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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921037/acute-kidney-injury-in-western-countries
#1
REVIEW
Josée Bouchard, Ravindra L Mehta
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequent and is associated with poor outcomes, including increased mortality, higher risk of chronic kidney disease, and prolonged hospital lengths of stay. The epidemiology of AKI mainly derives from studies performed in Western high-income countries. More limited data are available from Western low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) located in Central and South America. SUMMARY: In this review, we summarize the most recent data on the epidemiology of AKI in Western countries, aiming to contrast results from industrialized high-income countries with LMICs...
October 2016: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921036/acute-kidney-injury-in-asia
#2
REVIEW
Li Yang
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common disorder and is associated with a high morbidity and mortality worldwide. The diversity of the climate and of the socioeconomic and developmental status in Asia has a great influence on the etiology and presentation of AKI in different regions. In view of the International Society of Nephrology's 0by25 initiative, more and more attention has been paid to AKI in Asian countries. SUMMARY: In this review, we summarize the recent achievements with regard to the prevalence and clinical patterns of AKI in Asian countries...
October 2016: Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908905/mortality-hospitalization-and-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-hepatitis-c-infection-on-hemodialysis
#3
David A Goodkin, Brian Bieber, Michel Jadoul, Paul Martin, Eiichiro Kanda, Ronald L Pisoni
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is widely prevalent among patients on hemodialysis (HD), but very rarely treated. The aim of our study is to evaluate the burdens of HCV suffered by patients on HD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study is an international, prospective, cohort study of patients on HD. We reviewed the HCV status of 76,689 adults enrolled between 1996 and 2015. We compared HCV-positive (HCV+) with HCV-negative (HCV-) patients for risk of mortality, hospitalization, decline in hemoglobin concentration <8...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899108/geographic-variation-of-parathyroidectomy-in-patients-receiving-hemodialysis-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#4
James B Wetmore, Jiannong Liu, Paul J Dluzniewski, Areef Ishani, Geoffrey A Block, Allan J Collins
BACKGROUND: Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) is associated with adverse outcomes in patients receiving maintenance dialysis. Parathyroidectomy is a treatment for SHPT; whether parathyroidectomy utilization varies geographically in the US is unknown. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis was undertaken to identify all patients aged 18 years or older who were receiving in-center hemodialysis between 2007 and 2009, were covered by Medicare Parts A and B, and had been receiving hemodialysis for at least 1 year...
November 29, 2016: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821636/potentially-preventable-hospitalization-among-patients-with-ckd-and-high-inpatient-use
#5
Paul E Ronksley, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, Braden J Manns, James Wick, Matthew T James, Pietro Ravani, Robert R Quinn, Nairne Scott-Douglas, Richard Lewanczuk, Marcello Tonelli
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although patients with CKD are commonly hospitalized, little is known about those with frequent hospitalization and/or longer lengths of stay (high inpatient use). The objective of this study was to explore clinical characteristics, patterns of hospital use, and potentially preventable acute care encounters among patients with CKD with at least one hospitalization. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We identified all adults with nondialysis CKD (eGFR<60 ml/min per 1...
November 7, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809803/a-prospective-study-of-treatment-of-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-infections-and-risk-factors-associated-with-outcome
#6
Claudia M D de Maio Carrilho, Larissa Marques de Oliveira, Juliana Gaudereto, Jamile S Perozin, Mariana Ragassi Urbano, Carlos H Camargo, Cintia M C Grion, Anna Sara S Levin, Silvia F Costa
BACKGROUND: To describe the clinical and microbiological data of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) infections, the treatment used, hospital- and infection-related mortality, and risk factors for death. METHODS: A prospective cohort conducted from March 2011 to December 2012. Clinical, demographic, and microbiological data such as in vitro sensitivity, clonality, carbapenemase gene mortality related to infection, and overall mortality were evaluated. Data were analyzed using Epi Info version 7...
November 3, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791450/cutting-balloons-covered-stents-and-paclitaxel-coated-balloons-for-the-treatment-of-dysfunctional-dialysis-access
#7
Panagiotis Kitrou, Stavros Spiliopoulos, Dimitris Karnabatidis, Konstantinos Katsanos
Percutaneous transcatheter balloon angioplasty has evolved to the current mainstay treatment for salvage of dysfunctional dialysis access. Nonetheless, it is frequently associated with recurrent vessel restenosis and the need for multiple repeat treatments in order to maintain hemodynamic patency. Cutting-balloons, covered stents or stent-grafts, and paclitaxel-coated balloons have been extensively tested and investigated with the aim to improve immediate anatomical and long-term clinical results. Areas covered: In the present overview, we discuss the background and appraise relevant medical literature on the aforementioned technologies and provide a more in-depth synthesis of the results of different clinical studies for each device category...
