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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151255/weight-disorders-in-short-children
#1
Paweł Tomaszewski, Anna Majcher, Katarzyna Milde, Romuald Stupnicki
This study aimed to determine the degree of adiposity and prevalence of weight disorders in short children and to assess relationships between selected birth parameters and actual body fat content and body mass indicators. The study encompassed 85 girls and 97 boys, aged 7-14 years, with height below the 10th centile of the age and sex standard. In addition, 609 normal-height children (height between 25th and 75th centile) served as a comparison group. The children underwent measurements of body mass and height, skinfold thickness, and waist circumference...
November 19, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151252/dominant-c3-glomerulopathy-new-roles-for-an-old-actor-in-renal-pathology
#2
REVIEW
Nicola Pirozzi, Antonella Stoppacciaro, Paolo Menè
Recently, a number of reports have described dominant C3 deposits in renal biopsies of patients with infection-related glomerulonephritis (GN). While acute post-infectious GN and membranoproliferative GN are commonly characterized by immune deposits containing C3 and/or C4, the absence of immunoglobulin (Ig) and/or immune complexes at light or electron microscopy is a rather unusual observation. Dominant C3 deposition is believed to result from the alternative pathway of complement activation via the C3bBb "tickover" convertase...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151184/analysis-of-an-optimal-public-transport-structure-under-a-carbon-emission-constraint-a-case-study-in-shanghai-china
#3
Linling Zhang, Ruyin Long, Hong Chen, Tong Yang
Along with the rapid development of the transportation industry, the problems of the energy crisis and transport emissions have become increasingly serious. The success of traffic emission reduction is related to the realization of global low-carbon goals. Placing priority on public transport is the internationally recognized traffic development model. This paper takes Shanghai, China, as an example to examine the optimal public transport structure. Five factors were selected from personal and public perspectives, including travel costs, crowding degree, occupied area, traffic emissions, and operating subsidies...
November 18, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151123/a-coxsackievirus-b-vaccine-protects-against-virus-induced-diabetes-in-an-experimental-mouse-model-of-type-1-diabetes
#4
Virginia M Stone, Minna M Hankaniemi, Emma Svedin, Amirbabak Sioofy-Khojine, Sami Oikarinen, Heikki Hyöty, Olli H Laitinen, Vesa P Hytönen, Malin Flodström-Tullberg
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Epidemiological studies suggest a role for Coxsackievirus B (CVB) serotypes in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes, but their actual contribution remains elusive. In the present study, we have produced a CVB1 vaccine to test whether vaccination against CVBs can prevent virus-induced diabetes in an experimental model. METHODS: NOD and SOCS1-tg mice were vaccinated three times with either a formalin-fixed non-adjuvanted CVB1 vaccine or a buffer control...
November 18, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151014/consent-in-elective-hip-arthroplasty-what-has-changed-over-the-last-15-years
#5
Rohit Singh, George Evans, Amit Patel, Richard Jones
PURPOSE: It is regular practice that patients undergoing orthopaedic procedures particularly those related to arthroplasty are given both verbal and written information prior to their surgery. The aim of this study was to complete a 15 year audit cycle by assessing the patient understanding of the consent process in elective orthopaedic surgery following the introduction of patient information booklets, DVDs, web links, and "joint school." METHODS: 150 patients (50 patients in each cycle of the study) undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty were counselled about the audit and prospectively enrolled...
December 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150942/a-novel-epididymal-quiescence-factor-inhibits-sperm-motility-by-modulating-nos-activity-and-intracellular-no-cgmp-pathway
#6
Prasanta Ghosh, Sandipan Mukherjee, Arpita Bhoumik, Sandhya Rekha Dungdung
Mature and potentially motile spermatozoa stored in cauda epididymis in an inactive state for approximately 30 days; however during ejaculation they regain motility. To understand the actual molecular mechanism of the sperm quiescence during caudal stay, a proteinaceous quiescence factor (QF) has been purified from caprine epididymal plasma to apparent homogeneity. In the present study complete purification, detailed characterization as well as mechanistic pathway of QF has been described. QF was purified to 215 fold with 45% activity recovery...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150827/implications-of-tourist-macaque-interactions-for-disease-transmission
#7
Charlotte Carne, Stuart Semple, Ann MacLarnon, Bonaventura Majolo, Laëtitia Maréchal
During wildlife tourism, proximity or actual contact between people and animals may lead to a significant risk of anthropozoonotic disease transmission. In this paper, we use social network analysis, disease simulation modelling and data on animal health and behaviour to investigate such risks at a site in Morocco, where tourists come to see wild Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus). Measures of individual macaques' network centrality-an index of the strength and distribution of their social relationships and thus potentially their ability to spread disease-did not show clear and consistent relationships with their time spent in close proximity to, or rate of interacting with, tourists...
