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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288017/task-induced-changes-in-idiopathic-infantile-nystagmus-vary-with-gaze
#1
Marzieh Salehi Fadardi, Arne C Bathke, Solomon W Harrar, Larry Allen Abel
PURPOSE: Investigations of infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS) at center or at the null position have reported that INS worsens when visual demand is combined with internal states, e.g. stress. Visual function and INS parameters such as foveation time, frequency, amplitude, and intensity can also be influenced by gaze position. We hypothesized that increases from baseline in visual demand and mental load would affect INS parameters at the null position differently than at other gaze positions...
March 11, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237335/evaluation-of-the-14-d-cidr-pg-and-9-d-cidr-pg-protocols-for-synchronization-of-estrus-in-bos-indicus-influenced-and-bos-taurus-beef-heifers
#2
J M Thomas, J W C Locke, B E Bishop, J M Abel, M R Ellersieck, J V Yelich, S E Poock, M F Smith, D J Patterson
Two long-term, CIDR-based estrus synchronization protocols were evaluated among Bos indicus-influenced and Bos taurus beef heifers. Treatments were evaluated on the basis of estrous response and pregnancy rate resulting from fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI), and these outcomes were analyzed retrospectively relative to reproductive tract score (RTS; Scale 1-5) at treatment initiation. Estrus was synchronized for 1139 heifers in three locations, and heifers were assigned to one of two treatments within each location based on RTS...
April 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222112/genome-wide-study-of-resistant-hypertension-identified-from-electronic-health-records
#3
Logan Dumitrescu, Marylyn D Ritchie, Joshua C Denny, Nihal M El Rouby, Caitrin W McDonough, Yuki Bradford, Andrea H Ramirez, Suzette J Bielinski, Melissa A Basford, High Seng Chai, Peggy Peissig, David Carrell, Jyotishman Pathak, Luke V Rasmussen, Xiaoming Wang, Jennifer A Pacheco, Abel N Kho, M Geoffrey Hayes, Martha Matsumoto, Maureen E Smith, Rongling Li, Rhonda M Cooper-DeHoff, Iftikhar J Kullo, Christopher G Chute, Rex L Chisholm, Gail P Jarvik, Eric B Larson, David Carey, Catherine A McCarty, Marc S Williams, Dan M Roden, Erwin Bottinger, Julie A Johnson, Mariza de Andrade, Dana C Crawford
Resistant hypertension is defined as high blood pressure that remains above treatment goals in spite of the concurrent use of three antihypertensive agents from different classes. Despite the important health consequences of resistant hypertension, few studies of resistant hypertension have been conducted. To perform a genome-wide association study for resistant hypertension, we defined and identified cases of resistant hypertension and hypertensives with treated, controlled hypertension among >47,500 adults residing in the US linked to electronic health records (EHRs) and genotyped as part of the electronic MEdical Records & GEnomics (eMERGE) Network...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214038/maximising-synergy-among-tropical-plant-systematists-ecologists-and-evolutionary-biologists
#4
REVIEW
Timothy R Baker, R Toby Pennington, Kyle G Dexter, Paul V A Fine, Helen Fortune-Hopkins, Euridice N Honorio, Isau Huamantupa-Chuquimaco, Bente B Klitgård, Gwilym P Lewis, Haroldo C de Lima, Peter Ashton, Christopher Baraloto, Stuart Davies, Michael J Donoghue, Maria Kaye, W John Kress, Caroline E R Lehmann, Abel Monteagudo, Oliver L Phillips, Rodolfo Vasquez
Closer collaboration among ecologists, systematists, and evolutionary biologists working in tropical forests, centred on studies within long-term permanent plots, would be highly beneficial for their respective fields. With a key unifying theme of the importance of vouchered collection and precise identification of species, especially rare ones, we identify four priority areas where improving links between these communities could achieve significant progress in biodiversity and conservation science: (i) increasing the pace of species discovery; (ii) documenting species turnover across space and time; (iii) improving models of ecosystem change; and (iv) understanding the evolutionary assembly of communities and biomes...
