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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302168/comparison-of-the-diagnostic-performance-of-microscopic-examination-with-nested-polymerase-chain-reaction-for-optimum-malaria-diagnosis-in-upper-myanmar
#1
Jung-Mi Kang, Pyo-Yun Cho, Mya Moe, Jinyoung Lee, Hojong Jun, Hyeong-Woo Lee, Seong Kyu Ahn, Tae Im Kim, Jhang Ho Pak, Moe Kyaw Myint, Khin Lin, Tong-Soo Kim, Byoung-Kuk Na
BACKGROUND: Accurate diagnosis of Plasmodium infection is crucial for prompt malaria treatment and surveillance. Microscopic examination has been widely applied as the gold standard for malaria diagnosis in most part of malaria endemic areas, but its diagnostic value has been questioned, particularly in submicroscopic malaria. In this study, the diagnostic performance of microscopic examination and nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was evaluated to establish optimal malaria diagnosis method in Myanmar...
March 16, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288644/tollip-gene-variant-is-associated-with-plasmodium-vivax-malaria-in-the-brazilian-amazon
#2
Larissa W Brasil, Laila R A Barbosa, Felipe J de Araujo, Allyson G da Costa, Luan D O da Silva, Suzana K Pinheiro, Anne C G de Almeida, Andrea Kuhn, Sheila Vitor-Silva, Gisely C de Melo, Wuelton M Monteiro, Marcus V G de Lacerda, Rajendranath Ramasawmy
BACKGROUND: Toll-interacting protein is a negative regulator in the TLR signaling cascade, particularly by impeding the TLR2 and, TLR4 pathway. Recently, TOLLIP was shown to regulate human TLR signaling pathways. Two common TOLLIP polymorphisms (rs5743899 and rs3750920) were reported to be influencing IL-6, TNF and IL-10 expression. In this study, TOLLIP variants were investigated to their relation to Plasmodium vivax malaria in the Brazilian Amazon. METHODS: This cohort study was performed in the municipalities of Careiro and, Manaus, in Western Brazilian Amazon...
March 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288632/unexpected-selections-of-plasmodium-falciparum-polymorphisms-in-previously-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-areas-after-monthly-presumptive-administration-of-three-different-anti-malarial-drugs-in-liberia-1976-78
#3
Irina T Jovel, Anders Björkman, Cally Roper, Andreas Mårtensson, Johan Ursing
BACKGROUND: To assess the effect on malaria prevalence, village specific monthly administrations of pyrimethamine, chlorproguanil, chloroquine or placebo were given to children in four previously treatment-naïve Liberian villages, 1976-78. Plasmodium falciparum in vivo resistance developed to pyrimethamine only. Selection of molecular markers of P. falciparum resistance after 2 years of treatment are reported. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 191 study children in a survey in 1978...
March 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285440/plasmodium-falciparum-gfp-e-ntpdase-expression-at-the-intraerythrocytic-stages-and-its-inhibition-blocks-the-development-of-the-human-malaria-parasite
#4
Lucas Borges-Pereira, Kamila Anna Meissner, Carsten Wrenger, Célia R S Garcia
Plasmodium falciparum is the causative agent of the most dangerous form of malaria in humans. It has been reported that the P. falciparum genome encodes for a single ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase (E-NTPDase), an enzyme that hydrolyzes extracellular tri- and di-phosphate nucleotides. The E-NTPDases are known for participating in invasion and as a virulence factor in many pathogenic protozoa. Despite its presence in the parasite genome, currently, no information exists about the activity of this predicted protein...
March 11, 2017: Purinergic Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283009/-production-and-molecular-characterization-of-plasmodium-falciparum-recombinant-circumsporozoite-protein-with-37-nanp-and-4-nvdp-epitopes
#5
Yunus Uyar, Abdüssamed Akşit, Serkan Karaca, Şirin Sahra Ceylan, Merve Yürük
Malaria is caused by the protozoan parasite Plasmodium, the leading cause of death amongst the parasitic diseases. The disease is transmitted to human by the bites of female Anopheles mosquitoes. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) data, there were an estimated 214 million malaria cases and estimated 438.000 deaths occurred worldwide, in 2015. It is observed that 90% of all the deaths due to malaria occur in Africa. 78% of these cases were children who are under five years old. Intensive malaria interventions helped to reduce malaria incidence by 37% between 2000 and 2015...
