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Intraepithelial t cell

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644257/intravenous-labeling-and-analysis-of-the-content-of-thymic-perivascular-spaces
#1
Roland Ruscher, Kristin A Hogquist
Following development in the thymus, T cells are thought to exit into the periphery predominantly through perivascular spaces (PVS). This exit route is used by conventional T cells, and likely also applies to unconventional T cell subsets, such as precursors of CD8αα and TCRγδ intraepithelial lymphocytes, regulatory T cells and natural killer T cells. Additional cell types might also be found in the PVS and initiate interactions with exiting T cells. The exact content of the PVS, and the processes within, are not well studied...
March 5, 2018: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611507/environmental-enteropathy-in-undernourished-pakistani-children-clinical-and-histomorphometric-analyses
#2
Sana Syed, Sunil Yeruva, Jeremy Herrmann, Anne Sailer, Kamran Sadiq, Najeeha Iqbal, Furqan Kabir, Kumail Ahmed, Shahida Qureshi, Sean R Moore, Jerrold Turner, S Asad Ali
Despite nutrition interventions, stunting thought to be secondary to underlying environmental enteropathy (EE) remains pervasive among infants residing in resource-poor countries and remains poorly characterized. From a birth cohort of 380 children, 65 malnourished infants received 12 weeks of nutritional supplementation with ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF). Eleven children with insufficient response to RUTF underwent upper endoscopy with duodenal biopsies, which were compared with U.S., age-matched specimens for healthy, celiac disease, non-celiac villous atrophy, non-celiac intraepithelial lymphocytosis, and graft-versus-host disease patients...
April 2, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593745/integral-roles-for-integrins-in-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cell-function
#3
REVIEW
Gabrielle M Siegers
Integrins are adhesion receptors on the cell surface that enable cells to respond to their environment. Most integrins are heterodimers, comprising α and β type I transmembrane glycoprotein chains with large extracellular domains and short cytoplasmic tails. Integrins deliver signals through multiprotein complexes at the cell surface, which interact with cytoskeletal and signaling proteins to influence gene expression, cell proliferation, morphology, and migration. Integrin expression on γδ T cells (γδTc) has not been systematically investigated; however, reports in the literature dating back to the early 1990s reveal an understated role for integrins in γδTc function...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593040/within-host-variations-of-human-papillomavirus-reveal-apobec-signature-mutagenesis-in-the-viral-genome
#4
Yusuke Hirose, Mamiko Onuki, Yuri Tenjimbayashi, Seiichiro Mori, Yoshiyuki Ishii, Takamasa Takeuchi, Nobutaka Tasaka, Toyomi Satoh, Tohru Morisada, Takashi Iwata, Shingo Miyamoto, Koji Matsumoto, Akihiko Sekizawa, Iwao Kukimoto
Persistent infection with oncogenic human papillomaviruses (HPVs) causes cervical cancer, accompanied with the accumulation of somatic mutations into the host genome. There are concomitant genetic changes in the HPV genome during viral infection; however, their relevance to cervical carcinogenesis is poorly understood. Here we explored within-host genetic diversity of HPV by performing deep sequencing analyses of viral whole-genome sequences in clinical specimens. The whole genomes of HPV types 16, 52 and 58 were amplified by type-specific PCR from total cellular DNA of cervical exfoliated cells collected from patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and invasive cervical cancer (ICC), and were deep-sequenced...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575422/differentiated-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-associated-invasive-cervical-squamous-cell-carcinoma-as-a-source-of-major-cytopathological-and-surgical-pathological-discrepancy-in-papanicolaou-smear-screening-tests
#5
K T Mai
INTRODUCTION: Differentiated cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (dCIN) analogous to differentiated squamous intraepithelial neoplasia of the vulva is characterised by the proliferation of atypical cells limited to the basal/parabasal layers. Exfoliative cytology of dCIN has not been investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: A 46-year-old woman, with a history of normal Papanicolaou (Pap) smear up to 2 years prior to the occurrence of postcoital vaginal bleeding had two consecutive Pap smears, which only revealed atypical squamous cells of unknown significance (ASCUS)...
