keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hospital-associated infection

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471024/in-situ-antimicrobial-behavior-of-materials-having-copper-based-additives-in-a-hospital-environment
#1
Humberto Palza, Mauricio Nuñez, Roberto Bastías, Katherine Delgado
Copper and its alloys are recognized as effective antimicrobial surface materials at the laboratory scale as well as in clinical trials. Copper has been used in the healthcare setting to reduce environmental contamination and thus prevent healthcare-associated infections, complementing traditional protocols. The addition of copper nanoparticles to polymer/plastic matrices can also produce antimicrobial materials as confirmed under laboratory conditions. However, there is a lack of studies validating the antimicrobial behavior of these nanocomposite materials in clinical trials...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470531/epidemiology-and-risk-factors-of-extensively-drug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-infections
#2
Nattawan Palavutitotai, Anupop Jitmuang, Sasima Tongsai, Pattarachai Kiratisin, Nasikarn Angkasekwinai
BACKGROUND: The incidence of nosocomial infections from extensively drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (XDR-PA) has been increasing worldwide. We investigated the prevalence and factors associated with XDR-PA infections, including the factors that predict mortality. METHODS: We retrospectively studied a cohort of adult, hospitalized patients with P. aeruginosa (PA) infections between April and December 2014. RESULTS: Of the 255 patients with PA infections, 56 (22%) were due to XDR-PA, 32 (12...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470530/effectiveness-of-health-education-intervention-in-improving-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-regarding-tuberculosis-among-hiv-patients-in-general-hospital-minna-nigeria-a-randomized-control-trial
#3
Chindo Ibrahim Bisallah, Lekhraj Rampal, Munn-Sann Lye, Sherina Mohd Sidik, Normala Ibrahim, Zubairu Iliyasu, Michael Ochigbo Onyilo
INTRODUCTION: The risk of development of active TB in HIV-infected individuals is 20-37 times higher than those that are HIV negative. Poor knowledge of TB amongst people living with HIV has been associated with high transmission. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of a new health education intervention module in improving knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding tuberculosis among HIV patients in General Hospital Minna, Nigeria. METHODS: A randomized control trial was carried out from July 2015 to June 2017...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470180/opioid-abuse-or-dependence-increases-30-day-readmission-rates-after-major-operating-room-procedures-a-national-readmissions-database-study
#4
Atul Gupta, Junaid Nizamuddin, Dalia Elmofty, Sarah L Nizamuddin, Avery Tung, Mohammed Minhaj, Ariel Mueller, Jeffrey Apfelbaum, Sajid Shahul
BACKGROUND: Although opioids remain the standard therapy for the treatment of postoperative pain, the prevalence of opioid misuse is rising. The extent to which opioid abuse or dependence affects readmission rates and healthcare utilization is not fully understood. It was hypothesized that surgical patients with a history of opioid abuse or dependence would have higher readmission rates and healthcare utilization. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis was performed of patients undergoing major operating room procedures in 2013 and 2014 using the National Readmission Database...
February 22, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469037/hepatitis-e-virus-genotype-1-cases-imported-to-portugal-from-india-2016
#5
João R Mesquita, Madalena Almeida-Santos, Maria Fernandes, Fernando Maltez, Sara Lino, Liliana Alves, Joana Abreu-Silva, Ricardo M S Oliveira, Martin D Curran, Maria S J Nascimento
Hepatitis E in industrialized countries is mainly associated with genotype 3 hepatitis E virus (HEV) and normally causes a sporadic self-limiting disease in immunocompetent individuals. Unlike genotype 3, genotypes 1 and 2 circulate in developing countries, produce severe disease and occur in the epidemic form. Hepatitis E occurring in travellers returning from endemic areas in developing countries is not a novel epidemiological occurrence, however the vast majority of cases remain to be genetically studied...
March 1, 2018: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468069/utility-of-sofa-score-management-and-outcomes-of-sepsis-in-southeast-asia-a-multinational-multicenter-prospective-observational-study
#6
Khie Chen Lie, Chuen-Yen Lau, Nguyen Van Vinh Chau, T Eoin West, Direk Limmathurotsakul
Background: Sepsis is a global threat but insufficiently studied in Southeast Asia. The objective was to evaluate management, outcomes, adherence to sepsis bundles, and mortality prediction of maximum Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores in patients with community-acquired sepsis in Southeast Asia. Methods: We prospectively recruited hospitalized adults within 24 h of admission with community-acquired infection at nine public hospitals in Indonesia ( n  = 3), Thailand ( n  = 3), and Vietnam ( n  = 3)...
2018: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467579/viral-and-bacterial-etiologies-of-acute-respiratory-infections-among-children-under-5-years-in-senegal
#7
Dieng Assane, Camara Makhtar, Diop Abdoulaye, Fall Amary, Boiro Djibril, Diop Amadou, Diouf Jean Baptiste Niokhor, Diop Amadou, Loucoubar Cheikh, Dia Ndongo, Niang Mbayame, Fall Lamine, Boye Cheikh Saad Bouh
Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are the leading cause of infectious disease-related morbidity, hospitalization, and morbidity among children worldwide. This study aimed to assess the viral and bacterial causes of ARI morbidity and mortality in children under 5 years in Senegal. Nasopharyngeal samples were collected from children under 5 years who had ARI. Viruses and bacteria were identified using multiplex real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and conventional biochemical techniques, respectively...