January 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275077/improving-the-specificity-of-p-falciparum-malaria-diagnosis-in-high-transmission-settings-with-a-two-step-rdt-and-microscopy-algorithm
#6
Moses Murungi, Travis Fulton, Raquel Reyes, Michael Matte, Moses Ntaro, Edgar Mulogo, Dan Nyehangane, Jonathan J Juliano, Mark J Siedner, Yap Boum, Ross M Boyce
Poor specificity may negatively impact rapid diagnostic test (RDT) based diagnostic strategies for malaria. We performed real time polymerase chain reaction on a subset of subjects who had undergone diagnostic testing with a multiple antigen (HRP2/pLDH) RDT and microscopy. We determined the sensitivity and specificity of the RDT in comparison to PCR for the detection of P. falciparum malaria. We developed and evaluated a two-step algorithm utilizing the multiple-antigen RDT to screen patients followed by confirmatory microscopy for those individuals with HRP2+/pLDH- results...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274886/increased-susceptibility-of-blood-type-o-individuals-to-develop-anemia-in-plasmodium-vivax-infection
#7
Sarah Stela Resende, Vanessa Gonçalves Milagres, Daniel Gonçalves Chaves, Cor Jesus Fernandes Fontes, Luzia Helena Carvalho, Tais Nobrega Sousa, Cristiana Ferreira Alves de Brito
Plasmodium vivax has been reported to cause severe malaria, and one of the main resulting complications is anemia. Considering that P. vivax infects only young erythrocytes, anemia has been associated with the destruction of infected and non-infected erythrocytes. However, few studies have focused on understanding the relationship between the pathogenesis of P. vivax malaria and human genetic polymorphisms. Although ABO groups seem to influence the outcome of Plasmodium falciparum malaria, the association between P...
March 6, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270213/preliminary-survey-on-anopheles-species-distribution-in-botswana-shows-the-presence-of-anopheles-gambiae-and-anopheles-funestus-complexes
#8
Leabaneng Tawe, Pleasure Ramatlho, Kelebogile Waniwa, Charles W Muthoga, Ntebaleng Makate, Davis S Ntebela, Isaac K Quaye, Marco Pombi, Giacomo Maria Paganotti
BACKGROUND: Botswana is one of the four front line malaria elimination countries in Southern Africa, with malaria control activities that include routine vector control. Past and recent studies have shown that Anopheles arabiensis is the only known vector of Plasmodium parasites in the country. This report presents a preliminary evaluation on Anopheles species composition in seven districts of Botswana with some inferences on their vectorial role. RESULTS: Overall, 404 Anopheles mosquito females were collected, of which 196 were larvae collected from several breeding sites, and 208 were adults obtained from indoor pyrethrum spray catches (PSC)...
March 7, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266719/ancestry-plasmodium-cynomolgi-prevalence-and-rhesus-macaque-admixture-in-cynomolgus-macaques-macaca-fascicularis-bred-for-export-in-chinese-breeding-farms
#9
Xinjun Zhang, Yuhuan Meng, Paul Houghton, Mingyu Liu, Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Robert Oldt, Jillian Ng, Jessica Satkoski Trask, Ren Huang, Balbir Singh, Hongli Du, David Glenn Smith
BACKGROUND: Most cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) used in the United States as animal models are imported from Chinese breeding farms without documented ancestry. Cynomolgus macaques with varying rhesus macaque ancestry proportions may exhibit differences, such as susceptibility to malaria, that affect their suitability as a research model. METHODS: DNA of 400 cynomolgus macaques from 10 Chinese breeding farms was genotyped to characterize their regional origin and rhesus ancestry proportion...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263883/asymptomatic-plasmodium-malariae-infections-in-children-from-suburban-areas-of-yaound%C3%A3-cameroon
#10
Dongang Nana Rodrigue Roman, Ngono Ngane Annie Rosalie, Amit Kumar, Koanga Mogtomo Martin Luther, Vineeta Singh, Mouelle Sone Albert
The gold standard for malaria diagnosis is the microscopic examination of Giemsa stained thick blood smears though microscopy mostly may not detect the presence of Plasmodium species infections in asymptomatic samples. In the reported study, we used two diagnostic methods viz. the conventional microscopic examination and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay to analyse the asymptomatic malaria samples. PCR assay amplifying 18S small-subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) gene of Plasmodium in 122 samples confirmed 68% of isolates as asymptomatic P...