April 2018: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563805/vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-suppresses-dendritic-cells-function-of-human-prostate-cancer
#6
Wen-Kun Bai, Wei Zhang, Bing Hu
Purpose: Prostate cancer (PCa) patients often have dendritic cell (DC) function defects, but the mechanism is not clear. The aim of this study was to detect the effect of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in mature DCs. Patients and methods: In this study, we chose 30 PCa patients, 10 prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) patients and 30 benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) patients, and compared the composition of peripheral blood T cells, the composition and function of local dendritic cells in prostate tissue, and the density of local VEGF...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547439/high-grade-anal-intraepithelial-neoplasia-is-associated-with-hiv-1-rna-rectal-shedding-in-virologically-suppressed-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#7
Elena García-Payá, Marta Fernández, Sergio Padilla, José A García, Catalina Robledano, Victoria Ortiz DE LA Tabla, Félix Gutiérrez, Mar Masiá
OBJECTIVE: The protective effect of ART has not yet been definitively established in men who have sex with men (MSM). We aimed to characterize the factors associated with persistent HIV-1 RNA rectal shedding. METHODS: Prospective study including virologically-suppressed MSM from an HIV cohort. High-resolution anoscopy (HRA) was performed for screening of anal dysplasia, and rectal sampling for HIV-1 RNA quantification and sexually-transmitted infections (STIs) investigation through multiplex PCR...
March 15, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528986/high-baseline-anal-human-papillomavirus-and-abnormal-anal-cytology-in-a-phase-3-trial-of-the-quadrivalent-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-individuals-older-than-26-years-actg-5298
#8
Ross D Cranston, Michelle S Cespedes, Pawel Paczuski, Ming Yang, Robert W Coombs, Joan Dragavon, Alfred Saah, Catherine Godfrey, Jennifer Y Webster-Cyriaque, Elizabeth Y Chiao, Barbara Bastow, Timothy Wilkin
BACKGROUND: The quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine (qHPV; types 6, 11, 16, 18) is indicated for men and women aged 9 to 26 years to prevent HPV associated anogenital high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) and cancer. ACTG 5298 was a randomized placebo controlled Phase 3 study in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected men who have sex with men, and women of qHPV to prevent persistent anal HPV infection. Baseline data are presented here. METHODS: Human immunodeficiency virus-infected men who have sex with men, and women 27 years or older without previous anogenital or oral cancer were enrolled...
April 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521231/intraepithelially-attack-rather-than-intratumorally-infiltration-of-cd8-t-lymphocytes-is-a-favorable-prognostic-indicator-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#9
J Zhang, Y F Wang, B Wu, Z X Zhong, K X Wang, L Q Yang, Y Q Wang, Y Q Li, J Gao, Z S Li
BACKGROUND: Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are one of the major participants in the tumor microenvironment of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, the mechanism of interaction between TILs and tumors is complex and remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the state of immunoreactions in PDAC tissues, and explore the prognostic value of these markers in a large sample, to provide a new theoretical basis for PDAC immunotherapy. METHOD: Immunohistochemical staining of CD4+ and CD8+T cells was performed in a tissue microarray (TMA) of 143 cases of PDAC...
March 7, 2018: Current Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508414/reduced-vitamin-d-receptor-vdr-expression-and-plasma-vitamin-d-levels-are-associated-with-aging-related-prostate-lesions
#10
Gabriel H Campolina-Silva, Bruna T Maria, Germán A B Mahecha, Cleida A Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Protective roles have been proposed for vitamin D in prostate cancer, which has the advanced age as the major risk factor. However, little is known about the expression of the vitamin D receptor (VDR) in the aging prostate and its association with the development of epithelial lesions that affect tissue homeostasis and may precede prostate tumors. METHODS: VDR expression in the prostatic complex of young adults to senile Wistar rats, a natural model to study age-related prostatic disorders, was evaluated by immunohistochemical, Western blotting, and image-assisted analyzes...
