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Health professionals educational needs analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791487/patients-experiences-of-coping-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-and-their-recommendations-for-its-clinical-management
#1
Sameera Senanayake, Kim Harrison, Michael Lewis, Melitta McNarry, Joanne Hudson
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive and life-limiting condition. From a healthcare perspective it is vital to establish effective methods of improving the quality of remaining life in these patients. This requires a detailed understanding of the multiple impacts of an IPF diagnosis on the individual. METHODS: We sought to understand how patients coped with their initial diagnosis, how they live with the disease day-to-day, and their experiences and opinions of the professional support they receive...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790658/faculty-development-for-junior-health-professionals
#2
Annette Burgess, Christie van Diggele, Craig Mellis
BACKGROUND: The need for faculty development programmes designed to help junior health professionals fulfill their multiple roles, across various institutions, is widely acknowledged. Such programmes are usually logistically difficult for hospital clinicians to access, however, and are discipline based. In 2017, we collaborated with four health care faculties to develop a blended learning, interprofessional faculty development programme that was up to date, relevant, and accessible to clinicians working in the hospital and university settings...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785772/getting-the-picture-visual-interpretation-in-ophthalmology-residency-training
#3
Adam D Baim
OBJECTIVES: Visual interpretation is essential in many fields of health care. Although diagnostic competency can be measured as an educational outcome, few accounts have addressed tacit aspects of visual interpretation in clinical training; these include the disciplining of the trainee's attentions and the trainee's acculturation into expected styles of communicating visual interpretations to others. This paper describes values and dispositions that are taught to ophthalmology trainees as they learn to reason through visual information, and explores how these qualities are evaluated during residency training...
May 21, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783267/-conceptual-approaches-to-the-investigation-of-a-problem-of-professional-training-of-physical-therapists
#4
Anna V Fastivetz, Pavlo V Khomenko, Inna E Shaparenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction:The level of people's health and its preservation is a medical problem that requires the optimal solution and the need to improve the management of the system of measures to achieve the goal. According to specialists, the health of Ukrainian people is accompanied by high mortality, significant parameters of disability and morbidity and a decrease in the average life expectancy. Diseases that lead to such negative medical and social and socio-economic consequences are so-called "illnesses of a way of life" or "diseases of civilization"...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775991/redefining-perinatal-experience-a-philosophical-exploration-of-a-hypothetical-case-of-gender-diversity-in-labour-and-birth
#5
Brianna Richardson, Sheri Price, Marsha Campbell-Yeo
OBJECTIVE AND AIMS: Using a queer phenomenological approach, the objective of this philosophical analysis is to explore the transgender experience in highly gendered clinical areas, such as the birth unit, and make recommendations on how to provide perinatal care that is inclusive of gender diversity within these areas. This paper aims to describes a hypothetical clinical experience to provide insight on the institutional barriers that currently exist and to provide nurses and midwives with pragmatic strategies to enhance gender-diverse care in general and gendered clinical areas...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774777/current-research-status-of-palliative-care-in-mainland-china
#6
Tao Wang, Alex Molassiotis, Betty Pui Man Chung, Jing-Yu Tan
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to obtain an overview of the current research status of palliative care in Mainland China and identify research directions for future studies by characterizing palliative care studies conducted among patients with any life-limiting illness in Mainland China and published in a peer-reviewed journal before November 2016. METHODS: A review guide with 7 categories was initially developed based on existing international palliative care definitions and guidelines through content analysis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771904/development-of-an-otitis-media-strategy-in-the-pacific-key-informant-perspectives
#7
Elizabeth Holt, Judith McCool, Vili Nosa, Peter Thorne
AIM: Ear and hearing health services are scarce within Pacific Island countries. Where available, they remain under-resourced, despite there being a high estimated prevalence of otitis media and otitis media-related hearing loss. This study examines the potential for improving ear and hearing health strategies by examining key factors, opportunities and challenges, working with Fiji as a case study. METHOD: A series of semi-structured interviews were conducted with professionals who had experience in otitis media programme implementation and/or professionals with working experience within the Pacific region and the Fiji health system...
