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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806863/influence-of-gender-working-field-and-psychosocial-factors-on-the-vulnerability-for-burnout-in-mental-hospital-staff-results-of-an-austrian-cross-sectional-study
#1
Petra Schadenhofer, Michael Kundi, Heidemarie Abrahamian, Harald Stummer, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer
INTRODUCTION: According to the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA), hospitals represent a work environment with high job strain. Prolonged perceived occupational stress may result in symptoms of burnout, such as emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP) and reduced personal accomplishment (PA). Understanding which factors may reduce vulnerability for burnout is an important requirement for well-targeted occupational stress prevention in mental hospital staff...
August 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806431/association-between-personality-traits-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Javier Montero, Cristina Gómez-Polo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among subjects with typical, atypically positive, and atypically negative personality trait scores within the five basic dimensions of personality (neuroticism, extroversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 235 subjects not seeking dental treatment were recruited from the families and acquaintances of dental students from the University of Salamanca...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806418/seasonality-affects-dietary-diversity-of-school-age-children-in-northern-ghana
#3
Abdul-Razak Abizari, Fusta Azupogo, Miwako Nagasu, Noortje Creemers, Inge D Brouwer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dietary diversity score (DDS) is relatively easy to measure and is shown to be a very useful indicator of the probability of adequate micronutrient intake. Dietary diversity, however, is usually assessed during a single period and little is known about the effect of seasonality on it. This study investigates whether dietary diversity is influenced by seasonality. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted in two different seasons-dry season (October 2010) and rainy season (May 2011) among the same school-age children (SAC) in two rural schools in northern Ghana...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806278/ce-original-research-the-experience-of-transitioning-to-a-caregiving-role-for-a-family-member-with-alzheimer-s-disease-or-related-dementia
#4
Kathleen Czekanski
Study findings suggest several areas for further research. ABSTRACT: Background: Alzheimer's disease is a chronic, debilitating disease that currently affects an estimated 5.5 million Americans. The majority are being cared for at home by family caregivers, who are known to have higher levels of burden than any other group of caregivers. PURPOSE: The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the lived experiences of people who transition to the role of caregiver for a family member with Alzheimer's disease or a related dementia...
August 10, 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806230/a-multifaceted-model-to-evaluate-interprofessional-education-in-clinical-nurse-specialist-programs
#5
Heather Becker, Gayle M Timmerman, Carole Delville, EunJin Seo
PURPOSE: Preparing students to engage in team-based healthcare is a major focus of clinical nurse specialist (CNS) education programs. A robust evaluation plan is needed to monitor achievement of key outcomes in this complex undertaking. DESCRIPTION: Informed by the work of Kirkpatrick and Stufflebeam, an evaluation model that incorporates multiple information sources about process and outcomes related to interprofessional (IP) education is proposed. OUTCOME: Improvements in scores on attitude and competency measures suggest that the program had the desired effects on students' attitudes and self-efficacy for IP collaboration and was validated by faculty clinical observations of IP communication and teamwork...
September 2017: Clinical Nurse Specialist CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806026/physician-perceptions-of-barriers-to-advance-care-planning
#6
Lauren Fanta, Jill Tyler
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have confirmed the importance of advance care planning. Despite the benefits of directed end-of-life discussions, a variety of barriers including discomfort with the topic, physician ideology, lack of time and reimbursement, delaying discussions, and lack of training impede physicians from facilitating these crucial conversations with their patients. This study aims to understand physicians' perceptions to additional barriers to advance care planning with patients and their families...