March 5, 2018: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505551/dietary-factors-and-mucosal-immune-response-in-celiac-disease-patients-having-persistent-symptoms-despite-a-gluten-free-diet
#11
Pilvi Laurikka, Katri Lindfors, Mikko Oittinen, Heini Huhtala, Teea Salmi, Marja-Leena Lähdeaho, Tuire Ilus, Markku Mäki, Katri Kaukinen, Kalle Kurppa
GOALS: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of dietary factors, distinct small-bowel mucosal immune cell types, and epithelial integrity in the perpetuation of gastrointestinal symptoms in treated celiac disease patients. BACKGROUND: For unexplained reasons, many celiac disease patients suffer from persistent symptoms, despite a strict gluten-free diet (GFD) and recovered intestinal mucosa. STUDY: We compared clinical and serological data and mucosal recovery in 22 asymptomatic and 25 symptomatic celiac patients on a long-term GFD...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480618/tissue-eosinophilia-in-oral-intraepithelial-neoplasia-as-a-probable-indicator-of-invasion
#12
C P Martinelli-Kläy, T Lombardi, Brrn Mendis, E G Soares, F Salvado, D S Courvoisier, P Mauricio
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of eosinophils in oral intraepithelial neoplasia (OIN) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) lesions and its relation to invasion. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ninety-nine oral biopsies were selected and subdivided into the following: OIN-1(16 cases), OIN-2 (18 cases), OIN-3 (17 cases), microinvasive OSCC (10 cases), non-metastatic OSCC (22 cases) and metastatic OSCC (16 cases). The tissue eosinophilia was evaluated histologically in slices stained with haematoxylin and eosin...
March 2018: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474240/high-rates-of-high-grade-cervical-dysplasia-in-high-risk-young-women-with-low-grade-cervical-cytology
#13
Laura R Daily, Britt K Erickson, Daniel N Pasko, J Michael Straughn, Warner K Huh, Charles A Leath
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine rates of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2 or greater in high-risk, racially diverse, young women with low-grade cytology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After institutional review board approval, a cross-sectional study of 21- to 24-year-old women with low-grade cytology (atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance, high-risk human papillomavirus+, low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, or human papillomavirus+ only) managed with colposcopy at our university-based clinic between May 2011 and April 2013 were identified...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465697/high-baseline-anal-hpv-and-abnormal-anal-cytology-in-a-phase-3-trial-of-the-quadrivalent-hpv-vaccine-in-hiv-infected-individuals-over-26-years-old-actg-5298
#14
Ross D Cranston, Michelle S Cespedes, Pawel Paczuski, Ming Yang, Robert W Coombs, Joan Dragavon, Alfred Saah, Catherine Godfrey, Jennifer Y Webster-Cyriaque, Elizabeth Y Chiao, Barbara Bastow, Timothy Wilkin
BACKGROUND: The quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine (qHPV; types 6, 11, 16, 18) is indicated for men and women 9-26 years to prevent HPV associated anogenital high grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) and cancer. ACTG 5298 was a randomized placebo controlled Phase 3 study in HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM), and women of qHPV to prevent persistent anal HPV infection. Baseline data is presented here. METHODS: HIV-infected MSM, and women ≥ 27 years without previous anogenital or oral cancer were enrolled...
October 13, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465024/a-prospective-study-of-women-with-ascus-or-lsil-pap-smears-at-baseline-and-hpv-e6-e7-mrna-positive-a-3-year-follow-up
#15
M T Bruno, M Ferrara, V Fava, G Barrasso, M M Panella
Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is used in the triage of women with a borderline smear result. The efficiency of testing women with a low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) and atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) is less clear. For this reason we used a new HPV test that detects E6/E7 messenger RNA (mRNA), which might have a higher specificity. The objective of this prospective study was to assess whether HPV E6/E7 mRNA positivity in women with ASCUS and LSIL at baseline, is able to predict those women who have a high risk of developing a histological cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2) or worse lesion...
