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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161758/young-athletes-health-knowledge-system-qualitative-analysis-of-health-learning-processes-in-adolescent-sportspersons
#1
Laura I Rodríguez-Serrano, Toomas Timpka, Joakim Ekberg, Örjan Dahlström, Jenny Jacobsson
Recognized side effects on health associated with sports participation in youth include overtraining, doping, and exposure to harassment and violence. Many of these effects originate in contexts where young athletes are beginning to make decisions about their sports practices on their own. This study set out to explore knowledge and reasoning about health among adolescent athletes and to describe how health knowledge management structures are associated with different social systems. Qualitative data were collected from focus groups involving 65 young Swedish athletes aged 16 to 17 years...
November 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161686/impact-of-an-in-hospital-patient-education-program-on-choice-of-renal-replacement-modality-in-unplanned-dialysis-initiation
#2
Moritz Schanz, Markus Ketteler, Markus Heck, Juergen Dippon, Mark Dominik Alscher, Martin Kimmel
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Up to 50% patients requiring dialysis receive an urgent, unplanned start (UPS) to renal replacement therapy (RRT). Most of these are initiated with an intravenous catheter and commenced and maintained on hemodialysis (HD). Although peritoneal dialysis (PD) could be an equipotent initial modality for RRT, it is used less frequently as long-term RRT in UPS patients. This multicenter-study aimed to evaluate the impact of a structured, in-hospital education program and factors influencing PD rates, especially in UPS patients...
November 21, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161403/school-practices-important-for-students-sexual-health-analysis-of-the-school-health-research-network-survey-in-wales
#3
Honor Young, Sara Jayne Long, Britt Hallingberg, Adam Fletcher, Gillian Hewitt, Simon Murphy, Graham F Moore
Background: This study investigates how the sexual health outcomes of a representative sample of students aged 15-16 in Wales vary according to the person delivering Sex and Relationships Education (SRE) in schools, students' access to on-site sexual health services and access to free condoms. Methods: Cross-sectional, self-report survey data were collected from students who participated in the 2015/16 School Health Research Network questionnaire in Wales. Data were analyzed from 59 schools, totalling 3781 students aged 15-16 (M = 15...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161171/at-the-expense-of-a-life-race-class-and-the-meaning-of-buprenorphine-in-pharmaceuticalized-care
#4
Alexandrea E Hatcher, Sonia Mendoza, Helena Hansen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Office-based buprenorphine maintenance has been legalized and promoted as a treatment approach that not only expands access to care, but also reduces the stigma of addiction treatment by placing it in a mainstream clinical setting. At the same time, there are differences in buprenorphine treatment utilization by race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. METHODS: This article draws on qualitative data from interviews with 77 diverse patients receiving buprenorphine in a primary care clinic and two outpatient substance dependence clinics to examine differences in patients' experiences of stigma in relation their need for psychosocial supports and services...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161170/examining-the-implementation-of-collaborative-competencies-in-a-critical-care-setting-key-challenges-for-enacting-competency-based-education
#5
Joanne Goldman, Simon Kitto, Scott Reeves
Interprofessional collaboration is recognised as an important factor in improving patient care in intensive care units (ICUs). Competency frameworks, and more specifically interprofessional competency frameworks, are a key strategy being used to support the development of attitudes, knowledge, skills, and behaviours needed for an interprofessional approach to care. However, evidence for the application of competencies is limited. This study aimed to extend our empirically based understanding of the significance of interprofessional competencies to actual clinical practice in an ICU...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161156/sense-of-community-among-female-residents-of-a-trauma-informed-sober-living-home
#6
Katie M Edwards, Ellen E Haynes, Kelly M Palmer, Sharon Murphy
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders (SUDs) and domestic and/or sexual violence (DSV) co-occur at high rates. Although some studies have examined sober living homes (SLHs), no research to date has evaluated SLHs specifically designed for women with histories of SUDS and DSV. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to present data from an exploratory analysis of the association between sense of community (SOC) and mental health symptoms within a unique trauma-informed and gender-responsive SLH (i...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161155/the-use-of-virtual-communities-of-practice-to-improve-interprofessional-collaboration-and-education-findings-from-an-integrated-review
#7
Clodagh McLoughlin, Kunal D Patel, Tom O'Callaghan, Scott Reeves
The recent growth in online technology has led to a rapid increase in the sharing of health related information globally. Health and social care professionals are now using a wide range of virtual communities of practice (VCoPs) for learning, support, continuing professional education, knowledge management and information sharing. In this article, we report the findings from a review of the literature that explored the use of VCoPs by health and social care professionals to determine their potential for interprofessional education and collaboration...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161071/risk-of-concussion-during-sports-versus-physical-education-among-new-mexico-middle-and-high-school-students
