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Ankle and foot pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089127/mini-invasive-treatment-for-brachymetatarsia-of-the-fourth-ray-in-females-percutaneous-osteotomy-with-mini-burr-and-external-fixation-a-case-series
#1
Federico Fusini, Francesco Langella, Ottorino Catani, Fabrizio Sergio, Fabio Zanchini
Brachymetatarsia is a rare disease defined by metatarsal shortening and characterized by aesthetic dissatisfaction with or without pain. The aim of our study was to evaluate the outcomes of fourth ray brachymetatarsia treated with percutaneous osteotomy using a mini-burr and gradual lengthening with external fixation. A total of 7 females were recruited for the study; 6 (85.71%) of whom had a bilateral deformity, for a total of 13 feet affected by fourth ray brachymetatarsia. Percutaneous diaphysis osteotomy with a mini-burr followed by metatarsal elongation was performed...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074463/importance-of-fixation-of-posterior-malleolus-fracture-in-trimalleolar-fractures-a-retrospective-study
#2
Sinan Karaca, Meriç Enercan, Güzelali Özdemir, Sinan Kahraman, Mutlu Çobanoğlu, Metin Küçükkaya
BACKGROUND: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate treatment effect and importance of posterior malleolus (PM) fixation in surgically treated trimalleolar fractures. METHODS: A total of 57 cases of ankle joint fracture involving PM and treated with open reduction and internal fixation technique between 2004 and 2011 were evaluated. PM fixation was performed with cannulated screws in 46 cases, and in 11 cases, PM plate was used. All patients were assessed using American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) foot and ankle questionnaire, and Visual Analog Score (VAS) pain scale...
November 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074258/the-treatment-options-for-posterior-malleolar-fractures-in-tibial-spiral-fractures
#3
Jialiang Guo, Lei Liu, Zongyou Yang, Zhiyong Hou, Wei Chen, Yingze Zhang
PURPOSE: The posterior malleolar fracture (PMF) in tibial spiral fractures are a common type of complication that occurs in tibial fractures. However, the indication of fixation for posterior fractures is still under debate and varies between different surgeons'. It is not unusual to find the smaller PMF (<25%), which could be treated conservatively within guidelines, treated with internal fixation in clinic. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes of tibial spiral fractures with PMF and provide proper guidance for the treatment of this special fracture...
January 10, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073655/fusion-of-the-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-and-second-to-fifth-metatarsal-head-resection-for-rheumatoid-forefoot-deformity
#4
Pierfranco Triolo, Federica Rosso, Roberto Rossi, Raul Cerlon, Umberto Cottino, Davide Edoardo Bonasia
The goals of the present study were to evaluate the mid-term results of first metatarsophalangeal joint fusion combined with second to fifth metatarsal head resection in rheumatoid forefoot deformity and identify the prognostic factors. The inclusion criteria were 2010 American College of Rheumatology and/or European League Against Rheumatism criteria for rheumatoid arthritis; symptomatic forefoot deformity; first metatarsophalangeal joint fusion and second to fifth metatarsal head resection; and a minimum of 4 years of follow-up data available...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070457/the-concurrent-validity-and-reliability-of-the-leg-motion-system-for-measuring-ankle-dorsiflexion-range-of-motion-in-older-adults
#5
Carlos Romero Morales, César Calvo Lobo, David Rodríguez Sanz, Irene Sanz Corbalán, Beatriz Ruiz Ruiz, Daniel López López
BACKGROUND: New reliable devices for range of motion (ROM) measures in older adults are necessary to improve knowledge about the functional capability in this population. Dorsiflexion ROM limitation is associated with ankle injuries, foot pain, lower limb disorders, loss of balance, gait control disorders and fall risk in older adults. The aim of the present study was to assess the validity and reliability of the Leg Motion device for measuring ankle dorsiflexion ROM in older adults. METHODS: Adescriptive repeated-measures study was designed to test the reliability of Leg Motion in thirty-three healthy elderly patients older than 65 years...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068842/tibialis-anterior-tendon-reconstruction-using-augmented-half-thickness-tendon-segment-transposition
#6
Christopher W Reb, James F Stenson, Joseph N Daniel
: Tibialis anterior tendon rupture causes substantial morbidity. The present study describes the outcomes of augmented, half-thickness tibialis anterior tendon segment transposition, a novel reconstruction technique. This was an institutional review board-approved retrospective review of 3 patients with surgically treated attritional distal rupture with 1-year follow-up. The postdebridement tendon defect prohibited primary repair and was managed by distal transposition of a half-thickness healthy segment...
January 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067582/the-relationship-of-hip-muscle-performance-to-leg-ankle-and-foot-injuries-a-systematic-review
#7
Nili Steinberg, Gali Dar, Martin Dunlop, James Edmund Gaida
OBJECTIVES: Hip control affects movement and muscle firing patterns in the leg, ankle and foot, and may contribute to overuse injuries. Muscle performance can be measured as strength, endurance or muscle activation patterns. Our objective was to systematically review whether hip muscle performance is associated with leg, ankle and foot injuries. DATA SOURCES: A structured and comprehensive search of six medical literature databases was combined with forward and backward citation tracking (AMED, CINAHL, EMBASE, Medline, Scopus and SportDiscus)...