July 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805702/study-on-the-status-of-health-service-utilization-among-caregivers-of-left-behind-children-in-poor-rural-areas-of-hunan-province-a-baseline-survey
#7
Meimei Ji, Yefu Zhang, Jiaojiao Zou, Tong Yuan, Amber Tang, Jing Deng, Lina Yang, Mingzhi Li, Jihua Chen, Hong Qin, Qian Lin
BACKGROUND: The caregivers of left-behind children (CLBC) in China's poor, rural areas are mostly elderly and women. Their health status and access to health services have not been previously characterized. This study aims to explore the status of CLBC in terms of their health service utilization and to provide a scientific basis for guiding effective implementation of health policy in rural Hunan. METHODS: Random cluster sampling was used to survey CLBC in two rural counties...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805423/patterns-of-psychiatric-emergency-department-utilization-among-community-dwelling-medicare-beneficiaries-under-65
#8
Jingjing Qian, Saranrat Wittayanukorn, Richard A Hansen
This study estimated patterns and trends in all-cause (any reason, including psychiatry related) and psychiatric emergency department (ED) utilization among Medicare beneficiaries under 65 who were residing in community settings (i.e., noninstitutionalized or in their own homes). Medicare beneficiaries under the age of 65 enrolled in Medicare for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) due to permanent physical or mental disabilities are a population with poor health conditions and high utilization of health services; however, this vulnerable population has received limited attention from researchers and policymakers compared to the Medicare beneficiaries 65 years and older...
August 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805403/where-s-the-lgbt-in-integrated-care-research-a-systematic-review
#9
Rachel L Hughes, Catherine Damin, Katie Heiden-Rootes
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals experience more negative health outcomes compared with their heterosexual peers. The health disparities are often related to family and social rejection of the LGBT individuals. Integrated care, and Medical Family Therapy in particular, may aid in addressing the systemic nature of the negative health outcomes. METHOD: To better understand the current state of the integrated care literature on addressing the health needs of LGBT individuals, a systematic review of the research literature was conducted from January 2000 to January 2016 for articles including integrated health care interventions for LGBT populations...
August 14, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805350/predicting-student-success-in-nurse-practitioner-programs
#10
Angela Richard-Eaglin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Criteria for admission to nurse practitioner (NP) and other professional programs provide a snapshot of students' potential for success in those programs. Critical examination of admission criteria is a vital component of ensuring timely matriculation and completion of NP programs. The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship between admission criteria and student progression and completion of NP programs. METHODS: A retrospective review of 150 randomly selected student records from a total of 232 available records was conducted...
August 14, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805175/outcomes-of-a-psycho-education-and-monitoring-programme-to-prevent-compulsory-admission-to-psychiatric-inpatient-care-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
B Lay, W Kawohl, W Rössler
BACKGROUND: There is a need for interventions that effectively reduce compulsory admission to psychiatry. We conducted a randomised controlled trial to investigate whether an innovative intervention programme prevents compulsory re-admission in people with serious mental illness. METHODS: The programme addresses primarily patients' self-management skills. It consists of individualised psychoeducation focusing on behaviours prior to and during illness-related crises, crisis cards and, after discharge from the psychiatric hospital, a 24-month preventive monitoring...
August 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805154/mental-health-literacy-stigma-and-perception-of-causation-of-mental-illness-among-chinese-people-in-taiwan
#12
Xiao Yu Zhuang, Daniel Fu Keung Wong, Chi-Wei Cheng, Shu-Man Pan
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been performed to explore mental health literacy and stigmatising attitudes towards mental illness and their relationships with causal beliefs about mental illness among Chinese people in Taiwan. AIMS: Using a comparative approach, this study attempted to compare the mental health literacy and stigmatising attitudes of Taiwanese Chinese with those found among Australian and Japanese participants in other studies and to explore how mental health literacy and stigmatising attitudes relate to different perceptions of causes of mental illness...
