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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933813/facile-and-effective-coloration-of-dye-inert-carbon-fiber-fabrics-with-tunable-colours-and-excellent-laundering-durability
#1
Fengxiang Chen, Huiyu Yang, Ke Li, Bo Deng, Qingsong Li, Xin Liu, Binghai Dong, Xingfang Xiao, Dong Wang, Yong Qin, Shi-Min Wang, Ke-Qin Zhang, Weilin Xu
Carbon fiber is a good candidate in various applications, including military, structural, sports equipment, energy storage, and infrastructure. Coloring of carbon fiber has been a big challenge for decades due to their high degrees of crystallization and insufficient chemical affinity to dyes. Here, multicolored carbon fiber fabrics (CFFs) are fabricated using a feasible, effective atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique. The vibrant and uniform structural colors originate from thin film interference is simply regulated by controlling the thickness of comformal TiO2 coatings on the surface of black carbon fibers (CFs)...
September 21, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931531/clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-the-lightning-process-in-addition-to-specialist-medical-care-for-paediatric-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Esther M Crawley, Daisy M Gaunt, Kirsty Garfield, William Hollingworth, Jonathan A C Sterne, Lucy Beasant, Simon M Collin, Nicola Mills, Alan A Montgomery
OBJECTIVE: Investigate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the Lightning Process (LP) in addition to specialist medical care (SMC) compared with SMC alone, for children with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)/myalgic encephalitis (ME). DESIGN: Pragmatic randomised controlled open trial. Participants were randomly assigned to SMC or SMC+LP. Randomisation was minimised by age and gender. SETTING: Specialist paediatric CFS/ME service. PATIENTS: 12-18 year olds with mild/moderate CFS/ME...
September 20, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927554/catheter-foam-sclerotherapy-of-the-great-saphenous-vein-with-perisaphenous-tumescence-infiltration-and-saphenous-irrigation
#3
Attilio Cavezzi, Giovanni Mosti, Fausto Campana, Lorenzo Tessari, Luca Bastiani, Simone U Urso
OBJECTIVES: This was a prospective observational study to assess the short- to mid-term efficacy and safety of catheter foam sclerotherapy (CFS) of the great saphenous vein (GSV), including peri-saphenous tumescence infiltration (PST) and intra-saphenous saline irrigation (ISI), in combination with phlebectomy of the varicose tributaries. METHODS: Eighty-eight limbs in 82 patients (19 male, 63 female, mean age 55.7 years) affected by varices related to GSV incompetence were submitted to CFS of the refluxing GSV segment after PST and ISI, combined with phlebectomy of the varicose tributaries...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924506/automated-classification-of-tropical-shrub-species-a-hybrid-of-leaf-shape-and-machine-learning-approach
#4
Miraemiliana Murat, Siow-Wee Chang, Arpah Abu, Hwa Jen Yap, Kien-Thai Yong
Plants play a crucial role in foodstuff, medicine, industry, and environmental protection. The skill of recognising plants is very important in some applications, including conservation of endangered species and rehabilitation of lands after mining activities. However, it is a difficult task to identify plant species because it requires specialized knowledge. Developing an automated classification system for plant species is necessary and valuable since it can help specialists as well as the public in identifying plant species easily...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921637/to-serve-or-not-to-serve-ethical-and-policy-implications
#5
Leonard A Jason
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) is one of the nation's more influential health-related non-profit organizations. It plays a large role in shaping health policy by commissioning panels to develop "white papers" describing research and recommendations on a variety of health topics. These white paper publications are often used to help make policy decisions at the legislative and executive levels. Such a prominent institution might seem like a natural ally for policy-related collaborative efforts. As community psychologists, we strongly endorse efforts to positively influence public policy at the national level...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920705/human-endothelial-progenitor-cell-derived-exosomes-increase-proliferation-and-angiogenesis-in-cardiac-fibroblasts-by-promoting-the-mesenchymal-endothelial-transition-and-reducing-high-mobility-group-box-1-protein-b1-expression
#6
Xiao Ke, Dahao Yang, Jiawen Liang, Xing Wang, Shaoyun Wu, Xiaoqing Wang, Chengheng Hu
Myocardial fibrosis is a characteristic feature of cardiomyopathies. However, no effective strategies to attenuate cardiac fibrosis are currently available. Late-stage endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are precursors of endothelial cells (ECs) that repair the heart through a paracrine mechanism. In the present study, we tested whether EPC-derived exosomes regulate the differentiation of fibroblasts into ECs. We isolated late-stage EPCs from human peripheral blood (PB) and used immunofluorescence and flow cytometry to confirm their identity...