November 17, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150758/predictors-for-achieving-adequate-protein-and-energy-intake-in-nursing-home-rehabilitation-patients
#8
J I van Zwienen-Pot, M Visser, H M Kruizenga
BACKGROUND: Adequate energy and protein intake could be essential for contributing significantly to the rehabilitations process. Data on the actual nutritional intake of older nursing home rehabilitation patients have not yet been investigated. AIMS: To investigate the nutritional intake and predictors for achieving protein and energy requirements on the 14th day of admission in nursing home rehabilitation patients. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients aged 65+ years newly admitted to nursing home rehabilitation wards were included...
November 17, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150613/a-study-of-the-ground-attachment-process-in-natural-lightning-with-emphasis-on-its-breakthrough-phase
#9
M D Tran, V A Rakov
Synchronized high-speed (124 or 210 kiloframes per second) video images and wideband electromagnetic field records of the attachment process were obtained for 4 negative strokes in natural lightning at the Lightning Observatory in Gainesville, Florida. The majority of imaged upward connecting leaders (UCLs) and upward unconnected leaders, inferred to be mostly initiated from trees, exhibited a pulsating behavior (brightening/fading cycles). UCLs, whose maximum extent ranged from 11 to 25 m, propagated in virgin air at speeds ranging from 1...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150544/estimation-of-circulating-drug-metabolite-exposure-in-human-using-in-vitro-data-and-physiologically-based-pharmacokinetic-modelling-example-of-a-high-metabolite-parent-drug-ratio
#10
R Scott Obach, Jian Lin, Emi Kimoto, Sridhar Duvvuri, Timothy Nicholas, Eugene P Kadar, Larry M Tremaine, Aarti Sawant Basak
TBPT ((R)-4-((4-(((4-((tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)oxy)benzo[d]isoxazol-3-yl)oxy)methyl)piperidin-1-yl)methyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ol), a serotonin-4 receptor partial agonist, is metabolized to two metabolites: an N-dealkylation product (M1) and a cyclized oxazolidine structure (M2). After administration to humans, the exposure to M1 was low and the exposure to M2 was high, relative to the parent drug, despite this being the opposite in vitro. In this study, projection of the plasma metabolite/parent ratios for M1 and M2 was attempted, using in vitro metabolism, binding, and permeability data in static and dynamic PBPK models...
November 17, 2017: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150193/descriptive-epidemiology-of-traumatic-spinal-injury-in-japan
#11
Mahammad Abbas Tafida, Yukiko Wagatsuma, Enbo Ma, Taro Mizutani, Toshikazu Abe
BACKGROUND: Spine injury epidemiology in Japan has not been studied since the 1990s when its incidence was 39.4-40.2 per million and the major cause of injury was motor vehicle crashes. We elucidate the current epidemiological state of spinal injury and spinal injury patients in Japan for the clinicians and public health prevention programs. METHODS: Spine injury patients were retrospectively selected from the Japan Trauma Data Bank (JTDB) from 2004 to 2013 for all ages and all spinal injuries...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150090/graph-based-representation-of-behavior-in-detection-and-prediction-of-daily-living-activities
#12
Piotr Augustyniak, Grażyna Ślusarczyk
Various surveillance systems capture signs of human activities of daily living (ADLs) and store multimodal information as time line behavioral records. In this paper, we present a novel approach to the analysis of a behavioral record used in a surveillance system designed for use in elderly smart homes. The description of a subject's activity is first decomposed into elementary poses - easily detectable by dedicated intelligent sensors - and represented by the share coefficients. Then, the activity is represented in the form of an attributed graph, where nodes correspond to elementary poses...
