanced analytical techniques for in-line checks of CHM quality. Raman spectroscopy has become increasingly valued as an analytical technique in the pharmaceutical sector because it can provide a detailed chemical fingerprint...
May 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302029/in-silico-adme-studies-for-new-drug-discovery-from-chemical-compounds-to-chinese-herbal-medicines
#11
Guojun Yan, Xiaobing Wang, Zhou Chen, Xianhui Wu, Jinhuo Pan, Yushen Huang, Gang Wan, Zhaogang Yang
Nowadays, in-silico tools are widely used to provide the potential structure of the metabolites formed depending on the site of metabolism. These methods can also highlight the molecular moieties that help to direct the molecule into the cytochrome cavity so that the site of metabolism is in proximity to the catalytic center. In this mini-review, we summarized three aspects of the in-silico methods in the application of prediction the ADME (absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion) properties of compounds: structure-based approaches for predicting molecular modeling of drug metabolizing enzymes; in-silico metabolite prediction; and pharmacophore models for analysis substrate specificity...
March 15, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276959/how-should-worsening-in-osteoarthritis-be-defined-development-and-initial-validation-of-preliminary-criteria-for-clinical-worsening-in-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis
#12
Eam Mahler, A A den Broeder, T G Woodworth, Vjjf Busch, F H van den Hoogen, Jwj Bijlsma, Chm van den Ende
OBJECTIVES: There is a need to define and validate measures of clinical worsening in knee and hip osteoarthritis (OA). The objectives of this exploratory project were: (i) to characterize worsening criteria in knee and hip OA using psychometric methods; (ii) to estimate their sensitivity and specificity; and (iii) to validate and compare these criteria with worsening criteria previously described in the literature. METHOD: An Expert Group reached consensus on 10 sets of worsening criteria to be tested in observational data sets of patients with knee or hip OA who received multimodal conservative treatment...
February 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271586/single-base-substitutions-in-the-chm-promoter-as-a-cause-of-choroideremia
#13
Alina Radziwon, Gavin Arno, Dianna Wheaton, Ellen M McDonagh, Emma L Baple, Kaylie Webb-Jones, David Birch, Andrew R Webster, Ian M MacDonald
Although over 150 unique mutations affecting the coding sequence of CHM have been identified in patients with the X-linked chorioretinal disease choroideremia (CHM), no regulatory mutations have been reported, and indeed the promoter has not been defined. Here we describe two independent families affected by CHM bearing a mutation outside the gene's coding region at position c.-98: C>A and C>T, which segregated with the disease. The male proband of family 1 was found to lack CHM mRNA and its gene product Rab escort protein 1 (REP-1), while whole genome sequencing of an affected male in family 2 excluded the involvement of any other known retinal genes...
March 8, 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263889/proteomic-analysis-of-chondromodulin-i-induced-differentiation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-into-chondrocytes
#14
Shuang-Chun Xing, Lian-Xin Du, Wei Zhou, Yu-Qiang Hu, Ya Feng, Hong-Feng Liang, Lin Sang, Min Qi, Li-Jie Zhai, Zhi-Qiang Wang
To identify novel proteins that might help clarify the molecular mechanisms underlying chondromodulin-I (ChM-I) induction of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) differentiate into chondrocytes. MSCs are triggered to differentiate into chondrocytes, which are recognized as important factors in cartilage tissue engineering. ChM-I is a glycoprotein that stimulates the growth of chondrocytes and inhibits angiogenesis in vitro. In this study, the proteomic approach was used to evaluate protein changes between undifferentiated MSCs and ChM-I-transfected MSCs...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255333/impact-of-data-model-and-point-density-on-aboveground-forest-biomass-estimation-from-airborne-lidar
#15
Mariano Garcia, Sassan Saatchi, Antonio Ferraz, Carlos Alberto Silva, Susan Ustin, Alexander Koltunov, Heiko Balzter
BACKGROUND: Accurate estimation of aboveground forest biomass (AGB) and its dynamics is of paramount importance in understanding the role of forest in the carbon cycle and the effective implementation of climate change mitigation policies. LiDAR is currently the most accurate technology for AGB estimation. LiDAR metrics can be derived from the 3D point cloud (echo-based) or from the canopy height model (CHM). Different sensors and survey configurations can affect the metrics derived from the LiDAR data...