September 18, 2017: DNA and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918107/depression-evening-salivary-cortisol-and-inflammation-in-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-psychoneuroendocrinological-structural-regression-model
#7
Sara F Milrad, Daniel L Hall, Devika R Jutagir, Emily G Lattie, Sara J Czaja, Dolores M Perdomo, Mary Ann Fletcher, Nancy Klimas, Michael H Antoni
INTRODUCTION: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is a poorly understood illness that is characterized by diverse somatic symptoms, hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis dysfunction and heightened inflammatory indicators. These symptoms are often exacerbated and accompanied by psychological distress states and depression. Since depression is known to be associated with HPA axis dysfunction and greater inflammation, a psychoneuroendocrinological (PNE) model of inflammation was examined in persons diagnosed with CFS in order to uncover underlying biopsychosocial mechanisms in this poorly understood chronic illness...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917804/development-and-validation-of-a-maleimide-based-enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay-for-the-detection-of-tetrodotoxin-in-oysters-and-mussels
#8
Laia Reverté, Maria Rambla-Alegre, Sandra Leonardo, Carlos Bellés, Katrina Campbell, Christopher T Elliott, Arjen Gerssen, Mirjam D Klijnstra, Jorge Diogène, Mònica Campàs
The recent detection of tetrodotoxins (TTXs) in puffer fish and shellfish in Europe highlights the necessity to monitor the levels of TTXs in seafood by rapid, specific, sensitive and reliable methods in order to protect human consumers. A previous immunoassay for TTX detection in puffer fish, based on the use of self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) for the immobilization of TTX on maleimide plates (mELISA), has been modified and adapted to the analysis of oyster and mussel samples. Changing dithiol for cysteamine-based SAMs enabled reductions in the assay time and cost, while maintaining the sensitivity of the assay...
January 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917032/cfs-matlab-toolbox-an-experiment-builder-for-continuous-flash-suppression-cfs-task
#9
Mikko Nuutinen, Terhi Mustonen, Jukka Häkkinen
CFS toolbox is an open-source collection of MATLAB functions that utilizes PsychToolbox-3 (PTB-3). It is designed to allow a researcher to create and run continuous flash suppression experiments using a variety of experimental parameters (i.e., stimulus types and locations, noise characteristics, and experiment window settings). In a CFS experiment, one of the eyes at a time is presented with a dynamically changing noise pattern, while the other eye is concurrently presented with a static target stimulus, such as a Gabor patch...
September 15, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914723/inducing-somatic-symptoms-in-functional-syndrome-patients-effects-of-manipulating-state-negative-affect
#10
Maaike Van Den Houte, Katleen Bogaerts, Ilse Van Diest, Jozef De Bie, Philippe Persoons, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Omer Van den Bergh
OBJECTIVE: Induction of negative affective states can enhance bodily symptoms in high habitual symptom reporters among healthy persons, and in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. The aim of this study was to replicate this effect in patients with fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome and to investigate the role of moderators, focusing on alexithymia, negative affectivity (NA) and absorption. METHODS: Patients with fibromyalgia and/or chronic fatigue syndrome (N=81) and healthy controls (HC, N=41) viewed series of neutral, positive and negative affective pictures...
September 13, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904422/melioration-in-anti-staphylococcal-activity-of-conventional-antibiotic-s-by-organic-acids-present-in-the-cell-free-supernatant-of-lactobacillus-paraplantarum
#11
Lavanya Rishi, Garima Mittal, Rajeev Kumar Agarwal, Taruna Sharma
In view of emerging drug resistance in pathogens, there is a need to explore alternative strategies to combat infections. Use of probiotics is one such option. In this regard, efficacy of Lactobacillus plantarum has been reported against Staphylococcus aureus. Here, we propose that cell free supernatant (CFS) of Lactobacillus paraplantarum when used in combination with conventional antibiotics viz. ampicillin and oxacillin [to which the methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains were originally resistant] reduce the minimum inhibitory concentrations of these antibiotics, rendering the combination either synergistic or additive against the tested MRSA strain...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903778/jtm-advances-in-uncharted-territories-diseases-and-disorders-of-unknown-etiology
#12
EDITORIAL
Monica C Panelli
We are delighted to announce a new section in the Journal of Translational Medicine, 'Illnesses of Unknown Etiology'. This section aims to provide a translational medicine forum for the publication of research on illnesses, multisystem diseases and syndromes of unknown etiology. Examples of these include Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and Fibromyalgia Syndrome.
