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Health professionals educational needs analysis

Britta Wigginton, Coral Gartner, Ingrid J Rowlands
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, or vaping, is increasing against a backdrop of declining smoking rates. E-cigarettes contain fewer toxicants than cigarettes, but their appearance and mode of use has the potential to satisfy the habitual aspects of smoking. To date, we know little about lay perceptions of the safety of using e-cigarettes in pregnancy. METHODS: We conducted a thematic discourse analysis of 13 online discussion forum threads that discussed e-cigarette use during pregnancy...
October 20, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
Angela Dawson, Deborah Bateson, Jane Estoesta, Elizabeth Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Improving access to safe abortion is an essential strategy in the provision of universal access to reproductive health care. Australians are largely supportive of the provision of abortion and its decriminalization. However, the lack of data and the complex legal and service delivery situation impacts upon access for women seeking an early termination of pregnancy. There are no systematic reviews from a health services perspective to help direct health planners and policy makers to improve access comprehensive medical and early surgical abortion in high income countries...
October 22, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Clare Jackson, Victoria Land, Edward J B Holmes
OBJECTIVE: Communication during labour is consequential for women's experience yet analyses of situated labour-ward interaction are rare. This study demonstrates the value of explicating the interactional practices used to initiate 'decisions' during labour. METHODS: Interactions between 26 labouring women, their birth partners and HCPs were transcribed from the British television programme, One Born Every Minute. Conversation analysis was used to examine how decisions were initiated and accomplished in interaction...
October 11, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
Lauren Ball, Katelyn Barnes, Michael Leveritt, Lana Mitchell, Lauren T Williams, Dianne Ball, Elizabeth Patterson
Research priority setting is an important component of research planning, particularly when research options exceed available resources. This study identified the research priorities for supporting healthy lifestyle behaviours in the Australian primary healthcare setting. A five-step stakeholder engagement process was undertaken. Ten stakeholder organisations participated in the process, including patient representatives, health professional associations, health educators, researchers, government advisors and policymakers...
October 17, 2016: Australian Journal of Primary Health
Adriana N Mudryj, Harold M Aukema, Paul Fieldhouse, B Nancy Yu
Poor eating habits among children are associated with negative health outcomes. The objective of this study was to use pulse/soy consumption as an indicator to evaluate the eating profile of young Manitobans. Data from the Canadian Community Health Survey Cycle 2.2 were used for analysis and restricted to Manitoba residents aged 2 to 18 years (n = 1840). Consumers were identified as individuals who reported eating at least 1 pulse/soy product during their recall. On any given day, 8.2% of Manitobans reported consumption of pulses/soy...
July 19, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Patricia Fronek, Melissa B Kendall
PURPOSE: A randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the impact of Professional Boundaries for Health Professionals (PBHP) training program on the knowledge, comfort, experience, and ethical decision-making of multidisciplinary practitioners facing client-practitioner boundary dilemmas. METHODS: In all, 36 rehabilitation practitioners from an Australian state-wide spinal cord injuries service were assigned to experimental and control groups. The Boundaries in Practice (BIP) Scale measured outcomes at four points: pre, post, 3 months, and 1 year...
October 14, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Lara Allet, Olivier Giet, Jérôme Barral, Nicolas Junod, Dominique Durrer, Francesca Amati, Gerasimos P Sykiotis, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Jardena J Puder
INTRODUCTION: Low educational level (EL) and low physical fitness are both predictors of increased morbidity and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes. It is unknown if EL is related to physical fitness. This would have important implication for the treatment approach of patients of low EL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2011/12, we invited participants of a new nationwide Swiss physical activity program for patients with type 2 diabetes to participate in this study...
2016: PloS One
Gail Ewing, Clarissa Penfold, John Benson, Ravi Mahadeva, Sophie Howson, Julie Burkin, Sara Booth, Roberta Lovick, David Gilligan, Christopher Todd, Morag Farquhar
CONTEXT: Carers' needs in advanced disease, and specifically in relation to breathlessness, are well evidenced. Publications on educational interventions for carers of patients with advanced disease which focus on symptoms are scarce and absent for breathlessness. OBJECTIVES: To establish current education provided by clinicians for carers of patients with breathlessness in advanced disease, views about educating carers about breathlessness and relevant outcomes for a future randomised controlled trial (RCT) of an educational intervention for carers...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Johann Beaudreuil, Jean Marie Coudreuse, Christelle N Guyen, Philippe Deat, Aurore Chabaud, Bruno Pereira, Alain Lorenzo, Frédéric Sailhan, François Rannou, Emmanuel Coudeyre
OBJECTIVE: To develop an algorithm to help orthosis prescription for knee osteoarthritis patients. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Systematic review of the literature using a qualitative analysis on Pubmed databases, Cochrane Library and Pedro from 1966 to 2015, using the keywords "knee osteoarthritis", "orthosis" with recommendations and highest quality trials. Development of a preliminary version of the algorithm using data from the literature and taking into account experience of different health professionals involved in the management of osteoarthritis patients...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Ashley Waddell, Jeffrey M Adams, Jacqueline Fawcett
We describe a framework used to analyze health policy content in baccalaureate nursing program courses that combines the conceptual model for nursing and health policy and the Adams influence model to account for knowledge and skills needed for health policy work. Our analysis of health policy content in courses in one baccalaureate nursing program focused on what policies were emphasized and how educational content supported the development of personal influence. The analysis revealed course content focused on public sources of health policies and lack of overt course content about policies from organizational and professional sources...
