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Health professionals educational needs analysis

Mohammad Alfelali, Osamah Barasheed, Al-Mamoon Badahdah, Hamid Bokhary, Mohammed I Azeem, Turki Habeebullah, Marwan Bakarman, Atif Asghar, Robert Booy, Harunor Rashid
BACKGROUND: Hajj is the world's largest annual mass gathering that attracts two to three million Muslims from around the globe to a religious assemblage in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The risk of acquisition and transmission of influenza among Hajj pilgrims is high. Therefore, influenza vaccination is recommended, and was monitored frequently among pilgrims from different countries. However, the vaccination uptake among Saudi pilgrims has not been assessed in recent years. OBJECTIVE: This analysis aims to evaluate influenza vaccine uptake among Saudi Hajj pilgrims, and identify the key barriers to vaccination...
March 16, 2018: Vaccine
Laura Arkwright, Susan Edgar, James Debenham
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing workforce numbers, new graduate physiotherapists are reporting short career intentions due to low job satisfaction. Job satisfaction improves retention among allied health professionals, however we have limited understanding of its influence specific to physiotherapists. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore factors contributing to the job satisfaction of musculoskeletal physiotherapists working in private practice across different career stages (new graduates, graduates, postgraduates, and owners) in Western Australia...
March 10, 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
Fanny Alexandra Jakobsen, Kjersti Vik
AIM: To describe health professionals' perspectives of next of kin in the context of reablement. METHODS: A total of 49 health professionals from different organizational levels participated. Their ages, genders, experiences, and professions varied. A total of 10 focus group discussions were held in two municipalities. The data analysis was conducted using a constructivist grounded theory approach. RESULTS: The core category was identified as negotiating between themselves...
March 15, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Joanne Brooke, Claire Manneh
AIMS: To explore the lived experience of caring for a patient during an acute episode of delirium by nurses working in cardiology, elderly care, renal, or respiratory specialities. BACKGROUND: A missed or delayed diagnosis of delirium in an acute hospital setting adversely impacts on patient outcomes. Nurses are the best placed health care professionals to identify a change in patient's cognitive status but struggle to do so. DESIGN: Inductive interpretative phenomenology...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
Silje Havrevold Henni, Marit Kirkevold, Konstantinos Antypas, Christina Foss
BACKGROUND: Care of older adults in the community is becoming increasingly complex. However, nursing staff often has insufficient knowledge and skills to adequately address the needs of frail older adults. There is therefore a need for nurses with advanced qualifications. To meet this need, advanced geriatric nursing has been introduced in Norway. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the experiences of nurses with their new role as advanced geriatric nurses in care of older adults and to determine what strategies the nurses considered important in the development of their new role...
March 11, 2018: International Journal of Older People Nursing
Kerry Wilbur, Alaa Elmubark, Sara Shabana
INTRODUCTION: The standardized patient (SP) has assumed a fundamental role in undergraduate medical education since first conceived over 50 years ago. While widely used in student training and assessment of communication and clinical examination across health disciplines, little is known how SPs enhance knowledge or skill development among professionals. We conducted a systematic review to determine the effectiveness of SPs in continuing medical education (CME) programs. METHODS: Authors independently searched for studies published between 1966 and 2016, describing CME initiatives using SP encounters as practice for participants compared with those which did not...
January 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
Phillip M Pifer, Mark K Farrugia, Malcolm D Mattes
BACKGROUND: Early palliative/supportive care (PSC) consultation and advance care planning (ACP) improve outcomes for patients with incurable cancer. However, PSC is underutilized in the United States. OBJECTIVE: To examine philosophical differences among PSC, radiation oncology (RO), and medical oncology (MO) physicians in order to understand barriers to early PSC referral. DESIGN: An electronic survey collected views of a nationwide cohort of health-care professionals regarding ACP and end-of-life care...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Edward McCann, Michael Brown
BACKGROUND: An inclusive health curriculum within undergraduate and continuing professional development programmes (CPD) should include issues related to people whom identify as LGBT+. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to examine the education and training requirements of undergraduate students and health professionals regarding the inclusion of LGBT+ health issues. DESIGN: A systematic review of the available published empirical studies...