January 9, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058962/short-term-effect-of-ultrasound-guided-low-molecular-weight-hyaluronic-acid-injection-on-clinical-outcomes-and-imaging-changes-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-of-the-ankle-and-foot-joints-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#8
Chien-Chih Wang, Si-Huei Lee, Hsiao-Yi Lin, Fu-Wei Liu, Hong-Jen Chiou, Rai-Chi Chan, Chen-Liang Chou
To determine whether hyaluronic acid (HA) injection into rheumatoid arthritis ankles and feet can achieve improvement in foot function and reduce synovial hyper-vascularization. Forty-four patients with RA having unilateral or bilateral painful ankle and foot involvement (N = 75) were studied. All the patients were randomized to receive HA (N = 40) or lidocaine (LI) (N = 35) injection at 2-week intervals; Clinical assessments were performed using a visual analog scale (VAS) and foot function index (FFItotal) including subscales of pain (FFIpain) before injection at baseline, 4 weeks (first evaluation) and 12 weeks (secondary evaluation)...
January 6, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043936/do-foot-ankle-assessments-assist-the-explanation-of-one-year-knee-arthroplasty-outcomes
#9
L S Gates, C J Bowen, M T Sanchez-Santos, A Delmestri, N K Arden
OBJECTIVE: Whilst a number of risk factors for poor patient reported outcomes (PROMs) following knee arthroplasty (KA) have been identified, unexplained variability still remains. The role of pre-operative foot and ankle status on such outcomes has not been investigated. The aim of this study was therefore to determine the association of clinical foot and ankle assessments with patient reported outcomes one year following KA. DESIGN: One hundred and fifteen participants from the Clinical Outcomes in Arthroplasty Study (COASt), underwent detailed foot and ankle assessments at baseline, prior to KA (2012-2014) and were followed up for self-reported outcomes one year after surgery...
December 30, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041753/modified-reversed-superficial-peroneal-artery-flap-in-the-reconstruction-of-ankle-and-foot-defects-following-severe-burns-or-trauma
#10
Shi-Ji Li, Hao Cheng, Xu Fang, Jian-Yang Xu, Fei Wang, Sheng Liu, Xu-Lin Chen, Xiong-Wen Lv
OBJECTIVE: Challenges persist in the reconstruction of the ankle and the foot with exposed tendons, joints, and bones as a result of severe burns and trauma. In flap elevation involving the sensitive superficial nerve, the local nerve was always sacrificed to obtain an anesthetic donor site; however, such a procedure introduced the possibility of painful neuromas. In this study, we present a desired clinical application of a modified reversed superficial peroneal artery flap, in which the superficial peroneal nerve is preserved...
December 29, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040088/restoration-of-long-bone-defects-treated-with-the-induced-membrane-technique-protocol-and-outcomes
#11
Peter V Giannoudis, Paul J Harwood, Theodoros Tosounidis, Nikolaos K Kanakaris
This prospective study was undertaken at a regional tertiary referral centre to evaluate the results of treatment of bone defects managed with the induced membrane (IM) technique. Inclusion criteria were patients with bone defects secondary to septic non-union, chronic osteomyelitis and acute fracture with bone loss. Pathological fractures with bone loss were excluded. Data collection included patient demographics, pathology, previous surgical intervention, size of bone defect, type of graft implanted, time-to-union and complications/reinterventions...
December 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033058/partial-rupture-of-the-tibialis-posterior-tendon-associated-with-a-closed-medial-malleolar-fracturea-case-report
#12
Jin Park
Rupture of the tibialis posterior tendon associated with ankle fracture is rare and difficult to diagnose. This rupture can be easily overlooked because the clinical examination is limited owing to acute pain related to a closed ankle fracture. Complete rupture of the tibialis posterior tendon can be identified by a loss of tension during ankle fracture fixation, but partial rupture is more difficult to detect because the tibialis posterior tendon can maintain its tension. A few cases of complete rupture of the tibialis posterior tendon combined with ankle fracture have been reported...
November 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033048/delayed-surgical-reconstruction-of-a-peroneal-tendon-rupture-in-an-accessory-os-peroneuma-rare-differential-diagnosis-in-chronic-ankle-pain
#13
Julia Evers, Dirk Wähnert, Niklas Grüneweller, Michael J Raschke, Sabine Ochman
A fracture of the os peroneum is a rare cause of ankle and foot pain and is often overlooked and not assumed. Only a few case reports have discussed the different etiologies, options for diagnosis, and therapeutic interventions for acute cases. We present a case of delayed diagnosis of an os peroneum fracture due to a distortion of the ankle that occurred during air sports. Initial diagnostic testing with magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a rupture of the peroneus longus tendon with no pathologic abnormalities at the peroneus brevis tendon...