November 15, 2016: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774730/hyperprolactinemia-in-end-stage-renal-disease-and-effects-of-frequent-hemodialysis
#8
Joan C Lo, Gerald J Beck, George A Kaysen, Christopher T Chan, Alan S Kliger, Michael V Rocco, Glenn M Chertow
Introduction End-stage renal disease is associated with elevations in circulating prolactin concentrations, but the association of prolactin concentrations with intermediate health outcomes and the effects of hemodialysis frequency on changes in serum prolactin have not been examined. Methods The FHN Daily and Nocturnal Dialysis Trials compared the effects of conventional thrice weekly hemodialysis with in-center daily hemodialysis (6 days/week) and nocturnal home hemodialysis (6 nights/week) over 12 months and obtained measures of health-related quality of life, self-reported physical function, mental health and cognition...
October 23, 2016: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772642/intensive-hemodialysis-and-treatment-complications-and%C3%A2-tolerability
#9
Jose A Morfin, Richard J Fluck, Eric D Weinhandl, Sheru Kansal, Peter A McCullough, Paul Komenda
Hemodialysis (HD) treatment can be difficult to tolerate. Common complications are intradialytic hypotension (IDH) and long time to recovery after an HD session. IDH, as defined by nadir systolic blood pressure < 90mmHg and intradialytic decline > 30mmHg, occurs in almost 8% of HD sessions. IDH may be caused by aggressive ultrafiltration in response to interdialytic weight gain, can lead to myocardial stunning and cardiac arrhythmias, and is associated with increased risk for death. Long recovery time after a treatment session is also common...
November 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772639/intensive-hemodialysis-blood-pressure-and-antihypertensive-medication-use
#10
George L Bakris, John M Burkart, Eric D Weinhandl, Peter A McCullough, Michael A Kraus
Hypertension is a cardinal feature of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Hypertensive nephropathy is the primary cause of ESRD for nearly 30% of patients, and the prevalence of hypertension is >85% in new patients with ESRD. In contemporary hemodialysis (HD) patients, mean predialysis systolic blood pressure (SBP) is nearly 150mmHg, and about 70%, 50%, and 40% use β-blockers, calcium channel blockers, and renin-angiotensin system inhibitors, respectively. Predialysis SBP generally exhibits a U-shaped association with mortality risk...
November 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766679/hemodialysis-time-and-kt-v-less-may-be-better
#11
James Tattersall
Current guidelines focus on conventional dialysis defined as 3-5 hours, three times per week, and suggest that longer or more frequent dialysis be considered. This paper presents the case for considering that shorter or less frequent dialysis should also be considered. More frequent and/or longer dialysis facilitates control of fluid overload, blood pressure, and phosphate levels. These benefits will require time to translate into probable hard outcome improvement. Patients are unlikely to participate in productive or pleasurable activities while undergoing dialysis in center or traveling to treatment...
October 20, 2016: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764143/outcomes-in-critically-ill-patients-with-cancer-related-complications
#12
Viviane B L Torres, Juliana Vassalo, Ulysses V A Silva, Pedro Caruso, André P Torelly, Eliezer Silva, José M M Teles, Marcos Knibel, Ederlon Rezende, José J S Netto, Claudio Piras, Luciano C P Azevedo, Fernando A Bozza, Nelson Spector, Jorge I F Salluh, Marcio Soares
INTRODUCTION: Cancer patients are at risk for severe complications related to the underlying malignancy or its treatment and, therefore, usually require admission to intensive care units (ICU). Here, we evaluated the clinical characteristics and outcomes in this subgroup of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Secondary analysis of two prospective cohorts of cancer patients admitted to ICUs. We used multivariable logistic regression to identify variables associated with hospital mortality...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754125/os-24-06-high-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-is-associated-with-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-and-heart-failure-in-children-with-hypertension-on-peritoneal-dialysis
#13
Joo Hoon Lee, Jae Suk Baek, Jeong Jin Yu, Young-Hwue Kim, Jae-Kon Ko, Young Seo Park
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and cardiac parameters on echocardiography. DESIGN AND METHOD: Echocardiography was checked at 6 months ∼ 1 year interval in children with end-stage renal disease on peritoneal dialysis, which was more frequently done in patients with hypertension or any heart problems. We reviewed blood pressure (BP) and echocardiographic findings of those children (since February 2005). Data were presented as mean ± standard deviation (median, minimum ∼ maximum)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754003/js-ish-isn-2-role-of-the-kidney-in-resistant-hypertension-why-so-resistant-to-bp-control-in-ckd-patients
#14
George Bakris
Resistant hypertension is defined as a blood pressure above 140/90 mmHg despite adherence to a combination of at least three optimally dosed antihypertensive medications, one of which is a diuretic. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the more common patient comorbidities associated with resistant hypertension. Recommended low-salt diet and triple antihypertensive drug regimens that include a diuretic, should be complemented by the sequential addition of other antihypertensive drugs. CKD is associated with premature vascular ageing, characterized by accelerated arteriosclerosis or atherosclerosis and endothelial dysfunction...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742630/predicting-frequent-hospital-admission-risk-in-singapore-a-retrospective-cohort-study-to-investigate-the-impact-of-comorbidities-acute-illness-burden-and-social-determinants-of-health
#15
Lian Leng Low, Nan Liu, Sijia Wang, Julian Thumboo, Marcus Eng Hock Ong, Kheng Hock Lee
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of comorbidities, acute illness burden and social determinants of health on predicting the risk of frequent hospital admissions. DESIGN: Multivariable logistic regression was used to associate the predictive variables extracted from electronic health records and frequent hospital admission risk. The model's performance of our predictive model was evaluated using a 10-fold cross-validation. SETTING: A single tertiary hospital in Singapore...
