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Ankle and foot pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210803/being-overweight-has-limited-effect-on-scarf-osteotomy-outcome-for-hallux-valgus-correction
#1
Marcin A Milczarek, Julia J Milczarek, Bartłomiej Tomasik, Przemysław Łaganowski, Krzysztof Nowak, Marcin Domżalski
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between body mass index (BMI) and the results of SCARF osteotomy of the first metatarsal for hallux valgus (HV) correction, as the literature on this is scant. METHODS: This prospective study was carried out between 2011 and 2015. One hundred and thirty-three patients diagnosed with moderate to severe HV underwent a SCARF corrective osteotomy. We divided the patients into two groups according to their BMI: normal and overweight...
February 16, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210038/the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-korean-version-of-the-foot-function-index-for-patients-with-foot-complaints
#2
Tae-Sung In, Jin-Hwa Jung, Keunjo Kim, Kyoung-Sim Jung, Hwi-Young Cho
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to establish the reliability and validity of the Foot Function Index translated into Korean for use in patients with plantar fasciitis and foot/ankle fracture. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-six subjects with foot complaints, 14 males and 22 females, participated in the study. Reliability was determined by using the intra-class correlation coefficient and Cronbach's alpha for internal consistency. Validity was examined by correlating Foot Function Index scores with the Short Form-36 and the Visual Analog Scale scores...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209507/ultrasound-guided-pulsed-radiofrequency-stimulation-of-posterior-tibial-nerve-a-potential-novel-intervention-for-recalcitrant-plantar-fasciitis
#3
Yung-Tsan Wu, Chih-Ya Chang, Yu-Ching Chou, Chun-Chang Yeh, Tsung-Ying Li, Heng-Yi Chu, Liang-Cheng Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the therapeutic benefit of ultrasound-guided pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) stimulation at the posterior tibial nerve (PTN) in patients with recalcitrant plantar fasciitis (PF). DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial (12-week follow-up). SETTING: Outpatient of local medical center settings. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six patients with recalcitrant PF were randomized and 36 participants were included in the final data analysis...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203584/plantaris-excision-reduces-pain-in-midportion-achilles-tendinopathy-even-in-the-absence-of-plantaris-tendinosis
#4
James D F Calder, Joanna M Stephen, C Niek van Dijk
BACKGROUND: It is becoming increasingly apparent that the plantaris can contribute to symptoms in at least a subset of patients with midportion Achilles tendinopathy. However, the nature of its involvement remains unclear. PURPOSE: To determine whether excised plantaris tendons from patients with midportion Achilles tendinopathy display tendinopathic changes and whether the presence of such changes affect clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196438/patient-factors-associated-with-higher-expectations-from-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#5
Elizabeth A Cody, Carol A Mancuso, Jayme C Burket, Anca Marinescu, Aoife MacMahon, Scott J Ellis
BACKGROUND: Few authors have investigated patients' expectations from foot and ankle surgery. In this study, we aimed to examine relationships between patients' preoperative expectations and their demographic and clinical characteristics. We hypothesized that patients with more disability and those with anxiety or depressive symptoms would have greater expectations. METHODS: All adult patients scheduled for elective foot or ankle surgery by 1 of 6 orthopaedic foot and ankle surgeons were screened for inclusion over 8 months...
February 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182859/radiographic-study-of-pes-planovarus
#6
Janic Aebi, Monika Horisberger, Arno Frigg
BACKGROUND: Depending on the direction of the subtalar joint, a foot deformity generally tends towards pronation (pes planovalgus) or supination (pes cavovarus). However, the combination of hindfoot varus and flat midfoot/forefoot (pes planovarus) is an exception to this rule. Pes planovarus has so far only been referred to in connection with Müller-Weiss disease and congenital disease. We diagnosed pes planovarus in otherwise healthy patients without these diseases. METHODS: Forty patients with 54 symptomatic feet who were treated between August 2012 and July 2016 were included (mean age, 44...
February 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173717/double-plating-of-distal-fibula-fractures
#7
Danica D Vance, J Turner Vosseller
INTRODUCTION: Distal fibula fractures are common orthopaedic injuries that often require open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) to anatomically reduce the fracture and minimize the risk of posttraumatic arthritis. In certain clinical situations, stouter fixation may be advantageous to decrease the risk of fixation failure. In this study, the authors report on 12 patients who underwent distal fibula ORIF with 2 one-third tubular plates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve consecutive patients who underwent distal fibula ORIF with 2 one-third tubular plates were retrospectively reviewed...