2018: Microbiology Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466953/the-association-between-community-associated-staphylococcus-aureus-colonization-and-disease-a-meta-analysis
#8
Marina W Kim, Ben K Greenfield, Robert E Snyder, Craig M Steinmaus, Lee W Riley
BACKGROUND: Colonization with Staphylococcus aureus is a well-defined risk factor for disease in hospitals, which can range from minor skin infections to severe, systemic diseases. However, the generalizability of this finding has not been thoroughly investigated outside of the hospital environment. We aimed to assess the role of S. aureus colonization as a risk factor for disease in the community. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of observational studies and searched PubMed for articles published between December 1979 and May 23, 2016...
February 21, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466931/comparative-in-vitro-activity-of-ceftaroline-and-comparator-agents-against-nosocomial-gram-negative-and-gram-positive-clinically-significant-bacterial-isolates-from-patients-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-kuwait
#9
Wafaa Jamal, Hayfaa Abdulkareem, Vincent O Rotimi
The objective was to test the in vitro activities of ceftaroline and comparator agents against clinical isolates of Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. Isolates were identified with VITEK II. Susceptibility testing was with E test. A total of 1264 isolates were tested. Compared to other cephalosporins, ceftaroline demonstrated excellent in vitro activities (MIC90 , ≤0.5 mg/L) against Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp. and Haemophilus influenzae. When matched with the comparator cephalosporins, ceftaroline demonstrated the greatest activity against methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), with MIC90 of 0...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466680/cytokine-responses-to-rhinovirus-and-development-of-asthma-allergic-sensitization-and-respiratory-infections-during-childhood
#10
Adnan Custovic, Danielle Belgrave, Lijing Lin, Eteri Bakhsoliani, Aurica G Telcian, Roberto Solari, Clare S Murray, Ross P Walton, John Curtin, Michael R Edwards, Angela Simpson, Magnus Rattray, Sebastian L Johnston
BACKGROUND: Immunophenotypes of anti-viral responses, and their relationship with asthma, allergy and lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) are poorly understood. We characterized multiple cytokine responses of peripheral-blood mononuclear cells to rhinovirus stimulation, and their relationship with clinical outcomes. METHODS: In a population-based birth cohort, we measured 28 cytokines post-stimulation with rhinovirus-16 in 307 children aged 11 years. We used machine learning to identify patterns of cytokine responses, and related these patterns to clinical outcomes using longitudinal models...
February 21, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466526/-spatial-distribution-of-hospital-discharges-of-cases-of-viral-infection-from-mosquito-bites-in-mexico-in-the-period-2004-2014
#11
José Luis Manzanares
OBJECTIVE: Determine the spatial distribution of hospital discharges of viral fever caused by mosquito bites in Mexico and characterize its historical trend in the period 2004-2014. METHODS: An exploratory cross-sectional inferential analysis was performed. The primary data were obtained from the hospital discharge registries of the National Health Information System (SINAIS) for the period 2004-2014. In order to identify clusters of reported cases, indicators of geographical association were estimated and risk areas established on the basis of environmental determinants validated with estimated relative concentration measurements...
February 19, 2018: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466457/far-uvc-light-prevents-mrsa-infection-of-superficial-wounds-in-vivo
#12
Brian Ponnaiya, Manuela Buonanno, David Welch, Igor Shuryak, Gerhard Randers-Pehrson, David J Brenner
BACKGROUND: Prevention of superficial surgical wound infections from drug-resistant bacteria such as methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) currently present major health care challenges. The majority of surgical site infections (SSI) are believed to be caused by airborne transmission of bacteria alighting onto the wound during surgical procedures. We have previously shown that far-ultraviolet C light in the wavelength range of 207-222 nm is significantly harmful to bacteria, but without damaging mammalian cells and tissues...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466424/anterior-segment-and-external-ocular-disorders-associated-with-hiv-infections-in-the-era-of-haart-in-chiang-mai-university-hospital-a-prospective-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#13
Tassapol Singalavanija, Somsanguan Ausayakhun, Chulaluck Tangmonkongvoragul
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) causes impairment to the human immune system which leads to immunocompromised conditions, including ocular complications. Several important HIV-associated disorders may involve the anterior segment, ocular surface, and adnexae organ such as dry eye, blepharitis which reduce quality of life of patients. In present, potent antiretroviral therapies HAART (highly active antiretroviral therapy) has improved the length and quality of life which may lead to an increased prevalence of anterior segment ocular disorders...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465698/enhanced-molecular-typing-of-treponema-pallidum-subsp-pallidum-strains-from-four-italian-hospitals-shows-geographical-differences-in-strain-type-heterogeneity-widespread-resistance-to-macrolides-and-lack-of-mutations-associated-with-doxycycline-resistance
#14
Lorenzo Giacani, Giulia Ciccarese, Christian Puga-Salazar, Ivano Dal Conte, Laura Colli, Marco Cusini, Stefano Ramoni, Sergio Delmonte, Antonietta D'Antuono, Valeria Gaspari, Francesco Drago
BACKGROUND: Although syphilis rates have been relatively high in Italy for over 15 years, no data on the molecular types of Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum (T. pallidum) circulating in this country are yet available. Likewise, no data exist on how widespread is resistance to macrolide or tetracycline antibiotics in these strains. Such data would however promote comprehensive studies on the molecular epidemiology of syphilis infections in Italy and inform future interventions aiming at syphilis control in this and other European countries...