October 14, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742284/clinical-impact-of-surgical-complications-in-kidney-transplant-recipients-in-a-reference-hospital-in-salvador-bahia-brazil
#16
J C Araújo, R W D S Barbosa, M F Machado, P S Furtado, C M D Pugas, J S D A Filho, C F Lopes, R J C Mattoso, C L Neves
BACKGROUND: Renal transplantation is the treatment of choice for patients with stage V chronic kidney disease, which does not have contraindications to the procedure and is more cost-effective than dialysis treatments and provides better survival and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of postoperative complications in kidney transplant recipients in a reference hospital. METHODOLOGY: This was a descriptive and retrospective study involving the analysis of patient records during hospitalization and outpatient treatment...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741007/total-parathyroidectomy-with-routine-thymectomy-and-autotransplantation-versus-total-parathyroidectomy-alone-for-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-results-of-a-nonconfirmatory-multicenter-prospective-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#17
Katja Schlosser, Detlef K Bartsch, Markus K Diener, Christoph M Seiler, Tom Bruckner, Christoph Nies, Moritz Meyer, Jens Neudecker, Peter E Goretzki, Gabriel Glockzin, Ralf Konopke, Matthias Rothmund
OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled multicenter pilot trial was conducted to find robust estimates for the rates of recurrence of 2 surgical strategies for secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) within 36 months of follow-up. BACKGROUND: SHPT is a frequent consequence of chronic renal failure. Total parathyroidectomy with autotransplantation (TPTX+AT) and subtotal parathyroidectomy (SPTX) are the standard surgical procedures. Total parathyroidectomy alone (TPTX) might be a good alternative, as morbidity and recurrence rates are low according to small-scale retrospective studies...
November 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659932/intraperitoneal-meropenem-for-polymicrobial-peritoneal-dialysis-related-peritonitis
#18
Caroline W H de Fijter, Lily Jakulj, Fariba Amiri, Anthe Zandvliet, Eric Franssen
With the current rise in multiresistant gram-negative bacteria, carbapenems are more frequently used. Surprisingly, limited data exist on the pharmacokinetics of meropenem in peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis. We report on the pharmacokinetics of repeated intraperitoneal (IP) meropenem during 21 days as treatment for polymicrobial multiresistent PD-related peritonitis.Our current report supports daily doses of 125 mg/L intraperitoneal meropenem in all bags as an effective and safe modality in the treatment of PD-associated peritonitis with multiresistant microorganisms...
September 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27653963/differential-characteristics-of-kidney-transplant-recipients-according-to-1-year-chronic-kidney-disease-stage-3a-and-stage-3b-graft-function
#19
Chung Hee Baek, Hyosang Kim, Won Seok Yang, Duck Jong Han, Su-Kil Park
The outcomes of transplantation have improved, but more than 50% of kidney transplantation (KT) recipients are still reported to have renal function of chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 3 at 1 year after KT. We reviewed all 1235 patients who received a KT in our institution between 2008 and 2012. Among these recipients, 77 and 289 cases were included in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 1 year after KT 30-44 (CKD stage 3b) group and eGFR 45-59 (CKD stage 3a) group, respectively. Longer duration of dialysis (odds ratio [OR] = 1...
September 22, 2016: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643052/os-24-06-high-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-is-associated-with-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-and-heart-failure-in-children-with-hypertension-on-peritoneal-dialysis
#20
Joo Hoon Lee, Jae Suk Baek, Jeong Jin Yu, Young-Hwue Kim, Jae-Kon Ko, Young Seo Park
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and cardiac parameters on echocardiography. DESIGN AND METHOD: Echocardiography was checked at 6 months ∼ 1 year interval in children with end-stage renal disease on peritoneal dialysis, which was more frequently done in patients with hypertension or any heart problems. We reviewed blood pressure (BP) and echocardiographic findings of those children (since February 2005). Data were presented as mean ± standard deviation (median, minimum ∼ maximum)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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