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XinxinYang, Yumei Li, Hongmei Gao, Chuying Wang, Xiaohuan Zhang, Hongli Zhou
In this study, we reported the one-step synthesis of chitosan-Fe(OH)3 beads without the use of acid solvent, which could be used as effective adsorbents for anionic dyes removal. The preparation process was easy and green. The as-prepared beads were characterized for structural and morphological analysis in detail using several techniques, such as Scanning Electron Microscope, Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, X-Ray Diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Thermogravimetric analysis. The content of Fe(OH)3 in chitosan-Fe(OH)3 beads was 54...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Yanlian Xiong, Yanlei Xiong, Yueming Wang, Yajin Zhao, Yaojin Li, Yang Ren, Ruofeng Wang, Mingzi Zhao, Yitong Hao, Haibei Liu, Xiang Wang
The aim of the present study is to explore the effect of exhaustive running exercise (ERE) in the oxygen release capacity of rat erythrocytes. Rats were divided into sedentary control (C), moderate running exercise (MRE) and exhaustive running exercise groups. The thermodynamics and kinetics properties of the erythrocyte oxygen release process of different groups were tested. We also determined the degree of band-3 oxidative and phosphorylation, anion transport activity and carbonic anhydrase isoform II(CAII) activity...
May 24, 2018: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Lukasz Mendecki, Katherine A Mirica
This paper describes an unexplored property of conductive metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) as ion-to-electron transducers in the context of potentiometric detection. Several conductive two-dimensional MOF analogues were drop-cast onto a glassy carbon electrode and then covered with an ion-selective membrane to form a potentiometric sensor. The resulting devices exhibited excellent sensing properties toward anions and cations, characterized by a near-Nernstian response and over 4 orders of magnitude linear range...
May 24, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Stanislav Jelavić, A Rath Nielsen, S L S Stipp, N Bovet
The interfacial free energy of a solid, which determines its adsorption properties, depends on interactions between the surface and the fluid. A change in surface composition can completely change the behaviour of the solid. Decades of work have explored adsorption and its effects at solid-fluid interfaces from the macroscopic perspective and using molecular modelling so the concept of the electric double layer (EDL) is well established in the community. However, direct, molecular level, experimental observations of the composition within the interface region, and its change with time and conditions, is not abundant...
May 23, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Sabine Wagner, Carlos Zapata, Wei Wan, Kornelia Gawlitza, Marcus Weber, Knut Rurack
Small-molecule oxoanions are often imprinted noncovalently as carboxylates into molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs), requiring the use of an organic counterion. Popular species are either pentamethylpiperidine (PMP) as a protonatable cation or tetraalkylammonium (TXA) ions as permanent cations. The present work explores the influence of the TXA as a function of their alkyl chain length, from methyl to octyl, using UV/vis absorption, fluorescence titrations and HPLC, as well as MD simulations. Protected phenylalanines (Z-L/D-Phe) served as templates/analytes...
May 23, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Sorana Ciura, Masha Prager-Khoutorsky, Zahra S Thirouin, Joshua C Wyrosdic, James E Olson, Wolfgang Liedtke, Charles W Bourque
The maintenance of hydromineral homeostasis requires bidirectional detection of changes in extracellular fluid osmolality by primary osmosensory neurons (ONs) in the organum vasculosum laminae terminalis (OVLT). Hypertonicity excites ONs in part through the mechanical activation of a variant transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 channel (dn-Trpv1). However, the mechanism by which local hypotonicity inhibits ONs in the OVLT remains unknown. Here, we show that hypotonicity can reduce the basal activity of dn-Trpv1 channels and hyperpolarize acutely isolated ONs...
May 22, 2018: Cell Reports
Jan Haša, Jaroslav Hanuš, Frantisek Stepanek
A colloidal system able to act as a miniature reactor for on-demand release of reactive payloads has been demonstrated. The system is based on sub-micrometers aggregates consisting of anionic liposomes that act as storage reservoirs for the reactants, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) that enable magnetic positioning in space and controlled release of reactants from the liposomes by radiofrequency stimulation, and an oppositely charged polyelectrolyte (poly-L-lysine) that keeps the constituent elements within the aggregates at a defined ratio...