November 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031668/bilateral-superficial-femoral-artery-thrombosis-in-a-15-year-old-caucasian-male-with-homozygous-prothrombin-g20210a-genotype-and-associated-antiphospholipid-syndrome
#14
Uzung Yoon, LaiLai Kwok, Ingo Flessenkaemper
Prothrombin mutation was usually associated with other well-established predisposing factors for venous thrombosis such as antiphospholipid antibodies. Recently, even isolated prothrombin gene mutation G20210A has been reported to present severe or unusual vein thrombosis. Less clear is the role of prothrombin mutation in the formation of arterial thrombosis. We present a case of a 15-year-old healthy White male with acute bilateral femoral artery thrombosis. The patient presented with increasing left leg pain for about 1 week...
December 2016: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031506/intramedullary-and-intra-osseous-arthrodesis-of-the-hallux-metatarsophalangeal-joint
#15
Efstathios Drampalos, Shen Hwa Vun, Irfan Fayyaz
PURPOSE: To review the outcome of arthrodesis of the hallux metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint in 23 patients. METHODS: Records of 9 men and 14 women aged 27 to 88 (mean, 57) years who underwent arthrodesis of the hallux MTP joint using an intramedullary device and an intra-osseous device were reviewed. Indications for surgery were severe hallux valgus (n=15), hallux rigidus (n=6) and rheumatoid arthritis (n=2). Outcome measures included visual analogue score (VAS) for pain, the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hallux score, bone union, hallux valgus angle (HVA), dorsiflexion angle (DA), complications, revision, and patient satisfaction...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031504/comparison-of-early-outcome-of-weil-osteotomy-and-distal-metatarsal-mini-invasive-osteotomy-for-lesser-toe-metatarsalgia
#16
Nicholas Eng Meng Yeo, Bryan Loh, Jerry YongQiang Chen, Andy Khye Soon Yew, Sean Yc Ng
PURPOSE: To compare the 6-month outcome of Weil osteotomy with distal metatarsal mini-invasive osteotomy (DMMO) in 33 patients with lesser toe metatarsalgia. METHODS: Records of 33 patients who underwent Weil osteotomy (n=20, 41 toes) or DMMO (n=13, 22 toes) for lesser toe metatarsalgia by a single surgeon were reviewed. 25 of them had a concurrent procedure on the 1st toe. Outcome at 6 months was assessed using the visual analogue score (VAS) for pain, American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) lesser toe metatarsophalangeal-interphalangeal (MTP-IP) score, and the RAND-36 score...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025369/incidence-of-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-i-following-foot-and-ankle-fractures-using-the-budapest-criteria
#17
Michael Bullen, Coran Lang, Phong Tran
OBJECTIVE : Fractures are a well-recognized inciting event in the development of complex regional pain syndrome. This study aimed to prospectively determine the incidence of complex regional pain syndrome following foot and ankle fractures. METHODS : A prospective study was conducted of patients presenting to two metropolitan hospitals with plain radiograph diagnosis of fractures to the foot or ankle. Patients were initially screened by phone 3 months after injury using the validated International Association for the Study of Pain Budapest criteria...
December 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025367/phenotypic-variation-in-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-comparison-between-presentation-in-knee-alone-or-in-ankle-foot
#18
Catelijne M van Bussel, Dirk L Stronks, Frank J P M Huygen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the phenotypes of patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) of the knee to those with CRPS of the ankle/foot. SETTING: A retrospective study. SUBJECTS: Patients with CRPS of the knee and patients with CRPS of the ankle/foot. METHODS: We used electronic patient databases to identify patients with CRPS of the knee and patients with CRPS of the ankle/foot. The following variables were recorded: age, gender, duration of complaints, initial injury, and symptoms and signs...
December 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018488/relationship-between-patient-reported-outcome-measures-prom-and-three-measures-of-foot-ankle-alignment-in-patients-with-metatarsal-head-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Manuel González-Sánchez, Esther Velasco-Ramos, Maria Ruiz Muñoz, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to establish the relationship between foot-ankle patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) and three measures of foot-ankle alignment (MoFAA) in patients with metatarsal head pain. METHODS: A cross-sectional study where 206 patients completed three PROMs and a clinician recorded three MoFAA bilaterally (three times each). A reliability analysis of the MoFAA, a correlation analysis (between MoFAA and PROM) and regression analysis (dependent variable: PROM; independent variables: MoFAA) were performed...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018093/clinico-radiological-improvement-in-an-immunocompetent-patient-presented-with-scedosporium-apiospermum-osteomyelitis
#20
Rahul Mohan, T S Gopakumar
Scedosporium apiospermum is frequently found as a saprophyte in soil, sewage and contaminated water. Its manifestations in immunocompetent patients are usually localised and in immunodeficient patients, it causes invasive systemic diseases. We are reporting the case of a 40-year-old male, who presented with pain, oedema and multiple discharging sinuses over the lateral aspect of the left foot with history of thorn prick. On examination, there were multiple active sinuses with tenderness and local rise in temperature...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
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