keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pregnancy loss

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721634/minimally-invasive-abdominal-cerclage-compared-to-laparotomy-a-comparison-of-surgical-and-obstetric-outcomes
#1
Soorin Kim, Amanda Hill, Gulden Menderes, Sarah Cross, Masoud Azodi, Mert Ozan Bahtiyar
The objective of this study is to report surgical and obstetric outcomes of patients following abdominal cerclage placement through either minimally invasive or open techniques. Subjects of this retrospective cohort study were patients at two referral centers specializing in high-risk pregnancy and minimally invasive gynecologic surgery. Electronic medical records of all patients who underwent abdominal cerclage placement between December 2011 and December 2015 at Yale New Haven Hospital and Bridgeport Hospital were reviewed...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718529/dna-fragmentation-in-spermatozoa-a-historical-review
#2
REVIEW
A S Rex, J Aagaard, J Fedder
Sperm DNA Fragmentation has been extensively studied for more than a decade. In the 1940s the uniqueness of the spermatozoa protein complex which stabilizes the DNA was discovered. In the fifties and sixties, the association between unstable chromatin structure and subfertility was investigated. In the seventies, the impact of induced DNA damage was investigated. In the 1980s the concept of sperm DNA fragmentation as related to infertility was introduced as well as the first DNA fragmentation test: the Sperm Chromatin Structure Assay (SCSA)...
July 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718242/ectopic-pregnancy-with-tubal-rupture-an-analysis-of-80-cases
#3
Sana Ashfaq, Sadia Sultan, Safia Aziz, Marium Mohammed Irfan, Miray Hasan, Afshan Siddique
BACKGROUND: Ectopic pregnancy (EP) is a major problem in obstetrics as there is evidence of increasing incidence throughout the world. It is an important cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. In Pakistan, the care seeking behaviour among female is limited that makes female vulnerable to die due to complication of ectopic pregnancy. The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of tubal rupture in ectopic pregnancy in Pakistani patients. METHODS: In this crosssectional study data pertaining to age, gestational age, parity and duration of presenting symptoms were collected and analysed...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713290/advanced-maternal-age-worsens-postpartum-vascular-function
#4
Jude S Morton, Alison S Care, Raven Kirschenman, Christy-Lynn Cooke, Sandra T Davidge
The age at which women experience their first pregnancy has increased throughout the decades. Pregnancy has an important influence on maternal short- and long-term cardiovascular outcomes. Pregnancy at an advanced maternal age increases maternal risk of gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, placenta previa and caesarian delivery; complications which predict worsened cardiovascular health in later years. Aging also independently increases the risk of cardiovascular disease; therefore, combined risk in women of advanced maternal age may lead to detrimental cardiovascular outcomes later in life...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713150/a-jehovah-s-witness-adolescent-in-the-labor-and-delivery-unit-should-patient-and-parental-refusals-of-blood-transfusions-for-adolescents-be-honored
#5
Johan Christiaan Bester, Martin Smith, Cynthia Griggins
A 15-year-old was admitted to the labor and delivery unit for induction of a 41-week-gestation pregnancy. Her parents, members of Jehovah's Witnesses, and the patient, who had been studying the religion but had not yet been baptized, were adamant that no blood transfusions would be accepted even if a life-threatening hemorrhage were to occur. In our analysis, we examine the underlying ethical conflict and issues raised by this case. We considered two important ethical questions in analyzing the dilemma: first, whether adolescents are capable of providing autonomous and authentic refusals for lifesaving interventions; and second, whether parents can refuse such interventions for their adolescent children based on their religious beliefs...
2017: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711076/pregnancy-in-renal-transplant-recipients-and-donors
#6
Kate Bramham
Women with renal transplants have restoration of fertility with improved kidney function; however, pregnancy rates in renal transplant recipients appear to be lower than the general population, which might be influenced by patient choice. Women with renal transplants need to evaluate potential neonatal outcomes, graft outcomes, and risks to their own health to make informed decisions about conception. Pregnancy should be carefully planned in renal transplant recipients to reduce risk for graft loss, optimize pregnancy outcomes, and ensure immunosuppression regimes are nonteratogenic...
July 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711071/fertility-contraception-and-novel-reproductive-technologies-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#7
Sofia B Ahmed, Wendy S Vitek, Jean L Holley
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis function, leading to menstrual abnormalities, sexual dysfunction, functional menopause, and loss of fertility. Pregnancy in a patient with CKD is associated with a higher risk of complications to both the mother and the fetus, highlighting the importance of contraceptive counseling at all stages of CKD. There has been limited research on the safety and efficacy of different contraceptive methods in the CKD population, and it is important to tailor the choice of contraception to the patient's lifestyle and comorbidity status...