February 21, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452216/upregulation-of-tiam1-contributes-to-cervical-cancer-disease-progression-and-indicates-poor-survival-outcome
#16
Yang Yang, Qunying Wu, Nan Li, Shuanlong Che, Tiefeng Jin, Yunze Nan, Zhenhua Lin, Liyan Chen
T lymphoma invasion and metastasis 1 (Tiam1), a guanine nucleotide exchange factor, is involved in the tumorigenesis of a number of malignancies. This study was aimed to explore the role of Tiam1 in cervical cancer progression, and evaluate the prognostic values. Tiam1 protein expression levels were detected by immunohistochemical (IHC) staining in 174 cervical cancer tissues, 92 of CINs (Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia) and 32 of normal cervical epithelia tissues. Clinicopathological parameters and overall survival data were collected and compared between different Tiam1 statuses...
February 13, 2018: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435163/aberrant-frequency-of-tnfr2-treg-and-related-cytokines-in-patients-with-cin-and-cervical-cancer
#17
Teng Zhang, Jun Jiao, Xinlin Jiao, Lu Zhao, Xinli Tian, Qing Zhang, Daoxin Ma, Baoxia Cui
Regulatory T (Treg) cells expressing tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 (TNFR2) are highly suppressive and are associated with immune homeostasis in various diseases. However, the role of TNFR2+Treg subset and relevant cytokines in the development of cervical cancer (CC) remained unclear. In this study, 72 patients with CC, 30 patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and 30 healthy volunteers were enrolled. The level of circulating TNFR2+Tregs was investigated through flow cytometry. The plasma concentrations of soluble TNFR1 (s-TNFR1) and soluble TNFR2 (s-TNFR2) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419930/stat1-is-a-sex-specific-tumor-suppressor-in-colitis-associated-colorectal-cancer
#18
Ilija Crnčec, Madhura Modak, Claire Gordziel, Jasmin Svinka, Irene Scharf, Stefan Moritsch, Paulina Pathria, Michaela Schlederer, Lukas Kenner, Gerald Timelthaler, Mathias Müller, Birgit Strobl, Emilio Casanova, Editha Bayer, Thomas Mohr, Johannes Stöckl, Karlheinz Friedrich, Robert Eferl
The interferon-inducible transcription factor STAT1 is a tumor suppressor in various malignancies. We investigated sex-specific STAT1 functions in colitis and colitis-associated colorectal cancer (CRC) using mice with specific STAT1 deletion in intestinal epithelial cells (STAT1 ∆ IEC ). Male but not female STAT1 ∆ IEC mice were more resistant to DSS-induced colitis than sex-matched STAT1 flox/flox controls and displayed reduced intraepithelial infiltration of CD8 + TCRαβ + Granzyme B + T cells. Moreover, DSS treatment failed to induce expression of T cell-attracting chemokines in intestinal epithelial cells of male but not of female STAT1 ∆ IEC mice...
February 8, 2018: Molecular Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400020/programmed-death-1-pd-1-expression-in-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-and-its-relationship-with-recurrence-after-conization
#19
Hyeyoon Chang, Jin Hwa Hong, Jae Kwan Lee, Hyun Woong Cho, Yung Taek Ouh, Kyung Jin Min, Kyeong A So
OBJECTIVE: Impaired local cellular immunity contributes to persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and development of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN). Programmed death-1 (PD-1) and its ligands PD-ligand-1 (L1) and PD-L2 are negative regulators of T cell activity in various cancers, but few studies exist. The aim of this study was to determine the clinicopathologic and immunologic parameters (PD-1, PD-L1, and PD-L2) related to the persistence/recurrence of CIN after conization...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399395/tumor-lymphocyte-immune-response-to-preoperative-radiotherapy-in-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-the-lymphorec-study
#20
C Mirjolet, C Charon-Barra, S Ladoire, F Arbez-Gindre, A Bertaut, F Ghiringhelli, A Leroux, D Peiffert, C Borg, J F Bosset, G Créhange
Introduction: Some studies have suggested that baseline tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes (TILs), such as CD8+ and FoxP3+ T-cells, may be associated with a better prognosis in colorectal cancer. We sought to investigate modulation of the immune response by preoperative radiotherapy (preopRT) and its impact on survival in locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). Materials & Methods: We analyzed data for 237 patients with LARC who received RT. Density of TILS (CD8+ and FoxP3+) in intraepithelial (iTILs) and stromal compartments (sTILs) were evaluated from surgery pathological specimens and biopsies performed at baseline...
2018: Oncoimmunology
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