December 2017: Carbon Balance and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254297/a-novel-chitosan-hydrogel-membrane-by-an-improved-electrophoretic-deposition-and-its-characteristics-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#16
Wen-Wen Li, Hai-Yan Wang, Yu-Qing Zhang
Here, we report a novel chitosan hydrogel membrane (CHM) created by an improved electrophoretic deposition. Unlike a traditional CHM by electrophoretic deposition, the CHM was formed on a nanoporous film as a barrier using a homemade device at a high DC voltage (60 VDC). The CHM maximum recovery of 81.7% could be achieved after 1h of electrophoretic deposition. The transparent CHM with an elongation of 42.46% and swelling index of 538.86% was a mixture of type I and type II crystal structures. SEM revealed that the CHM had an irregular net structure...
May 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252344/autophagy-inducing-natural-compounds-a-treasure-resource-for-developing-therapeutics-against-tissue-fibrosis
#17
REVIEW
Xiao-Xi Lv, Shan-Shan Liu, Zhuo-Wei Hu
Tissue fibrosis is a common pathologic change of many chronic diseases, which is characterized by extracellular matrix accumulation in tissues and dysfunction of the injured organs. Despite there recently gain mechanistic insight into the pathogenesis of tissue fibrosis, therapeutics for tissue fibrosis and thus many chronic diseases remain a significant clinical unmet need. Recent progressions indicate that autophagy, a conserved lysosomal degradation process in eukaryotic cells, not only plays an important regulatory role in maintaining cellular and tissue homeostasis, but also contributes to the development and progression of tissue fibrosis in a diversity of organs...
February 2017: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249848/systematic-review-of-the-methodological-quality-of-controlled-trials-evaluating-chinese-herbal-medicine-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
Xin Pan, Maria A Lopez-Olivo, Juhee Song, Gregory Pratt, Maria E Suarez-Almazor
OBJECTIVES: We appraised the methodological and reporting quality of randomised controlled clinical trials (RCTs) evaluating the efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). DESIGN: For this systematic review, electronic databases were searched from inception until June 2015. The search was limited to humans and non-case report studies, but was not limited by language, year of publication or type of publication...
March 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230863/oncogenic-role-of-rab-escort-protein-1-through-egfr-and-stat3-pathway
#19
Un-Jung Yun, Jee Young Sung, Seog-Yun Park, Sang-Kyu Ye, Jaegal Shim, Jae-Seon Lee, Masahiko Hibi, Young-Ki Bae, Yong-Nyun Kim
Rab escort protein-1 (REP1) is linked to choroideremia (CHM), an X-linked degenerative disorder caused by mutations of the gene encoding REP1 (CHM). REP1 mutant zebrafish showed excessive cell death throughout the body, including the eyes, indicating that REP1 is critical for cell survival, a hallmark of cancer. In the present study, we found that REP1 is overexpressed in human tumor tissues from cervical, lung, and colorectal cancer patients, whereas it is expressed at relatively low levels in the normal tissue counterparts...
February 23, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219357/prescription-frequency-and-patterns-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-for-liver-cancer-patients-in-taiwan-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-national-health-insurance-research-database
#20
Chin-Tsung Ting, Chian-Jue Kuo, Hsiao-Yun Hu, Ya-Ling Lee, Tung-Hu Tsai
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is frequently provided to HCC patients. The aim of this study was to understand the prescription frequency and patterns of CHM for HCC patients by analyzing the claims data from the National Health Insurance (NHI) in Taiwan. METHODS: We identified 73918 newly diagnosed HCC subjects from the database of Registry for Catastrophic Illness during 2002 to 2009 and to analyze the frequency and pattern of corresponding CHM prescriptions for HCC patients...
February 20, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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