February 26, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Qiang Liu, Lu-Lu Gao, Ya-Liang Dai, Yu Wang, Hai-Xia Wang, Xiang-Jiang Luo, Xiao-Min Chai, Guo-Xia Mu, Xiao-Yan Liang, Xi Zhang, Juan Liu, Jian-Qiang Yu, Yu-Xiang Li
Breakthrough pain is an extremely painful symptom that impairs quality of life in cancer patients. It negatively impacts their emotional wellbeing, physical function, and mental health. The aim of this study is to use a qualitative methodology to examine the perception of cancer patients with breakthrough pain in the Northwest of China. A semi-structured, face-to-face interview was conducted with nine cancer patients who experienced breakthrough pain; and a qualitative content analysis was performed. Five themes were generated: (1) sufferings from breakthrough cancer pain, (2) hopelessness and helplessness, (3) perception of breakthrough cancer pain and analgesia, (4) strong as a Chinese, and (5) support needed from health care system...
March 2, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Elena Neiterman, Ivy Bourgeault, Julie Peters, Victoria Esses, Elaine Dever, Rae Gropper, Christine Nielsen, Jenna Kelland, Peggy Sattler
AIMS: Bridging education for internationally trained professionals has grown in popularity, but little is known about promising practices for bridging education in allied health professions. This paper addresses this gap by examining the expected outcomes of effective bridging programs, the key features that contribute to their effectiveness, challenges faced by bridging programs, and the appropriate role of regulatory colleges, government, employers, and professional associations in bridging education...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Hooman Shahsavari, Zahra Zare, Zohreh Parsa-Yekta, Pauline Griffiths, Mojtaba Vaismoradi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The nursing student requires opportunities to learn within authentic contexts so as to enable safe and competent practice. One strategy to facilitate such learning is the creation of learning situations. A lack of studies on the learning situation in nursing and other health care fields has resulted in insufficient knowledge of the characteristics of the learning situation, its antecedents, and consequences. Nurse educators need to have comprehensive and practical knowledge of the definition and characteristics of the learning situation so as to enable their students to achieve enhanced learning outcomes...
February 1, 2018: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
Lenir Aparecida Chaves, Alzira de Oliveira Jorge, Mariangela Leal Cherchiglia, Ilka Afonso Reis, Marcos Antônio da Cunha Santos, Alaneir de Fátima Santos, Antônio Thomaz Gonzaga da Matta Machado, Eli Iola Gurgel Andrade
This cross-sectional study examined the integration of primary care in the healthcare network of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS), using the Gradual Response Model of Item Response Theory. Based on data from 17,202 teams that participated in the National Program for Access and Quality Improvement in Primary Care (PMAQ-AB, 2012), we measured gradients of integration to identify the teams' profile by level of integration. The results show that the items pertaining to matrix support measures (medical consultations, case discussions, shared clinical action, joint elaboration of therapeutic projects, permanent educational activities, work process discussions, interventions in the territory, and visits with primary care professionals) improved the performance of primary care teams...
February 19, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Susana Martín-Iglesias, M Jesús Santamaría-Martín, Ahinoa Alonso-Álvarez, Milagros Rico-Blázquez, Isabel Del Cura-González, Ricardo Rodríguez-Barrientosn, Aurora Barberá-Martín, Teresa Sanz-Cuesta, M Isabel Coghen-Vigueras, Isabel de Antonio-Ramírez, Isabel Durand-Rincón, Felisa Garrido-Rodriguez, María Jesús Geijo-Rincón, Rebeca Mielgo-Salvador, M Soledad Morales-Montalvá, M Asunción Reviriego-Gutiérrez, Carmen Rivero-Garrido, Micaela Ruiz-Calabria, M Pilar Santamaría-Mechano, Roberto Santiago-Fernández, M Isabel Sillero-Quintana, Beatriz Soto-Almendro, María Terol-Claramonte, María Villa-Arranz
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization leads a global strategy to promote the initiation and maintenance of breast-feeding. Existing literature shows that education and supportive interventions, both for breast-feeding mothers as well as for healthcare professionals, can increase the proportion of women that use exclusive breast-feeding, however, more evidence is needed on the effectiveness of group interventions. METHODS: This study involves a community-based cluster randomised trial conducted at Primary Healthcare Centres in the Community of Madrid (Spain)...
