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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728205/-predictability-of-postoperative-pain-and-satisfaction-how-precise-are-we-and-what-is-the-role-of-professional-experience
#1
Ulf Krister Hofmann, Cosima Dobler, Marco Gesicki, Torsten Kluba, Sebastian Scheidt
Background The indication for surgery is justified by an expected improvement for the patient. To evaluate the probability and extent of individual postoperative patient benefit, the surgeon needs to elaborate numerous parameters of potential relevance for the outcome beyond his key competence, that is the technical dimension of the operation. Despite the highest medical standards, individual postoperative satisfaction with surgery is highly variable, even in cases with a technically good result. The aim of the present study was to investigate the individual predictability of postoperative pain and satisfaction in patients with elective musculoskeletal surgery...
July 20, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728162/realistic-lenalidomide-dose-adjustment-strategy-for-transplant-ineligible-elderly-patients-with-relapsed-refractory-multiple-myeloma-japanese-real-world-experience
#2
Aya Nakaya, Shinya Fujita, Atsushi Satake, Takahisa Nakanishi, Yoshiko Azuma, Yukie Tsubokura, Masaaki Hotta, Hideaki Yoshimura, Kazuyoshi Ishii, Tomoki Ito, Shosaku Nomura
Lenalidomide is an immunomodulatory drug administered orally in the treatment of multiple myeloma. Some elderly patients require a reduced lenalidomide dose because of comorbidities and/or adverse events. This study investigated the actual dose of lenalidomide in elderly patients, finding that most received reduced (5-10 mg) doses. The most common reasons for dose reduction were renal dysfunction (54% of patients), fatigue (grade ≥3; 20%), hematologic disorder (grade ≥3; 14%), and rash (grade ≥3; 9%)...
July 21, 2017: Acta Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728141/estimates-of-soil-ingestion-in-a-population-of-chinese-children
#3
Chunye Lin, Beibei Wang, Xiaoyong Cui, Dongqun Xu, Hongguang Cheng, Qin Wang, Jin Ma, Tuanyao Chai, Xiaoli Duan, Xitao Liu, Junwei Ma, Xuan Zhang, Yanzhong Liu
BACKGROUND: China's soil pollution poses serious health risks. However, data regarding the soil ingestion rate (SIR) of the Chinese population, which is critical to assessing associated health risks, are lacking. OBJECTIVES: We estimated soil ingestion of 177 Chinese children from Guangdong, Hubei, and Gansu Provinces. METHODS: We conducted this investigation by employing a tracer mass-balance method. We collected a duplicate of all food consumed and all feces and urine excreted on 1 d () and over 3 consecutive d (), as well as soil samples from play areas and drinking-water samples...
July 5, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727783/the-impact-of-local-government-investment-on-the-carbon-emissions-reduction-effect-an-empirical-analysis-of-panel-data-from-30-provinces-and-municipalities-in-china
#4
Lingyun He, Fang Yin, Zhangqi Zhong, Zhihua Ding
Among studies of the factors that influence carbon emissions and related regulations, economic aggregates, industrial structures, energy structures, population levels, and energy prices have been extensively explored, whereas studies from the perspective of fiscal leverage, particularly of local government investment (LGI), are rare. Of the limited number of studies on the effect of LGI on carbon emissions, most focus on its direct effect. Few studies consider regulatory effects, and there is a lack of emphasis on local areas...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727781/escherichia-coli-mastitis-strains-in-vitro-phenotypes-and-severity-of-infection-in-vivo
#5
Perrine Roussel, Adeline Porcherie, Maryline Répérant-Ferter, Patricia Cunha, Christophe Gitton, Pascal Rainard, Pierre Germon
Mastitis remains a major infection of dairy cows and an important issue for dairy farmers and the dairy industry, in particular infections due to Escherichia coli strains. So far, properties specific to E. coli causing mastitis remain ill defined. In an attempt to better understand the properties required for E. coli to trigger mastitis, we used a range of in vitro assays to phenotypically characterize four E. coli strains, including the prototypical E. coli mastitis strain P4, possessing different relative abilities to cause mastitis in a mouse model...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727388/lysozyme-gene-treatment-in-testosterone-induced-benign-prostate-hyperplasia-rat-model-and-comparasion-of-its-effectiveness-with-botulinum-toxin-injection
#6
Osman Ergün, Pinar Aslan Koşar, İbrahim Onaran, Hakan Darici, Alim Koşar
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects and histopathological changes of botulinum neurotoxin type A and lysozyme gene injections into prostate tissue within a testosterone induced benign prostate hyperplasia rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 40 male Wistar rats were randomized into four Groups. Group-1: Control, Group-2: Testosterone replacement, Group-3: Testosterone+botulinum neurotoxin type A, Group-4: Testosterone+plazmid DNA/liposome complex. RESULTS: Estimated prostate volume of the testosterone injected Groups were higher than the control (p <0...