April 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187516/collaborating-to-compete-blood-profiling-atlas-in-cancer-bloodpac-consortium
#5
R L Grossman, B Abel, S Angiuoli, J C Barrett, D Bassett, K Bramlett, G M Blumenthal, A Carlsson, R Cortese, J DiGiovanna, B Davis-Dusenbery, R Dittamore, D A Eberhard, P Febbo, M Fitzsimons, Z Flamig, J Godsey, J Goswami, A Gruen, F O Guzman, J Han, D Hayes, J Hicks, D Holloway, D Hovelson, J Johnson, H Juhl, R Kalamegham, R Kamal, Q Kang, G J Kelloff, M Klozenbuecher, A Kolatkar, P Kuhn, K Langone, R Leary, P Loverso, H Manmathan, A-M Martin, J Martini, D Miller, M Mitchell, T Morgan, R Mulpuri, T Nguyen, G Otto, A Pathak, E Peters, R Philip, E Posadas, D Reese, M G Reese, D Robinson, A D Rossi, H Sakul, J Schageman, S Singh, H I Scher, K Schmitt, A Silvestro, J Simmons, T Simmons, J Sislow, A Talasaz, P Tang, M Tewari, S Tomlins, H Toukhy, H R Tseng, M Tuck, A Tzou, J Vinson, Y Wang, W Wells, A Welsh, J Wilbanks, J Wolf, L Young, J S H Lee, L C Leiman
The cancer community understands the value of blood profiling measurements in assessing and monitoring cancer. We describe an effort amongst academic, government, biotechnology, diagnostic, and pharmaceutical companies called the Blood Profiling Atlas in Cancer (BloodPAC) Project. BloodPAC will aggregate, make freely available, and harmonize for further analyses, raw datasets, relevant associated clinical data (e.g. clinical diagnosis, treatment history and outcomes), and sample preparation and handling protocols to accelerate the development of blood profiling assays...
February 10, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094794/diversity-and-carbon-storage-across-the-tropical-forest-biome
#6
Martin J P Sullivan, Joey Talbot, Simon L Lewis, Oliver L Phillips, Lan Qie, Serge K Begne, Jerôme Chave, Aida Cuni-Sanchez, Wannes Hubau, Gabriela Lopez-Gonzalez, Lera Miles, Abel Monteagudo-Mendoza, Bonaventure Sonké, Terry Sunderland, Hans Ter Steege, Lee J T White, Kofi Affum-Baffoe, Shin-Ichiro Aiba, Everton Cristo de Almeida, Edmar Almeida de Oliveira, Patricia Alvarez-Loayza, Esteban Álvarez Dávila, Ana Andrade, Luiz E O C Aragão, Peter Ashton, Gerardo A Aymard C, Timothy R Baker, Michael Balinga, Lindsay F Banin, Christopher Baraloto, Jean-Francois Bastin, Nicholas Berry, Jan Bogaert, Damien Bonal, Frans Bongers, Roel Brienen, José Luís C Camargo, Carlos Cerón, Victor Chama Moscoso, Eric Chezeaux, Connie J Clark, Álvaro Cogollo Pacheco, James A Comiskey, Fernando Cornejo Valverde, Eurídice N Honorio Coronado, Greta Dargie, Stuart J Davies, Charles De Canniere, Marie Noel Djuikouo K, Jean-Louis Doucet, Terry L Erwin, Javier Silva Espejo, Corneille E N Ewango, Sophie Fauset, Ted R Feldpausch, Rafael Herrera, Martin Gilpin, Emanuel Gloor, Jefferson S Hall, David J Harris, Terese B Hart, Kuswata Kartawinata, Lip Khoon Kho, Kanehiro Kitayama, Susan G W Laurance, William F Laurance, Miguel E Leal, Thomas Lovejoy, Jon C Lovett, Faustin Mpanya Lukasu, Jean-Remy Makana, Yadvinder Malhi, Leandro Maracahipes, Beatriz S Marimon, Ben Hur Marimon Junior, Andrew R Marshall, Paulo S Morandi, John Tshibamba Mukendi, Jaques Mukinzi, Reuben Nilus, Percy Núñez Vargas, Nadir C Pallqui Camacho, Guido Pardo, Marielos Peña-Claros, Pascal Pétronelli, Georgia C Pickavance, Axel Dalberg Poulsen, John R Poulsen, Richard B Primack, Hari Priyadi, Carlos A Quesada, Jan Reitsma, Maxime Réjou-Méchain, Zorayda Restrepo, Ervan Rutishauser, Kamariah Abu Salim, Rafael P Salomão, Ismayadi Samsoedin, Douglas Sheil, Rodrigo Sierra, Marcos Silveira, J W Ferry Slik, Lisa Steel, Hermann Taedoumg, Sylvester Tan, John W Terborgh, Sean C Thomas, Marisol Toledo, Peter M Umunay, Luis Valenzuela Gamarra, Ima Célia Guimarães Vieira, Vincent A Vos, Ophelia Wang, Simon Willcock, Lise Zemagho
Tropical forests are global centres of biodiversity and carbon storage. Many tropical countries aspire to protect forest to fulfil biodiversity and climate mitigation policy targets, but the conservation strategies needed to achieve these two functions depend critically on the tropical forest tree diversity-carbon storage relationship. Assessing this relationship is challenging due to the scarcity of inventories where carbon stocks in aboveground biomass and species identifications have been simultaneously and robustly quantified...
