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Health professionals educational needs analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909366/standing-on-the-precipice-evaluating-final-year-physiotherapy-students-perspectives-of-their-curriculum-as-preparation-for-primary-health-care-practice
#1
Sinead McMahon, Grainne O'Donoghue, Catherine Doody, Geraldine O'Neill, Terry Barrett, Tara Cusack
Purpose: To explore final-year physiotherapy students' perceptions of primary health care practice to determine (1) aspects of their curriculum that support their learning, (2) deficiencies in their curriculum, and (3) areas that they believe should be changed to adequately equip them to make the transition from student to primary health care professional. Methods: Framework analysis methodology was used to analyze group opinion obtained using structured group feedback sessions. Sixty-eight final-year physiotherapy students from the four higher education institutions in Ireland participated...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896832/leaving-foster-or-residential-care-a-participatory-study-of-care-leavers-experiences-of-health-and-social-care-transitions
#2
K Liabo, C McKenna, A Ingold, H Roberts
BACKGROUND: Young people in residential or foster care experience multiple transitions around their 18(th) birthday without the long term and consistent support from their family of origin that most of their peers can expect. We report a mixed methods qualitative study of transitions across health and social care services for children leaving care, providing narratives of what young people described as positive, and what they and professionals think might be improved. METHODS: Data were collected in participatory meetings and individual interviews between young people and researchers (n = 24) and individual interviews with practitioners (n = 11)...
November 29, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896798/applicability-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-based-mobile-app-in-depression-nursing
#3
Kirsikka Kaipainen, Pasi Välkkynen, Nina Kilkku
Due to the high burden of depression, new models and methods of mental healthcare need to be developed. Prior research has shown the potential benefits of using technology tools such as mobile apps as self-help or combined with psychological treatment. Therefore, professionals should acquaint themselves with evidence-based apps to be able to use them with clients and guide the clients in their use. The purpose of this study was to explore how an acceptance and commitment therapy-based mobile app was perceived as a self-management tool among nurses, and how it could be applied in the prevention and treatment of depression and other mental health issues...
November 28, 2016: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891334/life-orientation-test-revised-lot-r-versus-academic-score-in-various-first-year-health-professional-students
#4
Puja Dulloo, Neeraj Vedi, Achleshwar Gandotra
INTRODUCTION: Health field per se requires mental, physical and psychological steadiness and wellbeing. In modern times decline in psychological and physical health has been observed in student after admission in health education program. Factors like perfectionism, self-esteem, personal and professional consequence have affected their academic score directly or indirectly. Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) instrument measures optimism in relation to self-esteem of individual. A better score will show more confidence level of the student...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890046/investigation-of-training-and-support-needs-in-rural-and-remote-disability-and-mainstream-service-providers-implications-for-an-online-training-model
#5
Genevieve Johnsson, Rachel Kerslake, Sarah Crook, Corinne Cribb
Objectives It is known that there are difficulties in recruiting and retaining practitioners in rural and remote communities and that access to support and professional development can be key in breaking this cycle. Technology provides a possible solution not only for increasing access to these opportunities, but also in building community capacity to support children with autism. The aim of the present study was to investigate the current learning and support needs within rural and remote professionals prior to setting up a model of support...
November 28, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873322/non-medical-prescribing-versus-medical-prescribing-for-acute-and-chronic-disease-management-in-primary-and-secondary-care
#6
REVIEW
Greg Weeks, Johnson George, Katie Maclure, Derek Stewart
BACKGROUND: A range of health workforce strategies are needed to address health service demands in low-, middle- and high-income countries. Non-medical prescribing involves nurses, pharmacists, allied health professionals, and physician assistants substituting for doctors in a prescribing role, and this is one approach to improve access to medicines. OBJECTIVES: To assess clinical, patient-reported, and resource use outcomes of non-medical prescribing for managing acute and chronic health conditions in primary and secondary care settings compared with medical prescribing (usual care)...
