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C W Abell

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538523/the-effect-of-maternal-milk-on-tolerance-and-growth-in-premature-infants-a-hypothesis-generating-study
#1
Jacomine E Hogewind-Schoonenboom, Lyanne W W Rövekamp-Abels, Daphne P M de Wijs-Meijler, Margaux D Maduro, Marijke C Jansen-van der Weide, Johannes B van Goudoever, Jessie M Hulst
OBJECTIVE: Early growth rates and feeding advancement rates of preterm infants are thought to influence later health. Feeding advancement is often difficult because of feeding intolerance. Exclusive human milk feeding improves tolerance, but can result in a lower weight gain rate. The addition of human milk fortifier has advantages for growth, but there are concerns that it may nullify the beneficial effect of human milk on tolerance. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the relation between the amount of fortified human milk or formula and feeding tolerance and growth in preterm infants...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479280/pelagic-and-benthic-communities-of-the-antarctic-ecosystem-of-potter-cove-genomics-and-ecological-implications
#2
REVIEW
D Abele, S Vazquez, A G J Buma, E Hernandez, C Quiroga, C Held, S Frickenhaus, L Harms, J L Lopez, E Helmke, W P Mac Cormack
Molecular technologies are more frequently applied in Antarctic ecosystem research and the growing amount of sequence-based information available in databases adds a new dimension to understanding the response of Antarctic organisms and communities to environmental change. We apply molecular techniques, including fingerprinting, and amplicon and metagenome sequencing, to understand biodiversity and phylogeography to resolve adaptive processes in an Antarctic coastal ecosystem from microbial to macrobenthic organisms and communities...
May 4, 2017: Marine Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474788/in-vivo-targeting-of-protein-antigens-to-dendritic-cells-using-anti-dec-205-single-chain-antibody-improves-hiv-gag-specific-cd4-t-cell-responses-protecting-from-airway-challenge-with-recombinant-vaccinia-gag-virus
#3
Loveline N Ngu, Nadesh N Nji, Georgia E Ambada, Bertrand Sagnia, Carol Ngane Sake, Jules Colinc Tchadji, Ghislain Donald Njambe Priso, Abel Lissom, Thibau Flaurant Tchouangueu, Denis Manga Tebit, Alain Bopda Waffo, Chae Gyu Park, Ralph M Steinman, Klaus Überla, Godwin W Nchinda
INTRODUCTION: Targeting antigens to dendritic cells (DCs) in vivo via a DC-restricted endocytic receptor, DEC205, has been validated to enhance immunity in several vaccine platforms. Particularly atttractive is selected delivery of proteins to DCs in vivo because it enables proteins to be more immunogenic and provides a cheaper and effective way for repeated immunizations. METHODS: In this study, we tested the efficacy of a single chain antibody to DEC205 (scDEC) to deliver protein antigens selectively to DCs in vivo and to induce protective immunity...
March 13, 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462931/neurons-and-neuronal-activity-control-gene-expression-in-astrocytes-to-regulate-their-development-and-metabolism
#4
Philip Hasel, Owen Dando, Zoeb Jiwaji, Paul Baxter, Alison C Todd, Samuel Heron, Nóra M Márkus, Jamie McQueen, David W Hampton, Megan Torvell, Sachin S Tiwari, Sean McKay, Abel Eraso-Pichot, Antonio Zorzano, Roser Masgrau, Elena Galea, Siddharthan Chandran, David J A Wyllie, T Ian Simpson, Giles E Hardingham
The influence that neurons exert on astrocytic function is poorly understood. To investigate this, we first developed a system combining cortical neurons and astrocytes from closely related species, followed by RNA-seq and in silico species separation. This approach uncovers a wide programme of neuron-induced astrocytic gene expression, involving Notch signalling, which drives and maintains astrocytic maturity and neurotransmitter uptake function, is conserved in human development, and is disrupted by neurodegeneration...
May 2, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462363/data-on-the-fungal-species-consumed-by-mammal-species-in-australia
#5
S J Nuske, K Vernes, T W May, A W Claridge, B C Congdon, A Krockenberger, S E Abell
The data reported here support the manuscript Nuske et al. (2017) [1]. Searches were made for quantitative data on the occurrence of fungi within dietary studies of Australian mammal species. The original location reported in each study was used as the lowest grouping variable within the dataset. To standardise the data and compare dispersal events from populations of different mammal species that might overlap, data from locations were further pooled and averaged across sites if they occurred within 100 km of a random central point...