September 13, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902809/-peculiarities-of-secretion-of-cytokines-and-chemokines-by-human-blood-monocytes-in-atherosclerosis
#13
N G Nikiforov, V P Karagodin, N V Elizova, A N Orekhov
The study included apparently healthy people, conventionally healthy people predisposed to atherosclerosis, and as well as people with preclinical atherosclerosis (50 subjects in each group). Monocytes were isolated from whole blood and transferred to culture followed by studying pro- and anti-inflammatory activation of monocytes in response to stimulation by interferon-gamma and interleukin-4, respectively. As a marker of pro-inflammatory activation was the level of secretion of tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in the culture medium measured by means of immunoenzymatic assay...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895648/collateral-impact-a-dual-role-for-climbing-fibre-collaterals-to-the-cerebellar-nuclei
#14
Jasmine Pickford, Richard Apps
The principal source of synaptic inputs to the cerebellum arise from mossy fibres and climbing fibres (CFs). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
September 12, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889400/are-children-playgrounds-safe-play-areas-inorganic-analysis-and-lead-isotope-ratios-for-contamination-assessment-in-recreational-brazilian-parks
#15
Ainara Gredilla, Silvia Fdez-Ortiz de Vallejuelo, Leticia Gomez-Nubla, Jose Antonio Carrero, Felipe B de Leão, Juan Manuel Madariaga, Luis F O Silva
In city playgrounds, there is a potential risk of harming children's health by contamination coming from anthropogenic activities. With the aim to determinate the sources and the risk of hazardous elements, soil samples were collected in 19 selected playgrounds of different urban and rural areas from the Rio Grande do Sul state (Brazil). The concentration of 23 metals and metalloids and lead isotopic ratios were determined by ICP-MS. The methodology proposed here, firstly, classified the parks according to the average metal content by means of the NWACs (Normalized-and-Weighted Average Concentrations) and assess the contamination risk determining the Contamination Factors (CFs)...
September 9, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888842/evidence-refuting-the-existence-of-autoimmune-autoinflammatory-syndrome-induced%C3%A2-by-adjuvants-asia
#16
Rohan Ameratunga, David Gillis, Michael Gold, Allan Linneberg, J Mark Elwood
Autoimmune/autoinflammatory syndrome induced by adjuvants (ASIA) was described in 2011. Over time the condition and its triggers have broadened to include several autoimmune disorders, the macrophagic myofasciitis syndrome, the Gulf war syndrome, the sick building syndrome, siliconosis, and the chronic fatigue syndrome. The aluminum-containing adjuvants in the hepatitis B vaccine and the human papillomavirus vaccine in particular have been stated to be the major causes of the disorder. Here, we review the specificity of the diagnostic criteria for ASIA...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888692/canadian-study-of-health-and-aging-clinical-frailty-scale-does-it-predict-adverse-outcomes-among-geriatric-trauma-patients
#17
Annie Cheung, Barbara Haas, Thom J Ringer, Amanda McFarlan, Camilla L Wong
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Study of Health and Aging Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) and the laboratory Frailty Index (FI-lab) are validated tools based on clinical and laboratory data, respectively. Their utility as predictors of geriatric trauma outcomes is unknown. Our primary objective was to determine whether pre-admission CFS is associated with adverse discharge destination. Secondary objectives were to evaluate the relationships between CFS and in-hospital complications and between admission FI-lab and discharge destination...
September 6, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888004/cardiomyocyte-coculture-on-layered-fibrous-scaffolds-assembled-from-micropatterned-electrospun-mats
#18
Yaowen Liu, Guisen Xu, Jiaojun Wei, Qiang Wu, Xiaohong Li
Challenges remain in engineering cardiac tissues with functional and morphological properties similar to those of native myocardium. In the current study, micropatterned fibrous mats are obtained by deposition of electrospun fibers on lithographic collectors to reproduce the anisotropic structure of myocardium, and carbon nanotubes are included in fibers to provide conductivities at the same level of cardiac muscles. The patterned mats are assembled layer-by-layer into patterned scaffolds for coculture of primary cardiomyocytes (CMs) with cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) and endothelial cells (ECs)...
December 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887242/rapid-methods-for-routine-frailty-assessment-during-vascular-surgery-clinic-visits
#19
Luke G Mirabelli, Robert M Cosker, Larry W Kraiss, Claire L Griffin, Brigitte K Smith, Mark R Sarfati, Ragheed Al-Dulaimi, Benjamin S Brooke
BACKGROUND: Frailty assessment can help vascular surgeons predict perioperative risk and long term mortality for their patients. Unfortunately, comprehensive frailty assessments take too long to integrate into clinic workflow. This study was designed to evaluate 2 rapid methods for assessing frailty during vascular clinics-a short patient-reported survey and a provider-reported frailty scale. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 159 patients presenting to an academic medical center vascular surgery clinic between May-November 2016...
September 5, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880891/altered-right-anterior-insular-connectivity-and-loss-of-associated-functions-in-adolescent-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#20
Laura Anne Wortinger, Merete Glenne Øie, Tor Endestad, Vegard Bruun Wyller
Impairments in cognition, pain intolerance, and physical inactivity characterize adolescent chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), yet little is known about its neurobiology. The right dorsal anterior insular (dAI) connectivity of the salience network provides a motivational context to stimuli. In this study, we examined regional functional connectivity (FC) patterns of the right dAI in adolescent CFS patients and healthy participants. Eighteen adolescent patients with CFS and 18 aged-matched healthy adolescent control participants underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging...
2017: PloS One
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