January 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066953/diabetic-and-idiopathic-gastroparesis-is-associated-with-loss-of-cd206-positive-macrophages-in-the-gastric-antrum
#7
M Grover, C E Bernard, P J Pasricha, H P Parkman, S J Gibbons, J Tonascia, K L Koch, R W McCallum, I Sarosiek, W L Hasler, L A B Nguyen, T L Abell, W J Snape, M L Kendrick, T A Kellogg, T J McKenzie, F A Hamilton, G Farrugia
BACKGROUND: Animal studies have increasingly highlighted the role of macrophages in the development of delayed gastric emptying. However, their role in the pathophysiology of human gastroparesis is unclear. Our aim was to determine changes in macrophages and other cell types in the gastric antrum muscularis propria of patients with diabetic and idiopathic gastroparesis. METHODS: Full thickness gastric antrum biopsies were obtained from patients enrolled in the Gastroparesis Clinical Research Consortium (11 diabetic, 6 idiopathic) and 5 controls...
January 9, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974517/evolutionary-heritage-influences-amazon-tree-ecology
#8
Fernanda Coelho de Souza, Kyle G Dexter, Oliver L Phillips, Roel J W Brienen, Jerome Chave, David R Galbraith, Gabriela Lopez Gonzalez, Abel Monteagudo Mendoza, R Toby Pennington, Lourens Poorter, Miguel Alexiades, Esteban Álvarez-Dávila, Ana Andrade, Luis E O C Aragão, Alejandro Araujo-Murakami, Eric J M M Arets, Gerardo A Aymard C, Christopher Baraloto, Jorcely G Barroso, Damien Bonal, Rene G A Boot, José L C Camargo, James A Comiskey, Fernando Cornejo Valverde, Plínio B de Camargo, Anthony Di Fiore, Fernando Elias, Terry L Erwin, Ted R Feldpausch, Leandro Ferreira, Nikolaos M Fyllas, Emanuel Gloor, Bruno Herault, Rafael Herrera, Niro Higuchi, Eurídice N Honorio Coronado, Timothy J Killeen, William F Laurance, Susan Laurance, Jon Lloyd, Thomas E Lovejoy, Yadvinder Malhi, Leandro Maracahipes, Beatriz S Marimon, Ben H Marimon-Junior, Casimiro Mendoza, Paulo Morandi, David A Neill, Percy Núñez Vargas, Edmar A Oliveira, Eddie Lenza, Walter A Palacios, Maria C Peñuela-Mora, John J Pipoly, Nigel C A Pitman, Adriana Prieto, Carlos A Quesada, Hirma Ramirez-Angulo, Agustin Rudas, Kalle Ruokolainen, Rafael P Salomão, Marcos Silveira, Juliana Stropp, Hans Ter Steege, Raquel Thomas-Caesar, Peter van der Hout, Geertje M F van der Heijden, Peter J van der Meer, Rodolfo V Vasquez, Simone A Vieira, Emilio Vilanova, Vincent A Vos, Ophelia Wang, Kenneth R Young, Roderick J Zagt, Timothy R Baker
Lineages tend to retain ecological characteristics of their ancestors through time. However, for some traits, selection during evolutionary history may have also played a role in determining trait values. To address the relative importance of these processes requires large-scale quantification of traits and evolutionary relationships among species. The Amazonian tree flora comprises a high diversity of angiosperm lineages and species with widely differing life-history characteristics, providing an excellent system to investigate the combined influences of evolutionary heritage and selection in determining trait variation...