February 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167183/foot-exercise-and-taping-in-patients-with-patellofemoral-pain-and-pronated-foot
#8
Jihyun Lee, Jangwhon Yoon, Heonseock Cynn
This study compared the effect of three foot conditions (untreated, short foot [SF] exercise, and Tape) on knee and ankle muscle activity during forward descending of stairs in subjects with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) and a pronated foot. Surface electromyography activities in the vastus medialis oblique (VMO), vastus lateralis (VL), and abductor hallucis (AbdH) were recorded during forward descending stairs; Surface electromyography data were expressed as percentages of the maximal voluntary isometric contraction...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166873/effect-of-work-boot-type-on-work-footwear-habits-lower-limb-pain-and-perceptions-of-work-boot-fit-and-comfort-in-underground-coal-miners
#9
Jessica A Dobson, Diane L Riddiford-Harland, Alison F Bell, Julie R Steele
Lower limb injuries are highly prevalent in underground coal mining. Wearing gumboots with inadequate ankle support was thought to contribute to these injuries. Despite the uptake of leather lace-up boots, which provide more ankle support, no recent research could be found investigating the effect of this alternative work boot in underground coal mining. Consequently, this study aimed to determine whether boot type (gumboot, leather lace-up boot) influenced work footwear habits, foot problems, lower limb pain, lower back pain, or perceptions of work boot fit and comfort in underground coal miners...
April 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162173/-clinical-effect-of-double-layer-vacuum-sealing-drainage-in-the-treatment-of-delayed-severe-infection-after-calcaneal-fracture-operation
#10
H D Ma, J Bai, X J Du, H D Liu, Y Gao, J J Li, W D Liang, L H Cao, J F Qu
Objective: To observe the clinical effect of vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) technique and simple dressing change in the treatment of delayed severe infection after calcaneal fracture surgery. Methods: From August 2008 to July 2015 , 73 patients with delayed severe infection were treated after calcaneal fractures 3 months in Department of Foot and Ankle, the Second Hospital of Tangshan City, according to the treatment methods are divided into vacuum sealing drainage group of 38 cases, 35 cases of simple dressing group...
January 17, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159040/recombinant-human-platelet-derived-growth-factor-bb-versus-autologous-bone-graft-in-foot-and-ankle-fusion-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Han Sun, Pei-Pei Lu, Ping-Hui Zhou, Si-Wei Sun, Hong-Tao Zhang, Yi-Jie Liu, Xu Yang, Xiao-Feng Shen, Hui-Lin Yang
Today, autogenous bone graft (ABG) is still considered as the gold standard for joint fusion. Recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB (rhPDGF-BB) which is of chemotactic and mitogenic to mesenchymal stem cells and possesses outstanding osteogenetic potentials has been used for ankle and foot fusion in recent years. The goal of this article is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of rhPDGF-BB versus ABG in foot and ankle fusion. The PubMed MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were systematic searched...
March 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149741/arthroscopic-release-of-lateral-half-of-the-talocalcaneonavicular-joint
#12
Tun Hing Lui
Arthrofibrosis of the talocalcaneonavicular joint can follow trauma or surgery of the joint. Arthroscopic release of the lateral half of the talocalcaneonavicular joint is indicated if the painful restriction of hindfoot inversion together with tenderness of the lateral side of the joint that is not controlled with conservative treatment. This procedure is contraindicated in other causes of painful stiffness including post-traumatic arthritis, osteonecrosis, and malunion. This technique includes arthroscopic release of the lateral side of the anterior subtalar joint and the talonavicular joint...
December 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140673/lower-extremity-and-spine-characteristics-in-young-dancers-with-and-without-patellofemoral-pain
#13
Nili Steinberg, Shay Tenenbaum, Israel Hershkovitz, Aviva Zeev, Itzhak Siev-Ner
Very little is known about patellofemoral pain syndrome (PPFS) among young dancers. Understanding the mechanism of the injury and implementing a preventative programme are important in order to minimize the risk of PFPS. The aim of the current study is to determine the extent to which factors such as lower extremity and back characteristics are common among dancers with PFPS. The study population included 271 dancers with PFPS and 271 non-injured dancers, aged 10-16 years. All dancers were screened for morphometric profile, dance discipline (h/week), anatomical anomalies (present/absent of scoliosis, genu valgus/varum, etc...
January 31, 2017: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132005/shock-wave-therapy-associated-with-eccentric-strengthening-versus-isolated-eccentric-strengthening-for-achilles-insertional-tendinopathy-treatment-a-double-blinded-randomised-clinical-trial-protocol
#14
Nacime Salomão Barbachan Mansur, Flávio Faloppa, João Carlos Belloti, Sheila J McNeill Ingham, Fabio Teruo Matsunaga, Paulo Roberto Dias Dos Santos, Bruno Schiefer Dos Santos, Oreste Lemos Carrazzone, Gabriel Peixoto, Bruno Takeshi Aoyama, Marcel Jun Sugawara Tamaoki
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus regarding the treatment of Achilles insertional tendinopathies. Eccentric training remains the main choice in the conservative treatment of this illness; however, the good results in the management of non-insertional Achilles tendinopathy were not replicated in the insertional condition. Low energy shock wave therapy has been described as an alternative to these patients, but has yet to be empirically tested. HYPOTHESIS: Shock wave therapy, adjunctive to the eccentric strengthening protocol, will improve measures of pain and function...
