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Health professionals educational needs analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448883/exploring-the-attitudes-knowledge-and-beliefs-of-nurses-and-midwives-of-the-healthcare-needs-of-the-lgbtq-population-an-integrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Kate Stewart, Pauline O'Reilly
OBJECTIVES: To explore current literature surrounding the knowledge, beliefs and attitudes of nurses and midwives of the healthcare needs of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer (LGBTQ) patients and their influence on equal and non-discriminatory care for LGBTQ individuals. DESIGN: Systematic integrative review. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, InterNurse. REVIEW METHODS: This integrative review used Wakefield's (2014) framework to establish the knowledge, beliefs and attitudes of nurses and midwives of the healthcare needs of LGBTQ patients...
April 18, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440578/developing-social-marketed-individual-preconception-care-consultations-which-consumer-preferences-should-it-meet
#2
Sabine F van Voorst, Chantal A Ten Kate, Lieke C de Jong-Potjer, Eric A P Steegers, Semiha Denktaş
AIMS: Preconception care (PCC) is care that aims to improve the health of offspring by addressing risk factors in the pre-pregnancy period. Consultations are recognized as a method to promote perinatal health. However, prospective parents underutilize PCC services. Uptake can improve if delivery approaches satisfy consumer preferences. Aim of this study was to identify preferences of women (consumers) as a first step to social marketed individual PCC consultations. METHODS: In depth, semi-structured interviews were performed to identify women's views regarding the four components of the social marketing model: product (individual PCC consultation), place (setting), promotion (how women are made aware of the product) and price (costs)...
April 25, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428673/migrant-general-practitioners-experiences-of-using-interpreters-in-health-care-a-qualitative-explorative-study
#3
Ferid Krupic, Kristian Samuelsson, Nabi Fatahi, Olof Skoldenberg, Arkan S Sayed-Noor
BACKGROUND: According to the UNHCR, 250 million people currently live outside their country of birth. The growing multicultural population poses a major challenge to healthcare professionals who aim to provide individualized, holistic care, which respects the individual's autonomy. To ensure basic rights, healthcare interventions should be guided by the value of benefiting others; individuals should be treated honestly, equally, and impartially. OBJECTIVE: To investigate immigrant doctors' experiences of using interpreters in the Swedish health-care system...
February 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427338/-working-is-out-of-the-question-a-qualitative-text-analysis-of-medical-certificates-of-disability
#4
Guri Aarseth, Bård Natvig, Eivind Engebretsen, Anne Kveim Lie
BACKGROUND: Medical certificates influence the distribution of economic benefits in welfare states; however, the qualitative aspects of these texts remain largely unexplored. The present study is the first systematic investigation done of these texts. Our aim was to investigate how GPs select and mediate information about their patients' health and how they support their conclusions about illness, functioning and fitness for work in medical certificates. METHODS: We performed a textual analysis of thirty-three medical certificates produced by general practitioners (GP) in Norway at the request of the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425614/stigmatization-and-self-determination-of-preregistration-nurses-a-path-analysis
#5
Dana Perlman, Renee Brighton, Chris Patterson, Lorna Moxham, Ellie K Taylor, Susan Sumskis, Tim Heffernan
The concept of stigma and the stigmatizing behaviours of health-care professionals can have a profound influence on people with mental illness. A key construct that has been identified as influencing our behaviours is self-determination. As such, in the present study, we attempted to examine the connection and influence of motivational measures on the stigmatization of preregistration nurses. Data were collected once using three surveys that measured the motivational responses and stigmatizing behaviours of preregistration nurses after an approved mental health clinical placement...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413842/-i-do-not-have-time-is-there-a-handout-i-can-use-combining-physicians-needs-and-behavior-change-theory-to-put-physical-activity-evidence-into-practice
#6
R E Clark, C McArthur, A Papaioannou, A M Cheung, J Laprade, L Lee, R Jain, L M Giangregorio
Guidelines for physical activity exist and following them would improve health. Physicians can advise patients on physical activity. We found barriers related to physicians' knowledge, a lack of tools and of physician incentives, and competing demands for limited time with a patient. We discuss interventions that could reduce these barriers. INTRODUCTION: Uptake of physical activity (PA) guidelines would improve health and reduce mortality in older adults. However, physicians face barriers in guideline implementation, particularly when faced with needing to tailor recommendations in the presence of chronic disease...
