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Hospital-associated infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222843/association-of-california-mastitis-test-scores-with-intramammary-infection-status-in-lactating-dairy-cows-admitted-to-a-veterinary-teaching-hospital
#1
S A Kandeel, D E Morin, C D Calloway, P D Constable
BACKGROUND: Subclinical mastitis is of concern in veterinary hospitals because contagious mastitis pathogens might be unknowingly transmitted to susceptible cows and then back to their farm of origin. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the California mastitis test (CMT) as an indicator of intramammary infection (IMI) in lactating dairy cows admitted to a veterinary hospital. ANIMALS: A total of 139 admissions of 128 lactating dairy cows admitted to the University of Illinois Veterinary Teaching Hospital over a 2-year period...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222712/categorization-and-association-analysis-of-risk-factors-for-adverse-drug-events
#2
REVIEW
Lina Zhou, Anamika Paul Rupa
PURPOSE: Adverse drug events (ADE) are among the leading causes of morbidity and hospitalization. This review analyzes risk factors for ADE, particularly their categorizations and association patterns, the prevalence, severity, and preventability of ADE, and method characteristics of reviewed studies. METHODS: Literature search was conducted via PubMed, Science Direct, CINAHL, and MEDLINE. A review was conducted of research articles that reported original data about specific risk factors for ADE since 2000...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222105/the-emergency-medical-service-microbiome
#3
Andrew J Hudson, Graeme D Glaister, Hans-Joachim Wieden
Emergency medical services (EMS) personnel are an integral component of the healthcare framework and function to transport patients from various locations to and between care facilities. In addition to physical injury, EMS personnel are expected to be at high risk to acquire and transmit healthcare associated infections (HAIs) in the workplace. However, currently little is known about EMS biosafety risk factors and the epidemiological contribution of EMS to pathogen transmission within and outside of the healthcare sector...
December 8, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222036/central-and-peripheral-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-australian-neonatal-and-paediatric-intensive-care-units-findings-from-a-comprehensive-victorian-surveillance-network-2008-2016
#4
L J Worth, A J Daley, T Spelman, A L Bull, J A Brett, M J Richards
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections in neonatal and paediatric populations are associated with poorer outcomes and healthcare costs, and surveillance is a necessary component of prevention programs. The objective of this study was to evaluate burden of illness, aetiology, and time-trends for central and peripheral line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI and PLABSI) in Australian neonatal and paediatric intensive care units (ICUs) between 1 July 2008 and 31 December 2016...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222035/carriage-of-esbl-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-french-hospitals-the-portablse-study
#5
B Pilmis, V Cattoir, D Lecointe, A Limelette, I Grall, A Mizrahi, G Marcade, I Poilane, T Guillard, N Bourgeois Nicolaos, J-R Zahar, A Le Monnier
BACKGROUND: Currently, contact precautions are recommended for patients colonized or infected with extended spectrum beta-lactamase producing enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE). Recent studies have challenged this strategy. This study aimed to assess the rate of ESBL-PE faecal carriage among hospitalized patients according to type of hospital ward, and to identify risk factors associated with carriage. METHODS: We conducted a point prevalence study in five different types of hospital wards (medical, surgical, intensive care unit (ICU), after care and rehabilitation and geriatric) in 8 French hospitals...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221479/in-screw-polymethylmethacrylate-augmented-sacroiliac-screw-for-the-treatment-of-fragility-fractures-of-the-pelvis-a-prospective-observational-study-with-1-year-follow-up
#6
Andreas Höch, Philipp Pieroh, Ralf Henkelmann, Christoph Josten, Jörg Böhme
BACKGROUND: The incidence of pelvic ring fractures in the elderly significantly increased. Because of persistent pain and immobilization associated with this injury, surgical treatment is recommended. To minimise comorbidities and surgical risk, percutaneous techniques are becoming more relevant. In-screw cement augmentation of sacroiliac screw fixation is a promising procedure; however, clinical follow-up data remain scarce. This study investigated the safety and possible complications of the procedure along with a 1-year follow-up...
December 8, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221439/catheter-related-blood-stream-infections-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Stephanie Thompson, Natasha Wiebe, Scott Klarenbach, Rick Pelletier, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, John S Gill, Braden J Manns, Marcello Tonelli
BACKGROUND: For people requiring hemodialysis, infectious mortality is independently associated with geographic distance from a nephrologist. We aimed to determine if differential management of catheter-related blood stream infections (CRBSIs) could explain poorer outcomes. METHODS: We prospectively collected data from adults initiating hemodialysis with a central venous catheter between 2005 and 2015 in Alberta, Canada. We collected indicators of CRBSI management (timely catheter removal, relapsing bacteremia); frequency of CRBSIs; hospitalizations; predictors of CRBSIs, and bacteremia...