January 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120496/effects-of-active-feedback-gait-retraining-to-produce-a-medial-weight-transfer-at-the-foot-in-subjects-with-symptomatic-medial-knee-osteoarthritis
#15
Jennifer C Erhart-Hledik, Jessica L Asay, Caitlin Clancy, Constance R Chu, Thomas P Andriacchi
This study aimed to determine if active feedback gait retraining to produce a medial weight transfer at the foot significantly reduces the knee adduction moment in subjects with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis. Secondarily, changes in peak knee flexion moment, frontal plane knee and ankle kinematics, and center of pressure were investigated. Ten individuals with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis (9 males; age: 65.3 ± 9.8 years; BMI: 27.8 ± 3.0 kg/m(2) ) were tested at self-selected normal and fast speeds in two conditions: Intervention, with an active feedback device attached to the shoe of their more affected leg, and control, with the device de-activated...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117254/prospective-evaluation-of-intra-articular-sodium-hyaluronate-injection-in-the-ankle
#16
Evelyn P Murphy, Mark Curtin, Niall P McGoldrick, Gerard Thong, Stephen R Kearns
Viscosupplementation by injection of hyaluronic acid into the ankle can be used to provide pain relief and to delay the need for surgery in patients with osteoarthritis of the ankle. In the present investigation, we prospectively evaluated 50 consecutive patients (25 males and 25 females) undergoing a 3-injection protocol of sodium hyaluronate viscosupplementation in the ankle from January 2014 to January 2015. The Foot and Ankle Outcomes Score was used to compare the patients' pre- and post-treatment opinions about their ankle problems...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114949/individual-headless-compression-screws-fixed-with-three-dimensional-image-processing-technology-improves-fusion-rates-of-isolated-talonavicular-arthrodesis
#17
Mei-Ming Xie, Kang Xia, Hong-Xin Zhang, Hong-Hui Cao, Zhi-Jin Yang, Hai-Feng Cui, Shang Gao, Kang-Lai Tang
BACKGROUND: Screw fixation is a typical technique for isolated talonavicular arthrodesis (TNA), however, no consensus has been reached on how to select most suitable inserted position and direction. The study aimed to present a new fixation technique and to evaluate the clinical outcome of individual headless compression screws (HCSs) applied with three-dimensional (3D) image processing technology to isolated TNA. METHODS: From 2007 to 2014, 69 patients underwent isolated TNA by using double Acutrak HCSs...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113040/endoscopic-versus-open-excision-of-os-trigonum-for-the-treatment-of-posterior-ankle-impingement-syndrome-in-an-athletic-population
#18
Dimitrios Georgiannos, Ilias Bisbinas
BACKGROUND: Open surgical excision of the os trigonum has been the traditional treatment for posterior ankle impingement syndrome (PAIS). However, the endoscopic excision has recently become quite popular. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of our study was to compare the results of endoscopic versus open excision of a symptomatic os trigonum for the treatment of PAIS in an athletic population. It was hypothesized that the endoscopic technique would be superior to the open technique regarding functional outcomes, pain, and time to return to training and the previous sports level...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112534/nicolau-syndrome
#19
Andisheh Maneshi, Saeedeh Ravi, Mohammad Reza Salehi, Maliheh Hasannezhad, Hossein Khalili
A 23 year-old man was admitted to the hospital with chief complaints of pain, edema and spasm of the left lower limb, as well as mottling of dorsal and plantar aspects of the foot.  One week before the current admission, he was treated with oral co-amoxiclave and intramuscular penicillin 6.3.3. Immediately after the third injection, he experienced burning and yellowish discoloration at the site of the injection wich then progressed to his leg and foot. Pain, significant edema, spasm and mottling occurred within 30 minutes of the injection...
January 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107372/cohort-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-multifaceted-podiatry-intervention-for-the-prevention-of-falls-in-older-people-the-reform-trial
#20
Sarah Cockayne, Joy Adamson, Arabella Clarke, Belen Corbacho, Caroline Fairhurst, Lorraine Green, Catherine E Hewitt, Kate Hicks, Anne-Maree Kenan, Sarah E Lamb, Caroline McIntosh, Hylton B Menz, Anthony C Redmond, Zoe Richardson, Sara Rodgers, Wesley Vernon, Judith Watson, David J Torgerson
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major cause of morbidity among older people. A multifaceted podiatry intervention may reduce the risk of falling. This study evaluated such an intervention. DESIGN: Pragmatic cohort randomised controlled trial in England and Ireland. 1010 participants were randomised (493 to the Intervention group and 517 to Usual Care) to either: a podiatry intervention, including foot and ankle exercises, foot orthoses and, if required, new footwear, and a falls prevention leaflet or usual podiatry treatment plus a falls prevention leaflet...
2017: PloS One
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