April 17, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410172/adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivorship-educational-programming-a-qualitative-evaluation
#7
Deborah Vollmer Dahlke, Kayla Fair, Yan Alicia Hong, Debra Kellstedt, Marcia G Ory
BACKGROUND: This program evaluation considers the need for increased professional and patient education for adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivorship. Due to the high incidence of late effects of cancer treatment among AYA cancer survivors, knowledge sharing and communications are needed throughout the transition from cancer care into community care. AYA survivors are likely to need developmentally appropriate psychosocial care as well as extensive follow-on surveillance by physicians who are educated and aware of the likely chronic conditions and late effects that may occur in these patients...
February 10, 2017: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407725/experiences-of-hospital-readmission-and-receiving-formal-carer-services-following-spinal-cord-injury-a-qualitative-study-to-identify-needs
#8
Sandra C Braaf, Alyse Lennox, Andrew Nunn, Belinda J Gabbe
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to explore the needs of people living with spinal cord injury, receiving formal carer and hospital services. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This exploratory qualitative study was undertaken with people living with spinal cord injury in metropolitan or regional Victoria. Participants were recruited through the Australian Quadriplegic Association. Twenty-two in-depth interviews were conducted between September and October 2015. Participants were purposely selected based on their age, gender, level of injury, and compensation status...
April 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406106/using-forum-play-to-prevent-abuse-in-health-care-organizations-a-qualitative-study-exploring-potentials-and-limitations-for-learning
#9
A Jelmer Brüggemann, Alma Persson
BACKGROUND: Abuse in health care organizations is a pressing issue for caregivers. Forum play, a participatory theater model, has been used among health care staff to learn about and work against abuse. This small-scale qualitative study aims to explore how forum play participants experience the potentials and limitations of forum play as an educational model for continued professional learning at a hospital clinic. METHODS: Fifteen of 41 members of staff of a Swedish nephrology clinic, primarily nurses, voluntarily participated in either one or two forum play workshops, where they shared experiences and together practiced working against abuse in everyday health care situations...
September 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405582/telehealth-to-expand-community-health-nurse-education-in-rural-guatemala-a-pilot-feasibility-and-acceptability-evaluation
#10
REVIEW
Kelly A McConnell, Lyndsay K Krisher, Maureen Lenssen, Maya Bunik, Saskia Bunge Montes, Gretchen J Domek
Telehealth education has the potential to serve as an important, low-cost method of expanding healthcare worker education and support, especially in rural settings of low- and middle-income countries. We describe an innovative educational strategy to strengthen a long-term health professional capacity building partnership between Guatemalan and US-based partners. In this pilot evaluation, community health nurses in rural Guatemala received customized, interactive education via telehealth from faculty at the supporting US-based institution...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401136/patient-family-physician-and-community-pharmacist-perspectives-on-expanded-pharmacy-scope-of-practice-a-qualitative-study
#11
Maoliosa Donald, Kathryn King-Shier, Ross T Tsuyuki, Yazid N Al Hamarneh, Charlotte A Jones, Braden Manns, Marcello Tonelli, Wendy Tink, Nairne Scott-Douglas, Brenda R Hemmelgarn
BACKGROUND: The RxEACH trial was a randomized trial to evaluate the efficacy of community pharmacy-based case finding and intervention in patients at high risk for cardiovascular (CV) events. Community-dwelling patients with poorly controlled risk factors were identified and their CV risk reduced through patient education, prescribing and follow-up by their pharmacist. Perspectives of patients, family physicians and community pharmacists were obtained regarding pharmacists' identification and management of patients at high risk for CV events, to identify strategies to facilitate implementation of the pharmacist's expanded role in routine patient care...
January 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399912/the-challenges-of-military-medical-education-and-training-for-physicians-and-nurses-in-the-nordic-countries-an-interview-study
#12
Linda Sonesson, Kenneth Boffard, Lars Lundberg, Martin Rydmark, Klas Karlgren
BACKGROUND: Development and use of e-learning has not taken place to the same extent in military medicine in the Nordic countries. The aim was to explore the similarities and differences in education and training in military medicine for health professionals in the Nordic countries, and more specifically to identify the specific challenges regarding education and training of military medicine, and how e-learning is used at present and the opportunities for the future. METHODS: Key educators within military medicine in the Nordic countries, as approved by the respective Surgeons General, were interviewed and the interviews were analyzed using content analysis...
April 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394040/pain-related-unscheduled-contact-with-healthcare-services-after-outpatient-surgery
#13
L D Brix, K T Bjørnholdt, T M Thillemann, L Nikolajsen
This prospective, observational study explored the need for pain-related unscheduled contact with healthcare services after outpatient surgery. We hypothesised that 10% of outpatients would have pain-related unscheduled contact with healthcare services, and that the incidence would differ depending on the type of surgical procedure. In total, 905 patients who had undergone one of five common outpatient surgical procedures (knee or shoulder arthroscopy, surgical correction of hallux valgus, laparoscopic cholecystectomy or laparoscopic gynaecological procedures) completed an electronic questionnaire one week and eight weeks after surgery...
