keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

C Caldwell

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321299/host-size-and-proximity-to-diseased-neighbours-drive-the-spread-of-a-coral-disease-outbreak-in-hawai-i
#1
Jamie M Caldwell, Megan J Donahue, C Drew Harvell
Understanding how disease risk varies over time and across heterogeneous populations is critical for managing disease outbreaks, but this information is rarely known for wildlife diseases. Here, we demonstrate that variation in host and pathogen factors drive the direction, duration and intensity of a coral disease outbreak. We collected longitudinal health data for 200 coral colonies, and found that disease risk increased with host size and severity of diseased neighbours, and disease spread was highest among individuals between 5 and 20 m apart...
January 10, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310456/online-physical-therapy-protocol-quality-variability-and-availability-in-achilles-tendon-repair
#2
Harry M Lightsey, Peter C Noback, Jon-Michael E Caldwell, David P Trofa, Justin K Greisberg, J Turner Vosseller
BACKGROUND: Substantial progress has been made in characterizing the benefit of early functional rehabilitation following Achilles tendon repair (ATR). However, standardized ATR rehabilitation guidelines have yet to be produced. Furthermore, as patients increasingly use the Internet to independently retrieve health care content, access to standardized, clinically effective rehabilitation protocols is necessary. METHODS: Online ATR physical therapy protocols from US academic orthopaedic programs were reviewed...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290638/estimating-surface-soil-moisture-from-smap-observations-using-a-neural-network-technique
#3
J Kolassa, R H Reichle, Q Liu, S H Alemohammad, P Gentine, K Aida, J Asanuma, S Bircher, T Caldwell, A Colliander, M Cosh, C Holifield Collins, T J Jackson, J Martínez-Fernández, H McNairn, A Pacheco, M Thibeault, J P Walker
A Neural Network (NN) algorithm was developed to estimate global surface soil moisture for April 2015 to March 2017 with a 2-3 day repeat frequency using passive microwave observations from the Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) satellite, surface soil temperatures from the NASA Goddard Earth Observing System Model version 5 (GEOS-5) land modeling system, and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer-based vegetation water content. The NN was trained on GEOS-5 soil moisture target data, making the NN estimates consistent with the GEOS-5 climatology, such that they may ultimately be assimilated into this model without further bias correction...
January 2018: Remote Sensing of Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248436/estrogen-signaling-in-the-medial-amygdala-decreases-emotional-stress-responses-and-obesity-in-ovariectomized-rats
#4
Christina M Estrada, Valentina Ghisays, Elizabeth T Nguyen, Jody L Caldwell, Joshua Streicher, Matia B Solomon
Declining estradiol (E2), as occurs during menopause, increases risk for obesity and psychopathology (i.e., depression, anxiety). E2 modulates mood and energy homeostasis via binding to estrogen receptors (ER) in the brain. The often comorbid and bidirectional relationship between mood and metabolic disorders suggests shared hormonal and/or brain networks. The medial amygdala (MeA) is abundant in ERs and regulates mood, endocrine, and metabolic stress responses; therefore we tested the hypothesis that E2 in the MeA mitigates emotional and metabolic dysfunction in a rodent model of surgical menopause...
December 14, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246492/three-steroid-binding-globulins-their-localization-in-the-brain-and-nose-and-what-they-might-be-doing-there
#5
J D Caldwell, K Londe, S D Ochs, Z Hajdu, A Rodewald, V M Gebhart, G F Jirikowski
Steroid-binding globulins (SBGs) such as sex hormone binding globulin, corticosteroid binding globulin, and vitamin-D binding protein are receiving increasing notice as being actively involved in steroid actions. This paper reviews data of all three of these SBGs, focusing on their presence and possible activity in the brain and nose. We have found all three proteins in the brain in limbic areas such as the paraventricular (PVN) and supraoptic nuclei (SON) as well as other areas of the hypothalamus, hippocampus, and medial preoptic area...
December 12, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242581/il-33-is-induced-in-undifferentiated-non-dividing-esophageal-epithelial-cells-in-eosinophilic-esophagitis
#6
J Travers, M Rochman, J M Caldwell, J A Besse, C E Miracle, M E Rothenberg
The molecular and cellular etiology of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), an emerging tissue-specific allergic disease, involves dysregulated gene expression in esophageal epithelial cells. Herein, we assessed the esophageal expression of IL-33, an epithelium-derived alarmin cytokine, in patients with EoE. IL-33 protein was markedly overexpressed within the nuclei of a subpopulation of basal layer esophageal epithelial cells in patients with active EoE compared to control individuals. IL-33 exhibited dynamic expression as levels normalized upon EoE remission...