#8
Richard A Campbell, Stephanie A Gorman, Robert J Thoma, Robert D Annett, Christopher A McGrew, Ronald A Yeo, Andrew R Mayer, John H King, Andrew S Rowland
OBJECTIVES: To measure the risk of concussion among New Mexico middle and high school students during both sports and physical education. METHODS: Athletic directors or athletic trainers in 147 schools were asked to report the number of concussions occurring during sports and physical education in the 2013 to 2014 school year. We calculated 1-year cumulative incidence rates. RESULTS: Of the 147 schools, 99 responded (67%). During the school year, 598 students were removed from athletics because of a concussion, a 1-year cumulative incidence of 3...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160964/examining-depression-in-patients-on-dialysis
#9
Allison A Treadwell
This study measured the prevalence of depression in 39 patients on hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis in two urban outpatient facilities in the southeastern United States. Additionally, it evaluated the number of patients who sought and scheduled a mental health evaluation after screening and education. The prevalence of mild to severely depressed individuals among participants in this study was 36%, affirming previous findings of depressive symptoms in the ESRD population. Results suggest that patients with ESRD are at a higher risk for depression than the general population...
July 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160948/disability-social-functioning-and-school-inclusion-among-older-children-and-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-zimbabwe
#10
Ruramayi Rukuni, Grace McHugh, Edith Majonga, Katharina Kranzer, Hilda Mujuru, Shungu Munyati, Kusum Nathoo, Celia L Gregson, Hannah Kuper, Rashida A Ferrand
OBJECTIVE: Increasing numbers of children with HIV are surviving to adolescence and encountering multiple clinical and social consequences of longstanding HIV infection. We aimed to investigate the association between HIV and disability, social functioning and school inclusion among 6 to 16 year-olds in Zimbabwe. METHODS: HIV-infected children receiving antiretroviral therapy from a public sector HIV clinic, and HIV-uninfected children attending primary care clinics in the same catchment area were recruited...
November 21, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160843/public-and-healthcare-professionals-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-binge-eating-disorder-a-narrative-review
#11
REVIEW
Deborah Lynn Reas
Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by recurrent binge eating and marked distress in the absence of inappropriate compensatory behaviors for weight control. BED is prevalent in men and women, is associated with elevated psychosocial and functional impairment, and is associated strongly with obesity and related medical comorbidities. The aim is to provide a brief, state-of-the-art review of the major and recent findings to inform educational and awareness campaigns, stigma reduction interventions, as well as current clinical practice and future research...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160826/the-communication-awareness-relationships-and-empowerment-c-a-r-e-model-an-effective-tool-for-engaging-urban-communities-in-community-based-participatory-research
#12
Joniqua Ceasar, Marlene H Peters-Lawrence, Valerie Mitchell, Tiffany M Powell-Wiley
Little is known about recruitment methods for racial/ethnic minority populations from resource-limited areas for community-based health and needs assessments, particularly assessments that incorporate mobile health (mHealth) technology for characterizing physical activity and dietary intake. We examined whether the Communication, Awareness, Relationships and Empowerment (C.A.R.E.) model could reduce challenges recruiting and retaining participants from faith-based organizations in predominantly African American Washington, D...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160487/educational-practices-of-nursing-in-the-puerperium-social-representations-of-puerperal-mothers
#13
Hilana Dayana Dodou, Tamires Daianny Araújo de Oliveira, Mônica Oliveira Batista Oriá, Dafne Paiva Rodrigues, Patrícia Neyva da Costa Pinheiro, Izaildo Tavares Luna
OBJECTIVE: To understand the social representations of puerperal women regarding the contents of the educational practices carried out by nursing in the puerperium. METHOD: Descriptive and qualitative study, carried out from June to September 2014, in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil. Nineteen puerperal women were administered a semi-structured interview. The Theory of Social Representations was used as a theoretical reference. Lexical analysis was performed with ALCESTE (version 2012) software...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160384/current-use-and-acceptability-of-novel-diagnostic-tests-for-active-tuberculosis-a-worldwide-survey
#14
Massimo Amicosante, Lia D'Ambrosio, Marcela Munoz, Fernanda Carvalho de Queiroz Mello, Marc Tebruegge, Novel Njweipi Chegou, Fouad Seghrouchni, Rosella Centis, Delia Goletti, Graham Bothamley, Giovanni Battista Migliori
OBJECTIVE: To determine the current use and potential acceptance (by tuberculosis experts worldwide) of novel rapid tests for the diagnosis of tuberculosis that are in line with World Health Organization target product profiles. METHODS: A multilingual survey was disseminated online between July and November of 2016. RESULTS: A total of 723 individuals from 114 countries responded to the survey. Smear microscopy was the most commonly used rapid tuberculosis test (available to 90...