June 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288017/task-induced-changes-in-idiopathic-infantile-nystagmus-vary-with-gaze
#6
Marzieh Salehi Fadardi, Arne C Bathke, Solomon W Harrar, Larry Allen Abel
PURPOSE: Investigations of infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS) at center or at the null position have reported that INS worsens when visual demand is combined with internal states, e.g. stress. Visual function and INS parameters such as foveation time, frequency, amplitude, and intensity can also be influenced by gaze position. We hypothesized that increases from baseline in visual demand and mental load would affect INS parameters at the null position differently than at other gaze positions...
May 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237335/evaluation-of-the-14-d-cidr-pg-and-9-d-cidr-pg-protocols-for-synchronization-of-estrus-in-bos-indicus-influenced-and-bos-taurus-beef-heifers
#7
J M Thomas, J W C Locke, B E Bishop, J M Abel, M R Ellersieck, J V Yelich, S E Poock, M F Smith, D J Patterson
Two long-term, CIDR-based estrus synchronization protocols were evaluated among Bos indicus-influenced and Bos taurus beef heifers. Treatments were evaluated on the basis of estrous response and pregnancy rate resulting from fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI), and these outcomes were analyzed retrospectively relative to reproductive tract score (RTS; Scale 1-5) at treatment initiation. Estrus was synchronized for 1139 heifers in three locations, and heifers were assigned to one of two treatments within each location based on RTS...
April 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222112/genome-wide-study-of-resistant-hypertension-identified-from-electronic-health-records
#8
Logan Dumitrescu, Marylyn D Ritchie, Joshua C Denny, Nihal M El Rouby, Caitrin W McDonough, Yuki Bradford, Andrea H Ramirez, Suzette J Bielinski, Melissa A Basford, High Seng Chai, Peggy Peissig, David Carrell, Jyotishman Pathak, Luke V Rasmussen, Xiaoming Wang, Jennifer A Pacheco, Abel N Kho, M Geoffrey Hayes, Martha Matsumoto, Maureen E Smith, Rongling Li, Rhonda M Cooper-DeHoff, Iftikhar J Kullo, Christopher G Chute, Rex L Chisholm, Gail P Jarvik, Eric B Larson, David Carey, Catherine A McCarty, Marc S Williams, Dan M Roden, Erwin Bottinger, Julie A Johnson, Mariza de Andrade, Dana C Crawford
Resistant hypertension is defined as high blood pressure that remains above treatment goals in spite of the concurrent use of three antihypertensive agents from different classes. Despite the important health consequences of resistant hypertension, few studies of resistant hypertension have been conducted. To perform a genome-wide association study for resistant hypertension, we defined and identified cases of resistant hypertension and hypertensives with treated, controlled hypertension among >47,500 adults residing in the US linked to electronic health records (EHRs) and genotyped as part of the electronic MEdical Records & GEnomics (eMERGE) Network...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214038/maximising-synergy-among-tropical-plant-systematists-ecologists-and-evolutionary-biologists
#9
REVIEW
Timothy R Baker, R Toby Pennington, Kyle G Dexter, Paul V A Fine, Helen Fortune-Hopkins, Euridice N Honorio, Isau Huamantupa-Chuquimaco, Bente B Klitgård, Gwilym P Lewis, Haroldo C de Lima, Peter Ashton, Christopher Baraloto, Stuart Davies, Michael J Donoghue, Maria Kaye, W John Kress, Caroline E R Lehmann, Abel Monteagudo, Oliver L Phillips, Rodolfo Vasquez
Closer collaboration among ecologists, systematists, and evolutionary biologists working in tropical forests, centred on studies within long-term permanent plots, would be highly beneficial for their respective fields. With a key unifying theme of the importance of vouchered collection and precise identification of species, especially rare ones, we identify four priority areas where improving links between these communities could achieve significant progress in biodiversity and conservation science: (i) increasing the pace of species discovery; (ii) documenting species turnover across space and time; (iii) improving models of ecosystem change; and (iv) understanding the evolutionary assembly of communities and biomes...