November 10, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149977/donor-smoking-and-older-age-increases-morbidity-and-mortality-after-lung-transplantation
#13
H H Schultz, C H Møller, M Zemtsovski, J Ravn, M Perch, T Martinussen, J Carlsen, M Iversen
BACKGROUND: The lack of lung transplant donors has necessitated the use of donors with a smoking history and donors of older age. We have evaluated the effects of donor smoking history and age on recipient morbidity and mortality with baseline values of pulmonary function and survival free of chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD) as morbidity variables. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of 588 consecutive lung transplant recipients and their corresponding 454 donors...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149960/real-renal-function-after-renal-autotransplantation-through-the-analysis-of-solitary-kidney-autotransplantation-cases
#14
J G Gwon, Y H Kim, D J Han
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies of the safety of renal autotransplantation (RAT) have been limited by a lack of evidence. Because of the influence of the opposite kidney, it is difficult to evaluate actual renal function. This study evaluated the actual results of RAT by collecting only cases involving a solitary kidney. METHODS: Between September 1, 1999, and November 30, 2015, 9 RAT procedures were performed in 9 patients with a solitary kidney. We retrospectively evaluated medical data collected prospectively...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149918/oxygen-transfer-in-moving-bed-biofilm-reactor-and-integrated-fixed-film-activated-sludge-processes
#15
(no author information available yet)
A demonstrated approach to design the, so-called, medium-bubble air diffusion network for oxygen transfer into the aerobic zone(s) of moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) and integrated fixed-film activated sludge (IFAS) processes is described in this paper. Operational full-scale biological water resource recovery systems treating municipal sewerage demonstrate that medium-bubble air diffusion networks designed using the method presented here provide reliable service. Further improvement is possible, however, as knowledge gaps prevent more rational process designs...
November 17, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149856/naukan-ethnobotany-in-post-soviet-times-lost-edibles-and-new-medicinals
#16
Kevin A Jernigan, Olga S Belichenko, Valeria B Kolosova, Darlene J Orr
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on health-related plant use among speakers of the critically endangered Naukan language (Inuit-Yupik-Unangan family) in the Russian Far East. The Naukan people were forced, in 1958, under Soviet consolidation, to move from their original settlement on Cape Dezhnev, leading to significant changes in spiritual worldview, subsistence, social structure, and language proficiency in the years that followed. Here, we focus on changes that elders report in their edible, medicinal, and spiritual uses of local plant species since their childhood...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149844/use-of-artificial-primary-teeth-for-endodontic-laboratory-research-experiments-related-to-canal-length-determination
#17
Anna Carolina V Mello-Moura, Carmela R Bresolin, Cacio Moura-Netto, André Ito, Angela T Araki, José Carlos P Imparato, Fausto M Mendes
BACKGROUND: Due to the scarcity of exfoliated/extracted human primary teeth with complete roots, artificial teeth were developed as an alternative to be used for educational and laboratory research purposes. This study aimed to assess the feasibility of using artificial primary teeth for conducting laboratory research through an experiment related to canal length determination, comparing artificial teeth with natural teeth. METHODS: Thirty anterior and 21 posterior artificial teeth, and the same number of natural primary teeth were selected...
November 17, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149684/combining-benford-s-law-and-machine-learning-to-detect-money-laundering-an-actual-spanish-court-case
#18
Elena Badal-Valero, José A Alvarez-Jareño, Jose M Pavía
OBJECTIVES: This paper is based on the analysis of the database of operations from a macro-case on money laundering orchestrated between a core company and a group of its suppliers, 26 of which had already been identified by the police as fraudulent companies. In the face of a well-founded suspicion that more companies have perpetrated criminal acts and in order to make better use of what are very limited police resources, we aim to construct a tool to detect money laundering criminals...
November 11, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149641/site-closure-management-strategies-and-the-responsiveness-of-conservation-outcomes-in-recreational-fishing
#19
Lei Gao, Atakelty Hailu
We develop and use an empirically based model, which integrates fishing behaviour and a coral reef system, to evaluate outcomes from site closure strategies to manage the effects of recreational fishing. The model is designed to estimate management effects in complex settings with two-way feedback effects (between fishing and ecosystem dynamics) as well as spillover effects where the closure of a site (or sites) leads to the redistribution of fishing effort. An iconic coral reef system is used as a case study...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149587/%C3%A2-and-the-wisdom-to-know-the-difference-scholarly-success-from-a-wisdom-perspective
#20
Judith Glück
What makes a researcher wise? At least for the field of psychology, I argue that the two main characteristics of scholarly wisdom are a desire to understand, rather than to be right, and an orientation toward ethical values. These characteristics do not necessarily produce the highest levels of academic success. Because wisdom is partly context dependent, the actual wisdom of our scientific output could be increased by making some changes to our publication and evaluation culture-changes that might benefit our field and even the world around us...
November 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
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