December 14, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895238/combined-modality-intervention-for-adhd-with-comorbid-reading-disorders-a-proof-of-concept-study
#9
Rosemary Tannock, Jan C Frijters, Rhonda Martinussen, Erin Jacquelyn White, Abel Ickowicz, Nancy J Benson, Maureen W Lovett
To evaluate the relative efficacy of two reading programs with and without adjunctive stimulant medication for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and comorbid reading disorder (ADHD+RD). Sixty-five children (7-11 years in age) were assigned randomly to one of three intensive remedial academic programs (phonologically or strategy-based reading instruction, or general academic strategy and social skills training) in combination with either immediate-release methylphenidate or placebo. Multiple-blind procedures were used for medication/placebo, given twice daily...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749609/the-effect-of-maternal-milk-on-tolerance-and-growth-in-premature-infants-a-hypothesis-generating-study
#10
Jacomine E Hogewind-Schoonenboom, Lyanne W W Rövekamp-Abels, Daphne P M de Wijs-Meijler, Margaux D Maduro, Marijke C Jansen-van der Weide, Johannes B van Goudoever, Jessie M Hulst
OBJECTIVE: Early growth rates and feeding advancement rates of preterm infants are thought to influence later health. Feeding advancement is often difficult due to feeding intolerance. Exclusive human milk feeding improves tolerance, but can result in a lower weight gain rate. The addition of human milk fortifier has advantages for growth, but there are concerns that it may nullify the beneficial effect of human milk on tolerance. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the amount of fortified human milk or formula and feeding tolerance and growth in preterm infants...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739237/hyperactivity-and-male-specific-sleep-deficits-in-the-16p11-2-deletion-mouse-model-of-autism
#11
Christopher C Angelakos, Adam J Watson, W Timothy O'Brien, Kyle S Krainock, Thomas Nickl-Jockschat, Ted Abel
Sleep disturbances and hyperactivity are prevalent in several neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Evidence from genome-wide association studies indicates that chromosomal copy number variations (CNVs) are associated with increased prevalence of these neurodevelopmental disorders. In particular, CNVs in chromosomal region 16p11.2 profoundly increase the risk for ASD and ADHD, disorders that are more common in males than females...
October 14, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595711/evaluation-of-pump-discontinuation-and-associated-factors-in-the-t1d-exchange-clinic-registry
#12
Jenise C Wong, Claire Boyle, Linda A DiMeglio, Lucy D Mastrandrea, Kimber-Lee Abel, Eda Cengiz, Pinar A Cemeroglu, Grazia Aleppo, Joseph F Largay, Nicole C Foster, Roy W Beck, Saleh Adi
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to examine factors associated with insulin pump discontinuation among children and adults followed longitudinally for 1 year in the multicenter T1D Exchange clinic registry, and to provide participant-reported reasons for stopping pump therapy. METHODS: We longitudinally followed 8935 participants of all ages using an insulin pump at the time of registry enrollment. Logistic regressions were used to identify demographic and clinical factors associated with pump discontinuation...
March 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471317/population-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-lumefantrine-in-young-ugandan-children-treated-with-artemether-lumefantrine-for-uncomplicated-malaria
#13
Eskouhie Tchaparian, Nancy C Sambol, Emmanuel Arinaitwe, Shelley A McCormack, Victor Bigira, Humphrey Wanzira, Mary Muhindo, Darren J Creek, Nitin Sukumar, Daniel Blessborn, Jordan W Tappero, Abel Kakuru, Yngve Bergqvist, Francesca T Aweeka, Sunil Parikh
BACKGROUND: The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of lumefantrine, a component of the most widely used treatment for malaria, artemether-lumefantrine, has not been adequately characterized in young children. METHODS: Capillary whole-blood lumefantrine concentration and treatment outcomes were determined in 105 Ugandan children, ages 6 months to 2 years, who were treated for 249 episodes of Plasmodium falciparum malaria with artemether-lumefantrine. RESULTS: Population pharmacokinetics for lumefantrine used a 2-compartment open model with first-order absorption...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378309/gbt440-increases-haemoglobin-oxygen-affinity-reduces-sickling-and-prolongs-rbc-half-life-in-a-murine-model-of-sickle-cell-disease
#14
Donna Oksenberg, Kobina Dufu, Mira P Patel, Chihyuan Chuang, Zhe Li, Qing Xu, Abel Silva-Garcia, Chengjing Zhou, Athiwat Hutchaleelaha, Larysa Patskovska, Yury Patskovsky, Steven C Almo, Uma Sinha, Brian W Metcalf, David R Archer
A major driver of the pathophysiology of sickle cell disease (SCD) is polymerization of deoxygenated haemoglobin S (HbS), which leads to sickling and destruction of red blood cells (RBCs) and end-organ damage. Pharmacologically increasing the proportion of oxygenated HbS in RBCs may inhibit polymerization, prevent sickling and provide long term disease modification. We report that GBT440, a small molecule which binds to the N-terminal α chain of Hb, increases HbS affinity for oxygen, delays in vitro HbS polymerization and prevents sickling of RBCs...