April 2017: Trends in Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187516/collaborating-to-compete-blood-profiling-atlas-in-cancer-bloodpac-consortium
#10
REVIEW
R L Grossman, B Abel, S Angiuoli, J C Barrett, D Bassett, K Bramlett, G M Blumenthal, A Carlsson, R Cortese, J DiGiovanna, B Davis-Dusenbery, R Dittamore, D A Eberhard, P Febbo, M Fitzsimons, Z Flamig, J Godsey, J Goswami, A Gruen, F Ortuño, J Han, D Hayes, J Hicks, D Holloway, D Hovelson, J Johnson, H Juhl, R Kalamegham, R Kamal, Q Kang, G J Kelloff, M Klozenbuecher, A Kolatkar, P Kuhn, K Langone, R Leary, P Loverso, H Manmathan, A-M Martin, J Martini, D Miller, M Mitchell, T Morgan, R Mulpuri, T Nguyen, G Otto, A Pathak, E Peters, R Philip, E Posadas, D Reese, M G Reese, D Robinson, A Dei Rossi, H Sakul, J Schageman, S Singh, H I Scher, K Schmitt, A Silvestro, J Simmons, T Simmons, J Sislow, A Talasaz, P Tang, M Tewari, S Tomlins, H Toukhy, H R Tseng, M Tuck, A Tzou, J Vinson, Y Wang, W Wells, A Welsh, J Wilbanks, J Wolf, L Young, Jsh Lee, L C Leiman
The cancer community understands the value of blood profiling measurements in assessing and monitoring cancer. We describe an effort among academic, government, biotechnology, diagnostic, and pharmaceutical companies called the Blood Profiling Atlas in Cancer (BloodPAC) Project. BloodPAC will aggregate, make freely available, and harmonize for further analyses, raw datasets, relevant associated clinical data (e.g., clinical diagnosis, treatment history, and outcomes), and sample preparation and handling protocols to accelerate the development of blood profiling assays...
May 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094794/diversity-and-carbon-storage-across-the-tropical-forest-biome
#11
Martin J P Sullivan, Joey Talbot, Simon L Lewis, Oliver L Phillips, Lan Qie, Serge K Begne, Jerôme Chave, Aida Cuni-Sanchez, Wannes Hubau, Gabriela Lopez-Gonzalez, Lera Miles, Abel Monteagudo-Mendoza, Bonaventure Sonké, Terry Sunderland, Hans Ter Steege, Lee J T White, Kofi Affum-Baffoe, Shin-Ichiro Aiba, Everton Cristo de Almeida, Edmar Almeida de Oliveira, Patricia Alvarez-Loayza, Esteban Álvarez Dávila, Ana Andrade, Luiz E O C Aragão, Peter Ashton, Gerardo A Aymard C, Timothy R Baker, Michael Balinga, Lindsay F Banin, Christopher Baraloto, Jean-Francois Bastin, Nicholas Berry, Jan Bogaert, Damien Bonal, Frans Bongers, Roel Brienen, José Luís C Camargo, Carlos Cerón, Victor Chama Moscoso, Eric Chezeaux, Connie J Clark, Álvaro Cogollo Pacheco, James A Comiskey, Fernando Cornejo Valverde, Eurídice N Honorio Coronado, Greta Dargie, Stuart J Davies, Charles De Canniere, Marie Noel Djuikouo K, Jean-Louis Doucet, Terry L Erwin, Javier Silva Espejo, Corneille E N Ewango, Sophie Fauset, Ted R Feldpausch, Rafael Herrera, Martin Gilpin, Emanuel Gloor, Jefferson S Hall, David J Harris, Terese B Hart, Kuswata Kartawinata, Lip Khoon Kho, Kanehiro Kitayama, Susan G W Laurance, William F Laurance, Miguel E Leal, Thomas Lovejoy, Jon C Lovett, Faustin Mpanya Lukasu, Jean-Remy Makana, Yadvinder Malhi, Leandro Maracahipes, Beatriz S Marimon, Ben Hur Marimon Junior, Andrew R Marshall, Paulo S Morandi, John Tshibamba Mukendi, Jaques Mukinzi, Reuben Nilus, Percy Núñez Vargas, Nadir C Pallqui Camacho, Guido Pardo, Marielos Peña-Claros, Pascal Pétronelli, Georgia C Pickavance, Axel Dalberg Poulsen, John R Poulsen, Richard B Primack, Hari Priyadi, Carlos A Quesada, Jan Reitsma, Maxime Réjou-Méchain, Zorayda Restrepo, Ervan Rutishauser, Kamariah Abu Salim, Rafael P Salomão, Ismayadi Samsoedin, Douglas Sheil, Rodrigo Sierra, Marcos Silveira, J W Ferry Slik, Lisa Steel, Hermann Taedoumg, Sylvester Tan, John W Terborgh, Sean C Thomas, Marisol Toledo, Peter M Umunay, Luis Valenzuela Gamarra, Ima Célia Guimarães Vieira, Vincent A Vos, Ophelia Wang, Simon Willcock, Lise Zemagho
Tropical forests are global centres of biodiversity and carbon storage. Many tropical countries aspire to protect forest to fulfil biodiversity and climate mitigation policy targets, but the conservation strategies needed to achieve these two functions depend critically on the tropical forest tree diversity-carbon storage relationship. Assessing this relationship is challenging due to the scarcity of inventories where carbon stocks in aboveground biomass and species identifications have been simultaneously and robustly quantified...