July 2017: Seminars in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709848/hydrogen-sulfide-alleviates-placental-injury-induced-by-maternal-cigarette-smoke-exposure-during-pregnancy-in-rats
#8
Fusheng Zhao, Fang Lei, Senfeng Zhang, Xiang Yan, Wen Wang, Yu Zheng
Maternal cigarette smoke exposure (CSE) during pregnancy is a well recognized causative factor for placental injury. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), a gaseous signal molecule, has been shown to exert a protective effect against tissue injury in many organs. This study aimed to investigate whether H2S could alleviate CSE-induced placental injury in rats. Pregnant SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: NaCl, CSE, CSE + NaHS (a donor of H2S) and NaHS. On gestational day 21, placental weight was measured. Placental H2S content was assessed by methylene blue method...
July 11, 2017: Nitric Oxide: Biology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708531/relationships-among-early-postpartum-luteal-activity-parity-and-insemination-outcomes-based-on-in-line-milk-progesterone-profiles-in-canadian-holstein-cows
#9
Tony C Bruinjé, Marcos G Colazo, Mohanathas Gobikrushanth, Divakar J Ambrose
The objectives of this retrospective study were to use in-line milk progesterone (mP4) data to investigate relationships of (1) commencement of luteal activity (CLA), and (2) luteal phase (LP) length and frequency preceding first postpartum AI, with parity and AI outcomes in Canadian Holstein cows. Starting 21 ± 1 days postpartum (DPP), levels of mP4 were assessed every 2.2 ± 2.0 d through an automated in-line milk analysis system (Herd Navigator™, DeLaval International, Tumba, Sweden) until ∼55 d after first or second AI in 748 Holstein cows from two herds...
May 27, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708529/maternal-and-non-maternal-factors-associated-with-late-embryonic-and-early-fetal-losses-in-dairy-cows
#10
Hany Abdalla, Adel Elghafghuf, Ibrahim Elsohaby, Mohammed A F Nasr
Defining factors associated with embryonic and/or fetal losses will be helpful in overcoming such problem, either by adjusting conditions or applying therapeutic approaches to high-risk cows. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between a number of maternal and non-maternal factors and the risk of late embryonic (LED) and early fetal death (EFD) in dairy herds. Additionally, we investigated the effect of treating pregnant cows either with GnRH on day 26 post-insemination, or GnRH on day 26 plus CIDR insertion between days 26 and 33 post-insemination, on the risk of LED/EFD...
April 4, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707148/chemokine-c-c-motif-ligand-2-ccl2-and-oxidative-stress-markers-in-recurrent-pregnancy-loss-and-repeated-implantation-failure
#11
Müberra Namlı Kalem, Nilufer Akgun, Ziya Kalem, Batuhan Bakirarar, Tugrul Celik
PURPOSE: The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the inflammatory response and oxidative stress together in the cases of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) and repeated implantation failure (RIF). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted to compare infertile patients who have RIF and patients with RPL histories in terms of CCL2, TAS, TOS, and OSI. To this end, two study groups were formed by primary-infertile women with RIF history and women with nulliparous RPL history who consulted a university hospital between 2014 and 2016, and a control group was formed by multiparous women who had no pregnancy loss...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705751/single-port-laparoscopy-versus-conventional-laparoscopy-in-benign-adnexal-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Andy Schmitt, Patrice Crochet, Sophie Knight, Claire Tourette, Anderson Loundou, Aubert Agostini
Single port laparoscopy (SPL) was developed approximately thirty years ago in minimally invasive surgery. Literature comparing SPL to conventional laparoscopy (CL) for adnexal surgery (cystectomy, adnexectomy) is inconsistent. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the advantage of SPL over CL for adnexal surgery. Pubmed, Embase and Medline were searched for publications in English and in French published between 1975 and November 2015 using the following key words: (((single port) or (single site) or (one port) or (single-port access laparoscopy) or (single-site laparoscopy) or (laparoscopic single site surgery)) and ((adnexal disease) or (ovarian cystectomy) or (ovariectomy) or (adnexectomy))) not (pregnancy)...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705424/post-implantation-development-reveals-that-biopsy-procedure-can-segregate-healthy-from-unhealthy-bovine-embryos-and-prevent-miscarriages
#13
Clara Slade Oliveira, Carolina Capobiango Romano Quintão, Celio de Freitas, Agostinho Jorge Dos Reis Camargo, Raquel Varella Serapião, Luiz Sérgio de Almeida Camargo
Embryo biopsy has been performed in bovine in vivo produced embryos for the last twenty years, but little could be done with few embryonic cells in the past. Recently, advances in single cell analysis enabled a wide range of applications using embryo biopsy, from morphology to genetics analysis and different omics-techniques, which are promising for in vitro-fertilized (IVF) embryos. The aim of this study was to address if biopsy procedure would affect post implantation development of IVF blastocyts. Here we show that blastocyst stage do not affect re-expansion of biopsied embryos (regular blastocyst: 73...