December 8, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221111/nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-risk-prediction-via-salivary-detection-of-host-and-epstein-barr-virus-genetic-variants
#8
Qian Cui, Fu-Tuo Feng, Miao Xu, Wen-Sheng Liu, You-Yuan Yao, Shang-Hang Xie, Xi-Zhao Li, Zu-Lu Ye, Qi-Sheng Feng, Li-Zhen Chen, Jin-Xin Bei, Lin Feng, Qi-Hong Huang, Wei-Hua Jia, Su-Mei Cao, Ellen T Chang, Weimin Ye, Hans-Olov Adami, Yi-Xin Zeng
Genetic susceptibility and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection are important etiological factors in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). In this study, in southern China, where NPC is endemic, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the EBV-encoded RPMS1 gene (locus 155391: G > A [G155391A]) and seven host SNPs (rs1412829, rs28421666, rs2860580, rs2894207, rs31489, rs6774494, and rs9510787) were confirmed to be significantly associated with NPC risk in 50 NPC cases versus 54 hospital-based controls with throat washing specimens and 1925 NPC cases versus 1947 hospital-based controls with buffy coat samples, respectively...
November 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220120/efavirenz-is-related-to-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-among-adults-but-not-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-kilimanjaro-tanzania
#9
Marion Sumari-de Boer, Arnt Schellekens, Ashanti Duinmaijer, Julieth Munisi Lalashowi, Happiness Judical Swai, Quirijn de Mast, Andre van der Ven, Grace Kinabo
OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationship between Efavirenz (EFV) and neuropsychiatric symptoms among adults and adolescents living with HIV in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. METHODS: Cross-sectional study among HIV-infected adults (age 18-65) and adolescents (age 12-17) on ART, attending Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre (KCMC), Moshi, Tanzania. Neuropsychiatric symptoms were measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) and the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)...
December 8, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219900/diagnostic-challenges-in-nocardia-keratitis
#10
Joséphine Behaegel, Sorcha Ní Dhubhghaill, Carina Koppen
OBJECTIVE: To present a case of diagnostic confusion in Nocardia keratitis in a contact lens wearer and to illustrate the characteristic clinical findings of this rare entity. METHODS: Case report of Nocardia keratitis that was mistaken for acanthamoeba, herpetic, and fungal keratitis in three tertiary corneal referral centers before the correct diagnosis of Nocardia infection was made. RESULTS: A 29-year-old contact lens wearer was referred to our hospital for a contact lens-associated bacterial keratitis, not improving under standard bacterial treatment...
December 5, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218687/decline-in-allogeneic-blood-transfusion-usage-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-patients-national-inpatient-sample-2009-to-2013
#11
Chukwuweike U Gwam, Jaydev B Mistry, Jennifer I Etcheson, Nicole E George, Grayson P Connors, Melbin Thomas, Hephzibah Adamu, Nirav G Patel, Ronald E Delanois
INTRODUCTION: Although total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an effective treatment for end-stage arthritis, it is also associated with substantial blood loss that may require allogeneic blood transfusion. However, these transfusions may increase the risk of certain complications. The purpose of our study is to evaluate: (i) the incidence/trends of allogeneic blood transfusion; (ii) the associated risk factors and adverse events; and (iii) the discharge disposition, length of stay (LOS), and costs for these patients between 2009 and 2013...
December 6, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218671/robotic-versus-laparoscopic-right-colectomy-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Leonardo Solaini, Francesca Bazzocchi, Davide Cavaliere, Andrea Avanzolini, Alessandro Cucchetti, Giorgio Ercolani
BACKGROUND: In the right colon surgery, there is a growing literature comparing the safety of robotic right colectomy (RRC) to that of laparoscopic right colectomy (LRC). With this paper we aim to systematically revise and meta-analyze the latest comparative studies on these two minimally invasive procedures. METHODS: A systematic review of studies published from 2000 to 2017 in the PubMed, Scopus, and Embase databases was performed. Primary endpoints were postoperative morbidity and mortality...
December 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218468/prediction-of-unfavorable-outcomes-in-cryptococcal-meningitis-results-of-the-multicenter-infectious-diseases-international-research-initiative-id-iri-cryptococcal-meningitis-study
#13
I N Hakyemez, H Erdem, G Beraud, M Lurdes, A Silva-Pinto, C Alexandru, B Bishop, F Mangani, X Argemi, M Poinot, R Hasbun, M Akcaer, S Alp, T Demirdal, K Angamuthu, F Amer, E Ragab, G A Shehata, D Ozturk-Engin, N Ozgunes, L Larsen, S Zimmerli, O R Sipahi, E Tukenmez Tigen, G Celebi, N Oztoprak, A C Yardimci, Y Cag
Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) is mostly seen in immunocompromised patients, particularly human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients, but CM may also occur in apparently immunocompetent individuals. Outcome analyses have been performed in such patients but, due to the high prevalence of HIV infection worldwide, CM patients today may be admitted to hospitals with unknown HIV status, particularly in underdeveloped countries. The objective of this multicenter study was to analyze all types of CM cases in an aggregate cohort to disclose unfavorable outcomes...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217943/intestinal-parasitosis-and-their-associated-factors-among-people-living-with-hiv-at-university-of-gondar-hospital-northwest-ethiopia
#14
Tegegne Eshetu, Getinet Sibhatu, Mohammed Megiso, Abrham Abere, Habtamu Wondifraw Baynes, Belete Biadgo, Ayalew Jejaw Zeleke
Background: Most HIV clients die of AIDS related intestinal parasitic infections rather than due to the HIV infection itself. Therefore, this study was aimed at determining the prevalence of intestinal parasite and their associated factors among HIV/AIDS clients at the University of Gondar Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia. Methods: Institution based cross sectional study was conducted using systematic random sampling technique from March to May 2016. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data...
