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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339838/the-clinical-epidemiology-of-young-adults-starting-renal-replacement-therapy-in-the-uk-presentation-management-and-survival-using-15-years-of-uk-renal-registry-data
#1
Alexander J Hamilton, Anna Casula, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Fergus J Caskey, Carol D Inward
Background: Clinical epidemiology data for young adults on renal replacement therapy (RRT) are lacking. While mostly transplanted, they have an increased risk of graft loss during young adulthood. Methods: We combined the UK Renal Registry paediatric and adult databases to describe patient characteristics, transplantation and survival for young adults. We grouped patients 11-30 years of age starting RRT from 1999 to 2008 by age band and examined their course during 5 years of follow-up...
February 23, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337715/is-incremental-hemodialysis-ready-to-return-on-the-scene-from-empiricism-to-kinetic-modelling
#2
REVIEW
Carlo Basile, Francesco Gaetano Casino, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh
Most people who make the transition to maintenance dialysis therapy are treated with a fixed dose thrice-weekly hemodialysis regimen without considering their residual kidney function (RKF). The RKF provides effective and naturally continuous clearance of both small and middle molecules, plays a major role in metabolic homeostasis, nutritional status, and cardiovascular health, and aids in fluid management. The RKF is associated with better patient survival and greater health-related quality of life, although these effects may be confounded by patient comorbidities...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303771/epidemiology-and-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-children-a-single-center-study
#3
Werner Keenswijk, Jill Vanmassenhove, Ann Raes, Evelyn Dhont, Johan VandeWalle
BACKGROUND: Information on the epidemiology of Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) in children is scarce. We performed a single center retrospective cohort study to analyze the incidence of AKI, the male/female ratio, the underlying etiology, and age at presentation. We also aimed to assess outcome measured by mortality, duration of PICU stay, and development of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). METHODS: Records were searched for children presenting with or developing AKI between 1st January 2008 and 1st January 2015...
March 17, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302502/clinical-relevance-of-the-international-society-for-heart-and-lung-transplantation-consensus-classification-of-primary-graft-dysfunction-after-heart-transplantation-epidemiology-risk-factors-and-outcomes
#4
Mario Sabatino, Giuseppe Vitale, Valentina Manfredini, Marco Masetti, Laura Borgese, Giuseppe Maria Raffa, Antonio Loforte, Sofia Martin Suarez, Calogero Falletta, Giuseppe Marinelli, Francesco Clemenza, Francesco Grigioni, Luciano Potena
BACKGROUND: Primary graft dysfunction (P-GD) is the leading cause of early mortality after heart transplantation (HT). In this 2-center study we analyze outcomes and risk factors of P-GD according to the recent consensus conference classification endorsed by International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. METHODS: We included all adult HTs performed between 1999 and 2013. P-GD was graded as mild, moderate, and severe, according to International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation recommendations, and analyzed separately from secondary GD...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297057/dialysis-access-issues-related-to-conversion-from-peritoneal-dialysis-to-hemodialysis-and-vice-versa
#5
Maurizio Gallieni, Antonino Giordano, Anna Ricchiuto, Davide Gobatti, Maurizio Cariati
ABSTRACTHemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) represent two complementary modalities of renal replacement therapy (RRT) for end-stage renal disease patients. Conversion between the two modalities is frequent and more likely to happen from PD to HD. Every year, 10% of PD patients convert to HD, suggesting the need for recommendations on how to proceed with the creation of a vascular access in these patients. Criteria for selecting patients who would likely fail PD, and therefore take advantage of a backup access, are undefined...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296241/evolution-of-post-traumatic-growth-during-the-first-12-months-of-dialysis-a-longitudinal-study
#6
Begoña Ruiz de Alegría, Nekane Basabe, Elena De Lorenzo
BACKGROUND: Initiating dialysis can produce psychological benefits. These positive changes, most frequently referred to as posttraumatic growth (PTG), have not previously been explored in these patients. OBJECTIVE: To identify patterns in the temporal course of PTG in patients during their first 12 months of dialysis, and to relate to perceived stress. DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal, observational study. SETTING AND METHODS: The sample included 98 patients, aged from 18 to 70 years, who commenced dialysis in the nine nephrology units of the Basque Country, Spain...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296033/predictors-of-post-hospitalization-recovery-of-renal-function-among-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-requiring-dialysis
#7
Russell Pajewski, Patrick Gipson, Michael Heung
INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring dialysis complicates 1% of all hospital admissions, and up to 30% of survivors will still require dialysis at hospital discharge. There is a paucity of data to describe the postdischarge outcomes or to guide evidence-based dialysis management of this vulnerable population. METHODS: Single-center, retrospective analysis of 100 consecutive patients with AKI who survived to hospital discharge and required outpatient dialysis...