December 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219820/a-rare-cause-of-abdominal-mass-and-deep-venous-thrombosis
#7
R Rajagopal, C Caldwell, V Tanjavur, R Manglani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Netherlands Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201158/biomonitoring-method-for-the-analysis-of-chromium-and-cobalt-in-human-whole-blood-using-inductively-coupled-plasma-kinetic-energy-discrimination-mass-spectrometry-icp-ked-ms
#8
Joaudimir Castro Georgi, Yuliya L Sommer, Cynthia D Ward, Po-Yung Cheng, Robert L Jones, Kathleen L Caldwell
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention developed a biomonitoring method to rapidly and accurately quantify chromium and cobalt in human whole blood by ICP-MS. Many metal-on-metal hip implants which contain significant amounts of chromium and cobalt are susceptible to metal degradation. This method is used to gather population data about chromium and cobalt exposure of the U.S. population that does not include people that have metal-on-metal hip implants so that reference value can be established for a baseline level in blood...
2017: Analytical Methods: Advancing Methods and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198748/microparticles-from-stored-red-blood-cells-promote-a-hypercoagulable-state-in-a-murine-model-of-transfusion
#9
Young Kim, Brent T Xia, Andrew D Jung, Alex L Chang, William A Abplanalp, Charles C Caldwell, Michael D Goodman, Timothy A Pritts
BACKGROUND: Red blood cell-derived microparticles are biologically active, submicron vesicles shed by erythrocytes during storage. Recent clinical studies have linked the duration of red blood cell storage with thromboembolic events in critically ill transfusion recipients. In the present study, we hypothesized that microparticles from aged packed red blood cell units promote a hypercoagulable state in a murine model of transfusion. METHODS: Microparticles were isolated from aged, murine packed red blood cell units via serial centrifugation...
November 29, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186571/oxygen-gradients-can-determine-epigenetic-asymmetry-and-cellular-differentiation-via-differential-regulation-of-tet-activity-in-embryonic-stem-cells
#10
Simon Burr, Anna Caldwell, Mei Chong, Matteo Beretta, Stephen Metcalf, Matthew Hancock, Matthew Arno, Sucharitha Balu, Valeria Leon Kropf, Rajesh K Mistry, Ajay M Shah, Giovanni E Mann, Alison C Brewer
Graded levels of molecular oxygen (O2) exist within developing mammalian embryos and can differentially regulate cellular specification pathways. During differentiation, cells acquire distinct epigenetic landscapes, which determine their function, however the mechanisms which regulate this are poorly understood. The demethylation of 5-methylcytosine (5mC) is achieved via successive oxidation reactions catalysed by the Ten-Eleven-Translocation (Tet) enzymes, yielding the 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) intermediate...
November 24, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183961/oral-anticoagulants-for-prevention-of-stroke-in-atrial-fibrillation-systematic-review-network-meta-analysis-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#11
REVIEW
José A López-López, Jonathan A C Sterne, Howard H Z Thom, Julian P T Higgins, Aroon D Hingorani, George N Okoli, Philippa A Davies, Pritesh N Bodalia, Peter A Bryden, Nicky J Welton, William Hollingworth, Deborah M Caldwell, Jelena Savović, Sofia Dias, Chris Salisbury, Diane Eaton, Annya Stephens-Boal, Reecha Sofat
Objective To compare the efficacy, safety, and cost effectiveness of direct acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) for patients with atrial fibrillation.Design Systematic review, network meta-analysis, and cost effectiveness analysis. Data sources Medline, PreMedline, Embase, and The Cochrane Library.Eligibility criteria for selecting studies Published randomised trials evaluating the use of a DOAC, vitamin K antagonist, or antiplatelet drug for prevention of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation.Results 23 randomised trials involving 94 656 patients were analysed: 13 compared a DOAC with warfarin dosed to achieve a target INR of 2...
November 28, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154591/the-impact-of-comorbid-diagnoses-on-the-course-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-residents-of-battered-women-s-shelters
#12
Katherine M Fedele, Nicole L Johnson, Jennifer C Caldwell, Yuliya Shteynberg, Sarah E Sanders, Samantha C Holmes, Dawn M Johnson
OBJECTIVE: The current investigation sought to explore the impact of the comorbidities of substance use disorder (SUD), major depressive disorder (MDD), and borderline personality disorder (BPD) on the trajectory of intimate partner violence (IPV)-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms across a 6-month follow-up period in IPV survivors who seek shelter. Research has found significant comorbidity of SUD, MDD, and BPD with PTSD (see Green et al., 2006; Kessler, Sonnega, Bromet, Hughes, & Nelson, 1995; Pagura et al...
November 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140832/platelet-function-changes-in-a-time-dependent-manner-following-traumatic-brain-injury-in-a-murine-model
#13
Grace E Martin, Brent Xia, Young Kim, Mark D Johnson, Rosalie Veile, Lou Ann Friend, Amy T Makley, Charles C Caldwell, Michael D Goodman
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) results in systemic changes in coagulation and inflammation that contribute to post-traumatic morbidity and mortality. The potential interaction of platelets and pro-inflammatory cytokines in the modulation of coagulation, microthrombosis, and venous thromboembolic events after moderate TBI (TBI) has not been determined. Using a murine model, we hypothesized 1) that the degree of platelet-induced coagulation varies depending on the platelet aggregation agonist 2) platelet-induced coagulation changes in a time-dependent manner following TBI, and 3) changes in platelet-induced coagulation are mirrored by changes in the levels of circulating pro-inflammatory cytokines...