October 2016: Nursing Science Quarterly
Christine B Phillips, Sally Hall, Michelle Irving
BACKGROUND: Many patients with chronic physical illnesses have co-morbid psychological illnesses, which may respond to interprofessional collaborative care. Continuing education programs frequently focus on skills and knowledge relevant for individual illnesses, and unidisciplinary care. This study evaluates the impact of "Mind the Gap", an Australian interprofessional continuing education program about management of dual illnesses, on practitioners' knowledge, use of psychological strategies and collaborative practice...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Katherine A Rafferty, Shelbie L Sullivan
Caring for a child with a chronic condition has received considerable attention in the pediatric health literature. Today, approximately 1 out of 5 North American children are diagnosed with a chronic condition that requires parents to become caregivers and advocates. Although advocacy is regarded as a significant aspect to parental caregiving, more research is needed to better define this oversimplified and misrepresented concept in clinical practice and research. Subsequently, we interviewed 35 parents of children diagnosed with complex chronic conditions...
September 2, 2016: Health Communication
Shelley Gower, Ravani Duggan, Jaya A R Dantas, Duncan Boldy
BACKGROUND: International clinical placements are common in preregistration nursing programs in Australian universities to enhance awareness of cultural needs and global health issues. Yet, little is known about the motivations and expectations of nursing students who choose to participate. METHOD: Using a qualitative exploratory design, individual semistructured interviews were undertaken with 52 preregistration final-year nursing students from four Western Australian universities 2 weeks prior to departure to the developing countries of Tanzania, Thailand, the Philippines, Cambodia, and India...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Nursing Education
Isabella Cristina Barduchi Ohl, Rosali Isabel Barduchi Ohl, Suzel Regina Ribeiro Chavaglia, Rosely Erlach Goldman
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the scientific production on "breast cancer" in the period from 2002 to 2013 and determine the public policies for screening and early diagnosis of breast cancer. METHOD: this is an integrative literature review conducted in the databases MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO and Google Scholar. INCLUSION CRITERIA: year and period of publication; availability of the full article; publication in Brazil; and the cross-check of the keywords Breast Cancer, Primary Health Care, Screening Programs, and Early Detection of Cancer...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Una Stenberg, Mette Haaland-Øverby, Kari Fredriksen, Karl Fredrik Westermann, Toril Kvisvik
OBJECTIVE: To give a comprehensive overview of benefits and challenges from participating in group based patient education programs that are carried out by health care professionals and lay participants, aimed at promoting self-management for people living with chronic illness. METHODS: We searched 8 literature databases. Full text articles meeting the inclusion criteria were retrieved and reviewed. Arksey and O'Malley's framework for scoping studies guided the review process and thematic analysis was undertaken to synthesize extracted data...
November 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
Gillian Crofts
Ultrasound scanning is provided by a range of health professionals who need to be trained to a proficient level. In respect of education and training in ultrasound scanning, little attention has been given to how scanning skills are acquired and what assists and hinders the learning process. This study aims to develop a framework for guiding learning in ultrasound scanning. Overt participant observation and semi-structured interviews generated data on four learners undertaking a 12-month postgraduate ultrasound programme...
February 2015: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
Lizziane D' Ávila Pereira, Roseni Rosângela de Sena
OBJECTIVE: To analyse how primary healthcare workers perceive the impact of the Health Channel Mines courses in their work process. METHOD: This is a descriptive exploratory qualitative study conducted with 38 professionals working in primary health care units of three municipalities in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Data were collected in 2014 by means of semi-structured interviews and subjected to thematic content analysis. RESULTS: Data analysis revealed the following three categories: interest in training and its contribution to professional practice; factors that alter professional practices; and proposals for improvement...
June 2016: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
Robin Tarter, George Demiris, Kenneth Pike, Karla Washington, Debra Parker Oliver
INTRODUCTION: At the end of life, patients with dementia often experience high levels of pain due to complex interplay of disease processes and numerous barriers to symptom management. In the hospice setting, informal caregivers play an essential role in pain management. This study describes their experience managing pain in hospice patients with dementia. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative analysis of audio-recorded interviews with informal caregivers of hospice patients with dementia who had chosen pain as the challenge they wanted to work on within a problem-solving therapy intervention...
September 2016: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
M S Ahmad, M A Abuzar, I A Razak, S A Rahman, G L Borromeo
Poor oral health has been associated with compromised general health and quality of life. To promote comprehensive patient management, the role of medical professionals in oral health maintenance is compelling, thus indicating the need for educational preparation in this area of practice. This study aimed to determine the extent of training in oral health in Malaysian and Australian medical schools. An audio-recorded semi-structured phone interview involving Academic Programme Directors in Malaysian (n = 9, response rate=81...
June 8, 2016: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Ellen S Deutsch, Yue Dong, Louis P Halamek, Michael A Rosen, Jeffrey M Taekman, John Rice
OBJECTIVE: We describe health care simulation, designed primarily for training, and provide examples of how human factors experts can collaborate with health care professionals and simulationists-experts in the design and implementation of simulation-to use contemporary simulation to improve health care delivery. BACKGROUND: The need-and the opportunity-to apply human factors expertise in efforts to achieve improved health outcomes has never been greater. Health care is a complex adaptive system, and simulation is an effective and flexible tool that can be used by human factors experts to better understand and improve individual, team, and system performance within health care...
June 6, 2016: Human Factors
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