July 20, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727175/the-cost-of-treating-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-the-uk-a-national-survey-of-hospital-resource-use
#7
K K Dhatariya, C Skedgel, R Fordham
AIM: Diabetic ketoacidosis is a commonly encountered metabolic emergency. In 2014, a national survey was conducted looking at the management of diabetic ketoacidosis in adult patients across the UK. The survey reported the clinical management of individual patients as well as institutional factors that teams felt were important in helping to deliver that care. However, the costs of treating diabetic ketoacidosis were not reported. METHODS: We used a 'bottom up' approach to cost analysis to determine the total expense associated with treating diabetic ketoacidosis in a mixed population sample...
July 20, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727059/dynamics-of-nitrogen-retention-at-two-feeding-levels-in-gestating-parity-2-and-3-sows
#8
E G Miller, C L Levesque, N L Trottier, C F M de Lange
Parity-2 ( = 39) and -3 ( = 28; same sows from parity-2 sows) Yorkshire sows were used to measure whole body protein deposition (Pd) during gestation (maternal and pregnancy-associated) at 2 feeding levels to test the hypothesis that the pattern of whole body and maternal Pd during gestation does not differ when feeding either 15% above or 15% below estimated ME requirements, both exceeding AA requirements. Initial BW and backfat (BF) at d 26 ± 0.3 of gestation were 195.4 ± 5.2 kg and 15.1 ± 0.5 mm, and 223...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726868/raman-spectroscopy-for-cancer-detection-and-cancer-surgery-guidance-translation-to-the-clinics
#9
REVIEW
Inês P Santos, Elisa M Barroso, Tom C Bakker Schut, Peter J Caspers, Cornelia G F van Lanschot, Da-Hye Choi, Martine F van der Kamp, Roeland W H Smits, Remco van Doorn, Rob M Verdijk, Vincent Noordhoek Hegt, Jan H von der Thüsen, Carolien H M van Deurzen, Linetta B Koppert, Geert J L H van Leenders, Patricia C Ewing-Graham, Helena C van Doorn, Clemens M F Dirven, Martijn B Busstra, Jose Hardillo, Aniel Sewnaik, Ivo Ten Hove, Hetty Mast, Dominiek A Monserez, Cees Meeuwis, Tamar Nijsten, Eppo B Wolvius, Robert J Baatenburg de Jong, Gerwin J Puppels, Senada Koljenović
Oncological applications of Raman spectroscopy have been contemplated, pursued, and developed at academic level for at least 25 years. Published studies aim to detect pre-malignant lesions, detect cancer in less invasive stages, reduce the number of unnecessary biopsies and guide surgery towards the complete removal of the tumour with adequate tumour resection margins. This review summarizes actual clinical needs in oncology that can be addressed by spontaneous Raman spectroscopy and it provides an overview over the results that have been published between 2007 and 2017...
July 20, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726738/scheduling-for-emergency-tasks-in-industrial-wireless-sensor-networks
#10
Changqing Xia, Xi Jin, Linghe Kong, Peng Zeng
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are widely applied in industrial manufacturing systems. By means of centralized control, the real-time requirement and reliability can be provided by WSNs in industrial production. Furthermore, many approaches reserve resources for situations in which the controller cannot perform centralized resource allocation. The controller assigns these resources as it becomes aware of when and where accidents have occurred. However, the reserved resources are limited, and such incidents are low-probability events...
July 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726691/an-exploratory-study-of-the-effects-of-stormwater-pipeline-materials-on-transported-stormwater-quality
#11
Matthias Borris, Heléne Österlund, Jiri Marsalek, Maria Viklander
Implications of three sewer pipe materials (concrete, galvanized corrugated steel, and polyvinyl chloride (PVC)) for stormwater quality were explored in laboratory experiments, in which three types of stormwater, SW1-SW3, were circulated in 0.5 m long sewer pipe sections. SW1 and SW2 represented synthetic rainwater, without and with fine street sediment added (CTSS = 150 mg/L), respectively, and SW3 was actual stormwater with the same sediment addition as SW2. Following 20-min runs, with an equivalent distance of 500 m travelled by water particles, a number of statistically significant changes in the stormwater chemistry were observed: (i) pH of all the simulated stormwaters increased in the concrete pipe (from 7...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726571/primary-blast-causes-delayed-effects-without-cell-death-in-shell-encased-brain-cell-aggregates
#12
Thomas Sawyer, Yushan Wang, David V Ritzel, Tyson Josey, Mercy Villanueva, Cory Vair, Yanfeng Song, Yimin Shei, Steven Parks, Peggy Nelson, Grant Hennes, Lori McLaws, Changyan Fan
Previous work used underwater explosive exposures to isolate the effects of shock-induced principle stress without shear on rat brain aggregate cultures. This current study has utilized simulated air blast to expose aggregates in suspension and enclosed within a spherical shell, enabling the examination of a much more complex biomechanical insult. Culture medium-filled spheres were exposed to single pulse overpressures of 15-30 psi (6-7 msec duration) and measurements within the sphere at defined sites showed complex and spatially dependent pressure changes...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726508/optimizing-mri-logistics-prospective-analysis-of-performance-efficiency-and-patient-throughput
#13
Kevin Beker, Alejandro Garces-Descovich, Jason Mangosing, Ines Cabral-Goncalves, Donna Hallett, Koenraad J Mortele
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to optimize MRI logistics through evaluation of MRI workflow and analysis of performance, efficiency, and patient throughput in a tertiary care academic center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: For 2 weeks, workflow data from two outpatient MRI scanners were prospectively collected and stratified by value added to the process (i.e., value-added time, business value-added time, or non-value-added time). Two separate time cycles were measured: the actual MRI process cycle as well as the complete length of patient stay in the department...