November 14, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139142/safety-of-orally-administered-usp-compliant-levothyroxine-sodium-tablets-in-dogs
#14
J E Hare, C M K Morrow, J Caldwell, W E Lloyd
The safety of synthetic levothyroxine sodium tablets (Thyro-Tabs® Canine; LLOYD, Inc.) in dogs was evaluated in a randomized, sham-dose controlled, parallel-group study. Young, healthy, euthyroid Beagle dogs were randomized into four groups (four females and four males per group) and received single daily doses of 0×, 2× (0.044 mg/kg), 6× (0.132 mg/kg), or 10× (0.22 mg/kg) the labeled starting dose of 0.022 mg kg(-1)  day(-1) for 182 days. Every 2 weeks, physical examinations, electrocardiology examinations, and sample collections for thyroid panel, hematology, serum biochemistry, coagulation panel, and urinalysis were performed...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130735/evaluation-of-the-pharmacodynamic-effects-of-the-potassium-binder-rdx7675-in-mice
#15
James P Davidson, Andrew J King, Padmapriya Kumaraswamy, Jeremy S Caldwell, Paul Korner, Robert C Blanks, Jeffrey W Jacobs
INTRODUCTION: Hyperkalemia is a common complication in patients with heart failure or chronic kidney disease, particularly those who are taking inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. RDX7675, the calcium salt of a reengineered polystyrene sulfonate-based resin, is a potassium binder that is being investigated as a novel treatment for hyperkalemia. This study evaluated the pharmacodynamic effects of RDX7675 in mice, compared to 2 current treatments, sodium polystyrene sulfonate (SPS) and patiromer...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113534/the-relationship-between-neuropsychological-tests-of-visuospatial-function-and-lobar-cortical-thickness
#16
Davor N Zink, Justin B Miller, Jessica Z K Caldwell, Christopher Bird, Sarah J Banks
INTRODUCTION: Tests of visuospatial function are often administered in comprehensive neuropsychological evaluations. These tests are generally considered assays of parietal lobe function; however, the neural correlates of these tests, using modern imaging techniques, are not well understood. In the current study we investigated the relationship between three commonly used tests of visuospatial function and lobar cortical thickness in each hemisphere. METHOD: Data from 374 patients who underwent a neuropsychological evaluation and MRI scans in an outpatient dementia clinic were included in the analysis...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102666/a-90-day-subchronic-gavage-toxicity-study-in-fischer-344-rats-with-3-methylfuran
#17
S Gill, M Kavanagh, W Cherry, C Bourque, D Caldwell, G Wang, G Bondy
A 90-day gavage study was conducted with 0.0, 0.02, 0.075, 0.25, 1.0 and 4.0 mg/kg bw/day dose groups of 3-methylfuran to identify a no-observed adverse effect level for hepatotoxicity and to characterize non-neoplastic effects including changes in gross anatomy, histopathology, clinical biochemistry and hematology. There were significant changes in the serum clinical biochemistry markers related to liver injury where males were more affected than the females for most parameters analysed. The serum liver injury marker γ-glutamyltransferase, alanine and aspartate aminotransferases were significantly increased in males in the 4...
November 1, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080792/impact-of-shear-rate-pattern-on-post-occlusive-near-infrared-spectroscopy-microvascular-reactivity
#18
M Ramos Gonzalez, J T Caldwell, P A Branch, G C Wardlow, C D Black, J Campbell, R D Larson, C J Ade
The primary aim of the present study was to determine the impact of acute changes in shear rate patterns, in particular retrograde shear rate, on microvascular function in 15 healthy, young men and women as determined via the post-occlusive near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) microvascular reactivity response. Microvascular reactivity, via NIRS-derived measurements of post-occlusion tissue saturation index (TSI%) and total microvascular hemoglobin+myoglobin concentration ([Hb]total), were assessed in each participant before and immediately after exposure to a 30min retrograde shear treatment...
October 31, 2017: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078905/sphingosine-rescues-aged-mice-from-pulmonary-pseudomonas-infection
#19
Teresa C Rice, Amanda M Pugh, Aaron P Seitz, Erich Gulbins, Vanessa Nomellini, Charles C Caldwell
BACKGROUND: Bacterial lung infection is a leading cause of death for those 65 y or older, often requiring intensive care unit admission and mechanical ventilation, which consumes considerable health care resources. Although administration of antibiotics is the standard of care for bacterial pneumonia, its overuse has led to the emergence of multidrug resistant organisms. Therefore, alternative strategies to help minimize the effects of bacterial pneumonia in the elderly are necessary...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078420/helicase-sprnting-through-the-nanopore
#20
Colleen C Caldwell, Maria Spies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
keyword
keyword
12016
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"