May 18, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764794/an-ehealth-capabilities-framework-for-graduates-and-health-professionals-mixed-methods-study
#8
Melissa Brunner, Deborah McGregor, Melanie Keep, Anna Janssen, Heiko Spallek, Deleana Quinn, Aaron Jones, Emma Tseris, Wilson Yeung, Leanne Togher, Annette Solman, Tim Shaw
BACKGROUND: The demand for an eHealth-ready and adaptable workforce is placing increasing pressure on universities to deliver eHealth education. At present, eHealth education is largely focused on components of eHealth rather than considering a curriculum-wide approach. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a framework that could be used to guide health curriculum design based on current evidence, and stakeholder perceptions of eHealth capabilities expected of tertiary health graduates...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749287/a-qualitative-exploration-of-weight-bias-and-quality-of-health-care-among-health-care-professionals-using-hypothetical-patient-scenarios
#9
Justine Seymour, Jennifer L Barnes, Julie Schumacher, Rachel L Vollmer
The purpose of this study was to determine whether weight bias exhibited by health care professionals (HCPs) impacts quality of health care provided to individuals with obesity. HCPs (n = 220; 88% female, 87% nurses) in the Midwest region of the United States were recruited to complete an online survey. In this within-subjects study design, participants completed the Attitudes Towards Obese Persons (ATOP) scale to assess weight bias and responded to 2 (1 person with obesity and 1 person without obesity) hypothetical patient scenarios to evaluate quality of care...
January 2018: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743152/managing-and-controlling-stress-using-mhealth-systematic-search-in-app-stores
#10
David Blázquez Martín, Isabel De La Torre, Begonya Garcia-Zapirain, Miguel Lopez-Coronado, Joel Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Traditional stress management techniques have been proven insufficient to tackle the needs of today's population. Computational-based techniques and now mobile health (mHealth) apps are showing promise to enable ease of use and access while educating end users on self-management. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this paper was to put forward a systematic review of mHealth apps for stress management. METHODS: The scenario chosen for this study consists of a sample of the most relevant mHealth apps found on the British and Spanish online stores of the two main mobile operating systems: iOS and Android...
May 9, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741963/challenges-and-strategies-for-coping-with-scleroderma-implications-for-a-scleroderma-specific-self-management-program
#11
Katherine Milette, Brett D Thombs, Kristina Maiorino, Warren R Nielson, Annett Körner, Sandra Peláez
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore challenges faced by patients with systemic sclerosis, also called scleroderma, in coping with their disease and the strategies they used to face those challenges. METHOD: Five focus groups were held with scleroderma patients (4 groups, n = 34) and health care professionals who have experience treating scleroderma (1 group, n = 8). Participants' discussions were recorded, transcribed and analyzed using thematic analysis...
May 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741958/clinical-assessment-and-patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-low-back-pain-a-survey-among-primary-health-care-physiotherapists
#12
Sara Östhols, Carina Boström, Rasmussen-Barr Eva
PURPOSE: We aimed to map the physiotherapy practice in Sweden of clinical tests and patient-reported outcome measures in low-back pain (LBP), and to study advantages and barriers in using patient-reported outcome measures. METHODS: An online survey was mailed to 4934 physiotherapists in primary health care in Sweden. Multiple choice questions investigated the use of clinical tests and patient-reported outcome measures in assessing patients with LBP. Open questions investigating the advantages and barriers to the use of patient-reported outcome measures were analyzed with content analysis...
May 9, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741237/-walking-the-tightrope-the-role-of-peer-support-workers-in-facilitating-consumers-participation-in-decision-making
#13
Michelle Cleary, Toby Raeburn, Phil Escott, Sancia West, Violeta Lopez
In adult mental health services, the participation of consumers is essential. The aim of this study was to explore the challenges faced by peer support workers when involving mental health consumers in decision-making about their care and the strategies they employed to overcome these challenges so as to improve mental health consumers' participation in decision-making and recovery. Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with six peer support workers currently employed in psychiatric hospitals and/or community mental health systems...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739780/research-priorities-in-health-communication-and-participation-international-survey-of-consumers-and-other-stakeholders
#14
Anneliese Synnot, Peter Bragge, Dianne Lowe, Jack S Nunn, Molly O'Sullivan, Lidia Horvat, Allison Tong, Debra Kay, Davina Ghersi, Steve McDonald, Naomi Poole, Noni Bourke, Natasha Lannin, Danny Vadasz, Sandy Oliver, Karen Carey, Sophie J Hill
OBJECTIVE: To identify research priorities of consumers and other stakeholders to inform Cochrane Reviews in 'health communication and participation' (including such concepts as patient experience, shared decision-making and health literacy). SETTING: International. PARTICIPANTS: We included anyone with an interest in health communication and participation. Up to 151 participants (18-80 years; 117 female) across 12 countries took part, including 48 consumers (patients, carers, consumer representatives) and 75 professionals (health professionals, policymakers, researchers) (plus 25 people who identified as both)...
