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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938731/the-importance-of-genetic-parenthood-for-infertile-men-and-women
#1
S Hendriks, K Peeraer, H Bos, S Repping, E A F Dancet
STUDY QUESTION: Do men and women beginning to attend a fertility clinic prefer genetic over non-genetic parenthood? SUMMARY ANSWER: Nearly, all infertile men and women prefer genetic parenthood. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Clinicians assume that all infertile couples prefer genetic parenthood over non-genetic parenthood and, therefore, consider treatments with donor gametes an option of last resort. Previous studies of the desire for parenthood identified 30 motivations for genetic parenthood, and 51 motivations for which having a genetically related child is not strictly necessary but might be deemed required...
October 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938682/mental-health-of-the-old-and-new-generation-migrant-workers-in-china-who-are-at-greater-risk-for-psychological-distress
#2
Bao-Liang Zhong, Sandra S M Chan, Tie-Bang Liu, Dong Jin, Chi-Yi Hu, Helen F K Chiu
Rural-to-urban migrant workers (MWs) are a large vulnerable population in China and, recently, the new-generation MWs (those born in 1980 or later) have become the majority of this population. Examining difference in the epidemiology of poor mental health between the new- and old-generation (those born before 1980) MWs would facilitate mental health promotion efforts. However, very few related studies are available and they produced conflicting findings. This study investigated intergenerational difference in prevalence and correlates of psychological distress (PD) in MWs...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938406/ct-derived-body-fat-distribution-and-incident-cardiovascular-disease-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#3
Morgana L Mongraw-Chaffin, Matthew A Allison, Gregory L Burke, Michael H Criqui, Kunihiro Matsushita, Pamela Ouyang, Ravi V Shah, Christina M Shay, Cheryl A M Anderson
Background: Visceral fat has been shown to be associated with increased cardiometabolic risk, but the role of subcutaneous fat remains unclear, and evidence from diverse populations is lacking. We hypothesized that visceral, but not subcutaneous fat, would be independently associated with incident cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality. Methods: Among 1,910 participants from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis with abdominal fat measurements from computed tomography (CT) scans and followed for an average of 9...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938303/optimizing-education-in-difficult-airway-management-meeting-the-challenge
#4
Sheila N Myatra, Rupali S Kalkundre, Jigeeshu V Divatia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The last 2 decades have seen a vast change in the science and technology of airway management. As a result, there is an increasing need to equip anesthesiologists with the new knowledge and skills for the safe management of a difficult airway. RECENT FINDINGS: In addition to knowledge and expertise, human factors and nontechnical skills (NTS), including situational awareness, communication and team work, play an important role during difficult airway management and contribute to the outcome...
September 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938180/-asking-the-hard-questions-improving-midwifery-students-confidence-with-domestic-violence-screening-in-pregnancy
#5
Rachel Smith, Raechel Wight, Caroline S E Homer
Domestic violence is a global public health issue. Midwives are ideally placed to screen for, and respond to, disclosure of domestic violence. Qualified midwives and midwifery students report a lack of preparedness and low levels of confidence in working with women who disclose domestic violence. This paper reports the findings from an education intervention designed to increase midwifery students' confidence in working with pregnant women who disclose domestic violence. An authentic practice video and associated interactive workshop was developed to bring the 'woman' into the classroom and to provide role-modelling of exemplary midwifery practice in screening for and responding to disclosure of domestic violence...
May 22, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938139/hpv-literacy-and-its-link-to-initiation-and-completion-of-hpv-vaccine-among-young-adults%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-minnesota
#6
H Y Lee, J Lee, C Henning-Smith, J Choi
OBJECTIVES: This study identifies whether, and how, human papillomavirus (HPV) literacy and predisposing, enabling, and need factors are associated with HPV vaccine initiation and completion among young adults in Minnesota. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey design. METHODS: Using a sample of 170 young adults (aged 18-26 years), we used logistic regression models to identify factors associated with HPV vaccination initiation and completion, including HPV literacy, adjusting for relevant predisposing, enabling, and need factors...