May 23, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Roopa Venkataraj, Arindam Sarkar, C P Girijavallabhan, P Radhakrishnan, V P N Nampoori, M Kailasnath
The present work describes an energy-transfer-based fluoride sensor using the highly photo-stable Coumarin 540a (C540a)-Rhodamine 6g (Rh6g) dye pair. Rh6g exhibits a decrease in fluorescence emission, whereas C540a shows no change in response to fluoride. The increase in fluoride concentration decreases the energy transfer efficiency between the C540a donor and Rh6g acceptor in acetonitrile, leading to a subsequent recovery of fluorescence emission from C540a molecules. The sensing mechanism using fluorescence resonance energy transfer is found to be highly specific towards fluoride detection when compared to the response towards other anions...
May 20, 2018: Applied Optics
Suguna Perumal, Atchudan Raji, In Woo Cheong
Measurement of the interaction force between two materials provides important information on various properties, such as adsorption, binding or compatibility for coatings, adhesion, and composites. The interaction forces of zwitterionic and ionic monomers with graphite platelets (G) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) surfaces were systematically investigated using atomic force microscopy (AFM) in air and water. The monomers examined were 2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl 2-(trimethylammonio)ethyl phosphate (MPC), [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]dimethyl-(3-sulfopropyl)ammonium hydroxide (SBE), [2-(acryloyloxy)ethyl]trimethylammonium chloride (ATC), and 2-methyl-2-propene-1-sulfonic acid sodium (MSS)...
May 23, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Carolyn E Mills, Zachary Michaud, Bradley D Olsen
Self-assembly of protein-polymer bioconjugates presents an elegant strategy for controlling nanostructure and orientation of globular proteins in functional materials. Recent work has shown that genetic fusion of globular protein mCherry to an elastin-like polypeptide (ELP) yields similar self-assembly behavior to these protein-polymer bioconjugates. In the context of studying protein-polymer bioconjugate self-assembly, the mutability of the ELP sequence allows several different properties of the ELP block to be tuned orthogonally while maintaining consistent polypeptide backbone chemistry...
May 23, 2018: Biomacromolecules
Liping Yang, Maomao Wang, Paul M Slattum, Benjamin R Bunes, Yuanhao Wang, Chuanyi Wang, Ling Zang
Perylene tetracarboxylic diimide (PTCDI) derivatives have been extensively studied for one-dimensional self-assembled systems and for applications in photocatalysis. Herein, we constructed a PTCDI-based donor-acceptor (D-A) supramolecular system via in situ self-assembly on an indium tin oxide (ITO) conductive glass surface. The self-assembled PTCDI nanostructures exhibit well-defined nanofibril morphologies and strong photocurrents. Interestingly, a strong and reversible electrochromic color change was observed during cyclic voltammetry (CV)...
May 23, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Vanina Netti, Alejandro Pizzoni, Martha Peréz-Domínguez, Paula Ford, Herminia Pasantes-Morales, Gerardo Ramos-Mandujano, Claudia Capurro
Neuronal activity in the retina generates osmotic gradients that lead to Müller cell swelling, followed by a regulatory volume decrease (RVD) response, partially due to the isoosmotic efflux of KCl and water. However, our previous studies in a human Müller cell line (MIO-M1) demonstrated that an important fraction of RVD may also involve the efflux of organic solutes. We also showed that RVD depends on the swelling-induced Ca2+ release from intracellular stores. Here we investigate the contribution of Taurine (Tau) and Glutamate (Glu), the most relevant amino acids in Müller cells, to RVD through the volume-regulated anion channel (VRAC), as well as their Ca2+ -dependency in MIO-M1 cells...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
L Li, H Wang, L Hu, X Wu, B Zhao, Z Fan, C Zhang, J Wang, S Wang
Aging salivary glands are characterized by a reduced volume of acini, increased duct volume, decline in the rate of synthesis of proteins and their mRNA, and decreased saliva flow. Sialin is a versatile anion transporter that is highly expressed in salivary glands and may also participate in maintenance of salivary gland function. We investigated age-associated sialin expression in salivary glands. Submandibular glands of mice and human parotid gland were collected at different ages. Western blot and real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction were used to analyze the protein and mRNA expression levels of sialin, respectively...