May 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739742/user-needs-in-the-development-of-a-health-app-ecosystem-for-self-management-of-cystic-fibrosis-user-centered-development-approach
#15
Jacqueline Floch, Annabel Zettl, Lena Fricke, Tina Weisser, Lisbet Grut, Thomas Vilarinho, Erlend Stav, Antonio Ascolese, Cornelia Schauber
BACKGROUND: Digital self-management in cystic fibrosis (CF) is foreseen as a means toward better understanding of the disease and its treatment and better adherence to the treatment. Mobile apps hold the potential to provide access to information, motivate, and strengthen compliance. However, to deliver high-quality apps, the development should be based on thorough knowledge about user needs. Empirical research on the user-centered development of mobile apps for health care is, however, still limited...
May 8, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739735/effectiveness-of-a-blended-multidisciplinary-intervention-for-patients-with-moderate-medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms-parasol-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Paula Elisabeth van Westrienen, Martijn F Pisters, Suze Aj Toonders, Marloes Gerrits, Cindy Veenhof, Niek J de Wit
BACKGROUND: Medically unexplained physical symptoms are an important health problem in primary care, with a spectrum from mild to chronic. The burden of chronic medically unexplained physical symptoms is substantial for patients, health care professionals, and society. Therefore, early identification of patients with moderate medically unexplained physical symptoms is needed in order to prevent chronicity. The preventive screening of medically unexplained physical symptoms (PRESUME) screening method was developed using data from the electronic medical record of the patients' general practitioner and demonstrated its prognostic accuracy to identify patients with moderate medically unexplained physical symptoms...
May 8, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728772/implementing-a-mediterranean-style-diet-outside-the-mediterranean-region
#17
REVIEW
Karen J Murphy, Natalie Parletta
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Populations surrounding the Mediterranean basin have traditionally reaped health benefits from a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), which may benefit Westernized countries plagued by chronic disease. But is it feasible to implement beyond the Mediterranean? To answer this question, we present evidence from randomized controlled trials that achieved high dietary compliance rates with subsequent physical and mental health benefits. RECENT FINDINGS: In the 1960s, the Seven Countries Study identified dietary qualities of Mediterranean populations associated with healthy aging and longevity...
May 4, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728350/reducing-negative-outcomes-of-online-consumer-health-information-qualitative-interpretive-study-with-clinicians-librarians-and-consumers
#18
Reem El Sherif, Pierre Pluye, Christine Thoër, Charo Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: There has been an exponential increase in the general population's usage of the internet and of information accessibility; the current demand for online consumer health information (OCHI) is unprecedented. There are multiple studies on internet access and usage, quality of information, and information needs. However, few studies explored negative outcomes of OCHI in detail or from different perspectives, and none examined how these negative outcomes could be reduced. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe negative outcomes associated with OCHI use in primary care and identify potential preventive strategies from consumers', health practitioners', and health librarians' perspectives...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728090/what-can-we-learn-from-problem-based-learning-tutors-at-a-graduate-entry-medical-school-a-mixed-method-approach
#19
Diane O Doherty, Helena Mc Keague, Sarah Harney, Gerard Browne, Deirdre McGrath
Problem-based learning (PBL) has been adopted by many medical schools as an innovative method to deliver an integrated medical curriculum since its inception at McMaster University (Dornan et al., Med Educ 39(2):163-170, 2005; Finucane et al., Med Educ 35(1):56-61, 2001; Barrows, Tutorials in problem-based learning: A new direction in teaching the health professions, 1984). The student experience in PBL has been explored in detail (Merriam, New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education 89: 3-13, 2001; Azer, Kaohsiung J Med Sci 25(5): 240-249, 2009; Boelens et al...
May 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724702/electronic-health-use-in-the-european-union-and-the-effect-of-multimorbidity-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Francisco Lupiáñez-Villanueva, Dimitra Anastasiadou, Cristiano Codagnone, Roberto Nuño-Solinís, Maria Begona Garcia-Zapirain Soto
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity is becoming increasingly common and is a leading challenge currently faced by societies with aging populations. The presence of multimorbidity requires patients to coordinate, understand, and use the information obtained from different health care professionals, while simultaneously striving to distinguish the symptoms of different diseases and self-manage their sometimes conflicting health problems. Electronic health (eHealth) tools provide a means to disseminate health information and education for both patients and health professionals and hold promise for more efficient and cost-effective care processes...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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