September 19, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938126/the-need-for-theory-evaluation-in-global-citizenship-programmes-the-case-of-the-gcsa-programme
#7
Sarah Goodier, Carren Field, Suki Goodman
Many education programmes lack a documented programme theory. This is a problem for programme planners and evaluators as the ability to measure programme success is grounded in the plausibility of the programme's underlying causal logic. Where the programme theory has not been documented, conducting a theory evaluation offers a foundational evaluation step as it gives an indication of whether the theory behind a programme is sound. This paper presents a case of a theory evaluation of a Global Citizenship programme at a top-ranking university in South Africa, subsequently called the GCSA Programme...
August 24, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938105/how-people-from-ethnic-minorities-describe-their-experiences-of-managing-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#8
REVIEW
Virginia Jones, Marie Crowe
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of diabetes is well-documented along with the findings that some ethnic minorities have a higher prevalence than non-minority individuals. Along with possible biological differences between ethnicities, access to economic, social, cultural and symbolic capital may impact on the success of managing type-2 diabetes. OBJECTIVES: To examine how people from ethnic minorities in Western countries describe their experiences of managing type-2 diabetes mellitus...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938098/an-integrative-review-on-conflict-management-styles-among-nursing-students-implications-for-nurse-education
#9
REVIEW
Leodoro J Labrague, Denise M McEnroe-Petitte
OBJECTIVES: Nurse education plays a critical role in the achievement of conflict management skills in nursing students. However, a wider perspective on this concept has not been explored. This paper is a report of a review appraising and synthesizing existing empirical studies describing conflict management styles among nursing students. DESIGN: An integrative review method guided this review. DATA SOURCES: Five (5) bibliographic databases (CINAHL, Medline, Psych Info, Embase and SCOPUS) were searched to locate relevant articles...
September 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938078/online-lactation-education-for-healthcare-providers-a-theoretical-approach-to-understanding-learning-outcomes
#10
Amanda L Watkins, Joan E Dodgson, Darya Bonds McClain
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding competencies are not standardized in healthcare education for any of the health professions. A few continuing education/professional development programs have been implemented, but research regarding the efficacy of these programs is scarce. Research aim: After a 45-hour lactation course, (a) Does breastfeeding knowledge increase? (b) Do beliefs and attitudes about infant feeding improve? (c) Does perceived behavioral control over performance of evidence-based lactation support practices increase? and (d) Do intentions to carry out evidence-based lactation support practices increase? METHODS: A nonexperimental pretest-posttest self-report survey design was conducted with a nonprobability sample of participants ( N = 71) in a lactation course...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938045/a-call-to-action-infectious-diseases-medical-educators-needed
#11
Brian S Schwartz, Peter V Chin-Hong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937932/health-and-safety-in-organic-farming-a-qualitative-study
#12
Francisco Soto Mas, Alexis J Handal, Rose E Rohrer, Eric Tomalá Viteri
OBJECTIVE: To explore health and safety issues in organic farming, specifically among small farmers in central New Mexico. METHODS: Participants included 10 certified organic producers and 20 workers. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and observations. RESULTS: The sample consisted of a young, educated, low experienced population which may differ from conventional farmers. Both producers and workers seemed to be aware of the health risks involved with small-scale farming...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937874/can-a-label-help-me-drink-in-moderation-a-review-of-the-evidence-on-standard-drink-labelling
#13
Ashley Wettlaufer
INTRODUCTION: Understanding the concept of a standard drink (SD) is foundational knowledge to many public health policies aimed at reducing alcohol-related harms. These policies include adhering to low-risk drinking guidelines, screening brief intervention and referral activities, and counter alcohol-impaired driving initiatives. A lack of awareness of SDs might preclude the effectiveness of these interventions. A systematic review was conducted to review the evidence about how effective alcohol labels are in communicating SD information to the consumer...