September 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160239/education-and-training-in-radioecology-during-the-eu-comet-project-successes-and-suggestions-for-the-future
#15
Clare Bradshaw, Lindis Skipperud, N Beresford, C L Barnett, Miquel Vidal
The 2014 Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) for Radioecology identified that the key challenge in education and training (E&T) was "to maintain and develop a skilled workforce in Europe and world-wide, through university candidates and professionals trained within radioecology" since "scientific research in radioecology and application of that knowledge… requires scientists and workers with adequate competence and appropriate skills." Radioecology is a multidisciplinary science and E&T is needed by both students and professionals within research, industry and radiation protection...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160159/reported-habitual-intake-of-breakfast-and-selected-foods-in-relation-to-overweight-status-among-seven-to-nine-year-old-swedish-children
#16
Bente B Nilsen, Agneta Yngve, Celia Monteagudo, Richard Tellström, Henrik Scander, Bo Werner
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the reported frequency of breakfast intake and selected food and beverages in the investigated group of Swedish children in comparison with recommended intakes. Furthermore, the study analyses these food habits and some demographic and lifestyle factors in relation to overweight and obesity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study builds on data collected in 2008 and 2010. Measured anthropometric data and parent questionnaire data were collected...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159919/smart-phone-accessibility-and-mhealth-use-in-a-limited-resource-setting
#17
Shelby L Garner, Tanya Sudia, Spurgeon Rachaprolu
AIM: To determine smartphone access and use including future opportunities for mHealth and potential ethical implications among health care professionals practicing at a health care facility in Bengaluru, India. BACKGROUND: The evolution of smart phones can provide convenient, portable, and rapid access to resources for health care professionals. While mobile phone accessibility has improved in recent years in many low and middle-income countries, the use of smart phones to address health priorities remains limited in some limited resource settings...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159906/sexual-orientation-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
R George, M A Stokes
Clinical impressions suggest a different sexual profile between individuals with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Little is presently known about the demographics of sexual orientation in ASD. Sexual Orientation was surveyed using the Sell Scale of Sexual Orientation in an international online sample of individuals with ASD (N = 309, M = 90, F= 219), aged (M = 32.30 years, SD = 11.93) and this was compared to sexual orientation of typically-developing individuals (N = 310, M = 84, F= 226), aged (M = 29...
November 21, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159891/the-experience-of-sexuality-in-adults-with-intellectual-disability
#19
M D Gil-Llario, V Morell-Mengual, R Ballester-Arnal, I Díaz-Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: People with intellectual disability have the same sexual needs as those without any disability, yet their sexuality is often restricted by reluctant attitudes and/or fears based on irrational beliefs. The aim of this study is to describe and analyse different areas of sexuality in adults with mild or moderate intellectual disability. METHOD: The sample consisted of 180 men and 180 women attending occupational centres. All the participants were administered a questionnaire about sexuality adapted to their characteristics...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159842/struggle-and-failure-on-clinical-placement-a-critical-narrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Rachel Davenport, Sally Hewat, Alison Ferguson, Sue McAllister, Michelle Lincoln
BACKGROUND: Clinical placements are crucial to the development of skills and competencies in speech-language pathology (SLP) education and, more generally, a requirement of all health professional training programmes. Literature from medical education provides a context for understanding how the environment can be vital to all students' learning. Given the increasing costs of education and demands on health services, students who struggle or fail on clinical placement place an additional burden on educators...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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