October 2016: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27321945/trans-ethnic-meta-analysis-and-functional-annotation-illuminates-the%C3%A2-genetic-architecture-of-fasting-glucose-and-insulin
#15
Ching-Ti Liu, Sridharan Raghavan, Nisa Maruthur, Edmond Kato Kabagambe, Jaeyoung Hong, Maggie C Y Ng, Marie-France Hivert, Yingchang Lu, Ping An, Amy R Bentley, Anne M Drolet, Kyle J Gaulton, Xiuqing Guo, Loren L Armstrong, Marguerite R Irvin, Man Li, Leonard Lipovich, Denis V Rybin, Kent D Taylor, Charles Agyemang, Nicholette D Palmer, Brian E Cade, Wei-Min Chen, Marco Dauriz, Joseph A C Delaney, Todd L Edwards, Daniel S Evans, Michele K Evans, Leslie A Lange, Aaron Leong, Jingmin Liu, Yongmei Liu, Uma Nayak, Sanjay R Patel, Bianca C Porneala, Laura J Rasmussen-Torvik, Marieke B Snijder, Sarah C Stallings, Toshiko Tanaka, Lisa R Yanek, Wei Zhao, Diane M Becker, Lawrence F Bielak, Mary L Biggs, Erwin P Bottinger, Donald W Bowden, Guanjie Chen, Adolfo Correa, David J Couper, Dana C Crawford, Mary Cushman, John D Eicher, Myriam Fornage, Nora Franceschini, Yi-Ping Fu, Mark O Goodarzi, Omri Gottesman, Kazuo Hara, Tamara B Harris, Richard A Jensen, Andrew D Johnson, Min A Jhun, Andrew J Karter, Margaux F Keller, Abel N Kho, Jorge R Kizer, Ronald M Krauss, Carl D Langefeld, Xiaohui Li, Jingling Liang, Simin Liu, William L Lowe, Thomas H Mosley, Kari E North, Jennifer A Pacheco, Patricia A Peyser, Alan L Patrick, Kenneth M Rice, Elizabeth Selvin, Mario Sims, Jennifer A Smith, Salman M Tajuddin, Dhananjay Vaidya, Mary P Wren, Jie Yao, Xiaofeng Zhu, Julie T Ziegler, Joseph M Zmuda, Alan B Zonderman, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Adebowale Adeyemo, Eric Boerwinkle, Luigi Ferrucci, M Geoffrey Hayes, Sharon L R Kardia, Iva Miljkovic, James S Pankow, Charles N Rotimi, Michele M Sale, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Donna K Arnett, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Michael A Nalls, Michael A Province, W H Linda Kao, David S Siscovick, Bruce M Psaty, James G Wilson, Ruth J F Loos, Josée Dupuis, Stephen S Rich, Jose C Florez, Jerome I Rotter, Andrew P Morris, James B Meigs
Knowledge of the genetic basis of the type 2 diabetes (T2D)-related quantitative traits fasting glucose (FG) and insulin (FI) in African ancestry (AA) individuals has been limited. In non-diabetic subjects of AA (n = 20,209) and European ancestry (EA; n = 57,292), we performed trans-ethnic (AA+EA) fine-mapping of 54 established EA FG or FI loci with detailed functional annotation, assessed their relevance in AA individuals, and sought previously undescribed loci through trans-ethnic (AA+EA) meta-analysis. We narrowed credible sets of variants driving association signals for 22/54 EA-associated loci; 18/22 credible sets overlapped with active islet-specific enhancers or transcription factor (TF) binding sites, and 21/22 contained at least one TF motif...