November 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860051/the-professional-psychiatric-mental-health-nurse-skills-competencies-and-supports-required-to-adopt-recovery-orientated-policy-in-practice
#7
E Cusack, F Killoury, L E Nugent
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Nationally and internationally there has been a movement away from the traditional medical model towards a more holistic recovery-oriented approach to mental health care delivery. At every level of service provision the emphasis is firmly on recovery and on facilitating active partnership working and involvement of service users, their carers and family members. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This is the first study to identify on a national level specific areas of care that are addressed most or least by psychiatric and mental health nurses in care planning for mental health service users in Ireland...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843775/health-care-workers-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-about-chronic-pain-management-shiraz-iran
#8
Raziyeh Kheshti, Soha Namazi, Manoosh Mehrabi, Dena Firouzabadi
BACKGROUND: Pain can adversely affect every aspect of a patient's daily activity, and consequently, it has a great influence on the quality of life. Studies have shown that health care professionals have little knowledge of and inadequate attitudes toward the assessment of pain and its treatment with analgesics. OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional study was designed to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes, and practice of health care professionals regarding chronic pain management...
August 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842520/assessing-an-isizulu-questionnaire-with-educators-in-primary-schools-in-pietermaritzburg-to-establish-a-baseline-of-knowledge-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Natalie K Hutton, Carol Mitchell, Mary van der Riet
BACKGROUND: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a significant childhood disorder and has a growing prevalence rate across the world. It has been identified in children from a wide range of racial groups, ethnicities and socio-economic groups, making it a globally relevant disorder. However, a lack of research on ASD in Africa makes it difficult to determine the prevalence rate, presentation and level of knowledge regarding the disorder locally. Therefore, assessing knowledge of ASD amongst professionals is a useful starting point for research in countries where research on ASD is limited...
November 14, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830962/development-and-validation-of-a-prediction-model-for-long-term-sickness-absence-based-on-occupational-health-survey-variables
#10
Corné Roelen, Sannie Thorsen, Martijn Heymans, Jos Twisk, Ute Bültmann, Jakob Bjørner
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to develop and validate a prediction model for identifying employees at increased risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA), by using variables commonly measured in occupational health surveys. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on the literature, 15 predictor variables were retrieved from the DAnish National working Environment Survey (DANES) and included in a model predicting incident LTSA (≥4 consecutive weeks) during 1-year follow-up in a sample of 4000 DANES participants...
November 10, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828888/approach-to-a-standardized-injury-prevention-coordinator-training-curriculum
#11
Pina Violano, Ian Weston, Glen Tinkoff
The effectiveness of trauma center-based injury prevention programs is constrained by a number of variables. These include the wide range of injury types, the variety of possible interventions, institutional support and funding, and the knowledge and experience of the persons responsible for these programs. As the field of injury prevention has increased in complexity, so must the role and professional development of these injury prevention professionals responsible for these programs. Trauma center-based injury prevention coordinators are a diverse group with variable education and professional background especially related to public health, advocacy, epidemiology, biostatistics, and research...
November 2016: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810118/-post-graduate-gerontology-training-in-spain-number-characteristics-and-contents-taught-in-master-courses
#12
Feliciano Villar, María Florencia Giuliani, Rodrigo Serrat
INTRODUCTION: Population aging raises the need for specialised professionals to address the needs of the elderly. The aim of this paper is to describe the number, characteristics, and contents of the Master degree courses that are currently offered in Spain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 32 Master degree courses offered in the 2014-15 academic year. These required at least 60 ECTS (European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System). At least half of the course credits were based on contents directly related to old age, older people, or aging...
October 31, 2016: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807865/the-meaning-of-participation-for-children-in-malawi-insights-from-children-and-caregivers
#13
F Nelson, C Masulani-Mwale, E Richards, S Theobald, M Gladstone
BACKGROUND: Global rates of childhood disability are high and are estimated through tools that focus on impairment, functioning and activity. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health has promoted a framework to define disability more broadly and to include participation. New outcome measures have now been created to assess participation of children with disabilities for use in research and clinical practice. In order to use these in other cultural contexts, the validity of concepts and tools developed should be evaluated prior to use...
November 2, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806692/essential-conditions-for-the-implementation-of-comprehensive-school-health-to-achieve-changes-in-school-culture-and-improvements-in-health-behaviours-of-students
#14
Kate E Storey, Genevieve Montemurro, Jenn Flynn, Marg Schwartz, Erin Wright, Jill Osler, Paul J Veugelers, Erica Roberts
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive School Health (CSH) is an internationally recognized framework that holistically addresses school health by transforming the school culture. It has been shown to be effective in enhancing health behaviours among students while also improving educational outcomes. Despite this effectiveness, there is a need to focus on how CSH is implemented. Previous studies have attempted to uncover the conditions necessary for successful operationalization, but none have described them in relation to a proven best practice model of implementation that has demonstrated positive changes to school culture and improvements in health behaviours...