March 2, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258817/characteristics-and-survival-of-patients-with-ebola-virus-infection-malaria-or-both-in-sierra-leone-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Matthew Waxman, Adam R Aluisio, Soham Rege, Adam C Levine
BACKGROUND: The 2014-15 Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic strained health systems in west Africa already overburdened with other diseases, including malaria. Because EVD and malaria can be difficult to distinguish clinically, and rapid testing was not available in many Ebola Treatment Units (ETUs), guidelines recommended empirical malaria treatment. Little is known, however, about the prevalence and characteristics of patients entering an ETU who were infected with malaria parasites, either alone or concurrently with Ebola virus...
February 28, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257812/antibodies-elicited-during-natural-infection-in-a-predominantly-plasmodium-falciparum-transmission-area-cross-react-with-sexual-stage-specific-antigen-in-p-vivax
#12
Geetha P Bansal, Arthur Vengesai, Yi Cao, Takafira Mduluza, Nirbhay Kumar
Infections caused by Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax account for more than 90% of global malaria burden. Exposure to malaria parasite elicits immune responses during natural infection and it is generally believed that the immunity is not only stage specific but also species specific. However, partial genomic similarity for various antigens in different Plasmodium spp. raises the possibility of immunological cross-reactivity at the level of specific antigens. Serum samples collected from children who were permanent residents of a P...
February 28, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253867/the-shape-of-the-iceberg-quantification-of-submicroscopic-plasmodium-falciparum-and-plasmodium-vivax-parasitaemia-and-gametocytaemia-in-five-low-endemic-settings-in-ethiopia
#13
Fitsum G Tadesse, Lotus van den Hoogen, Kjerstin Lanke, Jodie Schildkraut, Kevin Tetteh, Abraham Aseffa, Hassen Mamo, Robert Sauerwein, Ingrid Felger, Chris Drakeley, Endalamaw Gadissa, Teun Bousema
BACKGROUND: The widespread presence of low-density asymptomatic infections with concurrent gametocytes may be a stumbling block for malaria elimination. This study investigated the asymptomatic reservoir of Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax infections in schoolchildren from five settings in northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted in June and November 2015, enrolling 551 students from five schools and 294 students from three schools, respectively...
March 3, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249583/molecular-surveillance-of-artemisinin-resistance-falciparum-malaria-among-migrant-goldmine-workers-in-myanmar
#14
Myat Htut Nyunt, Bo Wang, Khin Myo Aye, Kyin Hla Aye, Jin-Hee Han, Seong-Kyun Lee, Kay Thwe Han, Ye Htut, Eun-Taek Han
BACKGROUND: Artemisinin resistance has been reported in Greater Mekong Sub-region countries, including Myanmar. After discovery of artemisinin resistance marker (K13), molecular surveillance on artemisinin resistance in endemic regions have been conducted. As the migrant population represents a high percentage of malaria cases, molecular surveillance of artemisinin resistance among migrant workers is of great concern. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Shwegyin Township, where migrants work in the goldmines...
March 1, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222769/plasticity-of-host-selection-by-malaria-vectors-of-papua-new-guinea
#15
John B Keven, Lisa Reimer, Michelle Katusele, Gussy Koimbu, Rebecca Vinit, Naomi Vincent, Edward Thomsen, David R Foran, Peter A Zimmerman, Edward D Walker
BACKGROUND: Host selection is an important determinant of vectorial capacity because malaria transmission increases when mosquitoes feed more on humans than non-humans. Host selection also affects the outcome of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLIN). Despite the recent nationwide implementation of LLIN-based malaria control program in Papua New Guinea (PNG), little is known about the host selection of the local Anopheles vectors. This study investigated the host selection of Anopheles vectors in PNG...