January 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066953/diabetic-and-idiopathic-gastroparesis-is-associated-with-loss-of-cd206-positive-macrophages-in-the-gastric-antrum
#12
M Grover, C E Bernard, P J Pasricha, H P Parkman, S J Gibbons, J Tonascia, K L Koch, R W McCallum, I Sarosiek, W L Hasler, L A B Nguyen, T L Abell, W J Snape, M L Kendrick, T A Kellogg, T J McKenzie, F A Hamilton, G Farrugia
BACKGROUND: Animal studies have increasingly highlighted the role of macrophages in the development of delayed gastric emptying. However, their role in the pathophysiology of human gastroparesis is unclear. Our aim was to determine changes in macrophages and other cell types in the gastric antrum muscularis propria of patients with diabetic and idiopathic gastroparesis. METHODS: Full thickness gastric antrum biopsies were obtained from patients enrolled in the Gastroparesis Clinical Research Consortium (11 diabetic, 6 idiopathic) and 5 controls...
June 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974517/evolutionary-heritage-influences-amazon-tree-ecology
#13
Fernanda Coelho de Souza, Kyle G Dexter, Oliver L Phillips, Roel J W Brienen, Jerome Chave, David R Galbraith, Gabriela Lopez Gonzalez, Abel Monteagudo Mendoza, R Toby Pennington, Lourens Poorter, Miguel Alexiades, Esteban Álvarez-Dávila, Ana Andrade, Luis E O C Aragão, Alejandro Araujo-Murakami, Eric J M M Arets, Gerardo A Aymard C, Christopher Baraloto, Jorcely G Barroso, Damien Bonal, Rene G A Boot, José L C Camargo, James A Comiskey, Fernando Cornejo Valverde, Plínio B de Camargo, Anthony Di Fiore, Fernando Elias, Terry L Erwin, Ted R Feldpausch, Leandro Ferreira, Nikolaos M Fyllas, Emanuel Gloor, Bruno Herault, Rafael Herrera, Niro Higuchi, Eurídice N Honorio Coronado, Timothy J Killeen, William F Laurance, Susan Laurance, Jon Lloyd, Thomas E Lovejoy, Yadvinder Malhi, Leandro Maracahipes, Beatriz S Marimon, Ben H Marimon-Junior, Casimiro Mendoza, Paulo Morandi, David A Neill, Percy Núñez Vargas, Edmar A Oliveira, Eddie Lenza, Walter A Palacios, Maria C Peñuela-Mora, John J Pipoly, Nigel C A Pitman, Adriana Prieto, Carlos A Quesada, Hirma Ramirez-Angulo, Agustin Rudas, Kalle Ruokolainen, Rafael P Salomão, Marcos Silveira, Juliana Stropp, Hans Ter Steege, Raquel Thomas-Caesar, Peter van der Hout, Geertje M F van der Heijden, Peter J van der Meer, Rodolfo V Vasquez, Simone A Vieira, Emilio Vilanova, Vincent A Vos, Ophelia Wang, Kenneth R Young, Roderick J Zagt, Timothy R Baker
Lineages tend to retain ecological characteristics of their ancestors through time. However, for some traits, selection during evolutionary history may have also played a role in determining trait values. To address the relative importance of these processes requires large-scale quantification of traits and evolutionary relationships among species. The Amazonian tree flora comprises a high diversity of angiosperm lineages and species with widely differing life-history characteristics, providing an excellent system to investigate the combined influences of evolutionary heritage and selection in determining trait variation...