March 13, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262267/frequency-of-early-predialysis-nephrology-care-and%C3%A2-postdialysis%C3%A2-cardiovascular-events
#8
Ju-Yeh Yang, Jenq-Wen Huang, Likwang Chen, Yun-Yi Chen, Mei-Fen Pai, Kuei-Ting Tung, Yu-Sen Peng, Kuan-Yu Hung
BACKGROUND: Patients with kidney failure are at a high risk for cardiovascular events. Predialysis nephrology care has been reported to improve postdialysis survival, but its effects on postdialysis major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) have not been comprehensively studied. STUDY DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: We used data from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. Adult patients who initiated maintenance dialysis therapy in 1999 to 2010 were enrolled...
March 2, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260444/pediatric-kidney-transplant-experience-at-an-algerian-nephrology-department
#9
Ali Benziane, Saliha Boutennoune
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the outcomes, complications, causes of graft loss, and patient and graft survival in pediatric renal transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study using the records of 32 children who had a renal transplant between February 2007 and October 2014. RESULTS: All donations were intrafamily, and all patients had a living donor: the patient's mother in 56.3%, the father in 40.6%, and a brother in 3...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243134/home-hemodialysis-a-comprehensive-review-of-patient-centered-and-economic-considerations
#10
REVIEW
Rachael C Walker, Kirsten Howard, Rachael L Morton
Internationally, the number of patients requiring treatment for end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) continues to increase, placing substantial burden on health systems and patients. Home hemodialysis (HD) has fluctuated in its popularity, and the rates of home HD vary considerably between and within countries although there is evidence suggesting a number of clinical, survival, economic, and quality of life (QoL) advantages associated with this treatment. International guidelines encourage shared decision making between patients and clinicians for the type of dialysis, with an emphasis on a treatment that aligned to the patients' lifestyle...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241247/peritoneal-dialysis-vs-furosemide-for-prevention-of-fluid-overload-in-infants-after-cardiac-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
David M Kwiatkowski, Stuart L Goldstein, David S Cooper, David P Nelson, David L S Morales, Catherine D Krawczeski
Importance: Fluid overload after congenital heart surgery is frequent and a major cause of morbidity and mortality among infants. Many programs have adopted the use of peritoneal dialysis (PD) for fluid management; however, its benefits compared with those of traditional diuretic administration are unknown. Objective: To determine whether infants randomized to PD vs furosemide for the treatment of oliguria have a higher incidence of negative fluid balance on postoperative day 1, as well as avoidance of 10% fluid overload; shorter duration of mechanical ventilation, intensive care unit stay, and inotrope use; and fewer electrolyte abnormalities...
February 20, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238929/comparison-between-open-and-endovascular-repair-for-the-treatment-of-juxtarenal-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms-a-single-center-experience-with-midterm-results
#12
Koji Maeda, Takao Ohki, Yuji Kanaoka, Takeshi Baba, Kenjirou Kaneko, Kota Shukuzawa
PURPOSE: To evaluate the optimal treatment for juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (JAAA) we compared outcomes of open surgical repair (OSR) with endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) utilizing a variety of fenestrated and snorkel EVARs. METHODS: We evaluated overall survival, aneurysm-related death, re-intervention and renal impairment in 152 JAAAs retrospectively, excluding cases of aortic dissection and rupture. Cox models were used to assess survival and assessed postoperative dialysis rates following surgery...
February 23, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217650/comparing-the-effect-of-dressing-versus-no-dressing-on-exit-site-infection-and-peritonitis-in-chronic-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#13
Shahram Taheri, Mahdieh Ahmadnia, Mojgan Mortazavi, Shirin Karimi, Homa Reihani, Shiva Seirafian
BACHGROUND: Peritonitis and exit site (ES) infection are two main complications of peritoneal dialysis. There are some controversies regard to preventive strategies for ES care. In this study we compared peritonitis and ES infection rates in patients with and without dressing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This historical cohort study carried out on 72 patients under continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis treatment, 54 with dressing versus 18 patients without dressing, followed from October 1, 2010 to March 31, 2011 for peritonitis and ES infection...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208610/non-emergency-medical-transportation-needs-of-middle-aged-and-older-adults-a-rural-urban-comparison-in-delaware-usa
#14
Matthew Lee Smith, Thomas R Prohaska, Kara E MacLeod, Marcia G Ory, Amy R Eisenstein, David R Ragland, Cheryl Irmiter, Samuel D Towne, William A Satariano
Background: Older adults in rural areas have unique transportation barriers to accessing medical care, which include a lack of mass transit options and considerable distances to health-related services. This study contrasts non-emergency medical transportation (NEMT) service utilization patterns and associated costs for Medicaid middle-aged and older adults in rural versus urban areas. Methods: Data were analyzed from 39,194 NEMT users of LogistiCare-brokered services in Delaware residing in rural (68.3%) and urban (30...