February 21, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219910/severe-plasmodium-knowlesi-with-dengue-coinfection
#16
Mohd Jazman Che Rahim, Nurashikin Mohammad, Alwi Muhd Besari, Wan Syamimee Wan Ghazali
We report a case of severe Plasmodium knowlesi and dengue coinfection in a previously healthy 59-year-old Malay man who presented with worsening shortness of breath, high-grade fever with chills and rigors, dry cough, myalgia, arthralgia, chest discomfort and poor appetite of 1 week duration. There was a history mosquito fogging around his neighbourhood in his hometown. Further history revealed that he went to a forest in Jeli (northern part of Kelantan) 3 weeks prior to the event. Initially he was treated as severe dengue with plasma leakage complicated with type 1 respiratory failure as evidenced by positive serum NS1-antigen and thrombocytopenia...
February 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214533/the-effect-and-mechanism-of-inhibiting-glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase-activity-on-the-proliferation-of-plasmodium-falciparum
#17
Zhiqiang Zhang, Xiaodan Chen, Chengrui Jiang, Zishui Fang, Yi Feng, Weiying Jiang
We screened >40,000 patients with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency and found that the G6PD Kaiping allele was under the most positive selection for fighting against malaria in the Chinese population. However, the mechanism is unknown. The current study was designed to investigate the anti-malarial effect and mechanism of G6PD deficiency. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) was utilised for inhibiting the G6PD activity of erythrocytes. Giemsa staining of blood smears and quantitative real-time PCR were used for the detection and quantification of Plasmodium falciparum infection...
May 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196496/molecular-evidence-of-plasmodium-vivax-infection-in-duffy-negative-symptomatic-individuals-from-dschang-west-cameroon
#18
Gianluca Russo, Giovanni Faggioni, Giacomo Maria Paganotti, Ghyslaine Bruna Djeunang Dongho, Alice Pomponi, Riccardo De Santis, Gianpiero Tebano, Mpoame Mbida, Martin Sanou Sobze, Vincenzo Vullo, Giovanni Rezza, Florigio Romano Lista
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium vivax infection is known to be rare in West/Central Africa, the most accepted explanation being the lack of expression of erythroid Duffy antigen in the local human populations. Duffy negativity prevents the parasite to exploit the entry mechanism on the red blood cell surface. However, there are a growing number of reported vivax infections in Duffy-negative individuals. Data on P. vivax circulation in Cameroon are limited. The aim of the study was to evaluate the P...
February 14, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187764/new-potential-plasmodium-brasilianum-hosts-tamarin-and-marmoset-monkeys-family-callitrichidae
#19
Denise A M Alvarenga, Anielle Pina-Costa, Cesare Bianco, Silvia B Moreira, Patricia Brasil, Alcides Pissinatti, Claudio T Daniel-Ribeiro, Cristiana F A Brito
BACKGROUND: Non-human primates (NHPs) as a source for Plasmodium infections in humans are a challenge for malaria elimination. In Brazil, two species of Plasmodium have been described infecting NHPs, Plasmodium brasilianum and Plasmodium simium. Both species are infective to man. Plasmodium brasilianum resembles morphologically, genetically and immunologically the human quartan Plasmodium malariae. Plasmodium brasilianum naturally infects species of non-human primates from all New World monkey families from a large geographic area...
February 10, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183301/cellulose-filtration-of-blood-from-malaria-patients-for-improving-ex-vivo-growth-of-plasmodium-falciparum-parasites
#20
Sixbert I Mkumbaye, Daniel T R Minja, Jakob S Jespersen, Michael Alifrangis, Reginald A Kavishe, Steven B Mwakalinga, John P Lusingu, Thor G Theander, Thomas Lavstsen, Christian W Wang
BACKGROUND: Establishing in vitro Plasmodium falciparum culture lines from patient parasite isolates can offer deeper understanding of geographic variations of drug sensitivity and mechanisms of malaria pathogenesis and immunity. Cellulose column filtration of blood is an inexpensive, rapid and effective method for the removal of host factors, such as leucocytes and platelets, significantly improving the purification of parasite DNA in a blood sample. METHODS: In this study, the effect of cellulose column filtration of venous blood on the initial in vitro growth of P...
February 10, 2017: Malaria Journal
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