July 7, 2016: American Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27279215/cold-clumpy-accretion-onto-an-active-supermassive-black-hole
#16
Grant R Tremblay, J B Raymond Oonk, Françoise Combes, Philippe Salomé, Christopher P O'Dea, Stefi A Baum, G Mark Voit, Megan Donahue, Brian R McNamara, Timothy A Davis, Michael A McDonald, Alastair C Edge, Tracy E Clarke, Roberto Galván-Madrid, Malcolm N Bremer, Louise O V Edwards, Andrew C Fabian, Stephen Hamer, Yuan Li, Anaëlle Maury, Helen R Russell, Alice C Quillen, C Megan Urry, Jeremy S Sanders, Michael W Wise
Supermassive black holes in galaxy centres can grow by the accretion of gas, liberating energy that might regulate star formation on galaxy-wide scales. The nature of the gaseous fuel reservoirs that power black hole growth is nevertheless largely unconstrained by observations, and is instead routinely simplified as a smooth, spherical inflow of very hot gas. Recent theory and simulations instead predict that accretion can be dominated by a stochastic, clumpy distribution of very cold molecular clouds--a departure from the 'hot mode' accretion model--although unambiguous observational support for this prediction remains elusive...
June 9, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27269712/differential-modulation-of-the-lipid-metabolism-as-a-model-for-cellular-resistance-to-fumonisin-b1-induced-cytotoxic-effects-in-vitro
#17
S Riedel, S Abel, H-M Burger, L van der Westhuizen, S Swanevelder, W C A Gelderblom
Differential sensitivity of primary hepatocytes and Chang cells to the cancer promoter fumonisin B1 (FB1)-induced cytotoxic effects were investigated in relation to changes in membrane lipid distribution. In contrast to primary hepatocytes, Chang cells were resistant to FB1-induced cytotoxic effects. This was associated with a high cholesterol (Chol) and sphingomyelin (SM) and low phosphatidylcholine (PC) content, resulting in a significant (P<0.05) decrease in phosphatidylethanolamine (PE)/PC ratio, increased Chol/total phosphoglyceride (TPG) ratios and low total polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) content in PC and PE, suggesting a more rigid membrane structure...
June 2016: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27264037/potentially-avoidable-hospital-admissions-in-older-patients-with-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-in-the-usa-a-retrospective-analysis
#18
Areej El-Jawahri, Tanya Keenan, Gregory A Abel, David P Steensma, Thomas W LeBlanc, Yi-Bin Chen, Gabriela Hobbs, Lara Traeger, Amir T Fathi, Daniel J DeAngelo, Martha Wadleigh, Karen K Ballen, Philip C Amrein, Richard M Stone, Jennifer S Temel
BACKGROUND: Older adults (≥60 years of age) with acute myeloid leukaemia spend a substantial proportion of their life in hospital after diagnosis. We examined reasons for their hospital admissions and identified potentially avoidable hospital admissions (PAH) in this age group in the USA. METHODS: In this retrospective analysis, we examined the reasons for hospital admissions in older patients diagnosed with and treated for acute myeloid leukaemia at two tertiary care hospitals in the USA...
June 2016: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257144/a-bio-inspired-real-time-capable-artificial-lateral-line-system-for-freestream-flow-measurements
#19
C Abels, A Qualtieri, M De Vittorio, W M Megill, F Rizzi
To enhance today's artificial flow sensing capabilities in aerial and underwater robotics, future robots could be equipped with a large number of miniaturized sensors distributed over the surface to provide high resolution measurement of the surrounding fluid flow. In this work we show a linear array of closely separated bio-inspired micro-electro-mechanical flow sensors whose sensing mechanism is based on a piezoresistive strain-gauge along a stress-driven cantilever beam, mimicking the biological superficial neuromasts found in the lateral line organ of fishes...
June 3, 2016: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27117251/sleep-deprivation-impairs-memory-by-attenuating-mtorc1-dependent-protein-synthesis
#20
Jennifer C Tudor, Emily J Davis, Lucia Peixoto, Mathieu E Wimmer, Erik van Tilborg, Alan J Park, Shane G Poplawski, Caroline W Chung, Robbert Havekes, Jiayan Huang, Evelina Gatti, Philippe Pierre, Ted Abel
Sleep deprivation is a public health epidemic that causes wide-ranging deleterious consequences, including impaired memory and cognition. Protein synthesis in hippocampal neurons promotes memory and cognition. The kinase complex mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) stimulates protein synthesis by phosphorylating and inhibiting the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 2 (4EBP2). We investigated the involvement of the mTORC1-4EBP2 axis in the molecular mechanisms mediating the cognitive deficits caused by sleep deprivation in mice...
April 26, 2016: Science Signaling
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