July 20, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726481/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-online-modular-active-learning-training-program-for-behavioral-activation-for-depression
#14
Ajeng J Puspitasari, Jonathan W Kanter, Andrew M Busch, Rachel Leonard, Shira Dunsiger, Shawn Cahill, Christopher Martell, Kelly Koerner
OBJECTIVE: This randomized-controlled trial assessed the efficacy of a trainer-led, active-learning, modular, online behavioral activation (BA) training program compared with a self-paced online BA training with the same modular content. METHOD: Seventy-seven graduate students (M = 30.3 years, SD = 6.09; 76.6% female) in mental health training programs were randomly assigned to receive either the trainer-led or self-paced BA training. Both trainings consisted of 4 weekly sessions covering 4 core BA strategies...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726479/motivational-interviewing-and-the-clinical-science-of-carl-rogers
#15
William R Miller, Theresa B Moyers
The clinical method of motivational interviewing (MI) evolved from the person-centered approach of Carl Rogers, maintaining his pioneering commitment to the scientific study of therapeutic processes and outcomes. The development of MI pertains to all 3 of the 125th anniversary themes explored in this special issue. Applications of MI have spread far beyond clinical psychology into fields including health care, rehabilitation, public health, social work, dentistry, corrections, coaching, and education, directly impacting the lives of many people...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726475/perceived-physical-activity-and-mortality-evidence-from-three-nationally-representative-u-s-samples
#16
Octavia H Zahrt, Alia J Crum
OBJECTIVE: This research sought to examine the relationship of individuals' perceptions about their level of physical activity with mortality outcomes at the population level. METHOD: This study used 3 nationally representative samples with a total sample size of 61,141 U.S. adults (weighted N = 476 million). Data from the 1990 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and the 1999-2002/2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were linked to prospective National Death Index mortality data through 2011, yielding follow-up periods of up to 21 years...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726439/a-stability-bias-effect-among-deceivers
#17
Adam Charles Harvey, Aldert Vrij, Lorraine Hope, Sharon Leal, Samantha Mann
Research examining how truth tellers' and liars' verbal behavior is attenuated as a function of delay is largely absent from the literature, despite its important applied value. We examined this factor across 2 studies in which we examined the effects of a hypothetical delay (Experiment 1) or actual delay (Experiment 2) on liars' accounts. In Experiment 1-an insurance claim interview setting-claimants either genuinely experienced a (staged) loss of a tablet device (n = 40) or pretended to have experienced the same loss (n = 40)...
July 20, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726388/detection-of-pesticide-residues-in-food-using-surface-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy-a-review
#18
Menglei Xu, Yu Gao, Xiao Xia Han, Bing Zhao
Pesticides directly pollute the environment and contaminate foods ultimately being absorbed by the human body. Their residues contain highly toxic substances that have been found to cause serious problems to human health even at very low concentrations. The gold standard method, gas/liquid chromatography combined with mass spectroscopy, has been widely used for the detection of pesticide residues. However, these methods have some drawbacks such as complicated pre-treatment and cleanup steps. Recent technological advancements of surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) has promoted the creation of alternative detection techniques...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726327/changing-metrics-of-organ-procurement-organization-performance-in-order-to-increase-organ-donation-rates-in-the-united-states
#19
D Goldberg, M J Kallan, L Fu, M Ciccarone, J Ramirez, P Rosenberg, J Arnold, G Segal, K P Moritsugu, H Nathan, R Hasz, P L Abt
The shortage of deceased-donor organs is compounded by donation metrics that fail to account for the total pool of possible donors, leading to ambiguous donor statistics. We sought to assess potential metrics of organ procurement organizations (OPOs) utilizing data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2009-2012 and State Inpatient Databases (SIDs) from 2008-2014. A possible donor was defined as a ventilated inpatient death ≤75 years of age, without multi-organ system failure, sepsis, or cancer, whose cause of death was consistent with organ donation...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726213/how-mechanisms-explain-interfield-cooperation-biological-chemical-study-of-plant-growth-hormones-in-utrecht-and-pasadena-1930-1938
#20
Caterina Schürch
This article examines to what extent a particular case of cross-disciplinary research in the 1930s was structured by mechanistic reasoning. For this purpose, it identifies the interfield theories that allowed biologists and chemists to use each other's techniques and findings, and that provided the basis for the experiments performed to identify plant growth hormones and to learn more about their role in the mechanism of plant growth. In 1930, chemists and biologists in Utrecht and Pasadena began to cooperatively study plant growth...
September 2017: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
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