April 10, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393607/ethics-interventions-for-healthcare-professionals-and-students-a-systematic-review
#14
Minna Stolt, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Minka Ruokonen, Hanna Repo, Riitta Suhonen
BACKGROUND: The ethics and value bases in healthcare are widely acknowledged. There is a need to improve and raise awareness of ethics in complex systems and in line with competing needs, different stakeholders and patients' rights. Evidence-based strategies and interventions for the development of procedures and practice have been used to improve care and services. However, it is not known whether and to what extent ethics can be developed using interventions. OBJECTIVES: To examine ethics interventions conducted on healthcare professionals and healthcare students to achieve ethics-related outcomes...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391604/health-care-professionals-concerns-regarding-in-hospital-family-witnessed-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-implementation-into-clinical-practice
#15
Natalia Sak-Dankosky, Paweł Andruszkiewicz, Paula R Sherwood, Tarja Kvist
BACKGROUND: In-hospital, family-witnessed cardiopulmonary resuscitation of adults has been found to help patients' family members deal with the short- and long-term emotional consequences of resuscitation. Because of its benefits, many national and international nursing and medical organizations officially recommend this practice. Research, however, shows that family-witnessed resuscitation is not widely implemented in clinical practice, and health care professionals generally do not favour this recommendation...
April 9, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384003/qualifications-and-competencies-for-population-health-management-positions-a-content-analysis-of-job-postings
#16
Melanie Meyer
The need for population health management expertise has increased as the health care industry shifts toward value-based care. However, many organizations report hiring gaps as they seek to fill positions. The purpose of this study was to analyze the types of population health management positions for which health care organizations are hiring, including qualifications and competencies required for these positions. A content analysis was conducted on 271 job postings collected during a 2-month period. A typology of qualifications and competencies was developed based on the content analysis...
April 6, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373970/a-review-of-global-health-competencies-for-postgraduate-public-health-education
#17
REVIEW
Shailendra Sawleshwarkar, Joel Negin
During the last decade, the literature about global health has grown exponentially. Academic institutions are also exploring the scope of their public health educational programs to meet the demand for a global health professional. This has become more relevant in the context of the sustainable development goals. There have been attempts to describe global health competencies for specific professional groups. The focus of these competencies has been variable with a variety of different themes being described ranging from globalization and health care, analysis and program management, as well as equity and capacity strengthening...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358778/presurgical-concerns-of-primary-family-caregivers-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#18
Li-Chun Yu, Li-Chin Chen, Hsiu-Chen Lin, Yueh-E Lin, Chia-Hsieh Chang, Shu-Ching Chen
BACKGROUND: Primary family caregivers (PFCs) of children with cerebral palsy have many worries and concerns when their children face orthopedic surgery. Levels of PFC stress about the upcoming surgery is related to the child's level of gross motor function as well as the support they receive from medical professionals. PURPOSE: The purposes of the present study were to (1) explore the levels of concern about orthopedic surgery; and (2) explore the predictive factors associated with concerns about orthopedic surgery among PFCs of children with cerebral palsy during the preoperative period...
March 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356722/from-therapeutic-patient-education-principles-to-educative-attitude-the-perceptions-of-health-care-professionals-a-pragmatic-approach-for-defining-competencies-and-resources
#19
Benoit Pétré, Remi Gagnayre, Vincent De Andrade, Olivier Ziegler, Michèle Guillaume
Educative attitude is an essential, if implicit, aspect of training to acquire competency in therapeutic patient education (TPE). With multiple (or nonexistent) definitions in the literature, however, the concept needs clarification. The primary aim of this study was to analyze the representations and transformations experienced by health care professionals in the course of TPE training in order to characterize educative attitude. We conducted an exploratory qualitative study using several narrative research-based tools with participants of two TPE continuing education courses...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356213/organizational-readiness-for-change-preceptor-perceptions-regarding-early-immersion-of-student-pharmacists-in-health-system-practice
#20
Kimberly A Sanders, Michael D Wolcott, Jacqueline E McLaughlin, Amanda D'Ostroph, Christopher M Shea, Nicole R Pinelli
PURPOSE: To examine preceptors' perceptions regarding readiness for change pre- and post-implementation of a pilot early immersion program engaging student pharmacists in direct patient care. METHODS: Student pharmacists enrolled in the second professional year of a Doctor of Pharmacy degree program completed a four-week health-system introductory pharmacy practice experience (IPPE) which was modified to include direct patient care roles in operational (drug preparation and dispensing) and clinical (comprehensive medication management) pharmacy environments...
March 10, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
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