November 2, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803569/structural-challenges-of-providing-palliative-care-for-patients-with-breast-cancer
#15
Tahereh Alsadat Khoubbin Khoshnazar, Maryam Rassouli, Mohammad Esmaeil Akbari, Farah Lotfi-Kashani, Syrus Momenzadeh, Shahpar Haghighat, Moosa Sajjadi
INTRODUCTION: To establish a palliative care system (PCS) in Iran, it is necessary to identify the potential barriers. AIM: This study aims to highlight the views of stakeholders to know the challenges of providing palliative care for women with breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semi-structured in-depth interviews are used with purposeful sampling conducted in Tehran, Iran; from January to June 2015. Twenty participants were included in the study: nine patients with breast cancer and ten health-care providers...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793836/educating-professionals-to-support-self-management-in-people-with-asthma-or-diabetes-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-scoping-exercise
#16
Nicola McCleary, Amanda Andrews, Susan Morrow, Sharon Wiener-Ogilvie, Monica Fletcher, Liz Steed, Stephanie J C Taylor, Hilary Pinnock
INTRODUCTION: Supported self-management for asthma helps people adjust their treatment in response to symptom changes. This improves day-to-day control and reduces the risk of asthma attacks and the need for emergency healthcare. However, implementation remains poor in routine clinical practice. This systematic review is part of a programme of work developing an intervention to help primary care practice teams embed self-management support into routine asthma care. The aim of the review is to synthesise the evidence regarding the effectiveness of educational interventions for professionals supporting self-management in people with asthma or diabetes (type 1 and type 2)...
October 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790597/knowledge-and-awareness-regarding-swine-influenza-a-h1n1-virus-infection-among-dental-professionals-in-india-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Ramandeep Singh Gambhir, Prabh Roohan Pannu, Tarun Nanda, Gagandeep Arora, Amanpreet Kaur
INTRODUCTION: Swine flu or Influenza A (H1N1) flu is the most recent of the pandemic disease that has affected the world's population. We, as health care providers should feel responsible for reducing the transmission of influenza. AIM: To conduct a systematic review of observational studies and to assess dental professionals' knowledge and awareness regarding swine flu. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Relevant cross-sectional observational studies were included in the systematic review to assess the level of knowledge and awareness regarding swine flu among dental professionals...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773530/is-it-safe-to-vape-analyzing-online-forums-discussing-e-cigarette-use-during-pregnancy
#18
Britta Wigginton, Coral Gartner, Ingrid J Rowlands
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use, or vaping, is increasing against a backdrop of declining smoking rates. E-cigarettes contain fewer toxicants than cigarettes, but their appearance and mode of use has the potential to satisfy the habitual aspects of smoking. To date, we know little about lay perceptions of the safety of using e-cigarettes in pregnancy. METHODS: We conducted a thematic discourse analysis of 13 online discussion forum threads that discussed e-cigarette use during pregnancy...
October 20, 2016: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770797/towards-comprehensive-early-abortion-service-delivery-in-high-income-countries-insights-for-improving-universal-access-to-abortion-in-australia
#19
Angela Dawson, Deborah Bateson, Jane Estoesta, Elizabeth Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Improving access to safe abortion is an essential strategy in the provision of universal access to reproductive health care. Australians are largely supportive of the provision of abortion and its decriminalization. However, the lack of data and the complex legal and service delivery situation impacts upon access for women seeking an early termination of pregnancy. There are no systematic reviews from a health services perspective to help direct health planners and policy makers to improve access comprehensive medical and early surgical abortion in high income countries...
October 22, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769589/healthcare-professionals-assertions-and-women-s-responses-during-labour-a-conversation-analytic-study-of-data-from-one-born-every-minute
#20
Clare Jackson, Victoria Land, Edward J B Holmes
OBJECTIVE: Communication during labour is consequential for women's experience yet analyses of situated labour-ward interaction are rare. This study demonstrates the value of explicating the interactional practices used to initiate 'decisions' during labour. METHODS: Interactions between 26 labouring women, their birth partners and HCPs were transcribed from the British television programme, One Born Every Minute. Conversation analysis was used to examine how decisions were initiated and accomplished in interaction...
October 11, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
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