December 14, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895238/combined-modality-intervention-for-adhd-with-comorbid-reading-disorders-a-proof-of-concept-study
#14
Rosemary Tannock, Jan C Frijters, Rhonda Martinussen, Erin Jacquelyn White, Abel Ickowicz, Nancy J Benson, Maureen W Lovett
To evaluate the relative efficacy of two reading programs with and without adjunctive stimulant medication for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and comorbid reading disorder (ADHD+RD). Sixty-five children (7-11 years in age) were assigned randomly to one of three intensive remedial academic programs (phonologically or strategy-based reading instruction, or general academic strategy and social skills training) in combination with either immediate-release methylphenidate or placebo. Multiple-blind procedures were used for medication/placebo, given twice daily...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749609/the-effect-of-maternal-milk-on-tolerance-and-growth-in-premature-infants-a-hypothesis-generating-study
#15
Jacomine E Hogewind-Schoonenboom, Lyanne W W Rövekamp-Abels, Daphne P M de Wijs-Meijler, Margaux D Maduro, Marijke C Jansen-van der Weide, Johannes B van Goudoever, Jessie M Hulst
OBJECTIVE: Early growth rates and feeding advancement rates of preterm infants are thought to influence later health. Feeding advancement is often difficult due to feeding intolerance. Exclusive human milk feeding improves tolerance, but can result in a lower weight gain rate. The addition of human milk fortifier has advantages for growth, but there are concerns that it may nullify the beneficial effect of human milk on tolerance. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the amount of fortified human milk or formula and feeding tolerance and growth in preterm infants...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739237/hyperactivity-and-male-specific-sleep-deficits-in-the-16p11-2-deletion-mouse-model-of-autism
#16
Christopher C Angelakos, Adam J Watson, W Timothy O'Brien, Kyle S Krainock, Thomas Nickl-Jockschat, Ted Abel
Sleep disturbances and hyperactivity are prevalent in several neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Evidence from genome-wide association studies indicates that chromosomal copy number variations (CNVs) are associated with increased prevalence of these neurodevelopmental disorders. In particular, CNVs in chromosomal region 16p11.2 profoundly increase the risk for ASD and ADHD, disorders that are more common in males than females...
October 14, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595711/evaluation-of-pump-discontinuation-and-associated-factors-in-the-t1d-exchange-clinic-registry
#17
Jenise C Wong, Claire Boyle, Linda A DiMeglio, Lucy D Mastrandrea, Kimber-Lee Abel, Eda Cengiz, Pinar A Cemeroglu, Grazia Aleppo, Joseph F Largay, Nicole C Foster, Roy W Beck, Saleh Adi
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to examine factors associated with insulin pump discontinuation among children and adults followed longitudinally for 1 year in the multicenter T1D Exchange clinic registry, and to provide participant-reported reasons for stopping pump therapy. METHODS: We longitudinally followed 8935 participants of all ages using an insulin pump at the time of registry enrollment. Logistic regressions were used to identify demographic and clinical factors associated with pump discontinuation...
March 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471317/population-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-lumefantrine-in-young-ugandan-children-treated-with-artemether-lumefantrine-for-uncomplicated-malaria
#18
Eskouhie Tchaparian, Nancy C Sambol, Emmanuel Arinaitwe, Shelley A McCormack, Victor Bigira, Humphrey Wanzira, Mary Muhindo, Darren J Creek, Nitin Sukumar, Daniel Blessborn, Jordan W Tappero, Abel Kakuru, Yngve Bergqvist, Francesca T Aweeka, Sunil Parikh
BACKGROUND: The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of lumefantrine, a component of the most widely used treatment for malaria, artemether-lumefantrine, has not been adequately characterized in young children. METHODS: Capillary whole-blood lumefantrine concentration and treatment outcomes were determined in 105 Ugandan children, ages 6 months to 2 years, who were treated for 249 episodes of Plasmodium falciparum malaria with artemether-lumefantrine. RESULTS: Population pharmacokinetics for lumefantrine used a 2-compartment open model with first-order absorption...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378309/gbt440-increases-haemoglobin-oxygen-affinity-reduces-sickling-and-prolongs-rbc-half-life-in-a-murine-model-of-sickle-cell-disease
#19
Donna Oksenberg, Kobina Dufu, Mira P Patel, Chihyuan Chuang, Zhe Li, Qing Xu, Abel Silva-Garcia, Chengjing Zhou, Athiwat Hutchaleelaha, Larysa Patskovska, Yury Patskovsky, Steven C Almo, Uma Sinha, Brian W Metcalf, David R Archer
A major driver of the pathophysiology of sickle cell disease (SCD) is polymerization of deoxygenated haemoglobin S (HbS), which leads to sickling and destruction of red blood cells (RBCs) and end-organ damage. Pharmacologically increasing the proportion of oxygenated HbS in RBCs may inhibit polymerization, prevent sickling and provide long term disease modification. We report that GBT440, a small molecule which binds to the N-terminal α chain of Hb, increases HbS affinity for oxygen, delays in vitro HbS polymerization and prevents sickling of RBCs...