May 23, 2018: Biotechnic & Histochemistry: Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission
Shunsuke Kaname, Yohei Haketa, Nobuhiro Yasuda, Hiromitsu Maeda
Preorganized structures suitable for anion binding were prepared by introducing dipyrrolyldiketone BF2 complexes as acyclic anion-responsive π-electronic molecules into macrocycles. Pyrrole-inverted conformations, which typically present low stability in the case of acyclic derivatives, were obtained by covalent linkages through ring-closing olefin metathesis, exhibiting extremely high affinity for different anions.
May 23, 2018: Organic Letters
Eshani Das, Shyam Basak, Anakuthil Anoop, Amit Basak
The regioselectivity in addition of nucleophiles to the p-benzyne intermediates derived from unsymmetrical aza- substituted enediynes via Bergman Cyclization was studied. Computational studies [using UB3LYP/6-31G(d,p) level of theory] suggest that the p-benzyne intermediate retains its similar electrophilic character at the two radical centres even under unsymmetrical electronic perturbation, thus supporting the predicted model of nucleophilic addition to p- benzyne proposed by Perrin and O'Connor (JACS 2007) and later by Alabugin et al...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Tamal Kanti Ghosh, Pradyut Ghosh
Two new RuII-based bis-heteroleptic ditopic receptors 1[PF6]2 (C44H34F12N10OP2Ru) and 2[PF6]2 (C40H27F17N10OP2Ru), decorated with a 1-naphthyl and pentafluorophenyl urea pendant arm, respectively, along with the previously reported 3[PF6]2 (C40H31F13N10OP2Ru), containing a pendant 4-fluorophenyl urea unit and 4[PF6]2, devoid of a pendant urea arm, have been studied to establish the role of urea proton acidity on the sensing and extraction of oxyanions in the presence of triazole C-H as an additional hydrogen bonding motif...
May 23, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Sarah H Hewitt, Stephen J Butler
Enzymes play critical roles in the regulation of cellular function and are implicated in numerous disease conditions. Reliable and practicable assays are required to study enzyme activity, to facilitate the discovery of inhibitors and activators of enzymes related to disease. In recent years, a variety of enzyme assays have been devised that utilise luminescent lanthanide(iii) complexes, taking advantage of their high detection sensitivities, long luminescence lifetimes, and line-like emission spectra that permit ratiometric and time-resolved analyses...
May 23, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Steven C Erwin, John L Lyons
Atomistic control over the growth of semiconductor thin films, such as aluminum nitride, is a long-sought goal in materials physics. One promising approach is plasma-assisted atomic layer epitaxy, in which separate reactant precursors are employed to grow the cation and anion layers in alternating deposition steps. The use of a plasma during the growth---most often a hydrogen plasma---is now routine and generally considered critical, but the precise role of the plasma is not well understood. We propose a theoretical atomistic model and elucidate its consequences using analytical rate equations, density-functional theory, and kinetic Monte Carlo statistical simulations...
May 23, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Bin Zhao, Huan-Cheng Hu
A new concept for constructing metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) based on multicentre-bonded [MI]8 (M = Mn, Zn) clusters with cubic aromaticity is discussed. In principle, intermolecular/intramolecular hydrogen-bonding, π***π stacking, coordinated covalent bonding and ionic bonding usually account for the structures of MOFs, and multicentered bonds generally exist in cation, anion, neutral and zwitterionic radicals, while rarely appear in MOFs. Meanwhile, aromaticity became one of the most vexing yet fascinating key concepts in chemistry since the proposition of the structure of benzene molecule in 1865...
May 23, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Patrick Laurén, Heli Paukkonen, Tiina Lipiäinen, Yujiao Dong, Timo Oksanen, Heikki Räikkönen, Henrik Ehlers, Päivi Laaksonen, Marjo Yliperttula, Timo Laaksonen
PURPOSE: Bioadhesion is an important property of biological membranes, that can be utilized in pharmaceutical and biomedical applications. In this study, we have fabricated mucoadhesive drug releasing films with bio-based, non-toxic and biodegradable polymers that do not require chemical modifications. METHODS: Nanofibrillar cellulose and anionic type nanofibrillar cellulose were used as film forming materials with known mucoadhesive components mucin, pectin and chitosan as functional bioadhesion enhancers...
May 22, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
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