June 29, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705036/pregnancy-outcomes-among-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-retrospective-cohort-study-from-thailand
#14
S Phansenee, R Sekararithi, P Jatavan, T Tongsong
Objective The objective of this paper is to compare adverse pregnancy outcomes between normal pregnancies and pregnancies with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), particularly focusing on uncomplicated SLE with remission. Methods A retrospective cohort study was conducted by accessing the Maternal-Fetal Medicine (MFM) Unit database and the full medical records of the women. The records of singleton pregnancies with SLE and no underlying disease were assigned as the study group and their medical records were reviewed...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704412/synthetic-preimplantation-factor-pif-prevents-fetal-loss-by-modulating-lps-induced-inflammatory-response
#15
Nicoletta Di Simone, Fiorella Di Nicuolo, Riccardo Marana, Roberta Castellani, Francesco Ria, Manuela Veglia, Giovanni Scambia, Daniel Surbek, Eytan Barnea, Martin Mueller
Maternal control of inflammation is essential during pregnancy and an exaggerated response is one of the underlying causes of fetal loss. Inflammatory response is mediated by multiple factors and Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are central. Activation of TLRs results in NALP-3 mediated assembly of apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC) and caspase-1 into the inflammasome and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-18. Given that preventing measures are lacking, we investigated PreImplantation Factor (PIF) as therapeutic option as PIF modulates Inflammation in pregnancy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697395/vaginal-cervico-isthmic-cerclage-versus-mcdonald-cerclage-in-women-with-a-previous-failure-of-prophylactic-cerclage-a-retrospective-study
#16
Capmas Perrine, Letendre Irène, Leray Camille, Deffieux Xavier, Duminil Laura, Subtil Damien, Fernandez Hervé
AIM: Compare preterm births before 30 weeks of gestation in women with a previous failed McDonald cerclage that benefit from another McDonald cerclage (or simplified Shirodkar cerclage) or a vaginal cervico-isthmic cerclage. METHODS: Women with a cerclage performed at the end of the first trimester of a singleton pregnancy with a previous failed prophylactic McDonald cerclage were included in this mutlicenric study involving four teaching hospitals. Comparisons between groups were done using a chi square test and a student t-test...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696810/mitochondrial-dna-variations-are-associated-with-recurrent-pregnancy-loss
#17
Ali Azadi, Dong Joo Seo, Hannaneh Jafari Sasansara, Michael Van Haute
Cases with three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions before the 20th week of gestation are termed as recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Problems in implantation of the foetus and any retarded growth of the foetus in the uterus can be correlated to RPL. Possible causes of RPL would include the genetic variations in the regulatory enzymes of the crucial metabolic pathways, clotting factors, hormones and hormone receptors. This defect of the mitochondrial respiratory chain is recognized as a major cause of human disease...
July 11, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696385/body-shape-and-weight-loss-as-motivators-for-breastfeeding-initiation-and-continuation
#18
Sophie C Schalla, Gemma L Witcomb, Emma Haycraft
Breastfeeding rates in the UK are low. Efforts to promote breastfeeding typically include the known health benefits for mother and child, many of which are not immediate. Gaining immediate benefits can be effective motivators of behaviour. Body-related changes resulting from breastfeeding could be an immediate benefit. This study explored breastfeeding mothers' reports of body-related changes as benefits of breastfeeding. Mothers (N = 182) who currently, or had recently, breastfed an infant completed a survey detailing their infant feeding choices and the perceived benefits of breastfeeding on their bodies...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693346/cytomegalovirus-cmv-infection-and-pregnancy-potential-for-improvements-in-australasian-maternity-health-providers-knowledge
#19
A W Shand, W Luk, N Nassar, L Hui, K Dyer, W Rawlinson
PURPOSE: To assess the knowledge, practice and attitudes of maternity clinicians regarding congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV). It is the most common congenital infection, and well-recognized cause of neurodevelopmental disability and hearing loss. New consensus recommendations state all pregnant women and health-care providers should be educated about congenital CMV infection and preventive measures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An email questionnaire was distributed in October 2015 to specialists, diplomates (general practitioners), and trainees of the Royal Australian New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RANZCOG), and Victorian and New South Wales midwives...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693296/mineralized-deposits-in-the-uterus-of-a-pig-without-pregnancy-loss
#20
Geon A Kim, Jun-Xue Jin, Anukul Taweechaipaisankul, Sanghoon Lee, Byung Il Yoon, Jongki Cho, Byeong Chun Lee
We reported a case of uterine calcification in the uterus of a pig without pregnancy loss. The recipient underwent cloned embryo transfer and the Cesarean section for safe delivery of cloned piglets. During the Cesarean section, 4 white, starlike, 2 x 2 x 2 cm, calcified structures were found within the endometrial cavity. Despite dystrophic calcification around placenta, healthy cloned piglets were produced successfully. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of dystrophic calcification occurring within the uterus in a pregnant pig...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
keyword
keyword
12015
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"