September 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805128/the-reception-of-broadcast-terrorism-recruitment-and-radicalisation
#13
Edgar Jones
The declaration of a caliphate by Islamic State in June 2014 witnessed the recruitment of increasing numbers of foreign terrorist fighters drawn from a diverse range of nations across the globe. This paper seeks to explore the appeal of extreme groups and how recruiters persuade young people to risk either their lives or lengthy terms of imprisonment. The processes of radicalization and recruitment are differentiated and compared with conventional means of encouraging individuals to enlist in state-sanctioned armed forces...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805124/migration-violence-and-the-role-of-psychiatry-in-italy
#14
Antonio Ventriglio, Antonello Bellomo, Giovanna Vitrani, Eleonora Stella, Alessandro Gentile, Dinesh Bhugra
Immigration to Italy has been increasing exponentially in the last decades due to the international political changes and conflicts in the Middle East. The relationship between immigration and crimes is a debated issue, and violent radicalization of second or third generations of migrants is under increased scrutiny. Consequently, many politicians and political parties use nationalist and xenophobic language. Inevitably, this will have an impact on reactions of the larger population, as well as that of migrants...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804997/does-dental-hygienist-professional-education-meet-the-needs-of-working-life-educators-views
#15
T-L Jokiaho, P Kaakinen, J I Virtanen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the compatibility of dental hygienist education with working life from the perspective of their educators. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study among principal educators of dental hygienists in Finland in 2012-2013. The participants were leading educators of dental hygienists (n = 13) from the four Finnish education units. We used semi-structured interviews based on previous Nordic studies to collect the data and analysed them using inductive content analysis...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804995/assessing-the-need-for-arthritis-training-among-paid-carers-in-uk-residential-care-homes-a-focus-group-and-interview-study
#16
Paul Whybrow, Suzanne Moffatt, Lesley Kay, Ben Thompson, Terry Aspray, Rachel Duncan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to perform an educational and training needs assessment for arthritis care in residential homes. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected from three purposively selected residential homes: one independent, one in a regional chain and one in a national chain. Three researcher-led focus groups were conducted with paid carers (N = 22) using vignette exercises; interviews were undertaken with 12 residents with joint pain (N = 12), five managerial staff and two general practitioners (GPs)...
August 14, 2017: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804653/college-students-perceptions-of-worry-and-parent-beliefs-associations-with-behaviors-to-prevent-sun-exposure
#17
Robert A Yockey, Laura A Nabors, Oladunni Oluwoye, Kristen Welker, Angelica M Hardee
More research is needed to understand how attitudes impact behaviors that afford sun protection. The current study examined the impact of students' perceptions of parental beliefs about sun exposure and its influence on their practiced sun protection behaviors and worry about sun exposure. Participants were college students (N = 462) at a large Midwestern university. They completed a survey to examine their perceptions of risks and messages about sun exposure and sun exposure behaviors. Results indicated that gender and students' perceptions of parental beliefs about sun exposure were related to sun protection behaviors and their own worry over sun exposure...
2017: Journal of Skin Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804652/use-of-over-the-counter-medication-among-pregnant-women-in-sharjah-united-arab-emirates
#18
Abduelmula R Abduelkarem, Hafsa Mustafa
BACKGROUND: Over-the-counter medications are widely available in pharmacies Their safety profile, however, does not extend to pregnant women. Accordingly, there should be educational programs developed for pregnant women to protect them from the harms of the side effects. AIM: This study was planned and designed with the aim of exploring the awareness and assessing the usage of OTC medications among pregnant women in Sharjah, UAE. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804582/how-do-patients-perceive-and-expect-quality-of-surgery-diagnostics-and-emergency-services-in-tertiary-care-hospitals-an-evidence-of-gap-analysis-from-pakistan
#19
Iram Fatima, Ayesha Humayun, Muhammad Imran Anwar, Adil Iftikhar, Muhammad Aslam, Muhammad Shafiq
OBJECTIVES: Service quality is one of the important gears to appraise services and determine the gray areas that need improvement. In countries with a resource-poor health system, the first step of measuring quality is yet to be taken. This study seeks to inform policy makers in developing contextual service quality models by identifying service quality gaps in tertiary care teaching hospitals using patients' perspective. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed using multistage cluster sampling, and a modified version of the SERVQUAL (SERV-service, QUAL-quality) instrument was administered to determine patient's expectations and perceptions...
July 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804397/impact-of-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-on-adherence-to-oral-hypoglycemics-in-older-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus-in-canada
#20
Lia Gentil, Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Djamal Berbiche, Michel Préville
The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is increasing in Canada, and nonadherence to oral hypoglycemics is a common problem among older adults. This study aims to document the impact of depression and anxiety disorders on adherence to oral hypoglycemics in older adults with diabetes mellitus. Data used in this study came from the longitudinal Quebec survey on senior's health (Enquête sur la Santé des Ainés), using a representative sample of 2811 older adults aged 65 and over. The final sample for analysis consisted of 301 patients who received oral hypoglycemic pharmacotherapy...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
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