February 26, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Mariya Vizireanu, Daniel Hruschka
OBJECTIVE: This study examined perceptions of healthy eating styles among US respondents to determine whether eating styles are defined as a distinct set of people's healthy eating beliefs and how different aspects of eating styles are perceived to affect health. DESIGN: In-person pile sort activities were used to identify key dimensions of healthy eating beliefs, and online surveys were used to confirm these dimensions and examine perceived health benefits of healthy eating styles...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Janine Marie Traulsen, Louise C Druedahl
The future of the pharmacy profession and concerns about professional identity have been popular and recurring themes in professional journals and at international pharmacy conferences for more than 30 years. The aim of this paper is to contribute to realistic and viable visions for the future of the pharmacy profession via insights through labor market and work organization theories. These insights provide an understanding of contemporary work patterns and what they mean for the future role of community pharmacists...
February 17, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Jamie K Fujioka, Raza M Mirza, P Lynn McDonald, Christopher A Klinger
RESEARCH AIMS: With the growing interest in Medical Assistance in Dying (MAiD), understanding health care professionals' roles and experiences in handling requests is necessary to evaluate the quality, consistency and efficacy of current practices. This scoping study sought to map the existing literature on health care providers' perspectives of their involvement in MAiD. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted to address the following: (1) What are the roles of diverse health care professionals in the provision of MAiD? and (2) What professional challenges arise when confronted with MAiD requests? A literature search in electronic databases and grey literature sources was performed...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
Deborah A Raines
OBJECTIVE: To explore factors that influence parental behaviors related to newborn sleep positions and environments in the home after hospital discharge. DESIGN: A descriptive qualitative study conducted by telephone. SETTING: A 290-bed academic teaching hospital in an urban setting with a Level 3 perinatal center and approximately 4,500 births per year. PARTICIPANTS: Participants (N = 60) were recruited from the patient population of the mother-baby unit...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Andi Hermansyah, Dyah Pitaloka, Erica Sainsbury, Ines Krass
INTRODUCTION: The nature of community pharmacy in many countries has changed. Despite the significant efforts made to change practice, there is a paucity of literature that highlights consensus on the approaches that should be prioritised for advancing practice particularly in the context of developing countries. OBJECTIVE: To systematically identify and prioritise a range of potential recommendations to improve practice in Indonesian community pharmacy from the perspective of pharmacy stakeholders...
February 15, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Shelli L Feder, David Collett, Samantha Conley, Dena Schulman-Green, Tikva Meron, Nathan Cherny
BACKGROUND: In Israel, palliative care (PC) services are limited. This study assessed Israeli nurses' perceived competencies and educational needs in providing PC. DESIGN: Online administration of the End-of-Life Professional Caregiver Survey (EPCS). SETTING/SUBJECTS: Oncology and PC nurses were identified through the Israel Ministry of Health and Oncology Nurses' Society. MEASUREMENTS: Demographic and practice data were analysed using analysis of variance tests to determine differences between nurse characteristics by EPCS domains...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
Mayumi Kako, Karen Hammad, Satoko Mitani, Paul Arbon
OBJECTIVES: This review was conducted to explore the literature to determine the availability, content, and evaluation of existing chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) education programs for health professionals. METHODS: An integrative review of the international literature describing disaster education for CBRN (2004-2016) was conducted. The following relevant databases were searched: Proquest, Pubmed, Science Direct, Scopus, Journals @ OVID, Google Scholar, Medline, and Ichuschi ver...
February 19, 2018: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
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