October 10, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465589/high-dose-tigecycline-for-the-treatment-of-nosocomial-carbapenem-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-bloodstream-infections-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Ting-Ting Geng, Xin Xu, Man Huang
Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) bloodstream infection (BSI) has become increasingly frequent threat recently, especially in the intensive care unit (ICU). High-dose tigecycline (TGC) regimen is proposed due to the limitation of treatment options. We investigated the efficacy and safety of high-dose TGC combination regimens for treating CRKP BSI. Furthermore, the risk factors for mortality were also determined.This was a single center retrospective cohort study conducted from 2014 to 2016. A total of 40 patients with nosocomial CRKP BSI admitted to the ICU were included; they were classified into two groups according to the treatment regimens with high-dose TGC (HD group) or not (non-HD group)...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465295/predicting-complicated-outcomes-in-spinal-cord-injury-patients-with-urinary-tract-infection-development-and-internal-validation-of-a-risk-model
#16
Sheng Si, Yan Yan, Brian M Fuller, Stephen Y Liang
CONTEXT/OBJECTIVE: Patients with chronic SCI hospitalized for UTI can have significant morbidity. It is unclear whether SIRS criteria, SOFA score, or quick SOFA score can be used to predict complicated outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. A risk prediction model was developed and internally validated using bootstrapping methodology. SETTING: Urban, academic hospital in St. Louis, Missouri. PARTICIPANTS: 402 hospitalizations for UTI between October 1, 2010 and September 30, 2015, arising from 164 patients with chronic SCI, were included in the final analysis...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465148/antibiotic-resistance-and-frequency-of-class-1-integrons-among-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolates-obtained-from-wastewaters-of-a-burn-center-in-northern-iran
#17
M Ebrahimpour, I Nikokar, Y Ghasemi, H Sedigh Ebrahim-Saraie, A Araghian, M Farahbakhsh, F Ghassabi
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, being responsible of a broad variety of infections, is considered an important nosocomial pathogen. The emergence of multiple-drug resistance among strains of P. aeruginosa appeared as a further public health concern. Due to the considerable ability of multiple-drug resistant P. aeruginosa strains to transmit themselves in the environment, we aimed to investigate the association of class 1 integrons with the antibiotic resistance profile of P. aeruginosa strains isolated from hospital wastewaters...
March 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464969/clostridioides-clostridium-difficile-infection-current-and-alternative-therapeutic-strategies
#18
Fernando Gil, Iván L Calderón, Juan A Fuentes, Daniel Paredes-Sabja
Clostridioides difficile (C. difficile) has become a pathogen of worldwide importance considering that epidemic strains are disseminated in hospitals of several countries, where community-acquired infections act as a constant source of new C. difficile strains into hospitals. Despite the advances in the treatment of infections, more effective therapies against C. difficile are needed but, at the same time, these therapies should be less harmful to the resident gastrointestinal microbiota. The purpose of this review is to present a description of issues associated to C...
February 21, 2018: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464834/increasing-incidence-of-hiv-associated-tuberculosis-in-romanian-injecting-drug-users
#19
C Oprea, I Ianache, P I Calistru, M Nica, S Ruta, C Smith, M Lipman
BACKGROUND: A high prevalence of tuberculosis (TB) among HIV-positive injecting drug users (IDUs) may fuel the TB epidemic in the general population of Romania. We determined the frequency and characteristics of TB in HIV-infected IDUs referred to a national centre. METHODS: Prospective observational cohort study of all newly-diagnosed HIV-positive IDUs admitted to Victor Babes Hospital, Bucharest, between January 2009 and December 2014. Socio-demographics, clinical characteristics and outcomes of HIV/TB co-infected IDUs were compared to HIV-positive IDUs without TB...
February 21, 2018: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464765/delay-of-alternative-antiviral-therapy-and-poor-outcomes-of-acyclovir-resistant-herpes-simplex-virus-infections-in-recipients-of-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplant
#20
Ella J Ariza-Heredia, Roy F Chemaly, Lokesh R Shahani, Ying Jang, Richard Champlin, Victor E Mulanovich
Acyclovir is commonly used to prevent and treat herpes simplex virus (HSV) reactivation after hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT), and only few reports have been published on acyclovir-resistant HSV in HCT recipients. We reviewed the medical records of patients with a microbiologic diagnosis of acyclovir-resistant HSV by plaque reduction test who received an HCT from 2002 through 2014. A total of 4028 HCTs were performed during the study period, and 18 of the recipients met the diagnostic criteria for acyclovir-resistant HSV...
February 21, 2018: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
keyword
keyword
120156
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"