February 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202161/complication-profile-failure-to-rescue-and-mortality-following-elective-endovascular-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#15
David S Kauvar, Eric D Martin, Todd E Simon, Matthew D Givens
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the relationship between patient risk factors, postoperative complications, and morbidity and mortality is important when considering elective endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (E-EVAR) performed to prevent aneurysm rupture mortality. We aimed to stratify complications in E-EVAR and explore their relationship with postoperative death. METHODS: E-EVAR cases from 2012 NSQIP were identified. 30-day complications were categorized as major (MAJCX) or minor (MINCX) using the Clavien-Dindo classification...
February 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185299/incremental-hemodialysis-a-european-perspective
#16
Kamonwan Tangvoraphonkchai, Andrew Davenport
Most patients initiating hemodialysis have residual renal function (RRF). Whereas RRF is monitored prior to commencing hemodialysis, once dialysis is started most centres simply rely on dialyzer urea clearance to determine adequate uremic toxin clearance and disregard the effect of RRF. However sustaining RRF is important for the dialysis patient, as RRF reduces inter-dialytic weight gains, increases middle molecule and protein bound toxin clearances and is associated with better quality of life assessments...
February 9, 2017: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183858/comparison-of-topical-chlorhexidine-and-mupirocin-for-the-prevention-of-exit-site-infection-in-incident-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#17
Htay Htay, David W Johnson, Sin Yan Wu, Elizabeth L Oei, Marjorie Wai Yin Foo, Jason C Choo
♦ Objective: Prevention of exit-site infection (ESI) is of paramount importance to peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of chlorhexidine in the prevention of ESI in incident PD patients compared with mupirocin. ♦ Methods: This retrospective, pre-test/post-test observational study included all incident PD patients at Singapore General Hospital from 2012 to 2015. Patients received daily topical exit-site application of either mupirocin (2012 - 2013) or chlorhexidine (2014 - 2015) in addition to routine exit-site cleaning with 10% povidone-iodine...
February 9, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169946/differences-in-utilization-of-life-support-and-end-of-life-care-for-medical-icu-patients-with-versus-without-cancer
#18
Geoffrey Koff, Urvashi Vaid, Edward Len, Albert Crawford, David A Oxman
OBJECTIVES: To explore differences in the utilization of life support and end-of-life care between patients dying in the medical ICU with cancer compared with those without cancer. DESIGN: Retrospective review of 403 deaths or hospice transfers in the medical ICU from January 1, 2012, to June 30, 2013. SETTING: Urban tertiary care university hospital. PATIENTS: Consecutive medical ICU deaths or hospice transfers over an 18-month period...
April 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160763/the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-by-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#19
Özlem Ceyhan, Songul Göris, Nevin Dogan, Sevda Korkut Bayındır
Context • Hemodialysis (HD) is a frequently used method for the treatment of chronic renal failure. Patients show many symptoms and problems, depending on the success of HD and the disease. Today, one of the most commonly used methods, in addition to pharmacological treatments, for ensuring symptom control and reinforcing a patient's well-being is complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Objectives • The study was conducted to determine the benefits of the use of CAM for patients undergoing HD. Design • The study was descriptive...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152289/cqi-proiect-every-other-day-nocturnal-hhd-an-alternative-approach-to-reduce-burden
#20
(no author information available yet)
More frequent dialysis, typically performed five to six times per week at home, has been associated with a num- ber of clinical, cardiovascular, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) benefits. Daily therapy often results in a burden for patients and care partners. A continuous qual- ity improvement (CQI) initiative was conducted to evaluate if an alternate day, longer duration therapy (3.5 treatments with six to 10 hour treatments per week) would provide a viable alternative for home hemodialysis (HHD)...
August 2016: Nephrology News & Issues
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