July 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217941/intestinal-obstruction-in-early-neonatal-period-a-3-year-review-of-admitted-cases-from-a-tertiary-hospital-in-ethiopia
#15
Mustefa Mohammed, Tadesse Amezene, Moges Tamirat
Background: Failure to pass meconium by a full-term neonate within the first 24 hours should raise a suspicion of bowel obstruction. The objective of this study was to determine pattern of presentation, diagnosis and outcome of management of intestinal obstruction in the early neonatal period in the Neonatal Care Unit of Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: Retrospective chart review of admitted cases from January 2011 to December 2013 was done...
July 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217927/magnitude-and-factors-associated-with-post-cesarean-surgical-site-infection-at-hawassa-university-teaching-and-referral-hospital-southern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Samuel Wodajo, Mehretu Belayneh, Samson Gebremedhin
Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) after cesarean section (CS) increases maternal morbidity, hospital stay and medical cost. However, in Ethiopia, limited evidence exists regarding the magnitude and risk factors of post-CS wound infection. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of - and factors associated with the problem among mothers who gave birth in Hawassa University Teaching and Referral Hospital, Southern Ethiopia. Methods: Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted based on the medical records of 592 women who underwent CS from June 2012 to May 2013...
May 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217278/colistin-exposure-as-a-risk-factor-for-infections-caused-by-inherently-colistin-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-a-case-control-study
#17
G Drozdinsky, H Ben-Zvi, S Kushnir, L Leibovici, D Yahav
OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological studies have suggested an association between increased colistin use and selection for inherently colistin resistant Enterobacteriaceae (ICRE). We aimed to evaluate whether colistin exposure is a risk factor for ICRE infection. METHODS: A matched 1:1 case-control study including patients recently hospitalized for >=14 days with ICRE infection as cases matched with similar patients with a clinical isolate of a colistin susceptible Enterobacteriaceae as controls was performed...
December 4, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217204/appropriateness-and-complications-of-peripheral-venous-catheters-placed-in-an-emergency-department
#18
Bertrand Guihard, Fanny Rouyer, David Serrano, Jérôme Sudrial, Xavier Combes
BACKGROUND: The insertion of peripheral venous catheters (PVCs) is the invasive procedure most frequently performed in hospitals, and it could be associated with complications. The appropriateness of PVC placement, however, has not been carefully analyzed. OBJECTIVES: We conducted a study to assess the rate of PVC placement in our Emergency Department (ED), their use, their immediate or potential usefulness, and their complications. METHODS: In this descriptive prospective study, we recorded every PVC placed in our ED during 1 week and assessed its appropriateness in terms of its use and potential usefulness...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217093/risk-factors-for-the-appearance-of-secondary-foci-of-infection-in-children-with-community-acquired-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteraemia-cohort-study-2010-2016
#19
M Guadalupe Perez, Soledad Martiren, Florencia Escarra, Vanesa Reijtman, Alejandra Mastroianni, Ana Varela-Baino, Carola Cedillo, M Eva Garcia, Moira Taicz, Rosa Bologna
INTRODUCTION: Community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus (SA) bacteraemia is a common cause of hospitalisation in children. The occurrence of secondary foci (SF) of SA infection is associated with higher morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for SF of infection in children with community-acquired SA bacteraemia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective cohort. All children aged from 30 days to 16 years admitted to a paediatric referral hospital between January 2010 and December 2016 for community-acquired infections, with SA isolated in blood cultures, were included...
December 4, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216954/-advances-in-risk-factors-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-carbapenemases-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-infection-or-colonization-and-its-treatment-strategies
#20
Liang Wu, Jiawei Ying, Zhenhong Jiang, Shu Lei, Jiannong Wu, Dandan Feng, Lingcong Wang
Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemases-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPC-Kp) has caused a global public health crisis, and the severity of its infection is associated with high mortality in hospitalized patients. Therefore, the KPC-Kp prevention methods and the corresponding treatment strategy exploration are imminent. The risk factors and the treatment progress of KPC-Kp colonization or infection are reviewed in this paper to explore corresponding preventive measures and treatment strategies for clinical prevention and treatment...
December 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
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