October 2016: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27321945/trans-ethnic-meta-analysis-and-functional-annotation-illuminates-the%C3%A2-genetic-architecture-of-fasting-glucose-and-insulin
#20
Ching-Ti Liu, Sridharan Raghavan, Nisa Maruthur, Edmond Kato Kabagambe, Jaeyoung Hong, Maggie C Y Ng, Marie-France Hivert, Yingchang Lu, Ping An, Amy R Bentley, Anne M Drolet, Kyle J Gaulton, Xiuqing Guo, Loren L Armstrong, Marguerite R Irvin, Man Li, Leonard Lipovich, Denis V Rybin, Kent D Taylor, Charles Agyemang, Nicholette D Palmer, Brian E Cade, Wei-Min Chen, Marco Dauriz, Joseph A C Delaney, Todd L Edwards, Daniel S Evans, Michele K Evans, Leslie A Lange, Aaron Leong, Jingmin Liu, Yongmei Liu, Uma Nayak, Sanjay R Patel, Bianca C Porneala, Laura J Rasmussen-Torvik, Marieke B Snijder, Sarah C Stallings, Toshiko Tanaka, Lisa R Yanek, Wei Zhao, Diane M Becker, Lawrence F Bielak, Mary L Biggs, Erwin P Bottinger, Donald W Bowden, Guanjie Chen, Adolfo Correa, David J Couper, Dana C Crawford, Mary Cushman, John D Eicher, Myriam Fornage, Nora Franceschini, Yi-Ping Fu, Mark O Goodarzi, Omri Gottesman, Kazuo Hara, Tamara B Harris, Richard A Jensen, Andrew D Johnson, Min A Jhun, Andrew J Karter, Margaux F Keller, Abel N Kho, Jorge R Kizer, Ronald M Krauss, Carl D Langefeld, Xiaohui Li, Jingling Liang, Simin Liu, William L Lowe, Thomas H Mosley, Kari E North, Jennifer A Pacheco, Patricia A Peyser, Alan L Patrick, Kenneth M Rice, Elizabeth Selvin, Mario Sims, Jennifer A Smith, Salman M Tajuddin, Dhananjay Vaidya, Mary P Wren, Jie Yao, Xiaofeng Zhu, Julie T Ziegler, Joseph M Zmuda, Alan B Zonderman, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Adebowale Adeyemo, Eric Boerwinkle, Luigi Ferrucci, M Geoffrey Hayes, Sharon L R Kardia, Iva Miljkovic, James S Pankow, Charles N Rotimi, Michele M Sale, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Donna K Arnett, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Michael A Nalls, Michael A Province, W H Linda Kao, David S Siscovick, Bruce M Psaty, James G Wilson, Ruth J F Loos, Josée Dupuis, Stephen S Rich, Jose C Florez, Jerome I Rotter, Andrew P Morris, James B Meigs
Knowledge of the genetic basis of the type 2 diabetes (T2D)-related quantitative traits fasting glucose (FG) and insulin (FI) in African ancestry (AA) individuals has been limited. In non-diabetic subjects of AA (n = 20,209) and European ancestry (EA; n = 57,292), we performed trans-ethnic (AA+EA) fine-mapping of 54 established EA FG or FI loci with detailed functional annotation, assessed their relevance in AA individuals, and sought previously undescribed loci through trans-ethnic (AA+EA) meta-analysis. We narrowed credible sets of variants driving association signals for 22/54 EA-associated loci; 18/22 credible sets overlapped with active islet-specific enhancers or transcription factor (TF) binding sites, and 21/22 contained at least one TF motif...
July 7, 2016: American Journal of Human Genetics
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