September 22, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937512/obstetricians-and-gynecologists-of-the-future-a-survey-of-medical-students-applying-to-residency
#14
Meredith J Alston, Amy Meg Autry, Sarah A Wagner, Abigail Winkel, Amanda A Allshouse, Alyssa Stephenson-Famy
OBJECTIVE: To understand the characteristics and career goals of medical students selecting a career in obstetrics and gynecology. METHODS: In 2015-2016, medical students invited for interviews for obstetrics and gynecology residency at the University of Colorado, University of Washington, University of California San Francisco, Loyola University, and New York University received a voluntary 20-item electronic survey regarding factors influencing their choice of medical specialty...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937447/community-general-pediatricians-perspectives-on-providing-autism-diagnoses-in-ontario-canada-a-qualitative-study
#15
Melanie Penner, Gillian A King, Laura Hartman, Evdokia Anagnostou, Michelle Shouldice, Charlotte Moore Hepburn
OBJECTIVE: Community general pediatricians (CGPs) are a potential resource to increase capacity for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnostic assessments. The objective of this study was to explore factors influencing CGPs' perspectives on and practices of providing ASD diagnoses. METHODS: This qualitative study used a constructivist modified grounded theory approach. Participants included CGPs who had attended ASD educational events or had referred a child with suspected ASD to a tertiary rehabilitation center...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936925/gay-men-s-understanding-and-education-of-new-hiv-prevention-technologies-in-vancouver-canada
#16
Benjamin J Klassen, Nathan J Lachowsky, Sally Yue Lin, Joshua B Edward, Sarah A Chown, Robert S Hogg, David M Moore, Eric A Roth
Effective rollout of HIV treatment-based prevention such as pre-exposure prophylaxis and treatment as prevention has been hampered by poor education, limited acceptability, and stigma among gay men. We undertook a thematic analysis regarding the education sources and acceptability of these New Prevention Technologies (NPTs) using 15 semistructured interviews with gay men in Vancouver, Canada, who were early adopters of NPTs. NPT education was derived from a variety of sources, including the Internet, health care providers, community organizations, sexual partners, and peers; participants also emphasized their own capacities as learners and educators...
October 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936545/open-tracheostomy-training-a-nationwide-survey-among-otolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-residents
#17
Limor Muallem-Kalmovich, Jacob Pitaro, Ayman Asaly, Alex Kessler, Ephraim Eviatar, Moran Shteiner, Tal Marom
The aim of this study was to examine the training methods and needs of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (OTO-HNS) residents to independently perform open tracheostomy (OT). An anonymous 26-items questionnaire pertaining to OT teaching aspects was distributed to all 93 Israeli OTO-HNS residents during March-June 2016. Residents were categorized as 'juniors,' if they were in their post-graduate year (PGY)-1 and PGY-2; 'mid-residency' (PGY-3 and PGY-4); or 'seniors' (PGY-5 and PGY-6). Response rate was 74% (n = 69)...
September 21, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936422/forgotten-excluded-or-included-students-with-disabilities-a-case-study-at-the-university-of-mauritius
#18
Sameerchand Pudaruth, Rajendra P Gunputh, Upasana G Singh
BACKGROUND: Students with disabilities in the tertiary education sector are more than a just a phenomenon, they are a reality. In general, little attention is devoted to their needs despite the fact that they need more care and attention. OBJECTIVES: This paper, through a case study at the University of Mauritius, sought to answer some pertinent questions regarding students with disabilities. Does the University of Mauritius have sufficient facilities to support these students? Are students aware of existing facilities? What additional structures need to be put in place so that students with any form of disability are neither victimised, nor their education undermined? Are there any local laws about students with disabilities in higher education? METHOD: To answer these questions and others, an online questionnaire was sent to 500 students and the responses were then analysed and discussed...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936421/a-conceptual-framework-to-assess-effectiveness-in-wheelchair-provision
#19
Deepan C Kamaraj, Nathan Bray, Karen Rispin, Padmaja Kankipati, Jonathan Pearlman, Johan Borg
BACKGROUND: Currently, inadequate wheelchair provision has forced many people with disabilities to be trapped in a cycle of poverty and deprivation, limiting their ability to access education, work and social facilities. This issue is in part because of the lack of collaboration among various stakeholders who need to work together to design, manufacture and deliver such assistive mobility devices. This in turn has led to inadequate evidence about intervention effectiveness, disability prevalence and subsequent costeffectiveness that would help facilitate appropriate provision and support for people with disabilities...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936420/wheelchair-users-access-and-exclusion-in-south-african-higher-education
#20
Desire Chiwandire, Louise Vincent
BACKGROUND: South Africa's Constitution guarantees everyone, including persons with disabilities, the right to education. A variety of laws are in place obliging higher education institutions to provide appropriate physical access to education sites for all. In practice, however, many buildings remain inaccessible to people with physical disabilities. OBJECTIVES: To describe what measures South African universities are taking to make their built environments more accessible to students with diverse types of disabilities, and to assess the adequacy of such measures...
2017: Afr J Disabil
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